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Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Oblast (Russian: Астраха́нская о́бласть, Astrakhanskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia
Russia
(an oblast) located in southern Russia. Its administrative center is the city of Astrakhan. Population: 1,010,073 (2010 Census).[9]

Contents

1 Geography 2 History

2.1 Project Vega

3 Politics 4 Administrative divisions 5 Demographics

5.1 Religion

6 See also 7 Notes 8 References

8.1 Sources

9 External links

Geography[edit] Astrakhan
Astrakhan
is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude. Its southern border is the Caspian Sea, eastern is Kazakhstan, northern is Volgograd Oblast, and western is the Republic of Kalmykia. It is within the Russian Southern Federal District. History[edit] The oblast was created on December 27, 1943, on parts of the territories of the abolished Kalmyk ASSR
Kalmyk ASSR
and Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Okrug of Stalingrad Oblast.[4] Project Vega[edit] From October 8, 1980 to October 27, 1984, and under the leadership of Nikolai Baibakov,[a] the USSR held fifteen deep underground nuclear tests for Nuclear Explosions for the National Economy
Nuclear Explosions for the National Economy
at the site Vega in the Ryn Desert
Ryn Desert
in the east of the oblast less than 50 km from downtown Astrakhan
Astrakhan
to create reservoirs for natural gas storage.[14][15] Because of the detonation depth (975 to 1,100 meters) and relatively low yield (3.2 to 13.5 kilotons), no radiation was released to the environment.[14] These blasts had lower yields than the Project Sapphire blasts, which were 40km south-southwest of Orenburg, to reduce any possible seismic destruction to nearby towns in the Volga delta including Astrakhan.[15][16] At that time, the natural gas fields near Astrakhan, which are at a deplth of 3900 to 4,100 meters, could contain as much as 6 trillion cubic meters, which is an amount similar to Urengoy. In 2017, the Astrakhanskoye field, which is an area of 100km by 40km in the middle of the Astrakhan
Astrakhan
arch and is 60km northeast of Astrakhan, is the ninth largest in Russia
Russia
and the largest in European Russia
Russia
with an estimated gas in place of 102 trillion cubic feet (2.9 trillion cubic metres). The deposit is operated by Gazprom
Gazprom
Dobycha Astrakhan
Astrakhan
which is a wholly owned subsidiary of Gazprom.[17] The field produces large amounts of sulfur, too.[17][18][19][20][21][22] See also: List of nuclear weapons tests of the Soviet Union Politics[edit]

Governor and Government of Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Oblast Administration Building

During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: The first secretary of the Astrakhan
Astrakhan
CPSU Committee (who in reality had the biggest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, and the head of the Oblast administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament. The Charter of Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Oblast is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Oblast is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Oblast Administration, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day to day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia. Administrative divisions[edit] Main article: Administrative divisions of Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Oblast Demographics[edit]

Volga Delta
Volga Delta
in Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Oblast

Bogdo-Baskunchak Nature Reserve
Bogdo-Baskunchak Nature Reserve
in Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Oblast

Population: 1,010,073 (2010 Census);[9] 1,005,276 (2002 Census);[23] 998,114 (1989 Census).[24]

Ethnic groups

According to the 2010 Census, the ethnic composition was:[9]

Russian 67.6% Kazakh 16.3% Tatar 6.6% Ukrainian 0.9% Nogay 0.8% Chechen 0.8% Azeri 0.9% Kalmyk 0.7% Armenian 0.6% Roma 0.6% Avar 0.5% Lezgin 0.5% Dargin 0.5% Belarusians
Belarusians
0.3% Others 2.4% 95,217 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[25] Births (2008): 14,200 (14.2 per 1000) Deaths (2008): 13,660 (13.6 per 1000) [1]

Vital statistics for 2012

Births: 15 304 (15.1 per 1000) Deaths: 12 783 (12.6 per 1000) [26] Total fertility rate:[27]

2009 - 1.77 2010 - 1.76 2011 - 1.78 2012 - 1.93 2013 - 1.91 2014 - 1.97 2015 - 1.97 2016 - 1.93(e) Religion[edit]

Religion in Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Oblast as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas)[28][29]

Russian Orthodoxy

46%

Other Orthodox

4.3%

Other Christians

2.1%

Islam

14.6%

Rodnovery
Rodnovery
and other native faiths

1.7%

Spiritual but not religious

16.5%

Atheism
Atheism
and irreligion

6.2%

Other and undeclared

8.6%

According to a 2012 survey[28] 46% of the population of Astrakhan Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 4% are Orthodox Christian
Christian
believers who do not belong to any church or are members of other (non-Russian) Orthodox churches, 2% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 14% are Muslims, and 2% of the population adheres to the Slavic native faith
Slavic native faith
(Rodnovery) or other folk religions of the region. In addition, 16% of the population declares to be spiritual but not religious, 6% is atheist, and 10% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[28]

See also[edit]

Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Khanate Music of Astrakhan Elections in Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Oblast List of Chairmen of the Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Oblast Duma

Notes[edit]

^ In 1963, with support from individuals in the Krasnodarnefteproekt, Nikolai Konstantinovich Baibakov received the Lenin Prize
Lenin Prize
in technology for his discovery and development of gas-condensate fields. Later, as Chairman of Gosplan
Gosplan
from October 2, 1965, to October 14, 1985, he actively pursued the development of gas condensate fields across the Soviet Union.

References[edit]

^ Article 8 of the Charter of Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Oblast states that the oblast may have an anthem, providing a law is adopted to that effect. As of 2014, no such law is in place. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.). ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. ( Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ). ^ a b Decree of December 27, 1943 ^ Official website of Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Oblast. Biography of Alexander Alexandrovich Zhilkin, the Governor of Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Oblast (in Russian) ^ Charter of Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Oblast, Article 22 ^ Charter of Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Oblast, Article 15 ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All- Russia
Russia
Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01.  ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All- Russia
Russia
Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.  ^ The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population. ^ Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Oblast Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Население (in Russian) ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.). ^ Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia. ^ a b Mikhaylov, Victor H. (ed.). "Ядерные испытания в СССР" [Nuclear tests in the USSR]. Ministry of Atomic Energy and the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation (in Russian). Retrieved October 5, 2017.  ^ a b Nordyke, M. D. (September 1, 2000). "Underground Cavities for Storage of Gas Condensate". The Soviet Program for Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Explosions (PDF). Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. pp. 36–41. doi:10.2172/793554. Report no.: UCRL-ID-124410 Rev 2. Retrieved October 5, 2017.  U. S. Department of Energy contract no.: W-7405-Eng48. ^ Nordyke, Milo D. (July 24, 1996). The Soviet Program for Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Explosions (PDF). IAEA. pp. 36–9. Retrieved October 5, 2017.  ^ a b " Gazprom
Gazprom
Dobycha Astrakhan". Gazprom. Retrieved October 5, 2017.  ^ Borg, I.Y. (1982). "Underground nuclear explosions at Astrakhan, USSR". IAEA. Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA). Retrieved October 5, 2017.  ^ "USSR: Astrakhn Natural Gas Project" (PDF). CIA. December 3, 1982. Retrieved October 5, 2017.  ^ Kondratyev, А.Н.; Molodih, G.H.; Razmishlyaev, A.A. (January 13, 1982). "Особенности формирования Астраханского газоконденсатного месторождения" [Features of the Astrakhan
Astrakhan
gas condensate field] (in Russian). Retrieved October 5, 2017.  ^ "Астраханская область. Объект "Вега" готовят к консервации" [ Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Region: The site "Vega" is being prepared for conservation]. regions.ru (in Russian). November 27, 2003. Retrieved October 5, 2017.  ^ Yablokov, Alexei Vladimirovich. "Миф о безопасности и эффективности мирных подземных ядерных взрывов" [The Myth of the Safety and Efficiency of Peaceful Underground Nuclear Explosions]. Yabloko
Yabloko
(in Russian). Retrieved October 5, 2017.  ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.  ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.  ^ http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936 ^ http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/2012/demo/edn12-12.htm ^ http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publications/catalog/doc_1137674209312 ^ a b c "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012. ^ 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.

Sources[edit]

Государственная Дума Астраханской области. №21/2007-ОЗ 9 апреля 2007 г. «Устав Астраханской области», в ред. Закона №49/2017-ОЗ от 25 сентября 2017 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 17 Устава Астраханской области». Вступил в силу 30 апреля 2007 г. (за исключением отдельных положений). Опубликован: "Сборник законов и нормативных правовых актов Астраханской области", №18, 19 апреля 2007 г. (State Duma of Astrakhan Oblast. #21/2007-OZ April 9, 2007 Charter of Astrakhan Oblast, as amended by the Law #49/2017-OZ of September 25, 2017 On Amending Article 17 of the Charter of Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Oblast. Effective as of April 30, 2007 (with the exception of several clauses).). Президиум Верховного Совета СССР. Указ от 27 декабря 1943 г. «О ликвидации Калмыцкой АССР и образовании Астраханской области в составе РСФСР». ( Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
of the USSR. Decree of December 27, 1943 On Abolishing the Kalmyk ASSR
Kalmyk ASSR
and Establishing Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Oblast Within the RSFSR. ).

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Oblast.

(in Russian) Official website of Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Oblast  "Astrakhan, a government of S.E. Russia". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911. 

v t e

Subdivisions of Russia

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Adygea Altai Bashkortostan Buryatia Chechnya Chuvashia Crimea1 Dagestan Ingushetia Kabardino-Balkaria Kalmykia Karachay-Cherkessia Karelia Khakassia Komi Mari El Mordovia North Ossetia-Alania Sakha Tatarstan Tuva Udmurtia

Krais

Altai Kamchatka Khabarovsk Krasnodar Krasnoyarsk Perm Primorsky Stavropol Zabaykalsky

Oblasts

Amur Arkhangelsk Astrakhan Belgorod Bryansk Chelyabinsk Irkutsk Ivanovo Kaliningrad Kaluga Kemerovo Kirov Kostroma Kurgan Kursk Leningrad Lipetsk Magadan Moscow Murmansk Nizhny Novgorod Novgorod Novosibirsk Omsk Orenburg Oryol Penza Pskov Rostov Ryazan Sakhalin Samara Saratov Smolensk Sverdlovsk Tambov Tomsk Tula Tver Tyumen Ulyanovsk Vladimir Volgograd Vologda Voronezh Yaroslavl

Federal cities

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Autonomous oblast

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Autonomous okrugs

Chukotka Khanty-Mansi2 Nenets3 Yamalo-Nenets2

1Claimed by Ukraine
Ukraine
and considered by most of the international community to be part of Ukraine 2Administratively subordinated to Tyumen Oblast 3Administratively subordinated to Arkhangelsk Oblast

Internal additional non-constitutional divisions by different institutions

Economic regions (by Ministry of Economic Development) Military districts (by Ministry of Defence) Federal districts (by President) Judicial districts (by law "On arbitration courts")

Places adjacent to Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Oblast

 Voronezh Oblast  Volgograd Oblast

 Kalmykia

  Astrakhan
Astrakhan
Oblast

Atyrau and West Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
Provinces,  Kazakhstan

Caspian Sea  Dagestan Baku, Khachmaz, Khizi, Shabran, Siazan and Sumqayit,  Azerbaijan Mangystau Region, 

.