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Army Group North (German: Heeresgruppe Nord) was a German strategic echelon formation, commanding a grouping of field armies during World War II. The army group was subordinated to the Oberkommando des Heeres (OKH), the German army high command, and coordinated the operations of attached separate army corps, reserve formations, rear services and logistics, including the Army Group North Rear Area.

Contents

1 Operational history

1.1 Invasion of Poland 1.2 Invasion of the Soviet Union

1.2.1 The Baltic offensive operation 1.2.2 Northern Russia
Northern Russia
offensive operation

1.3 Northern Russia
Northern Russia
defensive campaign 1.4 Baltic defensive campaign 1.5 Campaign in East Prussia 1.6 Campaign in West Prussia

2 See also 3 Notes and references 4 Bibliography

Operational history[edit] The Army Group North was created on the 2 September 1939 by reorganization of the 2nd Army Headquarters. Commander in Chief as of 27 August 1939 was Field Marshal Fedor von Bock. Invasion of Poland[edit] The first employment of Army Group North was in the invasion of Poland of 1939, where in September it controlled:

3rd Army 4th Army a reserve of four divisions

10th Panzer Division 73rd Infantry Division 206th Infantry Division 208th Infantry Division.

The Army Group was commanded by Fedor von Bock
Fedor von Bock
for the operation. After the end of the campaign, it was transferred to the Western Theatre and on the 10 October 1939 was renamed as the Army Group B, and consisted of:

6th Army 4th Army

Invasion of the Soviet Union[edit] In preparation for Operation Barbarossa, Army Group North was reformed from Army Group C on 22 June 1941. Army Group North was commanded by Field Marshal Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb[1] and staged in East Prussia. Its strategic goal was Leningrad, with operational objectives being the territories of the Baltic republics
Baltic republics
and securing the northern flank of Army Group Centre in Northern Russia
Northern Russia
between Western Dvina River and Daugavpils-Kholm Army Group boundary. On commencement of the Wehrmacht's Baltic offensive operation the army group deployed into Lithuania and northern Belorussia. It served mainly in Baltic territories and north Russia until 1944. Commander in Chief 22 June 1941: Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb. Its subordinate armies were deployed with the following immediate objectives:

18th Army - from Koenigsberg to Ventspils - Jelgava 4th Panzer Group
4th Panzer Group
- Pskov 16th Army - Kaunas, Daugavpils Army Group troops

Army-Group signals regiment 537 Army-Group signals regiment 639 (2nd echelon)

The Baltic offensive operation[edit] All operational objectives such as Tallinn were achieved despite stubborn Red Army resistance and several unsuccessful counter-offensives such as the Battle of Raseiniai, and the army group approached Leningrad, commencing the Siege of Leningrad. However, while the Baltic states were overrun, the Siege of Leningrad
Leningrad
continued until 1944, when it was lifted as a result of the Red Army Leningrad-Novgorod strategic offensive operation. In September 1941, the Spanish Blue Division
Blue Division
was assigned to Army Group North. Northern Russia
Northern Russia
offensive operation[edit] Composition: October 1941

16th Army 18th Army

Nevsky Pyatachok Operation Nordlicht Northern Russia
Northern Russia
defensive campaign[edit] Commander in Chief 17 January 1942: GFM Georg von Küchler Composition: September 1942

11th Army 16th Army 18th Army

December 1942

16th Army 18th Army

Demyansk Pocket Kholm Pocket Soviet Toropets-Kholm Operation Battle of Velikiye Luki Battle of Krasny Bor Baltic defensive campaign[edit] Commander in Chief 9 January 1944: Field marshal Walter Model Commander in Chief 31 March 1944: Generaloberst Georg Lindemann Commander in Chief 4 July 1944: Generaloberst Johannes Frießner Commander in Chief 23 July 1944: GFM Ferdinand Schörner March 1944

Army detachment "Narwa" 16th Army 18th Army

Battle of Narva, consisting of:

Battle for Narva Bridgehead
Battle for Narva Bridgehead
and Battle of Tannenberg Line

Combat in South Estonia, 1944 Soviet Baltic Offensive Battle of Porkuni Battle of Vilnius (1944) Battle of Memel After becoming trapped in the Courland Cauldron after 25 January 1945, the Army Group was renamed Army Group Courland. On the same day, in East Prussia, a new Army Group North was created by renaming Army Group Center. On the 2 April 1945, the army group was dissolved, and the staff formed the 12th Army headquarters. Campaign in East Prussia[edit] Army Group North (old Army Group Centre), was driven into an ever smaller pocket around Königsberg in East Prussia. On April 9, 1945 Königsberg finally fell to the Red Army, although remnants of Army Group units continued to resist on the Heiligenbeil & Danzig beachheads until the end of the war in Europe. October 1944

16th Army Armee-Abteilung Grasser 18th Army

November 1944

16th Army Armee-Abteilung Kleffel 18 Armee

December 1944

16th Army 18th Army

Soviet East Prussian Offensive Battle of Königsberg Heiligenbeil pocket Campaign in West Prussia[edit] Commander in Chief 27 January 1945: Generaloberst Dr. Lothar Rendulic Commander in Chief 12 March 1945: Walter Weiss Composition: February 1945

Armee-Abteilung Samland 4th Army

Soviet East Pomeranian Offensive Battle of Kolberg Courland Pocket On the 25 January 1945 Hitler renamed three army groups. Army Group North became Army Group Courland, more appropriate as it had been isolated from Army Group Centre and was trapped in Courland, Latvia; Army Group Centre became Army Group North and Army Group A became Army Group Centre. See also[edit]

German order of battle for Operation Fall Weiss Police Regiment North

Notes and references[edit]

^ Kirchubel, Robert (2012). Operation Barbarossa
Operation Barbarossa
1941 (2): Army Group North. Osprey. p. 18. 

Bibliography[edit]

Frieser, Karl-Heinz; Schmider, Klaus; Schönherr, Klaus; Schreiber, Gerhard; Ungváry, Kristián; Wegner, Bernd (2007). Die Ostfront 1943/44 – Der Krieg im Osten und an den Nebenfronten [The Eastern Front 1943–1944: The War in the East and on the Neighbouring Fronts]. Das Deutsche Reich und der Zweite Weltkrieg
Das Deutsche Reich und der Zweite Weltkrieg
[Germany and the Second World War] (in German). VIII. München: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt. ISBN 978-3-421-06235-2. 

Army Groups of the Wehrmacht

Army Group A Army Group Africa Army Group B Army Group C Army Group D Army Group Don Army Group E Army Group F Army Group G Army Group H Army Group Courland Army Group Centre Army Group North Army Group Oberrhein Army Group Ostmark Army Group North Ukraine Army Group South Army Group South
Army Group South
Ukraine Army Group Vistula

v t e

Wehrmacht
Wehrmacht
Army Group Rear Areas during the German–Soviet War, 1941–45

Army Group Rear Area

North Centre South

Commanding organisations

Army High Command Kommandostab Reichsführer-SS Army Group North Army Group Centre Army Group South

Commanders

Erich Friderici Ludwig Kübler Franz von Roques Karl von Roques Edwin von Rothkirch Max von Schenckendorff Joachim Witthöft

Security Divisions

201st 203rd 207th 213th 221st (Police Battalion (PB) 309) 281st 285th 286th 403rd 444th 454th 707th

HSS-PF

Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski Friedrich Jeckeln Hans-Adolf Prützmann

Police and SS Detachments

Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
(PB 9) Police Regiment North Police Regiment Centre
Police Regiment Centre
(PB 307, PB 316, PB 322) Police Regiment South (PB 45, PB 303, PB 314) Police Regiment Special
Special
Purpose (PB 304, PB 315, PB 320) SS Cavalry Brigade 1st SS Infantry Brigade 2nd SS Infantry Brigade

Major crimes

Babi Yar Kamianets-Podilskyi massacre Persecution of Soviet prisoners of war

Milestones

Hitler's speech of 30 March 1941 Hunger Plan Mogilev conference Bandenbekämpfung

War crimes trials

High Command Trial Krasnodar Trial Minsk Trial Riga Trial

Related articles

The Holocaust War crimes of the Wehrmacht Myth of the clean Wehrmacht

Historiography

Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945 Hitler's War in the East 1941−1945 Hitler's Bandit Hunters: The SS and the Nazi Occupation of Europe Marching into Darkness: The Wehrmacht
Wehrmacht
and the Holocaust The Wehrmacht: History, Myth, Reality

Portals Access related topics

Military of Germany portal World W

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