The railway operator is National Railways of Zimbabwe.
total: 3,427 km (2012), 2,759 km (1995)
narrow gauge: 3,427 km of 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge (313 km electrified - de-energized 2008) (2002), 2,759 km of 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge (313 km electrified; 42 km double track) (1995 est.) (Because of unreliable power, the electrified section has been turned off in January 2008)
note: Note: that includes the 318 km Beitbridge Bulawayo Railway Company line (2002).
This class is sometimes called "National Roads or Highways". About 5% of the entire road network are primary roads. Primary roads are the most trafficked and most link neighbouring countries.One such road is the Zimbabwean portion of the Trans-African Highway as it passes through western Zimbabwe. This part of the road network plays a major role in the importation and exportation of the country's ware and transit freight. Among the primary roads some roads are classified as Regional Road Corridors, while some are just primary roads.
Regional Road Corridors are numbered R1, R2, R3 and so on. They may also be called by their original type and route name like A1, A2, A3 etc. In some cases one type "R" road may be comprise two or more type "A" routes; e.g. R2 comprises A5 and A7 (Harare-Pluntree Road). Ordinary primary roads are numbered P1, P2, P3 etc. These are primary roads but not convenient for cross-border traffic and services.
• R6 = (Chivhu-Nyazura)
• R8 = (Rutenga-Sango)
Source: [Map 9.2 Road Transport Network of Zimbabwe.]
• P1 = (Harare-Mt Darwin-Mukunbura)
• P2 = (Mt Darwin-Mukumbura) ? [Error on map]
• P3= (Marondera-Murehwa)
• P6= = (Chivhu-Mutare)
• P7= (Mbalabala-Masvingo)
• P8= (Kwekwe-Nkayi)
• P9= (Nkayi-Lupane)
• P10= ( Lupane loop)
• P12= ( Makuti-Kariba)
• P13=( Chegutu-Chinhoyi )
• P14= ( Victoria Falls-Kazingula)
(Source: [Map 9.2 Road Transport Network of Zimbabwe.])
Secondary roads make up 14% of the network in Zimbabwe. Secondary roads link the major centers within the country. These form a dependable network for the movement of both the people and goods. Some secondary roads are paved and some are gravel unlike primary roads which are all paved.
The primary and secondary roads are collectively the trunk road system. The trunk road system carries 70% of the vehicular traffic. Traffic in question here is measured in vehicle kilometers. The trunk road system is managed by the Department of Roads.
The roads that link rural areas to the secondary road network are called tertiary feeder and access road. These roads are managed by the District Development Fund (DDF) and by the Rural District Councils (RDC). These roads usually have traffic columes less than 50 vehicles per day. Together with the unclassified roads and tracks they link rural communities to service centers, schools and health centers. These roads also provide government services to reach rural areas.
Urban roads make 9% of the road network. Urban roads are managed by urban councils and municipalities.
About 0.23 km per square kilometre is the road density in Zimbabwe. This is high compared with many developing countries. Only OECD countries have a substantially higher road density than Zimbabwe.
Waterways are not used for commercial transport; though some navigation is possible on Lake Kariba.
There is a pipeline for petroleum products 270 km long. (2013)