Arab Socialist Movement
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The Arab Socialist Movement ( ar, حركة الاشتراكيين العرب , rtl=yes- ) also known as Arab Socialist Party, was a
political party A political party is an organization that coordinates candidates to compete in a particular country's elections. It is common for the members of a party to hold similar ideas about politics, and parties may promote specific political ideology ...
in Syria that has split into several factions since the 1960s which continue to use the same name.


History

The Arab Socialist Movement traced its roots back to the "Youth Party", a 1930s radical anti-capitalist, Pan-Arabism, pan-Arab group led by Othman al-Hawrani. In its later form, it was formally established as "Arab Socialist Party" in the 1950s, and was led by Akram al-Hawrani from then on. The party merged with the Ba'ath Party in 1953, only to withdraw again in 1963. It then split into several factions: * One faction, known as Arab Socialist Movement (Damascus branch), Damascus branch and headed by Abdul-Ghani Qannout, joined the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Syria Region, Ba'ath Party-led National Progressive Front (Syria), National Progressive Front government in 1972 and has continued to support the al-Assad family's rule in Syria ever since. It is active in Syria and Lebanon. After Abdul-Ghani Qannout died in 2001, Ahmad al-Ahmad became the new secretary general; under him, the party continued its pro-government course, even during the Syrian Civil War. Amid the conflict's Civil uprising phase of the Syrian Civil War, civil uprising phase, the Arab Socialist Movement's Damascus branch organised pro-government rallies. When the uprising escalated into a full insurgency, members of the party organised pro-government militias. Assistant secretary general Omar Adnan al-Alawi headed the National Defence Forces' Deir ez-Zor branch during part of the Siege of Deir ez-Zor (2014–17), and was wounded in combat. Al-Alawi later aided a member of the party's political office, Turki Albu Hamad, in founding the "Forces of the Fighters of the Tribes" militia. Ahmad al-Ahmad died on 25 August 2016, leaving the office of secretary general vacant until the election of Omar al-Alawi as official party head on 24 May 2017. * Another splinter group was led by the former officer Abdul-Ghani Ayyash (died 2010), and joined the opposition in form of the National Democratic Rally (Syria), National Democratic Rally. * One faction of Marxism, Marxists, led by Akram al-Bunni, split off and formed the "National Council of Damascus Declaration for National Democratic Change", which was suppressed by the Assad government. *Another branch has also gained legal recognition and parliamentary representation in Syria, but under the name "National Vow Movement".


References


Bibliography

* * 1950 establishments in Syria Arab nationalism in Syria Arab socialist political parties Ba'ath Party breakaway groups Political parties established in 1950 Political parties in Syria Secularism in Syria Socialist parties in Syria {{Syria-party-stub de:Arabische Sozialistische Bewegung