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BC Place
BC Place
is a multi-purpose stadium located at the north side of False Creek, in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. It is owned and operated by the BC Pavilion Corporation (PavCo), a crown corporation of the province. It is currently the home of the BC Lions
BC Lions
of the Canadian Football League
Canadian Football League
(CFL), Vancouver
Vancouver
Whitecaps FC of Major League Soccer (MLS) and the annual Canada Sevens (part of the World Rugby Sevens Series) as well as the BC Sports Hall of Fame. The stadium also served as the main stadium for the 2010 Winter Olympics
2010 Winter Olympics
and 2010 Paralympics which Vancouver
Vancouver
hosted. The stadium opened on June 19, 1983 and was built as an indoor structure with an air-supported roof, the largest of its kind in the world upon its opening.[4] Following the 2010 Winter Olympics, BC Place was closed for 16 months as part of an extensive revitalization, the centrepiece of which was replacing the inflatable roof with a retractable roof supported by cables. Once construction was completed, the stadium's new roof was also the largest of its type.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Opening and 20th century 1.2 2007 roof deflation 1.3 Renovation and roof replacement

1.3.1 Summary of renovations

1.4 Post-renovation

2 Tenants 3 Transportation 4 Accolades 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] Opening and 20th century[edit]

Exterior view of BC Place
BC Place
from the south, with its original roof, October 2005

Construction of the stadium started in 1981, with Dillingham Construction contracted to build the stadium, designed by architecture firm Studio Phillips Barratt, Ltd.[3] BC Place
BC Place
was built as part of the preparations for the 1986 World's Fair, Expo 86. Upon its completion in 1983, the stadium was the world's largest air-supported domed stadium until May 4, 2010 when it was deflated for the last time in preparation for the erection of its new retractable roof, designed by structural engineers Geiger Berger Associates.[3][5] Its original air-supported design was similar to the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis, Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota
which was home to both the Minnesota Twins Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
team and the Minnesota Vikings
Minnesota Vikings
National Football League team. The stadium held its grand opening on June 19, 1983. The first major event held in the stadium came the next day, June 20, 1983, when the Vancouver
Vancouver
Whitecaps hosted the Seattle
Seattle
Sounders in a North American Soccer League game with attendance announced at 60,342.[6] On June 23, 1983, the BC Lions
BC Lions
played their first game at the new stadium, a preseason 41–19 victory against the Calgary Stampeders
Calgary Stampeders
with 53,472 in attendance.[7] A month later, on July 24, 1983, a crowd of 41,810 watched the BC Lions
BC Lions
defeat the Saskatchewan Roughriders
Saskatchewan Roughriders
44–28 in the Lions' first regular season game at the stadium.[8] The venue would host the Soccer Bowl '83
Soccer Bowl '83
later that year.[9][10] On September 18, 1984 Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
addressed an over-capacity crowd for "A Celebration of Life". The celebration was part of the papal visit to the Archdiocese of Vancouver. It was one of the most heavily attended events in the stadium. The Pope's Celebration of Life was followed a few months later by the Canadian Pacific Billy Graham
Billy Graham
Crusade, which drew similar numbers each night. The stadium was then used for the opening and closing ceremonies of the 1986 World Exposition on Transportation and Communication (Expo '86). Accepting an invitation by the Province of British Columbia, their Royal Highnesses Prince Charles and Princess Diana made themselves available to take part in the opening ceremonies. To great fanfare, they officially proclaimed the World's Fair open on May 2, 1986. In 1987, an exhibition match of Australian rules football
Australian rules football
was played at the stadium and drew a crowd of 32,789  – a record for the largest AFL/VFL crowd outside of Australia. The stadium also held an NFL exhibition game in 1998 when the San Francisco 49ers
San Francisco 49ers
beat the Seattle Seahawks
Seattle Seahawks
24–21 in the American Bowl.

Inside BC Place
BC Place
Stadium under original roof in July 2005

2007 roof deflation[edit] On January 5, 2007, snow accumulated on the air-supported Teflon Fibreglass roof, despite strict zero accumulation of ice guidelines and ice accumulation structural warnings. The accumulation caused a tear in the roof's ETFE-coated fabric close to Gate G on the south side where the roof meets the top of the concrete bowl.[11][12] The tear grew quickly as air escaped through it, whereupon maintenance staff performed an intentional, controlled deflation to protect the integrity of the roof's intact fabric panels.[13] As it was designed to do, the deflated roof rested on its steel support cables 6 metres (20 ft) above the seating and the field. Normally, the roof had a rise of 27 metres (90 ft) above the top of the bowl when inflated.[14] No one was injured during the incident, although rain and melted snow flooded the bowl and subsequently had to be pumped out. An independent report indicated that an accidental rapid pressurization combined with lightly gusting wind and a location of previously undetected damage caused the tear.[15] The damaged panel was replaced with a temporary one on January 19 and the roof was re-inflated.[16][17] The BC Contractors Association held an exhibition in the stadium over the week of January 23,[18] during which the roof leaked in several places when it rained.[19] The temporary panel was successfully replaced with a permanent one in June 2007, just prior to the start of the 2007 CFL season.[20] Renovation and roof replacement[edit]

Renovation works at BC Place, including the construction of the retractable roof, viewed in April 2011

Exterior view of the stadium after its renovation, November 2014

On May 16, 2008, it was announced that over $150 million in major renovations would be carried out on BC Place
BC Place
Stadium. The work was done in two phases. The first phase involved upgrades to seating, washrooms, concessions, and luxury suites, as well as the reinforcement of the existing ring beam at the top of the building[21] and was completed in October 2009, in time for the 2010 Winter Olympics. Work on the retractable roof began in May 2010, with PCL Westcoast Constructors Inc. contracted to construct the roof designed by architecture firm Stantec Architecture Ltd. and structural engineering firm Geiger Engineers, with Schlaich Bergermann & Partner serving as consulting engineers and Genivar, Inc. acting as services engineers.[22] Geiger also designed the stadium's new centre-hung scoreboard.[22] The roof's construction began immediately after the completion of the 2010 Winter Paralympics
2010 Winter Paralympics
and the final deflation of the air-supported roof. The official budget for the completed Phase 1 upgrades plus the revitalization project was $514 million.[23] The new roof, a cable-supported retractable roof system first used with the Commerzbank-Arena
Commerzbank-Arena
in Frankfurt, Germany,[24] is the largest of its kind.[25] The opening measures 100 by 85 metres (109 by 93 yd), the same size as the field below. The fabric roof retracts into and is hidden by a pod in the centre of the opening, above the suspended videoboard.[26] The updated stadium also features the second largest centre-hung high definition scoreboard in North America, after the one in the Dallas Cowboys Stadium
Cowboys Stadium
(since renamed AT&T Stadium).[27] In addition, a new artificial turf developed by Polytan
Polytan
was installed at an estimated cost of $1.2 million. It is designed to achieve FIFA
FIFA
2-star certification, the highest rating possible. The soccer pitch is 117 by 75 yards (107 by 69 m).[28] TSN analyst and former CFL player Chris Schultz praised both the design and engineering of the new stadium.[27] Columnist Brian Hutchinson has praised the renovations for significantly improving the acoustics, and providing a bright and airy feel to the stadium. These were aspects that were missing in its previous air-supported roof incarnation, as well as the Montreal
Montreal
Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
and the Rogers Centre (formerly SkyDome).[25] The artificial turf installed between September 2011 and April 2015 drew criticism, notably its lacklustre characteristics for playing professional level soccer.[29][30] A new artificial turf was installed in May 2015, prior to the FIFA
FIFA
Women's World Cup Canada 2015. The total cost of the turf upgrade was $1,327,000, with Canada Soccer and Rugby Canada contributing $500,000 CDN to the project.[31] Liam Middleton, Canada's Rugby Sevens coach, stated that the new surface was "better than some natural grass surfaces they've played on."[32] Summary of renovations[edit]

New retractable roof is the largest cable supported retractable roof in the world.[33][34] Revolving doors replaced with clear glass doors, which allows the stadium to be accessed much more easily.[35] Old brown glass around building replaced with light green glass which lets more light in and makes stadium brighter.[35] BC Lions
BC Lions
locker room completely expanded and refurbished: Old lockers were taken out, sanded down, refinished, and put back in. New cubicles were also put in with individual lighting for players. Locker room also sports a new floor called "sport floor".[35] New synthetic turf, called Polytan
Polytan
LigaTurf RS+, was installed as the new playing surface. Turf has a 1 1⁄4 inches (32 mm) thick shock pad underneath the turf and special eco-friendly BionPro infill.[36] A centre-hung high-definition scoreboard measuring 68 by 38 feet (21 m × 12 m).[36] Around the stadium is a new 51 inches (1.3 m) electronic ribbon board, with a circumference of 2,200 feet (670 m).[33] Added 1,140 new HDTV screens. Screens work through a system called Stadium Vision. Each screen runs on a separate video source, allowing menu boards at concourse concession stands to show game updates to fans as they order from concession stands.[37] All concourses widened and refurbished.[35] Added 140 additional portable concession stands. Storage of food and supplies will be in concession stands.[37] 50 fully refurbished private suites and 1,300 newly refurbished premium Club Seats.[38][39][40] Wheel chair seating now at every price point and level of the stadium.[33] New upgraded washrooms, and access ramps with new lighting.[41] New state of the art sound system.[33] New wider seats: seats or 20 inches (51 cm) wide with cup holders on every seat.[33] New sport lighting in stadium; 10% of lighting is called hot strip lighting. Hot strip lighting gives instant on and off.[33]

Post-renovation[edit]

BC Place
BC Place
during the opening ceremony of the 2010 Winter Olympics

Scene inside BC Place
BC Place
prior to the start of the 2015 FIFA
FIFA
Women's World Cup Final

The opening and closing ceremonies of the XXI Olympic Winter Games and the opening ceremonies of the X Paralympic Winter Games were also held in BC Place
BC Place
Stadium in February and March 2010, respectively. The stadium was the first air-supported structure and 24th venue to host the opening ceremonies of the Winter Olympics. It was also both the third CFL venue and the third Canadian venue to have served as an Olympic Stadium, after Montreal's Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
and Calgary's McMahon Stadium. The 47th Vanier Cup
47th Vanier Cup
was the first Canadian university football championship paired with the Grey Cup
Grey Cup
Festival and played Friday, November 25, 2011 between the McMaster Marauders
McMaster Marauders
and Laval Rouge et Or in front of 24,935. Nicknamed "Best Game... Ever",[42] it is widely regarded as one of the most exciting Canadian Football
Canadian Football
games of all time[43] with McMaster winning 41–38 in double overtime. It was the first championship played in the newly renovated facility. The 2012 CONCACAF Women's Olympic Qualifying Tournament final between the United States and Canada played at the stadium was the highest attendance for a women's CONCACAF Olympic Qualifying game with 25,427 people in attendance.[44] The 2014 NHL Heritage Classic
2014 NHL Heritage Classic
took place March 2, 2014 in BC Place, with the Ottawa Senators
Ottawa Senators
facing off against the home team Vancouver Canucks.[45] It was the first of the NHL's "outdoor" games to be played in what technically is an indoor stadium, albeit one of a larger capacity than a typical NHL arena. BC Place
BC Place
hosted its second major international sports competition, the 2015 FIFA
FIFA
Women's World Cup. Five group stage matches, two round of 16 matches, and one quarterfinal match were held in the stadium during June 2015, and the final championship match between Japan and the United States was played here on July 5, 2015.[46] The stadium hosted round six of the HSBC World Rugby Sevens Series 2015–16 series.[47] Tenants[edit]

Interior scene at BC Place
BC Place
during a 2011 Major League Soccer
Major League Soccer
season match between the Vancouver
Vancouver
Whitecaps FC and Real Salt Lake

Currently, BC Place's main sports tenants are the BC Lions
BC Lions
of the Canadian Football League
Canadian Football League
(CFL) and Vancouver
Vancouver
Whitecaps FC of Major League Soccer (MLS). The stadium was also home of the Vancouver Whitecaps of the North American Soccer League (NASL) during the early 1980s. The Vancouver
Vancouver
Nighthawks, a member of the World Basketball League, played the 1988 season at BC Place.[48] Soccer Bowl '83
Soccer Bowl '83
was also held at BC Place, where the Tulsa Roughnecks defeated the Toronto Blizzard 2–0. When it was built, the floor of BC Place
BC Place
was too small to accommodate a full-sized CFL regulation field, as a result BC Place became the first CFL stadium to use a 20-yard end zone instead of the regulation 25-yard end zone then in use. Although controversial at first, the smaller end zone proved highly popular with players and was adopted league-wide in 1986.[49] The stadium has hosted the CFL's championship game, the Grey Cup, nine times: in 1983, 1986, 1987, 1990, 1994, 1999, 2005, 2011, and 2014. Notable was the 1994 championship, in which the hometown BC Lions defeated the U.S. expansion team the Baltimore Football Club on a last-second field goal by Lui Passaglia, preventing the Grey Cup trophy from leaving Canada (Baltimore would win the Grey Cup
Grey Cup
the following year). The stadium hosted the 99th Grey Cup
Grey Cup
in 2011 after the new roof was completed (this Grey Cup
Grey Cup
game was also won by the BC Lions at home).[50] The stadium is also built to accommodate a baseball diamond, with retractable seating sections making room for right field. The Vancouver
Vancouver
Canadians of the Triple-A Pacific Coast League
Pacific Coast League
played several series of games there between 1984 and 1988, including games 1 and 2 of the 1985 league championship series. Numerous Major League Baseball spring training games were also played, including in 1984 ( Toronto Blue Jays
Toronto Blue Jays
and Milwaukee Brewers), 1986 (Chicago Cubs, San Diego Padres, Montreal
Montreal
Expos and Seattle
Seattle
Mariners), 1993 (Toronto, Seattle, Milwaukee and Detroit
Detroit
Tigers) and 1994 MLB season (Toronto, Seattle, Montreal
Montreal
and Colorado Rockies).[51] Transportation[edit]

Expo Line SkyTrain pulling into Stadium–Chinatown station, located adjacent to Rogers Arena
Rogers Arena
and BC Place

The stadium is served by two SkyTrain stations via the Expo Line and Canada Line: Stadium–Chinatown to the East, and Yaletown–Roundhouse to the West. The False Creek
False Creek
Ferries and Aquabus also serve the stadium, docking at the nearby Edgewater Casino. Accolades[edit]

Project of the Year for the 2012 International Stadium Business Awards[52] National Council of Structural Engineers Associations' 2012 Outstanding Project Award in the Forensic/Renovation/Retrofit/Rehabilitation Structures category[53] One of the 2012 Awards of Excellence presented to GENIVAR and Geiger Engineers by the Association of Consulting Engineering Companies, Canada[54] The 2013 ENR Global Best Project Winner for Sports/Entertainment[55]

See also[edit]

List of Canadian Football League
Canadian Football League
stadiums List of Major League Soccer
Major League Soccer
stadiums List of soccer stadiums in Canada

Vancouver
Vancouver
portal Olympics portal Association football portal Canadian football portal Sport in Canada portal

References[edit]

^ "Whitecaps expand lower bowl capacity at B.C. Place to 22,120". March 4, 2016. Archived from the original on May 9, 2016.  ^ a b Canadian inflation numbers based on Statistics Canada. "Consumer Price Index, historical summary". CANSIM, table (for fee) 326-0021 and Catalogue nos. 62-001-X, 62-010-X and 62-557-X. And Consumer Price Index, by province (monthly) (Canada) Last modified 2017-07-21. Retrieved July 28, 2017 ^ a b c " BC Place
BC Place
Stadium – Tensile Membrane Structures Sample Application". Makmax.com. Retrieved January 24, 2013.  ^ "Vancouver's History". vancouvertourism.com. Retrieved May 30, 2012.  ^ Cyganiak, Marcus. " Vancouver
Vancouver
Skyline to Change Forever – BC Place Deflated for Good". Buyric.com. Archived from the original on March 30, 2012. Retrieved September 30, 2011.  ^ Fudge, Simon (September 13, 2011). "Whitecaps and Sounders raise the curtain on BC Place
BC Place
back in 1983". WhitecapsFC.com. Retrieved July 30, 2014.  ^ "CFL Results June 23, 1983 Calgary
Calgary
19 @ BC 41 on CFLdb Statistics". stats.cfldb.ca. Retrieved January 3, 2018.  ^ "Remembering the thrill of when BC Place
BC Place
first opened". CFL.ca. September 30, 2011. Retrieved June 24, 2016.  ^ "Lakeland Ledger – Google News Archive Search". Retrieved December 30, 2016.  ^ Phillips, Randy (August 28, 1978). "Tulsa captures Soccer Bowl with dull victory over Blizzard". Montreal
Montreal
Gazette. p. D-5, D-8. Retrieved 2015-03-17.  ^ "B.C. Place Stadium's inflated roof collapses (05/01/2007)". CTV.ca. January 5, 2007. Archived from the original on April 7, 2010. Retrieved September 30, 2011.  ^ Sun, Vancouver
Vancouver
(January 5, 2007). "The roof at B.C. Place stadium deflated after tear (05/01/2007)". Canada.com. Archived from the original on June 28, 2011. Retrieved September 30, 2011.  ^ " Vancouver
Vancouver
Sun – The roof at B.C. Place stadium deflated after tear (01/05/2007)". Canada.com. January 5, 2007. Archived from the original on November 11, 2011. Retrieved September 30, 2011.  ^ "Structural Engineering Slide Library – Modern domes: Air-supported dome". Nisee.berkeley.edu. Retrieved September 30, 2011.  ^ "Human error a factor in BC Place
BC Place
roof trouble". January 13, 2007. Archived from the original on June 28, 2011. Retrieved December 23, 2011.  ^ CTV.ca News Staff (January 19, 2007). "Teflon roof of B.C. Place Stadium reinflated". CTV.ca. CTVglobemedia. Archived from the original on December 22, 2008. Retrieved January 19, 2007.  ^ CBC News (January 19, 2007). "Stadium dome returns to Vancouver skyline". cbc.ca. CBC. Archived from the original on January 21, 2007. Retrieved January 19, 2007.  ^ "Main Exhibition Contractor".  ^ "B.C. Place's reopening marred by leaking roof". Cbc.ca. January 24, 2007. Retrieved September 30, 2011.  ^ " BC Place
BC Place
Permanent Roof Panel Installation" Archived July 4, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., BC Place
BC Place
Stadium press release, June 14, 2007. ^ Vision 2011 Archived November 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. BC Place 2008/09/04 ^ a b Ansell, Lauren. "Northern Light". Stadia Magazine. Retrieved May 30, 2012.  ^ "FACTSHEET: BC Place
BC Place
Budget BC Newsroom". Newsroom.gov.bc.ca. January 18, 2013. Archived from the original on February 19, 2013. Retrieved January 24, 2013.  ^ "Local MLS bid still on, investor says". Vancouver
Vancouver
Sun. Retrieved June 8, 2012.  ^ a b Hutchinson, Brian. "Finally, B.C. Place is a Retractable-Roof Stadium That Works". NationalPost.com. Archived from the original on July 16, 2012. Retrieved May 30, 2012.  ^ "The New Stadium – BC Place". Bcplacestadium.com. Retrieved December 23, 2011.  ^ a b "Schultz: Renovated B.C. Place among world's best stadiums". Tsn.ca. October 3, 2011. Retrieved December 23, 2011.  ^ Constantineau, Bruce (September 24, 2011). "Empire falls, Whitecaps hope BC Place
BC Place
provides kick-start". The Province. Retrieved September 24, 2011. [permanent dead link] ^ " Toronto FC
Toronto FC
set to open anticipated ninth season". Toronto
Toronto
Sun. Retrieved July 31, 2015.  ^ "Robbie Keane slams unacceptable BC Place
BC Place
pitch". CSN. Retrieved July 31, 2015.  ^ "New surface selected for BC Place". whitecapsfc.com. Retrieved March 27, 2015.  ^ Johnston, Patrick. "Canada Sevens day one live blog". theprovince.com. The Province Newspaper. Retrieved March 12, 2016.  ^ a b c d e f BC Place: Level 4 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HUH3IBdPNGI ^ VIDEO: David Campbell on building the new BC Place
BC Place
roof https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLHA_5-KeW8&feature=related ^ a b c d BC Place: Entrance & Lions Locker Room https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aceXPXMrkBg ^ a b BC Place: New turf and centre-hung videoboard https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9lXXTemvZ3o ^ a b BC Place: Level 2 http://www.bclions.com/video/index/id/21033 ^ "Suites and Club Seats – BC Place". Bcplacestadium.com. Retrieved December 29, 2011.  ^ Suites sneak peek https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O9_1MJgSvoI ^ " BC Place
BC Place
Vancouver
Vancouver
Whitecaps FC". Whitecapsfc.com. Retrieved December 29, 2011.  ^ "Accessibility – BC Place". Bcplacestadium.com. Retrieved December 29, 2011.  ^ TSN presents complete coverage of 48th Vanier Cup. Tsn.ca (November 20, 2012). Retrieved on July 26, 2013. ^ "'One of the greatest games' ever seen". TheSpec. Retrieved December 1, 2011.  ^ MacMahon, Martin. "Canada no match for USA". Sportsnet. Retrieved January 30, 2012.  ^ Winnipeg Free Press, "Reports:NHL adds 5 outdoor games in 2014, including Heritage Classic in Vancouver", Canadian Press, April 16, 2013 ^ " FIFA
FIFA
Women's World Cup Canada 2015™ - Vancouver
Vancouver
- FIFA.com". FIFA.com. Retrieved July 31, 2015.  ^ "HSBC World Rugby Sevens Series
World Rugby Sevens Series
2015–16: Schedule, calendar fixtures and results". Telegraph.co.uk. March 7, 2016. Retrieved March 14, 2016.  ^ nurun.com. "B.C. Place's roof facing its last days News Vancouver
Vancouver
24 hrs". Vancouver.24hrs.ca. Retrieved January 24, 2013.  ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=hUCto5BNvwsC&pg=PA27&lpg=PA27&dq=BC+Place+Stadium+20+yard+endzones+1983&source=bl&ots=OTTVo7xukO&sig=NrvbcJAb2dF9k63d0DEF9TfVuNM&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjS3YSdrY3ZAhUN5mMKHZ12CZIQ6AEIWDAL#v=onepage&q=BC%20Place%20Stadium%2020%20yard%20endzones%201983&f=false ^ CFL.ca – History of the Grey Cup
Grey Cup
(Accessed January 5, 2007) ^ "Baseball in B.C. Place: a thing of the past?". Vancouver
Vancouver
Courier. August 18, 2011. Retrieved February 10, 2013.  ^ " BC Place
BC Place
overhaul earns stadium award". Vancouver
Vancouver
Sun. Archived from the original on May 20, 2012. Retrieved October 26, 2012.  ^ "NCSEA Awards Program". NCSEA. Retrieved October 26, 2012.  ^ "2012 Canadian Consulting Engineering Awards Press Release" (PDF). ACEC. Retrieved October 26, 2012.  ^ "Global Best Project Winner Sports/Entertainment: BC Place Revitalization". Engineering News-Record. Retrieved June 3, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to BC Place.

Wikinews has related news: Vancouver
Vancouver
stadium dome damaged

Official website

Preceded by Stadio Olimpico di Torino Turin Winter Olympics Opening and Closing Ceremonies (Olympic Stadium) 2010 Succeeded by Fisht Olympic Stadium Sochi

Preceded by Commerzbank-Arena Frankfurt FIFA
FIFA
Women's World Cup Final Venue 2015 Succeeded by Parc Olympique Lyonnais Lyon

v t e

BC Lions

Founded in 1954 Based in Vancouver, British Columbia

Franchise

Franchise Records Players Seasons Head coaches Starting quarterbacks First-round draft picks

Stadiums

Empire Stadium Empire Field BC Place

Culture

The Lions Leo the Lion Nickname: The Leos Fight song: "Roar You Lions Roar" composed by Dal Richards
Dal Richards
and his Orchestra

Lore

Annis Stukus Willie "The Wisp" Fleming Defeated Baltimore in the Grey Cup First Grey Cup
Grey Cup
of New Millennium Labour Day Classic Kapp becomes first Lion to win MVP of West Division Joe Paopao, The Throwin’ Samoan James "Quick" Parker

Important figures

David Braley Wally Buono Annis Stukus Bob Ackles By Bailey Clem Crowe Herb Capozzi Tom Hinton Tom Brown Joe Kapp Dave Skrien Lonnie Dennis Ted Gerela Jim Evenson Jackie Parker Al Wilson Cal Murphy Lui Passaglia Jerry Tagge Roy Dewalt Matt Dunigan Doug Flutie Mervyn Fernandez Don Matthews Mark Gastineau Danny McManus Darren Flutie Damon Allen Robert Drummond Sean Millington Casey Printers Dave Dickenson Geroy Simon

Retired numbers

5 15 22 30 38 52 60 75 81 97

Key personnel

Owner: David Braley General Manager: Ed Hervey Head Coach: Wally Buono

Grey Cup Championships (6)

1964 1985 1994 2000 2006 2011

Western Division Championships (10)

1963 1964 1983 1985 1988 1994 2000 2004 2006 2011

Current league affiliations

League: Canadian Football
Canadian Football
League Division: West

v t e

Vancouver
Vancouver
Whitecaps FC

Vancouver, British Columbia

The club

History (1974–1984 1986–2010 2011–present) Seasons Players Records & statistics List of all honours and achievements

Stadiums

Empire Field
Empire Field
(2011) BC Place
BC Place
(2011–present)

Academies

Whitecaps Residency

Affiliated teams

Fresno FC (USL)

Culture

Vancouver
Vancouver
Southsiders

Rivalries

Cascadia Cup

Portland Timbers Seattle
Seattle
Sounders FC

Voyageurs Cup

Montreal
Montreal
Impact Toronto
Toronto
FC

Historical teams

Vancouver
Vancouver
Whitecaps (NASL) Vancouver
Vancouver
Whitecaps (CSL and US-based D2) Whitecaps FC 2
Whitecaps FC 2
(USL)

Key personnel

Owners Steve Luczo Jeff Mallett Steve Nash Coach Carl Robinson

Major honours (2)

NASL Championship (1)

1979

Canadian Championship (1)

2015

Seasons (39)

NASL

1974 1975 1976 1977 1978

APSL

1993

USL-1

2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

D-2 Pro League

2010

MLS

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

v t e

Grey Cup

Editions

1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019

Venues

Autostade BC Place BMO Field Commonwealth Stadium Civic Stadium / Ivor Wynne Stadium Empire Stadium Exhibition Stadium Hamilton AAA Grounds Investors Group Field McMahon Stadium Molson Stadium Olympic Stadium Richardson Memorial Stadium Skydome / Rogers Centre Rosedale Field Taylor Field TD Place Stadium
TD Place Stadium
/ Frank Clair Stadium / Lansdowne Park Varsity Stadium Winnipeg Stadium / Canad Inns Stadium

Statistics

Champions Most Valuable Players Most Valuable Canadians Winning head coaches Broadcasters Halftime performers

v t e

Current stadiums of the Canadian Football
Canadian Football
League

West Division

BC Place
BC Place
(Vancouver) The Brick Field at Commonwealth Stadium (Edmonton) Investors Group Field
Investors Group Field
(Winnipeg) McMahon Stadium
McMahon Stadium
(Calgary) Mosaic Stadium
Mosaic Stadium
(Regina)

East Division

Molson Stadium (Montreal) Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
( Montreal
Montreal
play-offs only) BMO Field
BMO Field
(Toronto) Tim Hortons Field
Tim Hortons Field
(Hamilton) TD Place Stadium
TD Place Stadium
(Ottawa)

v t e

Current stadiums of Major League Soccer

Current

Primary

Avaya Stadium Banc of California Stadium BBVA Compass Stadium BC Place BMO Field CenturyLink Field Children's Mercy Park Dick's Sporting Goods Park Gillette Stadium Mapfre Stadium Mercedes-Benz Stadium Orlando City Stadium Providence Park Red Bull Arena Rio Tinto Stadium Saputo Stadium StubHub Center Talen Energy Stadium TCF Bank Stadium Toyota Park Toyota Stadium Yankee Stadium

Secondary

Levi's Stadium Olympic Stadium Stanford Stadium

Future

Allianz Field Audi Field Miami MLS stadium Nashville Fairgrounds Stadium

v t e

Winter Olympic stadiums

Stade Olympique de Chamonix
Stade Olympique de Chamonix
(Chamonix 1924) St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink
St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink
(St. Moritz 1928) James B. Sheffield Olympic Skating Rink (Lake Placid 1932) Große Olympiaschanze
Große Olympiaschanze
(Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1936) St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink
St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink
(St. Moritz 1948) Bislett Stadium
Bislett Stadium
(Oslo 1952) Stadio Olimpico Del Ghiaccio
Stadio Olimpico Del Ghiaccio
(Cortina d'Ampezzo 1956) Blyth Arena
Blyth Arena
(Squaw Valley 1960) Bergiselschanze
Bergiselschanze
(Innsbruck 1964) Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
(Grenoble 1968) Makomanai Open Stadium
Makomanai Open Stadium
(Sapporo 1972) Bergiselschanze
Bergiselschanze
(Innsbruck 1976) Lake Placid Equestrian Stadium
Lake Placid Equestrian Stadium
(Lake Placid 1980) Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
Koševo (Sarajevo 1984) McMahon Stadium
McMahon Stadium
( Calgary
Calgary
1988) Théâtre des Cérémonies
Théâtre des Cérémonies
(Albertville 1992) Lysgårdsbakken
Lysgårdsbakken
(Lillehammer 1994) Nagano Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
(Nagano 1998) Rice-Eccles Stadium
Rice-Eccles Stadium
( Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
2002) Stadio Olimpico di Torino
Stadio Olimpico di Torino
( Turin
Turin
2006) BC Place
BC Place
( Vancouver
Vancouver
2010) Fisht Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
( Sochi
Sochi
2014) Pyeongchang Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
(Pyeongchang 2018) Beijing National Stadium
Beijing National Stadium
(Beijing 2022)

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Venues of the 2010 Winter Olympics

Competition facilities in Vancouver
Vancouver
and vicinity

Canada Hockey Place Cypress Mountain Ski Area Doug Mitchell Thunderbird Sports Centre Pacific Coliseum Richmond Olympic Oval Vancouver
Vancouver
Olympic/Paralympic Centre

Venues outside Vancouver

Whistler Sliding Centre Whistler Creekside Whistler Olympic Park

Non-competition venues

BC Place Main Media Centre Vancouver
Vancouver
Olympic and Paralympic Village Whistler Olympic and Paralympic Village Whistler Olympic Medals Plaza

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2015 FIFA Women's World Cup
2015 FIFA Women's World Cup
stadiums

BC Place
BC Place
(Vancouver) Commonwealth Stadium (Edmonton) Lansdowne Stadium (Ottawa) Moncton Stadium
Moncton Stadium
(Moncton) Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
(Montreal) Winnipeg Stadium (Winnipeg)

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FIFA
FIFA
Women's World Cup Final venues

Tianhe Stadium
Tianhe Stadium
(China 1991) Råsunda Stadium
Råsunda Stadium
(Sweden 1995) Rose Bowl (United States 1999) The Home Depot Center (United States 2003) Hongkou Football Stadium
Hongkou Football Stadium
(China 2007) Waldstadion (Germany 2011) BC Place
BC Place
(Canada 2015) Parc Olympique Lyonnais
Parc Olympique Lyonnais
(France 2019)

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Landmarks in Greater Vancouver

Buildings

BC Place Beatty Street Drill Hall Bentall Centre (Bentall 5) BowMac sign Canada Place CBC Regional Broadcast Centre Vancouver Central City Tower Central Heat Distribution The Coaster Dominion Building Empire Landmark Hotel Former Vancouver
Vancouver
Public Library Gulf of Georgia Cannery H. R. MacMillan Space Centre Harbour Centre Hotel Europe Hotel Georgia Hotel Vancouver International Buddhist Temple Living Shangri-La Marine Building One Wall Centre Orpheum Pacific Central Station Pacific Coliseum Park Royal Parq Vancouver Rogers Arena Royal Centre Royal Vancouver
Vancouver
Yacht Club Science World Seaforth Armoury Shaw Tower Sinclair Centre Stanley Theatre Sun Tower Sylvia Hotel Vancouver
Vancouver
Art Gallery Vancouver
Vancouver
City Hall Vancouver
Vancouver
Public Library Waterfront Station

Bridges

Alex Fraser Bridge Arthur Laing Bridge Burrard Bridge Cambie Bridge Capilano Suspension Bridge Georgia Viaduct Golden Ears Bridge Granville Street Bridge Ironworkers Memorial Second Narrows Crossing Knight Street Bridge Lions Gate Bridge Oak Street Bridge Pattullo Bridge Pitt River Bridge Port Mann Bridge Queensborough Bridge Skybridge

Locations

Chinatown "The Drive" Gastown Golden Village Granville Island Kitsilano Beach Metrotown Punjabi Market Robson Square Stanley Park
Stanley Park
/ Vancouver
Vancouver
Aquarium

Geographical

Burnaby Mountain Burrard Inlet Burrard Peninsula Cypress Mountain English Bay False Creek Fraser River Golden Ears Grouse Mountain Indian Arm The Lions Mount Seymour Point Grey Little Mountain

Category Portal WikiProject

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AMA / FIM World Supercross venues

Current (2017)

Angel Stadium of Anaheim
Angel Stadium of Anaheim
(Anaheim) AT&T Stadium (Arlington) CenturyLink Field
CenturyLink Field
(Seattle) Daytona International Speedway
Daytona International Speedway
(Daytona Beach) Ford Field
Ford Field
(Detroit) Lucas Oil Stadium
Lucas Oil Stadium
(Indianapolis) MetLife Stadium
MetLife Stadium
(East Rutherford) Oakland Coliseum
Oakland Coliseum
(Oakland) Petco Park
Petco Park
(San Diego) Rice-Eccles Stadium
Rice-Eccles Stadium
(Salt Lake City) Rogers Centre
Rogers Centre
(Toronto) Sam Boyd Stadium
Sam Boyd Stadium
(Las Vegas) The Dome at America's Center
The Dome at America's Center
(St. Louis) University of Phoenix Stadium
University of Phoenix Stadium
(Glendale) U.S. Bank Stadium
U.S. Bank Stadium
(Minneapolis)

Former

Astrodome
Astrodome
(Houston) AT&T Park (San Francisco) Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium
Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium
(Atlanta) BC Place
BC Place
(Vancouver) Camping World Stadium
Camping World Stadium
(Orlando) CEFCU Stadium
CEFCU Stadium
(San Jose) Charlotte Motor Speedway
Charlotte Motor Speedway
(Charlotte) Chase Field
Chase Field
(Phoenix) Dodger Stadium
Dodger Stadium
(Los Angeles) EverBank Field
EverBank Field
(Jacksonville) Georgia Dome
Georgia Dome
(Atlanta) Gillette Stadium
Gillette Stadium
(Foxborough) Houlihan's Stadium (Tampa) Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome
Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome
(Minneapolis) Kingdome
Kingdome
(Seattle) Mercedes-Benz Superdome
Mercedes-Benz Superdome
(New Orleans) Levi's Stadium
Levi's Stadium
(Santa Clara) Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Memorial Coliseum (Los Angeles) Mile High Stadium
Mile High Stadium
(Denver) NRG Stadium
NRG Stadium
(Houston) Pontiac Silverdome
Silverdome
(Pontiac) Qualcomm Stadium
Qualcomm Stadium
(San Diego) Raymond James Stadium
Raymond James Stadium
(Tampa) RCA Dome
RCA Dome
(Indianapolis) Route 66 Raceway
Route 66 Raceway
(Joliet) Sun Devil Stadium
Sun Devil Stadium
(Tempe) Texa

.