Arthur Louis
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Arthur Louis (21 June 1945 – 24 December 2014) was a British rock,
blues Blues is a music genre A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music Music is the art of arranging sounds in time to produce a composition through the elements of melody, harmony, rhythm, and timbre. ...

blues
and
reggae Reggae () is a that originated in in the late 1960s. The term also denotes the modern popular music of Jamaica and its . A 1968 single by , "" was the first popular song to use the word "reggae", effectively naming the genre and introducing ...

reggae
cross-over musician. His surname is pronounced as ''luːɪs (Lewis)'' and he held British nationality. He released three solo albums and was responsible for introducing the work of musician
Mike Oldfield Mike is a masculine given name. It is also encountered as an abbreviation or shorthand for Michael. Notable people with the name include: People * Mike Adenuga, Nigerian billionaire businessman * Mike Affleck, American football player * Mike ...
to
Virgin Records Virgin Records Ltd was a British independent record label founded by entrepreneurs Richard Branson, Simon Draper, Nik Powell, and musician Tom Newman in 1972. It grew to be a worldwide success over time, with the success of platinum perfor ...
.


Early life

Born in Jamaica, Louis moved to
Brooklyn Brooklyn () is a borough A borough is an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unit,Article 3(1). country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar te ...

Brooklyn
with his family at a young age. In his late teens he attended
Michigan State University Michigan State University (MSU) is a in . MSU was founded in 1855 and served as a model for land-grant colleges and universities later created under the of 1862. The university was founded as the Agricultural College of the State of Mich ...
where he joined and toured with the band Terminal Stations, in Brazil and Germany.


Career

At the beginning of his career Louis toured with terminal stations. He recorded his debut album ''Knockin' on Heaven's Door'' in 1974, which featured
Eric Clapton Eric Patrick Clapton, (born 1945) is an English Rock music, rock and blues guitarist, singer, and songwriter. He is the only List of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees#Multiple inductees, three-time inductee to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fam ...
and
Gene Chandler Gene Chandler (born Eugene Drake Dixon; July 6, 1937) is an American singer, songwriter Songwriting partners Rodgers and Hart working on a song in 1936 A songwriter is a musician A musician is a person who composes, conducts, or perfor ...

Gene Chandler
. The title song, a
reggae Reggae () is a that originated in in the late 1960s. The term also denotes the modern popular music of Jamaica and its . A 1968 single by , "" was the first popular song to use the word "reggae", effectively naming the genre and introducing ...
blues version of
Bob Dylan Bob Dylan (born Robert Allen Zimmerman; May 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter, author and visual artist. Often regarded as one of the greatest songwriters of all time, Dylan has been a major figure in for more than 50 years. Much of ...

Bob Dylan
's "
Knockin' on Heaven's Door "Knockin' on Heaven's Door" is a song by American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan, written for the soundtrack of the 1973 film '' Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid''. Released as a single two months after the film's premiere, it became a worldwide hit, r ...
" was released as a single in July 1975, a week before Eric Clapton released his own interpretation of Louis's arrangement, of the same song. Louis's release received attention but was over shadowed by Clapton's, which featured Louis's "Someone Like You" as the
B-side A-side and B-side are terms used to refer to the two sides of phonograph records and Compact cassette, cassettes, and have often been printed on the labels of two-sided music recordings. The A-side usually features a recording that its artist, ...
. Louis's album Knocking on Heaven's Door, eventually climbed to #6 in International charts. In 1991 the German record label Discovery Sounds licensed and re-mastered his debut album, Knockin' on heaven's door and the subsequent release revived interest in his music. Later renewed interest from Japan prompted the release of his second album Back From Palookaville (1998). By 2006 Louis was making concert appearances in Europe once more, which re-established him in countries such as Italy and Spain. In December 2008, he appeared on
BBC Radio 2 BBC Radio 2 is a British national radio station owned and operated by the BBC. It is the List of most-listened-to radio programs, most popular station in the United Kingdom with over 15 million weekly listeners. The station broadcasts a wide ra ...

BBC Radio 2
's Paul Jones Show. In 2009 he released his third album Black Cat, a retrospective album which included new songs such as the title track "Black Cat". In the same year he played with his band at the London launch of '
Martin Scorsese Martin Charles Scorsese (, ; born November 17, 1942) is an American film and television director, producer, screenwriter, and film historian, in addition to occasionally serving as an actor. One of the major figures of the New Hollywood New ...
Presents The Blues'. On 23 August the same year he appeared in London again with
Bobby Tench Robert Tench, also known as Bobby Tench, is a British vocalist, guitarist, sideman, songwriter and arranger. He is also credited on recordings as Bob Tench and Bobby Gass. He is best known for his work with Freddie King and Van Morrison, as well a ...
,
Jim Cregan James Cregan (born 9 March 1946) is an English rock guitarist and bassist, best known for his associations with Family (band), Family, Steve Harley & Cockney Rebel and Rod Stewart. Cregan is a former husband of the singer Linda Lewis and worked wi ...
and
Roger Chapman Roger Maxwell Chapman (born 8 April 1942 in Leicester Leicester is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Soci ...
.


Musical style and influence

Louis's use of modern blues rock has been compared with
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Taj Mahal
and Peter Brown's review of the album ''Black Cat'' (2009), stated that Louis was "the personification of easy electric blues" and that he brought "new energy and expression to the form". He was an established reggae, blues and rock cross-over artist and his interpretation of
Bob Dylan Bob Dylan (born Robert Allen Zimmerman; May 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter, author and visual artist. Often regarded as one of the greatest songwriters of all time, Dylan has been a major figure in for more than 50 years. Much of ...

Bob Dylan
's song "
Knockin' on Heaven's Door "Knockin' on Heaven's Door" is a song by American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan, written for the soundtrack of the 1973 film '' Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid''. Released as a single two months after the film's premiere, it became a worldwide hit, r ...
" brought him international attention. When writing about the re-release of Louis's "Knockin' on Heaven's door" in 1991, journalist Phil Parker mentioned Louis's influence on Clapton's reggae interpretations. Other songs which exemplify his work in this genre are, his version of Dylan's "I shall be released" and "If I ever needed you" co-written with
Scott English Sheldon David English (January 10, 1937 – November 16, 2018), known as Scott English, was an United States, American songwriter, Arrangement, arranger and record producer. He is best known as the co-writer of "Mandy (English and Kerr song), ...
, both from Back from Palookaville.


Discography


Albums

*''Knockin' on Heaven's Door'', Arthur Louis featuring Eric Clapton and Gene Chandler. Plum 001 (1974) *''Back From Palookaville'', Arthur Louis. Crown 4053 (1998) *''Knocking on Heaven's Door'', Arthur Louis with Eric Clapton. Pandisc 8949 (1999) *''Knocking on Heaven's Door'', Arthur Louis featuring Eric Clapton. Discovery Sounds 250043 (2006) *''Knocking on Heaven's Door/Back From Palookaville'', Arthur Louis (double CD). Black Cat BLACKCAT001 (2008) *''Black Cat'', Arthur Louis. Black Cat BLACKCATCD 002 (2009) *''Knocking on Heaven's Door'' Arthur Louis with Eric Clapton. Solid CDSOL 1399 Japan (2011)


Singles

* "I just called to say I love you" (as Arthur Louie). Fresh Air 515 80 (1974). * "Knockin' on Heaven's Door"/"The Dealer" Arthur Louis.
Island An island (or isle) is an isolated piece of habitat that is surrounded by a dramatically different habitat, such as water. Very small islands such as emergent land features on atoll An atoll (), sometimes known as a coral atoll, is ...
WIP 6448 UK (1975) * "Knocking on Heaven's Door"/"Plum" Arthur Louis. Plum PR001 UK(1975) * "Still, It Feels Good"/"Come on And Love Me. Arthur Louis. Mainstreet 12 SPMS 104 (1981) 12" EP * "Knocking on Heaven's Door (Hot Perrers Return Mix)"/"Knocking on Heaven's Door (TNT Explosive Mix)" Arthur Louis. ARTHUR001 Promo (2000) EP


Knocking on Heaven's Door (Arthur Louis arrangement)

Arthur Louis's arrangement of the Bob Dylan song "
Knockin' on Heaven's Door "Knockin' on Heaven's Door" is a song by American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan, written for the soundtrack of the 1973 film '' Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid''. Released as a single two months after the film's premiere, it became a worldwide hit, r ...
" first appeared on Louis's album "Knockin' on Heaven's Door" (1974) ;also appears on * "Knockin' on Heaven's Door" single, Arthur Louis.
Island An island (or isle) is an isolated piece of habitat that is surrounded by a dramatically different habitat, such as water. Very small islands such as emergent land features on atoll An atoll (), sometimes known as a coral atoll, is ...
WIP 6448 UK (1975) * "Knockin' On Heaven's Door" single, Eric Clapton version (arr A.Louis). RSO 2090 166 (1975) *''This Is Reggae Music Vol2'' various Artists, Arthur Louis version.
Mango A mango is an edible stone fruit ), showing both fruit and seed Image:Nectarine Fruit Development.jpg, 300px, The development sequence of a typical drupe, a smooth-skinned (Peach#Nectarines, nectarine) type of peach (''Prunus persica'') over ...
9327 (1975) *''This Is Reggae Music Vol2'' various Artists, Arthur Louis version.
Island An island (or isle) is an isolated piece of habitat that is surrounded by a dramatically different habitat, such as water. Very small islands such as emergent land features on atoll An atoll (), sometimes known as a coral atoll, is ...
ILPS 9327 US (1975) *''Spécial Club Eté 78 Vol1'' various artists, Arthur Louis version. Philips Records, Philips 6830 773 France (1978) * "Knockin' On Heaven's Door", Eric Clapton version (arr A.Louis). Track 15 CD No3 ''Crossroads'', Eric Clapton (4-CD set). Polydor Records, Polydor 835 261 (1988) *''This Is Reggae Music Vol5'' various Artists, Arthur Louis version. Mango CCD9851 (1990) *''Knocking on Heaven's Door'', Arthur Louis. Pandisc 8949 (1999) *''Knocking on Heaven's Door'', Arthur Louis featuring Eric Clapton. Discovery Sounds 250043 (2006) * "Knocking On Heaven's Door", Eric Clapton version (arr A.Louis). Track 15 CD No3 ''Crossroads'', Eric Clapton (4-CD set). Polydor 530 2 809 (2007) *''Knocking on Heaven's Door'', Arthur Louis and Eric Clapton. Solid CDSOL 1399 Japan (2011)


Someone like You (Arthur Louis song)

Louis's version of this song originally appeared on his album ''Knockin' on Heaven's Door'' (1974) ;also appears on * B-side of "Knockin' On Heaven's Door" single (Eric Clapton version/arr A.Louis) RSO 2090 166 (1975) * Track 16 CD No3 ''Crossroads'' (Eric Clapton 4-CD set) Polydor 835 261 (1988) *''Knocking on Heaven's Door'' Arthur Louis featuring Eric Clapton. Discovery Sounds 250043 (2006) * Track 16 CD No3 ''Crossroads'' (Eric Clapton 4-CD set). Polydor 530 2 809 (2007)


Notes


References

*Schumaker, Michael. ''Crossroads: The life and music of Eric Clapton''. Citadel Press (2003). *Branson, Richard. ''Losing my virginity: How I've survived, had fun, and made a fortune doing business my way. Vol 1''. Times Business (1999).


External links

* * * {{DEFAULTSORT:Louis, Arthur 1950 births 2014 deaths British male singers British songwriters British male guitarists