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The Info List - Arnold Schwarzenegger





Bodybuilding
Bodybuilding
and business career

Chair of the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports (1990–1993) Arnold Sports Festival Arnold Strongman Classic Planet Hollywood Mr. Olympia

Film career Awards and nominations Terminator (character)
Terminator (character)
("Hasta la vista, baby" • "I'll be back") See Arnold Run

Governorship Governor of California
Governor of California
(2003–2011)

California
California
recall election, 2003 "Girlie men" Richardson v Schwarzenegger Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 California
California
gubernatorial election, 2006

v t e

Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (/ˈʃvɑːrtsənɛɡər/;[1][a] German: [ˈaɐ̯nɔlt ˈʃvaɐ̯tsn̩ˌʔɛɡɐ]; born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American actor, producer, businessman, investor, author, philanthropist, activist, politician, and former professional bodybuilder. He served two terms as the 38th Governor of California from 2003 to 2011. Schwarzenegger began weight training at the age of 15. He won the Mr. Universe title at age 20 and went on to win the Mr. Olympia
Mr. Olympia
contest seven times, remaining a prominent presence in bodybuilding and writing many books and articles on the sport. The Arnold Sports Festival, considered one of the best professional bodybuilding competitions in recent years, is named after him. He is widely considered to be one of the greatest bodybuilders of all time as well as that sport's most charismatic ambassador.[2] Schwarzenegger gained worldwide fame as a Hollywood action-film icon. His breakthrough film was the sword-and-sorcery epic Conan the Barbarian in 1982, a box-office hit that resulted in a sequel.[3] In 1984, he appeared in the title role of James Cameron's critically and commercially successful science-fiction thriller film The Terminator. He subsequently reprised the Terminator character in the franchise's later installments: Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991), Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines (2003), and Terminator Genisys
Terminator Genisys
(2015).[3][4][5] He has appeared in a number of successful films, such as Commando (1985), The Running Man (1987), Predator (1987), Twins (1988), Total Recall (1990), Kindergarten Cop
Kindergarten Cop
(1990), and True Lies
True Lies
(1994). As a Republican, Schwarzenegger was first elected on October 7, 2003, in a special recall election to replace then-Governor Gray Davis. He was sworn in on November 17, to serve the remainder of Davis' term. He was then re-elected in the 2006 California
California
gubernatorial election, to serve a full term as governor.[6] In 2011, he completed his second term as governor and returned to acting. Schwarzenegger was nicknamed "the Austrian Oak" in his bodybuilding days, "Arnie" during his acting career, and "The Governator" (a portmanteau of "Governor" and "Terminator") during his political career.

Contents

1 Early life

1.1 Childhood 1.2 Early adulthood 1.3 Move to the U.S.

2 Bodybuilding
Bodybuilding
career

2.1 Powerlifting/weightlifting

2.1.1 Personal records

2.2 Mr. Olympia 2.3 Steroid use 2.4 List of competitions 2.5 Competitive stats

3 Acting career

3.1 Early roles 3.2 Action superstar 3.3 Retirement 3.4 Return to acting 3.5 The Celebrity Apprentice 3.6 Filmography

4 Political career

4.1 Early politics 4.2 Governor of California

4.2.1 Death of Louis Santos

4.3 Allegations of sexual misconduct 4.4 Citizenship 4.5 Environmental record 4.6 Electoral history 4.7 Presidential ambitions

5 Business career

5.1 Bricklaying business 5.2 Investments 5.3 Restaurant 5.4 Wealth 5.5 Commercial advertisements

6 Personal life

6.1 Early relationships 6.2 Marriage and family 6.3 Marital separation 6.4 Accidents and injuries 6.5 Height 6.6 Autobiography 6.7 Vehicles

7 Public life

7.1 Schwarzenegger Institute for State and Global Policy 7.2 Global warming 7.3 2016 Presidential election

8 Awards and honors 9 Books 10 See also 11 Notes 12 References 13 Further reading 14 External links

Early life Childhood

Schwarzenegger's birthplace in Thal, Styria

Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger was born on July 30, 1947 in Thal, Styria,[7] to Aurelia (née Jadrny) and Gustav Schwarzenegger. Gustav was the local chief of police and had served in World War II
World War II
as a Hauptfeldwebel
Hauptfeldwebel
after voluntarily joining the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
in 1938,[8] though he was discharged in 1943 following a bout of malaria. He married Aurelia on October 20, 1945; he was 38 and she was 23. According to Schwarzenegger, both of his parents were very strict: "Back then in Austria
Austria
it was a very different world ... if we did something bad or we disobeyed our parents, the rod was not spared."[9] He grew up in a Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
family who attended Mass every Sunday.[10][11] Gustav had a preference for his elder son, Meinhard, over Schwarzenegger.[12] His favoritism was "strong and blatant," which stemmed from unfounded suspicion that Schwarzenegger was not his biological child.[13] Schwarzenegger has said his father had "no patience for listening or understanding your problems."[10] He had a good relationship with his mother and kept in touch with her until her death.[14] In later life, Schwarzenegger commissioned the Simon Wiesenthal Center to research his father's wartime record, which came up with no evidence of Gustav being involved in atrocities, despite his membership in the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
and SA.[12] Gustav's background received wide press attention during the 2003 California
California
recall campaign.[15] At school, Schwarzenegger was reportedly academically average, but stood out for his "cheerful, good-humored, and exuberant" character.[10] Money was a problem in their household; Schwarzenegger recalled that one of the highlights of his youth was when the family bought a refrigerator.[13] As a boy, Schwarzenegger played several sports, heavily influenced by his father.[10] He picked up his first barbell in 1960, when his soccer coach took his team to a local gym.[7] At the age of 14, he chose bodybuilding over soccer as a career.[3][4] He later said, "I actually started weight training when I was 15, but I'd been participating in sports, like soccer, for years, so I felt that although I was slim, I was well-developed, at least enough so that I could start going to the gym and start Olympic lifting."[9] However, his official website biography claims that "at 14, he started an intensive training program with Dan Farmer, studied psychology at 15 (to learn more about the power of mind over body) and at 17, officially started his competitive career."[16] During a speech in 2001, he said, "My own plan formed when I was 14 years old. My father had wanted me to be a police officer like he was. My mother wanted me to go to trade school."[17] Schwarzenegger took to visiting a gym in Graz, where he also frequented the local movie theaters to see bodybuilding idols such as Reg Park, Steve Reeves, and Johnny Weissmuller
Johnny Weissmuller
on the big screen.[9] When Reeves died in 2000, Schwarzenegger fondly remembered him: "As a teenager, I grew up with Steve Reeves. His remarkable accomplishments allowed me a sense of what was possible when others around me didn't always understand my dreams. Steve Reeves
Steve Reeves
has been part of everything I've ever been fortunate enough to achieve." In 1961, Schwarzenegger met former Mr. Austria
Austria
Kurt Marnul, who invited him to train at the gym in Graz.[7] He was so dedicated as a youngster that he broke into the local gym on weekends, so that he could train even when it was closed. "It would make me sick to miss a workout... I knew I couldn't look at myself in the mirror the next morning if I didn't do it."[9] When Schwarzenegger was asked about his first movie experience as a boy, he replied: "I was very young, but I remember my father taking me to the Austrian theaters and seeing some newsreels. The first real movie I saw, that I distinctly remember, was a John Wayne
John Wayne
movie."[9] Schwarzenegger's brother, Meinhard, died in a car crash on May 20, 1971.[7] He was driving drunk and died instantly. Schwarzenegger did not attend his funeral.[13] Meinhard was engaged to Erika Knapp, and they had a three-year-old son named Patrick. Schwarzenegger paid for Patrick's education and helped him to move to the U.S.[13] Gustav died on December 13, 1972, from a stroke.[7] In Pumping Iron, Schwarzenegger claimed that he did not attend his father's funeral because he was training for a bodybuilding contest. Later, he and the film's producer said this story was taken from another bodybuilder to show the extremes some would go to for their sport and to make Schwarzenegger's image colder to create controversy for the film.[18] Barbara Baker, his first serious girlfriend, recalled that he informed her of his father's death without emotion and that he never spoke of his brother.[19] Over time, he has given at least three versions of why he was absent from his father's funeral.[13] In an interview with Fortune in 2004, Schwarzenegger told how he suffered what "would now be called child abuse" at the hands of his father: "My hair was pulled. I was hit with belts. So was the kid next door. It was just the way it was. Many of the children I've seen were broken by their parents, which was the German-Austrian mentality. They didn't want to create an individual. It was all about conforming. I was one who did not conform, and whose will could not be broken. Therefore, I became a rebel. Every time I got hit, and every time someone said, 'You can't do this,' I said, 'This is not going to be for much longer because I'm going to move out of here. I want to be rich. I want to be somebody.'"[8] Early adulthood Schwarzenegger served in the Austrian Army in 1965 to fulfill the one year of service required at the time of all 18-year-old Austrian males.[7][16] During his army service, he won the Junior Mr. Europe contest.[4] He went AWOL
AWOL
during basic training so he could take part in the competition and spent a week in military prison: "Participating in the competition meant so much to me that I didn't carefully think through the consequences." He won another bodybuilding contest in Graz, at Steirerhof Hotel (where he placed second). He was voted best-built man of Europe, which made him famous. "The Mr. Universe title was my ticket to America—the land of opportunity, where I could become a star and get rich."[17] Schwarzenegger made his first plane trip in 1966, attending the NABBA Mr. Universe competition in London.[16] He would come in second in the Mr. Universe competition, not having the muscle definition of American winner Chester Yorton.[16] Charles "Wag" Bennett, one of the judges at the 1966 competition, was impressed with Schwarzenegger and he offered to coach him. As Schwarzenegger had little money, Bennett invited him to stay in his crowded family home above one of his two gyms in Forest Gate, London. Yorton's leg definition had been judged superior, and Schwarzenegger, under a training program devised by Bennett, concentrated on improving the muscle definition and power in his legs. Staying in the East End of London helped Schwarzenegger improve his rudimentary grasp of the English language.[20][21] Living with the Bennetts also changed him as a person: "Being with them made me so much more sophisticated. When you're the age I was then, you're always looking for approval, for love, for attention and also for guidance. At the time, I wasn't really aware of that. But now, looking back, I see that the Bennett family fulfilled all those needs. Especially my need to be the best in the world. To be recognized and to feel unique and special. They saw that I needed that care and attention and love.”[22] Also in 1966, while at Bennett's home, Schwarzenegger had the opportunity to meet childhood idol Reg Park, who became his friend and mentor.[22][23] The training paid off and, in 1967, Schwarzenegger won the title for the first time, becoming the youngest ever Mr. Universe at the age of 20.[16] He would go on to win the title a further three times.[4] Schwarzenegger then flew back to Munich, where he attended a business school and worked in a health club (Rolf Putziger's gym, where he worked and trained from 1966 to 1968), returning in 1968 to London to win his next Mr. Universe title.[16] He frequently told Roger C. Field, his English coach and friend in Munich
Munich
at that time, "I'm going to become the greatest actor!"[24] Move to the U.S.

Schwarzenegger with President Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
in 1984

Schwarzenegger, who dreamed of moving to the U.S. since the age of 10, and saw bodybuilding as the avenue through which to do so,[25] realized his dream by moving to the United States in September 1968 at the age of 21, speaking little English.[4][7] There he trained at Gold's Gym
Gold's Gym
in Venice, Los Angeles, California, under Joe Weider. From 1970 to 1974, one of Schwarzenegger's weight training partners was Ric Drasin, a professional wrestler who designed the original Gold's Gym logo in 1973.[26] Schwarzenegger also became good friends with professional wrestler Superstar Billy Graham. In 1970, at age 23, he captured his first Mr. Olympia
Mr. Olympia
title in New York, and would go on to win the title a total of seven times.[16] The immigration law firm Siskind & Susser has stated that Schwarzenegger may have been an illegal immigrant at some point in the late 1960s or early 1970s because of violations in the terms of his visa.[27] LA Weekly
LA Weekly
would later say in 2002 that Schwarzenegger is the most famous immigrant in America, who "overcame a thick Austrian accent and transcended the unlikely background of bodybuilding to become the biggest movie star in the world in the 1990s".[25] In 1977, Schwarzenegger's autobiography/weight-training guide Arnold: The Education of a Bodybuilder became a huge success.[7] In 1977 he posed for the gay magazine After Dark.[28][29] After taking English classes at Santa Monica College
Santa Monica College
in California, he earned a bachelor's degree by correspondence from the University of Wisconsin–Superior, in international marketing of fitness and business administration in 1979. He got his American citizenship in 1983.[30] He tells that during this time he encountered a friend who told him he was teaching Transcendental Meditation
Transcendental Meditation
(TM), which prompted Schwarzenegger to reveal he had been struggling with anxiety, for the first time in his life: "Even today, I still benefit from [the year of TM] because I don't merge and bring things together and see everything as one big problem."[31] Bodybuilding
Bodybuilding
career

Arnold Schwarzenegger

— Bodybuilder —

As entrant to the 1974 Mr. Olympia
Mr. Olympia
competition at Madison Square Garden

Personal info

Nickname The Austrian Oak

Height 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)[16]

Weight

235 lb (107 kg) (contest) 260 lb (118 kg) (off-season)

Professional career

Pro-debut NABBA Mr. Universe, 1968

Best win IFBB Mr. Olympia, 1970–1975, 1980, Seven Times

Predecessor Sergio Oliva
Sergio Oliva
('69), Frank Zane
Frank Zane
('79)

Successor Franco Columbu ('76, '81)

Active Retired 1980

Competition record

Men's bodybuilding

Representing  Austria

Mr Universe (amateur)

1st 1967

Mr Universe (pro)

1st 1968

1st 1969

1st 1970

Mr. Olympia

2nd 1969

1st 1970

1st 1971

1st 1972

1st 1973

1st 1974

1st 1975

1st 1980

Powerlifting[32]

Representing  Austria

International Powerlifting
Powerlifting
Championships

1st 1966 +80 kg

German Powerlifting
Powerlifting
Championships

2nd 1967 +80 kg

1st 1968 +80 kg

Graz-Paradise Keller Powerlifting
Powerlifting
Championships

2nd 1967 +80 kg

Men's Weightlifting[32]

Representing  Austria

Styrian Junior Weightlifting Championships

1st 1964

German Austrian Weightlifting Championships

1st 1965

Schwarzenegger is considered among the most important figures in the history of bodybuilding, and his legacy is commemorated in the Arnold Classic annual bodybuilding competition. He has remained a prominent face in bodybuilding long after his retirement, in part because of his ownership of gyms and fitness magazines. He has presided over numerous contests and awards shows. For many years, he wrote a monthly column for the bodybuilding magazines Muscle & Fitness and Flex. Shortly after being elected governor, he was appointed the executive editor of both magazines, in a largely symbolic capacity. The magazines agreed to donate $250,000 a year to the Governor's various physical fitness initiatives. When the deal, including the contract that gave Schwarzenegger at least $1 million a year, was made public in 2005, many criticized it as being a conflict of interest since the governor's office made decisions concerning regulation of dietary supplements in California.[33] Consequently, Schwarzenegger relinquished the executive editor role in 2005.[33] American Media Inc., which owns Muscle & Fitness and Flex, announced in March 2013 that Schwarzenegger had accepted their renewed offer to be executive editor of the magazines.[33] One of the first competitions he won was the Junior Mr. Europe contest in 1965.[7] He won Mr. Europe the following year, at age 19.[7][16] He would go on to compete in, and win, many bodybuilding contests. His bodybuilding victories included five Mr. Universe (4 – NABBA [England], 1 – IFBB [USA]) wins, and seven Mr. Olympia
Mr. Olympia
wins, a record which would stand until Lee Haney
Lee Haney
won his eighth consecutive Mr. Olympia
Mr. Olympia
title in 1991. Schwarzenegger continues to work out even today. When asked about his personal training during the 2011 Arnold Classic
Arnold Classic
he said that he was still working out a half an hour with weights every day.[34]

Competition weight: 235 pounds (107 kg)[35], the lightest in 1980 Mr. Olympia
Mr. Olympia
around 225 pounds (102 kg), the heaviest in 1971,1974 Mr. Olympia
Mr. Olympia
around 250 pounds (113 kg)[36][37] Off-season weight: 260 pounds (118 kg)[35]

Powerlifting/weightlifting During Schwarzenegger's early years in bodybuilding, he also competed in several Olympic weightlifting
Olympic weightlifting
and powerlifting contests. Schwarzenegger won two weightlifting contests in 1964 and 1965, as well as two powerlifting contests in 1966 and 1968.[32] In 1967, Schwarzenegger won the Munich
Munich
stone-lifting contest, in which a stone weighing 508 German pounds (254 kg/560 lbs.) is lifted between the legs while standing on two footrests. Personal records

Clean and press – 264 lb (120 kg)[32] Snatch – 243 lb (110 kg)[32] Clean and jerk
Clean and jerk
– 298 lb (135 kg)[32] Squat – 545 lb (247 kg)[32] Bench press
Bench press
– 520 lb (240 kg)[38][39] Deadlift
Deadlift
– 710 lb (320 kg)[32]

Schwarzenegger, pictured with 1987 world champion American Karyn Marshall, presenting awards at the USA Weightlifting Hall of Fame in 2011 in Columbus, Ohio

Mr. Olympia Schwarzenegger's goal was to become the greatest bodybuilder in the world, which meant becoming Mr. Olympia.[7][16] His first attempt was in 1969, when he lost to three-time champion Sergio Oliva. However, Schwarzenegger came back in 1970 and won the competition, making him the youngest ever Mr. Olympia
Mr. Olympia
at the age of 23, a record he still holds to this day.[16] He continued his winning streak in the 1971–74 competitions.[16] In 1975, Schwarzenegger was once again in top form, and won the title for the sixth consecutive time,[16] beating Franco Columbu. After the 1975 Mr. Olympia
Mr. Olympia
contest, Schwarzenegger announced his retirement from professional bodybuilding.[16] Months before the 1975 Mr. Olympia
Mr. Olympia
contest, filmmakers George Butler and Robert Fiore persuaded Schwarzenegger to compete, in order to film his training in the bodybuilding documentary called Pumping Iron. Schwarzenegger had only three months to prepare for the competition, after losing significant weight to appear in the film Stay Hungry
Stay Hungry
with Jeff Bridges. Lou Ferrigno
Lou Ferrigno
proved not to be a threat, and a lighter-than-usual Schwarzenegger convincingly won the 1975 Mr. Olympia. Schwarzenegger came out of retirement, however, to compete in the 1980 Mr. Olympia.[7] Schwarzenegger was training for his role in Conan, and he got into such good shape because of the running, horseback riding and sword training, that he decided he wanted to win the Mr. Olympia contest one last time. He kept this plan a secret in the event that a training accident would prevent his entry and cause him to lose face. Schwarzenegger had been hired to provide color commentary for network television when he announced at the eleventh hour that, while he was there, "Why not compete?" Schwarzenegger ended up winning the event with only seven weeks of preparation. Having being declared Mr. Olympia for a seventh time, Schwarzenegger then officially retired from competition. Steroid use Schwarzenegger has admitted to using performance-enhancing anabolic steroids while they were legal, writing in 1977 that "steroids were helpful to me in maintaining muscle size while on a strict diet in preparation for a contest. I did not use them for muscle growth, but rather for muscle maintenance when cutting up."[40] He has called the drugs "tissue building".[41] In 1999, Schwarzenegger sued Dr. Willi Heepe, a German doctor who publicly predicted his early death on the basis of a link between his steroid use and his later heart problems. As the doctor had never examined him personally, Schwarzenegger collected a US $10,000 libel judgment against him in a German court.[42] In 1999, Schwarzenegger also sued and settled with Globe, a U.S. tabloid which had made similar predictions about the bodybuilder's future health.[43] List of competitions [44]

Year Competition Location Result and notes

1965 Junior Mr. Europe Germany 1st

1966 Best Built Man of Europe Germany 1st

1966 Mr. Europe Germany 1st

1966 International Powerlifting
Powerlifting
Championship Germany 1st

1966 NABBA Mr. Universe amateur London 2nd to Chet Yorton

1967 NABBA Mr. Universe amateur London 1st

1968 NABBA Mr. Universe professional London 1st

1968 German Powerlifting
Powerlifting
Championship Germany 1st

1968 IFBB Mr. International Mexico 1st

1968 IFBB Mr. Universe Florida 2nd to Frank Zane

1969 IFBB Mr. Universe amateur New York 1st

1969 NABBA Mr. Universe professional London 1st

1969 Mr. Olympia New York 2nd to Sergio Oliva

1970 NABBA Mr. Universe professional London 1st. Defeated his idol Reg Park

1970 AAU Mr. World Columbus, Ohio 1st. Defeated Sergio Oliva
Sergio Oliva
for the first time

1970 Mr. Olympia New York 1st

1971 Mr. Olympia Paris 1st

1972 Mr. Olympia Essen, Germany 1st

1973 Mr. Olympia New York 1st

1974 Mr. Olympia New York 1st

1975 Mr. Olympia Pretoria, South Africa 1st. Subject of the documentary Pumping Iron

1980 Mr. Olympia Sydney, Australia 1st

Competitive stats

Schwarzenegger in 1974

Height: 6'2" (188 cm) Contest weight: 235 lb (107 kg) Off-season weight: 260 lb (120 kg) Arms: 22 in (56 cm) Chest: 57 in (140 cm) Waist: 34 in (86 cm) Thighs: 28.5 in (72 cm) Calves: 20 in (51 cm)

[35] Acting career Early roles Schwarzenegger wanted to move from bodybuilding into acting, finally achieving it when he was chosen to play the role of Hercules
Hercules
in 1970's Hercules
Hercules
in New York. Credited under the stage name "Arnold Strong", his accent in the film was so thick that his lines were dubbed after production.[4] His second film appearance was as a deaf-mute mob hitman in The Long Goodbye (1973), which was followed by a much more significant part in the film Stay Hungry
Stay Hungry
(1976), for which he won the Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for New Star of the Year – Actor. Schwarzenegger has discussed his early struggles in developing his acting career: "It was very difficult for me in the beginning – I was told by agents and casting people that my body was 'too weird', that I had a funny accent, and that my name was too long. You name it, and they told me I had to change it. Basically, everywhere I turned, I was told that I had no chance."[9] Schwarzenegger drew attention and boosted his profile in the bodybuilding film Pumping Iron
Pumping Iron
(1977),[3][4] elements of which were dramatized; in 1991, he purchased the rights to the film, its outtakes, and associated still photography.[45] In 1977, he made guest appearances in single episodes of the ABC sitcom The San Pedro Beach Bums and the ABC police procedural The Streets of San Francisco. Schwarzenegger auditioned for the title role of The Incredible Hulk, but did not win the role because of his height. Later, Lou Ferrigno got the part of Dr. David Banner's alter ego. Schwarzenegger appeared with Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
and Ann-Margret
Ann-Margret
in the 1979 comedy The Villain. In 1980, he starred in a biographical film of the 1950s actress Jayne Mansfield as Mansfield's husband, Mickey Hargitay. Action superstar Schwarzenegger's breakthrough film was the sword-and-sorcery epic Conan the Barbarian
Conan the Barbarian
in 1982, which was a box-office hit.[3] This was followed by a sequel, Conan the Destroyer, in 1984, although it was not as successful as its predecessor.[46] In 1983, Schwarzenegger starred in the promotional video, Carnival in Rio. In 1984, he made his first appearance as the eponymous character, and what some would say was his acting career's signature role, in James Cameron's science fiction thriller film The Terminator.[3][4][5] Following this, Schwarzenegger made Red Sonja in 1985.[46] During the 1980s, audiences had an appetite for action films, with both Schwarzenegger and Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
becoming international stars.[4] Schwarzenegger's roles reflected his sense of humor, separating him from more serious action hero films. He made a number of successful action films in the 1980s, such as Commando (1985), Raw Deal (1986), The Running Man (1987), Predator (1987), and Red Heat (1988).

Footprints and handprints of Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
in front of the Grauman's Chinese Theatre, with his famous catchphrase "I'll be back" written in.

Twins (1988), a comedy with Danny DeVito, also proved successful. Total Recall (1990) netted Schwarzenegger $10 million and 15% of the film's gross. A science fiction script, the film was based on the Philip K. Dick
Philip K. Dick
short story "We Can Remember It for You Wholesale". Kindergarten Cop
Kindergarten Cop
(1990) reunited him with director Ivan Reitman, who directed him in Twins. Schwarzenegger had a brief foray into directing, first with a 1990 episode of the TV series Tales from the Crypt, entitled "The Switch",[47] and then with the 1992 telemovie Christmas in Connecticut.[48] He has not directed since. Schwarzenegger's commercial peak was his return as the title character in 1991's Terminator 2: Judgment Day, which was the highest-grossing film of 1991. In 1993, the National Association of Theatre Owners named him the "International Star of the Decade".[7] His next film project, the 1993 self-aware action comedy spoof Last Action Hero, was released opposite Jurassic Park, and did not do well at the box office. His next film, the comedy drama True Lies
True Lies
(1994), was a popular spy film and saw Schwarzenegger reunited with James Cameron. That same year, the comedy Junior was released, the last of Schwarzenegger's three collaborations with Ivan Reitman
Ivan Reitman
and again co-starring Danny DeVito. This film brought him his second Golden Globe nomination, this time for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy. It was followed by the action thriller Eraser (1996), the Christmas comedy Jingle All The Way
Jingle All The Way
(1996), and the comic book-based Batman & Robin (1997), in which he played the villain Mr. Freeze. This was his final film before taking time to recuperate from a back injury. Following the critical failure of Batman & Robin, his film career and box office prominence went into decline. He returned with the supernatural thriller End of Days (1999), later followed by the action films The 6th Day
The 6th Day
(2000) and Collateral Damage (2002), both of which failed to do well at the box office. In 2003, he made his third appearance as the title character in Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines, which went on to earn over $150 million domestically.[49]

Arnold Schwarzenegger's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

In tribute to Schwarzenegger in 2002, Forum Stadtpark, a local cultural association, proposed plans to build a 25-meter (82 ft) tall Terminator statue in a park in central Graz. Schwarzenegger reportedly said he was flattered, but thought the money would be better spent on social projects and the Special
Special
Olympics.[50] Retirement His film appearances after becoming Governor of California
Governor of California
included a three-second cameo appearance in The Rundown, and the 2004 remake of Around the World in 80 Days. In 2005, he appeared as himself in the film The Kid & I. He voiced Baron von Steuben
Baron von Steuben
in the Liberty's Kids episode "Valley Forge". He had been rumored to be appearing in Terminator Salvation
Terminator Salvation
as the original T-800; he denied his involvement,[51] but he ultimately did appear briefly via his image being inserted into the movie from stock footage of the first Terminator movie.[52][53] Schwarzenegger appeared in Sylvester Stallone's The Expendables, where he made a cameo appearance. Return to acting In January 2011, just weeks after leaving office in California, Schwarzenegger announced that he was reading several new scripts for future films, one of them being the World War II
World War II
action drama With Wings as Eagles, written by Randall Wallace, based on a true story.[54][55] On March 6, 2011, at the Arnold Seminar of the Arnold Classic, Schwarzenegger revealed that he was being considered for several films, including sequels to The Terminator
The Terminator
and remakes of Predator and The Running Man, and that he was "packaging" a comic book character.[56] The character was later revealed to be the Governator, star of the comic book and animated series of the same name. Schwarzenegger inspired the character and co-developed it with Stan Lee, who would have produced the series. Schwarzenegger would have voiced the Governator.[57][58][59][60] On May 20, 2011, Schwarzenegger's entertainment counsel announced that all movie projects currently in development were being halted: "Schwarzenegger is focusing on personal matters and is not willing to commit to any production schedules or timelines".[61] On July 11, 2011, it was announced that Schwarzenegger was considering a comeback film despite his legal problems.[62] He appeared in The Expendables 2 (2012),[63] and starred in The Last Stand (2013), his first leading role in 10 years, and Escape Plan (2013), his first co-starring role alongside Sylvester Stallone. He starred in Sabotage, released in March 2014, and appeared in The Expendables 3, released in August 2014. He starred in the fifth Terminator movie Terminator Genisys
Terminator Genisys
in 2015[64] and will reprise his role as Conan the Barbarian
Conan the Barbarian
in The Legend of Conan,[65][66] later renamed Conan the Conqueror.[67] In August 2016, his filming of action-comedy Why We're Killing Gunther was temporarily interrupted by bank robbers near filming location in Surrey, British Columbia.[68] He was announced to star and produce in a film about the ruins of Sanxingdui
Sanxingdui
called The Guest of Sanxingdui, as an ambassador.[69] On February 6, 2018, Amazon Studios
Amazon Studios
announced they were working with Schwarzenegger to develop a new series entitled Outrider in which he will star and executive produce. The western-drama set in the Oklahoma Indian Territory in the late 1800s will follow a deputy (portrayed by Schwarzenegger) who is tasked with apprehending a legendary outlaw in the wilderness but is forced to partner with a ruthless Federal Marshal to make sure justice is properly served. The series will also mark as Schwarzenegger's first major scripted TV role.[70] Schwarzenegger will return in a Terminator movie on 26 July, 2019. The series co-creator James Cameron
James Cameron
will produce the movie with Tim Miller as Director. It is another cooperation with Cameron, who directed him previously in Terminator, Terminator 2
Terminator 2
and True Lies. The film is planed as a direct sequel to Terminator 2
Terminator 2
and disregards the storyline established with Terminator 3, Terminator Salvation
Terminator Salvation
and Terminator Genisys.[71][72] The Celebrity Apprentice In September 2015, the media announced Schwarzenegger would replace Donald Trump
Donald Trump
as host of The New Celebrity Apprentice.[73] This show, the 15th season of The Apprentice, aired during the 2016–2017 TV season. In the show, he used the phrases "you're terminated" and "get to the choppa," which are quotes from some of his famous roles, when firing the contestants. In March 2017, following repeated criticisms from Donald Trump, Schwarzenegger announced that he would not return for another season on the show. Schwarzenegger reacted to Trump’s latest remarks in January 2017: “Hey, Donald, I have a great idea. Why don’t we switch jobs?” he asked in an Instagram clip. “You take over TV because you’re such an expert in ratings, and I take over your job, and then people can finally sleep comfortably again.”[74] Filmography Main article: Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
filmography Selected notable roles:

Hercules in New York
Hercules in New York
as Hercules
Hercules
(1970) Stay Hungry
Stay Hungry
as Joe Santo (1976) Pumping Iron
Pumping Iron
as himself (1977) The Villain as Handsome Stranger (1979) The Jayne Mansfield
Jayne Mansfield
Story as Mickey Hargitay
Mickey Hargitay
(1980) Conan the Barbarian
Conan the Barbarian
as Conan (1982) Conan the Destroyer
Conan the Destroyer
as Conan (1984) The Terminator
The Terminator
as The Terminator/T-800 Model 101 (1984) Red Sonja as Kalidor (1985) Commando as John Matrix (1985) Raw Deal as Mark Kaminsky, a.k.a. Joseph P. Brenner (1986) Predator as Major Alan "Dutch" Schaeffer (1987) The Running Man as Ben Richards (1987) Red Heat as Captain Ivan Danko (1988) Twins as Julius Benedict (1988) Total Recall as Douglas Quaid/Hauser (1990) Kindergarten Cop
Kindergarten Cop
as Detective John Kimble (1990) Terminator 2: Judgment Day as The Terminator/T-800 Model 101 (1991) Last Action Hero
Last Action Hero
as Jack Slater / Himself (1993) True Lies
True Lies
as Harry Tasker (1994) Junior as Dr. Alex Hesse (1994) Eraser as U.S. Marshal John Kruger (1996) Jingle All the Way
Jingle All the Way
as Howard Langston (1996) Batman and Robin as Mr. Freeze
Mr. Freeze
(1997) End of Days as Jericho Cane (1999) The 6th Day
The 6th Day
as Adam Gibson / Adam Gibson Clone (2000) Collateral Damage as Gordy Brewer (2002) Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines as The Terminator/T-850 Model 101 (2003) Around the World in 80 Days as Prince Hapi (2004) The Expendables as Trench (2010) The Expendables 2
The Expendables 2
as Trench (2012) The Last Stand as Sheriff Ray Owens (2013) Escape Plan as Rottmayer (2013) Sabotage as John 'Breacher' Wharton (2014) The Expendables 3
The Expendables 3
as Trench (2014) Maggie as Wade Vogel (2015) Terminator Genisys
Terminator Genisys
as The Terminator/T-800 Model 101/ The Guardian (2015) Aftermath as Roman Melnik (2017) Killing Gunther as Gunther (2017) Journey to China: The Mystery of Iron Mask (2017) Triplets as Julius Benedict (2018) The Expendables 4
The Expendables 4
as Trench (2018) Untitled Terminator film as The Terminator/T-800 Model 101 (2019)

Political career Main article: Political career of Arnold Schwarzenegger Early politics

Vice President Dick Cheney
Dick Cheney
meets with Schwarzenegger for the first time at the White House

Schwarzenegger has been a registered Republican for many years. When he was an actor, his political views were always well known as they contrasted with those of many other prominent Hollywood stars, who are generally considered to be a liberal and Democratic-leaning community. At the 2004 Republican National Convention, Schwarzenegger gave a speech and explained he was a Republican because the Democrats of the 1960s sounded too much like Austrian socialists.[75]

I finally arrived here in 1968. What a special day it was. I remember I arrived here with empty pockets but full of dreams, full of determination, full of desire. The presidential campaign was in full swing. I remember watching the Nixon–Humphrey presidential race on TV. A friend of mine who spoke German and English translated for me. I heard Humphrey saying things that sounded like socialism, which I had just left. But then I heard Nixon speak. He was talking about free enterprise, getting the government off your back, lowering the taxes and strengthening the military. Listening to Nixon speak sounded more like a breath of fresh air. I said to my friend, I said, "What party is he?" My friend said, "He's a Republican." I said, "Then I am a Republican." And I have been a Republican ever since.

Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
on Capitol Hill for an event related to the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports

In 1985, Schwarzenegger appeared in "Stop the Madness", an anti-drug music video sponsored by the Reagan administration. He first came to wide public notice as a Republican during the 1988 presidential election, accompanying then-Vice President George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
at a campaign rally.[76] Schwarzenegger's first political appointment was as chairman of the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports, on which he served from 1990 to 1993.[7] He was nominated by George H. W. Bush, who dubbed him "Conan the Republican". He later served as chairman for the California
California
Governor's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports under Governor Pete Wilson. Between 1993 and 1994, Schwarzenegger was a Red Cross
Red Cross
ambassador (a ceremonial role fulfilled by celebrities), recording several television and radio public service announcements to donate blood. In an interview with Talk
Talk
magazine in late 1999, Schwarzenegger was asked if he thought of running for office. He replied, "I think about it many times. The possibility is there because I feel it inside."[77] The Hollywood Reporter
The Hollywood Reporter
claimed shortly after that Schwarzenegger sought to end speculation that he might run for governor of California.[77] Following his initial comments, Schwarzenegger said, "I'm in show business – I am in the middle of my career. Why would I go away from that and jump into something else?"[77] Governor of California Schwarzenegger announced his candidacy in the 2003 California
California
recall election for Governor of California
Governor of California
on August 6, 2003, episode of The Tonight Show with Jay Leno.[4] Schwarzenegger had the most name recognition in a crowded field of candidates, but he had never held public office and his political views were unknown to most Californians. His candidacy immediately became national and international news, with media outlets dubbing him the "Governator" (referring to The Terminator
The Terminator
movies, see above) and "The Running Man" (the name of another one of his films), and calling the recall election "Total Recall" (yet another movie starring Schwarzenegger). Schwarzenegger declined to participate in several debates with other recall replacement candidates, and appeared in only one debate on September 24, 2003.[78]

President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
meets with Schwarzenegger after his successful election to the California
California
Governorship.

On October 7, 2003, the recall election resulted in Governor Gray Davis being removed from office with 55.4% of the Yes vote in favor of a recall. Schwarzenegger was elected Governor of California
Governor of California
under the second question on the ballot with 48.6% of the vote to choose a successor to Davis. Schwarzenegger defeated Democrat Cruz Bustamante, fellow Republican Tom McClintock, and others. His nearest rival, Bustamante, received 31% of the vote. In total, Schwarzenegger won the election by about 1.3 million votes. Under the regulations of the California
California
Constitution, no runoff election was required. Schwarzenegger was the second foreign-born governor of California after Irish-born Governor John G. Downey
John G. Downey
in 1862. Schwarzenegger was entrenched in what he considered to be his mandate in cleaning up gridlock. Building on a catchphrase from the sketch "Hans and Franz" from Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
(which partly parodied his bodybuilding career), Schwarzenegger called the Democratic State politicians "girlie men".[79] Schwarzenegger's early victories included repealing an unpopular increase in the vehicle registration fee as well as preventing driver's licenses being given out to illegal immigrants, but later he began to feel the backlash when powerful state unions began to oppose his various initiatives. Key among his reckoning with political realities was a special election he called in November 2005, in which four ballot measures he sponsored were defeated. Schwarzenegger accepted personal responsibility for the defeats and vowed to continue to seek consensus for the people of California. He would later comment that "no one could win if the opposition raised 160 million dollars to defeat you". The U.S. Supreme Court later found the public employee unions' use of compulsory fundraising during the campaign had been illegal in Knox v. Service Employees International Union, Local 1000.[80] Schwarzenegger, against the advice of fellow Republican strategists, appointed a Democrat, Susan Kennedy, as his Chief of Staff. He gradually moved towards a more politically moderate position, determined to build a winning legacy with only a short time to go until the next gubernatorial election. Schwarzenegger ran for re-election against Democrat Phil Angelides, the California
California
State Treasurer, in the 2006 elections, held on November 7, 2006. Despite a poor year nationally for the Republican party, Schwarzenegger won re-election with 56.0% of the vote compared with 38.9% for Angelides, a margin of well over 1 million votes.[81] In recent years, many commentators have seen Schwarzenegger as moving away from the right and towards the center of the political spectrum. After hearing a speech by Schwarzenegger at the 2006 Martin Luther King Jr. breakfast, San Francisco mayor Gavin Newsom
Gavin Newsom
said that "[H]e's becoming a Democrat [… H]e's running back, not even to the center. I would say center-left". Some speculated that Schwarzenegger might run for the United States Senate in 2010, as his governorship would be term-limited by that time. Such rumors turned out to be false.[82][83]

With Schwarzenegger and Senator Dianne Feinstein
Dianne Feinstein
behind him, President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
comments on wildfires and firefighting efforts in California, October 2007.

Wendy Leigh, who wrote an unofficial biography on Schwarzenegger, claims he plotted his political rise from an early age using the movie business and bodybuilding as the means to escape a depressing home.[12] Leigh portrays Schwarzenegger as obsessed with power and quotes him as saying, "I wanted to be part of the small percentage of people who were leaders, not the large mass of followers. I think it is because I saw leaders use 100% of their potential – I was always fascinated by people in control of other people."[12] Schwarzenegger has said that it was never his intention to enter politics, but he says, "I married into a political family. You get together with them and you hear about policy, about reaching out to help people. I was exposed to the idea of being a public servant and Eunice and Sargent Shriver
Sargent Shriver
became my heroes."[25] Eunice Kennedy Shriver was the sister of John F. Kennedy, and mother-in-law to Schwarzenegger; Sargent Shriver
Sargent Shriver
is husband to Eunice and father-in-law to Schwarzenegger. Schwarzenegger cannot run for president as he is not a natural-born citizen of the United States. Schwarzenegger is a dual Austrian/United States citizen.[84] He has held Austrian citizenship
Austrian citizenship
since birth and U.S. citizenship since becoming naturalized in 1983. Being Austrian and thus European, he was able to win the 2007 European Voice campaigner of the year award for taking action against climate change with the California
California
Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006
Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006
and plans to introduce an emissions trading scheme with other US states and possibly with the EU.[85]

Governor Schwarzenegger during his visit to Naval Medical Center in San Diego, July 2010.

Because of his personal wealth from his acting career, Schwarzenegger did not accept his governor's salary of $175,000 per year.[86] Schwarzenegger's endorsement in the Republican primary of the 2008 U.S. presidential election was highly sought; despite being good friends with candidates Rudy Giuliani
Rudy Giuliani
and Senator John McCain, Schwarzenegger remained neutral throughout 2007 and early 2008. Giuliani dropped out of the presidential race on January 30, 2008, largely because of a poor showing in Florida, and endorsed McCain. Later that night, Schwarzenegger was in the audience at a Republican debate at the Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
Presidential Library in California. The following day, he endorsed McCain, joking, "It's Rudy's fault!" (in reference to his friendships with both candidates and that he could not make up his mind). Schwarzenegger's endorsement was thought to be a boost for Senator McCain's campaign; both spoke about their concerns for the environment and economy.[87] In its April 2010 report, Progressive ethics watchdog group Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington named Schwarzenegger one of 11 "worst governors" in the United States because of various ethics issues throughout Schwarzenegger's term as governor.[88][89] Governor Schwarzenegger played a significant role in opposing Proposition 66, a proposed amendment of the Californian Three Strikes Law, in November 2004. This amendment would have required the third felony to be either violent or serious to mandate a 25-years-to-life sentence. In the last week before the ballot, Schwarzenegger launched an intensive campaign[90] against Proposition 66.[91] He stated that "it would release 26,000 dangerous criminals and rapists".[92] Although he began his tenure as governor with record high approval ratings (as high as 89% in December 2003), he left office with a record low 23%,[93] only one percent higher than that of Gray Davis, when he was recalled in October 2003. Death of Louis Santos Main article: Death of Louis Santos In May 2010, Esteban Núñez pleaded guilty to involuntary manslaughter and was sentenced to 16 years in prison for the death of Louis Santos. Núñez is the son of Fabian Núñez, then California Assembly Speaker of the House and a close friend and staunch political ally of then governor Schwarzenegger.[94][95][96][97] As a personal favor to "a friend," just hours before he left office, and as one of his last official acts, Schwarzenegger commuted Núñez's sentence by more than half, to seven years.[96][98][99] Against protocol, Schwarzenegger did not inform Santos' family or the San Diego County prosecutors about the commutation. They learned about it in a call from a reporter.[99] The Santos family, along with the San Diego district attorney, sued to stop the commutation, claiming that it violated Marsy's Law. In September 2012, Sacramento County superior court judge Lloyd Connelly stated, "Based on the evidentiary records before this court involving this case, there was an abuse of discretion...This was a distasteful commutation. It was repugnant to the bulk of the citizenry of this state." However, Connelly ruled that Schwarzenegger remained within his executive powers as governor.[94] Subsequently, as a direct result of the way the commutation was handled, Governor Jerry Brown
Jerry Brown
signed a bipartisan bill that allows offender's victims and their families to be notified at least 10 days notice for any commutations.[100] Núñez was released from prison after serving less than six years.[101] Allegations of sexual misconduct

Code Pink
Code Pink
protesting against Schwarzenegger

During his initial campaign for governor, allegations of sexual and personal misconduct were raised against Schwarzenegger, dubbed "Gropegate".[102] Within the last five days before the election, news reports appeared in the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times recounting allegations of sexual misconduct from several individual women, six of whom eventually came forward with their personal stories.[103] Three of the women claimed he had grabbed their breasts, a fourth said he placed his hand under her skirt on her buttock. A fifth woman claimed Schwarzenegger tried to take off her bathing suit in a hotel elevator, and the last said he pulled her onto his lap and asked her about a sex act.[102] Schwarzenegger admitted that he has "behaved badly sometimes" and apologized, but also stated that "a lot of [what] you see in the stories is not true". This came after an interview in adult magazine Oui from 1977 surfaced, in which Schwarzenegger discussed attending sexual orgies and using substances such as marijuana.[104] Schwarzenegger is shown smoking a marijuana joint after winning Mr. Olympia in the 1975 documentary film Pumping Iron. In an interview with GQ magazine in October 2007, Schwarzenegger said, "[Marijuana] is not a drug. It's a leaf. My drug was pumping iron, trust me."[105] His spokesperson later said the comment was meant to be a joke.[105] British television personality Anna Richardson
Anna Richardson
settled a libel lawsuit in August 2006 against Schwarzenegger, his top aide, Sean Walsh, and his publicist, Sheryl Main.[106] A joint statement read: "The parties are content to put this matter behind them and are pleased that this legal dispute has now been settled."[106] Richardson claimed they tried to tarnish her reputation by dismissing her allegations that Schwarzenegger touched her breast during a press event for The 6th Day in London.[107] She claimed Walsh and Main libeled her in a Los Angeles Times article when they contended she encouraged his behavior.[106] Citizenship

Schwarzenegger in 2004

Schwarzenegger became a naturalized U.S. citizen on September 17, 1983.[108] Shortly before he gained his citizenship, he asked the Austrian authorities for the right to keep his Austrian citizenship, as Austria
Austria
does not usually allow dual citizenship. His request was granted, and he retained his Austrian citizenship.[109] In 2005, Peter Pilz, a member of the Austrian Parliament
Austrian Parliament
from the Austrian Green Party, unsuccessfully advocated for Parliament to revoke Schwarzenegger's Austrian citizenship
Austrian citizenship
due to his decision not to prevent the executions of Donald Beardslee and Stanley Williams. Pilz argued that Schwarzenegger caused damage to Austria's reputation in the international community because Austria
Austria
abolished the death penalty in 1968. Pilz based his argument on Article 33 of the Austrian Citizenship Act, which states: "A citizen, who is in the public service of a foreign country, shall be deprived of his citizenship if he heavily damages the reputation or the interests of the Austrian Republic."[84] Pilz claimed that Schwarzenegger's actions in support of the death penalty (prohibited in Austria
Austria
under Protocol 13 of the European Convention on Human Rights) had damaged Austria's reputation. Schwarzenegger explained his actions by pointing out that his only duty as Governor of California
Governor of California
with respect to the death penalty was to correct an error by the justice system by pardon or clemency if such an error had occurred. Environmental record On September 27, 2006, Schwarzenegger signed the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006, creating the nation's first cap on greenhouse gas emissions. The law set new regulations on the amount of emissions utilities, refineries, and manufacturing plants are allowed to release into the atmosphere. Schwarzenegger also signed a second global warming bill that prohibits large utilities and corporations in California
California
from making long-term contracts with suppliers who do not meet the state's greenhouse gas emission standards. The two bills are part of a plan to reduce California's emissions by 25 percent to 1990s levels by 2020. In 2005, Schwarzenegger issued an executive order calling to reduce greenhouse gases to 80 percent below 1990 levels by 2050.[110] Schwarzenegger signed another executive order on October 17, 2006, allowing California
California
to work with the Northeast's Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative. They plan to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by issuing a limited amount of carbon credits to each power plant in participating states. Any power plants that exceed emissions for the number of carbon credits will have to purchase more credits to cover the difference. The plan took effect in 2009.[111] In addition to using his political power to fight global warming, the governor has taken steps at his home to reduce his personal carbon footprint. Schwarzenegger has adapted one of his Hummers to run on hydrogen and another to run on biofuels. He has also installed solar panels to heat his home.[112] In respect of his contribution to the direction of the US motor industry, Schwarzenegger was invited to open the 2009 SAE World Congress in Detroit, on April 20, 2009.[113] In 2011, Schwarzenegger founded the R20 Regions of Climate Action
R20 Regions of Climate Action
to develop a sustainable, low carbon economy.[114] Electoral history

California
California
gubernatorial recall election, 2003

Party Candidate Votes % ±

Republican Arnold Schwarzenegger 4,206,284 48.6

Democratic Cruz Bustamante 2,724,874 31.5

Republican Tom McClintock 1,161,287 13.5

Green Peter Miguel Camejo 242,247 2.8

California
California
gubernatorial election, 2006

Party Candidate Votes % ±

Republican Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
(incumbent) 4,850,157 55.9 +7.3

Democratic Phil Angelides 3,376,732 39.0

Green Peter Miguel Camejo 205,995 2.3 −0.5

Presidential ambitions The Equal Opportunity to Govern Amendment in 2003 was widely accredited as the "Amend for Arnold" bill, which would have removed language from the U.S. Constitution prohibiting his run, having been born in Austria. In 2004, the "Amend for Arnold" campaign was launched, featuring a website and TV advertising promotion.[115] In June 2007, Schwarzenegger was featured on the cover of TIME magazine with Michael Bloomberg, and subsequently, the two joked about a Presidential ticket together.[116] In October 2013, the New York Post
New York Post
reported that Schwarzenegger was exploring a future run for president. The former California
California
governor would face a constitutional hurdle; Article II, Section I, Clause V nominally prevents individuals who are not natural-born citizens of the United States from assuming the office. He has reportedly been lobbying legislators about a possible constitutional change, or filing a legal challenge to the provision. Columbia University
Columbia University
law professor Michael Dorf observed that Schwarzenegger's possible lawsuit could ultimately win him the right to run for the office, noting, "The law is very clear, but it's not 100 percent clear that the courts would enforce that law rather than leave it to the political process."[117] Business career Schwarzenegger has had a highly successful business career.[12][25] Following his move to the United States, Schwarzenegger became a "prolific goal setter" and would write his objectives at the start of the year on index cards, like starting a mail order business or buying a new car – and succeed in doing so.[19] By the age of 30, Schwarzenegger was a millionaire, well before his career in Hollywood. His financial independence came from his success as a budding entrepreneur with a series of lucrative business ventures and investments. Bricklaying business In 1968, Schwarzenegger and fellow bodybuilder Franco Columbu started a bricklaying business. The business flourished thanks to the pair's marketing savvy and an increased demand following the 1971 San Fernando earthquake.[118][119] Schwarzenegger and Columbu used profits from their bricklaying venture to start a mail-order business, selling bodybuilding and fitness-related equipment and instructional tapes.[7][118] Investments Schwarzenegger transferred profits from the mail-order business and his bodybuilding-competition winnings into his first real estate investment venture: an apartment building he purchased for $10,000. He would later go on to invest in a number of real estate holding companies.[120][121] Schwarzenegger was a founding celebrity investor in the Planet Hollywood chain of international theme restaurants (modeled after the Hard Rock Cafe) along with Bruce Willis, Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
and Demi Moore. Schwarzenegger severed his financial ties with the business in early 2000.[122][123] Schwarzenegger said the company had not had the success he had hoped for, claiming he wanted to focus his attention on "new US global business ventures" and his movie career.[122] He also invested in a shopping mall in Columbus, Ohio. He has talked about some of those who have helped him over the years in business: "I couldn't have learned about business without a parade of teachers guiding me... from Milton Friedman
Milton Friedman
to Donald Trump... and now, Les Wexner and Warren Buffett. I even learned a thing or two from Planet Hollywood, such as when to get out! And I did!"[17] He has significant ownership in Dimensional Fund Advisors, an investment firm.[124] Schwarzenegger is also the owner of Arnold's Sports Festival, which he started in 1989 and is held annually in Columbus, Ohio. It is a festival that hosts thousands of international health and fitness professionals which has also expanded into a three-day expo. He also owns a movie production company called Oak Productions, Inc. and Fitness Publications, a joint publishing venture with Simon & Schuster.[125] Restaurant In 1992, Schwarzenegger and his wife opened a restaurant in Santa Monica called Schatzi On Main. Schatzi literally means "little treasure," colloquial for "honey" or "darling" in German. In 1998, he sold his restaurant.[126] Wealth See also: List of richest American politicians Schwarzenegger's net worth had been conservatively estimated at $100 million–$200 million.[127] After separating from his wife, Maria Shriver, in 2011, it has been estimated that his net worth has been approximately $400 million, and even as high as $800 million, based on tax returns he filed in 2006.[128] Over the years as an investor, he invested his bodybuilding and movie earnings in an array of stocks, bonds, privately controlled companies, and real estate holdings worldwide, making his net worth as an accurate estimation difficult to calculate, particularly in light of declining real estate values owing to economic recessions in the U.S. and Europe since the late 2000s. In June 1997, Schwarzenegger spent $38 million of his own money on a private Gulfstream jet.[129] Schwarzenegger once said of his fortune, "Money doesn't make you happy. I now have $50 million, but I was just as happy when I had $48 million."[12] Commercial advertisements He appears in a series of commercials for the Machine Zone
Machine Zone
game Mobile Strike as a military commander and spokesman.[130] Personal life Early relationships

Schwarzenegger with then-wife Maria Shriver
Maria Shriver
at the 2007 Special Olympics in Shanghai

In 1969, Schwarzenegger met Barbara Outland (later Barbara Outland Baker), an English teacher with whom he lived until 1974.[131] Schwarzenegger said of Baker in his 1977 memoir, "Basically it came down to this: she was a well-balanced woman who wanted an ordinary, solid life, and I was not a well-balanced man, and hated the very idea of ordinary life."[131] Baker has described Schwarzenegger as a "joyful personality, totally charismatic, adventurous, and athletic" but claims that towards the end of the relationship he became "insufferable—classically conceited—the world revolved around him".[132] Baker published her memoir in 2006, entitled Arnold and Me: In the Shadow of the Austrian Oak.[133] Although Baker painted an unflattering portrait of her former lover at times, Schwarzenegger actually contributed to the tell-all book with a foreword, and also met with Baker for three hours.[133] Baker claims that she only learned of his being unfaithful after they split, and talks of a turbulent and passionate love life.[133] Schwarzenegger has made it clear that their respective recollection of events can differ.[133] The couple first met six to eight months after his arrival in the U.S. Their first date was watching the first Apollo Moon landing on television.[19] They shared an apartment in Santa Monica, California
California
for three and a half years, and having little money, they would visit the beach all day or have barbecues in the back yard.[19] Although Baker claims that when she first met Schwarzenegger, he had "little understanding of polite society" and she found him a turn-off, she says, "He's as much a self-made man as it's possible to be—he never got encouragement from his parents, his family, his brother. He just had this huge determination to prove himself, and that was very attractive ... I'll go to my grave knowing Arnold loved me."[19] Schwarzenegger met his next lover, Beverly Hills
Beverly Hills
hairdresser's assistant Sue Moray, on Venice Beach
Venice Beach
in July 1977. According to Moray, the couple led an open relationship: "We were faithful when we were both in LA... but when he was out of town, we were free to do whatever we wanted."[13] Schwarzenegger met television journalist Maria Shriver, niece of President John F. Kennedy, at the Robert F. Kennedy Tennis Tournament in August 1977. He went on to have a relationship with both Moray and Shriver until August 1978, when Moray (who knew of his relationship with Shriver) issued an ultimatum.[13] Marriage and family On April 26, 1986, Schwarzenegger married Shriver in Hyannis, Massachusetts. The Rev. John Baptist Riordan performed the ceremony at St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church.[134] They have four children: Katherine Eunice Schwarzenegger (born December 13, 1989), Christina Maria Aurelia Schwarzenegger (born July 23, 1991),[135] Patrick Arnold Shriver Schwarzenegger (born September 18, 1993),[136] and Christopher Sargent Shriver
Sargent Shriver
Schwarzenegger (born September 27, 1997). All of their children were born in Los Angeles.[137] The family lived in a 11,000-square-foot (1,000 m2) home in the Brentwood neighborhood of Los Angeles,[138][139] with vacation homes in Sun Valley, Idaho, and Hyannis Port, Massachusetts.[140] They attended St. Monica's Catholic Church.[141] Marital separation

Schwarzenegger and his son Patrick at Edwards Air Force Base
Edwards Air Force Base
in December 2002

On May 9, 2011, Shriver and Schwarzenegger ended their relationship after 25 years of marriage, with Shriver moving out of the couple's Brentwood mansion.[142][143][144] On May 16, 2011, the Los Angeles Times revealed that Schwarzenegger had fathered a son more than 14 years earlier with an employee in their household, Mildred Patricia "Patty" Baena.[145][146][147] "After leaving the governor's office I told my wife about this event, which occurred over a decade ago," Schwarzenegger said in a statement issued to The Times. In the statement, Schwarzenegger did not mention that he had confessed to his wife only after she had confronted him with the information, which she had done after confirming with the housekeeper what she had suspected about the child.[148] Baena is of Guatemalan origin. She was employed by the family for 20 years and retired in January 2011.[149] The pregnant Baena was working in the home while Shriver was pregnant with the youngest of the couple's four children.[150] Baena's son with Schwarzenegger, Joseph,[151] was born on October 2, 1997,[152] and Shriver gave birth to Christopher a few days before on September 27, 1997.[153] Schwarzenegger says it took seven or eight years before he found out that he had fathered a child with his housekeeper. It was not until the boy "started looking like [him] ... that [he] put things together".[154] Schwarzenegger has taken financial responsibility for the child "from the start and continued to provide support".[155] KNX 1070 radio reported that in 2010 he bought a new four-bedroom house with a pool for Baena and their son in Bakersfield, California.[156] Baena separated from her husband, Rogelio, a few months after Joseph's birth. She filed for divorce in 2008.[157] Rogelio says that the child's birth certificate was falsified and that he plans to sue Schwarzenegger for engaging in conspiracy to falsify a public document, a serious crime in California.[158] Pursuant to the divorce judgment, Schwarzenegger kept the Brentwood home, while Shriver purchased a new home nearby so that the children could travel between their parents' homes. They shared custody of the two youngest children.[159] Schwarzenegger came under fire after the initial petition did not include spousal support and a reimbursement of attorney's fees.[65] However, he claims this was not intentional and that he signed the initial documents without having properly read them.[65] He filed amended divorce papers remedying this.[65][160] Schwarzenegger and Shriver finalized their divorce in 2017, six years after separating.[161] After the scandal, Danish-Italian actress Brigitte Nielsen
Brigitte Nielsen
came forward and stated that she too had an affair with Schwarzenegger while he was in a relationship with Shriver,[162] saying, "Maybe I wouldn't have got into it if he said 'I'm going to marry Maria' and this is deadly serious, but he didn't, and our affair carried on."[162] When asked in January 2014, "Of all the things you are famous for ... which are you least proud of?" Schwarzenegger replied, "I'm least proud of the mistakes I made that caused my family pain and split us up."[163] As of July 2015, Schwarzenegger was dating physical therapist Heather Milligan, 27 years his junior.[164] Accidents and injuries Schwarzenegger was born with a bicuspid aortic valve, an aortic valve with only two leaflets (a normal aortic valve has three leaflets).[165][166] He opted in 1997 for a replacement heart valve made of his own transplanted tissue; medical experts predicted he would require heart valve replacement surgery in the following two to eight years as his valve would progressively degrade. Schwarzenegger apparently opted against a mechanical valve, the only permanent solution available at the time of his surgery, because it would have sharply limited his physical activity and capacity to exercise.[167] On March 29, 2018, Swartzenegger had undergone emergency open-heart surgery.[168] On December 9, 2001, he broke six ribs and was hospitalized for four days after a motorcycle crash in Los Angeles.[169] Schwarzenegger saved a drowning man's life in 2004 while on vacation in Hawaii by swimming out and bringing him back to shore.[170] On January 8, 2006, while Schwarzenegger was riding his Harley Davidson motorcycle in Los Angeles, with his son Patrick in the sidecar, another driver backed into the street he was riding on, causing him and his son to collide with the car at a low speed. While his son and the other driver were unharmed, Schwarzenegger sustained a minor injury to his lip, requiring 15 stitches. "No citations were issued," said Officer Jason Lee, a Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Police Department spokesman.[171] Schwarzenegger did not obtain his motorcycle license until July 3, 2006.[172] Schwarzenegger tripped over his ski pole and broke his right femur while skiing in Sun Valley, Idaho
Sun Valley, Idaho
with his family on December 23, 2006.[173] On December 26, he underwent a 90-minute operation in which cables and screws were used to wire the broken bone back together. He was released from the St. John's Health Center
St. John's Health Center
on December 30, 2006.[174] Schwarzenegger's private jet made an emergency landing at Van Nuys Airport on June 19, 2009, after the pilot reported smoke coming from the cockpit, according to a statement released by his press secretary. No one was harmed in the incident.[175] Height Schwarzenegger's official height of 6'2" (1.88 m) has been brought into question by several articles. In his bodybuilding days in the late 1960s, he was measured to be 6'1.5" (1.87 m), a height confirmed by his fellow bodybuilders.[176][177] However, in 1988 both the Daily Mail and Time Out magazine mentioned that Schwarzenegger appeared noticeably shorter.[178] Prior to running for governor, Schwarzenegger's height was once again questioned in an article by the Chicago Reader.[179] As governor, Schwarzenegger engaged in a light-hearted exchange with Assemblyman Herb Wesson
Herb Wesson
over their heights. At one point, Wesson made an unsuccessful attempt to, in his own words, "settle this once and for all and find out how tall he is" by using a tailor's tape measure on the Governor.[180] Schwarzenegger retaliated by placing a pillow stitched with the words "Need a lift?" on the five-foot-five inch (165 cm) Wesson's chair before a negotiating session in his office.[181] Bob Mulholland also claimed Schwarzenegger was 5'10" (1.78 m) and that he wore risers in his boots.[182] In 1999, Men's Health magazine stated his height was 5'10".[183] Autobiography Schwarzenegger's autobiography, Total Recall, was released in October 2012. He devotes one chapter called "The Secret" to his extramarital affair. The majority of his book is about his successes in the three major chapters in his life: bodybuilder, actor, and Governor of California.[184] Vehicles Schwarzenegger was the first civilian to purchase a Humvee. He was so enamored by the vehicle that he lobbied the Humvee's manufacturer, AM General, to produce a street-legal, civilian version, which they did in 1992; the first two Hummer H1s they sold were also purchased by Schwarzenegger. In 2010, he had one regular and three running on non-fossil power sources; one for hydrogen, one for vegetable oil, and one for biodiesel.[185] Schwarzenegger was in the news in 2014 for buying a rare Bugatti Veyron
Bugatti Veyron
Grand Sport Vitesse. He was spotted and filmed in 2015 in his car, painted silver with bright aluminium forged wheels. His Bugatti has its interior adorned in dark brown leather.[186] In 2017, Schwarzenegger acquired a Mercedes G-Class modified for all-electric drive.[187] The Hummers that Schwarzenegger bought in 1992 are so large—each weighs 6,300 lb (2,900 kg) and is 7 feet (2.1 m) wide—that they are classified as large trucks, and U.S. fuel economy regulations do not apply to them. During the gubernatorial recall campaign, he announced that he would convert one of his Hummers to burn hydrogen. The conversion was reported to have cost about $21,000. After the election, he signed an executive order to jump-start the building of hydrogen refueling plants called the California
California
Hydrogen Highway Network, and gained a U.S. Department of Energy
U.S. Department of Energy
grant to help pay for its projected US$91,000,000 cost.[188] California
California
took delivery of the first H2H ( Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Hummer) in October 2004.[189] Public life

Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
in 2003

Schwarzenegger has been involved with the Special Olympics
Special Olympics
for many years after they were founded by his ex-mother-in-law, Eunice Kennedy Shriver.[190] In 2007, Schwarzenegger was the official spokesperson for the Special Olympics
Special Olympics
which were held in Shanghai, China.[191] Schwarzenegger believes that quality school opportunities should be made available to children who might not normally be able to access them.[192] In 1995, he founded the Inner City Games Foundation (ICG) which provides cultural, educational and community enrichment programming to youth. ICG is active in 15 cities around the country and serves over 250,000 children in over 400 schools countrywide.[192] He has also been involved with After-School All-Stars and founded the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
branch in 2002.[193] ASAS is an after school program provider, educating youth about health, fitness and nutrition. On February 12, 2010, Schwarzenegger took part in the Vancouver Olympic Torch relay. He handed off the flame to the next runner, Sebastian Coe.[194] Schwarzenegger had a collection of Marxist busts, which he requested from Russian friends at the end of the Soviet Union as they were being destroyed. In 2011, he revealed that his wife had requested they be removed, but he kept the one of Vladimir Lenin
Vladimir Lenin
present, since "he was the first".[195] In 2015, he said he kept the Lenin bust to "show losers".[196] Schwarzenegger is a lifelong supporter and "friend of Israel", and has participated in L.A.'s Pro-Israel rally[197] among other similar events.[198] Schwarzenegger Institute for State and Global Policy In 2012, Schwarzenegger helped to found the Schwarzenegger Institute for State and Global Policy, which is a part of the USC Sol Price School of Public Policy at the University of Southern California.[199] The Institute's mission is to "[advance] post-partisanship, where leaders put people over political parties and work together to find the best ideas and solutions to benefit the people they serve" and to "seek to influence public policy and public debate in finding solutions to the serious challenges we face".[200] Schwarzenegger serves as chairman of the Institute.[201] Global warming At a 2015 security conference, Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
called climate change the issue of our time.[202] 2016 Presidential election For the 2016 Republican Party presidential primaries, Schwarzenegger endorsed fellow Republican John Kasich.[203] However, he announced in October that he would not vote for the Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump
Donald Trump
in the that year's United States presidential election, with this being the first time he did not vote for the Republican candidate since becoming a citizen in 1983.[204][205][206] Awards and honors Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Arnold Schwarzenegger

Seven-time Mr. Olympia
Mr. Olympia
winner Four-time Mr. Universe winner 1969 World Amateur Bodybuilding
Bodybuilding
Champion 1977 Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
winner Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame International Sports Hall of Fame (class of 2012)[207] WWE Hall of Fame
WWE Hall of Fame
(class of 2015)[208] Schwarzenegger Institute for State and Global Policy (part of the USC Sol Price School of Public Policy at the University of Southern California) named in his honor.[201] Arnold's Run ski trail at Sun Valley Resort named in his honor.[209] The trail is categorized as a black diamond, or most difficult, for its terrain. "A Day for Arnold" on July 30, 2007 in Thal, Austria. For his 60th birthday the mayor sent Schwarzenegger the enameled address sign (Thal 145) of the house where Schwarzenegger was born, declaring "This belongs to him. No one here will ever be assigned that number again".[208][210] Commandeur of the French Ordre National de la Légion d'Honneur (on April 28, 2017)

Books

Schwarzenegger, Arnold (1977). Arnold: Developing a Mr. Universe Physique. Schwarzenegger.  Schwarzenegger, Arnold; Douglas Kent Hall
Douglas Kent Hall
(1977). Arnold: The Education of a Bodybuilder. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-22879-8.  Schwarzenegger, Arnold; Douglas Kent Hall
Douglas Kent Hall
(1979). Arnold's Bodyshaping for Women. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-24301-2.  Schwarzenegger, Arnold; Bill Dobbins (1981). Arnold's Bodybuilding
Bodybuilding
for Men. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-25613-5.  Schwarzenegger, Arnold; Bill Dobbins (1998). The New Encyclopedia of Modern Bodybuilding
Bodybuilding
(rev. ed.). New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-684-84374-2.  Schwarzenegger, Arnold (2012). Total Recall. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-1-84983-971-6. 

See also

California
California
portal Austria
Austria
portal Biography portal

List of U.S. state governors born outside the United States Kennedy family
Kennedy family
tree

Notes

^ Typically pronounced /ˈʃwɔːrtsənɛɡər/ in the English-speaking world.

References

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Opening Ceremonies to Feature Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger" SAE. March 10, 2009. Retrieved April 6, 2009. ^ "A New Obsession". The Global Journal. Retrieved May 3, 2012.  ^ "'Amend for Arnold' campaign launched / Web site, TV spot promote change to Constitution", John Wildermuth. San Francisco Chronicle. November 18, 2004. Retrieved February 8, 2017 ^ "Bloomberg, Schwarzenegger ponder presidential ticket", CNN. June 19, 2007. Retrieved February 8, 2017 ^ Smith, E. (October 18, 2013). "Arnold lobbies for White House
White House
run". New York Post. Retrieved October 19, 2013.  ^ a b Morgan, Kaya. "Real Life Action Hero". Millionaire Magazine. Archived from the original on December 12, 2004. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ ""Working" Out". Schwarzenegger.com. Archived from the original on May 23, 2008. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ Williams, Lance (August 10, 2003). "Schwarzenegger reveals pumped-up finances". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on March 18, 2008. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ Fleschner, Malcolm. "The Best Salesman in America?". Selling Power. Archived from the original on February 24, 2008. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ a b "Arnie's Planet Hollywood
Planet Hollywood
split". BBC. January 26, 2000. Retrieved April 1, 2012.  ^ Lieberman, Paul (January 26, 2000). "It's Hasta la Vista, Planet Hollywood". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved April 1, 2012.  ^ Weinraub, Bernard (August 17, 2003). "Schwarzenegger's Next Goal On Dogged, Ambitious Path". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 30, 2008. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ Andrea N. Browne (November 9, 2012). "7 self-made immigrant millionaires". Yahoo Canada. Retrieved November 17, 2012.  ^ "The foundation for taxpayer and consumer rights is in the wrong in its junk fax lawsuit where it falsely blames Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
for faxes sent to promote a restaurant he doesn't own". Schwarzenegger.com. Archived from the original on May 23, 2008. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ Williams, Lance (August 17, 2003). "Schwarzenegger worth $100 million, experts say". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on March 28, 2008. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ "Arnold and Maria's Surprise Split: How Much is at Stake in Divorce?". Extratv.warnerbros.com. May 10, 2011. Retrieved October 9, 2011.  ^ Fleming, Charles (1999). High concept: Don Simpson and the Hollywood Culture of Excess. Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-0-7475-4262-9.  ^ Takahashi, Dean (November 11, 2015). " Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
stars in Machine Zone's modern warfare game Mobile Strike (updated)". VentureBeat. Retrieved October 17, 2016.  ^ a b "Arnie's ex-girlfriend pens memoir". BBC. September 9, 2003. Archived from the original on April 22, 2008. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ Williams, Lance (September 15, 2003). "Actor's old flame says he's a great guy". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved April 19, 2007.  ^ a b c d Elsworth, Catherine (September 14, 2006). "Arnie puts his weight behind ex-lover's tell-all memoir". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ "Maria Owings Shriver Wed To Arnold Schwarzenegger". The New York Times. April 27, 1986. Archived from the original on May 28, 2008. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ Pace, Eric (July 24, 1991). "Chronicle". The New York Times. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ Brozan, Nadine (September 21, 1993). "Chronicle". The New York Times. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ Brozan, Nadine (September 30, 1997). "Chronicle". The New York Times. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ Schiffman, Betsy (June 27, 2003). "Next Stop – Governor's Mansion?". Forbes. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ Lacayo, Richard (August 10, 2003). "The Mind Behind the Muscles". Time. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ Dunteman, Dayna (May 2004). "Catching Up With Maria Shriver". Sacramento Magazine. Archived from the original on April 21, 2008. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ " Maria Shriver
Maria Shriver
Ends Her Silence On Husband's Campaign". NBC. September 8, 2003. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ Mark Z. Barabak (May 9, 2011). "Arnold Schwarzenegger, Maria Shriver announce separation". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times.  ^ Hendrix, Steve (May 10, 2011). " Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
and wife of 25 years, Maria Shriver, say they're separating". The Washington Post. Associated Press.  ^ Dan Whitcomb (May 10, 2011). "Arnold Schwarzenegger, wife Maria Shriver separate". Reuters.  ^ Dillon, Nancy (May 17, 2011). "Mildred 'Patty' Baena, 50, identified as the mother of Arnold Schwarzenegger's out of wedlock child: reports". Daily News. New York. Retrieved October 18, 2011.  ^ "Schwarzenegger Fathered Child With Household Staff Member". Fox. May 17, 2011.  ^ "Mildred Patricia Baena, Mother of Arnold Schwarzenegger's Out of Wedlock Child Revealed (PHOTOS)". International Business Times. Retrieved October 18, 2011.  ^ "How Maria found out: Arnie's wife reportedly confronted lover about child". The Sydney
Sydney
Morning Herald. May 20, 2011.  ^ Barabak, Mark Z.; Kim, Victoria (May 17, 2011). "Schwarzenegger fathered a with child his mistress, longtime member of the household staff". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times.  ^ Nagourney, Adam; Steinhauer, Jennifer (May 17, 2011). "Schwarzenegger Whispers Become an Admission". The New York Times.  ^ "Arnie 'Bought Home For Love Child And Mum'". Sky. Archived from the original on July 13, 2012.  ^ "Schwarzenegger's son with housekeeper born days after Shriver gave birth". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on June 17, 2011.  ^ Duke, Alan (May 19, 2011). "Arnold Schwarzenegger's two sons born days apart". CNN.  ^ Arnold Schwarzenegger: The Boy 'Started Looking Like Me' People, October 1, 2012 ^ "Schwarzenegger: I fathered a secret child". MSNBC. May 17, 2011. Retrieved October 9, 2011.  ^ "Schwarzenegger Reportedly Fired Housekeeper 4 Weeks Ago". CBS. Retrieved October 18, 2011.  ^ "Exhusband of Schwarzenegger's mistress speaks out". Daily Express. May 25, 2011. Retrieved October 9, 2011.  ^ Ex-husband of Schwarzenegger's lover plans to sue (AFP) May 29, 2011 ^ Reich, Ashley (July 8, 2011). "Schwarzenegger–Shriver Divorce: Settlement Decides Who Gets House, Kids". The Huffington Post.  ^ "Ministry of Gossip". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. July 27, 2011. Retrieved October 18, 2011.  ^ chen, joyce. " Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
and Maria Shriver
Maria Shriver
are house-hunting for their kids". Architectural digest. Retrieved June 1, 2017.  ^ a b Zervos, Cassie (June 4, 2011). "Love rat Arnold Schwarzenegger cheated on me: Brigitte Nielsen". Herald Sun. Australia. Retrieved October 9, 2011.  ^ Schwarzenegger, Arnold. "IamArnold. AMA 2.0". Reddit. Retrieved January 21, 2014.  ^ Lim, Kenneth (August 28, 2015). "Arnold Schwarzenegger's 'Terminator Genisys' Rakes in $37.9 Million in China After Two Days of Screening". The Inquisitr News. Retrieved June 29, 2017.  ^ "Surgery Leaves Star Undimmed". The Free Library. Farlex. April 18, 1997. Retrieved July 29, 2008.  ^ Starnes, Dr. Vaughn A. (March 8, 2001). "Renowned Cardiac Surgeon Proclaims Medical "Facts" In Article "Represent No Facts At All"". Archived from the original on May 23, 2008. Retrieved March 3, 2009.  ^ "Schwarzenegger Has Elective Heart Surgery". The New York Times. April 18, 1997. Archived from the original on May 30, 2008. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ "'I'm back': Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
in stable condition after heart surgery". Sky News. March 30, 2018. Retrieved March 30, 2018.  ^ "Schwarzenegger, son get in motorcycle accident". USA Today. Associated Press. January 9, 2006. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ "Schwarzenegger helped swimmer in Maui, according to his office". USA Today. April 12, 2004. Retrieved January 22, 2015.  ^ "No Charges Against Schwarzenegger". MSNBC. Retrieved July 13, 2008.  ^ Navarro, Mireya (July 7, 2006). "Schwarzenegger Finally Gets a License". The New York Times. Retrieved February 2, 2011.  ^ "Calif. Gov. Schwarzenegger Breaks Leg in Skiing Accident in Idaho". Fox News Channel. Associated Press. December 24, 2006. Archived from the original on April 14, 2008. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ "Schwarzenegger cleared to resume duties after surgery". Los Angeles Times. December 26, 2006.  ^ Santa Cruz, Nicole (June 19, 2009). "Governor's plane makes emergency landing in Van Nuys". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Archived from the original on June 23, 2009. Retrieved June 20, 2009.  ^ " Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
Height, Schwarzenegger's". celebheights.com. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ "Schwarzenegger Measured". ArnoldHeight. Archived from the original on October 7, 2011. Retrieved October 18, 2011.  ^ Andrews, N: "True Myths: The life and times of Arnold Schwarzenegger," page 157. Bloomsbury, 2003 ^ Miner, Michael (September 23, 2003). "Poor Recall". Chicago Reader. Archived from the original on April 23, 2008. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ Salladay, Robert (October 23, 2003). "Incoming governor's mantra: 'Action'". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on March 28, 2008. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ Weintraub, Daniel. "Schwarzenegger Blinked" (PDF). National Conference of State Legislators. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 5, 2012. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ " The Governator
The Governator
II: At first it seemed like a bad joke". Arnoldwatch.org. October 7, 2004. Retrieved March 8, 2010.  ^ Mathews, Jay (August 3, 1999). "The Shrinking Field". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 23, 2012.  ^ " Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
talks scandal, new book with '60 Minutes'". Abclocal.go.com. September 28, 2012. Retrieved January 22, 2015.  ^ "The Hummer and Schwarzenegger: They probably won't be back". February 28, 2010. Retrieved October 4, 2015.  ^ "Terminator acelera no seu Bugatti Veyron". Retrieved August 11, 2015.  ^ Lambert, Fred (January 23, 2017). " Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
will now drive a new custom all-electric Mercedes G-Class made by Kreisel Electric". Electrek. Retrieved January 23, 2017.  ^ "Thanks to Arnold, California
California
to Pave the Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Highway". BMW World. Archived from the original on March 16, 2008. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ Wickell, Dale. "HUMMER H2H Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Powered Experimental Vehicle". About.com. Retrieved April 18, 2008.  ^ " Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
Charity: Special
Special
Olympics, After-School All-Stars". Forbes. Retrieved March 22, 2012.  ^ " Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
Charity Work, Events and Causes". Retrieved March 22, 2012.  ^ a b "Board of Directors". Archived from the original on March 15, 2012. Retrieved March 22, 2012.  ^ "After-School All-Stars, Los Angeles". Archived from the original on March 5, 2012. Retrieved March 22, 2012.  ^ "How Vancouver almost lost the 2010 Olympics  – Vancouver 2010 Olympics". Toronto Star. Toronto. February 12, 2010. Retrieved March 8, 2010.  ^ "Schwarzenegger gives up Soviet statue collection", WENN. NewsHub. March 4, 2011. Retrieved February 8, 2017 ^ "The Unkillable Arnold Schwarzenegger", Jonah Weiner. Rolling Stone. May 7, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2017 ^ "Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
at L.A.'s Pro-Israel rally". Retrieved December 28, 2013.  ^ Benhorin, Yitzhak. "Schwarzenegger: I love Israel". Ynet. Retrieved December 28, 2013.  ^ "USC Schwarzenegger Institute for State and Global Policy Politics & Issues – Arnold Schwarzenegger". Schwarzenegger.com. Retrieved January 22, 2015.  ^ "About the Institute USC Schwarzenegger Institute for State and Global Policy". Schwarzenegger.usc.edu. Retrieved January 22, 2015.  ^ a b "Leadership USC Schwarzenegger Institute for State and Global Policy". Schwarzenegger.usc.edu. Retrieved January 22, 2015.  ^ "Schwarzenegger: Climate change is 'the issue of our time'". MSNBC. 2015.  ^ "Schwarzenegger calls Kasich the 'Terminator'". New Hampshire Union Leader. Archived from the original on February 15, 2016.  ^ "Arnold Schwartzenegger Will Not Be Voting For Donald Trump". PEOPLE.com. October 8, 2016. Retrieved October 9, 2016.  ^ "'I want to punch him': De Niro launches scathing attack on Trump". ABC News. October 9, 2016. Retrieved October 9, 2016.  ^ "Schwarzenegger, McCain, More Drop Support of Trump". Us Weekly. Retrieved October 9, 2016.  ^ "International Sports Hall of Fame". Retrieved March 13, 2017.  ^ a b "Schwarzenegger's WWE
WWE
HOF bio". WWE. Retrieved January 28, 2015.  ^ "And … here's Arnold's Run". Retrieved July 13, 2008. [permanent dead link] ^ "Strudel, schnitzel shower Schwarzenegger at 60th birthday bash". USA Today. Associated Press. July 30, 2007. Retrieved April 18, 2008. 

Further reading

Andrews, Nigel (2003). True Myths: The Life and Times of Arnold Schwarzenegger: From Pumping Iron
Pumping Iron
to Governor of California
Governor of California
(rev. ed.). New York: Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-1-58234-465-2.  Baker, Todd (director) (November 11, 1999). Arnold Schwarzenegger: Hollywood Hero (Television production (special)).  Blitz, Michael; Louise Krasniewicz (2004). Why Arnold Matters: The Rise of a Cultural Icon. New York: Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-03752-0.  Borowitz, Andy (2004). Governor Arnold: A Photodiary of His First 100 Days in Office. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7432-6266-8.  Brandon, Karen (2004). Arnold Schwarzenegger. San Diego: Lucent Books. ISBN 978-1-59018-539-1.  Saunders, Dave (2008). "Arnie": Schwarzenegger and the Movies. London: I. B. Tauris.  Sexton, Colleen A. (2005). Arnold Schwarzenegger. Minneapolis: Lerner Publications. ISBN 978-0-8225-1634-7.  Zannos, Susan (2000). Arnold Schwarzenegger. Childs, Md.: Mitchell Lane. ISBN 978-1-883845-95-7. 

External links

Find more aboutArnold Schwarzeneggerat's sister projects

Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Data from Wikidata

Official website Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
at Encyclopædia Britannica Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
Museum Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
on WWE.com Appearances on C-SPAN Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
on IMDb Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
at the TCM Movie Database Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
at Box Office Mojo Schwarzenegger competing in Mr. Universe (1969) from British Pathé at YouTube

Party political offices

Preceded by Bill Simon Republican nominee for Governor of California 2006 Succeeded by Meg Whitman

Political offices

Preceded by Gray Davis Governor of California 2003–2011 Succeeded by Jerry Brown

v t e

Arnold Schwarzenegger

Bodybuilding
Bodybuilding
career

Mr. Olympia

Acting career

Filmography Awards

Political career

California
California
gubernatorial recall election California
California
gubernatorial election, 2006 Tenure as Governor of California Girlie men

Business career

Planet Hollywood

Family

Gustav Schwarzenegger (father) Maria Shriver
Maria Shriver
(wife) Katherine Schwarzenegger
Katherine Schwarzenegger
(daughter) Patrick Schwarzenegger
Patrick Schwarzenegger
(son)

See also: Arnold Classic Arnold Sports Festival Agra schwarzeneggeri Richardson v Schwarzenegger

v t e

Governors of California

Colony (1769–1822)

Capt. Portolà Col. Fages Capt. Rivera Capt-Gen. de Neve Col. Fages Capt. Roméu Capt. Arrillaga Col. Bórica Lt. Col. Alberní Capt. Arrillaga Capt. J. Argüello Don Solá

Territory (1822–36)

Capt. L. Argüello Lt. Col. Echeandía Gen. Victoria Don P. Pico Lt. Col. Echeandía Brig. Gen. Figueroa Lt. Col. Castro Lt. Col. Gutiérrez Col. Chico Lt. Col. Gutiérrez

Sovereignty (1836–46)

Pres. Castro Pres. Alvarado · Uncle Carrillo (rival) Brig. Gen. Micheltorena Don P. Pico

Republic (1846–50)

Cdre. Sloat Cdre. Stockton · Gen. Flores (rival) Gen. Kearny · Maj. Frémont (mutineer) Gen. Mason Gen. Smith Gen. Riley Burnett (from 1849)

U.S. State (since 1850)

Burnett McDougal Bigler J. Johnson Weller Latham Downey Stanford Low Haight Booth Pacheco Irwin Perkins Stoneman Bartlett Waterman Markham Budd Gage Pardee Gillett H. Johnson Stephens Richardson Young Rolph Merriam Olson Warren Knight P. Brown Reagan J. Brown Deukmejian Wilson Davis Schwarzenegger J. Brown

Before 1850 After 1850 After 1850 by age

v t e

Kennedy family

I.

P. J. Kennedy
P. J. Kennedy
(1858–1929)

Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.

II.

Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
(1888–1969) Rose Kennedy
Rose Kennedy
(1890–1995)

Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
(m.) Jacqueline Bouvier Rosemary Kennedy Kathleen Kennedy (m.) William Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington Eunice Kennedy (m.) Sargent Shriver Patricia Kennedy (m./div.) Peter Lawford Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
(m.) Ethel Kennedy Jean Kennedy (m.) Stephen Edward Smith Edward M. "Ted" Kennedy (m./div. 1st) Joan Bennett; (m. 2nd) Victoria Reggie

III.

John Fitzgerald Kennedy (1917–1963)

Caroline Kennedy
Caroline Kennedy
(m.) Edwin Schlossberg John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Jr. (m.) Carolyn Bessette Patrick Bouvier Kennedy

Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
(1921–2009)

Bobby Shriver Maria Shriver
Maria Shriver
(m./div.) Arnold Schwarzenegger Timothy Shriver Mark Shriver Anthony Shriver

Patricia Kennedy Lawford
Patricia Kennedy Lawford
(1924–2006)

Christopher Lawford

Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
(1925–1968)

Kathleen Kennedy Townsend Joseph P. Kennedy II Robert F. Kennedy Jr. (m.) Cheryl Hines David A. Kennedy Courtney Kennedy Hill Michael LeMoyne Kennedy Kerry Kennedy
Kerry Kennedy
(m./div.) Andrew Cuomo Christopher G. Kennedy Max Kennedy Douglas Harriman Kennedy Rory Kennedy

Jean Kennedy Smith
Jean Kennedy Smith
(born 1928)

William Kennedy Smith

Ted Kennedy
Ted Kennedy
(1932–2009)

Kara Kennedy Edward M. Kennedy Jr. Patrick J. Kennedy

V.

Rose Schlossberg Tatiana Schlossberg Jack Schlossberg Katherine Schwarzenegger Patrick Schwarzenegger Joseph P. Kennedy III

Related topics

Hickory Hill Kennedy Compound Kennedy curse Merchandise Mart The Kennedys (museum)

Category

Kennedy family

m. = married; div. = divorced; sep. = separated.

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for New Star of the Year – Actor

Richard Widmark
Richard Widmark
(1948) Richard Todd, Gene Nelson
Gene Nelson
(1950) Kevin McCarthy (1952) Richard Burton
Richard Burton
(1953) Richard Egan, Steve Forrest, Hugh O'Brian
Hugh O'Brian
(1954) Joe Adams, George Nader, Jeff Richards (1955) Russ Tamblyn, Ray Danton
Ray Danton
(1956) Anthony Perkins, Paul Newman, John Kerr (1957) James Garner, Patrick Wayne, John Saxon
John Saxon
(1958) John Gavin, Efrem Zimbalist, Jr., Bradford Dillman
Bradford Dillman
(1959) George Hamilton, James Shigeta, Barry Coe, Troy Donahue
Troy Donahue
(1960) Michael Callan, Brett Halsey, Mark Damon
Mark Damon
(1961) Bobby Darin, Warren Beatty, Richard Beymer
Richard Beymer
(1962) Terence Stamp, Keir Dullea, Peter O'Toole, Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
(1963) Stathis Giallelis, Robert Walker (actor, born 1940), Albert Finney (1964) George Segal, Topol, Harve Presnell (1965) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1966) James Farentino
James Farentino
(1967) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1968) Leonard Whiting (1969) Jon Voight
Jon Voight
(1970) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
(1971) Desi Arnaz, Jr.
Desi Arnaz, Jr.
(1972) Edward Albert
Edward Albert
(1973) Paul Le Mat (1974) Joseph Bottoms (1975) Brad Dourif
Brad Dourif
(1976) Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
(1977) Brad Davis (1979) Rick Schroder
Rick Schroder
(1980) Timothy Hutton
Timothy Hutton
(1981) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
(1983)

v t e

MTV Movie Award for Best Actor in a Movie

Best Male Performance

Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
(1992) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(1993) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(1994) Brad Pitt
Brad Pitt
(1995) Jim Carrey
Jim Carrey
(1996) Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
(1997) Leonardo DiCaprio
Leonardo DiCaprio
(1998) Jim Carrey
Jim Carrey
(1999) Keanu Reeves
Keanu Reeves
(2000) Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
(2001) Will Smith
Will Smith
(2002) Eminem
Eminem
(2003) Johnny Depp
Johnny Depp
(2004) Leonardo DiCaprio
Leonardo DiCaprio
(2005) Will Smith
Will Smith
(2008) Zac Efron
Zac Efron
(2009) Robert Pattinson
Robert Pattinson
(2010) Robert Pattinson
Robert Pattinson
(2011) Josh Hutcherson
Josh Hutcherson
(2012) Bradley Cooper
Bradley Cooper
(2013) Josh Hutcherson
Josh Hutcherson
(2014) Bradley Cooper
Bradley Cooper
(2015) Leonardo DiCaprio
Leonardo DiCaprio
(2016)

Best Female Performance

Linda Hamilton
Linda Hamilton
(1992) Sharon Stone
Sharon Stone
(1993) Janet Jackson
Janet Jackson
(1994) Sandra Bullock
Sandra Bullock
(1995) Alicia Silverstone
Alicia Silverstone
(1996) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(1997) Neve Campbell
Neve Campbell
(1998) Cameron Diaz
Cameron Diaz
(1999) Sarah Michelle Gellar
Sarah Michelle Gellar
(2000) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(2001) Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
(2002) Kirsten Dunst
Kirsten Dunst
(2003) Uma Thurman
Uma Thurman
(2004) Lindsay Lohan
Lindsay Lohan
(2005) Ellen Page
Ellen Page
(2008) Kristen Stewart
Kristen Stewart
(2009) Kristen Stewart
Kristen Stewart
(2010) Kristen Stewart
Kristen Stewart
(2011) Jennifer Lawrence
Jennifer Lawrence
(2012) Jennifer Lawrence
Jennifer Lawrence
(2013) Jennifer Lawrence
Jennifer Lawrence
(2014) Shailene Woodley
Shailene Woodley
(2015) Charlize Theron
Charlize Theron
(2016)

Best Performance

Jake Gyllenhaal
Jake Gyllenhaal
(2006) Johnny Depp
Johnny Depp
(2007) Emma Watson
Emma Watson
(2017)

v t e

The Life Career Award

Fritz Lang
Fritz Lang
(1976) Samuel Z. Arkoff (1977) Christopher Lee
Christopher Lee
(1979) Gene Roddenberry
Gene Roddenberry
(1980) William Shatner
William Shatner
(1980) John Agar
John Agar
(1981) Ray Harryhausen
Ray Harryhausen
(1982) Martin B. Cohen (1983) Vincent Price
Vincent Price
(1986) Leonard Nimoy
Leonard Nimoy
(1987) Roger Corman
Roger Corman
(1988) Ray Walston
Ray Walston
(1990) Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
(1992) David Lynch
David Lynch
(1993) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1994) Steve Reeves
Steve Reeves
(1994) Whit Bissell
Whit Bissell
(1994) Joel Silver
Joel Silver
(1995) Richard Fleischer
Richard Fleischer
(1995) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1995) Wes Craven
Wes Craven
(1995) Albert R. Broccoli
Albert R. Broccoli
(1996) Edward R. Pressman (1996) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(1996) Dino De Laurentiis
Dino De Laurentiis
(1997) John Frankenheimer
John Frankenheimer
(1997) Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
(1997) James Coburn
James Coburn
(1998) James Karen (1998) Michael Crichton
Michael Crichton
(1998) Nathan H. Juran (1999) Dick Van Dyke
Dick Van Dyke
(2000) George Barris (2000) Brian Grazer
Brian Grazer
(2001) Robert Englund
Robert Englund
(2001) Drew Struzan
Drew Struzan
(2002) Stan Lee
Stan Lee
(2002) Kurt Russell
Kurt Russell
(2003) Sid and Marty Krofft
Sid and Marty Krofft
(2003) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(2004) Stephen J. Cannell (2005) Thomas Rothman (2005) Robert Halmi (2008) Lance Henriksen
Lance Henriksen
(2009) Irvin Kershner
Irvin Kershner
(2010) Bert Gordon
Bert Gordon
(2011) Michael Biehn
Michael Biehn
(2011) Frank Oz
Frank Oz
(2012) James Remar
James Remar
(2012) Jonathan Frakes
Jonathan Frakes
(2013) Malcolm McDowell
Malcolm McDowell
(2014) Nichelle Nichols
Nichelle Nichols
(2016) Lee Majors
Lee Majors
(2017)

v t e

Mr. Olympia
Mr. Olympia
winners

Scott

1965 1966

Oliva

1967 1968 1969

Schwarzenegger

1970 1971 1972 1973

1974: (Overall: Schwarzenegger) (LW: Columbu) (HW: Schwarzenegger) 1975: (Overall: Schwarzenegger) (LW: Columbu) (HW: Schwarzenegger) 1976: (Overall: Columbu) (LW: Columbu) (HW: Waller) 1977: (Overall: Zane) (HW: Robinson) (LW: Zane) 1978: (Overall: Zane) (HW: Robinson) (LW: Zane) 1979: (Overall: Zane) (HW: Mentzer) (LW: Zane) Schwarzenegger (1980) Columbu (1981) Dickerson (1982) Bannout (1983) Haney

1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991

Yates

1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997

Coleman

1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

Cutler

2006 2007

Jackson (2008) Cutler

2009 2010

Heath

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

v t e

Laureus Sport for Good Award

2000s

2000: Eunice Kennedy Shriver 2001: Kip Keino 2002: Peter Blake 2003: Arnold Schwarzenegger 2004: India and Pakistan men's cricket teams & Mathare Youth Sports Association 2005: Gerry Storey 2006: Jürgen Griesbeck 2007: Luke Dowdney 2008: Brendan and Sean Tuohey 2009: Award not given

2010s

2010: Dikembe Mutombo 2011: May El-Khalil 2012: Raí 2013: Award not given 2014: Magic Bus 2015: Skateistan 2016: Moving the Goalposts 2017: Waves for Change 2018: Active Communities Network

v t e

WWE Hall of Fame
WWE Hall of Fame
Inductees

1990s

Class of 1993

André the Giant

Class of 1994

Arnold Skaaland Bobo Brazil Buddy Rogers Chief Jay Strongbow Freddie Blassie Gorilla Monsoon James Dudley

Class of 1995

Antonino Rocca Ernie Ladd The Fabulous Moolah George Steele The Grand Wizard Ivan Putski Pedro Morales

Class of 1996

Jimmy Snuka Johnny Rodz Killer Kowalski Lou Albano Mikel Scicluna Pat Patterson The Valiant Brothers

Jimmy Valiant Johnny Valiant

Vincent J. McMahon

2000s

Class of 2004

Big John Studd Superstar Billy Graham Bobby Heenan Don Muraco Greg Valentine Harley Race Jesse Ventura Junkyard Dog Pete Rose Sgt. Slaughter Tito Santana

Class of 2005

Bob Orton Jr. Hulk Hogan The Iron Sheik Jimmy Hart Nikolai Volkoff Paul Orndorff Roddy Piper

Class of 2006

The Blackjacks

Blackjack Mulligan Blackjack Lanza

Bret Hart Eddie Guerrero Gene Okerlund Sensational Sherri Tony Atlas Verne Gagne William Perry

Class of 2007

Dusty Rhodes Jerry Lawler Jim Ross Mr. Fuji Mr. Perfect Nick Bockwinkel The Sheik The Wild Samoans

Afa Anoaʻi Sika Anoa'i

Class of 2008

The Brisco Brothers

Gerald Brisco Jack Brisco

Eddie Graham Gordon Solie Mae Young Peter Maivia Ric Flair Rocky Johnson

Class of 2009

Bill Watts The Funk Brothers

Terry Funk Dory Funk Jr.

Howard Finkel Koko B. Ware Ricky Steamboat Stone Cold Steve Austin The Von Erich Family

Chris Von Erich David Von Erich Fritz Von Erich Kerry Von Erich Kevin Von Erich Mike Von Erich

2010s

Class of 2010

Antonio Inoki Bob Uecker Gorgeous George Mad Dog Vachon Stu Hart Ted DiBiase Wendi Richter

Class of 2011

Abdullah the Butcher Bob Armstrong Drew Carey Jim Duggan The Road Warriors

Road Warrior Hawk Road Warrior Animal Paul Ellering

Shawn Michaels Sunny

Class of 2012

Edge The Four Horsemen

Arn Anderson Barry Windham J.J. Dillon Ric Flair Tully Blanchard

Mil Máscaras Mike Tyson Ron Simmons Yokozuna

Class of 2013

Bob Backlund Booker T Bruno Sammartino Donald Trump Mick Foley Trish Stratus

Class of 2014

Carlos Colón Jake "The Snake" Roberts Lita Mr. T Paul Bearer Razor Ramon The Ultimate Warrior

Class of 2015

Alundra Blayze Arnold Schwarzenegger The Bushwhackers

Butch Miller Luke Williams

Connor Michalek Kevin Nash Larry Zbyszko Randy Savage Rikishi Tatsumi Fujinami

Class of 2016

Big Boss Man Ed Lewis The Fabulous Freebirds

Michael Hayes Buddy Roberts Jimmy Garvin Terry Gordy

Frank Gotch George Hackenschmidt The Godfather Jacqueline Joan Lunden Lou Thesz Mildred Burke Pat O'Connor Sailor Art Thomas Snoop Dogg Stan Hansen Sting

Class of 2017

Beth Phoenix Bearcat Wright Diamond Dallas Page Dr. Jerry Graham Eric LeGrand Haystacks Calhoun Judy Grable June Byers Kurt Angle Luther Lindsay Martin Burns Rick Rude Rikidōzan The Rock 'n' Roll Express

Ricky Morton Robert Gibson

Theodore Long Toots Mondt

Class of 2018

The Dudley Boyz

Bubba Ray Dudley D-Von Dudley

Goldberg Hillbilly Jim Ivory Jeff Jarrett Kid Rock Mark Henry

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 64196027 LCCN: n79085101 ISNI: 0000 0001 2136 715X GND: 118763040 SELIBR: 356967 SUDOC: 029000483 BNF: cb13941991t (data) BIBSYS: 90851780 ULAN: 500330925 MusicBrainz: 221baa3f-7f79-4047-9a14-a6b49eacf6c0 NDL: 00619386 ICCU: ITICCURAVV88740 BNE: XX974740 SN

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