City (Punjabi, Urdu: اٹک), formerly Campbellpore or
Campbellpur (کیمبل پور) until 1978, is a city located in
northern part of Punjab province of
Pakistan near the capital of
Islamabad in the Panjistan region, and is the headquarters of Attock
Attock was founded in 1908 several miles southeast of the
older city of
Attock Khurd, which had been established by the
Akbar in the 16th century, and was initially named in
honour of Sir Colin Campbell. The city’s population was 18,84,000
in the 2017 census with contemporary estimates approaching
5 See also
The city was initially named Campbellpore, also spelt Campbellpur, in
1908 in honour of Sir Colin Campbell. The name was changed in 1978
to Attock, which literally means "Foot of the Mountain." The city's
original name survives in the name of some local businesses, such as
the Campbellpur Milk.
Attock is located in a historically significant region.
an ancient kingdom extending to the Swat valley and the Potohar
plateau regions of
Pakistan as well as the Jalalabad district of
northeastern Afghanistan. Situated astride the middle Indus River, the
Peshawar as its chief cities. The place is
of both political and commercial importance, as the Indus is here
crossed by the military and trade route through the
Khyber Pass into
Afghanistan. Alexander the Great,
Nader Shah crossed the
Indus at or about this spot in their respective invasions of India.
Attock fort was completed in 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja
Shamsuddin Khawafi, a minister of Emperor Akbar. The Battle of
Attock took place at
Attock Khurd on 28 April 1758 between Indian
Maratha Kingdom and the Durrani Empire. The Marathas under
Raghunathrao Ballal Peshwa and Maharaja Tukojirao Holkar Bahadur were
victorious in the battle and
Attock was captured. On 8 May 1758,
the Marathas defeated Durrani forces in the Battle of
captured the city of Peshawar. Marathas had now reached the
Afghanistan border. Ahmad Shah Durrani got alarmed with this success
of Marathas and started planning to recapture his lost territories.
After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikhs invaded and occupied
Attock District. The Sikhs established religious freedom and respected
the native Muslims. The
Sikh Kingdom (1799–1849) under Maharaja
Ranjit Singh (1780–1839) captured the fortress of
Attock in 1813
from the Afghan Kingdom.
Attock Khurd (Old Attock) was conquered by the British who
created Campbellpur District. Following the
Sepoy Mutiny in 1857, the
region's strategic value was appreciated by the British, who
established the Campbellpur Cantonment in 1857-58. Campbellpore
District was organised in 1904, by the division of Talagang Tehsil
Jhelum District with the Pindigheb,
Fateh Jang and Attock
The city's foundations were laid in 1908 by Sir Colin Campbell, the
British soldier for whom the city is named. The new city was
established near the 16th century
Attock fort that had guarded the
major routes between
Central Asia and South Asia. Attock's first oil
well was drilled in
Khaur in 1915, while the
Attock Oil Company
was established. It has an oil and gas field Dakhini near Jand.
Dhurnal & Sadkal in Tehsil Fateh Jang.
After the independence of
Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and
Sikhs emigrated to India, while
Muslim refugees from
India settled in
Attock. The Pakistani Government renamed Campbellpur as
1978. The city and surrounding area are known for their high
representation among soldiers of the Pakistani Military.
Islamabad International Airport is being built in Attock
district, and it is scheduled to open in 2018.]] New Islamabad
International Airport From, the free encyclopedia Islamabad
International Airport - IIAP
Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority (PCAA)
Logo.png اسلام آباد بین الاقوامی ہوائی اڈا
,اسلام آباد IATA: -- ICAO: OPIS Summary Airport type Public
Owner Government of
Pakistan Operator Civil Aviation Authority of
Pakistan Serves Islamabad-
Rawalpindi region Location Fateh Jang,
Punjab, Pakistan Elevation AMSL 1,761 ft / 537 m
Coordinates 33°32′56.70″N 72°49′32.34″ECoordinates:
33°32′56.70″N 72°49′32.34″E Website
http://www.islamabadairport.com.pk/ Map ISB is located in Pakistan
ISBISB Location of New
Islamabad International Airport Runways
Direction Length Surface m ft 28L/10R 4,000 13,123 Asphalt 28R/10L
4,000 13,123 Asphalt Statistics Passengers Capacity 15 million (first
25 million (planned) Cost ₨81.17 billion (US$770 million)
Islamabad International Airport (Urdu: اسلام آباد بین
الاقوامی ہوائی اڈا) is an international airport for
Rawalpindi metropolitan area currently under
The airport project was conceived initially in 1984 for which the
acquisition of land in
Attock started the same year. The project
location is around 20 km west of the twin cities and it is being
built to replace the existing Benazir Bhutto Airport. After repeated
delays, the new airport is expected to become operational by April 20,
2018. The airport is connected to
Islamabad via the Kashmir Highway
Rawalpindi via the GT Road and the proposed ring road. A
four-lane highway is also under construction to serve cargo
Islamabad Metrobus is also being expanded to connect
Once completed, it will be the first greenfield airport in
well as the first to be capable of handling the Airbus A380 . Built on
an area of 3,571.5 acres (14.45 sq km / 5.58 sq mi), the airport has
two runways. It will be capable of serving 15 million passengers every
year in its first phase. Further planned expansions will allow it to
serve up to 25 million passengers every year. The terminal includes 15
gates with ten remote gates, a four-star hotel, duty-free shops, food
court and 42 immigration counters. Additionally, Civil Aviation
Pakistan is acquiring 2,833 acres (11.46 sq km / 4.42 sq
mi) of land to build a third runway at the airport. Project details
It is a joint project of Capital Development Authority (CDA), National
Highway Authority (NHA) and the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) and
designed by French company Aéroports de Paris Ingenierie (ADPi) and
CPG Corporation of Singapore. It is being built on more than 3200
acres of land and consists of a passenger terminal building, 2 runways
(28L/10R, 28R/10L), taxiways, apron and parking bays for wide-body
aircraft. There will also be a cargo terminal, air traffic control
complex, fuel farm, as well as a fire, crash, and rescue facility. It
would be equipped to handle all types of aircraft including the new
generation aircraft such as the Airbus A380, Boeing 747-8 and Airbus
A350 XWB aircraft . The construction site of the airport is near the
Fateh Jang Road near Fateh Jang, Attock, some 20 km
from Zero Point,
Islamabad and 23 km from Saddar, Rawalpindi.
The airport is being developed to be at par with international
standards to serve as a major hub for all aviation activities in
Pakistan.Project Management consultancy Services provided by Mott
Macdonald Ltd and MM
Pakistan (Pvt) Ltd.
Islamabad International Airport will have an 180,000m² modular
terminal building which will initially be able to handle 9 million
passengers and 80,000 metric tons cargo per annum. The numbers are
expected to reach 25 million passengers by 2024. Being a new
airport, a significant portion of the land has been earmarked for
commercial purposes such as duty-free shops, hotel and convention
center, air malls, business centre, food courts, leisure and
Attock is located near the Haro River, a tributary of the Indus River,
80 km (50 mi) from Rawalpindi, 100 km (62 mi) from
Peshawar, and 10 km (6 mi) from the
According to the Alif Ailaan
Pakistan District Education Rankings
Attock is ranked 3 out of 146 districts in
Pakistan in terms of
the quality of education. For facilities and infrastructure, the
district is ranked 17 out of 146. A detailed picture of the
district's education performance is also available online. Army
Public School & College, Government Polytechnic Institute, Noble
City School, The Smart School System, Beaconhouse are few
of the many educational institutes in Attock.
Battle of Attock, 1813
List of people from Attock
^ Shackle, Christopher (1980). "Hindko in
Kohat and Peshawar".
Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. 43 (3): 482.
doi:10.1017/S0041977X00137401. ISSN 0041-977X.
^ a b c d Pike, John. city.htm "
City Cantonment" Check url=
value (help). www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2018-03-09.
^ a b c Everett-Heath, John (2017-12-07). The Concise Dictionary of
World Place Names. Oxford University Press.
^ a b Everett-Heath, John (2017-12-07). city%20campbell&f=false
The Concise Dictionary of World Place Names Check url= value (help).
Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780192556462.
^ Haryana (India). Gazetteers Organisation (2000). Haryana District
Gazetteers: Imperial gazetteer of
India (provincial series), Punjab,
1908 (v. 2). Gazetteers Organisation, Revenue Dept., Haryana.
Retrieved 18 July 2011.
^ "Attock". World Gazeteer. Archived from the original on 13 May 2012.
Retrieved 18 July 2011.
^ One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text
from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.
(1911). "Attock". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge
University Press. p. 886.
^ Hasan, Shaikh Khurshid (2005). Historical forts in Pakistan.
National Institute of Historical & Cultural Research Centre of
Excellence, Quaid-i-Azam University. p. 37.
ISBN 978-969-415-069-7. Retrieved 17 July 2011.
Attock to Cuttack, PM Narendra Modi causes a stir". The Economic
Times. June 27, 2017.
^ World oil. Gulf Publishing Company. March 1947. p. 12.
Retrieved 17 July 2011.
^ (India), Punjab (1932). Punjab District Gazetteers:
1930. Superintendent, Government Printing.
^ Jaffrelot, Christophe (2015-08-15). The
Instability and Resilience. Oxford University Press.
^ "Alif Ailaan
Pakistan District Education Rankings, 2014" (PDF). Alif
Ailaan. Retrieved 2014-05-06.
^ "Individual district profile link, 2014" (PDF). Alif Ailaan.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in
the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Attock".
Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
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