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The Info List - Balfour Declaration Of 1926


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The Balfour Declaration
Balfour Declaration
of 1926, issued by the 1926 Imperial Conference of British Empire
British Empire
leaders in London, was named after Lord President of the Council (and former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom) Arthur Balfour. It declared the United Kingdom and the Dominions to be:

... autonomous Communities within the British Empire, equal in status, in no way subordinate one to another in any aspect of their domestic or external affairs, though united by a common allegiance to the Crown, and freely associated as members of the British Commonwealth of Nations.

The Inter-Imperial Relations Committee, chaired by Balfour, drew up the document preparatory to its unanimous approval by the imperial premiers on 15 November 1926.[1] It was first proposed by South African Prime Minister J. B. M. Hertzog
J. B. M. Hertzog
and Canadian Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King.

Arthur Balfour, Earl of Balfour

The Declaration accepted the growing political and diplomatic independence of the Dominions, in the years after World War I. It also recommended that the governors-general, the representatives of the King who acted for the Crown as de facto head of state in each dominion, should no longer also serve automatically as the representative of the British government in diplomatic relations between the countries. In following years, High Commissioners were gradually appointed, whose duties were soon recognised to be virtually identical to those of an ambassador. The first such British High Commissioner was appointed to Ottawa
Ottawa
in 1928. The conclusions of the imperial premiers conference of 1926 were re-stated by the 1930 conference and incorporated in the Statute of Westminster of December 1931, by which the British parliament renounced any legislative authority over dominion affairs, except as specifically provided in law.

Footnotes[edit]

^ Marshall, Sir Peter (September 2001). "The Balfour Formula and the Evolution of the Commonwealth". The Round Table. 90 (361): 541–53. doi:10.1080/00358530120082823. 

External links[edit]

Transcript of the Declaration

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Key documents of the Commonwealth of Nations

Balfour Declaration
Balfour Declaration
(1926) Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927
Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927
(1927) Statute of Westminster (1931) London Declaration (1949) Singapore Declaration (1971) Lusaka Declaration (1979) Langkawi Declaration (1989) Harare Declaration (1991) Millbrook Action Programme (1995) Edinburgh Declaration (1997) Perth Agreement
Perth Agreement
(2011) Charter of the Commonwealth (2013)

British Empire
British Empire
port

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