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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

For the football club, see AJ Auxerre. Auxerre
Auxerre
(French pronunciation: ​[osɛʁ]) is the capital of the Yonne
Yonne
department and the fourth-largest city in Burgundy. Auxerre's population today is about 39,000;[1] the metropolitan area comprises roughly 92,000 inhabitants.[citation needed] Residents of Auxerre
Auxerre
are referred to as Auxerrois. Auxerre
Auxerre
is a commercial and industrial centre, with industries including food production, woodworking and batteries. It is also noted for its production of Burgundy
Burgundy
wine, including world-famous Chablis. In 1995 Auxerre
Auxerre
was named "Town of Art and History".[2][better source needed]

Contents

1 History 2 Climate 3 Main sights 4 Personalities 5 Specialties 6 Famous regional wines 7 International relations

7.1 Twin towns and sister cities

8 See also 9 References 10 External links

History[edit]

Clock Tower

Old Slide

Auxerre
Auxerre
was a flourishing Gallo-Roman centre, then called Autissiodorum, through which passed one of the main roads of the area, the Via Agrippa (1st century AD) which crossed the Yonne
Yonne
River (Gallo-Roman Icauna) here. In the third century it became the seat of a bishop[3] and a provincial capital of the Roman Empire. In the 5th century it received a Cathedral. In the late 11th-early 12th century the existing communities were included inside a new line of walls built by the feudal counts of Auxerre. Bourgeois activities accompanied the traditional land and wine cultivations starting from the twelfth century, and Auxerre
Auxerre
developed into a commune with a Town Hall of its own. The Burgundian city, which became part of France
France
under King Louis XI, suffered during the Hundred Years' War and the Wars of Religion. In 1567 it was captured by the Huguenots, and many of the Catholic edifices were damaged. The medieval ramparts were demolished in the 18th century. In the 19th century numerous heavy infrastructures were built, including a railway station, a psychiatric hospital and the courts, and new quarters were developed on the right bank of the Yonne. Up until recently, Auxerre
Auxerre
was one of the most prosperous cities in the country.[citation needed] Climate[edit]

Climate data for Auxerre
Auxerre
(1981–2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 16.8 (62.2) 23.0 (73.4) 26.6 (79.9) 29.8 (85.6) 32.1 (89.8) 37.7 (99.9) 39.6 (103.3) 41.1 (106) 35.3 (95.5) 31.3 (88.3) 22.8 (73) 18.4 (65.1) 41.1 (106)

Average high °C (°F) 6.3 (43.3) 7.9 (46.2) 12.2 (54) 15.6 (60.1) 19.8 (67.6) 23.0 (73.4) 26.1 (79) 25.8 (78.4) 21.5 (70.7) 16.6 (61.9) 10.2 (50.4) 6.7 (44.1) 16.0 (60.8)

Daily mean °C (°F) 3.6 (38.5) 4.4 (39.9) 7.8 (46) 10.5 (50.9) 14.5 (58.1) 17.7 (63.9) 20.2 (68.4) 20.0 (68) 16.3 (61.3) 12.4 (54.3) 7.1 (44.8) 4.1 (39.4) 11.6 (52.9)

Average low °C (°F) 0.8 (33.4) 0.9 (33.6) 3.3 (37.9) 5.3 (41.5) 9.2 (48.6) 12.3 (54.1) 14.4 (57.9) 14.1 (57.4) 11.0 (51.8) 8.2 (46.8) 4.0 (39.2) 1.6 (34.9) 7.1 (44.8)

Record low °C (°F) −20.2 (−4.4) −18.8 (−1.8) −11.6 (11.1) −5.2 (22.6) −1.0 (30.2) 3.0 (37.4) 5.8 (42.4) 4.0 (39.2) 0.5 (32.9) −2.9 (26.8) −8.8 (16.2) −15.1 (4.8) −20.2 (−4.4)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 56.3 (2.217) 47.7 (1.878) 48.9 (1.925) 56.0 (2.205) 69.5 (2.736) 61.5 (2.421) 53.9 (2.122) 59.3 (2.335) 61.1 (2.406) 70.8 (2.787) 61.1 (2.406) 61.2 (2.409) 707.3 (27.846)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 11.23 9.64 10.63 9.93 11.30 9.67 7.60 7.77 8.47 10.30 11.00 11.57 119.11

Average relative humidity (%) 87 82 77 72 76 74 71 73 78 85 87 88 79.2

Mean monthly sunshine hours 61.7 89.2 135.2 173.9 198.0 213.9 245.2 229.6 177.2 121.2 70.1 53.3 1,768.5

Source #1: Meteo climat[4][5]

Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity, 1961–1990)[6]

Main sights[edit]

A view of Auxerre's old town with Saint-Germain Abbey in the background.

Church of St. Pierre en Vallée, listed as monument.

Cathedral of St. Étienne (11th–16th centuries). In Gothic style, it is renowned for its three doorways with remarkable bas-reliefs. The stained glass windows in the choir and the apsidal chapel are among the finest in France. The 11th century crypt houses the remains of the former Romanesque cathedral. Abbey of Saint-Germain, existing from the ninth century. The crypt has some of the most ancient mural paintings in France, and houses the tomb of the bishops of Auxerre. Also interesting are the chapter room (12th century), the cellar (14th century) and the cloister (seventeenth century). The Clock tower, located in the Old Town The church of St. Pierre en Vallée (17th–18th centuries), established over a 6th-century abbey. In the style of late Gothic architecture, it has a tower similar to that of the cathedral. Portions of the decorations and inner chapels were financed by local winegrowers. Church of St. Eusèbe, founded in the 7th century. The nave was rebuilt in the 13th century, while the tower is in Romanesque style.

Personalities[edit]

Saint Helladius (d. 387), bishop of Auxerre Saint Patrick
Saint Patrick
(5th Century AD), Apostle to the Irish, visited Bishop Germanus of Auxerre
Germanus of Auxerre
here. According to the city's archives, it is said that St Patrick possibly studied in Auxerre
Auxerre
for about 2 years. Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier, (1768–1830), born in Auxerre, mathematician, experimental physicist, and politician.[7] Théodore Frédéric Gaillardet, (1808–1882), born in Auxerre, journalist, publisher of French-language newspaper Courrier des Etats-Unis in New York City, mayor of Plessis-Bouchard, France.[8] Eugène Hatin
Eugène Hatin
(1809–1893), historian and bibliographer Paul Bert
Paul Bert
(1833-1886), born in Auxerre, physiologist and politician. Marie-Noël (1883-1967), born in Auxerre, poet. Paul Monceaux (1859–1941), born in Auxerre, historian Jean Paul Rappeneau
Jean Paul Rappeneau
(1932), born in Auxerre, film director. Guy Roux
Guy Roux
(1938), coach of AJ Auxerre
AJ Auxerre
for more than 40 years, holding the French record of 894 games in Ligue 1. Guy Ferez, mayor of the city[9]

Specialties[edit]

Gougère: Baked choux pastry made of dough mixed with cheese. Kir (cocktail): A traditional aperitive mixed drink from Burgundy
Burgundy
Bourgogne Aligoté
Bourgogne Aligoté
and blackcurrant liquor. Boeuf bourguignon: a typical main dish made of beef and vegetables. Truffe bourguignonne: Truffles from Burgundy.

Famous regional wines[edit]

Chablis
Chablis
wine: One of the best white wines in the country, made exclusively of Chardonnay
Chardonnay
in the Chablis
Chablis
AOC Saint-Bris AOC: The one and only white wine in Burgundy
Burgundy
made of Sauvignon grapes, especially Sauvignon blanc
Sauvignon blanc
and Sauvignon gris Irancy: Perhaps the best red wine from the surrounding area - light and flavourful, made of Pinot noir Bourgogne côte d'Auxerre: Belongs to the Burgundy
Burgundy
AOC (wine), it is a light and fruity wine made of Chardonnay
Chardonnay
for the white wine and Pinot noir for the red. Crémant de Bourgogne: Sparkling wine following the tradition of Champagne, Crémant de Bourgogne
Crémant de Bourgogne
has a strong production in and around Auxerre. Bourgogne Aligoté: Dry wine. Aligoté is the second most popular grape variety grown in Burgundy
Burgundy
after Chardonnay.

The whole region of Burgundy
Burgundy
produces over 200 million bottles per year. International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France Twin towns and sister cities[edit] Auxerre
Auxerre
is twinned with:

Greve in Chianti, Italy Płock, Poland Redditch, United Kingdom[10] Roscoff, France Saint-Amarin, France Varaždin, Croatia Worms, Germany

See also[edit]

County of Auxerre Bishopric of Auxerre Cathédrale Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
d'Auxerre Lady of Auxerre Saint Germanus of Auxerre Remigius of Auxerre William of Auxerre Communes of the Yonne
Yonne
department AJ Auxerre, the local football club

References[edit]

INSEE

^ Populations légales 2007 de la commune d’Auxerre, INSEE ^ fr:Villes et Pays d'art et d'histoire ^ Councils were held here in 578 and 1147. ^ "Moyennes 1981/2010: Région Bourgogne" (in French). Météoclimat. Retrieved January 5, 2016.  ^ "STATION Auxerre" (in French). Météoclimat. Retrieved January 5, 2016.  ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Auxerre
Auxerre
(89) - altitude 207m" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved January 5, 2016.  ^ Howard Eves (1990). An Introduction to the History of Mathematics (sixth ed.). Saunders College Publishing.  ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.  ^ http://www.auxerre.com/le-conseil-municipal/-/asset_publisher/wSX2ZF317i0N/content/le-maire-et-les-adjoints;jsessionid=B3982CB610ED83B397233D4FF03687CB ^ "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 2013-07-11. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Auxerre.

 Goyau, Georges (1913). "Sens". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.  Auxerre
Auxerre
Town Hall (in French)  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Auxerre". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

v t e

Prefectures of departments of France

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Bourg-en-Bresse
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Laon
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Digne-les-Bains
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France
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Mamoudzou
(Mayotte)

v t e

Communes of the Yonne
Yonne
department

Aigremont Aisy-sur-Armançon Ancy-le-Franc Ancy-le-Libre Andryes Angely Annay-la-Côte Annay-sur-Serein Annéot Annoux Appoigny Arces-Dilo Arcy-sur-Cure Argentenay Argenteuil-sur-Armançon Armeau Arthonnay Asnières-sous-Bois Asquins Athie Augy Auxerre Avallon Bagneaux Baon Bassou Bazarnes Beaumont Beauvilliers Beauvoir Beine Bellechaume La Belliole Béon Bernouil Béru Bessy-sur-Cure Beugnon Bierry-les-Belles-Fontaines Blacy Blannay Bleigny-le-Carreau Bléneau Bœurs-en-Othe Bois-d'Arcy Bonnard Les Bordes Branches Brannay Brienon-sur-Armançon Brion Brosses Bussières Bussy-en-Othe Bussy-le-Repos Butteaux Carisey La Celle-Saint-Cyr Censy Cérilly Cerisiers Cézy Chablis Chailley Chamoux Champcevrais Champignelles Champigny Champlay Champlost Champs-sur-Yonne Chamvres La Chapelle-sur-Oreuse La Chapelle-Vaupelteigne Charbuy Charentenay Charmoy Charny-Orée-de-Puisaye Chassignelles Chassy Chastellux-sur-Cure Châtel-Censoir Châtel-Gérard Chaumont Chaumot Chemilly-sur-Serein Chemilly-sur-Yonne Cheney Cheny Chéroy Chéu Chevannes Chichée Chichery Chitry Cisery Les Clérimois Collan Collemiers Compigny Cornant Coulangeron Coulanges-la-Vineuse Coulanges-sur-Yonne Coulours Courgenay Courgis Courlon-sur-Yonne Courson-les-Carrières Courtoin Courtois-sur-Yonne Coutarnoux Crain Cruzy-le-Châtel Cry Cudot Cussy-les-Forges Cuy Dannemoine Deux Rivières Diges Dissangis Dixmont Dollot Domats Domecy-sur-Cure Domecy-sur-le-Vault Dracy Druyes-les-Belles-Fontaines Dyé Égleny Égriselles-le-Bocage Épineau-les-Voves Épineuil Escamps Escolives-Sainte-Camille Esnon Étais-la-Sauvin Étaule Étigny Étivey Évry La Ferté-Loupière Festigny Flacy Fleury-la-Vallée Fleys Flogny-la-Chapelle Foissy-lès-Vézelay Foissy-sur-Vanne Fontaine-la-Gaillarde Fontaines Fontenay-près-Chablis Fontenay-près-Vézelay Fontenay-sous-Fouronnes Fontenoy Fouchères Fournaudin Fouronnes Fresnes Fulvy Germigny Gigny Girolles Gisy-les-Nobles Givry Gland Grimault Gron Guillon Gurgy Gy-l'Évêque Hauterive Les Hauts de Forterre Héry Irancy Island L'Isle-sur-Serein Jaulges Joigny Jouancy Joux-la-Ville Jouy Jully Junay Jussy Lailly Lain Lainsecq Lalande Laroche-Saint-Cydroine Lasson Lavau Leugny Levis Lézinnes Lichères-près-Aigremont Lichères-sur-Yonne Lignorelles Ligny-le-Châtel Lindry Lixy Looze Lucy-le-Bois Lucy-sur-Cure Lucy-sur-Yonne Magny Maillot Mailly-la-Ville Mailly-le-Château Malay-le-Grand Malay-le-Petit Maligny Marmeaux Marsangy Massangis Mélisey Menades Mercy Méré Merry-la-Vallée Merry-Sec Merry-sur-Yonne Mézilles Michery Migé Migennes Môlay Molinons Molosmes Monéteau Montacher-Villegardin Montholon Montigny-la-Resle Montillot Montréal Mont-Saint-Sulpice Mouffy Moulins-en-Tonnerrois Moulins-sur-Ouanne Moutiers-en-Puisaye Nailly Neuvy-Sautour Nitry Noé Noyers Nuits Les Ormes Ormoy Ouanne Pacy-sur-Armançon Pailly Parly Paron Paroy-en-Othe Paroy-sur-Tholon Pasilly Passy Perceneige Percey Perrigny Perrigny-sur-Armançon Pierre-Perthuis Piffonds Pimelles Pisy Plessis-Saint-Jean Poilly-sur-Serein Poilly-sur-Tholon Pontaubert Pontigny Pont-sur-Vanne Pont-sur-Yonne La Postolle Pourrain Précy-le-Sec Précy-sur-Vrin Prégilbert Préhy Provency Quarré-les-Tombes Quenne Quincerot Ravières Roffey Rogny-les-Sept-Écluses Ronchères Rousson Rouvray Rugny Sainpuits Saint-Agnan Saint-André-en-Terre-Plaine Saint-Aubin-sur-Yonne Saint-Brancher Saint-Bris-le-Vineux Saint-Clément Saint-Cyr-les-Colons Saint-Denis-lès-Sens Sainte-Colombe Sainte-Colombe-sur-Loing Sainte-Magnance Sainte-Pallaye Sainte-Vertu Saint-Fargeau Saint-Florentin Saint-Georges-sur-Baulche Saint-Germain-des-Champs Saint-Julien-du-Sault Saint-Léger-Vauban Saint-Loup-d'Ordon Saint-Martin-des-Champs Saint-Martin-d'Ordon Saint-Martin-du-Tertre Saint-Martin-sur-Armançon Saint-Maurice-aux-Riches-Hommes Saint-Maurice-le-Vieil Saint-Maurice-Thizouaille Saint-Moré Saint-Père Saint-Privé Saints-en-Puisaye Saint-Sauveur-en-Puisaye Saint-Sérotin Saint-Valérien Saligny Sambourg Santigny Sarry Sauvigny-le-Beuréal Sauvigny-le-Bois Savigny-en-Terre-Plaine Savigny-sur-Clairis Sceaux Seignelay Sementron Senan Sennevoy-le-Bas Sennevoy-le-Haut Sens Sépeaux-Saint-Romain Serbonnes Sergines Sermizelles Serrigny Sery Les Sièges Sommecaise Sormery Soucy Sougères-en-Puisaye Soumaintrain Stigny Subligny Talcy Tanlay Tannerre-en-Puisaye Tharoiseau Tharot Thizy Thorey Thorigny-sur-Oreuse Thory Thury Tissey Tonnerre Toucy Treigny Trévilly Trichey Tronchoy Trucy-sur-Yonne Turny Val-de-Mercy Le Val-d'Ocre Vallan Les Vallées-de-la-Vanne Vallery Valravillon Varennes Vassy-sous-Pisy Vaudeurs Vault-de-Lugny Vaumort Venizy Venouse Venoy Vergigny Verlin Vermenton Vernoy Véron Vézannes Vézelay Vézinnes Vignes Villeblevin Villebougis Villechétive Villecien Villefargeau Villemanoche Villenavotte Villeneuve-la-Dondagre Villeneuve-la-Guyard Villeneuve-l'Archevêque Villeneuve-les-Genêts Villeneuve-Saint-Salves Villeneuve-sur-Yonne Villeperrot Villeroy Villethierry Villevallier Villiers-les-Hauts Villiers-Louis Villiers-Saint-Benoît Villiers-Vineux Villon Villy Vincelles Vincelottes Vinneuf Vireaux Viviers Voisines Voutenay-sur-Cure Yrouerre

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 146572630 LCCN: n79126964 GND: 4004000-8 SUDOC: 026497905 BNF: cb1527

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