HOME
The Info List - Attock





Attock
Attock
City
City
(Punjabi, Urdu: اٹک‬), formerly Campbellpore or Campbellpur (کیمبل پور‬) until 1978,[1] is a city located in northern part of Punjab province of Pakistan
Pakistan
near the capital of Islamabad
Islamabad
in the Panjistan region, and is the headquarters of Attock District. Attock
Attock
was founded in 1908 several miles southeast of the older city of Attock
Attock
Khurd,[2] which had been established by the Emperor Akbar
Akbar
in the 16th century,[3] and was initially named in honour of Sir Colin Campbell.[4] The city’s population was 18,84,000 in the 2017 census with contemporary estimates approaching 100,000.[5][6]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Background 2.2 Founding 2.3 Modern

3 Geography 4 Education 5 See also 6 References

Etymology[edit] The city was initially named Campbellpore, also spelt Campbellpur, in 1908 in honour of Sir Colin Campbell.[4] The name was changed in 1978 to Attock, which literally means "Foot of the Mountain."[3] The city's original name survives in the name of some local businesses, such as the Campbellpur Milk. History[edit] Background[edit] Attock
Attock
is located in a historically significant region. Gandhara
Gandhara
was an ancient kingdom extending to the Swat valley and the Potohar plateau regions of Pakistan
Pakistan
as well as the Jalalabad district of northeastern Afghanistan. Situated astride the middle Indus River, the region had Takshashila
Takshashila
and Peshawar
Peshawar
as its chief cities. The place is of both political and commercial importance, as the Indus is here crossed by the military and trade route through the Khyber Pass
Khyber Pass
into Afghanistan. Alexander the Great, Timur
Timur
and Nader Shah
Nader Shah
crossed the Indus at or about this spot in their respective invasions of India.[7] The Attock fort
Attock fort
was completed in 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi, a minister of Emperor Akbar.[8] The Battle of Attock
Attock
took place at Attock Khurd
Attock Khurd
on 28 April 1758 between Indian Maratha
Maratha
Kingdom and the Durrani Empire. The Marathas under Raghunathrao
Raghunathrao
Ballal Peshwa and Maharaja Tukojirao Holkar Bahadur were victorious in the battle and Attock
Attock
was captured.[9] On 8 May 1758, the Marathas defeated Durrani forces in the Battle of Peshawar
Peshawar
and captured the city of Peshawar. Marathas had now reached the Afghanistan
Afghanistan
border. Ahmad Shah Durrani got alarmed with this success of Marathas and started planning to recapture his lost territories. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikhs invaded and occupied Attock
Attock
District. The Sikhs established religious freedom and respected the native Muslims. The Sikh
Sikh
Kingdom (1799–1849) under Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780–1839) captured the fortress of Attock
Attock
in 1813 from the Afghan Kingdom. In 1849, Attock Khurd
Attock Khurd
(Old Attock) was conquered by the British who created Campbellpur District. Following the Sepoy Mutiny
Sepoy Mutiny
in 1857, the region's strategic value was appreciated by the British, who established the Campbellpur Cantonment in 1857-58.[2] Campbellpore District was organised in 1904,[2] by the division of Talagang Tehsil in the Jhelum
Jhelum
District with the Pindigheb, Fateh Jang
Fateh Jang
and Attock tehsils from Rawalpindi
Rawalpindi
District. Founding[edit] The city's foundations were laid in 1908 by Sir Colin Campbell, the British soldier for whom the city is named.[2] The new city was established near the 16th century Attock fort
Attock fort
that had guarded the major routes between Central Asia
Central Asia
and South Asia. Attock's first oil well was drilled in Khaur in 1915,[10] while the Attock
Attock
Oil Company was established.[11] It has an oil and gas field Dakhini near Jand. Dhurnal & Sadkal in Tehsil Fateh Jang. Modern[edit] After the independence of Pakistan
Pakistan
in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs emigrated to India, while Muslim
Muslim
refugees from India
India
settled in Attock. The Pakistani Government renamed Campbellpur as Attock
Attock
in 1978.[3] The city and surrounding area are known for their high representation among soldiers of the Pakistani Military.[12] The New Islamabad
Islamabad
International Airport is being built in Attock district, and it is scheduled to open in 2018.]] New Islamabad International Airport From, the free encyclopedia Islamabad International Airport - IIAP Pakistan
Pakistan
Civil Aviation Authority (PCAA) Logo.png اسلام آباد بین الاقوامی ہوائی اڈا ,اسلام آباد IATA: -- ICAO: OPIS Summary Airport type Public Owner Government of Pakistan
Pakistan
Operator Civil Aviation Authority of Pakistan
Pakistan
Serves Islamabad- Rawalpindi
Rawalpindi
region Location Fateh Jang, Attock, Punjab, Pakistan
Punjab, Pakistan
Elevation AMSL 1,761 ft / 537 m Coordinates 33°32′56.70″N 72°49′32.34″ECoordinates: 33°32′56.70″N 72°49′32.34″E Website http://www.islamabadairport.com.pk/ Map ISB is located in Pakistan ISBISB Location of New Islamabad
Islamabad
International Airport Runways Direction Length Surface m ft 28L/10R 4,000 13,123 Asphalt 28R/10L 4,000 13,123 Asphalt Statistics Passengers Capacity 15 million (first phase) 25 million (planned) Cost ₨81.17 billion (US$770 million)[1] Islamabad
Islamabad
International Airport (Urdu: اسلام آباد بین الاقوامی ہوائی اڈا) is an international airport for Islamabad- Rawalpindi
Rawalpindi
metropolitan area currently under construction.[2][3] The airport project was conceived initially in 1984 for which the acquisition of land in Attock
Attock
started the same year. The project location is around 20 km west of the twin cities and it is being built to replace the existing Benazir Bhutto Airport. After repeated delays, the new airport is expected to become operational by April 20, 2018.[4] The airport is connected to Islamabad
Islamabad
via the Kashmir Highway and Rawalpindi
Rawalpindi
via the GT Road and the proposed ring road.[5] A four-lane highway is also under construction to serve cargo traffic.[6] The Islamabad
Islamabad
Metrobus is also being expanded to connect the airport.[7] Once completed, it will be the first greenfield airport in Pakistan
Pakistan
as well as the first to be capable of handling the Airbus A380 . Built on an area of 3,571.5 acres (14.45 sq km / 5.58 sq mi), the airport has two runways. It will be capable of serving 15 million passengers every year in its first phase. Further planned expansions will allow it to serve up to 25 million passengers every year. The terminal includes 15 gates with ten remote gates, a four-star hotel, duty-free shops, food court and 42 immigration counters.[8] Additionally, Civil Aviation Authority of Pakistan
Pakistan
is acquiring 2,833 acres (11.46 sq km / 4.42 sq mi) of land to build a third runway at the airport.[9] Project details It is a joint project of Capital Development Authority (CDA), National Highway Authority (NHA) and the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) and designed by French company Aéroports de Paris Ingenierie (ADPi) and CPG Corporation of Singapore. It is being built on more than 3200 acres of land and consists of a passenger terminal building, 2 runways (28L/10R, 28R/10L), taxiways, apron and parking bays for wide-body aircraft. There will also be a cargo terminal, air traffic control complex, fuel farm, as well as a fire, crash, and rescue facility. It would be equipped to handle all types of aircraft including the new generation aircraft such as the Airbus A380, Boeing 747-8 and Airbus A350 XWB aircraft . The construction site of the airport is near the Rawalpindi- Fateh Jang
Fateh Jang
Road near Fateh Jang, Attock, some 20 km from Zero Point, Islamabad
Islamabad
and 23 km from Saddar, Rawalpindi.[11] The airport is being developed to be at par with international standards to serve as a major hub for all aviation activities in Pakistan.Project Management consultancy Services provided by Mott Macdonald Ltd and MM Pakistan
Pakistan
(Pvt) Ltd. New Islamabad
Islamabad
International Airport will have an 180,000m² modular terminal building which will initially be able to handle 9 million passengers and 80,000 metric tons cargo per annum. The numbers are expected to reach 25 million passengers by 2024.[12] Being a new airport, a significant portion of the land has been earmarked for commercial purposes such as duty-free shops, hotel and convention center, air malls, business centre, food courts, leisure and recreational facilities. Geography[edit] Attock
Attock
is located near the Haro River, a tributary of the Indus River, 80 km (50 mi) from Rawalpindi, 100 km (62 mi) from Peshawar, and 10 km (6 mi) from the Pakistan
Pakistan
Aeronautical Complex, Kamra. Education[edit] According to the Alif Ailaan Pakistan
Pakistan
District Education Rankings 2014, Attock
Attock
is ranked 3 out of 146 districts in Pakistan
Pakistan
in terms of the quality of education. For facilities and infrastructure, the district is ranked 17 out of 146.[13] A detailed picture of the district's education performance is also available online.[14] Army Public School & College, Government Polytechnic Institute, Noble Grammar, The City
City
School, The Smart School System, Beaconhouse are few of the many educational institutes in Attock. See also[edit]

Battle of Attock, 1813 List of people from Attock Potohar Plateau Raja Birbal

References[edit]

^ Shackle, Christopher (1980). "Hindko in Kohat
Kohat
and Peshawar". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. 43 (3): 482. doi:10.1017/S0041977X00137401. ISSN 0041-977X.  ^ a b c d Pike, John. city.htm " Attock
Attock
City
City
Cantonment" Check url= value (help). www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2018-03-09.  ^ a b c Everett-Heath, John (2017-12-07). The Concise Dictionary of World Place Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780192556462.  ^ a b Everett-Heath, John (2017-12-07). city%20campbell&f=false The Concise Dictionary of World Place Names Check url= value (help). Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780192556462.  ^ Haryana (India). Gazetteers Organisation (2000). Haryana District Gazetteers: Imperial gazetteer of India
India
(provincial series), Punjab, 1908 (v. 2). Gazetteers Organisation, Revenue Dept., Haryana. Retrieved 18 July 2011.  ^ "Attock". World Gazeteer. Archived from the original on 13 May 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2011.  ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Attock". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 886.  ^ Hasan, Shaikh Khurshid (2005). Historical forts in Pakistan. National Institute of Historical & Cultural Research Centre of Excellence, Quaid-i-Azam University. p. 37. ISBN 978-969-415-069-7. Retrieved 17 July 2011.  ^ " Attock
Attock
to Cuttack, PM Narendra Modi causes a stir". The Economic Times. June 27, 2017.  ^ World oil. Gulf Publishing Company. March 1947. p. 12. Retrieved 17 July 2011.  ^ (India), Punjab (1932). Punjab District Gazetteers: Attock
Attock
district, 1930. Superintendent, Government Printing.  ^ Jaffrelot, Christophe (2015-08-15). The Pakistan
Pakistan
Paradox: Instability and Resilience. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780190613303.  ^ "Alif Ailaan Pakistan
Pakistan
District Education Rankings, 2014" (PDF). Alif Ailaan. Retrieved 2014-05-06.  ^ "Individual district profile link, 2014" (PDF). Alif Ailaan. Retrieved 2014-05-06. 

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Attock". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

v t e

Major cities in Pakistan

Islamabad
Islamabad
Capital Territory

Islamabad*

Punjab

Attock Bahawalpur Burewala Chakwal Chiniot Faisalabad Gujar Khan Gujranwala Gujrat Jhang Jhelum Kasur Kharian Lahore** Mianwali Multan Murree Rahim Yar Khan Rawalpindi Sadiqabad Sahiwal Sargodha Sheikhupura Sialkot Taxila Toba Tek Singh

Sindh

Badin Hyderabad Jacobabad Karachi** Khairpur Larkana Mirpurkhas Nawabshah Sukkur Thatta

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
& FATA

Abbottabad Bannu Battagram Chitral Charsada D.I.Khan Haripur Kohat Mansehra Mardan Nowshera Peshawar** Swat Swabi Timergara Tank

Balochistan

Chaman Gwadar Khuzdar Quetta** Ziarat

Azad Kashmir

Bagh Bhimber Kotli Mirpur Muzaffarabad** Rawalakot

Gilgit–Baltistan

Gilgit Skardu

*Federal capital **Provincial/Territorial capitals

v t e

Pakistan
Pakistan
topics

Basic topics Alphabetical index of topics

History

Ancient

Stone age Soanian Mehrgarh Indus Valley Indo-Iranics Indo-Aryan Achaemenid Greco-Bactrian Maurya Gandhara Indo-Greek Indo-Scythians Indo-Parthian Kushan Indo-Sassanid

Medieval

Indo-Hephthalite Kamboja Rai Dynasty Shahi Pala Solanki Muhammad bin Qasim Ghaznavid Ghurid Mamluk Khalji Tughlaq Sayyid Lodi Timurid

Modern

Pre-colonial

Mughal East India
India
Company Durrani Sikh
Sikh
Confederacy Sikh
Sikh
Empire First Anglo-Afghan War First Anglo- Sikh
Sikh
War Second Anglo- Sikh
Sikh
War Rebellion

Colonial

British Raj Second Anglo-Afghan War Durand Line Third Anglo-Afghan War Aligarh Movement Hindi– Urdu
Urdu
controversy Pakistan
Pakistan
Movement

Muslim
Muslim
League Two nation theory Jinnah's 14 Points Lahore
Lahore
Resolution Direct Action Day

Partition Independence

Dominion

Dominion of Pakistan Princely states 1947 War Liaquat–Nehru Pact Baghdad Pact

Republic

Indus Treaty 1965 War 1971 War Project-706 Islamisation Baloch insurgency Kargil War Liberalization War in North-West Pakistan

Geography

Features

Beaches Deserts Glaciers Islands Lakes Mountains Passes Rivers Valleys Waterfalls Wetlands

Areas

Arabian Sea Gwadar
Gwadar
Bay Indus Plain Pothohar Plateau Salt Range Sistan Basin

Geology

Coal fields Gas fields Minerals Oil fields Tectonics Volcanoes Floods

Environment

Botanical gardens Ecoregions Environmental issues Forests Protected areas

national parks game reserves sanctuaries

Wildlife

flora fauna

Zoos

Other topics

Archaeological sites Climate

weather records

Borders Natural disasters

earthquakes floods

Subdivisions

provinces districts cities

World Heritage Sites

Governance

State

President National Security Council (C2NS ECC AEDB NCA)

Government

National government

Cabinet Ministries Prime Minister

Provincial governments

Governors Chief Ministers

Local government

Union councils

Legislative

Parliament (Majlis-e-Shoora)

Senate (upper house)

Chairman

National Assembly (lower house)

Speaker

Provincial assemblies Jirga
Jirga
(tribal assembly)

Judicial

Supreme Council Supreme Court

Chief Justice

Shariat Court High Courts District Courts

Politics

Elections Foreign relations Feudalism Intelligence community Political parties Martial law

Law

Constitution

LFO PPC WPB PCO

Human rights

Forced disappearance LGBT

LGBT history Law enforcement

Police Criminal Investigation (CID) Anti-Narcotics (ANF) Capital punishment

Terrorism

State terrorism

Military

History Army Air force Navy Marines Coast Guard Paramilitary Nuclear

Economy

Infrastructure

Electricity

Thermal Hydro nuclear solar wind

Foreign aid Fuel extraction Housing Planning Commission Post Poverty Tallest buildings Telecommunications

Pakistan
Pakistan
Remote Sensing Satellite

Transportation

bridges

Water management

Water supply and sanitation

Industry

Aerospace Agriculture Defence Automobile Fishery Forestry Husbandry Labour

child

Media Mining Pharmaceuticals Textiles

Silk

Tourism

Commerce

Banking

banks

Companies Investment board Rupee (currency) Securities and Exchange Commission Stock markets Trading Corporation

Policy programmes

Corporatisation Directive investment Industrialisation Military economisation Nationalisation Privatisation Public-private partnering Redundant Islamic economisation

Society and culture

Society

Crime Culture Education

institutions

Feudalism Gender discrimination Healthcare

hospitals

Human rights

LGBT

Marriage Media Naming Pakistanis
Pakistanis
(list) Prostitution Religion Time Urbanisation Women

Demographics

Diaspora Ethnicity Immigration Languages

Urdu

Arts

Architecture Cinema

films

Dance Festivals Folklore Literature

Mushaira

Music Philosophy Textiles Theatre

Lifestyle

Clothing

Shalwar kameez Mehndi

Cuisine Etiquette Gun culture Nationalism

flags public holidays songs symbols

Sports

Athletics Baseball Boxing Cricket Cycling Field hockey Football Gilli-danda Golf Kabaddi Motorsport Marathon (Lahore) Olympics Paralympics Polo Rugby Squash Swimming Tennis

Places

Botanical gardens Cemeteries Churches Forts Gurdwaras Hindu
Hindu
temples Libraries Mausolea and shrines Mosques Museums Parks Stadiums World Heritage Sites Zoos

Category Por

.