Avola (Sicilian: Àvula) is a city and comune in the province of
2 Typical products
4 External links
Part of the Ancient Greek
Hoard on display in the British Museum
The foundation of the city in an area previously inhabited by the
Sicani and invaded by the
Sicels in the 13th-12th centuries BC, is
perhaps connected to the city of Hybla Major. Hybla was the name of a
pre-Greek divinity, later identified with the Greek Aphrodite. The
Greeks colonized there in the 8th century. An important hoard of
Ancient Greek gold jewellery and over 300 coins was found in the
Avola in 1914. Estimated to date between 370 and 300 BC,
the extant items of ornate jewellery are now housed in the British
Museum and comprise a pair of bracelets with double snake-heads, a
finger-ring and an ear-ring with the figure of Eros.
When the Romans conquered
Sicily in 227 BC, the city of Syracuse
maintained some autonomy in the control of the area, which lasted
Second Punic War
Second Punic War (212 BC). Hybla disappeared in the
early Middle Ages, and the territory started to be repopulated during
the Islamic domination of
Sicily (9th-11th centuries). However, the
village near what is now
Avola appeared only during the Norman or
Hohenstaufen rule (12th-13th centuries).
1756 print showing the layout of Avola
Like much of south-eastern Sicily,
Avola was destroyed by an
earthquake in 1693, and was refounded in a new location of the coast,
under the design of friar architect Angelo Italia, having a
geometrical and regular plan.
Along the main road that goes to Syracuse is situated a megalithic
monument, so-called "pseudo-dolmen" because of natural origin but
adapted, in the prehistory, to experimental architectural
World War II
World War II the town was attacked and liberated by troops of the
British 8th Army during the Allied invasion of
Sicily on 11 July 1943.
During the 'Hot Autumn' of 1969,
Avola was the scene of an infamous
massacre, when police opened fire on demonstrating day-labourers
demanding the renewal of their contract. Two were killed and many
wounded. This scene was depicted in the film 'Il Grande Sogno'.
Nero d'Avola: The Nero d'Avola, a typical red wine of Sicily, is named
after the city of Avola, where the first grafting of the vine was
made, but its grapes may grow and the wine be produced in other
regions of the island too.
Avola's Almond: The denomination Avola's Almond includes three
different types of almond: Pizzuta Fascionello Romana or Corrente
These three kinds of almond come from Avola's area and are the most
prestigious ones at international level. Blooming in winter, these
almonds can only grow either in sea areas or on litte hills, where
frost rarely happens. Since
Avola belongs to one of the sunniest towns
in Sicily, this makes it one of the main production areas for almond.
Pizzuta and Fascionello are mainly used in the making of "Confetti",
white sugared almonds, "Granita", ice slush, almond milk and other
pastries, while Romana is only used for pastries and other bakery
^ Robert Andrews, Jules Brown (2002). Sicily. Rough Guides.
p. 287. ISBN 1-85828-874-6.
British Museum Collection
^ Salvatore Piccolo (2013), Ancient Stones: The Prehistoric Dolmens of
Sicily. Abingdon: Brazen Head Publishing. ISBN 978-0956510624
^ "Solidarity Online The hot autumn: How workers’ revolt shook
Italy". solidarity.net.au. Retrieved 2015-12-08.
^ "Enemies". Archived from the original on 2003-04-02. Retrieved
^ "Il grande sogno (2009) - IMDb". imdb.com. Retrieved
Media related to
Avola at Wikimedia Commons
Official website (in Italian)
Avola online (in Italian)
Consorzio Mandorla di
Avola (in Italian)
Sicily · Comuni of the Province of Syracuse
Portopalo di Capo Passero