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The Austrian Federal Railways
Austrian Federal Railways
(German: Österreichische Bundesbahnen or ÖBB, formerly the Bundesbahn Österreich or BBÖ) is the national railway system of Austria, and the administrator of Liechtenstein's railways. The ÖBB group is owned entirely by the Republic of Austria and is divided into several separate businesses that manage the infrastructure and operate passenger and freight services. The Austrian Federal Railways
Austrian Federal Railways
has had two discrete periods of existence. It was first formed in 1923, using the Bundesbahn Österreich name, as a successor to the Imperial Royal Austrian State Railways (kkStB), but was incorporated into the Deutsche Reichsbahn during the 1938–1945 Anschluss. It was reformed in 1947, using the slightly different Österreichische Bundesbahnen name, and remains in existence in this form. Major changes currently being made to the Austrian railway network are the construction of the Wien Hauptbahnhof
Wien Hauptbahnhof
( Vienna
Vienna
main station), the Koralm Railway, the Semmering Base Tunnel
Semmering Base Tunnel
and the Brenner Base Tunnel connection with Italy.

Contents

1 History 2 The various logos of the ÖBB over time 3 Current structure 4 Infrastructure 5 Statistics 6 Principal Lines 7 Rail links to adjacent countries 8 Active Rolling Stock

8.1 Electric Locomotives 8.2 Diesel Locomotives 8.3 Electrical multiple units 8.4 Diesel Railcars 8.5 Maintenance of way equipment

9 See also

9.1 Other railways in Austria

10 References 11 External links

History[edit]

This section is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. You can help by converting this section to prose, if appropriate. Editing help is available. (March 2017)

1882 – Gradual nationalisation of the railway network of the Austro-Hungarian Empire
Austro-Hungarian Empire
into the Imperial Royal Austrian State Railways (Kaiserlich-königliche österreichische Staatsbahnen, kkStB). By the outbreak of the World War I, the only major railway in Austria
Austria
to remain in private hands was the Austrian Southern Railway (Südbahn). 1918 – After the break-up of the Austro-Hungarian Empire following the World War I, the Austrian rump of kkStB remained in state control under the name Deutschösterreichische Staatsbahnen (DÖStB), which was renamed the Österreichische Staatsbahnen (ÖStB) in 1919. 1923 – Foundation of the independent, commercial enterprise, the Bundesbahn Österreich (which used the abbreviation BBÖ, because ÖBB was already taken by the Swiss Oensingen-Balsthal-Bahn). This company took over the assets of the ÖStB and the Südbahn, together with other minor railways. 1938 – The Anschluss
Anschluss
of Austria
Austria
into the German Empire. The BB Ö
Ö
was taken over by the Deutsche Reichsbahn. During World War II about 41% of the Austrian railway network was destroyed. 1947 – The company was reformed using the slightly different name of Österreichische Bundesbahnen and the abbreviation ÖBB (by that time the Swiss private railway used the abbreviation SP for its goods wagons in international traffic, so its abbreviation ÖBB could now be appropriated) as a state-owned company. Their infrastructure was rebuilt and electrification was accelerated. 1969 – A new federal railway law was enacted. The ÖBB became a non-independent, economic entity, that was run as a branch of the government's industrial programme and remained entirely within the Federal budget. 1992 – The ÖBB were broken out of the federal budget and turned into company with its own legal status (a cross between a GmbH and an AG in Austrian commercial terms). The company is 100% owned by the Republic of Austria. This change had two primary aims: 1. It had to conform to EU rules on the admission of Austria
Austria
into the European Union. 2. The financial demand on the public purse was to be reduced as a result of improvements in efficiency and the pressure of competition. 2004 – The ÖBB were reorganised into ÖBB Holding AG and a number of operating subsidiaries. The holding company was to oversee the operations of the companies assigned to it, coordinate a coherent strategic approach and allocate tasks for the whole enterprise.[2] 1 January 2005 – The subsidiaries of ÖBB-Holding AG became autonomous and independent operationally. In 2012, ÖBB celebrated the 175th anniversary of the Nordbahn, the earliest predecessor company marking the start of rail transport in Austria. ÖBB CEO Christian Kern
Christian Kern
inaugurated an exhibition on the company's collaboration with the Third Reich, named "The Suppressed Years – Railway
Railway
and National Socialism in Austria
Austria
1938–1945". He referred to that period as "the darkest chapter of our company history," adding that the company must accept this period as part of its legacy.[3] The exhibition later went on tour and was presented at the European Parliament's parliamentary building in Brussels.[4]

The Austrian rail system is largely electrified. Electrification of the system began in 1912 but did not reach an advanced state until the 1950s. The last steam locomotive in regular service on the standard gauge network was retired in 1978. The post-war laws related to the Austrian railways were the:

Eisenbahngesetz (EisbG 1957), Schieneninfrastrukturfinanzierungsgesetz (SCHIG 1999), Eisenbahnhochleistungsstreckengesetz (HIG 1999) and Bundesbahngesetz (1992).

The various logos of the ÖBB over time[edit]

Starting with the oldest, which is a classic "flying wheel" as used in different variants by many railway companies around the world...

...a more modern one introduced in the 1970s...

... to the latest one, where the shape of the initial Ö
Ö
is suggestive of the power/on/off symbol now used on many electronic devices.

Current structure[edit] By a law of August 2009, the organisational structure dating from 2005 was further modified; the railways are under the control of ÖBB-Holding AG, a holding company wholly owned by the Austrian state, under the Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Innovation und Technologie.[5] The holding company has a number of subsidiaries[6]

ÖBB-Personenverkehr AG (Passenger transport)

ÖBB-Postbus GmbH ÖBB-Produktion GmbH (50% subsidiary) ÖBB-Technische Services GmbH (49% subsidiary) (railroad vehicle maintenance) Rail Tours Touristik GmbH

Rail Cargo
Cargo
Austria
Austria
AG (RCA) (Freight transport)

Rail Cargo
Cargo
Hungaria Zrt. ÖBB-Produktion GmbH (50% subsidiary) ÖBB-Technische Services GmbH (51% subsidiary) Rail Cargo
Cargo
Logistics - Austria
Austria
GmbH

ÖBB-Infrastruktur AG (Infrastructure planning, management, and construction)

ÖBB-Immobilienmanagement GmbH Mungos Sicher & Sauber GmbH (cleaning and service) Rail Equipment GmbH

ÖBB-Business Competence Center GmbH ÖBB-Werbung GmbH Q Logistics GmbH (60% subsidiary) (warehousing and transport) ÖBB-Finanzierungsservice GmbH iMobility GmbH (mobile app developer)

Infrastructure[edit] The infrastructure of the state-owned Austrian network is managed by ÖBB-Infrastruktur AG, which was formed from former infrastructure-related units including Brenner Eisenbahn GmbH. It now manages 9,740 km of track, 788 signal boxes, 247 tunnels, 6,207 bridges and eight hydro-electric power (hep) stations for the 16.7 Hz electrification system, and two hep stations for 50 Hz power generation. At the end of 2009 it employed 17,612 staff.[5]

Österreichische Bundesbahnen

Sales Infrastructure

Passenger transport Network

Freight transport Tracks

Traction Signal-/System technology

Technical services Telekom

Power plants Energy network

Facility management Planning/Engineering

Facility management

Statistics[edit] According to the Annual Report 2013, the company employs 39,513, there of 13,599 employees, 24,251 tenured employees and 1,663 apprentices. In 2013, ÖBB-Personenverkehr AG carried 469 million passengers of which 235 million were bus passengers.[7] The ÖBB has

4,859 km (3,020 route miles); 72% electrified 1,128 train stations 1,093 locomotives. 2,799 passenger vehicles 26,518 freight wagons 2,200 busses ÖBB's bus services travel 52,500,000 km (32,621,988 mi) per year.

Principal Lines[edit]

Western Railway
Railway
from Wien Westbahnhof
Wien Westbahnhof
via St. Pölten Hauptbahnhof
St. Pölten Hauptbahnhof
and Linz Hauptbahnhof
Linz Hauptbahnhof
to Salzburg Hauptbahnhof, including a parallel high-speed rail section ("New Western Railway") from Wien Meidling railway station to Linz Southern Railway
Railway
from Wien Hauptbahnhof/Wien Meidling to Graz Hauptbahnhof, including the Semmering railway
Semmering railway
section - a UNESCO World Heritage Site

continuation to Klagenfurt
Klagenfurt
by the Koralm Railway
Railway
(under construction)

Northern Railway
Railway
from Wien Praterstern railway station
Wien Praterstern railway station
to Břeclav, Czech Republic Eastern Railway
Railway
from Vienna
Vienna
Hauptbahnhof (under construction) to Hegyeshalom, Hungary
Hungary
and Budapest Keleti railway station Emperor Franz Joseph Railway
Railway
from Wien Franz-Josefs-Bahnhof
Wien Franz-Josefs-Bahnhof
to Gmünd, Lower Austria
Austria
and České Velenice, Czech Republic Salzburg-Tyrol Railway
Railway
from Salzburg Hauptbahnhof
Salzburg Hauptbahnhof
to Wörgl Hauptbahnhof Enns Valley Railway
Railway
from the Salzburg-Tyrol Railway
Railway
at Bischofshofen to Selzthal Tauern Railway
Railway
from the Salzburg-Tyrol Railway
Railway
at Schwarzach/Sankt Veit to Spittal an der Drau via the Tauern Railway
Railway
Tunnel Lower Inn Valley Railway
Railway
from the German border near Kufstein railway station via Wörgl Hauptbahnhof
Wörgl Hauptbahnhof
to Innsbruck Hauptbahnhof; to be relieved by the New Lower Inn Valley railway
New Lower Inn Valley railway
line (under construction), part of the Trans-European Berlin–Palermo railway axis

western continuation by the Arlberg Railway
Railway
to Bludenz railway station via the Arlberg Railway
Railway
Tunnel northwestern continuation by the Mittenwald Railway
Railway
to Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
Germany
and the Ausserfern Railway
Railway
to Kempten Hauptbahnhof southern continuation by the Brenner Railway
Railway
to Bolzano, Italy
Italy
and Verona
Verona
via the Innsbruck bypass
Innsbruck bypass
and the Brenner Pass, to be replaced by the Brenner Base Tunnel
Brenner Base Tunnel
(planned)

Rail links to adjacent countries[edit] All neighbouring railways have the same gauge.

Czech Republic
Czech Republic
 — voltage and frequency change to 25 kV 50 Hz AC Germany
Germany
 — same voltage and frequency 15 kV 16.7 Hz AC Hungary
Hungary
 — voltage and frequency change to 25 kV 50 Hz AC Italy — voltage and frequency change to 3 kV DC Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
 — same voltage and frequency 15 kV 16.7 Hz AC Slovakia  — voltage and frequency change to 25 kV 50 Hz AC Slovenia — voltage and frequency change to 3 kV DC Switzerland
Switzerland
 — same voltage and frequency 15 kV 16.7 Hz AC

Active Rolling Stock[edit] Electric Locomotives[edit]

ÖBB Class 1016/1116/1216 Taurus

ÖBB Class 1144

ÖBB Class 1142

ÖBB Class 1163

ÖBB Class 1063

Diesel Locomotives[edit]

ÖBB Class 2016
ÖBB Class 2016
Hercules

ÖBB Class 2143

ÖBB Class 2043

ÖBB Class 2070
ÖBB Class 2070
Hector

ÖBB Class 2068

ÖBB Class 2080/2081 Rotary Snow Plough

Electrical multiple units[edit]

ÖBB Class 4011
ÖBB Class 4011
ICE T

ÖBB Class 4023/4024/4124 Talent

ÖBB Class 4020

ÖBB Class 4746

Diesel Railcars[edit]

ÖBB Class 5022
ÖBB Class 5022
Desiro

ÖBB Class 5047

Maintenance of way equipment[edit]

ÖBB Class X630

ÖBB Class X629.9

ÖBB Class X626

ÖBB Class X556.1

ÖBB Class X554.3

ÖBB Class X552

ÖBB Class X534

See also[edit]

Rail transport
Rail transport
in Austria History of rail transport in Austria Imperial Austrian State Railways ÖBB Rolling Stock Rail transport
Rail transport
in Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
- operated by ÖBB Railjet
Railjet
- the high-speed service of the ÖBB Transport
Transport
in Austria

Other railways in Austria[edit]

Achenseebahn Pöstlingbergbahn Raaberbahn Schafbergbahn Schneebergbahn Zillertalbahn

References[edit]

^ a b "GESCHÄFTSBERICHT 2016 ÖBB-HOLDING AG" (PDF). ÖBB. Retrieved January 9, 2018.  ^ ÖBB-Holding AG. "Aufgaben".  ^ "„Verdrängte Jahre – Bahn und Nationalsozialismus in Österreich 1938–1945"" (in German). erinnern.at. Retrieved 21 May 2016.  ^ "The Suppressed Years Railway
Railway
and National Socialism in Austria
Austria
1938 – 1945" (PDF). ÖBB. 2014. Retrieved 21 May 2016. [permanent dead link] ^ a b Richter, Karl Arne, ed. (2010). Europäische Bahnen '11. Hamburg: Eurailpress. ISBN 978-3-7771-0413-3.  ^ "Organigramm". ÖBB. Retrieved January 9, 2018.  ^ "Daten & Fakten". ÖBB. 

External links[edit] Media related to Österreichische Bundesbahnen at Wikimedia Commons

Official website International relations UIC International relations CER report of audit court 2006 modification of railroad law 2004 passenger traffic tariffs of ÖBB in 2008 Winchester, Clarence, ed. (1936), "Austria's rail transport", Railway Wonders of the World, pp. 971–977 , illustrated account of Austrian railways in the 1930s.

v t e

Austrian Federal Railways

Current departments (post 2008)

ÖBB Personenverkehr Rail Cargo
Cargo
Austria ÖBB Infrastruktur Betrieb ÖBB Infrastruktur Bau ÖBB Dienstleistungs

Current subsidiaries (post 2008)

ÖBB Traktion ÖBB Technische Services ÖBB Postbus Speditions Holding ÖBB Immobilien Management Brenner Eisenbahn (for the Brenner Base Tunnel)

Services

Intercity-Express Intercity Regional-Express Regionalzug S-Bahn Erlebniszug Regionalschnellbahn Schnellbahn

International Services

Railjet EuroCity CityNightLine EuroNight

History

Imperial Royal Austrian State Railways Austrian Federal Railways
Austrian Federal Railways
(ÖBB) Rail transport
Rail transport
in Austria

Rail transport
Rail transport
in Austria

v t e

Rolling stock of Austria

Locomotives

Diesel

ÖBB Class 2016 ÖBB Class 2048 ÖBB Class 2070

Electric

ÖBB Class 1016 (Taurus) ÖBB Class 1018 ÖBB Class 1042 ÖBB Class 1043 ÖBB Class 1044 ÖBB Class 1089 (crocodile) ÖBB Class 1116 (Taurus) ÖBB Class 1144 ÖBB Class 1189 (crocodile) ÖBB Class 1216 (Taurus)

High speed trains

ÖBB Class 4011 Railjet

Multiple units

Diesel

ÖBB Class 5022 ÖBB Class 5047

Electric

ÖBB Class 4011 ÖBB Class 4020 ÖBB Class 4023 (Talent) ÖBB Class 4024 (Talent) ÖBB Class 4030 ÖBB Class 4124 (Talent)

See also Category:Rolling stock of Austria ÖBB rolling stock Rail transport
Rail transport
in Austria

v t e

Rail transport
Rail transport
in Liechtenstein

Line and Company

Feldkirch–Buchs railway Austrian Federal Railways
Austrian Federal Railways
(ÖBB)

Railway
Railway
stations

Forst Hilti Nendeln Schaan-Vaduz Schaanwald

v t e

National railway companies of Europe

List of railway companies Rail transport
Rail transport
by country Railway
Railway
companies by country

Albania HSH Armenia SKZD1 Austria
Austria
ÖBB Azerbaijan ADY1 Belarus BŽD/BČ Belgium SNCB/NMBS Bosnia ŽFBH2 and ŽRS3 Bulgaria BDŽ Croatia HŽ Czech Republic
Czech Republic
ČD Denmark DSB Estonia EVR and Elron Finland VR France SNCF Georgia SR1 Germany
Germany
DB Greece TrainOSE Hungary
Hungary
MÁV Ireland IÉ Italy
Italy
FS Kazakhstan KTŽ1 Kosovo HK/KŽ4 Latvia LDz Lithuania LG Luxembourg CFL Macedonia MŽ Moldova CFM Montenegro ŽPCG Netherlands NS Norway NSB Poland PKP Portugal CP Romania CFR Russia RŽD1 Serbia ŽS (Kargo, Voz)7 Slovakia ŽSSK Slovenia SŽ Spain Renfe Operadora Sweden SJ AB Switzerland
Switzerland
SBB CFF FFS Turkey TCDD1 Ukraine UZ United Kingdom NR5 / NIR6

1Country partly in Asia 2For the Federation BH 3For Srpska 4State with limited recognition 5For Great Britain 6For Northern Ireland 7Newly established ra

.