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Badami, formerly known as Vatapi, is a town and headquarters of a taluk by the same name, in the Bagalkot district
Bagalkot district
of Karnataka, India. It was the regal capital of the Badami Chalukyas
Badami Chalukyas
from 540 to 757 AD. It is famous for its rock cut structural temples. It is located in a ravine at the foot of a rugged, red sandstone outcrop that surrounds Agastya lake. Badami
Badami
has been selected as one of the heritage cities for HRIDAY - Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana scheme of Government of India.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Pre-historic 1.2 Historic 1.3 Inscriptions

2 Sites 3 Taluka 4 Culture 5 Geography

5.1 Climate

6 Economy 7 Government 8 Transport 9 Demographics 10 Climbing 11 Movies shot in Badami 12 See also 13 References 14 External links 15 Gallery

History[edit] Main articles: Chalukya dynasty
Chalukya dynasty
and Badami
Badami
Chalukya
Chalukya
Architecture

Dravidian architecture - Badami
Badami
Chalukyas Hindu temple
Hindu temple
architecture - Badami
Badami
Chalukya
Chalukya
architecture Political history of medieval Karnataka
Karnataka
- Badami
Badami
Chalukyas Architecture of Karnataka
Karnataka
- Badami
Badami
Chalukya
Chalukya
architecture Chalukyas
Chalukyas
of Badami

Extent of Badami Chalukyas
Badami Chalukyas
Empire, 636 CE, 740 CE

Pre-historic[edit] Badami
Badami
region was settled in pre-historic times, as evidence by megalithic dolmens.[1] Hiregudda,[2][3] Historic[edit]

Mythology

The Puranas state the wicked asura Vatapi was killed by sage Agastya, and it refers to this area as Vatapi and Agastya Tirtha. In the Ramayana, Agastya and Lopamudra are described as living in Dandaka forest, on the southern slopes of Vindhya mountains. Rama praises Agastya as the one who can do what gods find impossible. He is described as the sage who used his Dharma
Dharma
powers to kill demons Vatapi and Ilwala after they had jointly misled and destroyed 9,000 men.[4] In the Mahabharata, sage Agastya is described in the epic as a sage with enormous powers of ingestion and digestion. To kill men, asura Vatapi used to become a goat and his brother Ilvala would cook him. Then, Vatapi would recollect in the stomach and tear himself out from the inside of the victim, killing the victim. When Agastya arrives, Ilvala offers the goat again. He kills Vatapi by digesting the meal as soon as he ate, giving Vatapi no time to self organize.[5] Agastya, in the legends of Mahabharata, kills the demons Vatapi and Ilvala much the same mythical way as in the Ramayana.[6]

Kingdoms

Badami Chalukyas
Badami Chalukyas
was founded in 540 AD by Pulakeshin I (535-566 AD), an early ruler of the Chalukyas
Chalukyas
is generally regarded as the founder of the Early Chalukya
Chalukya
line. An inscription record of this king engraved on a boulder in Badami
Badami
records the fortification of the hill above "Vatapi" in 544. Pulakeshin's choice of this location for his capital was no doubt dedicated by strategic considerations since Badami
Badami
is protected on three sides by rugged sandstone cliffs. His sons Kirtivarman I (567-598 AD) and his brother Mangalesha (598-610 AD) constructed the cave temples. Kirtivarman I strengthened Vatapi and had three sons Pulakeshin II, Vishnuvardhana and Buddhavarasa, who at his death were minors, thus making them ineligible to rule, so Kirtivarman I's brother Mangalesha took the throne and tried to establish rule, only to be killed by Pulakeshin II
Pulakeshin II
who ruled between 610 A.D to 642 A.D.[7] Vatapi was the capital of the Early Chalukyas, who ruled much of Karnataka, Maharashtra, parts of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
and Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
between the 6th and 8th centuries. The greatest among them was Pulakeshin II
Pulakeshin II
(610-642 AD) who defeated many kings including the Pallavas of Kanchipuram.[citation needed]

Old Kannada
Kannada
inscription of Chalukya
Chalukya
King Mangalesha dated 578 CE at Badami
Badami
cave temple no.3

The rock-cut Badami Cave Temples
Badami Cave Temples
were sculpted mostly between the 6th and 8th centuries.[8] Inscriptions[edit] Main article: Kappe Arabhatta Badami
Badami
has eighteen inscriptions, among them some inscriptions are important. The first Sanskrit inscription in old Kannada
Kannada
script, on a hillock dates back to 543 CE, from the period of Pulakeshin I (Vallabheswara), the second is the 578 CE cave inscription of Mangalesha in Kannada
Kannada
language and script and the third is the Kappe Arabhatta records, the earliest available Kannada
Kannada
poetry in tripadi (three line) metre.[9][10][11] one inscription near the Bhuthanatha temple also has inscriptions dating back to the 12th century in Jain rock-cut temple dedicated to the Tirtankara Adinatha. Sites[edit] Main articles: Badami cave temples
Badami cave temples
and Bhutanatha group

Historic sites in Badami, Karnataka

Agastya lake 

Bhutanatha group
Bhutanatha group
of temples facing the Badami
Badami
tank 

Vishnu seated on Adishesha 

Brahma on Hamsa in Cave 3 ceiling 

Bahubali in cave 4 

Jain Parshvanath in cave 4 

Vishnu, Shiva and Brahma in a small rock carving monument 

Yellamma temple at Badami, early phase construction, 11th century 

Mosque in Badami 

Taluka[edit] The Badami
Badami
Taluka has thirty-four panchayat villages:[12]

Adagal Anawal Belur Cholachagudda Fakirbhudihal Haldur Halkurki Hansanur Hebbali

Hosur Huligeri Hullikeri Jalihal Jamankatti Kaknur Katageri Kataraki Kelavadi

Khanapur S.K. Kittali Kotikal Layadgundi Mamtageri Mangalore Mustigeri Mutalgeri Nagaral S.P.

Nandikeshwar Neelgund Neeralkeri Neerbhudihal Parvati Pattadkal Sulikeri

Culture[edit] The main language is Kannada. The local population wears traditional Indian cotton wear. Geography[edit] Badami
Badami
is located at 15°55′N 75°41′E / 15.92°N 75.68°E / 15.92; 75.68.[13] It has an average elevation of 586 metres (1922 ft). It is located at the mouth of a ravine between two rocky hills and surrounds Agastya tirtha water reservoir on the three other sides. The total area of the town is 10.3 square kilometers. It is located 30 kilometers from Bagalkot,128 kilometers from Bijapur, 132 kilometers from Hubli, 46 kilometers from Aihole, another ancient town, and 589 kilometers from Bangalore,[14] the state capital. Climate[edit]

Summer - March to June Spring - Jan to March Monsoons - July to October that contributes to rainfall Winter - November to Jan

The temperature ranges from minimum 23 degrees to 45 degrees during summer and from 15 to 29 degrees in winter. The rainfall of the area is 50 centimeters. Best time to visit is between low humid season from November and March. The climate has made it a safe haven for the monkeys of south India. Tourists often flock to Badami
Badami
for the opportunity to see monkeys interact in a natural environment. Economy[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2012)

The main economy is centered around karnataka tourism. Government[edit] It is a town in the Bagalkot
Bagalkot
District in Karnataka
Karnataka
state, India. It is also headquarters of Badami
Badami
Taluk in the district. Transport[edit] The nearest airport is Belgaum
Belgaum
about 150 kilometers away. It is on the Hubli
Hubli
- Sholapur
Sholapur
rail route, and the rail station is 5 kilometers from the town. It is also connected by road to Hubli
Hubli
and Bijapur. Badami
Badami
is reachable from Bengalooru
Bengalooru
by a 12-hour bus ride, or by a direct train " Solapur
Solapur
Gol Gumbaz Exp (train no. 16535)" or with a combination of an overnight train journey from Bangalore
Bangalore
to Hospet
Hospet
followed by a short bus ride from Hospet
Hospet
to Badami. Another train journey could be from Bangalore
Bangalore
to Hubli
Hubli
(8–9 hours) and then a bus ride to Badami
Badami
(3 hours). Badami
Badami
is around 130 km from Hubli. Local transport is by Rickshaws, tongas and city buses. Badami
Badami
is around 135 km from Hospet
Hospet
via NH367 and NH13. A car journey would take around 2 hours and 30 minutes from Hospet
Hospet
to Badami. Go to http://www.badamionline.com/ for information on reaching badami by Road, by Train and by Air. Demographics[edit] As of 2001 India
India
census,[15] Badami
Badami
had a population of 25,851. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Badami
Badami
has an average literacy rate of 64.8%, comparable to the national average of 65%; with 59% of the males and 41% of females literate. 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Panoramic view of Agastya lake, Badami.

Climbing[edit]

Badami
Badami
Cliffs

Bolted routes in the Temple area, Badami

Badami
Badami
Caves

Badami's red sand stone cliffs are popular amongst local and international climbers. This is great location for free sport climbing and bouldering. The cliffs have horizontal crack systems, similar to Gunks. There are over 150 bolted routes and multiple routes for free climbing. Gerhard Schaar,[16] a German Climber and Pranesh Manchaiah, a local climber from Bangalore, were instrumental in setting up the sport routes driving a project called 'Bolts for Bangalore'.[17]National Rock Climbing center, Manager Rajendra Hasabavi in Banshankari Road by General Thimayya National Academy of Adventure, Department of Youth Empowerment and Sports, Govt.of Karnataka
Karnataka
is conducting various rock climbing and Adventure camps for Youth and School Children. Movies shot in Badami[edit] [18]

Guru (2007 film) Shirdi Sai, Shakti, Nagavalli, Brindavanam, Dhamarukam, Daruvu Shivani, Sanju Weds Geetha Mungaru Male Vikramarkudu, Veera Madakari, Rowdy Rathore, Siruthai Bommalattam Vandhaan Vendraan

See also[edit]

Aihole Badami
Badami
Cave Temples Badami
Badami
Chalukya
Chalukya
Architecture Banashankari Amma Temple
Banashankari Amma Temple
at Cholachagudd Chalukya Climbing locations in India

Gadag Indian rock-cut architecture List of State Protected Monuments in Karnataka Lakkundi Mahakuta Sidlaphadi North Karnataka

Pattadakal Pulakeshin II Siege of Badami Sivagamiyin sabadham Sudi Tourism in Karnataka

References[edit]

^ http://www.kamat.com/kalranga/rockpain/2599a.htm ^ http://www.kamat.com/kalranga/rockpain/2599b.htm ^ http://www.kamat.com/kalranga/rockpain/2599c.htm ^ William Buck; B. A. van Nooten; Shirley Triest (2000). Ramayana. University of California Press. pp. 138–139. ISBN 978-0-520-22703-3.  ^ J. A. B. van Buitenen (1981). The Mahabharata, Volume 2: Book 2: The Book of Assembly; Book 3: The Book of the Forest. University of Chicago Press. pp. 187–188. ISBN 978-0-226-84664-4.  ^ J. A. B. van Buitenen (1981). The Mahabharata, Volume 2: Book 2: The Book of Assembly; Book 3: The Book of the Forest. University of Chicago Press. pp. 409–411. ISBN 978-0-226-84664-4.  ^ "Rich slice of history - Badami". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 17 May 2013. Retrieved 2013-05-24.  ^ Rajarajan, R.K.K. (2012). Rock-cut Model Shrines in Early Indian Art. New Delhi: Sharada Publishing House. ISBN 978-81-88934-83-6.  ^ Dr. Suryanath U. Kamath (2001), A Concise History of Karnataka
Karnataka
from pre-historic times to the present, Jupiter books, MCC (Reprinted 2002), p9, p10, 57, p59 OCLC: 7796041 ^ K.V. Ramesh, Chalukyas
Chalukyas
of Vatapi, 1984, Agam Kala Prakashan, p34, p46, p50 ^ Azmathulla Shariff. " Badami
Badami
Chalukyans' magical transformation". Deccan Herald, Spectrum, July 26, 2005. Archived from the original on 7 October 2006. Retrieved 2006-11-10.  ^ "Reports of National Panchayat Directory: Village Panchayat Names of Badami, Bagalkot, Karnataka". Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 13 November 2011.  ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Badami". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2013-02-12.  ^ Railway ticket (Bijapur express) from Bangalore
Bangalore
to Badami ^ " Census
Census
of India
India
2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census
Census
Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.  ^ "Gerhard Schaar Official". gerhardschaar.com. Retrieved 2015-10-15.  ^ "Bolts for Bangalore". Climbing.com. Retrieved 2012-01-15.  ^ Prabhu, Nagesh (26 December 2012). "Favourite destination for the film industry". Chennai, India: The Hindu. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 

Karnataka
Karnataka
State Gazetteer 1983

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Badami.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Badami.

Museum at Badami Romance on the Rocks… Hampi, Badami, Pattadakal, Aihole. Architecture of Indian Subcontinent (under Karnataka) Article on Indian Murals Badami
Badami
art and archearlogy Badami
Badami
temples of Karnataka Bagalkot district
Bagalkot district
info about Badami Photographs of Badami
Badami
and other monuments of Karnataka Photos of historical sites of Badami Rock climbing Badami
Badami
Google map Badami
Badami
and Mahakuta
Mahakuta
are on exactly opposite edges of the hill as shown on Google Maps Ancient carvings discovered in Badami
Badami
cave

Gallery[edit]

Photo Gallery

Badami
Badami
Cliffs

Bolted routes in the Temple area, Badami

Bhutanatha group
Bhutanatha group
of temples facing the Agasythya Tank

Mallikarjuna group of temples

Vishnu image in Cave temple No. 3

Old Kannada
Kannada
inscription of Chalukya
Chalukya
King Mangalesha dated 578 CE at Badami
Badami
cave temple no.3

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Hindu
Hindu
architecture and art glossary

Beginnings (before 400 CE)

Arts, sculpture

Didarganj Yakshi Huvishka Pompeii Lakshmi

Archaeological sites

Mathura Bet Dwarka Kumhrar

Inscriptions

Ayodhya Hathibada Ghosundi Heliodorus pillar Lakulisa Mathura Mora Well Mountain Temple Naneghat Reh Yavanarajya Vasu Doorjamb

Maturity (400-899 CE)

Arts, sculpture

Nataraja

Archaeological sites

Aihole Badami Besnagar Chandraketugarh Sirpur Ujjain

Inscriptions

Gadhwa Stone Gopika Cave Vadathika Cave Mandasor Stone Mandasor Pillar

Temples

400-599 CE

Udayagiri Caves Bhumara Shiva Dashavatara Eran
Eran
Vishnu Nachna Parvati Tigawa
Tigawa
Devi Gop Surya Mandasor Shiva Aihole
Aihole
Group Badami
Badami
Caves Elephanta Caves

600-899 CE

Pattadakal
Pattadakal
Group Bateshwar Madhya Pradesh Teli ka Mandir Chaturbhuj Gwalior Masrur Himachal Lakshana Devi Alampur Telangana

Navabrahma Papanasi

Ellora Caves Somnath Gujarat Dwarka Gujarat Mahabalipuram
Mahabalipuram
Group Sirpur Chhattisgarh Srirangam Meenakshi

Advanced (900-1299 CE)

Archaeological sites

Belur Halebidu Madan Kamdev Somanathapura

Temples

Brihadisvara Thanjavur Brihadisvara Gangaikondacholapuram Airavatesvara Darasuram Chennakeshava Belur Chennakesava Somanathapura Hoysaleswara Halebidu Udupi
Udupi
Krishna Nataraja
Nataraja
Chidambaram Tirupati Modhera Gujarat Khajuraho Jageshwar Uttarkhand Sasbahu Gwalior Konark Sun Jagannath Puri

Revival (1400-1799 CE)

Archaeological sites

Hampi

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Note:

The above list of archaeological sites, inscriptions and temples is grossly incomplete.

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Historical Places in Karnataka

Aihole Amruthapura Aralaguppe Avani Badami Balligavi Banavasi Basaralu Belavadi Belur Bidar Bijapur Chaudayyadanapura Chitradurga Dambal Dharmasthala Gadag Galaganatha Gokarna Halasi Halebidu Hampi Hangal Ikkeri Kanakagiri Karkala Keladi Kittur Kolar Kollur Kukke Subramanya Kuknur Lakkundi Lakshmeshwara Itagi Mahakuta Melkote Moodabidri Mudgal Murudeshwara Mysore Pattadakal Raichur Shivamogga Shravanabelagola Shringeri Somanathapura Sudi Talakad Udupi

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Historical places of Chalukyas

Karnataka

Badami Aihole Pattadakal Mahakuta Sudi Banashankari Lakkundi Dambal Gadag Mahadeva Temple, Itagi Lakshmeshwara Annigeri Kundgol Chaudayyadanapura Galaganatha Hangal Hooli Jalasangvi Basavakalyan Manyakheta Chandramouleshwara Temple
Chandramouleshwara Temple
Unkal Hubli-Dharwad Haveri Kuruvatti

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Elephanta Caves Ajanta cave #1 paintings Sangli Sangli
Sangli
State Hottal near Deglur Kolhapur Latur Dhule Solapur Manapura Mumbai Akola Nanded Hottal in Nanded
Nanded
District Naldurg Aurad Omerga Daitya Sudan temple Shiva temples at Pen Naldurg

Telangana

Bhadrakali Temple in Warangal Someshwara temple in Warangal Thousand Pillar Temple
Thousand Pillar Temple
in Hanamakonda Ramappa Temple
Ramappa Temple
near Warangal Alampur, Mahbubnagar Panagal Bhuvanagiri Fort Kulpakji
Kulpakji
and Jangaon, Warangal

Andhra Pradesh

Chebrolu, Guntur district Eluru Kolletikota Nidumolu Rajahmundry Vengi Terela village in Durgi mandal in Gun

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