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Arthur Crispien (4 November 1875 – 29 November 1946) was a German Social Democratic politician. Biography[edit] Crispien was born in Königsberg
Königsberg
(modern Kaliningrad, Russia) to August and Franziska Crispien. He worked as a house and stage painter in Königsberg
Königsberg
and joined the Social Democratic Party of Germany
Social Democratic Party of Germany
(SPD) in 1894. He worked for a Health insurance fund and became the editor of the Königsberger Volkszeitung (1904–1906), the Danzig
Danzig
Volkswacht (1906–1912) and the Schwäbische Tagwacht in Stuttgart (1912–1914). In 1906 to 1912 Crispien was the regional Chairman of the SPD in West Prussia.[1] At the outbreak of World War I
World War I
he opposed the Burgfriedenpolicy of the SPD concerning the German War credits and was dismissed from the Schwäbische Tagwacht.[1] He illegally published the newspaper Der Sozialdemokrat (The Social Democrat) and was imprisoned for 6 months.[2] He was conscripted in the German Army in 1916, joined the Independent Social Democrats (USPD) in 1917 and became its co-chairman and member of the Executive Committee. The Weimar era saw him elected a Member of the Reichstag in 1920.[3] He subsequently rejoined the SPD in 1922 and became its co-Chairman.[1] From 1921 Crispien was a member of the executive board of the International Working Union of Socialist Parties and since 1923 a delegate to the Labour and Socialist International.[4] In 1920 he led a delegation of the USPD to the 2nd World Congress of the Communist International but refused to accept Lenin's conditions for participation in the Comintern.[2] Following the Reichstag fire
Reichstag fire
in 1933 Crispien went into exile to Austria
Austria
and later Switzerland, representing the Social Democratic Party in Exile. Crispien supported political and Jewish refugees from Nazi Germany
Germany
and became a member of the Swiss Socialist Party. He was a delegate at the refugee conference of 1945 at Montreux.[1] Crispien died in Bern. References[edit]

^ a b c d Lane, A. Thomas (1995). Biographical dictionary of European labor leaders. Greenwood Press. p. 228. ISBN 0-313-29899-8.  ^ a b Biography[permanent dead link] at Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (in German) ^ Reichstag database (in German) ^ 94.12344&modus=&t_long Biography at Friedrich Ebert Foundation (in German)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arthur Crispien.

Arthur Crispien in the German National Library
German National Library
catalogue Arthur Crispien in the Reichstag Members Database (in German)

v t e

Chairmen of the Social Democratic Party of Germany

SPD (1890–1933)

Paul Singer / Alwin Gerisch August Bebel
August Bebel
/ Paul Singer August Bebel
August Bebel
/ Hugo Haase Hugo Haase
Hugo Haase
/ Friedrich Ebert Friedrich Ebert Friedrich Ebert
Friedrich Ebert
/ Philipp Scheidemann Otto Wels
Otto Wels
/ Herman Müller Arthur Crispien / Otto Wels
Otto Wels
/ Herman Müller Arthur Crispien / Otto Wels Arthur Crispien / Otto Wels
Otto Wels
/ Hans Vogel

SPD-in-exile (1933–1945)

Otto Wels
Otto Wels
/ Hans Vogel Hans Vogel

SPD (since 1946)

Kurt Schumacher Erich Ollenhauer Willy Brandt Hans-Jochen Vogel Björn Engholm Rudolf Scharping Oskar Lafontaine Gerhard Schröder Franz Müntefering Matthias Platzeck Kurt Beck Franz Müntefering Sigmar Gabriel Martin Schulz Olaf Scholz
Olaf Scholz
(Acting)

v t e

Chairmen of the USPD (1917–1931)

Hugo Haase/ Georg Ledebour (April 1917-March 1919) Arthur Crispien/ Hugo Haase
Hugo Haase
(March 1919-November 1919) Arthur Crispien/ Ernst Däumig (November 1919-October 1920) Arthur Crispien/ Georg Ledebour (October 1920-January 1922, Right faction) Ernst Däumig/Adolph Hoffmann (October 1920-December 1920, Left faction) Arthur Crispien/Wilhelm Dittmann/ Georg Ledebour (January 1922-October 1922) Georg Ledebour/ Theodor Liebknecht (October 1922-End of 1923) Theodor Liebknecht/Elsa Wiegmann (End of 1923-November 1931)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 5864253 GND: 12437492

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