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John Arthur Kennedy
Arthur Kennedy
(February 17, 1914 – January 5, 1990) was an American stage and film actor known for his versatility in supporting film roles and his ability to create "an exceptional honesty and naturalness on stage", especially in the original casts of Arthur Miller
Arthur Miller
plays on Broadway.[1] He won the 1949 Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Featured Actor in a Play for Miller's Death of a Salesman. He also won the Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actor for the 1955 film Trial, and was a five-time Academy Award
Academy Award
nominee.

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Career

2.1 Waning interest, ill-health, then comeback

3 Awards and honors

3.1 Oscar nominations

4 Personal life 5 Death 6 Filmography 7 References 8 External links

Early life and education[edit] Kennedy was born on February 17, 1914 in Worcester, Massachusetts, the son of Helen (née Thompson) and J.T. Kennedy, a dentist. He attended South High School, Worcester and Worcester Academy. At Carnegie Institute of Technology, Pittsburgh he studied drama, graduating with a B.A. in 1934.[2] Career[edit] Kennedy moved to New York and, billed as John Kennedy, joined the Group Theatre. He then toured with a classical repertory company. In September 1937, he made his Broadway debut as Bushy in Maurice Evans' Richard II at the St. James Theatre. In 1939 he played Sir Richard Vernon in Evans' Henry IV, Part 1.[2] Kennedy got his break when he was discovered by James Cagney. His first film role was of Cagney's younger brother in City for Conquest in 1940. He was equally adept as hero or villain, and was noted for his mastery of complex, multi-faceted roles. He appeared in many Western films and police dramas. During World War II, Kennedy served from 1943 to 1945 in the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) making aviation training films, both as a narrator and an actor. Many of those films today serve as an historical record of not only how aviators were trained but also how the equipment was operated. He appeared in many notable films from the early 1940s through to the mid-1960s, including High Sierra, Champion, They Died with Their Boots On, The Glass Menagerie, Lawrence of Arabia, Peyton Place, Some Came Running, Elmer Gantry, and Fantastic Voyage. Of Kennedy's film work, he is perhaps best-remembered for his collaborations with director Anthony Mann
Anthony Mann
and co-star James Stewart
James Stewart
on Bend of the River
Bend of the River
(1952) and The Man from Laramie
The Man from Laramie
(1955). In both films he played sympathetic villains. He also enjoyed a distinguished stage career over the same period, receiving a Tony Award
Tony Award
for the role of Biff Loman
Biff Loman
in Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman
Death of a Salesman
(1949). Kennedy also inaugurated three other major characters in Miller plays: Chris Keller in All My Sons
All My Sons
(1947), John Proctor in The Crucible
The Crucible
(1953) and Walter Franz in The Price (1968). In 1961 he played the title role in Becket, opposite Laurence Olivier as Henry II. On February 5, 1959, Kennedy appeared on the episode "Make It Look Good" of CBS's Dick Powell's Zane Grey Theatre.[3] In 1974, Kennedy was a regular in the cast of the short-lived ABC police drama Nakia, portraying Sheriff Sam Jericho. Waning interest, ill-health, then comeback[edit] With the death of his wife in 1975, failing eyesight, alcoholism, and thyroid cancer, Kennedy was reported as having lost interest in film-making. After Covert Action (1978), his next films were The Humanoid (1979) and Signs of Life (1989).[4] Awards and honors[edit] In 1949, Kennedy won a Tony Award
Tony Award
for best supporting actor as Biff in Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman
Death of a Salesman
at the Morosco Theatre.[2] The New York Film Critics named him best actor for Bright Victory (1951).[2] His performance in Trial won him a Golden Globe Award for best supporting actor.[2] His portrayal of the newspaper reporter in Elmer Gantry (1960) gained him a Film Daily Award and a Limelight Award.[2] Oscar nominations[edit] Kennedy, Claude Rains, and Robert Duvall
Robert Duvall
share the record of four losing nominations for the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Supporting Actor, although Duvall won for Lead Actor in 1983.[5] He also received a nomination for Best Actor for his performance in Bright Victory (1951).

Year Award Film Winner

1949 Best Supporting Actor Champion Dean Jagger
Dean Jagger
– Twelve O'Clock High

1951 Best Actor Bright Victory Humphrey Bogart
Humphrey Bogart
– The African Queen

1955 Best Supporting Actor Trial Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
– Mister Roberts

1957 Best Supporting Actor Peyton Place Red Buttons
Red Buttons
– Sayonara

1958 Best Supporting Actor Some Came Running Burl Ives
Burl Ives
– The Big Country

Personal life[edit] Kennedy married Mary Cheffey (1915–1975) in March 1938. They had two children: actress Laurie Kennedy and Terence.[2][6][7] Death[edit] During the last years of his life Kennedy suffered with thyroid cancer and eye disease. He spent much of his later life in Savannah, Georgia, keeping out of the public eye.[8] He died in 1990 in Branford, Connecticut of a brain tumor. He was buried in Woodlawn Cemetery (Nova Scotia), near his home at Lequille, Nova Scotia, Canada; his wife Mary is also buried there. Filmography[edit]

City for Conquest
City for Conquest
(1940) as Eddie Kenny High Sierra (1941) as 'Red' Knockout (1961) as Johnny Rocket Strange Alibi
Strange Alibi
(1941) as Joe Geary Bad Men of Missouri
Bad Men of Missouri
(1941) as Jim Younger Highway West (1941) as George Foster They Died with Their Boots On
They Died with Their Boots On
(1941) as Ned Sharp Desperate Journey
Desperate Journey
(1942) as Flying Officer Jed Forrest Air Force (1943) as Bombardier Resisting Enemy Interrogation (1944) as Sgt. Alfred Mason (uncredited) Devotion (1946) as Branwell Brontë Boomerang (1947) as John Waldron Cheyenne (1947) as Chalk The Walking Hills
The Walking Hills
(1949) as Chalk Champion (1949) as Connie The Window (1949) as Ed Woodry Too Late for Tears
Too Late for Tears
(1949) as Alan Palmer Chicago Deadline
Chicago Deadline
(1949) as Tommy Ditman The Glass Menagerie (1950) as Tom Wingfield Bright Victory
Bright Victory
(1951) as Larry Nevins Red Mountain (1951) as Lane Waldron Bend of the River
Bend of the River
(1952) as Emerson Cole Rancho Notorious
Rancho Notorious
(1952) as Vern Haskell The Girl in White
The Girl in White
(1952) as Dr. Ben Barringer The Lusty Men (1952) as Wes Merritt Impulse (1954) as Alan Curtis Crashout
Crashout
(1955) as Joe Quinn The Man From Laramie
The Man From Laramie
(1955) as Vic Hansbro The Desperate Hours (1955) as Deputy Sheriff Jesse Bard Trial (1955) as Barney The Naked Dawn
The Naked Dawn
(1955) as Santiago The Rawhide Years (1956) as Rick Harper Peyton Place (1957) as Lucas Cross Twilight for the Gods
Twilight for the Gods
(1958) as First Mate Ramsay Some Came Running
Some Came Running
(1958) as Frank Hirsh Home Is the Hero (1959) as Willie O'Reilly A Summer Place (1959) as Bart Hunter Elmer Gantry (1960) as Jim Lefferts Claudelle Inglish
Claudelle Inglish
(1961) as Clyde Inglish Murder, She Said
Murder, She Said
(1961) as Dr. Quimper People Need People (1961) (Television film; premiere episode of Alcoa Premiere) Barabbas (1961) as Pontius Pilate Hemingway's Adventures of a Young Man
Hemingway's Adventures of a Young Man
(1962) as Dr. Adams Lawrence of Arabia (1962) as Jackson Bentley Attack and Retreat
Attack and Retreat
(1964) as Ferro Maria Ferri Cheyenne Autumn
Cheyenne Autumn
(1964) as Doc Holliday Murieta (1965) as Capt. Love Joy in the Morning (1965) as Patrick Brown Nevada Smith
Nevada Smith
(1966) as Bill Bowdre Fantastic Voyage
Fantastic Voyage
(1966) as Dr. Duval Monday's Child (1967) as Peter Richardson Day of the Evil Gun
Day of the Evil Gun
(1968) as Owen Forbes A Minute to Pray, a Second to Die (1968) as Tuscosa Marshal Roy W. Colby Anzio (1968) as Maj. Gen. Jack Lesley Hail, Hero!
Hail, Hero!
(1969) as Albert Dixon Shark! (1969) as Doc My Old Man's Place (1971) as Walter Pell I Kiss the Hand
I Kiss the Hand
(1973) as Don Angelino Ferrante Ricco the Mean Machine
Ricco the Mean Machine
(1973) as Don Vito The Man from Independence (1974) as Tom Pendergast Let Sleeping Corpses Lie (1974) as The Inspector The Antichrist (1974) as Bishop Ascanio Oderisi Killer Cop
Killer Cop
(1975) as Armando Di Federico Rome Armed to the Teeth
Rome Armed to the Teeth
(1976) as Ruini Ab morgen sind wir reich und ehrlich (1976) as Mike Jannacone La spiaggia del desiderio (1976) as Antonio The Sentinel (1977) as Monsignor Franchino Gli ultimi angeli (1978) as Il nonno Bermuda: Cave of the Sharks (1978) as Mr. Jackson Cyclone (1978) as The Priest Porco mondo (1978) Covert Action (1978) as CIA Chief of Station, Athens The Humanoid
The Humanoid
(1979) as Dr. Kraspin Signs of Life (1989) as Owen Coughlin Grandpa (1990) (final film role)

References[edit]

^ James C. McKinley Jr., "Arthur Kennedy, Actor, 75, Dies; Was Versatile in Supporting Roles", The New York Times, 7 Jan 1990, p 30, via ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The New York Times (1851-2007) accessed 13 November 2011. ^ a b c d e f g Melissa Vickery-Bareford, "Kennedy, John Arthur", American National Biography Online, (Feb. 2000), accessed 13 Nov 13 2011. ^ "Zane Grey Theatre: "Make It Look Good", February 5, 1959". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved October 6, 2012.  ^ Glenn Collins, "Arthur Kennedy: Comeback for a Curmudgeon", The New York Times, 30 Apr 1989, p H24, via ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The New York Times (1851-2007) accessed 13 November 2011. ^ Arthur Kennedy
Arthur Kennedy
on IMDb ^ " Arthur Kennedy
Arthur Kennedy
Biography (1914-1990)". Film Reference, Theatre, Film, and Television Biographies. Advameg, Inc. Retrieved 13 November 2011.  ^ "Mary Cheffey". IMDB. Retrieved 13 November 2011.  ^ Macksoud, Meredith C.; Smith, Craig R.; Lohrke, Jackie (25 November 2002). "Arthur Kennedy, Man of Characters: A Stage and Cinema Biography". McFarland – via Google Books. 

External links[edit]

Biography portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arthur Kennedy
Arthur Kennedy
(actor).

Arthur Kennedy
Arthur Kennedy
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Arthur Kennedy
Arthur Kennedy
on IMDb Photographs of Arthur Kennedy
Arthur Kennedy
tombstone, Nova Scotia. Literature on Arthur Kennedy

Awards for Arthur Kennedy

v t e

Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture

Akim Tamiroff
Akim Tamiroff
(1943) Barry Fitzgerald
Barry Fitzgerald
(1944) J. Carrol Naish
J. Carrol Naish
(1945) Clifton Webb
Clifton Webb
(1946) Edmund Gwenn
Edmund Gwenn
(1947) Walter Huston
Walter Huston
(1948) James Whitmore
James Whitmore
(1949) Edmund Gwenn
Edmund Gwenn
(1950) Peter Ustinov
Peter Ustinov
(1951) Millard Mitchell
Millard Mitchell
(1952) Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1953) Edmond O'Brien
Edmond O'Brien
(1954) Arthur Kennedy
Arthur Kennedy
(1955) Earl Holliman
Earl Holliman
(1956) Red Buttons
Red Buttons
(1957) Burl Ives
Burl Ives
(1958) Stephen Boyd
Stephen Boyd
(1959) Sal Mineo
Sal Mineo
(1960) George Chakiris
George Chakiris
(1961) Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
(1962) John Huston
John Huston
(1963) Edmond O'Brien
Edmond O'Brien
(1964) Oskar Werner
Oskar Werner
(1965) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1966) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1967) Daniel Massey (1968) Gig Young
Gig Young
(1969) John Mills
John Mills
(1970) Ben Johnson (1971) Joel Grey
Joel Grey
(1972) John Houseman
John Houseman
(1973) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1974) Richard Benjamin
Richard Benjamin
(1975) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1976) Peter Firth
Peter Firth
(1977) John Hurt
John Hurt
(1978) Melvyn Douglas/ Robert Duvall
Robert Duvall
(1979) Timothy Hutton
Timothy Hutton
(1980) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1981) Louis Gossett Jr.
Louis Gossett Jr.
(1982) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1983) Haing S. Ngor
Haing S. Ngor
(1984) Klaus Maria Brandauer
Klaus Maria Brandauer
(1985) Tom Berenger
Tom Berenger
(1986) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1987) Martin Landau
Martin Landau
(1988) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(1989) Bruce Davison
Bruce Davison
(1990) Jack Palance
Jack Palance
(1991) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1992) Tommy Lee Jones
Tommy Lee Jones
(1993) Martin Landau
Martin Landau
(1994) Brad Pitt
Brad Pitt
(1995) Edward Norton
Edward Norton
(1996) Burt Reynolds
Burt Reynolds
(1997) Ed Harris
Ed Harris
(1998) Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
(1999) Benicio del Toro
Benicio del Toro
(2000) Jim Broadbent
Jim Broadbent
(2001) Chris Cooper
Chris Cooper
(2002) Tim Robbins
Tim Robbins
(2003) Clive Owen
Clive Owen
(2004) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2005) Eddie Murphy
Eddie Murphy
(2006) Javier Bardem
Javier Bardem
(2007) Heath Ledger
Heath Ledger
(2008) Christoph Waltz
Christoph Waltz
(2009) Christian Bale
Christian Bale
(2010) Christopher Plummer
Christopher Plummer
(2011) Christoph Waltz
Christoph Waltz
(2012) Jared Leto
Jared Leto
(2013) J. K. Simmons
J. K. Simmons
(2014) Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
(2015) Aaron Taylor-Johnson
Aaron Taylor-Johnson
(2016) Sam Rockwell
Sam Rockwell
(2017)

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Play

1949–1975

Arthur Kennedy
Arthur Kennedy
(1949) Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(1951) John Cromwell (1952) John Williams (1953) John Kerr (1954) Francis L. Sullivan
Francis L. Sullivan
(1955) Ed Begley
Ed Begley
(1956) Frank Conroy (1957) Henry Jones (1958) Charlie Ruggles
Charlie Ruggles
(1959) Roddy McDowall
Roddy McDowall
(1960) Martin Gabel
Martin Gabel
(1961) Walter Matthau
Walter Matthau
(1962) Alan Arkin
Alan Arkin
(1963) Hume Cronyn
Hume Cronyn
(1964) Jack Albertson
Jack Albertson
(1965) Patrick Magee (1966) Ian Holm
Ian Holm
(1967) James Patterson (1968) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(1969) Ken Howard
Ken Howard
(1970) Paul Sand (1971) Vincent Gardenia
Vincent Gardenia
(1972) John Lithgow
John Lithgow
(1973) Ed Flanders
Ed Flanders
(1974) Frank Langella
Frank Langella
(1975)

1976–2000

Edward Herrmann
Edward Herrmann
(1976) Jonathan Pryce
Jonathan Pryce
(1977) Lester Rawlins (1978) Michael Gough (1979) David Rounds (1980) Brian Backer (1981) Zakes Mokae (1982) Matthew Broderick
Matthew Broderick
(1983) Joe Mantegna
Joe Mantegna
(1984) Barry Miller (1985) John Mahoney
John Mahoney
(1986) John Randolph (1987) B. D. Wong
B. D. Wong
(1988) Boyd Gaines
Boyd Gaines
(1989) Charles Durning
Charles Durning
(1990) Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey
(1991) Laurence Fishburne
Laurence Fishburne
(1992) Stephen Spinella (1993) Jeffrey Wright
Jeffrey Wright
(1994) John Glover (1995) Ruben Santiago-Hudson
Ruben Santiago-Hudson
(1996) Owen Teale
Owen Teale
(1997) Tom Murphy (1998) Frank Wood (1999) Roy Dotrice
Roy Dotrice
(2000)

2001–present

Robert Sean Leonard
Robert Sean Leonard
(2001) Frank Langella
Frank Langella
(2002) Denis O'Hare
Denis O'Hare
(2003) Brían F. O'Byrne (2004) Liev Schreiber
Liev Schreiber
(2005) Ian McDiarmid
Ian McDiarmid
(2006) Billy Crudup
Billy Crudup
(2007) Jim Norton (2008) Roger Robinson (2009) Eddie Redmayne
Eddie Redmayne
(2010) John Benjamin Hickey
John Benjamin Hickey
(2011) Christian Borle
Christian Borle
(2012) Courtney B. Vance
Courtney B. Vance
(2013) Mark Rylance
Mark Rylance
(2014) Richard McCabe (2015) Reed Birney (2016) Michael Aronov (2017)

v t e

New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor

Charles Laughton
Charles Laughton
(1935) Walter Huston
Walter Huston
(1936) Paul Muni
Paul Muni
(1937) James Cagney
James Cagney
(1938) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1939) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1940) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
(1941) James Cagney
James Cagney
(1942) Paul Lukas
Paul Lukas
(1943) Barry Fitzgerald
Barry Fitzgerald
(1944) Ray Milland
Ray Milland
(1945) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1946) William Powell
William Powell
(1947) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1948) Broderick Crawford
Broderick Crawford
(1949) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1950) Arthur Kennedy
Arthur Kennedy
(1951) Ralph Richardson
Ralph Richardson
(1952) Burt Lancaster
Burt Lancaster
(1953) Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
(1954) Ernest Borgnine
Ernest Borgnine
(1955) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1956) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1957) David Niven
David Niven
(1958) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1959) Burt Lancaster
Burt Lancaster
(1960) Maximilian Schell
Maximilian Schell
(1961) No award (1962) Albert Finney
Albert Finney
(1963) Rex Harrison
Rex Harrison
(1964) Oskar Werner
Oskar Werner
(1965) Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
(1966) Rod Steiger
Rod Steiger
(1967) Alan Arkin
Alan Arkin
(1968) Jon Voight
Jon Voight
(1969) George C. Scott
George C. Scott
(1970) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1971) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1972) Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
(1973) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1974) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1975) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(1976) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1977) Jon Voight
Jon Voight
(1978) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1979) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(1980) Burt Lancaster
Burt Lancaster
(1981) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
(1982) Robert Duvall
Robert Duvall
(1983) Steve Martin
Steve Martin
(1984) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1985) Bob Hoskins
Bob Hoskins
(1986) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1987) Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
(1988) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(1989) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(1990) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1991) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(1992) David Thewlis
David Thewlis
(1993) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1994) Nicolas Cage
Nicolas Cage
(1995) Geoffrey Rush
Geoffrey Rush
(1996) Peter Fonda
Peter Fonda
(1997) Nick Nolte
Nick Nolte
(1998) Richard Farnsworth
Richard Farnsworth
(1999) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2000) Tom Wilkinson
Tom Wilkinson
(2001) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2002) Bill Murray
Bill Murray
(2003) Paul Giamatti
Paul Giamatti
(2004) Heath Ledger
Heath Ledger
(2005) Forest Whitaker
Forest Whitaker
(2006) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2007) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2008) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2009) Colin Firth
Colin Firth
(2010) Brad Pitt
Brad Pitt
(2011) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2012) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2013) Timothy Spall
Timothy Spall
(2014) Michael Keaton
Michael Keaton
(2015) Casey Affleck
Casey Affleck
(2016) Timothée Chalamet
Timothée Chalamet
(2017)

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 46946861 LCCN: n78073880 ISNI: 0000 0001 0896 4355 GND: 124524370 SUDOC: 059077859 BNF: cb138959324 (data) BN