The Info List - Auckland Geddes

Auckland Campbell Geddes, 1st Baron Geddes, GCMG, KCB, PC, FRSE (21 June 1879 – 8 June 1954) was a British academic, soldier, politician and diplomat. He was a member of David Lloyd George's coalition government during the First World War
First World War
and also served as Ambassador to the United States.


1 Life 2 Military career 3 Academic career 4 Political and diplomatic career 5 Family 6 References 7 External links

Life[edit] Geddes was born in London
the son of Auckland Campbell-Geddes, a civil engineer, and his wife Christina Helen MacLeod Anderson.[1] He was the brother of Sir Eric Campbell-Geddes, First Lord of the Admiralty during World War I and principal architect of the Geddes Axe, which led to the retrenchment of British public expenditure following the War. Military career[edit] Geddes served in the Second Boer War
Second Boer War
between 1901 and 1902 as a second lieutenant in the Highland Light Infantry. On 2 June 1902 he was promoted a lieutenant in the 3rd (Militia) Battalion of the regiment.[2] During the First World War
First World War
he served as a Major in the 17th Northumberland Fusiliers[3] and was on the staff of the General Headquarters in France
as a Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel and Honorary Brigadier General.[4] Geddes was Director of Recruiting at the War Office from 1916[5] to 1917.[6] Academic career[edit] Geddes was educated at George Watson's College, in Edinburgh. He then studied Medicine at Edinburgh
University[7] graduating MB ChB in 1903. From 1906 to 1909, Geddes was an Assistant Professor of Anatomy at Edinburgh
University. The university gave him his doctorate (MD) in 1908. In 1909 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. his proposers were William Turner (anatomist), Sir Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer, David Waterston and George Chrystal.[8] From 1913 to 1914 he was a Professor of Anatomy at the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland. From 1913 to 1914, he was a Professor of Anatomy at McGill University. His academic career was interrupted by the First World War during which he served as a Brigadier General in the War Office.[9] Political and diplomatic career[edit] In 1917 he was elected Unionist Member of Parliament for Basingstoke, a seat he held until 1920. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1917[10] and served under David Lloyd George
David Lloyd George
as Director of National Service from 1917 to 1918, as President of the Local Government Board from 1918 to 1919, as Minister of Reconstruction in 1919 and as President of the Board of Trade
President of the Board of Trade
(with a seat in the cabinet) from 1919 to 1920.[4] Geddes was appointed Principal of McGill University
McGill University
in 1919 but never undertook his official duties.[citation needed] He resigned in 1920 when he was appointed British Ambassador to the United States
British Ambassador to the United States
which he served until 1924.[11] As His Majesty's ambassador, Geddes investigated the treatment of British immigrants at Ellis Island, for which he wrote a report (1923). He was also heavily involved in the negotiations that led up to the Washington Treaty of 1922, which limited the size and number of the world's battleships. From 1924 to 1947, he was the Chairman of the Rio Tinto Company and Rhokana Corporation.[12] He returned to public service during the Second World War when he served as Commissioner for Civil Defence for the South-East Region from 1939 to 1944 and for the North-West Region from 1941 to 1942.[4] The latter year he was raised to the peerage as Baron Geddes, of Rolvenden in the County of Kent.[13] Family[edit] Lord Geddes married, in 1906, Isabella Gamble Ross (d.1962), daughter of William Adolphus Ross. They had five children:

Ross Campbell Geddes, 2nd Baron Geddes Lieutenant-Colonel the Honourable Alexander Campbell Geddes Honourable Margaret Campbell Geddes who married Prince Louis of Hesse and by Rhine, last surviving member of this family Honourable John Reay Campbell Geddes Honourable David Campbell Geddes.

Lord Geddes died in January 1954, aged 74, and was succeeded in the barony by his eldest son, Ross. Lady Geddes died in January 1962. His sister was Dr Mona Chalmers Watson, the first woman to graduate M.D. from the University of Edinburgh
and the first Chief Controller of the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps.[14] References[edit]

^ Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0 902 198 84 X.  ^ "No. 27454". The London
Gazette. 15 July 1902. p. 4513.  ^ "No. 28983". The London
Gazette (Supplement). 20 November 1914. p. 9666.  ^ a b c Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,[page needed] ^ "No. 29578". The London
Gazette. 12 May 1916. p. 4698.  ^ "No. 30262". The London
Gazette (Supplement). 31 August 1917.  ^ "In Memoriam – Lord Geddes". Journal of Anatomy. 88 (Pt 3): 426. PMC 1244689 .  ^ Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0 902 198 84 X.  ^ Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0 902 198 84 X.  ^ "No. 30442". The London
Gazette. 21 December 1917. p. 13375.  ^ Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0 902 198 84 X.  ^ http://janus.lib.cam.ac.uk/db/node.xsp?id=EAD%2FGBR%2F0014%2FGEDD The Papers of Sir Auckland Campbell Geddes, University of Cambridge ^ "No. 35440". The London
Gazette. 30 January 1942. p. 505.  ^ Spiers, Edward M., ed. (2011). A Military History of Scotland. Edinburgh: Edinburgh
University Press. p. 23. ISBN 9780748633357. Retrieved 8 March 2015. 

External links[edit]

Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Auckland Geddes The Papers of Sir Auckland Campbell Geddes. Forging of a Family, by Auckland Campbell Geddes, publ Faber 1952 Autobiography

Parliament of the United Kingdom

Preceded by Arthur Salter Member of Parliament for Basingstoke 1917 – 1920 Succeeded by Arthur Richard Holbrook

Political offices

Preceded by Neville Chamberlain Director of National Service 1917–1919 Succeeded by Post abolished

Preceded by William Hayes Fisher President of the Local Government Board 1918–1919 Succeeded by Christopher Addison

Preceded by Christopher Addison Minister of Reconstruction 1919 Succeeded by Office abolished

Preceded by Sir Albert Stanley President of the Board of Trade 1919–1920 Succeeded by Robert Horne

Diplomatic posts

Preceded by The Viscount Grey of Fallodon Ambassador to the United States 1920–1924 Succeeded by Sir Esme Howard

Peerage of the United Kingdom

Preceded by New Creation Baron Geddes 1942–1954 Succeeded by Ross Campbell-Geddes

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Presidents of the Board of Trade

Shaftesbury Bridgewater Stamford Weymouth Stamford Winchilsea Guilford Berkeley Suffolk Holderness Fitzwalter Monson Halifax Sandys Townshend Shelburne Hillsborough Dartmouth Hillsborough Nugent Hillsborough Dartmouth Sackville Carlisle Grantham Sydney Liverpool Montrose Auckland Bathurst Clancarty Robinson Huskisson Grant Vesey-Fitzgerald Herries Auckland Thomson Baring Thomson Labouchere Ripon Gladstone Dalhousie Clarendon Labouchere Henley Cardwell Stanley Henley Dnoughmore Gibson Northcote Richmond Bright Parkinson-Fortescue Adderley Sandon Chamberlain Richmond Stanhope Mundella Stanley Hicks Beach Mundella Bryce Ritchie Balfour Salisbury Lloyd George Churchill Buxton Burns Runciman Stanley Geddes Horne Baldwin Cunliffe-Lister Graham Cunliffe-Lister Runciman Stanley Duncan Lyttelton Duncan Llewellin Dalton Lyttelton Cripps Wilson Shawcross Thorneycroft Eccles Maulding Erroll Heath Jay Crosland Mason Noble Davies Walker Benn Varley Joseph Jenkin Shore Dell Smith Nott Biffen Cockfield Parkinson Tebbit Brittan Channon Young Ridley Lilley Heseltine Lang Beckett Mandelson Byers Hewitt Johnson Darling Hutton Mandelson Cable Javid Clark Fox

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Principals of McGill University

Mountain Bethune Meredith Dawson Peterson Geddes Currie Morgan Douglas James Robertson Bell Johnston Shapiro Munroe-Blum Fortier

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 33348960 LCCN: n82123619 ISNI: 0000 0000 2665 2307 GND: 1043094857 SUDOC: 136813917 BNF: cb16593805c (data) SN