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Ava Marie DuVernay (/ˈeɪvə ˌdjuːvɛərˈneɪ/; born August 24, 1972) is a film director, producer, screenwriter, film marketer, and film distributor. DuVernay won the directing award in the U.S. dramatic competition at the 2012 Sundance Film Festival
2012 Sundance Film Festival
for her second feature film Middle of Nowhere,[1] becoming the first African-American woman to win the award.[2] For her work on Selma (2014), DuVernay was the first black female director to be nominated for a Golden Globe Award.[3][4] With Selma, she was also the first black female director to have her film nominated for the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Picture. In 2017, she was nominated for the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Documentary Feature for her film 13th (2016). DuVernay's 2018 fantasy film A Wrinkle in Time, had a budget exceeding $100 million, making her the first African-American
African-American
woman to direct a live-action film with a budget of that size.[5]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Film

2.1.1 Selma 2.1.2 13th 2.1.3 A Wrinkle in Time

2.2 Television 2.3 Advertising and music videos 2.4 Film distribution and production 2.5 Future projects 2.6 Other work

3 Style and themes 4 Filmography

4.1 Film 4.2 Television

5 Awards, nominations, honors 6 DuVernay test 7 References 8 External links

Early life[edit] DuVernay was born in Long Beach, California. She was raised by her mother, Darlene, an educator, and her stepfather, Murray Maye.[6] The surname of her biological father, Joseph Marcel DuVernay III, originates with Louisiana Creole
Louisiana Creole
ancestry.[7] She grew up in Lynwood, California (near Compton)[8] and graduated in 1990 from Saint Joseph High School in Lakewood.[9] At the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), she was a double BA major in English literature
English literature
and African-American
African-American
studies.[6][10][11][12] A DNA test on the series Finding Your Roots
Finding Your Roots
showed DuVernay to be of 57.3% African-American
African-American
and 41.5% European descent. During her summer vacations, she would travel to the childhood home of her stepfather, which was not far from Selma, Alabama.[13] DuVernay said that these summers influenced the making of Selma, as her stepfather saw the Selma to Montgomery marches
Selma to Montgomery marches
as a small child.[14] Career[edit] Her first interest was in journalism, a choice influenced by an internship with CBS
CBS
News, where she was assigned to help cover the O.J. Simpson murder trial.[10] She became disillusioned with journalism however, and decided to move into public relations, working as a junior publicist at Fox, Savoy Pictures, and a few other PR agencies before opening her own public relations firm, The DuVernay Agency, also known as DVAPR, in 1999. Through DVAPR she provided marketing and PR services to the entertainment and lifestyle industry, working on campaigns for movies and television shows such as Lumumba, Spy Kids, Shrek 2, The Terminal, Collateral, and Dreamgirls.[6][10][12][15][16][17][18] Other ventures launched by DuVernay include Urban Beauty Collective, which was a promotional network that began in 2003 and had more than 10,000 African-American beauty salons and barbershops in 16 (20 since 2008) U.S. cities which were mailed a free monthly Access Hollywood-style promotion program called UBC-TV,[19][20] the African-American
African-American
blog hub Urban Thought Collective in 2008, Urban Eye, a two-minute long weekday celebrity and entertainment news show distributed to radio stations,[21] as well as HelloBeautiful, a digital platform for millennial women of color.[22] Film[edit]

DuVernay at the 2010 AFI Film Festival

In 2005,[23] over the Christmas holiday, DuVernay decided to take $6,000 and make her first film, a short called Saturday Night Life.[17] Based on her mother's experiences,[12] the 12-minute film about an uplifting trip by a struggling single mother (Melissa De Sousa) and her three kids to a local Los Angeles discount grocery store toured the festival circuit and was broadcast on February 6, 2007, as part of Showtime's Black Filmmaker Showcase.[24] DuVernay then moved on to documentaries because they can be done on a smaller budget than fiction films, and she could learn the trade while doing so.[25] In 2007, she directed the short Compton in C Minor for which she "challenged herself to capture Compton in only two hours and present whatever she found."[26] The following year, she made her feature directorial debut with the alternative hip hop documentary This Is the Life, a history of LA's Good Life Cafe's arts movement in which she participated as part of the duo Figures of Speech. In 2011, DuVernay's first narrative feature film, I Will Follow, a drama starring Salli Richardson-Whitfield, was released theatrically. DuVernay's aunt Denise Sexton was the inspiration for the film.[27] The film cost DuVernay $50,000 and was made in 14 days.[16] Roger Ebert called it "one of the best films I've seen about coming to terms with the death of a loved one."[28][29] I Will Follow was an official selection of AFI Fest, Pan-African Film Festival, Urbanworld and Chicago International Film Festival. In the summer of 2011, DuVernay began production on her second narrative feature film, Middle of Nowhere, off a script she had written in 2003 but couldn't get financed then.[17] The film world-premiered on January 20 at the 2012 Sundance Film Festival, where it played in U.S. dramatic competition[30] and garnered the U.S. Directing Award: Dramatic for DuVernay, the first African-American woman to ever win the prize. DuVernay also won the 2012 Independent Spirit John Cassavetes Award for her work on the film.[31] DuVernay was commissioned by the Smithsonian's National Museum of African American History and Culture to create a film which debuted at the museum's opening on September 24, 2016. August 28: A Day in the Life of a People tells of six significant events in African-American history that happened on the same date, August 28. The 22-minute film stars Lupita Nyong'o, Don Cheadle, Regina King, David Oyelowo, Angela Bassett, Michael Ealy, Gugu Mbatha-Raw, André Holland
André Holland
and Glynn Turman. Events depicted include William IV's royal assent to the UK Slavery Abolition Act in 1833, the 1955 lynching of 14-year-old Emmett Till in Mississippi, the release of Motown's first number-one song, “Please Mr. Postman” by The Marvellettes, Martin Luther King, Jr.'s 1963 "I Have a Dream" speech, the landfall of Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and the night then-senator Barack Obama
Barack Obama
accepted the Democratic nomination for president at the 2008 Democratic National Convention.[32] Selma[edit] Main article: Selma (film) DuVernay directed Selma, a $20 million budget film produced by Plan B Entertainment, about Martin Luther King, Jr., Lyndon B. Johnson, and the 1965 Selma to Montgomery march.[33] The movie was released on December 25, 2014 to critical acclaim.[34] For the film she did uncredited re-writes of most of the original screenwriter Paul Webb's script with an increased emphasis on King and the people of Selma as central figures.[35][36] In response to the criticisms of historians and media sources that accused her of irresponsibly rewriting history to portray her own agenda, DuVernay pointed out that the film is "not a documentary. I'm not a historian. I'm a storyteller".[37] The film was nominated for Best Picture and Best Original Song, but not Best Director, at the Academy Awards. The lack of diversity of the Oscar nominations for 2014 was the subject of much press,[38] especially on Twitter,[39] and the film of the only person of color that was nominated for the 87th Academy Awards. The award for Best Original Song went to "Glory" from Selma.[40][41] DuVernay stated that she had not expected to be nominated so the omission didn't really bother her; rather she was hurt by actor David Oyelowo
David Oyelowo
not being nominated. As to the question of racial diversity of awards, she stated that the obstacles to people of color being represented in the Academy Awards
Academy Awards
were systemic.[39]

Duvernay with her Peabody Award
Peabody Award
for 13th at the 76th annual ceremony in 2017

13th[edit] Main article: 13th (film) In July 2016 the New York Film Festival
New York Film Festival
made the surprise announcement that 13th, a documentary directed by DuVernay, would open the festival. Until the announcement no mention of the film had been made by either DuVernay or Netflix, the film's distributor.[42] Centered on race in the United States criminal justice system, the film is titled after the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which outlawed slavery (unless as punishment for a crime). DuVernay's documentary opens with the idea that 25 percent of the people in the world who are incarcerated are incarcerated in the U.S. and argues that slavery is being effectively perpetuated in the U.S. through mass incarceration. The film features several prominent activists, politicians, and public figures such as, Angela Davis, Bryan Stevenson, Van Jones, Newt Gingrich, Cory Booker, Henry Louis Gates Jr., and others.[43] It was released on October 7, 2016 on Netflix.[44]13th has garnered acclaim from film critics and is currently at a 97% rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 69 reviews, with the critical consensus that states: "13th strikes at the heart of America's tangled racial history, offering observations as incendiary as they are calmly controlled."[45] In 2017, the film was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature at the 89th Oscars,[46] making DuVernay the first black woman to be nominated as a director by the academy in a feature category.[47] The film also won a Peabody Award
Peabody Award
in 2017.[48] A Wrinkle in Time[edit] Main article: A Wrinkle in Time
A Wrinkle in Time
(2018 film) In 2010, it was announced that Disney
Disney
carried the film rights to the 1962 novel A Wrinkle in Time.[49] Following the success of Tim Burton's Alice in Wonderland, Disney
Disney
announced the hire of Jeff Stockwell to write the screenplay for Cary Granat and his new Bedrock Studios. Cary Granat had previously worked with Disney
Disney
on the Chronicles of Narnia and Bridge to Terabithia films.[50] On August 5, 2014, Jennifer Lee was announced as the screenwriter, taking over from Stockwell, who had written the first draft.[51][52] On February 8, 2016, it was reported that DuVernay had been offered to direct the film, and she was confirmed as director later that same month.[53] A Wrinkle in Time
A Wrinkle in Time
began filming in November 2016. DuVernay is the first woman of color to direct a live-action film with a budget of over $100 million, and the second woman to do so after Patty Jenkins (who directed Wonder Woman).[5] The film was released in March 2018 and brought in $33 million its opening weekend, second at the box office behind Black Panther.[54] Upon release, the film received mixed reviews, with critics "taking issue with the film's heavy use of CGI and numerous plot holes" while "celebrating its message of female empowerment and diversity."[55] Television[edit] In 2010, DuVernay directed three TV documentaries. The first, a two-hour concert film TV One Night Only: Live from the Essence Music Festival, a mix of live performances and behind-the-scenes vignettes, which aired August 28, 2010 on TV One, showcases the U.S.'s largest annual African-American
African-American
entertainment gathering, the Essence Music Festival, which in 2010 took place July 2–4 in New Orleans.[56] Two days later, BET
BET
premiered its first original music documentary, My Mic Sounds Nice: A Truth About Women and Hip Hop, a 41-minute long history of female hip hop artists.[57] On Thanksgiving 2010 TV One showed the 44-minute documentary special Essence Presents: Faith Through the Storm about two black sisters who reclaimed their lives after personal devastation during Hurricane Katrina. "It was done for a client, for Essence. They wanted to talk about how faith helped them through, that was very important to them. So it is interspersed with gospel music, images of Katrina, their home and family."[58] ESPN
ESPN
commissioned DuVernay to produce and direct Venus Vs., a documentary on Venus Williams' fight for equal prize money for their film series Nine for IX, which aired on July 2, 2013.[59] DuVernay directed the John Legend
John Legend
episode of the performance-and-interview series HelloBeautiful Interludes Live which was shown September 14, 2013 on TV One as the series' broadcast premiere.[22] She also directed the eighth episode of the third season of the political thriller television series Scandal. The episode, titled "Vermont is for Lovers, Too", premiered on November 21, 2013 on ABC.[60] In 2015, DuVernay executive produced and directed the CBS
CBS
civil rights crime drama pilot For Justice starring Anika Noni Rose.[61] It was not picked up for distribution.[citation needed] That same year, DuVernay announced she would be creating and executive producing the drama series Queen Sugar, based on Natalie Baszile's novel.[62][63] Queen Sugar premiered September 6, 2016 on Oprah Winfrey Network to critical acclaim and positive reviews.[64] DuVernay directed two episodes and wrote four. On August 1, 2016, the series was renewed for a second season ahead of its television premiere which aired in a two-night premiere on June 20 and June 21, 2017.[65][66] The series was renewed for a third season on July 26, 2017.[67] Advertising and music videos[edit] In 2013, DuVernay partnered with Miu Miu
Miu Miu
as part of their Women's Tales film series.[68] Her short film The Door starred actress Gabrielle Union
Gabrielle Union
and reunited DuVernay with her Middle of Nowhere star Emayatzy Corinealdi. The film premiered online in February 2013[69] and was presented at the Venice Days sidebar of the 70th Venice International Film Festival in August.[70] Also in August 2013, DuVernay released, through Vimeo,[71] a second branded short film entitled Say Yes.[72] The film was sponsored by cosmetic brand Fashion Fair and starred Kali Hawk and Lance Gross with Julie Dash, Victoria Mahoney, Lorraine Toussaint
Lorraine Toussaint
and Issa Rae appearing as extras. In 2015, Apple Music
Apple Music
and their ad agency Translation hired DuVernay to helm a series of three commercials starring Mary J. Blige, Taraji P. Henson and Kerry Washington. The first ad, Chapter 1, premiered during Fox's Emmy broadcast on September 20, 2015.[73] Chapter 2 and Chapter 3 debuted in November 2015 and February 2016, respectively.[74] Her music video for the Jay-Z
Jay-Z
ft. Beyoncé
Beyoncé
song "Family Feud" premiered December 29, 2017 on Tidal. It features guest appearances by Michael B. Jordan, Thandie Newton, Trevante Rhodes, Jessica Chastain, Irene Bedard, Omari Hardwick, Emayatzy Corinealdi, David Oyelowo, America Ferrera, Aisha Hinds, Henry G. Sanders, Storm Reid, Susan Kelechi Watson, Brie Larson, Constance Wu, Niecy Nash, Rosario Dawson, Janet Mock, Rashida Jones, Mindy Kaling, and Blue Ivy Carter.[75] Film distribution and production[edit] In 2010 DuVernay began AFFRM
AFFRM
( African-American
African-American
Film Festival Releasing Movement), her own company to distribute films made by or focusing on black people. DuVernay refers to AFFRM
AFFRM
as "not so much a business, but a call to action":[76] Although building strong business foundations for films is a priority, DuVernay stresses that the driving force of the organization is activism.[77] In 2015 the company rebranded itself under the name ARRAY, promising a new focus on women filmmakers as well. DuVernay also owns Forward Movement, a film and television production company.[77] Future projects[edit] In 2013, she announced development on a narrative feature film entitled Part of the Sky and set in Compton.[78] In 2015, it was announced that DuVernay would be writing, producing, and directing a fictional account which will focus on the "social and environmental" aspects of Hurricane Katrina
Hurricane Katrina
while including a love story and a murder mystery.[79] David Oyelowo
David Oyelowo
was said to be part of the project.[80] In 2018, it was announced that DuVernay would be directing a New Gods film for the DC Extended Universe.[81] Other work[edit] In September 2013, DuVernay started a podcast series called The Call-In,[82] a series of phone conversations recorded by AFFRM
AFFRM
of Black filmmakers of feature narrative and documentary work. On March 14, 2015, DuVernay gave a keynote address[83] at the 2015 SXSW
SXSW
Film Festival.[84][85] In the speech, DuVernay shared that she was the seventh choice of people asked to direct Selma[86] and described her experience at the 2015 Oscars, while being an honor to be able to attend, it was just "a room in L.A."[87] In February 2018 it was announced DuVernay, along with producer Dan Lin and Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti, launched the Evolve Entertainment Fund. The fund's mission is to promote inclusion and provide an opportunity for under-served communities to pursue a dream in the entertainment industry.[88] Style and themes[edit] Michael T. Martin has said "DuVernay is among the vanguard of a new generation of African American filmmakers who are the busily undeterred catalyst for what may very well be a black film renaissance in the making."[77] He further speaks of DuVernay’s mission and "call to action" which constitutes a strategy "to further and foster the black cinematic image in an organized and consistent way, and to not have to defer and ask permission to traffic our films: to be self-determining."[77] Filmography[edit] Film[edit]

Year Title Credited as Notes

Director Story writer Screenwriter Producer

2006 Saturday Night Life Yes Yes No Short film

2007 Compton in C Minor Yes No No Yes Documentary film

2008 This is the Life: How the West Was One Yes Yes Yes Documentary film Co-producer with Spencer Averick, Isaac Klotz, Ellene Miles and Omid Walizadeh

2010 I Will Follow Yes Yes Yes Narrative film debut Co-producer with Denise Sexton, Howard Barish, Tilane Jones and Molly M. Mayeux

2012 Middle of Nowhere Yes Yes Yes Co-producer with Howard Barish, Paul Garnes and Tilane Jones

2013 The Door Yes Yes Yes Short film from Women's Tales Co-producer with Howard Barish and Tilane Jones

2013 Say Yes Yes Yes No Short film for Ebony Fashion Fair Cosmetics[89]

2014 Selma Yes No Uncredited Executive

2016 August 28: A Day in the Life of a People Yes Yes Yes Documentary short film for the National Museum of African American History and Culture Co-producer with Paul Garnes, Tammy Garnes and Tilane Jones

2016 13th Yes Yes Yes Documentary film Co-writer with Spencer Averick Co-producer with Spencer Averick, Howard Barish, Tilane Jones, Mercedes Yolanda Cooper and Michael Nell

2018 A Wrinkle in Time Yes No No No First big-budget film

TBA New Gods Yes Yes No No Co-story writer with Kario Salem

Television[edit]

Year Title Role Notes

2010 TV One Night Only: Live from the Essence Music Festival Director, writer Television documentary

2010 My Mic Sounds Nice: A Truth About Women and Hip Hop Director, executive producer Television documentary

2010 Essence Presents: Faith Through the Storm Director, writer, producer Television documentary

2013 Venus Vs. Director, writer Television documentary

2013 HelloBeautiful Interludes Live: John Legend Director Television documentary

2013 Scandal Director Episode "Vermont is for Lovers, Too"

2015 For Justice Director, executive producer Unaired television pilot

2015–2016 Chapter 1, Chapter 2, Chapter 3 Director Series of three commercials for Apple Music

2016–present Queen Sugar Creator, writer, director, executive producer Television series

2017 Family Feud Director, writer, producer Music video for Jay-Z
Jay-Z
ft. Beyoncé

Awards, nominations, honors[edit]

In 2012, Variety featured Duvernay in its Women's Impact Report. In June 2013, she was invited to both the director's and writer's branches of AMPAS.[90] DuVernay was only the second black woman, following Kasi Lemmons, to be invited to the director's branch. Duvernay became the inaugural recipient of the Tribeca Film Institute's Heineken
Heineken
Affinity Award, receiving a $20,000 prize and industry support for future projects. DuVernay donated all the money to AFFRM, the black arthouse film collective she founded.[91] In June 2015, Duvernay was honored as part of Women in Film Crystal + Lucy Awards with the Dorothy Arzner
Dorothy Arzner
Directors Award.[92] In April 2015 DuVernay was chosen as one of Mattel's "Sheros" of 2015. As such a custom-made one-of-a-kind Barbie
Barbie
in DuVernay's likeness was produced. The doll was auctioned off with the proceeds given to charity.[93] Due to high demand, a collectible version of the doll was produced and sold in December of that year.[94] In 2017, DuVernay became the first black woman nominated for an Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Documentary Feature, for her film 13th.[95][96] In 2018, DuVernay won Entertainer of the Year at the 49th NAACP Image Awards for her work in 2017.[97]

Year Award Category Work Result

2011 African-American
African-American
Film Critics Best Screenplay I Will Follow Won

2012 Black Reel Awards Best Screenplay Nominated

Best Director Nominated

NAACP Image Awards Outstanding Independent Motion Picture Nominated

Sundance Film Festival Directing Award Middle of Nowhere Won

Grand Jury Prize Nominated

Film Independent Spirit Awards Independent Spirit John Cassavetes Award Won

Humanitas Prize Sundance Film Nominated

African-American
African-American
Film Critics Best Independent Film Won

Best Screenplay Won

Best Picture Nominated

Alliance of Women Film Journalists Best Woman Screenwriter Nominated

Women Film Critics Circle Josephine Baker Award Won

2013 Black Reel Awards Best Director Won

Best Screenplay Won

Best Film Nominated

Gotham Awards Best Feature Nominated

2014 Online Film Critics Society Award Best Director Selma Nominated

Black Film Critics Circle Best Director Won[98]

Central Ohio Film Critics Association Best Director Won

Breakthrough Film Artist Won

Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award Best Director Nominated

Georgia Film Critics Association Best Director Nominated

Breakthrough Award Nominated

Golden Globe Award Best Director Nominated

Alliance of Women Film Journalists Best Director Nominated

Best Woman Director Won

Female Icon of the Year Won

Critics' Choice Movie
Movie
Awards Best Director Nominated

Satellite Awards Best Director Nominated

Film Independent Spirit Awards Best Director Nominated

African-American
African-American
Film Critics Association Best Director Won

Black Reel Awards Black Reel Award for Best Director Won

NAACP Image Award Outstanding Director Nominated

Online Film Critics Society Best Director Nominated

Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Awards Best Director Nominated

2016 Grammy Awards Best Compilation Soundtrack for Visual Media Nominated

Alliance of Women Film Journalists Best Woman Director 13th Won

Outstanding Achievement by a Woman in the Film Industry Won

Black Reel Awards Best Film Nominated

Best Feature Documentary Won

Critics' Choice Documentary Awards Best Director (TV/Streaming) Won

Women Film Critics Circle Best Woman Storyteller (Screenwriting Award) Won

Courage in Filmmaking Won

2017 Academy Award Best Documentary Feature Nominated

Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Documentary or Nonfiction Special Won

Outstanding Directing for Nonfiction Programming Nominated

Outstanding Writing for Nonfiction Programming Won

DuVernay test[edit] Main article: Bechdel test The "DuVernay test" is the race equivalent of the Bechdel test
Bechdel test
(for women in movies), as suggested by New York Times
New York Times
film critic Manohla Dargis in January 2016, asking whether "African-Americans and other minorities have fully realized lives rather than serve as scenery in white stories."[99] It aims to point out the lack of people of color in Hollywood
Hollywood
movies, through a measure of their importance to a particular movie or the lack of a gratuitous link to white actors.[100] References[edit]

^ Demby, Gene (January 30, 2012). "Sundance 2012: Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
Becomes First Black Woman To Win Best Director Prize For Middle Of Nowhere". The Huffington Post. Retrieved January 30, 2012.  ^ Farabee, Mindy (December 20, 2012). " Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
no longer in 'Middle of Nowhere'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 24, 2014.  ^ "Golden Globes: 'Selma's' Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
Becomes First Black Woman to Receive Director Nomination". The Hollywood
Hollywood
Reporter. December 11, 2014. Retrieved December 11, 2014.  ^ Suskind, Alex (December 17, 2014). "How Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
struck a chord with Selma". The Guardian. Retrieved January 13, 2015.  ^ a b Keegan, Rebecca (August 3, 2016). "With 'A Wrinkle In Time,' Ava DuVernay will pass a milestone". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 19, 2017.  ^ a b c "Ava DuVernay". Biography.com. May 24, 2016. Retrieved September 22, 2016.  ^ Stated on Finding Your Roots, PBS, October 24, 2017. ^ Cunningham, Todd (August 16, 2015). " Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
Reviews 'Straight Outta Compton' in 18 Tweets: 'They Got It Right'". TheWrap. Retrieved September 22, 2016.  ^ "SJ Alumna Receives A Golden Globe Nomination". St. Joseph's High School. Retrieved January 13, 2015.  ^ a b c Wright, Bekah (October 1, 2012). "Direct Action". UCLA Magazine. Retrieved November 24, 2014.  ^ Traister, Rebecca (September 19, 2016). "In Conversation: Ava DuVernay". The Cut. Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ a b c "Saturday Night". Agoralumiere. Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ Simon, Bob (February 8, 2015). "Where 'Selma' Meets Hollywood" (TV interview/segment). 60 Minutes. CBS
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News. Retrieved February 14, 2015.  ^ Edwards, Gavin (January 5, 2015). "We Shall Overcome: Ava DuVernay on Making 'Selma'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 13, 2015.  ^ Stewart, Alicia W. (October 25, 2012). "Filmmaker Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
uses a lens of legacy". CNN. Retrieved November 24, 2014.  ^ a b Rickey, Carrie (October 5, 2012). "She's a Graduate of an Unusual Film School". The New York Times. Retrieved September 24, 2016.  ^ a b c Cooper, Nekisa (November 1, 2012). "Love on the Outside". Filmmaker. Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ Victoria, Da'ryl (March 23, 2016). "Breaking Barriers: Ava DuVernay Directs Things Her Way". The Source. Retrieved February 2, 2018.  ^ Pollard-Terry, Gayle (July 5, 2003). "Style videos could start a new wave of good hair days". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ Mitchell, Gail (November 1, 2003). "Firms Create Novel Marketing Twists". Billboard. Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ "DVA Media + Marketing". Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ a b "HelloBeautiful.com Premieres Interludes Live! With Superstar John Legend
John Legend
On TV One Saturday Sep 14th @ 10 PM". PRNewswire. September 13, 2013. Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ The source says 2006 but that's impossible as the film was shown at the Marché du Film
Marché du Film
in 2006. See "Saturday Night". Agoralumiere. Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ Williams, Kam (March 17, 2009). " Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
'This Is the Life' Interview with Kam Williams". NewsBlaze. Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ Brown, Emma (October 11, 2012). "In the Middle of Somewhere with Ava DuVernay and Emayatzy Corinealdi". Interview. Retrieved January 13, 2015.  ^ "Plot". IMDb. Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ "Middle of Nowhere – Writer/Director Ava DuVernay". Filmmaker. January 20, 2012. Retrieved November 24, 2014.  ^ Ebert, Roger. "I Will Follow". Ebert Presents: At the Movies. Retrieved February 24, 2012.  ^ Ebert, Roger (March 8, 2011). "I Will Follow". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ Fernandez, Jay A. (January 10, 2012). "Sundance Preview: Competition Drama 'Middle of Nowhere'". The Hollywood
Hollywood
Reporter. Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ Smith, Celia L. (February 24, 2013). " Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
Wins Independent Spirit Award for 'Middle of Nowhere'". Essence. Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ Davis, Rachaell (September 22, 2016). "Why Is August 28 So Special To Black People? Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
Reveals All In New NMAAHC Film". Essence. Retrieved December 2, 2016.  ^ Obenson, Tambay (July 11, 2013). "Huge! Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
Tapped By Brad Pitt's Plan B To Take Over Lee Daniels' 'Selma'". IndieWire. Retrieved July 16, 2013.  ^ Jagernauth, Kevin (June 20, 2014). "Ava DuVernay's 'Selma' Enters Oscar Race, Sets Christmas Day Release". IndieWire. Retrieved December 3, 2014.  ^ Hornaday, Ann (December 26, 2014). "DuVernay, David Oyelowo
David Oyelowo
on breaking Martin Luther King Jr. out of myth and into life". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 20, 2015.  ^ Brody, Richard (December 29, 2014). "The Crucial Lessons of Democracy in "Selma"". The New Yorker. Retrieved January 20, 2015.  ^ Milliken, Mary (January 6, 2015). "'Selma' director makes history before awards are bestowed". Reuters. Retrieved January 20, 2015.  ^ Harris, Mark (January 28, 2015). "How 'Selma' Got Smeared: On historical drama and its malcontents". Grantland. Retrieved January 28, 2015.  ^ a b Goodman, Amy (January 27, 2015). "Selma Director Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
on Hollywood's Lack of Diversity, Oscar Snub and #OscarsSoWhite Hashtag". Democracy Now!. Retrieved January 28, 2015.  ^ "List of 87th Academy Award
Academy Award
Winners". ABC News. Associated Press. February 23, 2015. Retrieved February 23, 2015.  ^ "Oscars 2015: A Look at Biggest Latino Oscar Winners of the Past". LatinPost. February 22, 2015. Retrieved February 23, 2015.  ^ Cox, Gordon (July 19, 2016). "2016 New York Film Festival
New York Film Festival
to Open With Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
Documentary 'The 13th'". Variety. Retrieved February 2, 2017.  ^ Smith, Nigel M. (September 26, 2016). "The 13th: inside Ava DuVernay's Netflix
Netflix
prison documentary on racial inequality". The Guardian. Retrieved February 2, 2017.  ^ Lockett, Dee (19 July 2016). "Ava DuVernay's The 13th Will Be the First Documentary to Ever Open the New York Film Festival". Vulture. Retrieved February 2, 2017.  ^ "13th (2016)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved September 30, 2016.  ^ "Oscar Nominations". The Oscars. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved January 24, 2017.  ^ Garcia, Patricia (February 6, 2017). " Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
Doesn't Want Praise, She Wants Change". Vogue. Retrieved March 11, 2018.  ^ "Peabody Awards: Norman Lear, 'Lemonade,' 'Atlanta,' 'Veep' Among Winners". The Hollywood
Hollywood
Reporter. Retrieved 2018-03-15.  ^ Kendrick, Ben (March 23, 2010). "Script in the Works for 'A Wrinkle in Time'". Screen Rant. Retrieved February 24, 2016.  ^ Fernandez, Jay (October 14, 2010). "Bedrock taps Jeff Stockwell to adapt 'Wrinkle'". The Hollywood
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Reporter. Retrieved February 10, 2010.  ^ McNary, Dave (August 5, 2014). "'Frozen' Director Jennifer Lee to Adapt 'A Wrinkle in Time' for Disney". Variety. Retrieved August 5, 2014.  ^ Han, Angie (August 5, 2014). "'Frozen' Director Jennifer Lee to Adapt 'A Wrinkle in Time'". /Film. Retrieved August 5, 2014.  ^ Kit, Borys (February 8, 2016). " Lupita Nyong'o
Lupita Nyong'o
in Talks to Star in Sci-Fi Thriller With Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
Eyed to Direct (Exclusive)". The Hollywood
Hollywood
Reporter. Retrieved February 9, 2016.  ^ CNN, Lisa Respers France,. "This weekend was the first time films by black directors with mega budgets held the top 2 spots at the box office". CNN. Retrieved 2018-03-13.  ^ Kirsten Chuba (March 7, 2018). "'A Wrinkle in Time' Reviews: What the Critics Are Saying". Variety. Retrieved March 7, 2018.  ^ "TV One features specials of the 2010 Essence Music Festival, Washington Watch and Life After, Aug. 29-30". The Philadelphia Sunday. August 29, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ "Female Emcees Say 'My Mic Sounds Nice'". NPR. August 30, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ Gilmore, Jason (November 12, 2010). "An Interview with Ava DuVernay". Intrepid Media. Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ "Nine for IX: 'Venus Vs.'". ESPN. June 26, 2013. Archived from the original on May 27, 2013.  ^ Obenson, Tambay A. (July 12, 2013). " Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
Will Direct An Episode Of 'Scandal' Next Season". IndieWire. Retrieved December 3, 2014.  ^ Goldberg, Lesley (March 10, 2015). "'Selma's' Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
'For Justice'". The Hollywood
Hollywood
Reporter. Retrieved March 9, 2015.  ^ Andreeva, Nellie (February 2, 2015). "Oprah Winfrey To Co-Star In & Co-Create With 'Selma' Filmmaker Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
'Queen Sugar' OWN Drama Series". Deadline.com. Retrieved February 2, 2015.  ^ Wilson, Stacey (February 18, 2015). "'Selma' Director Ava DuVernay on 'Awkward and Weird' First Meeting With Oprah Winfrey". The Hollywood
Hollywood
Reporter. Retrieved February 18, 2015.  ^ " Queen Sugar (2016 - 2017)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved September 30, 2016.  ^ Patten, Dominic (August 1, 2016). "Ava DuVernay-Directed 'Queen Sugar' Gets Season 2 Pickup From OWN – TCA". Retrieved August 2, 2016.  ^ "OWN Gives 'Queen Sugar' an Early 16-Episode Second Season Renewal + A New Trailer". August 1, 2016. Retrieved August 2, 2016.  ^ Porter, Rick (July 26, 2017). "'Queen Sugar' scores Season 3 renewal on OWN". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved July 26, 2017.  ^ ""The Door" by Ava DuVernay: Women's Tales #5". Miu Miu. Retrieved December 3, 2014.  ^ Rachel Small (February 11, 2013). " Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
Brings Us Through the Door". Interview. Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ Rothe, E. Nina (August 30, 2013). "Best of Venice 70: 'Miu Miu Women's Tales' – The Door and Le Donne della Vucciri". The Huffington Post. Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ DuVernay Say Yes on Vimeo, uploaded August 8, 2013. ^ "Fashion Fair presents Say Yes by Ava DuVernay". Ebony. August 16, 2013. Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ Diaz, Ann-Christine (September 21, 2015). "How Apple Music's Star-Studded Emmys Ad Came Together". AdAge. Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ "Ava DuVernay". Creativity. Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ Ramos, Dino-Ray (December 30, 2017). "Jay-Z's 'Family Feud' Directed By Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
Enlists A-List Cast For Future-Is-Female Utopia". Deadline.com. Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ Cieply, Michael (January 7, 2011). "Building an Alliance to Aid Films by Blacks". The New York Times. Retrieved January 13, 2015.  ^ a b c d Martin, Michael T. (Fall 2014). "Conversations with Ava DuVernay—"A Call to Action": Organizing Principles of an Activist Cinematic Practice". Black Camera. 6 (1): 57–91. doi:10.2979/blackcamera.6.1.57.  ^ " Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
Heineken
Heineken
Affinity Award". Strutta. Archived from the original on October 30, 2014.  ^ Rosenberg, Alyssa (January 26, 2015). "'Selma' criticism isn't stopping Ava DuVernay". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 28, 2015.  ^ Gettell, Oliver (January 26, 2015). "Ava DuVernay, David Oyelowo
David Oyelowo
to reunite on Hurricane Katrina
Hurricane Katrina
drama". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 28, 2015.  ^ McNary, Dave (March 16, 2018). " Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
to Direct DC's Superhero Epic 'New Gods'". Variety. Retrieved 16 March 2018.  ^ Macaulay, Scott (September 19, 2013). " Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
and AFFRM
AFFRM
Launch Podcast, 'The Call In,' with Andrew Dosumnu". Filmmaker. Retrieved March 18, 2015.  ^ Setoodeh, Ramin (March 14, 2015). "'Selma's' Ava DuVernay: 'Studios Aren't Lining Up for Black Protagonists'". Variety. Retrieved March 19, 2015.  ^ " Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
Keynote". SXSW. Retrieved March 19, 2015.  ^ Obenson, Tambay A. (March 17, 2015). "Watch Ava DuVernay's Rousing SXSW
SXSW
Keynote Address". IndieWire. Retrieved March 19, 2015.  ^ Canfield, David (March 18, 2015). "SXSW: The 7 Best Things We Learned From Ava DuVernay's Keynote Speech". IndieWire. Retrieved March 19, 2015.  ^ Abramovitch, Seth (March 14, 2015). "SXSW: Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
Calls Oscars a "Room in L.A." at Rousing Keynote". The Hollywood
Hollywood
Reporter. Retrieved March 19, 2015.  ^ McNary, Dave (2018-02-12). "Ava DuVernay, Dan Lin, Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti
Eric Garcetti
Launch Inclusion Fund". Variety. Retrieved 2018-02-13.  ^ http://www.ebony.com/style/fashion-fair-presents-say-yes-by-ava-duvernay-987 ^ Weisman, Jon (June 28, 2013). "Film Academy Invites 276 New Members". Variety. Retrieved December 3, 2014.  ^ "Tribeca Film Institute's Inaugural Heineken
Heineken
Affinity Award Goes To Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
($20,000 + Industry Support)". IndieWire. April 21, 2013. Retrieved December 3, 2014.  ^ Kang, Inkoo (March 31, 2015). "Nicole Kidman, Ava DuVernay, Jill Soloway Among Women in Film's 2015 Crystal + Lucy Awardees". IndieWire. Retrieved April 1, 2015.  ^ Lee, Benjamin (April 24, 2015). "Holding out for a Shero: Selma director Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
gets her own Barbie
Barbie
doll". The Guardian. Retrieved December 7, 2015.  ^ Cunningham, Todd (December 6, 2015). " Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
Barbie
Barbie
Doll to Go on Sale Monday, Director Says". TheWrap. Retrieved December 7, 2015.  ^ Riley, Jenelle (October 3, 2016). "2017 Oscars: Diversity Makes Comeback, Record Six Black Actor Nominees". Variety. Retrieved January 25, 2017.  ^ "Best Documentary Feature". Daily Herald. January 18, 2017. Retrieved January 25, 2017.  ^ "NAACP Image Awards: Full List of Winners". The Hollywood
Hollywood
Reporter. January 14, 2018. Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ Tapley, Kristopher (December 23, 2014). "'Selma' dominates Black Film Critics Circle awards". HitFix. Retrieved December 24, 2014.  ^ Dargis, Manohla (January 29, 2016). "Sundance Fights Tide With Films Like 'The Birth of a Nation'". The New York Times. Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ Evans, Dayna (February 1, 2016). "Could This Be the Bechdel Test for Race". The Cut. Retrieved February 4, 2018. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ava DuVernay.

Official website Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
on Twitter
Twitter
Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
on IMDb Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
– Videos produced by Makers: Women Who Make America

v t e

Works of Ava DuVernay

Films directed

This Is the Life (2008) I Will Follow (2010) Middle of Nowhere (2012) Selma (2014) 13th (2016) A Wrinkle in Time
A Wrinkle in Time
(2018)

Television series

Queen Sugar (2016–present)

v t e

Britannia Awards

Excellence in Film

Albert R. Broccoli
Albert R. Broccoli
(1989) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(1990) Peter Ustinov
Peter Ustinov
(1992) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1993) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1995) Bob Weinstein and Harvey Weinstein
Harvey Weinstein
(1996) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1997) John Travolta
John Travolta
(1998) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(1999) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2000) George Lucas
George Lucas
(2002) Hugh Grant
Hugh Grant
(2003) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2004) Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
(2005) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2006) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2007) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2008) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2009) Jeff Bridges
Jeff Bridges
(2010) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2011) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2012) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2013) Robert Downey Jr.
Robert Downey Jr.
(2014) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2015) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(2016) Matt Damon
Matt Damon
(2017)

Excellence in Directing

Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(2003) Jim Sheridan (2004) Mike Newell (2005) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(2006) Martin Campbell
Martin Campbell
(2007) Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
(2008) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2009) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2010) David Yates
David Yates
(2011) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2012) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2013) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2014) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(2015) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2016) Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
(2017)

Worldwide Contribution to Entertainment

Howard Stringer
Howard Stringer
(2003) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(2009) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
& Tony Scott
Tony Scott
(2010) John Lasseter
John Lasseter
(2011) Will Wright (2012) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
(2013) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2014) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2015) Samuel L. Jackson
Samuel L. Jackson
(2016) Kenneth Branagh
Kenneth Branagh
(2017)

British Artist of the Year

Rachel Weisz
Rachel Weisz
(2006) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2007) Tilda Swinton
Tilda Swinton
(2008) Emily Blunt
Emily Blunt
(2009) Michael Sheen
Michael Sheen
(2010) Helena Bonham Carter
Helena Bonham Carter
(2011) Daniel Craig
Daniel Craig
(2012) Benedict Cumberbatch
Benedict Cumberbatch
(2013) Emma Watson
Emma Watson
(2014) James Corden
James Corden
(2015) Felicity Jones
Felicity Jones
(2016) Claire Foy (2017)

Excellence in Comedy

Betty White
Betty White
(2010) Ben Stiller
Ben Stiller
(2011) Trey Parker
Trey Parker
and Matt Stone
Matt Stone
(2012) Sacha Baron Cohen
Sacha Baron Cohen
(2013) Julia Louis-Dreyfus
Julia Louis-Dreyfus
(2014) Amy Schumer
Amy Schumer
(2015) Ricky Gervais
Ricky Gervais
(2016) Aziz Ansari
Aziz Ansari
(2017)

Excellence in Television

Aaron Spelling
Aaron Spelling
(1999) HBO
HBO
Original Programming (2002) Dick Van Dyke
Dick Van Dyke
(2017)

Humanitarian Award

Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis
(2007) Don Cheadle
Don Cheadle
(2008) Colin Firth
Colin Firth
(2009) Idris Elba
Idris Elba
(2013) Mark Ruffalo
Mark Ruffalo
(2014) Orlando Bloom
Orlando Bloom
(2015) Ewan McGregor
Ewan McGregor
(2016)

Retired Awards

BBC
BBC
(1999) Tarsem Singh
Tarsem Singh
(1999) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(2003) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2004) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(2005) Ronald Neame
Ronald Neame
(2005) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(2006) Bob Shaye and Michael Lynne (2007)

v t e

Black Reel Award for Outstanding Director

2000-2009

Malcolm D. Lee (2000) Gina Prince-Bythewood
Gina Prince-Bythewood
(2001) Antoine Fuqua
Antoine Fuqua
(2002) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2003) F. Gary Gray
F. Gary Gray
(2004) Mario Van Peebles
Mario Van Peebles
(2005) Thomas Carter (2006) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
(2007) Gina Prince-Bythewood
Gina Prince-Bythewood
(2008) no awards in 2009

2010-present

Lee Daniels
Lee Daniels
(2010) Albert Hughes and Allen Hughes (2011) Steve McQueen (2012) Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
(2013) Steve McQueen (2014) Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
(2015) Ryan Coogler
Ryan Coogler
(2016) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
(2017) Jordan Peele
Jordan Peele
(2018)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 181761687 LCCN: no2011127416 ISNI: 0000 0003 5624 500X GND: 1073302040 SUDOC: 188224491 BNF: cb1698

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