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The Asia
Asia
Cooperation Dialogue (ACD) is an inter-governmental organization created on 18 June 2002 to promote Asian cooperation at a continental level and to help integrate separate regional organizations such as ASEAN, SAARC, the Gulf Cooperation Council, and the Eurasian Economic Union.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Ministerial Meetings 1.2 Summits

2 Objectives 3 Member States 4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links

History[edit] It is the main objective of the former Thai Prime Minister to form the Asia
Asia
Co-operation Dialogue or the forerunner to the Asian Union. The ACD's main members states are Pakistan, Kuwait, Qatar, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Indonesia, Thailand, Uzbekistan, China
China
and Japan, the so-called Major Ten ACD Nations.[3] The idea of an Asia
Asia
Cooperation Dialogue was raised at the First International Conference of Asian Political Parties (held in Manila between 17–20 September 2000) by Surakiart Sathirathai, then deputy leader of the now defunct Thai Rak Thai
Thai Rak Thai
Party, on behalf of his party leader, Thaksin Shinawatra, then Prime Minister of Thailand. It was suggested that Asia
Asia
as a continent should have its own forum to discuss Asia-wide cooperation. Afterwards, the idea of the ACD was formally put forward during the 34th ASEAN
ASEAN
Foreign Ministers Meeting in Hanoi, 23–24 July 2001 and at the ASEAN
ASEAN
Foreign Ministers Retreat in Phuket, 20–21 February 2002. Ministerial Meetings[edit]

Meeting Country Year

1st  Thailand, Cha-am 18–19 June 2002

2nd  Thailand, Chiang Mai 21–22 June 2003

3rd  China, Qingdao 21–22 June 2004

4th  Pakistan, Islamabad 4–6 April 2005

5th  Qatar, Doha 23–24 May 2006

6th  South Korea, Seoul 5–6 June 2007

7th  Kazakhstan, Astana 16–17 October 2008

8th[4]  Sri Lanka, Colombo 15–16 October 2009

9th  Iran, Tehran 8–9 November 2010

10th  Kuwait, Kuwait
Kuwait
City 10–11 October 2012

11th[5]  Tajikistan, Dushanbe 29 March 2013

12th[6]  Bahrain, Manama 26 November 2013

13th[7]  Saudi Arabia, Riyadh 25 November 2014

14th[8]  Thailand, Bangkok 9-10 March 2016

Summits[edit]

Meeting Country Year

I  Kuwait, Kuwait
Kuwait
City 15 - 17 October 2012

II  Thailand, Bangkok 8-10 October 2016

III  Iran, Tehran 2018[9]

Objectives[edit] The main objectives of the ACD are to:

Promote interdependence among Asian countries in all areas of cooperation by identifying Asia's common strengths and opportunities which will help reduce poverty and improve the quality of life for Asian people
Asian people
whilst developing a knowledge-based society within Asia and enhancing community and people empowerment; Expand the trade and financial market within Asia
Asia
and increase the bargaining power of Asian countries in lieu of competition and, in turn, enhance Asia's economic competitiveness in the global market; Serve as the missing link in Asian cooperation by building upon Asia's potentials and strengths through supplementing and complementing existing cooperative frameworks so as to become a viable partner for other regions; Ultimately transform the Asian continent into an Asian Community, capable of interacting with the rest of the world on a more equal footing and contributing more positively towards mutual peace and prosperity.

Member States[edit]

Membership and expansion of the Asia
Asia
Cooperation Dialogue

A clickable Euler diagram
Euler diagram
showing the relationships between various Asian regional organisations v • d • e

The ACD was founded by 18 members. Since March 2016, the organization consists of 34 states[10] as listed below (including all current members of ASEAN
ASEAN
and the GCC). Overlapping regional organization membership in italics.

Name Accession date Regional organization

 Afghanistan 000000002012-10-17-000017 October 2012 SAARC, ECO

 Bahrain 000000002002-06-18-000018 June 2002 GCC, AL

 Bangladesh 000000002002-06-18-000018 June 2002 SAARC, BIMSTEC

  Bhutan
Bhutan
[t 1] 000000002004-09-27-000027 September 2004 SAARC, BIMSTEC

 Brunei 000000002002-06-18-000018 June 2002 ASEAN

 Cambodia 000000002002-06-18-000018 June 2002 ASEAN, MCG

 China 000000002002-06-18-000018 June 2002 SCO

 India 000000002002-06-18-000018 June 2002 SAARC, BIMSTEC, MGC

 Indonesia 000000002002-06-18-000018 June 2002 ASEAN

 Iran 000000002004-06-21-000021 June 2004 ECO

 Japan 000000002002-06-18-000018 June 2002 —

  Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
[t 2] 000000002003-06-21-000021 June 2003 CIS, ECO, SCO

 South Korea 000000002002-06-18-000018 June 2002 —

 Kuwait 000000002003-06-21-000021 June 2003 GCC, AL

 Kyrgyzstan[11] 000000002008-10-16-000016 October 2008 CIS, ECO, SCO

 Laos 000000002002-06-18-000018 June 2002 ASEAN, MCG

 Malaysia 000000002002-06-18-000018 June 2002 ASEAN

 Mongolia 000000002004-06-21-000021 June 2004 —

 Myanmar 000000002002-06-18-000018 June 2002 ASEAN, BIMSTEC, MCG

   Nepal 000000002016-03-10-000010 March 2016 SAARC, BIMSTEC

 Oman 000000002003-06-21-000021 June 2003 GCC, AL

 Pakistan 000000002002-06-18-000018 June 2002 SAARC, ECO

 Philippines 000000002002-06-18-000018 June 2002 ASEAN,

 Qatar 000000002002-06-18-000018 June 2002 GCC, AL

  Russia
Russia
[t 2] 000000002005-04-04-00004 April 2005 CIS, CoE, SCO

 Saudi Arabia 000000002005-04-04-00004 April 2005 GCC, AL

 Singapore 000000002002-06-18-000018 June 2002 ASEAN

 Sri Lanka 000000002003-06-21-000021 June 2003 SAARC, BIMSTEC

 Tajikistan 000000002006-06-05-00005 June 2006 CIS, ECO, SCO

 Thailand 000000002002-06-18-000018 June 2002 ASEAN, BIMSTEC, MCG

 Turkey[10][t 2] 000000002013-09-26-000026 September 2013 CoE,[t 3] ECO

 United Arab Emirates 000000002004-06-21-000021 June 2004 GCC, AL

 Uzbekistan 000000002006-06-05-00005 June 2006 CIS, ECO, SCO

 Vietnam 000000002002-06-18-000018 June 2002 ASEAN, MCG

^ One more membership request was finally confirmed at the ACD Breakfast Meeting of 27 September 2004 ^ a b c Located partially in Europe. ^ Turkey
Turkey
is a European Union
European Union
candidate since 1999.

See also[edit]

Asia
Asia
Council Pan-Asianism One Belt One Road Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank Asian Currency Unit Asian Clearing Union Asian Development Bank Asian Parliamentary Assembly Continental regional organizations International organization Continental union East Asia
Asia
Community Eurasian Economic Union Asia– Europe
Europe
Meeting Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia Shanghai Cooperation Organisation

References[edit]

^ http://www.mfa.go.th/main/en/media-center/28/39591-Thailand-nominates-ACD-Secretary-General--and-high.html ^ Corresponds to the terrestrial surface. Including the Exclusive Economic Zones of each member state, the total area is 73 936 667 km². ^ For an analysis of the history of the ACD see Michael, Arndt (2013). China's Foreign Policy and Regional Multilateralism (Palgrave Macmillan), pp. 175-181. ^ "Arrangements for media coverage of the 8th Asia
Asia
Cooperation Dialogue Ministerial Meeting October 2009" (PDF). Retrieved 15 September 2009. [permanent dead link] ^ http://thailandnewsworth.wordpress.com/2013/04/03/thaksins-statement-at-the-11th-asia-cooperation-dialogue-ministerial-meeting/ ^ 12th Asia
Asia
Cooperation Dialogue Ministerial Meeting held in Bahrain ^ "32 ministers to attend Riyadh
Riyadh
conference". Arab News.com. 2 November 2009. Retrieved 30 May 2015.  ^ "Chairman's Statement 14th Asia
Asia
Cooperation Dialogue (ACD) Ministerial Meeting" (PDF).  ^ ACD Summit ^ a b "No: 253, 26 September 2013, Press Release on Turkey's Membership to the Asia
Asia
Cooperation Dialogue". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey. 26 September 2013. Retrieved 26 October 2013.  ^ "Assistant Foreign Minister Zhai Jun Attends the 7th Asia Cooperation Dialogue Foreign Ministers'Meeting in Kazakhstan". Retrieved 28 June 2010. 

Further reading[edit]

Why We Need an Asian Union European Policy Centre (2005-01): EU and Asian Integration Processes Compared The Guardian (2005-04-12): Hopes and Fears of an Asian Union International Herald Tribune (2005-06-18): Toward an 'Asian Union'? Asia
Asia
Times (2005-10-01): Hedging China
China
with FTAs International Herald Tribune (2005-12-16): An Asian Union? Not Yet Bangkok
Bangkok
Post (2006-05-19): Towards a Truly Pan-Asian Community China
China
Daily (2007-04-21): Asian Integration Still a Long Way Off Tehran
Tehran
Times (2010-03-14): Ahmadinejad Proposes Establishment of Asian Union

External links[edit]

Asia
Asia
Cooperation Dialogue Asia
Asia
Regional Integration Center Association for Asian Union Boao Forum for Asia New Asia
Asia
Forum Society for Asian Integration

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