Tatars (Tatar: Əsterxan tatarları, Әsterhan tatarlary)
are a subgroup of the Tatar people.
In the 15th to 17th century the
Tatars inhabited the
Astrakhan Khanate (1459 - 1556), which was also inhabited by the Nogai
Horde, and the
Tatars experienced a profound effect on
Nogais. Since the 18th century there has been an increased interaction
and ethnic mix of the
Tatars with Volga Tatars.
2.1 20th century
Tatars (around 80,000) are a group of Tatars,
descendants of the
Astrakhan Khanate's nomadic population, who live
Astrakhan Oblast. For the Russian Census in 2010, most
Tatars declared themselves simply as
Tatars and few declared
Astrakhan Tatars. A large number of Volga
Tatars live in
Astrakhan Oblast and differences between them have been disappearing.
Tatars are further divided into the Kundrov, Yurt and
Karagash Tatars. The latter are also at times called the Karashi
Text from Britannica 1911:
Tatars number about 10,000 and are, with the Kalmyks,
all that now remains of the once so powerful
Astrakhan empire. They
also are agriculturists and gardeners; while some 12,000 Kundrovsk
Tatars still continue the nomadic life of their ancestors.
Astrakhan (Ästerxan) Tatar is a mixed dialect, around 43,000
have assimilated to the Middle (i.e., Kazan) dialect. Their ancestors
Khazars and some Volga Bulgars. (
Volga Bulgars had trade
colonies in modern
Astrakhan and Volgograd oblasts of Russia.)
Tatars also assimilated the Agrzhan.
To 1917, the
Astrakhan - one of the major centers of Tatar cultural
and social life. Some Kazan
Tatars settled in Astrakhan. In 1892, the
functioning madrassas "lower classes." The newspaper "Azat Halyk"
(1917-1919), "Irek" (1917), "Islah" (1907), "tartysh" (1917-1919),
"Idel" (1907 - 1914, renewed in 1991). News magazines "Azat Khanum"
(1917-1918), "Magarif" (1909), "Wheel" (1907), etc. Since 1907, he has
worked Tatar folk theater. In 1919, organized by
Astrakhan Tatar drama
At present, the company operates the
Astrakhan region of the Tatar
national culture "Duslyk" and Tatar youth center "Umid" (founded in
1989). Parallel works "Center of preservation and development of the
Tatar culture" at the nonprofit Partnership Tatar business center (NP
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (June 2015)
Astrakhan Tatars, ethnic settlement and population
dynamics in the XVIII - beginning of XX century. / /
- Kazan, 1992. - S. 5-33.
The Tartars. The people of Russia. Encyclopedia. - M., 1994. - S.
^ Russian Census 2010: Population by ethnicity Archived 2012-04-24 at
the Wayback Machine. (in Russian)
^ Olson, James S., An Ethnohistorical Dictionary of the Russian and
Soviet Empires. (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1994) p. 55
^ Wixman, Ronald. The Peoples of the USSR: An Ethnographic Handbook.
(Armonk, New York: M. E. Sharpe, Inc, 1984) p. 15
Ethnic groups in Russia