| image = Great emblem of the Baltic fleet.svg
| image_size = 150
| caption = Baltic Fleet Great ensign
| dates = 18 May 1703 – present
| country =
| allegiance =
| branch = Russian navy
| type =
| role =Naval warfare
Combat patrols in the Baltic;
Naval presence/diplomacy missions in the Atlantic and elsewhere
| size = c. 43 Warships (surface combatants, amphibious, mine warfare) plus support ships and auxiliaries
| command_structure = Russian Armed Forces
| garrison = Kaliningrad
| garrison_label =
| nickname =
| patron =
| motto =
| colors =
| colors_label =
| march =
| mascot =
| equipment =
| equipment_label =
| battles = Great Northern War
*Battle of Stäket
*Battle of Gangut
Seven Years' War Russo-Swedish War (1788–1790) Russo-Turkish WarsCrimean War Russo-Japanese WarWorld War IRussian Civil War World War IICold war
| anniversaries = 18 May
| decorations = (2)
| battle_honours =
| battle_honours_label =
| disbanded =
| flying_hours =
| website =
| commander1 = Admiral Aleksandr Nosatov
| commander1_label =
| notable_commanders = Rear Adm. Aleksandr Vladimirovich Razvozov
Adm. Samuel Greig
Cpt. Alexey Schastny
Adm. Arseniy Golovko
Vice Adm. Alexander Vekman
Adm. Lev Galler
Fleet Adm. Ivan Isakov
Adm. Vladimir Yegorov
Adm. Ivan Kapitanets
Adm. Konstantin Makarov
Adm. Viktor Chirkov
| identification_symbol =
| identification_symbol_label =
| identification_symbol_2 =
| identification_symbol_2_label =
The Baltic Fleet (russian: Балтийский флот, translit.
''Baltiyskiy flot'') is the fleet
of the Russian Navy
in the Baltic Sea
Established 18 May 1703, under Tsar Peter the Great
as part of the Imperial Russian Navy
, the Baltic Fleet is the oldest Russian Navy formation
. In 1918 the fleet was inherited by the Russian SFSR
then the Soviet Union
in 1922, where it was eventually known as the Twice Red Banner Baltic Fleet as part of the Soviet Navy
, as during this period it gained the two awards of the Order of the Red Banner
. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Baltic Fleet was inherited by the Russian Federation
and reverted to its original name as part of the Russian Navy.
The Baltic Fleet is headquartered in Kaliningrad
and its main base in Baltiysk
, both in Kaliningrad Oblast
, and another base in Kronshtadt
, Saint Petersburg
in the Gulf of Finland
The Imperial Russian Baltic Fleet was created during the Great Northern War
at the initiative of Czar Peter the Great
, who ordered the first ships for the Baltic Fleet to be constructed at Lodeynoye Pole
in 1702 and 1703. The first commander was a recruited Dutch
admiral, Cornelius Cruys
, who in 1723 was succeeded by Count Fyodor Apraksin
. In 1703, the main base of the fleet was established in Kronshtadt
. One of the fleet's first actions was the taking of Shlisselburg
. In 1701 Peter the Great established a special school, the School of Mathematics and Navigation
(Russian: Школа математических и навигацких наук), situated in the Sukharev Tower
in Moscow. As the territory to the west around the Gulf of Finland
was acquired by Russia for a "warm-water" port giving access for its merchantmen and the buildup of a naval force, the city of St. Petersburg was built and developed an extensive port. The School of Mathematics and Navigation was moved to St. Petersburg and in 1752 it was renamed the Naval Cadet Corps. Today it is the St. Petersburg Naval Institute – Peter the Great Naval Corps.
The Baltic Fleet began to receive new vessels in 1703. The fleet's first vessel was the 24-gun three-mast
ed frigate ''Shtandart.''
She was the fleet's flagship
, and is a prime example of the increasing role of the frigate
By 1724, the fleet boasted 141 sail warships and hundreds of oar-propelled vessels (galleys).
During the Great Northern War
, the Baltic Fleet assisted in taking Viborg
), the West Estonian archipelago
(Moonsund archipelago), Helsinki
), and Turku
. The first claimed victories of the new Imperial Russian Navy were the Gangut
(Swedish: Hangöudd) in 1714 and, arguably, the Grengam
(Swedish: Ledsund) in 1720. From 1715, the English Royal Navy
intervened in the Baltic Sea
on behalf of the German principality of Hanover
, (dynastic home of the current British monarchy
) and more or less in a tacit alliance with Russia. During the concluding stages of the war, the Russian fleet would land troops along the Swedish coast to devastate coastal settlements. However, after the death of King Charles XII
, the Royal Navy
would rather protect Swedish interests after a rapprochement between the Kingdom of Sweden and King George I
. A Russian attempt to reach the Swedish capital of Stockholm
was checked at the Battle of Stäket
in 1719. The losses suffered by the Russian Navy at the Grengam
in 1720, as well as the arrival of a Royal Navy squadron under Admiral John Norris
, also prevented further operations of any greater scale before the war ended in 1721.
During the "Seven Years' War
", (1755–1763), the Russian Baltic Sea fleet was active on the Pomeranian coast
of northern Germany
, helping the infantry to take Memel
in 1757 and Kolberg
in 1761. The Oresund
was blockaded in order to prevent the British Navy from entering the Baltic sea. During the Russo-Swedish War (1788–1790)
the fleet, commanded by Samuel Greig
, checked the Swedes at Hogland
(1788) and the Viborg
(1790). An impetuous Russian attack on the Swedish galley flotilla on 9 July 1790 at the Second Battle of Svensksund
resulted in a disaster for the Russian Navy who lost some 9,500 out of 14,000 men and about one third of their flotilla. The Russian defeat in this battle effectively ended the war.
During the series of Russo-Turkish Wars
, (1710–1711, 1735–1739, 1768–1774, 1787–1792, 1806–1812, 1828–1829), the fleet sailed into the Mediterranean Sea
on the First
Archipelago Expeditions and destroyed the Ottoman Imperial Navy
at the sea Battles of Chesma
(1770), the Dardanelles
(1807), and Navarino
(1827). At about the same time, Russian Admiral Ivan Krusenstern
circumnavigated the globe, while another Baltic Fleet officer – Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen
– discovered the southern ice-covered continent, Antarctica
In the Crimean War
, (1853–1856), the fleet – although stymied in its operations by the absence of steamships – prevented the British and French Allies from occupying Hangö
, and Saint Petersburg
. Despite being greatly outnumbered by the technologically superior Allies, it was the Russian Fleet that introduced into naval warfare such novelties as torpedo mines, invented by Boris Yakobi
. Other outstanding inventors who served in the Baltic Fleet were Alexander Stepanovich Popov
(who was the first to demonstrate the practical application of electromagnetic (radio) waves), Stepan Makarov
(the first to launch torpedo
es from a boat), Alexei Krylov
(author of the modern ship floodability
theory), and Alexander Mozhaiski
(co-inventor of aircraft).
Age of iron
As early as 1861, the first armor-clad ships were built for the Baltic Fleet. In 1863, during the American Civil War
, most of the Fleet's ocean-going ships, including the flagship ''Alexander Nevsky''
were sent to New York City
. At the same time ten ''Uragan''-class monitor
s based on the American-designed ''Passaic''-class monitors
were launched. It was the policy of the Czar and his government to show support for the Northern Union Army
in the United States
during their Civil War
, observing and exchanging naval tactics and cooperation. In 1869, the fleet commissioned the first turret
on a battleship
in the world – ''Petr Veliky''
. Furthermore, in the second half of the 19th and early 20th Century a strong network of coastal artillery
batteries was created to cover the approaches to St. Petersburg, Riga
, and other important bases.
By the year 1900, decades of modernization on the Baltic as well as the Pacific Fleet made Russia the fourth strongest country in the world in terms of naval forces after the UK, France and Germany, ahead of the US and Japan.
The Baltic Fleet, re-organized into The Second Pacific Squadron (Around Africa route) and The Third Pacific Squadron (Suez route under the command of Admiral Nebogatov), took a prominent part in the Russo-Japanese War
. After the defeat of earlier Siberian Military Flotilla
vessels, in September 1904, the Second Squadron under the command of Admiral Zinovy Rozhestvensky
was sent on a famous high-speed dash around South Africa
– stopping in French, German and Portuguese colonial ports: Tangier
, Gabon, Baía dos Tigres
, Lüderitz Bay
, and Nossi Be
), then, forming a single fleet under the command of Rozhestvensky with the Third Pacific Fleet, across the Indian Ocean
to Cam Ranh Bay
in French Indochina
and then northward to its doomed encounter with the Japanese fleet at the Battle of Tsushima
off the east coast of Korea
in May, 1905, ending the Russo-Japanese War
. The Imperial German civilian passenger Hamburg-Amerika Line
provided 60 colliers to supply the Baltic Fleet on its epic journey. During its passage through the North Sea
the Fleet mistook a fleet of British fishing boats for Japanese torpedo boats and opened fire, killing three sailors in what is known as the "Dogger Bank incident
The decision to send the Fleet to the Pacific was made after Russia had suffered a string of naval defeats in the East China Sea
and the Sea of Japan
off the coast of China
near its Far East naval base and colony, at the hands of the newly emergent Imperial Japanese Navy and Army in Manchuria
. The one-sided outcome of The Tsushima naval battle
broke Russian strength in East Asia. It set the stage for the uprising in the abortive Russian Revolution of 1905
. That propelled the decline that would see the Romanov
dynasty monarchy eventually brought down with the strains of World War I
, in the Russian Revolutions of 1917
World War I
Following the catastrophic losses in battleships during the Russo-Japanese War
, Russia embarked on a new naval building program which was to incorporate a number of the most modern dreadnought
s into the fleet along with other vessels and practices adopted from the Western navies. In late 1914, four dreadnoughts of the ''Gangut'' class
entered service with the Fleet: ; ; ; and . Four more powerful battlecruisers of the ''Borodino'' class
were under construction, but were never completed. On the whole the heavy units of the Fleet remained in port during the war, as the Imperial German Navy
's superiority in battleships and other vessels was overwhelming and it was difficult to communicate with Great Britain
's Royal Navy
forces further west in the North Sea
even though they had the Germans
bottled up after the Battle of Jutland
The Imperial Russian Navy's Baltic Fleet included a submarine division that had about 30 submarines of several classes and various auxiliary vessels, the largest of which were the transport and mother ships ''Europa'', ''Tosno'', ''Khabarovsk'', ''Oland'' and ''Svjatitel Nikolai''. Some of the Fleet's 355-ton submarines were made by Electric Boat Company
of Groton, Connecticut
in the United States, main supplier and builder of subs for the U.S. Navy
. Five of these "AG (Holland)" class submarines were prefabricated by the British Pacific Engineering & Construction Company at Barnet
), in Canada's British Columbia
, also under contract to the Electric Boat Company. These Canadian-built subs were shipped to Russia, a fellow Ally in the First World War
in December 1915., Four of these submarines, AG 11, AG 12
, AG 15 and AG 16
were scuttled in the harbour of Hanko
on 3 April 1918, just before the 10,000-strong Imperial German Baltic Sea Division
landed in support of the "Whites"
forces in the little known Finnish Civil War
. During the war the Fleet was aided by a detachment of British Royal Navy submarines
. These subs were later scuttled by their crews near the Harmaja
lighthouse outside Helsinki
, on 4 April 1918.
October Revolution and Russian Civil War (1917–22)
During the October Revolution
the sailors of the Baltic Fleet (renamed "Naval Forces of the Baltic Sea" in March 1918)
were among the most ardent supporters of Bolsheviks
, and formed an elite among Red military forces. The fleet was forced to evacuate several of its bases after Russia's withdrawal from the First World War, under the terms of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
. The "Ice Cruise"
of the Baltic Fleet (1918), led by Alexey Schastny
, saw the evacuation of most of the fleet's ships to Kronstadt and Petrograd.
Some ships of the fleet took part in the Russian Civil War
, notably by clashing with the British navy operating in the Baltic as part of intervention forces
. Over the years, however, the relations of the Baltic Fleet sailors with the Bolshevik regime soured, and they eventually rebelled against the Soviet government in the Kronstadt rebellion
in 1921, but were defeated, and the Fleet de facto ceased to exist as an active military unit.
The Fleet, renamed the Red-Banner Baltic Fleet on 11 January 1935,
was developed further during the Soviet years, initially relying on tsarist warships, but adding modern units built in Soviet yards from the 1930s onwards. Among the Fleet's Soviet commanders were Gordey Levchenko
in 1938–39 and Arseniy Golovko
in 1952–56. Ships and submarines commissioned
to the fleet included Soviet submarine ''M-256''
, a Project 615
short-range attack diesel submarine
of the Soviet Navy
. The fleet also acquired a large number of ground-based aircraft to form a strong naval aviation
In September 1939, the fleet threatened the Baltic states as part of a series of military actions staged to encourage the Baltics to accept Soviet offers of "mutual assistance."
at Time Magazine on Monday, 9 October 1939
Subsequently, in June 1940, the fleet blockaded the Baltics in support of the Soviet invasion.
Finland, which had refused to sign a "pact of mutual assistance", was attacked by the USSR. The fleet played a limited role in the Winter War
in 1939–1940, mostly through conducting artillery bombardments of Finnish coastal fortifications. Many fleet aircraft were involved in operations against Finland, however. Its operations came to a close with the freezing of the Gulf of Finland during the exceptionally cold winter of that year.
World War II
In the beginning of the German invasion
the Baltic Fleet had 2 battleship
s, 2 cruiser
s, 2 flotilla leader
s, 19 destroyer
s, 48 MTB
s, 65 submarine
s and other ships, and 656 aircraft. During the war the Fleet, commanded by the Vice-Admiral Vladimir Tributz
, defended the Hanko Peninsula
, several islands in Estonian SSR
, and participated in the breakthrough breach of the Siege of Leningrad
. 137 sailors of the Baltic Fleet were awarded a title of the Hero of the Soviet Union
. For most of the war the fleet was trapped by German and Finnish minefields in Leningrad and nearby Kronstadt, the only bases left in Soviet hands on the Baltic coast. Another key factor was that the Finns had recaptured outer islands of the Gulf of Finland, Suursaari
being the most important of them. Many of the fleet sailors fought on land as infantry during the siege. Only submarines could risk the passage into the open sea to strike at German shipping. They were particularly successful towards the end of the war, sinking ships like Wilhelm Gustloff
, causing great loss of life.
The Fleet carried out the Soviet evacuation of Tallinn
in late August 1941.
Grouping in June 1941
* Battleship squadron/division
** battleship ''Marat''
(named after Jean-Paul Marat
** battleship ''Oktyabrskaya Revolutsiya''
(named after October revolution)
** destroyer leader ''Leningrad''
(named after the city of Leningrad
** destroyer leader ''Minsk''
(named after the capital of Belarus
* 1st destroyer division/1 Flotilla
** cruiser ''Kirov''
** destroyer ''Gnevny''
** destroyer ''Gordyy''
** destroyer ''Grozyashchiy''
** destroyer ''Smetlivyi''
** destroyer ''Steregushchy''
* 2nd destroyer division/2 Flotilla
* 3rd destroyer division/3 Flotilla
** ''Karl Marx''
** ''Yakov Sverdlov''
* Guards division/Naval Guards Squadron
*Minesweeper Division/Task Group
** Minelayer ''Marti
** Minesweepers ''T-201
'' and ''T-218
** 15 auxiliary minesweepers
*1st submarine brigade/1 Submarine Battle Fleet
, ex-Estonian submarine ''Lembit
'', ex-Estonian submarine ''Kalev''
, ex-, ex-
*2nd submarine brigade/2 Submarine Battle Fleet
* Support vessels
** transport ''Eestirand
** ''Oka'' (named after the river of Oka
** ''Polyarnaya Zvezda'' (Polar Star)
* Training Task Group/Division of the Navy
* Training Task Group
During the Immediate post-war period the importance of the Red-Banner Baltic Fleet increased despite the Baltic being a shallow sea with the exits easily becoming choke points by other countries. The Baltic Fleet was increased to two Fleets, the 4th Red-Banner Baltic Fleet
and the 8th Red-Banner Baltic Fleet
on 15 February 1946. However, during the post-Stalinist period and general reforms and downsizing in the Soviet Armed Forces the two fleets of the Baltic were again reduced, with many vessels, some built before the Revolution, were scrapped, and the Fleet was again renamed Red-Banner Baltic Fleet on 24 December 1955.
In Liepāja the Baltic Fleet's 14th submarine squadron, call sign "Kompleks" ("Комплекс") was stationed with 16 submarines (613
); as was the 6th group of rear supply of Baltic Fleet, and the 81st design bureau and reserve command center of the same force.
Far from being reduced in importance, operations of the Red-Banner Baltic Fleet during the early-Cold War
period earned it a great amount of prestige and profile, with the second awarding of the Order of Red Banner being presented on 7 May 1965 when the Fleet was again renamed to Twice Red-Banner Baltic Fleet.
Although the Soviet Union poured resources into building up the Northern Fleet
and the Pacific Fleet
, both of which had easy access to the open ocean, the Twice Red-Banner Baltic Fleet assumed the very important position of supporting the northern flank of the European Theatre in case of a confrontation with NATO. This role was under-rated from the blue water navies
perspective, but was seen as a highly valuable one from the strategic perspective of the Soviet General Staff planning. The Twice Red-Banner Baltic Fleet remained a powerful force, which in the event of war was tasked with conducting amphibious assaults
against the coast of Denmark and Germany, in cooperation with allied Polish
and East German
A notable incident involving the fleet occurred in 1975 when a mutiny broke out on the frigate ''Storozhevoy''
. There were also numerous allegations by Sweden of Baltic Fleet submarines illegally penetrating its territorial waters.
In October 1981 the Soviet Whiskey-class submarine ''U 137''
ran aground in Swedish territorial waters, near the important naval base of Karlskrona
, causing a serious diplomatic incident. Swedish naval vessels pulled the submarine into deeper water and permitted it to return to the Soviet fleet in early November.
In 1946 the Baltic Fleet was split into two commands, the 4th and 8th Fleets
In 1956 the two fleets were reunited into a single Baltic Fleet command
Under the Russian Federation
of the Soviet Union
deprived the Fleet of key bases in Estonia
, leaving Kaliningrad Oblast
as the Fleet's only ice-free
naval outlet to the Baltic Sea. However, the Kaliningrad Oblast between Poland
is not contiguous with the rest of the national territory of the Russian Federation
In the immediate post-Soviet period, the capabilities of the Baltic Fleet were significantly reduced. From 1991/1992 to 1994/95, vessels in the Baltic Fleet declined from 350 at the beginning of the decade to 109 available vessels. At the same time, with the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact
, the formerly allied East German Navy
was absorbed by West Germany and the Polish Navy
no longer supplemented the strength of the Baltic Fleet.
Russian Land forces in the region were also sharply reduced. In 1989 3rd Guards Motor Rifle Division
was transferred to the fleet as a coastal defence division. It was disbanded on 1 September 1993. In the late 1990s the 336th Guards Naval Infantry Brigade
and the remnant of the 11th Guards Army
of the Baltic Military District
were subordinated to a single command named the Ground and Coastal Forces of the Baltic Fleet under a deputy fleet commander. The 11th Guards Army remnant included the 7th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment
and the brigade that was the former 18th Guards Motor Rifle Division
, plus several Bases for Storage of Weapons and Equipment, holding enough vehicles and weaponry for a division but only having a few hundred men assigned to maintain the equipment and guard the bases. warfare.be listings in 2013 report that the staff of the Ground and Coastal Defence Forces of the Fleet may have been disbanded in November 2007.
In 2007, according to the IISS, the fleet's aviation units were equipped with a total of 23 Su-27
, 26 Su-24
, 14 An-12
, 2 An-12 Cub (MR/EW)
, 11 Mi-24 Hind
, 19 Ka-28 Helix
, 8 Ka-29 Helix
assault helicopters, and 17 Mi-8 Hip
As of 2008 the Baltic Fleet included about 75 combat ships of various types. The main base is in Baltiysk
and a second operational base is in Kronstadt. The Leningrad Naval Base
is an administrative entity that is not a discrete geographic location but comprises all of the naval institutions and facilities in the St. Petersburg area.
During the 2010s renewed emphasis was placed on modernizing Russian naval capabilities. In the Baltic, this process has proceeded slowly though there has been particular emphasis on acquiring new light units. New corvettes (of the Steregushchiy
classes) have been incrementally added to the Fleet with additional vessels from the Karakurt, and potentially the Steregushchiy-class, anticipated in the 2020s - though not necessarily at a rate that will be sufficient to replace the Fleet's older Soviet-era corvettes and missile boats on a one-for-one basis. Nevertheless, utilizing Russia's internal waterways, additional cruise missile-armed light units, drawn from Russia's other Western fleets or from the Caspian Flotilla
, have the capacity to reinforce the Baltic Fleet as may be needed. A further aspect of modernization has focused on the build-up of Russian shore-based anti-ship and air defence capabilities in the Kaliningrad region.
In contrast to the three other Russian fleets, the Baltic Fleet's submarine capabilities are extremely modest with just one older Kilo-class
boat deployed in 2020, largely for training purposes. Nevertheless, a strengthening of these capabilities in the 2020s was being considered with various options (including both Improved Kilos and/or new Lada-class submarine
s) apparently on the table.
Training and readiness levels have also been emphasized to be of key importance. In June 2016, fleet commander Vice Admiral Viktor Kravchuk
and his chief of staff, Vice Admiral Sergei Popov
, were dismissed for "serious training shortcomings and distortion of the real situation". N. G. Kuznetsov Naval Academy
commander Vice Admiral Alexander Nosatov
was made acting commander of the fleet, a position in which he was confirmed on 17 September.
Analysis undertaken by Anders Nielsen of the Royal Danish Defence College in 2019 concludes that the Russian Baltic Fleet is oriented to contributing to Russian global deployment and expeditionary operations in peacetime. However, it is also the smallest of the Russian Navy's four principal fleets and therefore, due to its limited strength, would play primarily a defensive role in the Baltic Sea in most conflict or wartime scenarios.
Order of Battle
The Baltic Fleet is subordinate to Russia's Western Military District
(headquartered in St. Petersburg) which also incorporates Russia's strongest ground and air formations. The Kaliningrad
region serves as the principal base area for the Baltic Fleet and therefore hosts significant land and air forces, both to defend Kaliningrad and to extend Russian shore-based air and sea denial capabilities (A2/AD) into the Baltic Sea and region.
Surface Vessels and Submarines
12th Surface ship Division
* 128th Surface ship Brigade ()
** ''Nastoychivyy'' (610) (''Sovremenny''-class
destroyer) (1992) (Baltic fleet flagship; reported under repair as of 2019
** ''Neustrashimyy'' (''Neustrashimyy''-class
frigate) (Entered service 1993) (Reported inactive as of 2019
but scheduled to rejoin the fleet after repairs
which are projected to complete in 2021)
** ''Yaroslav Mudryy'' (''Neustrashimyy''-class
frigate) (Entered service 2009)
multi-role corvette) (2007)
multi-role corvette) (2011)
multi-role corvette) (May 2013) (deployed to the Mediterranean in early 2021)
** Stoikiy (545) (''Steregushchy''-class
multi-role corvette) (2014) (forward deployed to the Mediterranean and Indian Ocean in early 2021)
* 71st Red Star Landing Ship Brigade
** ''Minsk'' (122) (Ropucha class LST
) (deployed to the Mediterranean in early 2021)
** ''Kaliningrad'' (102) (Ropucha class LST) (deployed to the Black Sea as of April 2021)
** ''Aleksandr Shabalin'' (110) (Ropucha class LST)
** ''Korolev'' (130) (Ropucha class LST)(deployed to the Black Sea as of April 2021)
** ''Evgeniy Kocheshkov'' (770) (Zubr-class LCAC
** ''Mordoviya'' (782) (Zubr-class LCAC
* Other ''Landing Craft''
** 3 Dyugon-class landing craft
** 2 Ondatra-class landing craft
** 1 Serna-class landing craft
Leningrad Naval Base
* 123rd Submarine Brigade
** 1 Kilo-class submarine
(''Dmitrov'' reported assigned to the Baltic Fleet as of 2020
* 105th Naval Region Protection Brigade
** 144th Tactical Group (Kronshtadt) ex 109th ASW ships div
*** 308 MPK 99 ''Zelenodolsk'' (Parchim-class corvette
*** 304 MPK 192 ''Urengoy'' (Parchim-class corvette
*** 311 MPK 205 ''Kazanets'' (Parchim-class corvette
; vessel damaged in September 2020 as a result of collision with Swiss reefer in Oresund Strait).
** 145th Tactical Group (Kronshtadt) ex-22nd Red Banner Minesweeper Battalion
*** BT 115 (561) (''Sonya''-class
*** PDKA 89 PDKA 910 RChT 702 (353) RChT 61 (324) RT 57 (316) RT 248 (348)
Baltyysk Naval Base
* 64th Maritime Region Protection Brigade
** 146th Tactical Group (former 264th Anti-submarine Warfare Battalion, Project 1331)
*** 218 ''MPK-224 Aleksin'' (Parchim-class corvette
); active as of 2021
*** 243 ''MPK-227 Kabardino-Balkaria'' (Parchim-class corvette
); active as of 2021
*** 232 ''MPK-229 Kalmykiya'' (Parchim-class corvette
** 147th, 148th Tactical Groups (former 323rd Minesweeper Division)
*** 3 ''Sonya''-class
minesweepers (BT-212, BT-213 and BT-230)
* 36th Red Banner Order of Nakhimov Missile Ship Brigade
** 2 ''Buyan-M
''-class missile ships (assigned to the Kaliningrad region as of 2016)
*** "Zelenyy Dol" (active)
** 1st Guards Missile Boat Battalion
*** Karakurt-class small missile ships (corvettes)
**** "Mytishchi" (active)
**** "Sovetsk" (active)
**** "Odintsovo" (active)
** 106th Small Missile Ship Battalion – attached from 1 June 1994. (Project 1234)
*** ''Liven'' (551) (Nanuchka-class corvette
*** ''Geyzer'' (555) (Nanuchka-class corvette
*** ''Zyb'' (560) (Nanuchka-class corvette
*** ''Passat'' (570) (Nanuchka-class corvette
* 6 Tarantul-class
corvettes (reported based in Kaliningrad region as of 2018; six units reported as of 2019)
** 2 Project 12411T Molnaya (Tarantul II) vessels (''Kuznetsk'' and ''R-257'')
** 4 Project 12411 Molnaya-M (Tarantul III) vessels (''Chuvashiya'', ''Zarechnyy'', ''Dimitrovgrad'' and ''Morshansk'')
''Mine Countermeasures Ships''
* 6 Lida-class minesweepers
* 1 Alexandrit-class minesweeper
** "Alexander Obukhov" (507)
* 1 Grachonok-class anti-saboteur ship
'' Intelligence Vessels''
* 2 Alpinist-class vessels
* 2 Vishnya-class intelligence ship
** ''Fedor Golovin''
** ''Vasiliy Tatishchev''
* Baklan-class intelligence ship ''KSV-2168''
: 2 vessels (''Elnya'' and ''Kola''; Kola deployed to the Mediterranean and Indian Ocean early 2021 in support of corvette ''Stoikiy''
Aviation and Air Defence Forces
* 132nd Mixed Aviation Division: (HQ: Kaliningrad)
(Information on fixed-wing fighter units updated to October 2019; helicopter/transport aircraft data may be older unless indicated)
** 4th Separate Naval Attack Aviation Regiment (regiment re-established starting 2017): Two Squadrons (with Su-24
SM - with Kh-61 anti-ship missile
** 689th Independent Fighter Aviation Regiment – Kaliningrad Chkalovsk
Two Squadrons: operating Su-27
(to re-equip with Su-35
** 125th Independent Helicopter Squadron – HQ at Chkalovsk – operating Mi-8
(this was the former 288th Independent Helicopter Regt of the 11th Guards Army and used to be at Nivenskoye
** 396th Independent Shipborne Anti-Submarine Helicopter Squadron – Donskoye Air Base
; (Ka-27M model ASW helicopters reportedly added October 2018.
** 398th Independent Air Transport Squadron – HQ at Khrabrovo
Russian Baltic Fleet Naval Infantry Forces
* 44th Air Defence Division
** 183rd Guards Air Defence Missile Regiment (Two battalions with S-300P
SAMs; four battalions with S-400
SAMs; six Pantsir
-S1 SAM systems), in Gvardeysk
** 1545th Air Defence Missile Regiment (Two battalions with S-400
SAMs), in Znamensk
(both 183rd and 1545th Air Defence Regiments were equipped with S-400 SAM systems starting in 2019.
Baltic Fleet Coastal Forces
* 11th Army Corps (in Kaliningrad)
** 18th Guards Motorized Rifle Division
: formed in December 2020 and incorporating existing (as well as potentially new) regiments. As of 2020 ground combat units deployed within the 11th Corps include:
*** 79th Independent Guards Motorized Rifle Brigade (Gusev, Kaliningrad Oblast
*** 7th Independent Guards Motorized Rifle Regiment
*** 11th Independent Tank Regiment (Gusev, Kaliningrad Oblast
) (Military Unit Number
V/Ch (в/ч) 41611) (Equipped with T-72
B Main Battle Tanks (upgrades of T-72s to B3M-standard underway as of 2019/20
*** 75th Motorized Rifle Regiment? (reported forming as of 2021 in Sovetsk
*** 20th Separate Reconnaissance Batallion (forming 2020/21; Orlan-10
UAVs and "Sobolyatnik" and "Fara-VR" reconnaissance radars)
*** 244th Artillery Brigade
/2S7M Malka self-propelled howitzers
with Zoopark-1 counter-battery radars
), in Kaliningrad
*** 22nd Guards Air Defence Missile Regiment (Tor M1/M2
), in Kaliningrad
** Naval Infantry/Special Forces
*** 336th Guards Naval Infantry Brigade
*** 561st "Maritime Recon Point" (Special Forces battalion - HQ at Parusnoye)
*** 69th Guards Naval Engineer Regiment, in Gvardeysk
** Surface-to-Surface Missile Units
*** 152nd Guards Missile Brigade (9K720 Iskander
-M), at Chernyakhovsk Air Base
*** 25th Coastal Defence Missile Brigade (BAL-E
), at Donskoye Air Base
** 299th Training Center of Coastal Forces, in Gvardeysk
** 561st Reconnaissance Center, in Parusnoye
** 742nd Communication Center, in Kaliningrad
** 841st Independent Electronic Warfare Center, in Yantarny
** 313th Special Detachment of Anti-Sabotage Forces and Means, in Baltiysk
** 473rd Special Detachment of Anti-Sabotage Forces and Means, in Kronstadt
* Baltic Fleet electoral district (Russian Constituent Assembly election, 1917)
* Richard Connaughton
, 1988, 1991, 2003. "Rising Sun and Tumbling Bear: Russia's War With Japan". Cassell. .
* Jürgen Rohwer
and Mikhail S. Monakov, ''Stalin's Ocean Going Fleet – Soviet Naval Strategy and Shipbuilding Programmes: 1935–1953'', Frank Cass
, 2001, .
* Gunnar Åselius, ''The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Navy in the Baltic, 1921–41'', Routledge (UK), 2005, .
Baltic Fleet – Morskoyo Flota ( Naval Force) – Russian and Soviet Nuclear Forces
* https://russiandefpolicy.com/2020/06/02/demobbing-corrigenda/—manning of 11th Army Corps, 2020 calculations
Category:Naval units and formations of the Soviet Union
Category:Military units and formations established in 1702
Category:Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic
Category:History of Tallinn
Category:Military history of Estonia
Category:Military history of the Baltic Sea
Category:Military units and formations awarded the Order of the Red Banner
Category:1702 establishments in Russia