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Bačka
Bačka
(Serbian: Бачка / Bačka, pronounced [bâːt͡ʃkaː]; Hungarian: Bácska, pronounced [ˈbaːt͡ʃkɒ]) is a geographical and historical area within the Pannonian Plain
Pannonian Plain
bordered by the river Danube
Danube
to the west and south, and by the river Tisza
Tisza
to the east. It is divided between Serbia
Serbia
and Hungary. Most of the area is located within the Vojvodina
Vojvodina
region in Serbia
Serbia
and Novi Sad, the capital of Vojvodina, lies on the border between Bačka
Bačka
and Syrmia. The smaller northern part of the geographical area is located within Bács-Kiskun
Bács-Kiskun
County, in Hungary.

Contents

1 Name 2 History 3 Geography

3.1 Serbian Bačka 3.2 Hungarian Bácska

4 Demographics

4.1 Serbia 4.2 Hungary

5 Gallery 6 See also 7 Notes 8 Bibliography 9 External links

Name[edit] The name of the region in Serbian is Bačka
Bačka
or Бачка and in Hungarian is Bácska. In other languages of the region, the name is similar: Bačka
Bačka
in Croatian and Bunjevac, Báčka in Slovak, Бачка (Bačka) in Rusyn, and Batschka in German. According to Serbian historians, Bačka
Bačka
is a typical Slavic[1] name form, created from "Bač" (name of historical town in Bačka) and suffix "ka" (which designates "the land that belongs to Bač"). There are many other similar name forms used in Serbian and other Slavic languages[original research?], for example Šajkaška, Srpska, Hrvatska (Croatia), Timočka Krajina, Bugarska (Bulgaria), Polska (Poland), etc. The name of "Bač" (Bács) town itself is of uncertain origin and its existence was recorded among Vlachs, Slavs
Slavs
and Hungarians
Hungarians
in the Middle Ages. The origin of the name could be Paleo-Balkanic,[2] Romanian[citation needed], Slavic,[3] or Old Turkic.[4] According to Hungarian historians, the denominator of the landscape may have been the first bailiff of Bač (Bács) castle, and the name one which can be rendered probable it Old Turkic baya derives from a dignity name.[5][6] In the 17th and 18th century, due to the large number of Serbs
Serbs
who lived in Bačka, this region was called »Raczorszag« (Hungarian name, which means "the Serb country" in English).[7][8] Sometimes, the Hungarians
Hungarians
used name Délvidék ("the southern or lower country") for a wider imprecisely defined geographical area, which, according to 19th century view also included Bačka. However, according to other Hungarian sources, Bačka was rather seen as part of Alföld.[9] History[edit] Through history, Bačka
Bačka
has been a part of Dacia, the Kingdom of the Iazyges, the Hun Empire, the Gepid Kingdom, the Avar Khanate, the First Bulgarian Empire, the Great Moravia, the Kingdom of Hungary, the Serb realm of Jovan Nenad, the Ottoman Empire, the Habsburg Monarchy, the Austrian Empire, Austria-Hungary, the Kingdom of Serbia, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats
Croats
and Slovenes, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Serbia
Serbia
and Montenegro, and since 2006, it has been part of an independent Republic of Serbia. The smaller northern part of the region was part of the short-lived Serb-Hungarian Baranya-Baja Republic (in 1921) and part of independent Hungary
Hungary
since 1921. People have inhabited the region of Bačka
Bačka
since Neolithic
Neolithic
times. Indo-European peoples settled in this region in three migration waves dated in 4200 BC, 3300 BC, and 2800 BC respectively. The earliest historical inhabitants of the region were probably Illyrian tribes. Later, other Indo-European peoples, including Dacians, Celts, Sarmatians
Sarmatians
(Iazyges) and Gepids
Gepids
were recorded as inhabitants of Bačka. Slavs, the ancestors of contemporary Serbs,[10][11][12] settled today's Bačka
Bačka
in the 6th and 7th centuries, before part of them subsequently migrated to the Balkans. In the 9th century the territory of Bačka
Bačka
was part of Bulgarian Empire. Salan, a Bulgarian voivod (duke), was a ruler in this territory and his capital city was Titel. In the early 10th century, Hungarians
Hungarians
defeated Salan, and his duchy came under Hungarian rule.[citation needed]

View of the fortress and the town of Bač

In the 11th century, during the administration of the medieval Kingdom of Hungary, Bacsensis (Bács, Bač) County was formed, with city of Bache (Bács, Bač) as its administrative centre. According to Serbian sources, Ilija Vid, the first known prefect of Bacsensis County was recorded in 1068 and he was an ethnic Serb.[13] In this time, the region was populated by both, Slavs
Slavs
and Hungarians. Serbian historian Dr. Milenko Palić
Palić
also mentions that prefect Vid was an ethnic Serb and that he, together with two other ethnic Serbs
Serbs
whose names were Ilija and Radovan, participated in dynastic struggles in the Kingdom of Hungary, in the end of the 11th century.[14][verification needed] According to Hungarian authors, prefect Vid belonged to the Gutkeled genus,[15][16] but there is a possibility that he was a fictitious person.[16] After the Kingdom of Hungary
Hungary
was defeated by the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
(in 1526), Bačka
Bačka
became (from 1526-27) the central region of an independent Serbian state,[17] which existed in the territory of present-day Vojvodina. The ruler of this state was Emperor Jovan Nenad and his capital city was Subotica. After Jovan Nenad
Jovan Nenad
was killed, his state collapsed and Bačka, for a short time, came again under Hungarian administration. Soon, the region became part of the Ottoman Empire. During the Ottoman rule (in the 16th-17th centuries), Bačka
Bačka
was part of the Sanjak of Segedin (Szeged), and the region was mainly populated with Serbs
Serbs
(who were in an absolute majority[18]) and Muslims. In 1699, the Bačka
Bačka
became a possession of the Habsburg Monarchy. A Bacsensis County was established in the western parts of the region, while some other (mostly eastern) parts of the Bačka
Bačka
were incorporated into the Tisa-Mureş section of Habsburg Military Frontier. After this part of the Military Frontier
Military Frontier
was abolished in 1751, these parts of Bačka
Bačka
were also included into Bacsensis county. The only part of Bačka
Bačka
which remained within the Military Frontier was Šajkaška, but it also came under civil administration in 1873. According to the Austrian censuses from 1715–20, Serbs, Bunjevci, and Šokci
Šokci
comprised most of the region's population (97.6% of population according to 1715-1720 census data[19][20]). There were only 530 or 1.9% Hungarians
Hungarians
and 0.5% Germans.[19] During the 18th century, the Habsburgs carried out an intensive colonisation of the area, which had low population density after the last Ottoman Wars, as much of the Serbian population had been decimated through warfare. Muslim population had almost entirely left or was expelled from the region and some of the Muslim refugees from this area settled in Ottoman Bosnia.[20] The new settlers in Bačka
Bačka
were primarily Serbs who moved from Ottoman Balkans, Hungarians, and Germans. Because many of the Germans
Germans
came from Swabia, they were known as Donauschwaben, or Danube
Danube
Swabians. Some Germans
Germans
also came from Austria, and some from Bavaria
Bavaria
and Alsace. Lutheran
Lutheran
Slovaks, Rusyns, and others were also colonized but to a much smaller extent.[citation needed] There was also an emigration of Serbs
Serbs
from the eastern parts of the region, which belonged to Military Frontier
Military Frontier
until 1751. After the abolition of the Tisa-Mureş section of Military Frontier, many Serbs emigrated from north-eastern parts of Bačka. They moved either to Russia
Russia
(notably to New Serbia
Serbia
and Slavo-Serbia) or to Banat, where the Military Frontier
Military Frontier
was still needed.[citation needed]

Ancient Indo-European peoples in Bačka

Slavs
Slavs
in Bačka
Bačka
in the 6th century

Voivodeship (Duchy) of Bulgarian duke Salan, 9th century

Bach and Bodrogh counties in the 14th century

Serbian empire of Jovan Nenad, 1526–1527

Bačka
Bačka
as part of the Ottoman Sanjak of Segedin in 1568–1571

Military Frontier
Military Frontier
in Bačka
Bačka
in 1699

In 1848 and 1849, Bačka
Bačka
was part of the Serbian Voivodship, a Serbian autonomous region within Austrian Empire, while between 1849 and 1860 it was part of the Voivodship of Serbia
Serbia
and Tamiš Banat, a separate Austrian crown land (the official languages of the voivodship were German and Illyrian, i.e. Serbo-Croatian), the successor of the Serbian Voivodship. After 1860, when Voivodship of Serbia
Serbia
and Tamiš Banat
Banat
was abolished, the Bács-Bodrog
Bács-Bodrog
County was again formed in the territory of Bačka. The county was part of the Kingdom of Hungary, which became one of two autonomous parts of Austria- Hungary
Hungary
in 1867.[citation needed] According to the 1910 census, the population of Bačka
Bačka
numbered 704,563 people and was composed of: 43.2% speakers of Hungarian (310,490), 28.1% speakers of South Slavic (Serbo-Croatian) language and 22.5% speakers of German. Linguistic composition of the region is partially different from ethnic composition since some ethnic Jews and bilingual South Slavs
Slavs
were in this census recorded as speakers of Hungarian language.[citation needed] In early September 1914, several years before the end of the Habsburg Empire, in a town in the West Vojvodina
Vojvodina
Bačka
Bačka
region known as Zombor or Sombor
Sombor
of some 30,000 people, including 12,000 Serb-speakers, popular demonstrations demanded the removal of all shop signs in the Cyrillic alphabet. When an angry mob chased one Serb-speaking shopkeeper to his home for refusing to remove his Cyrillic sign, he responded by shooting at the demonstrators. The local military commander demanded the shopkeeper's immediate extradition, court martialed him and executed him on the spot. The court martial also designated twelve more affluent hostages from among the Serb-speaking population who would be "arrested and immediately executed by the military authorities" in the case of any obstruction or opposition shown by the local [Serb-speaking] population to the military authorities." This would presage the Serb genocide committed in the Independent State of Croatia
Croatia
during most of the Second World War.[21] At the end of October 1918, Austria- Hungary
Hungary
gradually dissolved and, with the Armistice of Villa Giusti
Armistice of Villa Giusti
of 3 November, officially capitulated to the Triple Entente. Following this capitulation, Slavs from Banat, Bačka and Baranja
Banat, Bačka and Baranja
organized a new civil administration in these regions as well as their own military units known as People's Guard (Serbian: Narodna straža). The new civil administration was composed of local People's Boards (Serbian: Narodni odbori), which were subordinated to Serb People's Board (Serbian: Srpski narodni odbor) in Novi Sad. Military units of Serb People's Board also possessed aircraft from the Novi Sad
Novi Sad
Airport. After elections, which were organized between 18 and 24 November, Great People's Assembly of Serbs, Bunjevci
Bunjevci
and other Slavs
Slavs
of Banat, Bačka and Baranja
Banat, Bačka and Baranja
(held on 25 November 1918) proclaimed unification of these regions with the Kingdom of Serbia. New administrative bodies of Banat, Bačka
Bačka
and Baranja (government and parliament) were also formed. Although, government in Belgrade accepted decision of unification with Serbia, it never recognized new provincial government. The provincial administration, however, was active until 12 March 1919, when it held its last session.[22] On 1 December 1918, the Kingdom of Serbia
Serbia
united with the State of Slovenes, Croats
Croats
and Serbs
Serbs
to form new country named the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes. Sovereignty of new kingdom was internationally recognized by the Treaty of Saint Germain in 1919. The Treaty of Trianon
Treaty of Trianon
of 4 June 1920 defined the exact borders between the newly independent Hungary
Hungary
and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats
Croats
and Slovenes (which was later renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia) and original territory of Bačka
Bačka
was divided between these two countries. The northern part of the region was a separate county of Hungary (Bács-Bodrog) with seat in Baja, which was later incorporated into Bács-Kiskun
Bács-Kiskun
county. The southern part of the region was within the District of Novi Sad
Novi Sad
of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes between 1918 and 1922, then was divided between Bačka Oblast
Bačka Oblast
and Belgrade Oblast, provinces (oblasts) of the kingdom, between 1922 and 1929. In 1929, it was incorporated into Danube
Danube
Banovina, which was a province of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.[citation needed] Between 1820 and 1910, Hungarian speaking population in Bačka increased from 121,688 (31.5%) to 363,518 (44.75%). In the same time, percentage of South Slavs
Slavs
decreased from 44% in 1820 to 27% in 1910. 1921 census showed about 40,000 Hungarian speakers less than in census of 1910. This was especially case in Subotica
Subotica
where 1910 census recorded 55.587 speakers of Hungarian and 33,247 speakers of Bunjevac, while census of 1921 recorded 60,700 speakers of Serbo-Croatian
Serbo-Croatian
and 26,750 speakers of Hungarian. This is explained by the fact that ethnic Bunjevci
Bunjevci
from Subotica
Subotica
who had knowledge of Hungarian language were listed as speakers of Hungarian by 1910 census. Between 1921 and 1931 census, number of Hungarian speakers in Bačka
Bačka
increased from 260,998 to 268,711. Slavic population increased by 91,800 inhabitants.[citation needed] In 1941, Yugoslav Bačka
Bačka
was occupied by the Axis powers
Axis powers
and attached to Horthy's Hungary
Hungary
(but was still internationally recognized as part of Yugoslavia). Before this occupation, according to 1931 census, Yugoslav Bačka
Bačka
had 784,896 inhabitants, of whom there were 284,865 Yugoslavs
Yugoslavs
(Serbs, Croats, Bunjevci, Šokci), 268,711 Hungarians
Hungarians
and 169,858 Germans. Hungarian occupation authorities expelled several thousands of Serbs
Serbs
from the region and settled ethnic Hungarians
Hungarians
from other parts of Central Europe in their place, so that the Hungarian census of 1941 recorded different a demographic composition in the region. According to this census, the territory of Bačka
Bačka
had 789,705 inhabitants, of which 45.4% or[clarification needed] 47.2% were speakers of Hungarian language
Hungarian language
(not all of them native, however).[23] During the occupation, Hungarian troops killed about 20,000 Serbs, Jews and Roma.[24] The occupation ended in 1944 and Yugoslav Bačka
Bačka
became part of the new Democratic Federal Yugoslavia (later the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia). Following the defeat of the Axis troops, most of the German population that lived in the area left the region together with German army. The smaller part of the German population (several thousands of people) that did not leave the area (mostly women, children and the elderly) were sent to prison camps, where many of them died of malnutrition and disease. After the war, members of the Yugoslav Partisan army also killed several tens of thousands of inhabitants of German, Hungarian and Serb ethnic origin (in whole of Vojvodina). Estimates about numbers of victims of the Partisans (in whole of Vojvodina) are between 17,000[25] and 56,000[26] killed Germans, between 4,000[24] and 40,000 Hungarians
Hungarians
killed, and about 23,000-24,000 Serbs
Serbs
killed.[25] Together with eastern Syrmia, western Banat, and northern Mačva, Yugoslav Bačka
Bačka
has been part of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina since 1945. After 1992, Yugoslav Bačka
Bačka
was part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (renamed Serbia
Serbia
and Montenegro in 2003), and since 2006 it has been part of the independent Republic of Serbia.

District of Potisje
District of Potisje
and Schajkasch Battalion, 18th-19th century

Bačka
Bačka
within the proclaimed borders of Serbian Voivodship in 1848

Voivodeship of Serbia
Serbia
and Banat
Banat
of Temeschwar (1849-1860)

Banat, Bačka
Bačka
and Syrmia
Syrmia
after 1881, the five counties, which were formed in the territory of the former Voivodeship of Serbia
Serbia
and Banat of Temeschwar

Detailed map of Bács-Bodrog
Bács-Bodrog
County

Banat, Bačka and Baranja
Banat, Bačka and Baranja
in 1918

The Little Bačka
Bačka
Canal, part of the Danube–Tisa– Danube
Danube
Canal system, near the village of Rumenka
Rumenka
in the South Bačka
Bačka
District

Geography[edit] Bačka
Bačka
is a flat, fertile agricultural area within the larger Pannonian Plain, which was once the ancient Pannonian Sea. In Hungary, it is seen as a southern extension of the Great Alfold (itself part of the Pannonian Plain), while this designation is not used in Serbia where region is simply seen as a part of the Pannonian Plain. It lies between the River Danube
Danube
to the west and south, and by the River Tisa (Tisza) to the east of which confluence is located near Titel
Titel
in the South Bačka District
South Bačka District
of Serbia. The region is crisscrossed by parts of the Danube–Tisa– Danube
Danube
Canal system which serves a variety of economic purposes. Almost all of Bačka
Bačka
is divided between Serbia
Serbia
and Hungary. However, there are small uninhabited pockets of the area on the left bank of the Danube
Danube
which are de jure parts of Croatia according to the Badinter Commission; the disputed areas have been under de facto Serbian control since 1991.[citation needed] Most of the territory and a vast majority of the population of Bačka is part of Serbia's Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. This area within Serbia
Serbia
is officially divided into the districts of Southern Bačka, Western Bačka, and Northern Bačka. Novi Sad, the capital of Vojvodina, lies on the border between Bačka
Bačka
and Syrmia, on both banks of the river Danube. In some sources, Serbian part of Bačka
Bačka
is referred to as Central and Southern Bačka
Bačka
(Serbian: Средња и јужна Бачка / Srednja i južna Bačka; Hungarian: Közép- és Dél-Bácska) or simply Southern Bačka
Bačka
(Јужна Бачка / ""Južna Bačka; Dél-Bácska). The smaller part of the region in Hungary's Bács-Kiskun
Bács-Kiskun
County is, by the same sources, described as Northern Bačka
Bačka
(Hungarian: Észak-Bácska; Serbian: Северна Бачка / Severna Bačka). Serbian Bačka[edit]

Bačka
Bačka
region within Vojvodina

Districts in Vojvodina

Map showing cities and towns in Serbian part of Bačka.

The districts of Serbia
Serbia
in Bačka
Bačka
are:

West Bačka North Bačka South Bačka

Note that municipalities of Sremski Karlovci, Petrovaradin, and Beočin
Beočin
and southern part of municipality of Bačka Palanka
Bačka Palanka
that belong to South Bačka District
South Bačka District
are geographically not located in Bačka, but in Syrmia, while municipalities of Ada, Senta
Senta
and Kanjiža which are geographically located in Bačka
Bačka
are part of North Banat District. Geographic or traditional subregions or regions overlapping with Serbian Bačka
Bačka
include Gornji Breg, Podunavlje, Potisje, Šajkaška, Telečka and Paorija. Cities, towns and villages in the Serbian part of Bačka
Bačka
with more than 10,000 inhabitants (with population numbers from 2011 census):

Novi Sad
Novi Sad
(250,439) Subotica
Subotica
(97,910) Sombor
Sombor
(47,623) Bačka Palanka
Bačka Palanka
(28,239) Vrbas (24,112) Bečej
Bečej
(23,895) Temerin
Temerin
(19,661) Senta
Senta
(18,704) Futog
Futog
(18,641) Kula (17,866) Veternik
Veternik
(17,454) Apatin
Apatin
(17,411) Bačka Topola
Bačka Topola
(14,573) Srbobran
Srbobran
(12,009) Kać
Kać
(11,740)

Towns and villages in the Serbian part of Bačka
Bačka
with population between 5,000 and 10,000 inhabitants (with population numbers from 2011 census):

Kanjiža
Kanjiža
(9,871) Ada (9,564) Žabalj
Žabalj
(9,161) Crvenka
Crvenka
(9,001) Odžaci
Odžaci
(8,811) Čurug
Čurug
(8,166) Sivac
Sivac
(7,895) Palić
Palić
(7,771) Bajmok
Bajmok
(7,414) Čantavir
Čantavir
(6,591) Rumenka
Rumenka
(6,495) Bačko Petrovo Selo
Bačko Petrovo Selo
(6,350) Bački Petrovac
Bački Petrovac
(6,155) Mol (6,009) Horgoš
Horgoš
(5,709) Bački Jarak
Bački Jarak
(5,687) Kovilj
Kovilj
(5,414) Bač (5,399) Titel
Titel
(5,294) Bačko Gradište
Bačko Gradište
(5,110) Đurđevo
Đurđevo
(5,092) Kisač
Kisač
(5,091) Stara Moravica
Stara Moravica
(5,051) Kljajićevo
Kljajićevo
(5,045)

Note: Senta, Kanjiža, Ada, Mol and Horgoš
Horgoš
are geographically located in Bačka, but they are part of the North Banat
Banat
District. Also see: List of inhabited places of Vojvodina Hungarian Bácska[edit]

Bács-Kiskun
Bács-Kiskun
County within Hungary

The Hungarian Bácska is mostly located in the Bács-Kiskun
Bács-Kiskun
county of Hungary, while one small part of the region is located in the Baranya county. Subregions in the Hungarian Bácska include (with population numbers):

Bajai (76,906) Bácsalmási (18,578) Jánoshalmai (17,885)

Note that parts of Hungarian Bácska also belong to the subregions of Kiskunhalasi and Mohácsi, although the main parts of those subregions are not located in Bácska. Most important towns in Hungarian Bácska (with population numbers):

Baja (38,143) Jánoshalma
Jánoshalma
(9,866) Bácsalmás
Bácsalmás
(7,694)

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic map of Serbian Bačka
Bačka
(2002 census)

Main article: Demographic history of Bačka Serbia[edit] According to the 2002 Serbian census, the population of the Serbian part of Bačka
Bačka
(in geographical borders) numbers 1,022,524 people and is composed of:[27]

559,700 (54.74%) Serbs 221,882 (21.70%) Hungarians others (including Slovaks, Croats, Bunjevci, Šokci, Rusyns, Montenegrins, Yugoslavs, Romani, Germans, etc.).

Hungary[edit] According to the 2001 census in Hungary, the rough population of the Hungarian Bácska (including districts of Bajai, Bácsalmási, and Jánoshalmai) numbering 113,432 people. [5] Note that administrative borders of the districts do not fully correspond with the geographical borders of Hungarian Bácska. Most of the inhabitants of Hungarian Bácska are ethnic Hungarians. [6] Gallery[edit]

Novi Sad

Subotica

Srbobran

Baja

Gemenc
Gemenc
forest near Baja

Kanjiža

Wheat field near Temerin

See also[edit]

FK Bačka
Bačka
Bačka
Bačka
Palanka Vojvodina North Bačka
Bačka
District West Bačka
Bačka
District South Bačka
Bačka
District Bács-Bodrog Bács-Kiskun Eparchy of Bačka Bačka
Bačka
Oblast Banat, Bačka
Bačka
and Baranja

Notes[edit]

^ Dr Dušan J. Popović, Srbi u Vojvodini, knjiga 1, Novi Sad, 1990, page 40. ^ Milica Grković, Rečnik imena Banjskog, Dečanskog i Prizrenskog vlastelinstva u XIV veku, Beograd, 1986 ^ Dr. Aleksa Ivić, Istorija Srba u Vojvodini, Novi Sad, 1929 ^ A Pallas Nagy Lexikona Archived 11 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine., pallaslexikon.hu; accessed 20 August 2016.(in Hungarian) ^ Lajos Kiss, Földrajzi nevek etimológiai szótára (Etimology Dictionary of Geographical Names), Akadémiai Kiadó, 1978, p. 71 ^ Bálint Ila, József Kovacsics, Veszprém megye helytörténeti lexikona (Cyclopaedia of Local History of Veszprém county), Volume 2, Volume 2, Akadémiai Kiadó, 1988, p. 169 ^ "U XVII i XVIII veku u Bačkoj je već toliko Srba da putnici ovaj kraj nazivaju »Raczorszag«" ^ [1] ^ Bojan Aleksov, Religious Dissent Between the Modern and the National: Nazarenes in Hungary
Hungary
and Serbia
Serbia
1850-1914, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, 2006, p. 56 ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-15.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 2011-03-15.  ^ http://www.uncp.edu/home/rwb/slavs_map.jpg ^ [2] ^ Dr Milenko Palić, Srbi u Mađarskoj - Ugarskoj do 1918, Novi Sad, 1995, page 10. ^ Lajos Horváth, Turul Es Kereszt: Kozerdeku Torteneti Irasok, Szenci Molnár Társaság, 1996, p. 41 ^ a b Imre Dankó, Opuscula ethnographica: válogatott tanulmányok, Alföldi Ny, 1977, pp. 173-76 ^ Veselin P. Dželetović, Poslednji srpski car - Jovan Nenad, Beograd, 2007. ^ [3] ^ a b http://hic.hr/books/seeurope/011e-bognar.htm ^ a b Ethnic Geography of the Hungarian Minorities in the Carpathian Basin - By Károly Kocsis, Eszter Kocsisné Hodosi ^ Judson, Peter M. The Habsburg Empire: A New History (p. 398), Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass./London, England. Copyright © 2016 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College. ISBN 978-0-67404-776-1/LOC 2015036845. ^ Dr Drago Njegovan, Prisajedinjenje Vojvodine Srbiji, Muzej Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 2004. ^ Károly Kocsis, Eszter Kocsisné Hodosi, Ethnic Geography of the Hungarian Minorities in the Carpathian Basin, Simon Publications LLC, 1998, p. 116-153 [4] ^ a b Dimitrije Boarov, Politička istorija Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 2001, page 183. ^ a b http://www.mail-archive.com/sim@antic.org/msg44296.html ^ Nenad Stefanović, Jedan Svet na Dunavu, Beograd, 2003, page 133. ^ Popis stanovništva, domaćinstava i stanova 2002. Knjiga 1: Nacionalna ili etnička pripadnost po naseljima. Republika Srbija, Republički zavod za statistiku Beograd 2003. ISBN 86-84433-07-6

Bibliography[edit]

Fodor, Pál; Dávid, Géza, eds. (2000). Ottomans, Hungarians, and Habsburgs in Central Europe: The Military Confines in the Era of Ottoman Conquest. BRILL.  Ćirković, Sima (2004). The Serbs. Malden: Blackwell Publishing. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bačka.

backabanat.com Stanko Trifunović (1997). "Slovenska naselja V-VIII veka u Bačkoj i Banatu". Novi Sad: Muzej Vojvodine. 

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Geographical regions of Serbia

Azbukovica Bačka Banat Belica Binačko Pomoravlje* Braničevo Deliblatska Peščara Dobrič Drenica* Goljak Gora* Gornje Livade Gornji Breg Gruža Homolje Ibarski Kolašin* Izmornik* Jablanica Jadar Jasenica Kačer Kolubara Komarani Kopaonik Kosanica Kosmaj Kosovo* Kosovo field* Kosovsko Pomoravlje* Kozjačija Kučaj Lepenica Lešnica Levač Ljig Lugomir Lugovi* Lužnica Mačva Malo Kosovo* Metohija* Metohijski Podgor* Mlava Morava Valley Moravac Negotinska Krajina Obica* Opolje* Pančevački Rit Pčinja Pešter Pocerina Podlužje Podrimlje Podrinje Podunavlje Polimlje Pomoravlje Pomorišje Posavina Potisje Prekoruplje* Preševo Valley Prizenski Has* Prizrenski Podgor* Rađevina Rasina Raška Rugovo* Sandžak Šajkaška Sirinićka župa* Šopluk Sredačka župa* Srem Stari Vlah Stig Šumadija Šumadijska Kolubara Svrljig Tamnava Telečka Temnić Timočka Krajina Toplica Užička Crna Gora Valjevska Kolubara Veliki Rit Visok Vlasina Zaglavak Zlatibor

(*) indicates location within Kosovo

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Historical regions of Serbia

Banat Braničevo Ibarski Kolašin Kačer Kosovo field Levač Mačva Metohija Opolje Sirinićka župa Sredačka župa Pomorišje Raška Sandžak Syrmia Šajkaška

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Geographical regions of Hungary

West-Hungarian Borderland

Alpokalja Kőszeg Mountains Sopron Mountains Vas Hills Balfi Hills

Little Hungarian Plain

Hanság Fertőzug Neusiedl Basin Rábaköz Szigetköz Marcali Basin Moson Plain Komárom-Esztergom Plain

Transdanubia

Baranya Zala Hills Inner Somogy Outer Somogy Zselic Völgység Szekszárd Hills Baranya Hills Villány Mountains

Transdanubian Mountains

Keszthely Mountains Tapolca Basin Balaton Uplands Bakony Bakonyalja Sokoró Vértesalja Velence Hills Gerecse Mountains Buda Hills Pilis Mountains Visegrád Mountains Vértes Mountains

Transdanubian Hills

Mecsek Outer Somogy Inner Somogy Tolna-Baranya Hills Balaton Basin

North Hungarian Mountains

Börzsöny Cserhát Mátra Mátralába Bükk Zemplén Mountains

Great Hungarian Plain

Bácska Bánát Mezőföld Sárrét Sárköz Drávamellék Kunság Kiskunság Jászság Pest Plain Heves Plain Borsodi-Mezőség Bodrogköz Tiszahát Szatmár Plain Maros-Körös köze Körös-vidék Nagykunság Hortobágy Hajdúság Nyírség Tiszántúl

Coordinates: 46°00′N 19°20′E / 46.000°N 19.333°E / 46

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