The Info List - Avranches

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

(French pronunciation: ​[avʁɑ̃ʃ]) is a commune in the Manche
department in the Normandy
region in northwestern France. It is a subprefecture of the department. The inhabitants are called Avranchinais.[1]


1 History 2 Geography 3 Sights 4 Sport 5 Twin towns 6 Births 7 References 8 External links

History[edit] By the end of the Roman period, the settlement of Ingena, capital of the Abrincatui tribe, had taken the name of the tribe itself. This was the origin of the name Avranches. In 511 the town became the seat of a bishopric (suppressed in 1790) and subsequently of a major Romanesque cathedral dedicated to Saint
Andrew which was dismantled during the French revolutionary period. As the region of Brittany
emerged from the Roman region of Armorica, Avranchin
was briefly held by Alan I, King of Brittany
as part of the Kingdom of Brittany
at the turn of the 10th century. The regions that later became the Duchies of Normandy and Brittany
each experienced devastating Viking raids, with Brittany occupied by Vikings from 907 to 937. In 933 Avranches
and its territory, the Avranchin, were ceded to the Normans. Hugh d'Avranches, 1st Earl of Chester, a magnate under William the Conqueror, was the son of Richard le Goz, Vicomte d'Avranches.[2] In 1172 (September 27–28) a council was held at Avranches
in response to the murder of Anglo-Norman Saint
Thomas Becket. Henry II, King of England, after due penance done at Avranches
on 21 May 1172, was absolved from the censures incurred by the assassination of the holy prelate and reached the Compromise of Avranches with the Church, swearing fidelity to Pope Alexander III
Pope Alexander III
in the person of the papal legate.

Patton Square

The same council was forbidden to confer on children benefice, carrying with it the cure of souls, or on the children of priests for the churches of their fathers. Each parish was required to have an assistant (vicarius), and the Advent fast was commended to all who could observe it, especially to ecclesiastics. The town was damaged in both the Hundred Years' War
Hundred Years' War
and the Wars of Religion. Álvaro Vaz de Almada
Álvaro Vaz de Almada
was made 1st Count of Avranches
Count of Avranches
by King Henry VI of England on August 8, 1444. A literal description of the town in the 19th century is recorded in Guy de Maupassant's novel Notre Cœur, when the main character Mariolle meets his lover and sets up for Mont Saint-Michel: The houses crowning the heights gave to the place from a distance the appearance of a fortification. Seen close at hand, it was an ancient and pretty Norman city, with small dwellings of regular and almost similar appearance built closely adjoining one another, giving an aspect of ancient pride and modern comfort, a feudal yet peasant-like air.[3] The liberation of Avranches
during World War II was led by General George S. Patton
George S. Patton
and began on 31 July 1944. Geography[edit] Avranches
is situated at the southern end of the Cotentin Peninsula
Cotentin Peninsula
on the E40 road connecting Saint-Lô
with Brittany
and on the rail line between Lison
(linking to Caen) and Dol (linking to Rennes). The town was founded on high ground overlooking the dunes and coastal marshes along the bay forming the corner between the peninsulas of the Cotentin and Brittany. From Avranches, it is possible to see the Mont Saint-Michel, which was founded by Saint
Aubert, Bishop of Avranches in the 8th century. Sights[edit] A museum houses the collection of manuscripts of Mont Saint-Michel, deposited in the municipal archives during the French Revolution. It is one of the largest collections of medieval illuminated manuscripts in France, outside national and university libraries.

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1793 5,880 —    

1800 5,413 −7.9%

1806 6,144 +13.5%

1821 6,431 +4.7%

1831 7,269 +13.0%

1836 7,690 +5.8%

1841 8,256 +7.4%

1846 7,965 −3.5%

1851 8,932 +12.1%

1856 8,702 −2.6%

1861 8,592 −1.3%

1866 8,642 +0.6%

1872 8,137 −5.8%

1876 8,157 +0.2%

1881 8,057 −1.2%

1886 8,000 −0.7%

1891 7,785 −2.7%

1896 7,845 +0.8%

1901 7,384 −5.9%

1906 7,360 −0.3%

1911 7,174 −2.5%

1921 6,597 −8.0%

1926 6,803 +3.1%

1931 6,881 +1.1%

1936 7,130 +3.6%

1946 7,554 +5.9%

1954 8,004 +6.0%

1962 8,854 +10.6%

1968 9,775 +10.4%

1975 10,136 +3.7%

1982 9,468 −6.6%

1990 8,638 −8.8%

1999 8,509 −1.5%

2006 8,239 −3.2%

2009 8,090 −1.8%

2014 7,813 −3.4%

Formerly dominated by the cathedral, where Henry II did penance, an open grassed area La Plate-Forme overlooking the bay towards Mont Saint-Michel displays only a few remnants of the destroyed building. The major church Notre Dame des Champs was constructed in Gothic Revival style in the 19th century to restore the religious life of the town after the destruction of the cathedral. A smaller church Saint Gervais houses a treasury, best known for the purported skull of Saint Aubert complete with hole where the archangel Michael's finger pierced it (probably a prehistoric trepanned skull). The botanical gardens were founded in the grounds of the former Franciscan convent in the late 18th century. The expansion and introduction of exotic species in the 19th century and the location of the gardens overlooking the bay made the gardens an important sight in the town. The Manoir de Brion, an ancient Benedictine priory of Mont Saint-Michel, is located in Dragey. Avranches
is twinned with St. Helier in Jersey. On 2 March 2010 a Jersey-registered boat "Archangel" succeeded in reaching Avranches
at Marcey-les-Grèves. It is believed this was the first instance of a foreign vessel reaching Avranches
in modern times.[4]

Notre Dame des Champs

Notre-Dame-des-Champs, Stations of the Cross

Saint-Gervais Basilica

Saint-Gervais Basilica, Skull of Saint

Sport[edit] US Avranches
US Avranches
is based in the commune. Twin towns[edit]

Saint-Gaudens, France, since the autumn of 1944, when the town of Saint-Gaudens, Haute-Garonne
Saint-Gaudens, Haute-Garonne
fraternally assisted Avranches
by giving clothing and food to it Korbach, Germany, since 1963 Saint
Helier, Jersey, since 1982 Crediton, United Kingdom, since 1993

Births[edit] Avranches
was the birthplace of:

General Jean-Marie Valhubert
Jean-Marie Valhubert
(1764–1805) Paul-Armand Challemel-Lacour
Paul-Armand Challemel-Lacour
(1827–1896), statesman Jean-Luc Ponty
Jean-Luc Ponty
(born 1942), violinist and jazz composer Samuel Le Bihan
Samuel Le Bihan
(born 1965), a movie actor. Hamon de Massey, Norman lord in the barony of Chester.


^ Rene Andre, Avranches
2000 ans d'histoire, Publication Municipale ^ Lewis, C. P. (2004). "Avranches, Hugh d', first earl of Chester (d. 1101)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/14056.  access-date= requires url= (help) (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) ^ Denis Larionov & Alexander Zhulin. "The life work of Henri René Guy de Maupassant
Guy de Maupassant
(Volume 9) by Guy de Maupassant
Guy de Maupassant
(page 4 of 20)". Ebooksread.com. Retrieved 2013-07-10.  ^ " Jersey
to Avranches
by sea". YouTube. 2010-03-02. Retrieved 2013-07-10. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Avranches.

has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Avranches.

INSEE commune file  Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Council of Avranches". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 

portal Brittany
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Communes of Manche

Agneaux Agon-Coutainville Airel Amigny Ancteville Anctoville-sur-Boscq Anneville-en-Saire Anneville-sur-Mer Annoville Appeville Aucey-la-Plaine Audouville-la-Hubert Aumeville-Lestre Auvers Auxais Avranches Azeville Bacilly La Baleine Barenton Barfleur Barneville-Carteret La Barre-de-Semilly Baubigny Baudre Baupte Beauchamps Beaucoudray Beauficel Beauvoir Belval Benoîtville Bérigny Beslon Besneville Beuvrigny Beuzeville-la-Bastille Biéville Biniville Blainville-sur-Mer Blosville La Bloutière Boisyvon La Bonneville Bourguenolles Bourgvallées Boutteville Brainville Brécey Bréhal Bretteville Bretteville-sur-Ay Breuville Bréville-sur-Mer Bricquebec-en-Cotentin Bricquebosq Bricqueville-la-Blouette Bricqueville-sur-Mer Brillevast Brix Brouains Brucheville Buais-les-Monts Cambernon Cametours Camprond Canisy Canteloup Canville-la-Rocque Carantilly Carentan-les-Marais Carneville Carolles Carquebut Catteville Catz Cavigny Céaux Cérences Cerisy-la-Forêt Cerisy-la-Salle La Chaise-Baudouin Champeaux Champrepus Chanteloup La Chapelle-Cécelin La Chapelle-Urée Chaulieu Chavoy Cherbourg-en-Cotentin Chérencé-le-Héron Clitourps La Colombe Colomby Condé-sur-Vire Contrières Coudeville-sur-Mer Coulouvray-Boisbenâtre Courcy Courtils Coutances Couvains Couville Crasville Créances Les Cresnays Crollon Crosville-sur-Douve Cuves Dangy Denneville Le Dézert Digosville Domjean Donville-les-Bains Doville Dragey-Ronthon Ducey-les-Chéris Écausseville Émondeville Équilly Éroudeville L'Étang-Bertrand Étienville La Feuillie Fermanville Feugères Fierville-les-Mines Flamanville Fleury Flottemanville Folligny Fontenay-sur-Mer Fourneaux Le Fresne-Poret Fresville Gathemo Gatteville-le-Phare Gavray Geffosses Genêts Ger La Godefroy La Gohannière Golleville Gonfreville Gonneville-le-Theil Gorges Gouvets Gouville-sur-Mer Graignes-Mesnil-Angot Le Grand-Celland Grandparigny Granville Gratot Grimesnil Le Grippon Grosville Guéhébert Le Guislain La Hague Le Ham Hambye Hamelin Hardinvast Hauteville-la-Guichard Hauteville-sur-Mer Hautteville-Bocage La Haye La Haye-Bellefond La Haye-d'Ectot La Haye-Pesnel Héauville Helleville Hémevez Hérenguerville Heugueville-sur-Sienne Hiesville Hocquigny Le Hommet-d'Arthenay Huberville Hudimesnil Huisnes-sur-Mer Isigny-le-Buat Joganville Juilley Jullouville Juvigny les Vallées Lamberville La Lande-d'Airou Lapenty Laulne Lengronne Lessay Lestre Liesville-sur-Douve Lieusaint Lingeard Lingreville Les Loges-Marchis Les Loges-sur-Brécey Lolif Longueville Le Loreur Le Lorey La Lucerne-d'Outremer Le Luot La Luzerne Magneville Marcey-les-Grèves Marchésieux Marcilly Margueray Marigny-le-Lozon Martinvast Maupertuis Maupertus-sur-Mer La Meauffe Méautis Le Mesnil Le Mesnil-Adelée Le Mesnil-Amand Le Mesnil-Amey Le Mesnil-Aubert Le Mesnil-au-Val Le Mesnilbus Le Mesnil-Eury Le Mesnil-Garnier Le Mesnil-Gilbert Le Mesnil-Herman Le Mesnillard Le Mesnil-Ozenne Le Mesnil-Rogues Le Mesnil-Rouxelin Le Mesnil-Véneron Le Mesnil-Villeman La Meurdraquière Millières Les Moitiers-d'Allonne Montabot Montaigu-la-Brisette Montaigu-les-Bois Montbray Montcuit Montebourg Montfarville Monthuchon Montjoie-Saint-Martin Montmartin-en-Graignes Montmartin-sur-Mer Montpinchon Montrabot Montreuil-sur-Lozon Mont Saint-Michel Montsenelle Montsurvent Moon-sur-Elle Morigny Morsalines Mortain-Bocage Morville La Mouche Moulines Moyon-Villages Muneville-le-Bingard Muneville-sur-Mer Nay Négreville Néhou Le Neufbourg Neufmesnil Neuville-au-Plain Neuville-en-Beaumont Nicorps Notre-Dame-de-Cenilly Notre-Dame-de-Livoye Nouainville Octeville-l'Avenel Orglandes Orval-sur-Sienne Ouville Ozeville Le Parc Percy-en-Normandie Périers La Pernelle Perriers-en-Beauficel Le Perron Le Petit-Celland Picauville Pierreville Les Pieux Pirou Le Plessis-Lastelle Poilley Pontaubault Pont-Hébert Pontorson Ponts Portbail Précey Quettehou Quettreville-sur-Sienne Quibou Quinéville Raids Rampan Rauville-la-Bigot Rauville-la-Place Ravenoville Reffuveille Regnéville-sur-Mer Reigneville-Bocage Remilly-les-Marais Réville Rocheville Romagny-Fontenay Roncey La Ronde-Haye Le Rozel Sacey Saint-Amand-Villages Saint-André-de-Bohon Saint-André-de-l'Épine Saint-Aubin-de-Terregatte Saint-Aubin-des-Préaux Saint-Aubin-du-Perron Saint-Barthélemy Saint-Brice Saint-Brice-de-Landelles Saint-Christophe-du-Foc Saint-Clair-sur-l'Elle Saint-Clément-Rancoudray Saint-Cyr Saint-Cyr-du-Bailleul Saint-Denis-le-Gast Saint-Denis-le-Vêtu Sainte-Cécile Sainte-Colombe Sainte-Geneviève Sainte-Marie-du-Mont Sainte-Mère-Église Sainte-Suzanne-sur-Vire Saint-Floxel Saint-Fromond Saint-Georges-d'Elle Saint-Georges-de-la-Rivière Saint-Georges-de-Livoye Saint-Georges-de-Rouelley Saint-Georges-Montcocq Saint-Germain-d'Elle Saint-Germain-de-Tournebut Saint-Germain-de-Varreville Saint-Germain-le-Gaillard Saint-Germain-sur-Ay Saint-Germain-sur-Sèves Saint-Gilles Saint-Hilaire-du-Harcouët Saint-Hilaire-Petitville Saint-Jacques-de-Néhou Saint-James Saint-Jean-de-Daye Saint-Jean-de-la-Haize Saint-Jean-de-la-Rivière Saint-Jean-d'Elle Saint-Jean-de-Savigny Saint-Jean-des-Champs Saint-Jean-du-Corail-des-Bois Saint-Jean-le-Thomas Saint-Joseph Saint-Laurent-de-Cuves Saint-Laurent-de-Terregatte Saint-Lô Saint-Lô-d'Ourville Saint-Louet-sur-Vire Saint-Loup Saint-Malo-de-la-Lande Saint-Marcouf Saint-Martin-d'Aubigny Saint-Martin-d'Audouville Saint-Martin-de-Bonfossé Saint-Martin-de-Cenilly Saint-Martin-des-Champs Saint-Martin-de-Varreville Saint-Martin-le-Bouillant Saint-Martin-le-Gréard Saint-Maur-des-Bois Saint-Maurice-en-Cotentin Saint-Michel-de-la-Pierre Saint-Michel-de-Montjoie Saint-Nicolas-de-Pierrepont Saint-Nicolas-des-Bois Saint-Ovin Saint-Pair-sur-Mer Saint-Patrice-de-Claids Saint-Pierre-d'Arthéglise Saint-Pierre-de-Coutances Saint-Pierre-de-Semilly Saint-Pierre-Église Saint-Pierre-Langers Saint-Planchers Saint-Pois Saint-Quentin-sur-le-Homme Saint-Sauveur-de-Pierrepont Saint-Sauveur-la-Pommeraye Saint-Sauveur-Lendelin Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte Saint-Sébastien-de-Raids Saint-Senier-de-Beuvron Saint-Senier-sous-Avranches Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue Saint-Vigor-des-Monts Sartilly-Baie-Bocage Saussemesnil Saussey Savigny Savigny-le-Vieux Sébeville Sénoville Servigny Servon Sideville Siouville-Hague Sortosville Sortosville-en-Beaumont Sottevast Sotteville Soulles Sourdeval Sourdeval-les-Bois Subligny Surtainville Taillepied Tamerville Tanis Le Tanu Le Teilleul Terre-et-Marais Tessy-Bocage Teurthéville-Bocage Teurthéville-Hague Thèreval Théville Tirepied Tocqueville Tollevast Torigny-les-Villes Tourville-sur-Sienne Tréauville Trelly Tribehou La Trinité Turqueville Urville Vains Valcanville Valognes Le Val-Saint-Père Varenguebec Varouville Le Vast Vaudreville Vaudrimesnil La Vendelée Ver Vernix Vesly Le Vicel Vicq-sur-Mer Videcosville Vierville Villebaudon Villedieu-les-Poêles-Rouffigny Villiers-Fossard Virandeville Yquelon Yvetot-Bocage

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 132643376 GND: 4079897-5 BNF: cb1526