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The Ark of the Covenant
Ark of the Covenant
(Hebrew: אָרוֹן הַבְּרִית‬, Modern Arōn Ha'brēt, Tiberian ʾĀrôn Habbərîṯ), also known as the Ark of the Testimony, is a gold-covered wooden chest with lid cover described in the Book of Exodus
Book of Exodus
as containing the two stone tablets of the Ten Commandments. According to various texts within the Hebrew
Hebrew
Bible, it also contained Aaron's rod
Aaron's rod
and a pot of manna.[1] Hebrews 9:4 describes: "The ark of the covenant [was] covered on all sides with gold, in which was a golden jar holding the manna, and Aaron's rod
Aaron's rod
which budded, and the tables of the covenant." The biblical account relates that, approximately one year after the Israelites' exodus from Egypt, the Ark was created according to the pattern given to Moses
Moses
by God
God
when the Israelites
Israelites
were encamped at the foot of biblical Mount Sinai. Thereafter, the gold-plated acacia chest was carried by its staves while en route by the Levites approximately 2,000 cubits (approximately 800 meters or 2,600 feet) in advance of the people when on the march or before the Israelite army, the host of fighting men.[2] When carried, the Ark was always hidden under a large veil made of skins and blue cloth, always carefully concealed, even from the eyes of the priests and the Levites who carried it. God
God
was said to have spoken with Moses
Moses
"from between the two cherubim" on the Ark's cover.[3] When at rest the tabernacle was set up and the holy Ark was placed under the veil of the covering, the staves of it crossing the middle side bars to hold it up off the ground.

Contents

1 Biblical account

1.1 Construction and description 1.2 Mobile vanguard 1.3 Capture by the Philistines 1.4 In the days of King David 1.5 In Solomon's Temple 1.6 The Babylonian Conquest and aftermath

2 References in Scripture

2.1 Tanakh 2.2 Second Book of Maccabees 2.3 The Ark in Islamic sources

3 Possible locations

3.1 Mount Nebo 3.2 Ethiopia 3.3 Southern Africa 3.4 Europe

3.4.1 Chartres Cathedral, France 3.4.2 Rennes-le-Château, then to the United States 3.4.3 Rome 3.4.4 United Kingdom 3.4.5 Ireland

3.5 Egypt

3.5.1 Tutankhamun's tomb

4 In popular culture 5 Yom HaAliyah 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

Biblical account[edit]

The covered ark and seven priests with rams' horns, at the Battle of Jericho, in an eighteenth-century artist's depiction.

Construction and description[edit] According to the Book of Exodus, God
God
instructed Moses
Moses
on Mount Sinai during his 40-day stay upon the mountain within the thick cloud and darkness where God
God
was[4][5] and he was shown the pattern for the tabernacle and furnishings of the Ark to be made of shittim wood to house the Tablets of Stone. Moses
Moses
instructed Bezalel
Bezalel
and Oholiab to construct the Ark.[6][7] In Deuteronomy, however, the Ark is said to have been built specifically by Moses
Moses
himself without reference of Bezalel
Bezalel
or Oholiab.[8] The Book of Exodus
Book of Exodus
gives detailed instructions on how the Ark is to be constructed. It is to be 2½ cubits in length, 1½ in breadth, and 1½ in height (approximately 131×79×79 cm or 52×31×31 in). Then it is to be gilded entirely with gold, and a crown or molding of gold is to be put around it. Four rings of gold are to be attached to its four corners, two on each side—and through these rings staves of shittim-wood overlaid with gold for carrying the Ark are to be inserted; and these are not to be removed.[9] A golden lid, the kapporet (traditionally "mercy seat" in Christian
Christian
translations) which is covered with 2 golden cherubim, is to be placed above the Ark. Instructions missing from the biblical account include the thickness of the mercy seat, but instruct that the cherubim cover be beaten out the ends of it and details concerning the cherubim except that they form the space that God
God
will appear. The Ark is finally to be placed under the veil of the covering. Mobile vanguard[edit]

Moses
Moses
and Joshua
Joshua
bowing before the Ark, painting by James Tissot, c. 1900

The biblical account continues that, after its creation by Moses, the Ark was carried by the Israelites
Israelites
during their 40 years of wandering in the desert. Whenever the Israelites
Israelites
camped, the Ark was placed in a separate room in a sacred tent, called the Tabernacle. When the Israelites, led by Joshua
Joshua
toward the Promised Land, arrived at the banks of the Jordan
Jordan
river, the Ark was carried in the lead preceding the people and was the signal for their advance.[10][11] During the crossing, the river grew dry as soon as the feet of the priests carrying the Ark touched its waters, and remained so until the priests—with the Ark—left the river after the people had passed over.[12][13][14][15] As memorials, twelve stones were taken from the Jordan
Jordan
at the place where the priests had stood.[16] In the Battle of Jericho, the Ark was carried round the city once a day for seven days, preceded by the armed men and seven priests sounding seven trumpets of rams' horns.[17] On the seventh day, the seven priests sounding the seven trumpets of rams' horns before the Ark compassed the city seven times and, with a great shout, Jericho's wall fell down flat and the people took the city.[18] After the defeat at Ai, Joshua
Joshua
lamented before the Ark.[19] When Joshua
Joshua
read the Law to the people between Mount Gerizim
Mount Gerizim
and Mount Ebal, they stood on each side of the Ark. We next hear of the Ark in Bethel
Bethel
where it was being cared for by the priest Phineas the grandson of Aaron
Aaron
(where 'Bethel' is translated 'the House of God' in the King James Version).[20] According to this verse it was consulted by the people of Israel
Israel
when they were planning to attack the Benjaminites at the battle of Gibeah. Later, however, the Ark was kept at Shiloh, another religious centre some 16 km north of Bethel, at the time of the prophet Samuel's apprenticeship,[21] where it was cared for by Hophni and Phinehas, two sons of Eli.[22] Capture by the Philistines[edit]

1728 illustration of the Ark at the erection of the Tabernacle
Tabernacle
and the sacred vessels, as in Exodus 40:17-19

Main article: Philistine captivity of the Ark A few years later the elders of Israel
Israel
decided to take the Ark out onto the battlefield to assist them against the Philistines, after being defeated at the battle of Eben-Ezer.[23] They were, however, heavily defeated with the loss of 30,000 men. The Ark was captured by the Philistines
Philistines
and Hophni and Phinehas
Hophni and Phinehas
were killed. The news of its capture was at once taken to Shiloh by a messenger "with his clothes rent, and with earth upon his head." The old priest, Eli, fell dead when he heard it; and his daughter-in-law, bearing a son at the time the news of the capture of the Ark was received, named him Ichabod — explained as "The glory has departed Israel" in reference to the loss of the Ark.[24] The mother of the child Ichabod died at his birth.[25] The Philistines
Philistines
took the Ark to several places in their country, and at each place misfortune befell them.[26] At Ashdod
Ashdod
it was placed in the temple of Dagon. The next morning Dagon
Dagon
was found prostrate, bowed down, before it; and on being restored to his place, he was on the following morning again found prostrate and broken. The people of Ashdod
Ashdod
were smitten with tumors; a plague of mice was sent over the land.[27] The affliction of boils was also visited upon the people of Gath and of Ekron, whither the Ark was successively removed.[28] After the Ark had been among them for seven months, the Philistines, on the advice of their diviners, returned it to the Israelites, accompanying its return with an offering consisting of golden images of the tumors and mice wherewith they had been afflicted. The Ark was set up in the field of Joshua
Joshua
the Beth-shemite, and the Beth-shemites offered sacrifices and burnt offerings.[29] Out of curiosity the men of Beth-shemesh
Beth-shemesh
gazed at the Ark; and as a punishment, seventy of them (fifty thousand and seventy in some translations) were smitten by the Lord.[30] The Bethshemites sent to Kirjath-jearim, or Baal-Judah, to have the Ark removed;[31] and it was taken to the house of Abinadab, whose son Eleazar was sanctified to keep it. Kirjath-jearim remained the abode of the Ark for twenty years. Under Saul, the Ark was with the army before he first met the Philistines, but the king was too impatient to consult it before engaging in battle. In 1 Chronicles 13:3 it is stated that the people were not accustomed to consulting the Ark in the days of Saul.[32] In the days of King David[edit]

Illustration from the 13th century Morgan Bible
Morgan Bible
of David
David
bringing the Ark into Jerusalem (2 Samuel
Samuel
6).

At the beginning of his reign over the United Monarchy, King David removed the Ark from Kirjath-jearim amid great rejoicing. On the way to Zion, Uzzah, one of the drivers of the cart that carried the Ark, put out his hand to steady the Ark, and was struck dead by God
God
for touching it. The place was subsequently named "Perez-Uzzah", literally "Outburst Against Uzzah",[33] as a result. David, in fear, carried the Ark aside into the house of Obed-edom the Gittite, instead of carrying it on to Zion, and there it stayed three months.[34][35] On hearing that God
God
had blessed Obed-edom because of the presence of the Ark in his house, David
David
had the Ark brought to Zion
Zion
by the Levites, while he himself, "girded with a linen ephod ... danced before the Lord with all his might" and in the sight of all the public gathered in Jerusalem - a performance that caused him to be scornfully rebuked by his first wife, Saul's daughter Michal.[36][37][38] In Zion, David
David
put the Ark in the tabernacle he had prepared for it, offered sacrifices, distributed food, and blessed the people and his own household.[39][40][41] The Levites were appointed to minister before the Ark.[42] David's plan of building a temple for the Ark was stopped at the advice of God.[43][44][45][46] The Ark was with the army during the siege of Rabbah;[47] and when David
David
fled from Jerusalem at the time of Absalom's conspiracy, the Ark was carried along with him until he ordered Zadok the priest to return it to Jerusalem.[48] In Solomon's Temple[edit]

The Ark carried into the Temple from the early 15th century Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry

When Abiathar was dismissed from the priesthood by King Solomon
Solomon
for having taken part in Adonijah's conspiracy against David, his life was spared because he had formerly borne the Ark.[49] Solomon
Solomon
worshipped before the Ark after his dream in which God
God
promised him wisdom.[50] During the construction of Solomon's Temple, a special inner room, named Kodesh Hakodashim
Kodesh Hakodashim
(Eng. Holy of Holies), was prepared to receive and house the Ark;[51] and when the Temple was dedicated, the Ark—containing the original tablets of the Ten Commandments—was placed therein.[52] When the priests emerged from the holy place after placing the Ark there, the Temple was filled with a cloud, "for the glory of the Lord had filled the house of the Lord".[53][54][55] When Solomon
Solomon
married Pharaoh's daughter, he caused her to dwell in a house outside Zion, as Zion
Zion
was consecrated because of its containing the Ark.[56] King Josiah
Josiah
also had the Ark returned to the Temple,[57] from which it appears to have been removed by one of his predecessors (cf. 2 Chron. 33-34 and 2 Kings 21-23). The Babylonian Conquest and aftermath[edit] In 587 BC, the Babylonians destroyed Jerusalem and Solomon's Temple. There is no record of what became of the Ark in the Books of Kings and Chronicles. An ancient Greek version of the biblical third Book of Ezra, 1 Esdras, suggests that Babylonians took away the vessels of the ark of God, but does not mention taking away the Ark:[58]

And they took all the holy vessels of the Lord, both great and small, with the vessels of the ark of God, and the king's treasures, and carried them away into Babylon

In Rabbinic literature, the final disposition of the Ark is disputed. Some rabbis hold that it must have been carried off to Babylon, while others hold that it must have been hidden lest it be carried off into Babylon
Babylon
and never brought back.[59] A late 2nd-century rabbinic work known as the Tosefta
Tosefta
states the opinions of these rabbis that Josiah, the king of Judah, stored away the Ark, along with the jar of manna, and a jar containing the holy anointing oil, the rod of Aaron
Aaron
which budded and a chest given to Israel
Israel
by the Philistines.[60] This was said to have been done in order to prevent their being carried off into Babylon
Babylon
as had already happened to the other vessels. Rabbi Eliezer and Rabbi
Rabbi
Shimon, in the same rabbinic work, state that the Ark was, in fact, taken into Babylon. Rabbi
Rabbi
Yehudah, dissenting, says that the Ark was stored away in its own place, meaning, somewhere on the Temple Mount. References in Scripture[edit] Tanakh[edit] The Ark is first mentioned in the Book of Exodus, and then numerous times in Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, I Samuel, II Samuel, I Kings, I Chronicles, II Chronicles, Psalms
Psalms
and Jeremiah. In the Book of Jeremiah, it is referenced by Jeremiah, who, speaking in the days of Josiah,[61] prophesied a future time, possibly the end of days, when the Ark will no longer be talked about or be made again:

And it shall be that when you multiply and become fruitful in the land, in those days - the word of the LORD - they will no longer say, 'The Ark of the Covenant
Ark of the Covenant
of the LORD' and it will not come to mind; they will not mention it, and will not recall it, and it will not be used any more.

Rashi
Rashi
comments on this verse that "The entire people will be so imbued with the spirit of sanctity that God's Presence will rest upon them collectively, as if the congregation itself was the Ark of the Covenant."[62] Second Book of Maccabees[edit] See also: 2 Maccabees According to Second Maccabees, at the beginning of chapter 2:[63]

The records show that it was the prophet Jeremiah
Jeremiah
who ... prompted by a divine message ... gave orders that the Tent
Tent
of Meeting and the ark should go with him. Then he went away to the mountain from the top of which Moses
Moses
saw God's promised land. When he reached the mountain, Jeremiah
Jeremiah
found a cave-dwelling; he carried the tent, the ark, and the incense-altar into it, then blocked up the entrance. Some of his companions came to mark out the way, but were unable to find it. When Jeremiah
Jeremiah
learnt of this he reprimanded them. "The place shall remain unknown", he said, "until God
God
finally gathers his people together and shows mercy to them. The Lord will bring these things to light again, and the glory of the Lord will appear with the cloud, as it was seen both in the time of Moses
Moses
and when Solomon
Solomon
prayed that the shrine might be worthily consecrated."

The "mountain from the top of which Moses
Moses
saw God's promised land" would be Mount Nebo, located in what is now Jordan. The Ark in Islamic sources[edit] Chapter 2 (Sura 2) of the Quran
Quran
(Verse 248), is believed to refer to the Ark:

And their prophet said to them, "Indeed, a sign of his kingship is that the chest (tābūt) will come to you in which is assurance (sakīnatun) from your Lord and a remnant of what the family of Moses (Mūsā) and the family of Aaron
Aaron
(Hārūn) had left, carried by the angels. Indeed in that is a sign for you, if you are believers."[64][65]

The Arabic word sakīna (variously translated "peace of reassurance" or "spirit of tranquility") is related to the post-Biblical Hebrew shekhinah, meaning "dwelling or presence of God". The Islamic scholar Al Baidawi mentioned that the sakina could be Tawrat, the Books of Moses.[66] According to Al-Jalalan, the relics in the Ark were the fragments of the two tablets, rods, robes, shoes, mitres of Moses
Moses
and the vase of manna.[66] Al-Tha'alibi, in Qisas Al-Anbiya (The Stories of the Prophets), has given an earlier and later history of the Ark. According to Uri Rubin
Uri Rubin
the Ark of the Covenant
Ark of the Covenant
has a religious basis in Islam, and Islam gives it special significance.[67] Possible locations[edit] Since its disappearance from the Biblical narrative, there has been a number of claims of having discovered or of having possession of the Ark, and several possible places have been suggested for its location. Mount Nebo[edit] 2 Maccabees
2 Maccabees
2:4-10, written around 100 BC, says that the prophet Jeremiah, "being warned by God" before the Babylonian invasion, took the Ark, the Tabernacle, and the Altar of Incense, and buried them in a cave on Mount Nebo, informing those of his followers who wished to find the place that it should remain unknown "until the time that God should gather His people again together, and receive them unto mercy."[68] Mount Nebo
Mount Nebo
is also described in the Bible ( Deuteronomy
Deuteronomy
34) as the site from which Moses
Moses
views the Promised Land, and apparently also is his final burial place. Mount Nebo
Mount Nebo
is approximately 47 km (29 miles) slightly south of due east from Jerusalem, near the east bank of the Jordan
Jordan
River. Ethiopia[edit]

The Chapel of the Tablet at the Church of Our Lady Mary of Zion
Zion
in Axum
Axum
allegedly houses the original Ark of the Covenant.

The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church
Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church
claims to possess the Ark of the Covenant, or Tabot, in Axum. The object is currently kept under guard in a treasury near the Church of Our Lady Mary of Zion. Replicas of the Axum
Axum
tabot are kept in every Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo church, each with its own dedication to a particular saint; the most popular of these include Mary, George and Michael.[69] The Kebra Nagast
Kebra Nagast
was composed to legitimise the Solomonic dynasty, which ruled the Ethiopian Empire
Ethiopian Empire
following its establishment in 1270. It narrates how the real Ark of the Covenant
Ark of the Covenant
was brought to Ethiopia by Menelik I with divine assistance, while a forgery was left in the Temple in Jerusalem. Although the Kebra Nagast
Kebra Nagast
is the best-known account of this belief, it predates the document. Abu al-Makarim, writing in the last quarter of the twelfth century, makes one early reference to this belief that they possessed the Ark. "The Abyssinians possess also the Ark of the Covenant", he wrote, and, after a description of the object, describes how the liturgy is celebrated upon the Ark four times a year, "on the feast of the great nativity, on the feast of the glorious Baptism, on the feast of the holy Resurrection, and on the feast of the illuminating Cross."[70] In his 1992 book The Sign and the Seal, British writer Graham Hancock suggests, contrary to the Kebra Nagast, that the ark spent several years in Egypt
Egypt
before it came to Ethiopia via the Nile
Nile
River, where it was kept in the islands of Lake Tana
Lake Tana
for about four hundred years and finally taken to Axum.[71] Archaeologist John Holladay of the University of Toronto
University of Toronto
called Hancock's theory "garbage and hogwash," while Edward Ullendorff, a former Professor of Ethiopian Studies at the University of London, said he "wasted a lot of time reading it."[72] On 25 June 2009, the patriarch of the Orthodox Church of Ethiopia, Abune Paulos, said he would announce to the world the next day the unveiling of the Ark of the Covenant, which he said had been kept safe and secure in a church in Axum, Ethiopia.[73] The following day, on 26 June 2009, the patriarch announced that he would not unveil the Ark after all, but that instead he could attest to its current status.[74] Southern Africa[edit] The Lemba people
Lemba people
of South Africa and Zimbabwe have claimed that their ancestors carried the Ark south, calling it the ngoma lungundu or "voice of God", eventually hiding it in a deep cave in the Dumghe mountains, their spiritual home.[75][76] On 14 April 2008, in a UK Channel 4
Channel 4
documentary, Tudor Parfitt, taking a literalist approach to the Biblical story, described his research into this claim. He says that the object described by the Lemba has attributes similar to the Ark. It was of similar size, was carried on poles by priests, was not allowed to touch the ground, was revered as a voice of their God, and was used as a weapon of great power, sweeping enemies aside.[77] In his book The Lost Ark of the Covenant
Ark of the Covenant
(2008), Parfitt also suggests that the Ark was taken to Arabia following the events depicted in the Second Book of Maccabees, and cites Arabic sources which maintain it was brought in distant times to Yemen. One Lemba clan, the Buba, which was supposed to have brought the Ark to Africa, have a genetic signature called the Cohen Modal Haplotype. This suggests a male Semitic link to the Levant. Lemba tradition maintains that the Ark spent some time in Sena in Yemen. Later, it was taken across the sea to East Africa and may have been taken inland at the time of the Great Zimbabwe civilization. According to their oral traditions, some time after the arrival of the Lemba with the Ark, it self-destructed. Using a core from the original, the Lemba priests constructed a new one. This replica was discovered in a cave by a Swedish German missionary named Harald von Sicard in the 1940s and eventually found its way to the Museum of Human Science in Harare.[76] Parfitt had this artifact radio-carbon dated to about 1350, which coincided with the sudden end of the Great Zimbabwe civilization.[78] Europe[edit] Chartres Cathedral, France[edit] French author Louis Charpentier claimed that the Ark was taken to the Chartres Cathedral
Chartres Cathedral
by the Knights Templar.[79][80] Rennes-le-Château, then to the United States[edit] One author has theorised that the Ark was taken from Jerusalem to the village of Rennes-le-Château
Rennes-le-Château
in Southern France. Karen Ralls has cited Freemason Patrick Byrne, who believes the Ark was moved from Rennes-le-Château
Rennes-le-Château
at the outbreak of World War I to the United States.[81] Rome[edit] The Ark of the Covenant
Ark of the Covenant
was said to have been kept in the Basilica of St. John Lateran, surviving the pillages of Rome by Genseric
Genseric
and Alaric I
Alaric I
but lost when the basilica burned.[82][83] " Rabbi
Rabbi
Eliezer ben José stated that he saw in Rome the mercy-seat of the temple. There was a bloodstain on it. On inquiry he was told that it was a stain from the blood which the high priest sprinkled thereon on the Day of Atonement."[84] United Kingdom[edit] In 2003, author Graham Phillips hypothetically concluded that the Ark was taken to Mount Sinai
Mount Sinai
in the Valley of Edom
Edom
by the Maccabees. Phillips claims it remained there until the 1180s, when Ralph de Sudeley, the leader of the Templars found the Maccabean treasure at Jebel al-Madhbah, and returned home to his estate at Herdewyke in Warwickshire, England
Warwickshire, England
taking the treasure with him.[85] Ireland[edit] During the turn of the 20th century British Israelites
Israelites
carried out some excavations of the Hill of Tara
Hill of Tara
in Ireland looking for the Ark of the Covenant—the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland campaigned successfully to have them stopped before they destroyed the hill.[86] Egypt[edit] Tutankhamun's tomb[edit] Main article: Exhibitions of artifacts from the tomb of Tutankhamun

1922 photograph of the tomb of Tutankhamun. Photograph by Harry Burton (1879-1940)

In 1922 in the Valley of the Kings
Valley of the Kings
in Egypt, the royal tomb of the Pharaoh
Pharaoh
Tutankhamun
Tutankhamun
(KV62) was opened by Howard Carter
Howard Carter
and Lord Carnarvon. Among the artifacts was a processional ark, listed as Shrine 261, the Anubis Shrine. Almost immediately after publication of the photographs[87] of this sensational archaeological find, some claimed that the Anubis Shrine
Anubis Shrine
could be the Ark of the Covenant. John M. Lundquist, author of The Temple of Jerusalem: Past, Present, and Future (2008), discounts this idea. The Anubis Shrine
Anubis Shrine
measures 95 centimetres (37 in) long, 37 centimetres (15 in) wide, and 54.3 centimetres (21.4 in) high in the shape of a pylon. The Biblical Ark of the Covenant
Ark of the Covenant
is approximately 133 centimetres (52 in) long, 80 centimetres (31 in) wide, and 80 centimetres (31 in) high in the shape of a rectangular chest. Lundquist observes that the Anubis Shrine
Anubis Shrine
is not strictly analogous to the Ark of the Covenant; it can only be said that the it is "ark-like", constructed of wood, gessoed and gilded, stored within a sacred tomb, "guarding" the treasury of the tomb (and not the primary focus of that environment), that it contains compartments within it that store and hold sacred objects, that it has a figure of Anubis on its lid, and that it was carried by two staves permanently inserted into rings at its base and borne by eight priests in the funerary procession to Tutankhamun's tomb. Its value is the insight it provides to the ancient culture of Egypt.[88] In popular culture[edit] The Ark of the Covenant
Ark of the Covenant
is the main plot device in Steven Spielberg's 1981 adventure film Raiders of the Lost Ark, which depicts it as located by Indiana Jones
Indiana Jones
in the Egyptian city of Tanis
Tanis
in 1936. It is mentioned briefly in Indiana Jones
Indiana Jones
and the Last Crusade (1989) and appears in a cameo in Indiana Jones
Indiana Jones
and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull (2008).[89] In the Danish family film The Lost Treasure of the Knights Templar from 2006, the main part of the treasure found in the end is the Ark of the Covenant. The power of the Ark comes from charged static electricity from different metal plates like a giant battery.[90] It appears in the video game Assassin's Creed (2007),[91] where Robert de Sablé found a "Piece of the Eden" and Altaïr Ibn-La'Ahad planned to stop him, but he couldn't.[92] It's also mentioned in Assassin's Creed Chronicles: China (2015)[93] and in the film Assassin's Creed (2016).[94] Yom HaAliyah[edit] Yom HaAliyah
Yom HaAliyah
(Aliyah Day) (Hebrew: יום העלייה‎) is an Israeli national holiday celebrated annually on the tenth of the Hebrew
Hebrew
month of Nisan
Nisan
to commemorate the Israelites
Israelites
crossing the Jordan
Jordan
River
River
into the Land of Israel
Israel
while carrying the Ark of the Covenant. See also[edit]

List of artifacts in biblical archaeology The Exodus
The Exodus
Decoded (television documentary) Foucault's Pendulum History of ancient Israel
Israel
and Judah Jewish symbolism Lost history Mikoshi

References[edit]

^ Ackermann 2000, p. 102. ^ Numbers 4:5-6 ^ Exodus 25:22 ^ Exodus 19:20 ^ Exodus 24:18 ^ Exodus 31 ^ Joseph
Joseph
Ponessa, Laurie Watson Manhardt, Moses
Moses
and The Torah: Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, pages 85-86 (Emmaus Road Publishing, 2007). ISBN 978-1-931018-45-6 ^ "Deu 10:1-5 NIV - Tablets Like the First Ones - At that - Bible Gateway". Bible Gateway.  ^ ""Four feet"; see Exodus 25:12, majority of translations. "Four corners" in KJV". Biblestudytools.com. Retrieved 2012-08-17.  ^ Joshua
Joshua
3:3 ^ Joshua
Joshua
6 ^ Josh 3:15-17 ^ Josh 4:10 ^ Josh 11 ^ Josh 18 ^ Josh 4:1-9 ^ Josh 6:4-15 ^ Josh 6:16-20 ^ Josh 7:6-9 ^ Judges 20:6f ^ 1 Samuel
Samuel
3:3 ^ 1 Samuel
Samuel
4:3f ^ 1 Sam 4:3-11 ^ 1 Sam 4:12-22 ^ 1 Sam 4:20 ^ 1 Sam 5:1-6 ^ 1 Sam 6:5 ^ 1 Sam 5:8-12 ^ 1 Sam 6:1-15 ^ 1 Samuel
Samuel
6:19 ^ 1 Samuel
Samuel
6:21 ^ 1 Chronicles 13:3 ^ 2 Samuel
Samuel
6:8 ^ 2 Samuel
Samuel
6:1-11 ^ 1 Chronicles 13:1-13 ^ 2 Sam 6:12-16 ^ 2 Sam 6:20-22 ^ 1 Chron 15 ^ 2 Sam 6:17-20 ^ 1 Chron 16:1-3 ^ 2 Chron 1:4 ^ 1 Chron 16:4 ^ 2 Sam 7:1-17 ^ 1 Chron 17:1-15 ^ 1 Chron 28:2 ^ 1 Chron 3 ^ 2 Sam 11:11 ^ 2 Sam 15:24-29 ^ 1 Kings 2:26 ^ 1 Kings 3:15 ^ 1 Kings 6:19 ^ 1 Kings 8:6-9 ^ 1 Kings 8:10-11 ^ 2 Chron 5:13 ^ 2 Chron 14 ^ 2 Chron 8:11 ^ 2 Chron 35:3 ^ 1 Esdras
1 Esdras
1:54 ^ "Ark of the Covenant". Jewish Encyclopedia. Retrieved 1 May 2012.  ^ Tosefta
Tosefta
(Sotah 13:1); cf. Babylonian Talmud
Babylonian Talmud
(Kereithot 5b) ^ Jer 3:16 ^ Jeremiah
Jeremiah
3:16, Tanach. Brooklyn, New York: ArtScroll. p. 1078.  ^ 2 Maccabees
2 Maccabees
2:4-8 ^ Translation [1] Sahih International. ^ " Quran
Quran
Surah Al-Baqara ( Verse 248 )". Irebd.com. Retrieved 2018-02-28.  ^ a b Hughes, Patrick; Hughes, Thomas Patrick (1995) [1885]. A Dictionary of Islam. New Delhi: Asian Educational Services. p. 624. ISBN 9788120606722. Retrieved April 12, 2017.  ^ Rubin, Uri (2001). "Traditions in Transformation: The Ark of the Covenant and the Golden Calf in Biblical and Islamic Historiography" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-11-17.  ^ Cf. Deuteronomy
Deuteronomy
34:1-3 and 2 Maccabees
2 Maccabees
2:4-8. ^ Stuart Munro-Hay, 2005, The Quest for the Ark of the Covenant, Tauris (reviewed in Times Literary Supplement 19 August 2005 p. 36) ^ B.T.A. Evetts (translator), The Churches and Monasteries of Egypt and Some Neighboring Countries attributed to Abu Salih, the Armenian, with added notes by Alfred J. Butler (Oxford, 1895), pp. 287f ^ Hancock, Graham (1992). The Sign and the Seal: The Quest for the Lost Ark of the Covenant. New York: Crown. ISBN 0517578131.  ^ Hiltzik, Michael H. (June 9, 1992). "Does Trail to Ark of Covenant End Behind Aksum Curtain? A British author believes the long-lost religious object may actually be inside a stone chapel in Ethiopia". Los Angeles Times. p. 1.  ^ Fendel, Hillel (2009-06-25). "Holy Ark Announcement Due on Friday", Aruta Sheva ( Israel
Israel
International News). Retrieved on 2009-06-25 ^ IGN
IGN
(2009-06-19). Ho visto l'Arca dell'Alleanza ed è in buone condizioni. Retrieved on 2009-06-26 ^ The Lost Ark of the Covenant
Ark of the Covenant
by Tudor Parfitt, published by HarperCollins 2008. ^ a b A Lead on the Ark of the Covenant, by David
David
Van Biema Thursday, Time.com, Feb. 21, 2008. ^ "Debates & Controversies - Quest for the Lost Ark". Channel4.com. 2008-04-14. Archived from the original on May 13, 2008. Retrieved 2010-03-07.  ^ [2][dead link] ^ Brian Haughton, Haunted Spaces, Sacred Places: A Field Guide to Stone Circles, Crop Circles, Ancient Tombs, and Supernatural Landscapes, page 142 (Career Press, Inc., 2008). ISBN 978-1-60163-000-1 ^ Louis Charpentier, Les Mystères de la Cathédrale de Chartres (Paris: Robert Laffont, 1966), translated as The Mysteries of Chartres Cathedral (London: Research Into Lost Knowledge Organisation, 1972). ^ Karen Ralls, The Templars and The Grail: Knights of The Quest, page 99, pages 163-164 (Quest Books, Theosophical Publishing House, 2003). ISBN 0-8356-0807-7. Citing Patrick Byrne, Templar Gold: Discovering the Ark of the Covenant
Ark of the Covenant
(Blue Dolphin Publishing, Inc., 2001). ISBN 1-57733-099-4 ^ J. Salmon, A Description of The Works of Art of Ancient and Modern Rome, Particularly In Architecture, Sculpture & Painting, Volume One, page 108 (London: J. Sammells, 1798). ^ Debra J. Birch, Pilgrimage To Rome In The Middle Ages: Continuity and Change, page 111 (The Boydell Press, 1998). ISBN 0-85115-771-8 ^ Midrash Tanḥuma. p. 33. Retrieved 4 June 2017.  ^ Phillips, G., The Templars and the Ark of the Covenant, accessed 25 December 2017 ^ Ivan McAvinchey. "News 2006 (March 9)". Rsai.ie. Archived from the original on 2009-03-08. Retrieved 2010-03-07.  ^ Photographs by Harry Burton, The Griffith Institute, Tutankhamun: Anatomy of an Excavation: The Howard Carter
Howard Carter
Archives. ^ Lundquist, John M. The Temple of Jerusalem: past, present, and future, Chapter 2 "The World of the First Temple", pp.66-67, © 2008 by John M. Lundquist, first published 2008, Praeger Publishers, 88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881 ISBN 978-0-275-98339-0 www.praeger.com. ^ "Philip Kaufman". google.com.  ^ "Tempelriddernes Skat - Filmens Handling". filmcentralen.dk. 2013. Retrieved 2014-07-11.  ^ "The Ark of the Covenant
Ark of the Covenant
- Gameplay". IGN. Retrieved January 10, 2018.  ^ Carter, Justin (October 19, 2015). "Here's the Entire Assassin's Creed Story So Far". Twinfinite. Retrieved January 10, 2018.  ^ VanOrd, Kevin (April 20, 2015). "Assassin's Creed Chronicles: China". GameSpot. Retrieved January 10, 2018.  ^ Maher, Kevin (December 30, 2016). "Assassin's Creed". The Times. Retrieved January 10, 2018. 

Further reading[edit]

Ackerman, Susan (2000). "Ark of the Covenant". In Freedman, David Noel; Myers, Allen C. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible. Eerdmans.  Carew, Mairead, Tara and the Ark of the Covenant: A Search for the Ark of the Covenant by British Israelites
Israelites
on the Hill of Tara, 1899-1902. Royal Irish Academy, 2003. ISBN 0-9543855-2-7 Cline, Eric H. (2007), From Eden to Exile: Unravelling Mysteries of the Bible, National Geographic Society, ISBN 978-1-4262-0084-7 Fisher, Milton C., The Ark of the Covenant: Alive and Well in Ethiopia?. Bible and Spade 8/3, pp. 65–72, 1995. Foster, Charles, Tracking the Ark of the Covenant. Monarch, 2007. Grierson, Roderick & Munro-Hay, Stuart, The Ark of the Covenant. Orion Books Ltd, 2000. ISBN 0-7538-1010-7 Hancock, Graham, The Sign and the Seal: The Quest for the Lost Ark of the Covenant. Touchstone Books, 1993. ISBN 0-671-86541-2 Haran, M., The Disappearance of the Ark, IEJ 13 (1963), 46-58 Hertz, J.H., The Pentateuch and Haftoras. Deuteronomy. Oxford University Press, 1936. Hubbard, David
David
(1956) The Literary Sources of the Kebra Nagast
Kebra Nagast
Ph.D. dissertation, St. Andrews University, Scotland Munro-Hay, Stuart, The Quest For The Ark of The Covenant: The True History of The Tablets of Moses. L. B. Tauris & Co Ltd., 2006. ISBN 1-84511-248-2 Ritmeyer, L., The Ark of the Covenant: Where It Stood in Solomon's Temple. Biblical Archaeology Review 22/1: 46-55, 70-73, 1996. Stolz, Fritz. "Ark of the Covenant." In The Encyclopedia of Christianity, edited by Erwin Fahlbusch and Geoffrey William Bromiley, 125. Vol. 1. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1999. ISBN 0802824137

External links[edit]

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Wikibooks has more on the topic of: Ark of the Covenant

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Portions of this article have been taken from the Jewish Encyclopedia of 1906. Ark of the Covenant Initial text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897. Ark of the Covenant The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume I. Ark of the Covenant Smithsonian.com "Keepers of the Lost Ark?" Derby, Josiah, "The Gold
Gold
of The Ark", Jewish Bible Quarterly. Havergal, William Henry. Six Lectures on The Ark of The Covenant (London: Hamilton, Adams And Co, 1867). Available on Google Books. [3] Pendleton, Philip Y., A Brief Sketch of the Jewish Tabernacle. 1901. (International Sunday-school Lessons for 1902. Standard Eclectic Commentary comprising original and selected notes, explanatory, illustrative, practical. Embellished with maps, diagrams, chronological charts, tables, etc.) Schatz, Elihu, "The Weight of The Ark of The Covenant", Jewish Bible Quarterly. Shyovitz, David, The Lost Ark of the Covenant. Jewish Virtual Library.

v t e

Ark of the Covenant
Ark of the Covenant
topics

People

Moses Kohanim High Priest of Israel Israelites Levites Bezalel Tribe
Tribe
of Judah Oholiab Kehath Tribe
Tribe
of Levi Jeremiah Joshua Samuel Solomon Menelik I

Contents

Tablets of Stone Ten Commandments Manna Aaron's rod Cherub

Locations

Mount Sinai Jericho Jordan
Jordan
River Holy of Holies Tabernacle Ai Shiloh Gibeah Gilgal Eben-Ezer Philistia Beth Shemesh Kiriath-Jearim Temple Mount Dome of the Rock Well of Souls Cathedral of Chartres Tana Qirqos Church of Our Lady Mary of Zion

Related

The Sign and the Seal
The Sign and the Seal
(1992 book)

v t e

People and things in the Quran

Characters

Non-humans

Allâh ("The God")

Names of Allah
Allah
found in the Quran

Beings in Paradise

Ghilmān or Wildān Ḥūr

Animals

Related

The baqarah (cow) of Israelites The dhi’b (wolf) that Jacob
Jacob
feared could attack Joseph The fīl (elephant) of the Abyssinians) Ḥimār (Domesticated donkey) The hud-hud (hoopoe) of Solomon The kalb (dog) of the sleepers of the cave The nāqaṫ (she-camel) of Saleh The nūn (fish or whale) of Jonah

Non-related

Ḥimār (Wild ass) Qaswarah
Qaswarah
('Lion', 'Beast of prey' or 'Hunter')

Jinns

‘Ifrîṫ ("Strong one") Mârid ("Rebellious one")

Iblīs the Shayṭān (Devil)

Qarīn

Prophets

Mentioned

Ādam (Adam) Al-Yasa‘ (Elisha) Ayyūb (Job) Dāwūd (David) Dhūl-Kifl (Ezekiel?) Hārūn (Aaron) Hūd (Eber?) Idrīs (Enoch?) Ilyās (Elijah) ‘Imrān (Joachim the father of Maryam) Is-ḥāq (Isaac) Ismā‘īl (Ishmael)

Dhabih Ullah

Isma'il Ṣādiq al-Wa‘d (Fulfiller of the Promise) Lūṭ (Lot) Ṣāliḥ Shu‘ayb (Jethro, Reuel or Hobab?) Sulaymān ibn Dāwūd ( Solomon
Solomon
son of David) ‘ Uzair
Uzair
(Ezra?) Yaḥyā ibn Zakariyyā ( John the Baptist
John the Baptist
the son of Zechariah) Ya‘qūb (Jacob)

Isrâ’îl (Israel)

Yūnus (Jonah)

Dhūn-Nūn ("He of the Fish
Fish
(or Whale)" or "Owner of the Fish
Fish
(or Whale)") Ṣāḥib al-Ḥūṫ ("Companion of the Whale")

Yūsuf ibn Ya‘qūb ( Joseph
Joseph
son of Jacob) Zakariyyā (Zechariah)

Ulu-l-‘Azm

Muḥammad

Aḥmad Other names and titles of Muhammad

ʿĪsā (Jesus)

Al-Masīḥ (The Messiah) Ibn Maryam (Son of Mary)

Mūsā Kalīmullāh ( Moses
Moses
He who spoke to God) Ibrāhīm Khalīlullāh ( Abraham
Abraham
Friend of God) Nūḥ (Noah)

Debatable ones

Dhūl-Qarnain (Cyrus the Great?) Luqmân Maryam (Mary) Ṭâlûṫ ( Saul
Saul
or Gideon?)

Implied

Irmiyā (Jeremiah) Ṣamû’îl (Samuel) Yūsha‘ ibn Nūn (Joshua, companion and successor of Moses)

People of Prophets

Evil ones

Āzar (possibly Terah) Fir‘awn ( Pharaoh
Pharaoh
of Moses' time) Hāmān Jâlûṫ (Goliath) Qārūn (Korah, cousin of Moses) As-Sāmirī Abî Lahab Slayers of Saleh's she-camel (Qaddar ibn Salif and Musda' ibn Dahr)

Good ones

Adam's immediate relatives

Martyred son Wife

Believer of Ya-Sin Family of Noah

Father Lamech Mother Shamkhah bint Anush or Betenos

Luqman's son People of Aaron
Aaron
and Moses

Believer of Fir'aun Family (Hizbil/Hizqil ibn Sabura) Imra’aṫ Fir‘awn (Âsiyá bint Muzâḥim or Bithiah) Khidr Magicians of the Pharaoh Moses' wife Moses' sister-in-law Mother Sister

People of Abraham

Mother Abiona or Amtelai the daughter of Karnebo Ishmael's mother Isaac's mother

People of Jesus

Disciples (including Peter) Mary's mother Zechariah's wife

People of Joseph

Brothers (including Binyāmin (Benjamin) and Simeon) Egyptians

‘Azîz (Potiphar, Qatafir or Qittin) Malik (King Ar-Rayyân ibn Al-Walîd)) Wife of ‘Azîz (Zulaykhah)

Mother

People of Solomon

Mother Queen of Sheba Vizier

Zayd

Implied or not specified

Abrahah Bal'am/Balaam Barsisa Caleb or Kaleb the companion of Joshua Luqman's son Nebuchadnezzar II Nimrod Rahmah the wife of Ayyub Shaddad

Groups

Mentioned

Aş-ḥāb al-Jannah

People of Paradise People of the Burnt Garden

Aş-ḥāb as-Sabṫ (Companions of the Sabbath) Christian
Christian
apostles

Ḥawāriyyūn (Disciples of Jesus)

Companions of Noah's Ark Aş-ḥāb al-Kahf war-Raqīm (Companions of the Cave and Al-Raqaim? Companions of the Elephant People of al-Ukhdūd People of a township in Surah Ya-Sin People of Yathrib or Medina Qawm Lûṭ (People of Sodom and Gomorrah) Nation of Noah

Tribes, ethnicities or families

A‘rāb (Arabs or Bedouins)

ʿĀd (people of Hud) Companions of the Rass Qawm Ṫubba‘ (People of Tubba')

People of Saba’ or Sheba

Quraysh Thamûd (people of Saleh)

Aṣ-ḥâb al-Ḥijr ("Companions of the Stoneland")

Ajam Ar- Rûm (literally "The Romans") Banî Isrâ’îl (Children of Israel) Mu’ṫafikāṫ (The overthrown cities of Sodom and Gomorrah) People of Ibrahim People of Ilyas People of Nuh People of Shuaib

Ahl Madyan People of Madyan) Aṣ-ḥāb al-Aykah
Aṣ-ḥāb al-Aykah
("Companions of the Wood")

Qawm Yûnus (People of Jonah) Ya'juj and Ma'juj/Gog and Magog Ahl al-Bayṫ ("People of the Household")

Household of Abraham

Brothers of Yūsuf Daughters of Abraham's nephew Lot (Ritha, Za'ura, et al.) Progeny of Imran Household of Moses Household of Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim

Daughters of Muhammad Wives of Muhammad

Household of Salih

People of Fir'aun Current Ummah of Islam (Ummah of Muhammad)

Aṣ-ḥāb Muḥammad (Companions of Muhammad)

Muhajirun (Emigrants) Anṣār Muslims of Medina
Medina
who helped Muhammad and his Meccan followers, literally 'Helpers')

People of Mecca

Umm Jamil (wife of Abu Lahab)

Children of Ayyub Dead son of Sulaiman Qabil/Cain (son of Adam) Wali'ah or Wa'ilah/Waala (wife of Nuh) Walihah or Wahilah (wife of Lut) Ya’jūj wa Ma’jūj (Gog and Magog) Yam or Kan'an (son of Nuh)

Implicitly mentioned

Amalek Ahl al-Suffa (People of the Verandah) Banu Nadir Banu Qaynuqa Banu Qurayza Iranian people Umayyad Dynasty Aus & Khazraj People of Quba

Religious groups

Ahl al-dhimmah (Dhimmi) Kâfirûn (Infidels) Zoroastrians Munāfiqūn (Hypocrites) Muslims People of the Book (Ahl al-Kiṫāb)

Naṣārā (Christian(s) or People of the Injil)

Ruhban ( Christian
Christian
monks) Qissis ( Christian
Christian
priest)

Yahūd (Jews)

Ahbār (Jewish scholars) Rabbani/Rabbi

Sabians

Polytheists

Meccan polytheists at the time of Muhammad Mesopotamian polytheists at the time of Abraham
Abraham
and Lot

Locations

Mentioned

Al-Arḍ Al-Mubārakah
Al-Arḍ Al-Mubārakah
("The Land The Blessed")

Al-Arḍ Al-Muqaddasah ("The Land The Holy")

In the Arabian Peninsula
Arabian Peninsula
(excluding Madyan)

Al-Aḥqāf ("The Sandy Plains," or "the Wind-curved Sand-hills")

Iram dhāṫ al-‘Imād (Iram of the Pillars)

Al-Madīnah (formerly Yathrib) ‘Arafāṫ Al-Ḥijr (Hegra) Badr Ḥunayn Makkah (Mecca)

Bakkah Ka‘bah (Kaaba) Maqām Ibrāhīm (Station of Abraham) Safa and Marwah

Saba’ (Sheba)

‘Arim Saba’ (Dam of Sheba)

Rass

Jahannam
Jahannam
(Hell) Jannah
Jannah
(Paradise, literally 'Garden') In Mesopotamia:

Al-Jūdiyy

Munzalanm-Mubārakan ("Place-of-Landing Blessed")

Bābil (Babylon) Qaryaṫ Yūnus ("Township of Jonah," that is Nineveh)

Door of Hittah Madyan (Midian) Majma' al-Bahrain Miṣr (Mainland Egypt) Salsabîl (A river in Paradise) Sinai Region or Tīh Desert

Al-Wād Al-Muqaddas Ṭuwan (The Holy Valley of Tuwa)

Al-Wādil-Ayman (The valley on the 'righthand' side of the Valley of Tuwa and Mount Sinai)

Mount Sinai
Mount Sinai
or Mount Tabor

Implied

Antioch

Antakya

Arabia Ayla Barrier of Dhul-Qarnayn Bayt al-Muqaddas
Bayt al-Muqaddas
& 'Ariha Bilād ar-Rāfidayn (Mesopotamia) Canaan Cave of Seven Sleepers Dār al-Nadwa Al-Ḥijāz (literally "The Barrier")

Black Stone
Black Stone
(Al-Ḥajar al-Aswad) & Al-Hijr of Isma'il Cave of Hira
Hira
& Ghar al-Thawr (Cave of the Bull) Ta'if

Hudaybiyyah Jordan
Jordan
River Nile
Nile
River Palestine River Paradise
Paradise
of Shaddad

Religious locations

Bay'a (Church) Mihrab Monastery Masjid (Mosque, literally "Place of Prostration")

Al-Mash‘ar Al-Ḥarām
Al-Mash‘ar Al-Ḥarām
("The Monument the Sacred") Al-Masjid Al-Aqṣā (Al-Aqsa Mosque, literally "The Place-of-Prostration The Farthest") Al-Masjid Al-Ḥarām (The Sacred Mosque
Mosque
of Mecca) Masjid al-Dirar A Mosque
Mosque
in the area of Medina, possibly:

Masjid Qubâ’ (Quba Mosque) The Prophet's Mosque

Salat (Synagogue)

Plant
Plant
matter

Fruits

Ḥabb dhul-‘aṣf (Corn of the husk) Rummān (Pomegranate) Ṫīn (Fig) Ukul khamṭ (Bitter fruit or food of Sheba) Zayṫūn (Olive) In Paradise

Forbidden fruit of Adam

Bushes, trees or plants

Plants of Sheba

Athl (Tamarisk) Sidr (lote-tree)

Līnah (Tender palm tree) Nakhl (date palm) Rayḥān (Scented plant) Sidraṫ al-Munṫahā Zaqqūm

Texts

Al-Injîl (The Gospel
Gospel
of Jesus) Al-Qur’ân (The Book of Muhammad) Ṣuḥuf-i Ibrâhîm (Scroll(s) of Abraham) Aṫ-Ṫawrâṫ (The Torah)

Ṣuḥuf-i-Mûsâ (Scroll(s) of Moses) Tablets of Stone

Az-Zabûr (The Psalms
Psalms
of David) Umm al-Kiṫâb ("Mother of the Book(s)")

Objects of people or beings

Heavenly Food of Christian
Christian
Apostles Noah's Ark Staff of Musa Ṫābūṫ as-Sakīnah (Casket of Shekhinah) Throne of Bilqis Trumpet of Israfil

Mentioned idols (cult images)

'Ansāb Idols of Israelites:

Baal The ‘ijl (golden calf statue) of Israelites

Idols of Noah's people:

Nasr Suwā‘ Wadd Yaghūth Ya‘ūq

Idols of Quraysh:

Al-Lāṫ Al-‘Uzzá Manāṫ

Jibṫ and Ṭâghûṫ

Celestial bodies

Maṣābīḥ (literally 'lamps'):

Al-Qamar (The Moon) Kawâkib (Planets)

Al-Arḍ (The Earth)

Nujūm (Stars)

Ash-Shams (The Sun)

Liquids

Mā’ ( Water
Water
or fluid)

Nahr (River) Yamm ( River
River
or sea)

Sharâb (Drink)

Events

Battle of al-Aḥzāb ("the Confederates") Battle of Badr Battle of Hunayn Battle of Khaybar Battle of Tabouk Battle of Uhud Conquest of Mecca Incident of Ifk Laylat al-Mabit Mubahala Sayl al-‘Arim
Sayl al-‘Arim
(Flood of the Great Dam of Marib
Marib
in Sheba) The Farewell Pilgrimage
The Farewell Pilgrimage
(Hujja al-Wada') Treaty of Hudaybiyyah Umrah al-Qaza Yawm al-Dār

Implied

Event of Ghadir Khumm

Note: The names are sorted alphabetically. Standard form: Islamic name / Biblical name (title or relationship)

v t e

Temple in Jerusalem

Structures

Tabernacle First Temple / Solomon's Temple Second Temple
Second Temple
/ Ezra's Temple / Herod's Temple Third Temple
Third Temple
/ Ezekiel's Temple

Elements

Altar Ark of the Covenant Shekhinah Holy of Holies Seven-branched candelabrum Foundation Stone Mercy seat Solomon's Porch Temple treasury Boaz and Jachin Western Wall Warren's Gate Western Stone Wilson's Arch The Sanctuary Molten Sea Urn for ashes of the Red Heifer

Priesthood

Priestly sash Ephod Holy anointing oil Priestly breastplate Priestly tunic High Priest Sacrifice Priestly robe Priestly undergarments Priestly turban Priestly divisions Shemen Afarsimon Priestly crown Urim and Thummim Priestly covenant

History

Bar Kokhba revolt Siege of Jerusalem Tisha B'Av Judaea Capta coinage

Temple Mount

Gates Excavations Mount Zion City of David

See also

Replicas of the Jewish Temple Navel of the W

.