Coin of Azes I, portrait of the king (detail).
Coin of Azes with Demeter and Hermes.
Coin from Azes Era depicting the king. British Museum.
Azes's most lasting legacy was the foundation of the Azes era. It was
widely believed that the era was begun by Azes's successors by simply
continuing the counting of his regnal years. However, Prof. Harry Falk
has recently presented an inscription at several conferences which
dates to Azes's reign, and suggests that the era may have been begun
by Azes himself. Most popular historians date the start of the Azes
era to 58 BC and believe it is the same as the later era known as the
A drachma of
^ Falk and Bennett (2009), pp. 197–215. ^ Richard Salomon (1998). Indian Epigraphy: A Guide to the Study of Inscriptions in Sanskrit, Prakrit, and the Other Indo-Aryan Languages. Oxford University Press. pp. 182–183, 194–195. ISBN 978-0-19-509984-3. ^ For discussions refer to Bracey, R. (2005) 'The Azes Era' (http://www.kushan.org/essays/chronology/azesvikrama.htm), Cribb, J (2005) 'The Greek Kingdom of Bactria, its coinage and collapse' in Afghanistan, Ancien Carrefour entre l'est et l'ouest (ed. Bopearachichi O & Boussac, M-F), Turnhout: 207–225, Falk, H. & C. J. Bennett 'Macedonian Intercalary Months and the Era of Azes' Acta Orientalia 70 (2009) 197–216 ^ Coin India
Harry Falk and Chris Bennett (2009). "Macedonian Intercalary Months and the Era of Azes". Acta Orientalia (70): 197–215. ISSN 0001-6438. Retrieved 11 April 2014. McEvilley, Thomas (2002). The Shape of Ancient Thought. Comparative studies in Greek and Indian Philosophies. Allworth Press and the School of Visual Arts. ISBN 1-58115-203-5. Retrieved 11 April 2014. W.W. Tarn (2010). The Greeks in Bactria and India. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-108-00941-6. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
Coins of Azes I Discussion of the Azes and Greek Era
v t e
Territories/ dates Western India Western Pakistan Balochistan Paropamisadae Arachosia Bajaur Gandhara Western Punjab Eastern Punjab Mathura
Nicias Menander II Artemidoros
INDO-SCYTHIAN KINGDOM Maues
Vonones Spalahores Telephos Apollodotus II
Spalirises Spalagadames Hippostratos Dionysios
Azes I Zoilos II
25 BCE – 10 CE
INDO-PARTHIAN KINGDOM Gondophares Indravasu INDO-PARTHIAN KINGDOM Gondophares Rajuvula
Ubouzanes Pakores Vispavarma (ruled c.0-20 CE)[n 3] Sarpedones Bhadayasa Sodasa
KUSHAN EMPIRE Kujula Kadphises Indravarma Abdagases ... ...
Aspavarma Gadana ... ...
Sasan Sases ... ...
Vima Takto ... ...
100-120 CE Abhiraka
Vima Kadphises ... ...
Jayadaman Rudradaman I Damajadasri I Jivadaman Rudrasimha I Satyadaman Jivadaman Rudrasena I
Bagamira Arjuna Hvaramira Mirahvara
Samghadaman Damasena Damajadasri II Viradaman Isvaradatta Yasodaman I Vijayasena Damajadasri III Rudrasena II Visvasimha
Miratakhma Kozana Bhimarjuna Koziya Datarvharna Datarvharna
INDO-SASANIANS Ardashir I, Sassanid king and "Kushanshah" (c. 230 – 250) Peroz I, "Kushanshah" (c. 250 – 265) Hormizd I, "Kushanshah" (c. 265 – 295)
280-300 Bhratadarman Datayola II
Hormizd II, "Kushanshah" (c. 295 – 300)
Visvasena Rudrasimha II Jivadaman
Peroz II, "Kushanshah" (c. 300 – 325)
Yasodaman II Rudradaman II Rudrasena III Simhasena Rudrasena IV
388-396 CE Rudrasimha III
^ From the dated inscription on the Rukhana reliquary ^ An Inscribed Silver Buddhist Reliquary of the Time of King Kharaosta and Prince Indravarman, Richard Salomon, Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 116, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1996), pp. 442  ^ A Kharosthī Reliquary Inscription of the Time of the Apraca Prince Visnuvarma, by Richard Salomon, South Asian Studies 11 1995, Pages 27-32, Published onlin