HOME
The Info List - Artisanal Fishing


--- Advertisement ---



Artisanal fishing
Artisanal fishing
(or traditional/subsistence fishing) are various small-scale, low-technology, low-capital, fishing practices undertaken by individual fishing households (as opposed to commercial companies).[1] Many of these households are of coastal or island ethnic groups. These households make short (rarely overnight) fishing trips close to the shore. Their produce is usually not processed and is mainly for local consumption. Artisan fishing uses traditional fishing techniques such as rod and tackle, fishing arrows and harpoons, cast nets, and small (if any) traditional fishing boats. Artisan fishing may be undertaken for both commercial and subsistence reasons. It contrasts with large-scale modern commercial fishing practices in that it is often less wasteful and less stressful on fish populations than modern industrial fishing.

Contents

1 Artisan fishing boats and gears

1.1 Nigeria 1.2 Sudan

1.2.1 Blue Nile State 1.2.2 Sennar State 1.2.3 White Nile State 1.2.4 River Nile State 1.2.5 Northern State

2 Artisan techniques 3 Artisanal Fishing
Fishing
Importance 4 See more 5 Notes 6 References 7 External links

Artisan fishing boats and gears[edit] See also: Traditional fishing boats Nigeria[edit] A traditional dug out canoe between 3-18 meters long is used in Nigeria for artisanal fishing. Artisanal fishers in this area use gear that included, "cast nets, handlines, basket traps, longlines, set gillnets and beach and purse seines."[2] Sudan[edit] Blue Nile State[edit] In the Blue Nile state in Sudan, the most common vessels used for artisanal fishing are the Sharoaq and Feluka whereas fixed nets are the most used gear. Other gear used in this state are the drift net and the seine net. [3] Sennar State[edit] In the Sennar State, the Sharoaq is the vessel most used for artisanal fishing. The gear they use in this area is mainly consists of fixed net, long line, and cast net gear.[4] White Nile State[edit] The most used vessel in the White Nile state is the Sharoaq. Fixed nets are the most common gear used in the state, but other gear used includes long-lines and drift nets. [5] River Nile State[edit] In the River Nile State, the most common vessel is the murkab al hadeed. The most common gear in this area are long-lines, fixed nets and cast nets.[6] Northern State[edit] The most common vessel in this state is the murkab al hadeed. The gear most used in this area are long-lines, fixed nets and drift nets[7]

Fishermen
Fishermen
at work off the northern coast of Mozambique

Fishing
Fishing
boats at Koh Tao, Thailand

Fishing
Fishing
boats on Flores, Indonesia

Artisan techniques[edit] See also: Fishing
Fishing
techniques

Fish wheel
Fish wheel
used in Alaska

Shrimpers on horseback, Oostduinkerke, Belgium.

Ice fishing
Ice fishing
on Syr-Darya river, Qyzylorda, Kazakhstan

Fisherman
Fisherman
landing his catch, Seychelles.

Fisherman
Fisherman
and his catch, Seychelles. The fish, including small sharks, were hooked on hand lines many miles off shore.

Shore based lift nets in Cà Mau, Vietnam. Also see Chinese fishing nets of Kochi.

Fisherman
Fisherman
with his net

Traditional fish traps, Hà Tây, Vietnam.

Cormorants used for fishing in China

Artisanal Fishing
Fishing
Importance[edit] Hundreds of millions of people around the world rely on artisanal fisheries to live. Artisanal fishing
Artisanal fishing
is critically important for not only food, but for jobs, income, nutrition, food security, sustainable livelihoods, and poverty alleviation as well.[8][9] Artisanal fisheries are the predominant form of fisheries in "tropical developing countries" such as Nigeria. [10] See more[edit]

Artisanal food Fishing
Fishing
weir Fishing
Fishing
village Traditional fishing boat Community-supported fishery Corf 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami

Notes[edit]

^ Garcia, S.M. (2009). "Glossary". In Cochrane, K.; Garcia, S.M. A fishery managers handbook. FAO
FAO
and Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 473–505.  ^ Inoni, O.E; Oyaide, W.J (2007). "SOCIO-ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF ARTISANAL FISHING IN THE SOUTH AGRO-ECOLOGICAL ZONE OF DELTA STATE, NIGERIA". AGRICULTURA TROPICA ET SUBTROPICA. 40 (4).  ^ Anton, Paula; Curtis, Lori (2017). "Livelihoods of small-scale fishers along the Nile River in Sudan" (PDF). FAO. FAO. Retrieved 31 March 2018.  ^ Anton, Paula; Curtis, Lori (2017). "Livelihoods of small-scale fishers along the Nile River in Sudan" (PDF). FAO. FAO. Retrieved 31 March 2018.  ^ Anton, Paula; Curtis, Lori (2017). "Livelihoods of small-scale fishers along the Nile River in Sudan" (PDF). FAO. FAO. Retrieved 31 March 2018.  ^ Anton, Paula; Curtis, Lori (2017). "Livelihoods of small-scale fishers along the Nile River in Sudan" (PDF). FAO. FAO. Retrieved 31 March 2018.  ^ Anton, Paula; Curtis, Lori (2017). "Livelihoods of small-scale fishers along the Nile River in Sudan" (PDF). FAO. FAO. Retrieved 31 March 2018.  ^ Whitty, T. "Artisanal Fisheries Impacts". Ocean Scientists for Informed Policy. Retrieved 31 March 2018.  ^ "Small-scale Fisheries". FI Institutional Websites. FAO
FAO
Fisheries and Aquaculture
Aquaculture
Department. Retrieved 31 March 2018.  ^ Inoni, O.E; Oyaide, W.J (2007). "SOCIO-ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF ARTISANAL FISHING IN THE SOUTH AGRO-ECOLOGICAL ZONE OF DELTA STATE, NIGERIA". AGRICULTURA TROPICA ET SUBTROPICA. 40 (4). 

References[edit]

FAO: Definition: Artisanal fisheries Béné, C; Macfadyen, G; Allison, E H (2007) Increasing the contribution of small-scale fisheries to poverty alleviation and food security FAO
FAO
Fisheries Technical Paper T481. ISBN 978-92-5-105664-6 Diegues, Antonio Carlos (2002) Sea Tenure, traditional knowledge and management among brazilian artisanal fishermen. NUPAUB, University of São Paulo. Retrieved 25 April 2008. Pauly, D (2006) Major trends in small-scale marine fisheries, with emphasis on developing countries, and some implications for the social sciences Maritime Studies (MAST) 4(2): 7-22. Tietze,U; Siar, S; Upare, Suchitra M and Upare, M A (2007) Livelihood and micro-enterprise development opportunities for women in coastal fishing communities in India FAO
FAO
Fisheries Circulars C1021.

External links[edit]

OAS: Report on fisheries including artisan fishing FAO: Report on artisan fishing in the wake of the 2004 tsunami World Fish Center: Productive and resilient Small-scale Fisheries Artisanal Fisheries ACIAR Project FIS/2001/079 "Los Hombres del Lago", a documentary film by Aaron I. Naar presenting the story of the smallest Bolivian fishing community of Uru-Muratos, Puñaca Tintamaria. Narrated by the community’s ex-leader, Daniel Moricio Choque, the movie recounts the history of their community, customs, and current problems: their continuous poverty, lack of land and representation, the contamination of Lake Poopó, and the impact of global warming. See a 12 minutes fragment from the film on YouTube. Subsistence: Hearing before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate, One Hundred Thirteenth Congress, First Session, to Examine Wildlife Management Authority Within the State of Alaska
Alaska
under the Alaska
Alaska
National Interest Lands Act and the Alaska
Alaska
Native Claims Settlement Act, September 19, 2013 What is Artisan Fishing[permanent dead link]

v t e

Fisheries and fishing topic areas

Fisheries

Aquaculture Diversity of fish Fish diseases and parasites Fish farming Fisheries management Fisheries science Individual fishing quota Sustainable fishery Overfishing Wild fisheries

Fishing

Artisanal fishing Fisherman Fishing
Fishing
vessel History of fishing

Industry

List of harvested aquatic animals by weight By country Commercial fishing Marketing Markets Processing Products Seafood

Recreation

Angling Big-game fishing Catch and release Fishing
Fishing
tournaments Fly fishing

Techniques

Fish trap Fishfinder Fishing
Fishing
net Gathering seafood by hand Handline fishing Spearfishing Trawling

Tackle

Artificial flies Bait Bite indicators Hook Line Lures Rod Sinker

Locations

Fish ponds Fishing
Fishing
banks Fishing
Fishing
villages Marine habitats

Glossary Index Outline Fishin

.