Bāgalkot district (/ˈbɑːɡələkoʊteɪ/) is an administrative
district in the Indian state of Karnataka. The district headquarters
is located in the town of Bagalkote. The district is located in
Karnataka and borders Belgaum, Gadag, Koppal, Raichur and
Bijapur. The new
Bagalkote district was carved out of Bijapur in 1997
via Government of
Karnataka directive Notification RD 42 LRD 87 Part
III. The bifurcated
Bagalkote district consists of eight taluks —
Badami, Bagalkote, Bilagi, RabkaviBanhatti, Hunagund, Ilkal,
Jamakhandi and Mudhol.
Badami which is part of
Bagalkote was the capital of the
Chalukyan Empire of South
India under Pulakeshin I, who conquered the
district in 550 CE. Bagalkot's
Badami taluk remained the seat of the
throne of the
Chalukyas from 550 CE — 753 CE, when
Kirtivarman II was overthrown by the Rashtrakutas.
Remnants of Chalukyan art and architecture are important tourist
attractions in Bagalkote. Pattadakallu has many
UNESCO World Heritage
temples built by Vikramaditya II, while Aihole, which lies on the
banks of the Malaprabha River, is an important temple town with over
140 temples belonging to both the early and later
Chalukya times. The
cave temples of
Badami Cave Temples and the
Jain temples of
Rashtrakutas at Lokapura and Bilgi are also famous.
Cottage industries occupy a predominant position in Bagalkote. The
district is popular for its silk and handloom industries.
Malaprabha River and
Krishna River flow through the
district. Koodalasangama lies at the point of confluence of rivers
Krishna and Malaprabha.
Like most districts in India,
Bagalkote is headed by a Deputy
Commissioner, with various Tahalsidars heading individual taluks in
The Samadhi of 12th-century social reformist Basavanna, known for his
crusade against caste exploitation, is located in Koodalasangama, a
town in the taluk of Hungund.
10 Civic administration
14 External links
Stone inscriptions identify Bagadige as the ancient name of Bagalkote.
According to legend, the area was gifted by the mythological Rāvana,
Lanka to his musicians. Other taluks in
Bagalkote also have
mythological origins. Badami, formerly known as Vatapi, was named
after an asura king who, according to the Mahābhārata, ruled the
area along with his brother Ilvala. Legend has it that both asuras
were vanquished by the sage Agasthya. The northwestern taluk of
Jamkhandi derives its name from the
Chalukya temple dedicated to
Jambukeshwara, a form of the
Hindu deity Shiva. The town of Aihole,
formerly the capital of the
Chalukyan Empire of
previously known as Ayyavole and Aryapura meaning Noble city. The
western taluk of
Mudhol was traditionally known as Muduvollal —
literally translating into lovely town. The ancient town of Pattadakal
was previously known as Raktapura – red town and later as Pattadakal
The Greek astronomer
Ptolemy previously identified many towns in the
district of Bagalkote.
Pattadakal was referred to as Petrigal, while
Badami was known as Badiamaioi.
In inscriptions, the old name of the town was quoted as Bagadage under
the Chalukyas. Between 1664 and 1755 this territory was under the
Savanur Nawab from whom it was annexed by the Peshwa, Balajirao.
During 1778, Haider Ali took possession of Bagalkote. Later held by
Savnur Nawab. It fell into the hands of Marathas in 1792. In 1800, the
provincial manager, Anandarao Bhikaji belonging to the Ratia family
Bagalkote built a palace. In 1810,
Peshwa Bajirao II gave
the area to Nilakantharao Sarsubedar who held
Bagalkote Fort supported
by a garrison till Gen. Munro occupied it in 1818. The place was a
noted centre of freedom movement and also of unification movement. The
place is on the banks of the Ghataprabha River. The place has a cement
factory and is a centre of trade in cotton and groundnut.
Bagalkot district is divided into nine taluks; each taluk is further
subdivided into hoblies and villages and habitations. There are 21
hoblies in the district:
Badami taluk: Badami, Kerur, Guledgudda, Kulageri
Bagalkote taluk: Bagalkot, Kaladgi, Sitimani, Navanagar, Neelanagar
Bilgi taluk: Anagwadi, Bilgi
Hungund taluk: Ilkal, Amingad, Hungund, Karadi
Jamkhandi taluk: Jamkhandi, Savalagi, Rabkavi, Banahatti, Terdal
Mudhol taluk: Lokapur, Mudhol, Mahalingpur
Middle Palaeolithic localities have been discovered in the
Kalagdi basin of the district. The discovery of settlements in the
Lakhamapura near the Malaprabha valley yielded the
identification of quartzitic artefacts such as handaxes and
cleavers. A pre-Chalukyan brick temple was discovered at the
foothills of Bachinagudda, in Pattadakal, where an idol depicting the
bust of Chaturmukha
Shiva was discovered. Evidence of megalithic
habitation was also discovered at the foothills of Bachinagudda, as
were Marahathi and
Satavahana coins of a later period.
Chalukyan sculpture of
Shiva in cave temple no. 1
The first documented evidence of the existence of
dates back to the 2nd century CE, when the taluks of Badami, Indi and
Kalkeri were mentioned in the works of the Greek astronomer Ptolemy.
In the 6th century CE, the
Chalukya rulers ruled over much of
present South India. The Chalukyan king
Pulakeshin I established
Bagalkote as his administrative headquarters; the district retained
its prominent status until the Chalukyan empire was sacked by the
Rashtrakutas in 753 CE. The Chinese explorer Hieun-Tsang visited
Badami and described the people as "tall, proud,...brave and
exceedingly chivalrous". He estimated the kingdom to be
approximately 1,200 mi in circumference.
The period of rule of the
Chalukyas of Badami, whose kingdom stretched
Maharashtra and Gujarat, was a highlight of
Pulakeshin II further consolidated
the empire by battling with the Kadambas, Gangas, Mauryas of the
Konkan, Gurjaras and Emperor Harshavardhana, whom he vanquished on the
banks of the Narmada river Accounts of war were inscribed on stone
structures in the town of Aihole, now located in the taluk of Hungund.
The Kalyani Chalukyas, descendants of the
Badami Chalukyas, conquered
the area before the dawn of the 10th century CE. Their rule was
interspersed with wars against the Cholas and Hoysalas. The Kalyani
Chalukyas moved their capital from
Badami to Kalyani, in the present
day district of Bidar. Akkadevi, sister of the Kalyani Chalukya
Jayasimha II ruled in the area for more than 40 years from 1024 CE.
During the course of her rule of the area, then known as Kisukadu,
seventy villages from
Bagalkot district were added to her
Chola king Vīrarajendra seized the area by
Someshvara I at Koodalasangama. By the 11th century CE, all
Bagalkote fell into the dominion of the Hoysala
Empire, first consolidated by Veera Ballala and later subordinated to
the Sinda kings.
The Yadavas of Deogiri annexed
Bagalkote in 1190 CE and ruled until
approximately the thirteenth century. The Deccan invasion by the
Muslim Khalji dynasty, led by
Ala ud din Khalji
Ala ud din Khalji in 1294 brought an end
to the rule of the Yadavas. In the 14th century, much of this
territory was overrun by Muhammad Taghlaq. That the Taghlaqs were
undisputed overlords of this territory cannot be established since
Harihara, first king of the
Vijayanagara Empire, is supposed to have
possessed territories as far north as
Kaladgi in 1340 and because a
fort was built under permission from
Badami during that
period. In the late 15th century, the
Adil Shahi dynasty founded by
Yusuf Adil Shah established an independent state with Bijapur as its
capital. It is from this time that Bagalkot's history is homogeneous
to that of Bijapur's. In 1818, after having lost their kingdom to the
Maratha Peshwas of Satara were crowned underlords of the
kingdom. With the failing of their brief reign which ended in 1948,
the district passed into the hands of the
British Raj and was
incorporated into the dominion of the Bombay Presidency.
India gained independence from the British in 1947; thereafter, the
States Reorganisation Act
States Reorganisation Act of 1956 allowed for the creation of a Mysore
Karnataka in 1971, and for Bijapur (and therefore
Bagalkot) to be included in its dominion. A separate district of
Bagalkot was carved out from the existing Bijapur district in 1997.
According to the 2011 census of the district, the towns of Bagalkote
Badami each had a population of over 100,000.
Kannada is the
primary language in the district. Approximately 88% of the district's
population is Hindu, while 11% is Muslim.
Badami Cave Temples
Vaishnava Cave temple No. 3 at Badami, 578 CE
Vishnu image in Cave temple No. 3
Badami taluk remained the seat of the throne of the
Chalukyas from 550
CE - 753 CE, till
Kirtivarman II was overthrown by the
Pattadakal has many
UNESCO World Heritage temples built by
Mallikarjuna temple and Kashi Vishwanatha temple at Pattadakal, North
Mallikarjuna temple is in dravidian style while Kashi Vishwanatha
temple is in nagara style at Pattadakal, built around 740 CE.
Aihole, which lies on the banks of the Malaprabha River, is an
important temple town with over 140 temples belonging to both the
early and later
Durga temple at Aihole
Kudalasangama, where Basavanna's samadhi is located.
The 12th-century social reformist Basavanna, known for his crusade
against caste exploitation, was born in Basavana Bagewadi.
Mahakuta group of temples
The Mahakuteshwara temple dedicated to Shiva, is built in the
Naganath Temple, located in a forest on the way to Mahakuta, is one of
Chalukya temples dedicated to Shiva.
Mahakuta, once the epicenter of shaiva cult, is a beautiful place
surrounded by hills.
Mahakutesvara temple and Sangamesvara temple, Mahakuta
Banashankari Amma Temple
Here, an annual fair and festival is held during January &
The temple in Banashankari is dedicated to Banashankari or Shakambari,
a form of Parvati. It is located at Cholachagud, popularly called
Mudhol is the birthplace of poet Kavi Chakravarti Ranna.
Mudhol was one of the 9-gun princely states of British India.
Mudhol is famous for a breed of dog known as the
Bagalkot district (shaded) is situated towards north in the Indian
state of Karnataka.
The district of
Bagalkot is situated entirely on the North Karnataka
Plateau, which is part of the larger Deccan Plateau. Located in
Bagalkot is surrounded by Belgaum
the west, Bijapur
District and Gulbarga
District to the north and
District to the east and Koppal District, Gadag
District and Dharwad
District to the south-east, south and south-west
respectively. It is positioned at 16°12′N 75°45′E /
16.200°N 75.750°E / 16.200; 75.750 and covers an area of
Bagalkot district has seven taluks — Bagalkot,
Badami, Hunagunda, Mudhol, Jamkhandi, Bilgi, and Mahalingpur. The
average elevation in this area reaches approximately 610 m. The
climate is warm and dry throughout the year and rainfall is scarce.
Bagalkot district receives the lowest rainfall annually in Karnataka.
The average rainfall in the region is approximately 318 mm
annually. The months of September and December account for about
52% of the total annual rainfall.
Bagalkot is devoid of large canopy tree vegetation; the region is
semi-arid. The Krishna River,
Ghataprabha River and Malaprabha River
flow through the region but are non perennial. Soil in the area can be
categorised as either the majority black or minority red. Black
soil retains moisture and is often used for the cultivation of cotton.
Rabi and jowar are primarily cultivated in Bagalkot, as are groundnut,
cotton, maize, bajra, wheat, sugarcane and tobacco. The district
is also rich in mineral wealth. The village of Kaladgi, located
24 km from the town of Bagalkot, harbours copper.
Iron ore also
exists in the southern part of the district. Like much of Karnataka,
the gneiss is the most common rock family. Common rock types in the
region include greenstone, quartzite, sandstone and limestone. The dry
climate makes the region susceptible to drought and crop failure.
Bagalkot has not been affected by major seismic activity due to it
being located in the stable Zone II.
According to the 2011 census
Bagalkot district has a population of
1,890,826, roughly equal to the nation of Lesotho or the US
state of West Virginia. This gives it a ranking of 249th in India
(out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of
288 inhabitants per square kilometre (750/sq mi) . Its
population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 14.46%.
Bagalkot has a sex ratio of 984 females for every 1000 males, and
a literacy rate of 69.39%.
Bagalkot is the second largest district in the
Belgaum Division and
the 15th most populous district in Karnataka. With over 1,651,892
inhabitants (of which 28.97% were urban),
Bagalkot accounts for
over 18% of the total population of the Belgaum Division.
6 taluks, comprising a total of 18 hoblies and 627 villages. Of the 6
taluks, two are categorised as "More Backward Taluk" and one as "Most
Backward Taluk". The district has 163 Gram Panchayats and 12 urban
agglomerations. Bagalkot, with a decadal growth rate of about 19% is
one of the ten fastest growing districts in Karnataka. Over 86% of the
population in the district is Hindu, while 11% of the population is
Muslim. Jains account for a little over 1% of the population, while
Christians account for 0.17%.
Scheduled Castes and Tribes
Scheduled Castes and Tribes constitute
about 17% of the total population. Communal tensions are fairly
uncommon in Bagalkot.
Kannada, the state language of Karnataka, is the most widely spoken
language in the district. The literacy rate of the district is 57.3%,
higher than national levels (52%) but lower than the mean literacy
rate of the state (66.6%).
Bagalkot ranks 22nd out of the 27 districts
Karnataka for adult literacy. The population density of
approximately 251 persons per square kilometer. Housing conditions in
the district were identified as above average, per India's 2001
national census. About 96% of the houses surveyed were recorded as
either "Good" or "Livable".
Mass media (radio, transistor, television)
penetration was about 67%.
Primary workers constitute about 43% of the district's population. Of
these, 65% work in agriculture related activities. The sex ratio of
the district is 980 per 1000 males, considerably higher than the
national average — 927. The district's Net Domestic Income is
US$ 5.8 billion. The per capita income of the district is about
Bagalkote has many famous educational institutions, including
Basaveshwara Vidya Vardhaka Sangha and Sakri Sangha. Many colleges are
affiliated with Rani Channamma University, Belgaum, Visvesvaraya
Technological University, Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences,
Basaveshvara Engineering College (BEC) was established in
1963. S Nijalingappa Medical College, HSK (Hanagal Shree Kumareshwar)
Hospital and Research Centre,
Bagalkote is affiliated with Rajiv
Gandhi University of Health Sciences.
The University of Horticultural Sciences (UHS) is headquartered in
Bagalkote with its constituent colleges spread across the
For list of schools in Bagalkot: [www.nammabagalkot.in]
Bagalkot houses the Krishi Vignan Kendra
Agriculture is the largest employer in Bagalkot, with over 65% of the
working population engaged in it; approximately 80% of female workers
Bagalkot are engaged in agriculture. Like most of north Karnataka,
Bagalkot is very rich in black soil which is conducive to the
cultivation of cotton. Bagalkot's economy was valued at US$5.6
billion, making it the 12th largest economy in Karnataka. The
approximate per capital income is US$360. The chief crops cultivated
are rabi and jowar, as well as groundnut, cotton, maize, bajra, wheat,
sugarcane and tobacco.
Jowar is largely cultivated because it can be
grown during rainy seasons as well as during the winters. The crop
also is the chief supply of food for the people.
Pulses are also grown
in the region, primarily tuvar daal, gram, kulith and mūng daal.
Castor oil, linseed and sesamum are also grown in Bagalkot. Water
supply for irrigation includes reservoirs such as the Kendur
reservoir, which is six miles from
Badami and the Muchkundi reservoir,
which is 4 miles from Bagalkot.
Famine due to lack of adequate rains
is quite common in Bagalkot. A famine that struck the region in 1901
inflicted considerable financial loss to the agricultural industry in
Bagalkot. The district has the fifth highest farmer suicide rate in
Karnataka. Efficient water management techniques and government
sops have only marginally mitigated the repercussions of the drought
A sizable proportion of the population also consists of weavers. The
chief manufactures are cotton and silk cloths. Large quantities of
cotton yarn are also dyed and exported to other parts of the state and
country. Most of the immigrants in the district are either money
lenders or cloth merchants.
In September 1901 a famine swept through the district, particularly
affecting Indi, Sindgi and
The focus sectors include:
Silk and handloom industries
It is one of the two handloom units(other is Dharwad) in
where woven khadi is obtained and transported to
Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha based in Hubli (which is the only licensed
flag production and supply unit in India).Flag of India. Many new
industries are planning to begin in Bagalkot. New cement industries
have been registered and are waiting for the permission to begin.
There are other small-scale industries like
Cement Pipe Industry which
produce cement pipes, Bangle Industries which produce bangles, Match
Stick Industries, Agarbatti Industries, Plastic Bag Industries etc. in
Bagalkot. At the outskirts of
Bagalkot city there are many small-scale
industries set up. These come under the Vidyagiri area of Bagalkot
city, which is the latest extension of the city. Small-scale
industries like Ceramic Tile Industry, tyre industry, Stone Cutting
And polishing Industry, milk Dairy etc. are running successfully. At
Gaddanakeri there are many limestone industries and brick industries.
The limestone industries produce lime for whitewash and painting. The
brick industries produce bricks required for the construction of
houses. There are local oil industries and oil refineries which
produce oil from groundnuts, sunflower, sesamum orientale, cotton etc.
A brief overview of the industrial growth of
Bagalkot is here
Bagalkote district officials
Shri K G SHANTHARAM IAS
Zilla Panchayat CEO
Shri SURALKAR VIKAS KISHORE IAS
Member of Parliament (
Lok Sabha constituency)
P. C. Gaddigoudar (BJP)
The Zilla Panchayat office was completed in 2005 and is situated
outside the town. The building houses the offices of the Deputy
Commissioner and the Chief Executive Officer
The Deputy Commissioner is the head of the administration of the
district of Bagalkot. The Deputy Commissioners office provides
municipal services to the district, collects census information,
enforces judicial precedents, administers local elections and collects
revenue. Tahalsidars assist the Deputy Commissioner in administrative
matters at the taluk level — each taluk has one Tahalsidar. Rural
areas of each taluk are administered by a locally elected Zilla
Panchayat, headed by a
Chief Executive Officer
Chief Executive Officer (CEO). The Zilla
Panchayat is charged with rural development schemes related to
irrigation, water supply, road and infrastructural facilities.
Bagalkot district contributes one
Member of Parliament (MP) to India's
Lok Sabha. The district also contributes seven Members of Legislative
Assembly (MLA)s to Karnataka's Vidhan Sabha, one from each taluk.
Karnataka is one of only five states in the Indian union with an
Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council).
contributes four Members of
Legislative Council (MLC)s to the Vidhan
Bagalkot district's Zilla Panchayat body consists of 26 members. Of
these, a president and vice president of the Zilla Panchayat are also
elected. In addition, five standing committees consisting of Zilla
Panchayat members numbering no more than seven are elected. The five
standing committees include Planning and Finance, General standing,
Agriculture and Industry, Education and Health and Social Justice.
Karnataka dialect of
Kannada is primarily spoken in the
Kannada itself is classified as a Dravidian language. The
ethnologue identifies Bijapur
Kannada as the closest dialect to the
particular dialect of Bagalkot. The traditional cuisine of the
district is typical of the North
Karnataka cuisine of the region.
Jowar-based foods such as
Bhakri are popular. Other forms of Indian
bread made out of jowar are also common and are referred to as jolada
rotti. As with most North
Karnataka districts, Jhunka, a garbanzo
bean-based dish, is very popular and is usually eaten with Bhakri; the
combination of these two dishes is referred to as
Though not grown extensively in the district, rice, as in all of South
India, is part of the staple diet and is imported from other parts of
the state and region.
Lentil and pulse-based broths are common. Ilkal
Bagalkot district is famous for the
Ilkal sarees manufactured
The Chalukyan kingdoms of old have left an omnipotent presence in the
district of Bagalkot. Several
Hindu temples built by the Chalukyas
exist in the town of Badami. Three cave-temple complexes constructed
by the Chalukyan king
Mangalesha (597–609 CE) exist within the
Badami at the
Badami Cave Temples. Of the cave-temples at
this site, three are Brahmanical while one is Jain. The
previously used by the
Chalukyas as well as by
Tipu Sultan also
contains a prominent but now dilapidated Dravidian tower. Aihole, the
former capital of the Chalukyan empire, is a popular destination for
Chalukyan and pre-Chalukyan art and architecture.
a group of ten major temples surrounded by minor shrines and plinths
each depicting the architecture of the
Chalukyas of Kalyani. The
India sanctioned a pilgrim centre in the town of
Koodalasangama in honour of the social reformist Basavanna. Prasanna
Venkata Dasa, widely regarded as the founder of
Carnatic music and
prominent member of the Bhakti Movement, lived in
composed his music in Kannada.
Taluk is known for Amingad karadantu, a sweet
^ "A Handwork of
Karnataka - Administration" (PDF). Government of
Karnataka. pp. 354, 355. Archived from the original (pdf) on 8
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July 2012 at the Wayback Machine.. 2006. Antiquity. March 2003
^ "Recent Discoveries". 2006. Archaeological Survey of India.
Government of India.
^ a b "Bijapur District"
^ Arthikaje. "The
Chalukyas of Badami". 2006. Ourkarnataka.com.
^ Sewell, Robert. "A Forgotten Empire: Vijayanagar; A Contribution to
the History of India". 2006. Blackmask.com. 2001
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Indian Legislation. Government of India. 2005
^ "Environmental Analysis Study". 2006. Department of Rural
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^ "Karnataka: Situation Analysis and Literature Review". 2006. Ford
Foundation. October 2002
^ a b c d e f "
Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011.
^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population".
^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S.
Census Bureau. Archived from
the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 2011-09-30. West Virginia
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 January 2010.
^ "Burdened by debt". 2006. The Hindu. The
Hindu Group. 14 Sep. 2003
^ Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. "
Ethnologue report for language code:kan".
2006. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. SIL International. 2005
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Karnataka Budget: 08/02/2013-14
Karnataka Chief Minister Shri.
Jagadish Shettar announces creation of 43 new Taluks Rs Two Crore will
be provided to each of
Taluk funds for creating infrastructure in them
Banahatti is new
Taluk created as on dated 08/02/2013.
Karnataka Hon'ble Chief Minister Jagadish shettar today
announced Formation of new Taluks Rabakavi-Banahatti, Ilakal&