The river has borne the name "Ashi" since the Qing (17th–20th century). Before that, it was known as the Anchuhu (Middle Chinese: ʔan-tsyhwit-xu), a medieval Chinese transcription of its original Jurchen name Anchun, Ancun, or Alcun,[n 1] meaning "Gold'" or "Golden", presumably from placer deposits along its banks.
The river was the home to Huining (now Acheng), the original settlement of the Wanyan clan of the Jurchens. When their chief Aguda declared himself the successor of the Liao c. 1115, he adopted the dynastic name Jin as a Chinese translation of the river's name.[n 2] Huining—as Shangjing (the "Upper Capital")—served as the Jin capital until 1234 and later served as a subsidiary capital after 1173.
|This Heilongjiang location article is a stub. You can help by expanding it.|