1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers
> 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes
(e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Arras (/ˈærəs/; French pronunciation: [aʁɑs]; Dutch:
Atrecht) is the capital (chef-lieu/préfecture) of the Pas-de-Calais
department, which forms part of the region of Hauts-de-France; prior
to the reorganization of 2014 it was located in Nord-Pas-de-Calais.
The historic centre of the
Artois region, with a Baroque town square,
Arras is located in Northern
France at the confluence of the Scarpe
river and the Crinchon River.[unreliable source?]
Arras plain lies on a large chalk plateau bordered on the north by
the Marqueffles fault, on the southwest by the
Artois and Ternois
hills, and on the south by the slopes of Beaufort-Blavincourt. On the
east it is connected to the Scarpe valley.
Established during the
Iron Age by the Gauls, the
Arras was first known as Nemetocenna, which is believed to
have originated from the Celtic word nemeton, meaning 'sacred
Saint Vedast (or St. Vaast) was the first Catholic bishop in the year
499 and attempted to eliminate paganism among the Franks. By 843,
Arras was seat of the County of
Artois which became part of the Royal
domain in 1191.[unreliable source?] The first mention of the name
Arras appeared in the 12th century. Some hypothesize it is a
contraction of Atrebates, a
Belgic tribe of
Gaul and Britain that used
to inhabit the area. The name
Atrebates could have successively
evolved to become Atrades, Atradis, Aras and finally Arras. Others
believe it comes from the Celtic word Ar, meaning 'running water', as
the Scarpe river flows through Arras. Louis XIII reconquered
Arras in 1640; the town officially became part of
France in 1659.
Arras is Pas-de-Calais’ third most populous town after
Boulogne-sur-Mer. The town counted 43,693 residents in 2012, with the
Arras metropolitan area having a population of 124,200.
located 182 kilometers (113 miles) north of
Paris and can be reached
in 2 hours by car and in 50 minutes by TGV. It is the historic center
of the former
Artois province. Its local speech is characterized as a
patois. The city of
Arras is well known for its architecture, culture,
and history. It was once part of the Spanish Netherlands, a portion of
Low Countries controlled by Spain from 1556 to 1714.
Arras attracts thousands of visitors, who explore the city's
architecture and historic buildings. Some famous attractions include
the splendid Town Hall and its Belfry (listed as an
Heritage Site since 15 July 2005), the "Boves" (a maze 10 m
(33 ft) beneath the city), the Squares (La Place des Héros and
La Grand'Place), the Art District (the Theatre of
Arras and the Hôtel
de Guînes), the Abbey District (The Saint-Vaast Abbey and the
Cathedral of Arras), the
Vauban Citadel, and the Nemetacum site (the
ancient town founded by the Romans 2000 years ago). The Canadian
Vimy Memorial is just outside the town.
Unlike many French words, the final s in the name
Arras should be
1.3 Medieval and early modern period
1.3.1 Before the Middle Ages
1.3.2 Early Middle Ages
1.3.3 High Middle Ages
1.3.4 The wool industry and trade
1.3.5 Late Middle Ages
1.4 Modern period
1.4.1 French Revolution
1.4.2 World Wars
188.8.131.52 World War I
184.108.40.206 World War II
1.5 Contemporary period
1.5.1 Recent cooperative agreement
2.1 Localization and area
3 Population and society
4 Sights and attractions
4.1 The squares
4.2 The town hall and its belfry
Cathedral of Arras
4.4 The Boves
4.5 The Art District
4.6 The Abbey District
4.8 Seasonal events
4.10 Outside Arras
5.1 Railway station
5.1.2 TER Nord-
6 Personalities of Arras
7 International relations
7.1 Twin towns – Sister cities
8 See also
10 External links
Archaeologists found evidence of prehistoric human settlements in the
Scarpe basin. The archaeological sites of Mont-Saint-Vaast in Arras
Stone Age settlements of the Mousterian
culture. They were evidenced by the finds of stone tools. These tools
show signs of the Levallois technique, a name given by archaeologists
to a distinctive type of stone knapping, developed by forerunners to
modern humans during the
Paleolithic period 170,000 years ago.
Very little was found to document the
Bronze Age and Early
Iron Age in
Arras was founded on the boat of Baudimont by the
Belgic tribe of the
Atrebates, who named it Nemetocenna in reference to a nemeton that
probably existed there. It was later renamed Nemetacum/Atrebatum by
the Romans, under whom it became an important garrison town.
In the Scarpe valley archaeologists' excavations and data recovery
Iron Age settlements. These buildings, believed to be
farms, were found near the municipalities of Arras, Hamblain-les-Prés
Medieval and early modern period
Before the Middle Ages
The ordination of Saint Vaast
In the 4th century, Nemetecacum was renowned for its arts and crafts
as well as textiles trade throughout the whole empire. Between 406 and
407, the city was taken and destroyed by Germanic invaders. In 428,
Salian Franks led by
Clodion le Chevelu
Clodion le Chevelu took control of the region
including the current Somme department. Roman General Aetius then
chose to negotiate for peace and concluded a treaty (fœdus) with
Clodion that gave the
Franks the status of «foederati» fighting for
The town's people were converted to Christianity in the late 4th
century by Saint Innocent, who was killed in 410 during a barbarian
attack on the town. In 499, after the conversion of
Clovis I to
Catholicism, a diocese (évêché in French) was created in Arras, the
Diocese of Arras, and given to Saint Vaast (also known
Saint Vedast in English), who remains the diocesan patron saint.
Saint Vaast then established an episcopal see and a monastic
community. It was suppressed in 580 to found the Roman Catholic
Diocese of Cambrai, from which it would reemerge five centuries later.
Early Middle Ages
In 667 Saint Aubert, bishop of Cambrai, decided to found the Abbey of
Saint Vaast, which developed during the
Carolingian period into an
Benedictine abbey. The modern town of Arras
initially spread around the abbey as a grain market. During the 9th
century, both town and abbey suffered from the attacks of the Vikings,
who later settled to the west in Normandy. The abbey revived its
strength in the 11th century and played an important role in the
development of medieval painting, successfully synthesizing the
artistic styles of Carolingian,
Ottonian and English art.
High Middle Ages
"Li congié" by Jean Bodel, a trouvère that lived in
Arras in the
Arras: tapestry representing God's conversation with Noah
In 1025, a Catholic council was held at
Arras against certain
Manichaean (dualistic) heretics who rejected the sacraments of the
Church. In 1093, the bishopric of
Arras was refounded on territory
split from the
Diocese of Cambrai. In 1097 two councils, presided over
by Lambert d'Arras, dealt with questions concerning monasteries and
persons consecrated to God. In this time,
Arras became an important
cultural center, especially for the group of poets who came to be
known as trouvères. One particular society of such poets was later
called the Puy d'Arras.
The wool industry and trade
The town was granted a commercial charter by the French crown in 1180
and became an internationally important location for banking and
trade. The wool industry of Arras, established in the 4th century,
became of great importance during the Middle Ages. Already in the
third century Romans had lauded about the quality of wool from Tournai
and Arras. By the eleventh century
Arras was the leading city and
trading hub of the wool industry. This prominence would eventually
shift towards areas north of Arras, and cities such as Lille, Douai
and Saint-Omer, followed by
Ypres and eventually
Bruges would become
the centres of the wool industry and trade. However, by the 14th
Arras still was renowned and drew considerable wealth from the
cloth and wool industry, and was particularly well known for its
production of fine tapestries—so much so that in English and Italian
Arras (Arazzi in Italian) was adopted to refer to tapestries
in general. The patronage of wealthy cloth merchants ensured that
the town became an important cultural center, with major figures such
as the poet
Jean Bodel and the trouvère
Adam de la Halle
Adam de la Halle making their
homes in Arras.
Late Middle Ages
The ownership of the town was repeatedly disputed along with the rest
of Artois. During the Middle Ages, possession of
Arras passed to a
variety of feudal rulers and fiefs, including the County of Flanders,
the Duchy of Burgundy, the Spanish branch of the
House of Habsburg
House of Habsburg and
the French crown. In 1430,
Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc (Jeanne d'Arc in French), was
imprisoned in the region of Arras. The town was the site of the
Congress of Arras in 1435, an unsuccessful attempt to end the Hundred
Years' War that resulted in the Burgundians breaking their alliance
with the English. After the death of Duke
Charles the Bold
Charles the Bold of Burgundy
in 1477, King Louis XI of
France took control of
Arras but the town's
inhabitants, still loyal to the Burgundians, expelled the French. This
prompted Louis XI to besiege
Arras in person and, after taking it by
assault, he had the town's walls razed and its inhabitants expelled,
to be replaced by more loyal subjects from other parts of France. In a
bid to erase the town's identity completely, Louis renamed it
temporarily to Franchise. In 1482, the Peace of
Arras was signed in
the town to end a war between Louis XI and Maximilian I of Austria;
ten years later, the town was ceded to Maximilian. It was eventually
bequeathed to the Spanish Habsburgs as part of the Spanish
Main article: French Renaissance
Arras remained under
Habsburg rule from 1493 until 1640 when it was
captured by the French. The Spanish ceded it by the peace treaty in
1659 and it has since remained French. The
Union of Arras was signed
here in January 1579 by the Catholic principalities of the Low
Countries that remained loyal to King Philip II of Habsburg; it
provoked the declaration of the
Union of Utrecht
Union of Utrecht later the same month.
Main article: French Revolution
Arras-born lawyer and politician Maximilien de Robespierre
Maximilien de Robespierre, a French lawyer and politician from Arras
and one of the best-known and most influential figures of the French
Revolution, was elected fifth deputy of the third estate of
the Estates-General in 1789. Robespierre also helped draft to
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.
During the French Revolution, the city of
Arras was first presided
over by French reformer Dubois de Fosseux, erudite squire, secretary
Arras district (arrondissement in French) and future president
Pas-de-Calais department. Around the same time, competing
Calais and Saint-Omer,
Arras won the
prefecture of Pas-de-Calais. From September 1793 to July 1794, during
the Reign of Terror, the city was under the supervision of Joseph
Lebon who implemented food restrictions, ordered 400 executions and
destroyed several religious monuments including the
and the Abbey of St. Vaast. Arras' demography and economic activity
remained the same throughout the
French Revolution while Lille's grew
exponentially. In 1898, under the influence of Mayor Émile Legrelle,
some of Arras' ramparts were demolished to build vast boulevards,
establish a new sewage system and replace the old railway station from
World War I
Hôtel de Ville,
Arras on 26 May 1917
Arras in February 1919
During most of the First World War,
Arras was about 10 kilometers (6.2
miles) away from the front line, and a series of battles were fought
around the city and nearby, including the Battle of
Arras (1914), the
Battle of Arras (1917)
Battle of Arras (1917) and the Second Battle of the Somme component of
1918's Hundred Days Offensive.
On 31 August 1914, German light cavalry (Uhlans) arrived in
Tilloy-lès-Mofflaines, and an army patrol made a foray into Arras. On
6 September 1914, 3,000 soldiers led by General Hans-Jürgen von Arnim
barracked within the city and in the
Arras citadel. Shortly after,
Louis Ernest de Maud'huy's soldiers partly repelled the German army
troops, and trenches were dug in the Faubourgs d'Arras. On 7 October
Arras city hall burned. On 21 October 1914, the belfry was
destroyed, and so was the
Arras Cathedral on 6 July 1915.
In 1917, a series of medieval tunnels beneath the city, linked and
greatly expanded by the New Zealand Tunnelling Company, became a
decisive factor in the British forces holding the city particularly
during that year's Battle of Arras.
The nearby Canadian National
By the end of World War I, the city was so heavily damaged that three
quarters had to be rebuilt. The reconstruction was extremely costly,
yet it proved to be a success and allowed the city to expand.
The town is located approximately 11 km (6.8 mi) south of
Canadian National Vimy Memorial
Canadian National Vimy Memorial built in 1936 on Hill 145, the
highest point of the
Vimy Ridge escarpment. It is dedicated to
Battle of Vimy Ridge
Battle of Vimy Ridge assault (part of the 1917 Battle of Arras)
and the missing
First World War
First World War Canadian soldiers with no known grave;
it is also the site of two WWI Canadian cemeteries.
On 9 April 2017, the 100th anniversary of the Battle of
Arras Mayor Frédéric Leturque thanked Canadians, as well as
Australians and British, New Zealanders and South Africans, for their
role in the
First World War
First World War battles in the area.
World War II
In the early stages of the second World War, during the invasion of
France in May 1940, the city was the focus of a major British
Arras saw an Allied counterattack against the flank of
the German army. The German forces were pushing north towards the
channel coast, in order to entrap the Allied Forces that were
advancing east into Belgium. The counterattack at
Arras was an Allied
attempt to cut through the German spearhead and frustrate the German
advance. Although the Allies initially made gains, they were repulsed
by German forces and forced to withdraw to avoid encirclement. Arras
was then occupied by the Germans and 240 suspected French Resistance
members were executed in the
Arras citadel. On 3 September 1944, the
city was entered and liberated by the British Guards Armoured
Recent cooperative agreement
In September 1993,
Ipswich (United Kingdom) and
Arras became twin
towns, and a square in the new
Ipswich Buttermarket development was
Arras Square to mark the relationship.
Arras in the Pas-de-Calais
"La Scarpe" by Arras-born painter Charles Desavary
Arras in the summer
Localization and area
Arras is located in northern
France in the Hauts-de-
France is divided in 2 departments: Nord and Pas-de-Calais.
Arras is in the south-east part of the
Pas-de-Calais department and
Arras district (arrondissement d'
Arras in French) in the
Artois, a former province of northern France.
By car, it is 182 kilometers (113 miles) north of Paris, 110
kilometers (68 miles) east of the English Channel, 152 kilometers (94
miles) south of Brussels, and 335 kilometers (208 miles) south of
The city's total area is 11.63 km2 (4 sq mi). The
lowest point in the city is at 52 meters (171 feet) above sea level
and the highest is at 99 meters (325 feet).
The soil of
Arras is primarily composed of chalk, a soft, white,
porous sedimentary rock that formed what is called the European
stratigraphic unit. That
Chalk Group deposited during the Late
Cretaceous period 90 million years ago. It used to be extracted
to construct the most prestigious buildings and houses of Arras. As a
result, residents once nicknamed the city La ville blanche (the White
Arras area soil is also composed of clay, which was used to
produce bricks, build less noble buildings, and embellish façades.
Clay is mostly found in the lieu-dit of La Terre Potier in the western
part of the city.
The level of earthquake hazard in the
Arras area is low, as it is in
Two rivers flow through Arras: the Scarpe and the Crinchon, both left
tributary of the 350-kilometer-long European river called the Scheldt
(L'Escaut in French). The Crinchon is a rather small river of 19
kilometers (12 miles) flowing through
Arras underground while the
Scarpe is 102 kilometers (63 miles) long, of which two thirds has been
turned into canals.
The source of the Scarpe is at
Berles-Monchel near Aubigny-en-Artois.
It flows through the cities Arras,
Douai and Saint-Amand-les-Eaux. The
river ends at
Mortagne-du-Nord where it flows into the Scheldt.
Arras mainly experiences a Western European oceanic climate (Köppen
climate classification: Cfb) affected by the North Atlantic Current
due to its proximity of the
English Channel (La
Manche in French). The
city's climate is characterized by frequent rains in all seasons, and
temperatures throughout the year are mild because of the proximity of
the sea. The thermal amplitude is generally low. However, the city can
sometimes endure brief cold temperatures as it is at the crossroads
between oceanic and continental influences. Therefore, the region's
climate can also be referred as semi-oceanic (known as a Climat
océanique dégradé in French).
Summer days are usually moderately warm and agreeable with average
temperatures hovering between 13 and 23 °C (55 and 73 °F),
and a fair amount of sunshine. Yet the temperature occasionally rises
above 30 °C (86 °F). Some years have even witnessed some
unusual long periods of harsh summer weather, such as the heat wave of
2003 where temperatures exceeded 30 °C (86 °F) for weeks,
reaching 38 °C (100 °F) on some days and rarely even
cooling down at night. Spring and Fall have rather warm days and fresh
nights, but remain quite unstable. Winter days are cold but generally
above freezing with temperatures around 2 °C (36 °F);
sunshine is usually scarce. Light night frosts are common as the
temperature often fall below 0 °C (32 °F). Snowfall has
been rare in the past decade but happens depending on the year, such
as in the Winter of 2009–10, which led to atypical cold weather, and
caused many parts of Europe to experience heavy snowfall and
record-low temperatures. The most recent warmest winters recorded were
in 1989–90, 1994–95, 2006–07 and 2013–14. The
(and most Northern Europe) had remarkably warm and sunny weather in
the winter of 2013–14.
Rain falls throughout the year. Average annual precipitation is 61.88
millimetres (2.436 in) with light rainfall fairly distributed
throughout the year. The highest recorded temperature is 36.6 °C
(97.9 °F), and the lowest is a −19.5 °C
On 28 October 2013, Cyclone Christian (also known as the St. Jude
storm), one of the strongest extra-tropical cyclones ever recorded,
hit Northern Europe including the
Arras area. The cyclone's central
pressure was 981 mb, and wind speeds reached a maximum of
121 km/h (75 mph). The city of
Arras did not experience
any major damage though.
Climate data for
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Population and society
Arras' demography in the
As of 2012[update], the population of
Arras is 43,693 for a density of
3,756.92 people per square kilometre (9,880.69 per square mile). The
residents go by the name of Arrageois (male) and Arrageoise (female).
The population is rather young as the highest number of residents is
15-29 of age. The most recent male to female ratio is 100:113, and the
female to male ratio is 100:89. There are 20,198 males (47%) for
22,474 females (53%). The
Arras metropolitan area has a population of
Arras's Basilique-Cathédrale Notre-Dame et Saint-Vaast is the
cathedral, a minor basilica, episcopal see of the Roman Catholic
Diocese of Arras.
Arras is part of the académie de
Lille (Lille's School District).
There are 11 écoles maternelles (nursery schools), 11 écoles
primaires (elementary schools), 8 collèges (junior high schools) and
7 lycées (high schools) within the city.
Sights and attractions
The Belfry of Arras
View from the Belfry over the market Place des Héros
The city centre is marked by two large squares, La Grand' Place and La
Place des Héros, also called La Petite Place. The two squares are
surrounded by a unique architectural ensemble of 155
Flemish-Baroque-style townhouses. These were built in the 17th and
18th century and were initially made of wood. In 1918, after the end
of World War I, most of the townhouses were so severely damaged that
they had to be restored to their pre-war conditions. They are now made
The town hall and its belfry
The Gothic town hall and its belfry were constructed between 1463 and
1554 and had to be rebuilt in a slightly less grandiose style after
World War I. The belfry is 75 meters (246 feet) high and used to serve
as a watchtower. Nowadays tourists can enjoy ascending the belfry.
Cathedral of Arras
The original cathedral was constructed between 1030 and 1396 and was
one of the most beautiful Gothic structures in Northern France. It was
destroyed during the
French Revolution and rebuilt in the 19th
century. The present catedral Basilique-Cathédrale Notre-Dame et
Saint-Vaast is a minor basilica.
The Boves, a well-preserved underground network of tunnels, 10 metres
(33 feet) beneath the city, was built in the 10th century and can now
be visited by tourists. The idea was to set up a vast underground
network to make all inhabitants' cellars interconnect by means of
tunnels. Excavation material (chalk) was not wasted but rather used to
construct houses. During World War I and World War II, the Boves was
utilized as an underground bunker to hide and protect residents and
valued objects from falling bombs.
The Art District
The Art District is renowned for its Italian-style theatre hall built
in 1785 and the Hôtel de Guînes, a private 18th-century townhouse
that attracts artists, designers and producers of intimist shows.
The Abbey District
Many of Arras's most remarkable structures, including the Musée des
Arras and several government buildings, occupy the site
of the old Abbey of St. Vaast. The abbey's church was demolished and
rebuilt in fashionable classical style in 1833, and now serves as the
town's cathedral. The design was chosen by the one-time Abbot of St
Vaast, the Cardinal de Rohan, and is stark in its simplicity,
employing a vast number of perpendicular angles. There is a fine
collection of statuary within the church and it houses a number of
Vauban between 1667 and 1672, the
Citadel has been nicknamed
La belle inutile (the beautiful useless one) by residents as it has
never been directly involved in heavy fighting and didn't prevent the
Germans from occupying the city in either World War. Since 7 July 2008
it has been part of the
UNESCO World Heritage Sites Fortifications of
Vauban which includes eleven other fortifications. Within the
citadel on the side of La Place de Manœuvre a small Baroque-style
chapel was built. Outside, Le Mur des Fusillés (the wall of the
people executed by a firing squad) pays tribute to the 218 members of
French Resistance shot in the citadel's ditch during World War II.
Arras holds the biggest Christmas market north of
Paris every year from the end of November to the end of December.
Around 80 exhibitors offer a wide selection of arts and crafts, as
well as local delicacies like chocolate rats, Atrébate beer and
Arras – heart-shaped biscuits which come in two flavours,
ginger and cheese. Entertainment includes cooking lessons with chefs,
craft demonstrations, a merry-go-round, a ferris wheel, an ice-skating
rink and heated shelters. It also offers native products from
International locations such as Canada, Vietnam, Morocco, Indonesia,
Africa and gourmet regional specialities from different parts of
France: Auvergne, Savoie, South-Western
Main Square Festival
Main Square Festival is held for several days in early July within
Vauban Citadel, attracting tens of thousands of attendees and
playing host to major acts such as The Chemical Brothers, Coldplay,
David Guetta and The Black Eyed Peas.
Arras Film Festival is a popular film festival held for ten days
Le jardin botanique Floralpina is a private botanical garden,
specializing in alpine plants. It opens every year on the last Sunday
of May and can be visited by appointment.
Two buildings in
Arras are listed as
UNESCO World Heritage Sites:
The Belfry of the Town Hall, as part of the Belfries of
France group, since 2005
Vauban citadel, as part of the Fortifications of
Vimy Memorial is a memorial just north of the town honouring a
major World War I battle, the Battle of
Vimy Ridge, which marked the
first time Canada fielded an entire army of her own. Four Canadian
divisions fought there on Easter weekend 1917. The Battle of Vimy
Ridge was part of the broader Allied offensive in April known as the
Battle of Arras. The
Canadian National Vimy Memorial
Canadian National Vimy Memorial is nearby. Vimy
was the only victory the Allies would enjoy during their 1917 spring
offensive. The Basilica of
Notre Dame de Lorette
Notre Dame de Lorette cemetery, overlooking
the nearby village of Ablain-Saint-Nazaire, likewise stands before one
of France's largest World War I necropolises. Part of an extensive
network of tunnels dug in World War I by
British Empire soldiers can
be visited at the
Carrière Wellington museum in the suburbs.
La Gare d'Arras
Gare d'Arras before 1907
Gare d'Arras railway station is served by a purpose-built branch
LGV Nord high speed railway, with regular
TGV services to Paris
(45 minutes). There are also regular trains to Lille, Amiens,
Dunkerque and several regional destinations.
Saint-Omer / Dunkerque–Lens–Arras–Paris-Nord
Ligne 2 : Lille–Douai–Arras–Amiens–Rouen
Ligne 6 : Arras–Hazebrouck–Dunkerque
Ligne 7 : Arras–Hazebrouck–Calais
Ligne 14 :
Autoroute A1 (A1 highway) is a tollway that connects
Arras with Lille
and Paris. As part of the European 'inter-country' route E15, it also
Arras with the
United Kingdom and Spain as well as the
northern and southern parts of France. Autoroute A26 (A26 highway)
Calais and Reims.
Autoroute A1 connecting
Paris and Lille
Autoroute A26 connecting
Calais and Reims
The European route E 15 connecting
Arras with the
United Kingdom and
Spain as well as the northern and southern parts of France
Personalities of Arras
Arras was one of the centers of trouvère poetry, and trouvères from
Adam de la Halle
Adam de la Halle (c.1240–88)
Andrieu Contredit d'Arras († c.1248)
Audefroi le Bastart (fl. c1200–1230)
Guillaume le Vinier (fl. c1220–45; died 1245)
Jaques le Vinier
Jehan Bretel (c1200–1272)
Jehan le Cuvelier d'Arras (fl. c1240–70)
Jehan Erart († c1259)
Mahieu de Gant
Moniot d'Arras (fl c1250–75)
Robert de Castel
Robert de la Piere
Arras was the birthplace of:
Matthias of Arras
Matthias of Arras (c. 1290–1352), architect
Antoine de Févin (c. 1470 – 1511 or 1512), composer
Charles de l'Écluse
Charles de l'Écluse (1526–1609), doctor and pioneering botanist
Philippe Rogier (c. 1561 – 1596), composer
Maximilien de Robespierre
Maximilien de Robespierre (1758–1794), French revolutionary leader
Joseph Le Bon
Joseph Le Bon (1765–1795), politician
Eugène François Vidocq
Eugène François Vidocq (1775–1857), one of the first modern
Lucien Gaudin (1886–1934), fencing champion
Gabriel Hanot (1889–1968), journalist
Violette Leduc (1907–1972), author
Jean-Christophe Novelli (born 1961), chef and restaurateur
Philippe Hermann (born 1962), winner of the 2000 edition of the Prix
des Deux Magots
Benoît Assou-Ekotto (born 1984), footballer
Arras (born 1998), footballer
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France
Twin towns – Sister cities
Arras is twinned with:
Chemnitz, Saxony, Germany
Ipswich, United Kingdom
Battles of Arras, for a list of battles named after the city.
Abbey of St. Vaast
Lion and Sun#Other (non-Iranian) variants
Marcel Gaumont Sculpture in cathedral
INSEE commune file
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the
public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Arras". Catholic
Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.
^ a b c http://www.eupedia.com/france/arras.shtml
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^ "ARRAS Historique". nordmag.com. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
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Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Arras.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arras.
Official website (in French)
Information and pictures about
Arras (in French)
Demographic statistics of Arras
Fortifications of Arras
"In and around Arras" pages 45–47 Discover Pas-de-Calais
Inside the amazing cave city that housed 25,000 Allied troops under
German noses in WWI
Arras after WW1: old and new ideas" on the website
"Remembrance Trails of the Great War in Northern France"
Arras War Memorial/Sculptor Felix-Alexandre Desruelles
Prefectures of departments of France
La Rochelle (Charente-Maritime)
Le Puy-en-Velay (Haute-Loire)
Le Mans (Sarthe)
La Roche-sur-Yon (Vendée)
Belfort (Territoire de Belfort)
Cayenne (French Guiana)
Communes of the
Vauban part of the
UNESCO World Heritage Sites
Citadel of Besançon