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Arsinoë II (Ancient Greek: Ἀρσινόη, 316 BC – unknown date between July 270 and 260 BC) was a Ptolemaic Queen and co-regent of Ancient Egypt. She was Queen of Thrace, Asia Minor and Macedonia by marriage to King Lysimachus
Lysimachus
(Greek: Λυσίμαχος), and queen and co-ruler of Egypt with her brother-husband Ptolemy II
Ptolemy II
Philadelphus (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλάδελφος, "Ptolemy the sibling-loving"). As Queen of Egypt, she bore the titulary Khnenmetibenmaat Netjeru Arsanat ("Arsinoe, beloved of the gods, whose mind is unified with Maat")

Contents

1 Life

1.1 Early life 1.2 Queen of Lysimachus 1.3 Queen of Ptolemy Keraunos 1.4 Queen of Egypt 1.5 Legacy

2 See also 3 References 4 Bibliography 5 Further reading 6 External links

Life[edit] Early life[edit] Arsinoë was the first daughter of Pharaoh Ptolemy I Soter
Ptolemy I Soter
(Greek: Πτολεμαίος Σωτήρ, "Ptolemy the Savior"), founder of the Hellenistic state of Egypt, and his second wife Berenice I of Egypt.[1] Queen of Lysimachus[edit] At about age 15, Arsinoë married King Lysimachus
Lysimachus
(who was then around 60 years old),[2] to whom she bore three sons: Ptolemy I Epigonos,[3][4][5] Lysimachus[6] and Philip.[7] In order to position her sons for the throne, she had Lysimachus' first son, Agathocles, poisoned on account of treason. Queen of Ptolemy Keraunos[edit] After Lysimachus' death in battle in 281 BC, she fled to Cassandreia (Greek: Κασσάνδρεια) and married her paternal half-brother Ptolemy Keraunos, one of the sons of Ptolemy I from his previous wife, Eurydice of Egypt. The marriage was for political reasons as they both claimed the throne of Macedonia and Thrace
Thrace
(by the time of his death Lysimachus
Lysimachus
was ruler of both regions, and his power extended to Southern Greece and Asia Minor). Their relationship was never good. As Ptolemy Keraunos was becoming more powerful, she decided it was time to stop him and conspired against him with her sons. This action caused Ptolemy Keraunus to kill two of her sons, Lysimachus
Lysimachus
and Philip, while the eldest, Ptolemy, was able to escape and to flee north, to the kingdom of the Dardanians. She herself went to Alexandria, Egypt to seek protection from her brother, Ptolemy II Philadelphus.

"Cameo Gonzaga", Hermitage

Queen of Egypt[edit] In Egypt, she is believed to have instigated the accusation and exile of her brother Ptolemy II's first wife, Arsinoë I. Arsinoë II then married her brother. As a result, both were given the epithet "Philadelphoi" (Greek: Φιλάδελφοι, "Sibling-loving (plural)") by the presumably scandalized Greeks. Sharing in all of her brother's titles, she apparently was quite influential, having towns dedicated to her, her own cult (as was Egyptian custom), appearing on coinage and contributing to foreign policy, including Ptolemy II's victory in the First Syrian War between Egypt and the Seleucid Empire. According to Posidippus, she won three chariot races at the Olympic Games, probably in 272 BC.[8][9] Legacy[edit] After her death, Ptolemy II
Ptolemy II
continued to refer to her on official documents, as well as supporting her coinage and cult. In establishing her worship as a goddess he justified his own cult. See also[edit]

Arsinoitherium

References[edit]

^ "Did female Egyptian pharaoh rule before Cleopatra?". MSNBC. December 2, 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-05.  ^ Arsinoe of Egypt and Macedon: A Royal Life, Elizabeth Donnelly Carney, OUP USA, 2013 ISBN 9780195365511 ^ Billows, Kings and colonists: aspects of Macedonian imperialism, p.110 ^ Bengtson, Griechische Geschichte von den Anfängen bis in die römische Kaiserzeit, p.569 ^ "Ptolemy "the Son"". www.tyndalehouse.com. Retrieved 2018-03-19.  ^ Bengtson, Griechische Geschichte von den Anfängen bis in die römische Kaiserzeit, p.569 ^ Bengtson, Griechische Geschichte von den Anfängen bis in die römische Kaiserzeit, p.569 ^ Posidippus, P. Mil. Vogl. VIII 309, AB 78. ^ Donnelly Carney, Arsinoe of Egypt and Macedon: A Royal Life, pag. 142.

Bibliography[edit]

H. Bengtson, Griechische Geschichte von den Anfängen bis in die römische Kaiserzeit, C.H.Beck, 1977 R.A. Billows, Kings and colonists: aspects of Macedonian imperialism, BRILL, 1995 Elizabeth Donnelly Carney (2013). Arsinoe of Egypt and Macedon: A Royal Life. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-536551-1.  Milan Papyrus, P. Mil. Vogl. VIII 309. 

Further reading[edit]

S.M. Burstein, " Arsinoe II
Arsinoe II
Philadelphos: A Revisionist View", in W.L. Adams and E.N. Borza (eds), Philip II, Alexander the Great and the Macedonian Heritage (Washington, 1982), 197-212 P. McKechnie and P. Guillaume (eds) Ptolemy II
Ptolemy II
Philadelphus and his World. Leiden, 2008. M. Nilsson, The Crown of Arsinoë II: The Creation of an Image of Authority. Oxford, 2012. D. L. Selden, Daniel L. "Alibis". Classical Antiquity 17 (2), October 1998.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arsinoe II.

Coin with her portrait Encyclopædia Britannica Arsinoe II
Arsinoe II
entry in historical sourcebook by Mahlon H. Smith

v t e

Ancient Olympic Games

Sports

Foot races

Diaulos Dolichos Hoplitodromos Stadion

Horse races

Apene Chariot of polos Decapolon Kalpe Keles Perfect chariot Polos Synoris Synoris
Synoris
of polos Tethrippon Tethrippon
Tethrippon
of polos

Combat

Boxing Pankration Wrestling

Special

Herald and Trumpet contest Pentathlon

Winners

Acanthus of Sparta Agasias of Arcadia Agesarchus of Tritaea Alcibiades
Alcibiades
of Athens Alexander I of Macedon Anaxilas
Anaxilas
of Messenia Aratus of Sicyon Archelaus I of Macedon Arrhichion
Arrhichion
of Phigalia Arsinoe II Astylos of Croton Berenice I of Egypt Bilistiche Chaeron of Pellene Chilon of Patras Chionis of Sparta Cimon Coalemos Coroebus of Elis Cylon of Athens Cynisca
Cynisca
of Sparta Damarchus Demaratus
Demaratus
of Sparta Desmon of Corinth Diagoras of Rhodes Diocles of Corinth Ergoteles of Himera Euryleonis Herodorus of Megara Hiero I of Syracuse Hypenus of Elis Hysmon
Hysmon
of Elis Iccus of Taranto Leonidas of Rhodes Leophron Milo of Croton Nero
Nero
Caesar Augustus Oebotas of Dyme Onomastus of Smyrna Orsippus
Orsippus
of Megara Peisistratos
Peisistratos
of Athens Phanas of Pellene Philinus of Cos Philip II of Macedon Philippus of Croton Phrynon
Phrynon
of Athens Polydamas of Skotoussa Pythagoras of Laconia Pythagoras of Samos Sostratus of Pellene Theagenes of Thasos Theron of Acragas Tiberius
Tiberius
Caesar Augustus Timasitheus of Delphi Troilus of Elis Varazdat
Varazdat
of Armenia Xenophon of Aegium Xenophon of Corinth

Lists of winners

Ancient Olympic victors Stadion race Archaic period Classical period Hellenistic period Roman period

Olympia Archaeological Museum of Olympia Statue of Zeus at Olympia Temple of Zeus at Olympia Modern Olympic Games Ancient Greek Olymp

.