Apple Park is the corporate headquarters of Apple Inc., located at 1
Apple Park Way in Cupertino, California, United States. It opened to
employees in April 2017, while construction was still underway. Its
research and development facilities are occupied with over 2,000
people. It replaced the original headquarters at 1 Infinite Loop,
which opened in 1993.
Its circular design and extreme scale have earned a media nickname of
'the spaceship'. Located on a suburban site totaling 175
acres (71 hectares), it houses more than 12,000 employees in one
central four-storied circular building of approximately 2,800,000
square feet (260,000 square meters).
Steve Jobs wanted the whole
campus to look less like an office park and more like a nature refuge.
Eighty percent of the site consists of green space planted with
drought-resistant trees and plants indigenous to the
and the center courtyard of the main building features an artificial
3.2 Energy supply
4.3 Wellness center
Research and development
Research and development facility
Apple Park Visitor Center
5.2 Historic barn
5.3 Inner courtyard
6.1 Design flaws
8 External links
In April 2006, Apple's former
Steve Jobs announced to the city
Cupertino that Apple had acquired nine contiguous
properties to build a second campus, the
Apple Campus 2. The
building was conceived by Jobs, and designed by Norman Foster. Jobs
took Foster to the cathedral-like building on the
Disney Pixar campus
in Emeryville, which Jobs designed himself with the goal of keeping
everything under one roof. He spent a large part of two years on the
project before his death in October 2011.
Purchases of the needed properties were made through the company Hines
Interests, which in at least some cases did not disclose the
fact that Apple was the ultimate buyer; Philip Mahoney, a partner
with a local commercial real estate brokerage, noted that this is
common practice in attempts to arrange the purchase of contiguous land
made up of multiple parcels with separate owners, in order to keep
costs from skyrocketing and not reveal the company's plans to
competitors. Among the sellers of the properties were SummerHill
Homes (a plot of 8 acres or 3.2 hectares) and
buildings of their campus in Cupertino), among others.
Until April 2008, Apple had not sought the necessary permits to begin
construction, so it was estimated that the project would not be ready
in 2010 as originally proposed; however, the buildings on the site are
held by Apple for its operations. In November 2010 the San Jose
Mercury News revealed that Apple had bought an additional 98 acres
(40 ha) no longer used by HP Inc., just north across Pruneridge
Ave. This space used to be the HP campus in
Cupertino before it was
relocated to Palo Alto.
On June 7, 2011,
Steve Jobs presented to
Cupertino City Council
details of the architectural design of the new buildings and their
On October 15, 2013,
Cupertino City Council unanimously approved
Apple's plans for the new campus after a six-hour debate. Shortly
thereafter, demolition work began to prepare the site for
On February 22, 2017, Apple announced the official name of the campus
to be "Apple Park", and the auditorium to be named "Steve Jobs
Originally expected to break ground in 2013 and open in 2015, the
project experienced delays and started in 2014. The campus
opened in April 2017, despite continued construction work. This was
followed by the first event at
Steve Jobs Theater, which took place on
September 12, 2017.
As a consequence of the presence of
Apple Park in the area,
surrounding streets have met with both increased tourism, along with
rising real estate values of local housing, often drawing in Apple
employees wanting to live near to work.
I-280 and Stevens Creek Blvd., San José and Cupertino, California,
showing Apple Park
Apple Park satellite view during construction in May 2017. The
Apple Campus is visible near the top.
Apple Park is located one mile east of the original Apple Campus.
Apple has had a presence in
Cupertino since 1977, which is why the
company decided to build in the area rather than move to a cheaper,
distant location. The campus is also next to a contaminated site under
Superfund legislation with a groundwater plume.
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Steve Jobs, in his last public appearance before his death in October
It's got a gorgeous courtyard in the middle, and a lot more. It's a
circle, so it's curved all the way round. This is not the cheapest way
to build something. Every pane of glass in the main building will be
curved. We have a shot, at building the best office building in the
world. I really do think that architecture students will come here to
The ring-shaped building, advertised as "a perfect circle," was not
originally planned as such. The inner rim and outer rim on each floor
are left open as walkways. There are 8 buildings, separated by 9
mini-atria. The campus is one mile in circumference, with a diameter
of 1,512 feet (461 meters). The one circular building houses most
employees. It is four stories above the ground and three stories
underground. Apple created life-size mock-ups of all parts of the
building to iron out any design issues.
The design hides the roads and parking spaces underground. The campus
uses only glass for its walls and views of the inner courtyard or to
the landscape facing the exterior of the building. Around
83,000 sq ft (7,700 m2) of space is for meetings and
breakout spaces in the building. The inner part of the circular
building contains a 30-acre (12 ha) park featuring a pond, with
fruit trees and winding pathways inspired by fruit orchards of
Steve Jobs wanted no seam, gap, or paintbrush stroke visible for a
clean fit and finish. He was inspired by the main quad on Stanford
All interior wood used for furniture was harvested from a certain
species of maple, with Apple working with construction companies from
19 countries for design and material supply.
A breathing, hollow concrete slab acts as the building's floors,
HVAC system. A total of 4,300 such slabs have been used
for building. Some of the slabs weigh 60,000 pounds (27,000
During construction, the building core and shell were started by
DPR/Skanska, but they were removed from the job for undisclosed
reasons. Rudolph & Sletten and Holder Construction worked to
complete core and shell along with the interior fit-out.
Apple Park under construction, July 2016
Apple Park main building (light green) compared to large ships and
The Pentagon, 1,414 feet, 431 m
RMS Queen Mary 2, 1,132 feet, 345 m
USS Enterprise, 1,123 feet, 342 m
Hindenburg, 804 feet, 245 m
Yamato, 863 feet, 263 m
Empire State Building, 1,454 feet, 443 m
Knock Nevis, ex-Seawise Giant, 1,503 feet, 458 m
Apple Park, 1,522 feet, 464 m
The land cost was estimated at $160 million. In 2011, the budget
for Apple’s Campus 2 was less than $3 billion. However, in 2013
the total cost was estimated to be closer to $5 billion.
Apple states that the entire complex may eventually be powered
entirely from renewable energy. The whole site is one of the most
energy-efficient buildings in the world. The solar panels installed
on the roof of the campus can generate 17 megawatts of power,
sufficient to power 75% during peak daytime, and making it one of
the biggest solar roofs of the world. The other 4 megawatts are
generated onsite using
Bloom Energy Server
Bloom Energy Server fuel cells, which are
powered by biofuel or natural gas. The air flows freely between
the inside and outside of the building, providing natural ventilation
and obviating the need for
HVAC systems during nine months of the
The campus has seven cafés, with the largest being a three-level
café for 3,000 sitting people. It has light-colored stone lining and
glass railing with no metal support, and is surrounded by extensive
landscaping. The mezzanine space of 20,000 sq ft
(1,900 m2) can accommodate 600 people and 1,750 seats on terraces
outside, with a capacity to serve 15,000 lunches a day, housed by
specially designed 500 tables made of solid spesshart white oak,
measuring 18 ft (5.5 m) long and 4 ft (1.2 m)
The sports tables and benches resemble those in Apple Stores. The
large doors of the three-level restaurant are 92 ft (28 m)
tall, the biggest in the world. The café extends to the grassy
landscaped area well beyond the glass walls, and offers al fresco
dining in an area Apple has called the glade.
External view of the
Steve Jobs Theater at
Apple Park in Cupertino,
California, USA. Taken before the beginning of Apple's first
shareholder meeting held in the theater.
Officially known as the
Steve Jobs Theater, after the co-founder
CEO of Apple, the facility is located atop a hill on the
campus. It is an underground, 1,000-seat auditorium intended for Apple
product launches and press meets. It has a large above-ground
cylinder-shaped lobby with stairs down to the auditorium. The theater
has 350 parking spaces on North Tantau and a pedestrian path leading
to the main campus located northwest of the theater. This provides
Apple with more control over product releases and unveilings.
The theater's lobby has cylindrical-shaped glass walls and no support
columns, which give an unhindered 360-degree view of the campus. The
80-short-ton (73-metric-ton) carbon fiber roof, made of 44 identical
panels, was supplied by the Dubai-based company, Premier Composite
Technologies. Each panel is 70 ft (21 m) long and 11 ft
(3.4 m) wide and locks in the middle with the other panels.
It is the largest carbon-fiber roof and the largest glass-supported
structure in the world.
The theater also includes a 42-foot (13 m) high glass elevator
that rotates 171 degrees from the bottom to upper lobby level. The
elevator is made from chemically-tempered glass, and is considered to
be the tallest free-standing, glass elevator in the world.
Its first-ever press event was held on September 12, 2017 at 10:00
PDT, where the iPhone 8, iPhone 8 Plus, iPhone X,
Apple Watch Series 3
Apple TV 4K
Apple TV 4K were announced.
Panorama of the Auditorium in the
Steve Jobs Theater at
Apple Park in
Cupertino, California, USA. Taken before the beginning of Apple's
first shareholder meeting held in the theater.
A 100,000 square foot fitness center is located in the northwest of
the campus. It can serve up to 20,000 employees from around the area.
Apart from gym equipment, the fitness center features other amenities
like changing rooms, showers, laundry services, and rooms for group
Research and development
Research and development facility
The research and development facilities feature two large 300,000
square feet (28,000 m2) buildings on the southern edge of the
campus. The top floor of each building houses the department
comprising industrial design and human interface teams headed by
design chief Jonathan Ive.
Employees traveling by bus will board and depart from the subterranean
bus station, which leads to the main campus via two white
staircases. The area is also served by the Santa
Clara Valley Transportation Authority, which runs local bus service
Cupertino to nearby cities.
Parking is located both underground and in two large parking
structures accommodating approximately 14,200 employees. Cupertino
regulations required a minimum of 11,000 parking spaces, 700 of
which have electric vehicle charging stations.
There are 2,000 parking spaces in the subterranean parking garage. The
parking is managed by sensors and apps, which manage the traffic and
There are 1,000 bikes on the campus for employees to get around, with
miles of cycling and jogging trails all over the 175-acre (71 ha)
campus. There are an additional 2,000 bicycle parking
spaces in the subterranean car parking garage.
Apple Park Visitor Center
Apple Park Visitor Center on 10600 N Tantau Ave Cupertino. Visitors
seen using Augmented Reality iPads for exploring
Apple Park model.
Apple Park Visitor Center is a two-story 20,135 sq ft
(1,870.6 m2) structure with four main areas: an Apple Store
featuring Apple-branded merchandise (T-shirts, hats, tote bags, post
cards) not sold at regular Apple stores, a 2,386 sq ft
(221.7 m2) café, an exhibition space which currently showcases a
3D model of
Apple Park with augmented reality, and a roof terrace
overlooking the campus. It opened to the public on November 17,
2017. The estimated cost of the center is $80M. The
property at 10600 N. Tantau (NE corner of Tantau and Pruneridge) is
across the road from the campus proper and abuts a Santa Clara
residential neighborhood. The underground parking garage, with
close to 700 spaces, has an estimated cost of $26 million.
Park under construction, January 2016
When construction is complete, 80% of the campus will consist of green
space. The big courtyard in the middle of the main building will
be verdant with apricot, olive, and apple orchards, as well as an herb
garden near the cafe. The plants selected for the campus landscape are
drought tolerant. Recycled water is used to water the campus.[citation
In 2011, Apple hired an arborist, Dave Muffly, to cultivate
California's natural environment around Apple Park. Apple's
headhunters tracked down Muffly in 2010 after Jobs recognized the
quality of the oak trees near the Stanford Dish and asked his people
to find the arborist who was caring for them.
There are 9,000 trees on the
Apple Park campus, of 309 varieties of
indigenous species. The planted trees are Oak savanna, Oak
wood, and fruit trees including apricot, apple, plum, cherry and
persimmon. An additional 15 acres (6 ha) are used for a native
California grassland. Among the apple varieties represented are
Golden Delicious, Granny Smith, Gravenstein, and Pink Lady, but the
McIntosh is notably absent.
After he began work in earnest, Muffly realized that less than a
hundred of the 4,000 existing trees were actually usable. This
meant he had to procure from scratch almost all of the 9,000 planned
trees. His team went so far as to search abandoned Christmas tree
farms, and Apple actually bought one at Yermo in the Mojave
The land that Apple purchased for the campus came with an old barn
that was built in 1916 by John Leonard using redwood planks. Leonard
married into the Glendenning Family, who immigrated to the United
States from Scotland and settled in the area in the 1850s. After Apple
purchased the property, there were discussions between Apple, the City
of Cupertino, and the
Cupertino Historical Society as to the fate of
the barn. The city had an interest in the fate of the barn, because
the city declared the barn in 2004 as a historical site.
Eventually Apple agreed to keep the barn on the property, and is using
it to "store maintenance tools and other landscaping materials". The
barn was disassembled during the campus construction and then
reassembled in a different location from where it was originally
The inner courtyard is 30 acres (12 ha), and covered in fruit
trees with a pond. Measurements of the Apple inner courtyard "central
Google Earth yields 24.7 acres.
Night aerial view of the newly opened
Apple Park and
The design of the
Apple Park campus has been called the "ultimate
example" of suburban office parks, which have been in decline as
companies seek to relocate to urban areas with better transit,
bicycle, and pedestrian access. Kaid Benfield of the Natural
Resources Defense Council, a non-profit environmental advocacy group,
criticized the proposed campus for contributing to existing suburban
sprawl, with car-dependent features and waste of expensive real estate
that could have been used for affordable housing.
The headquarters also gained unfavorable attention when it emerged
that several workers had been injured to the point of requiring
hospital treatment after walking into the clear glass walls and doors
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Wikimedia Commons has media related to Apple Park.
San Francisco Bay Area portal
Apple Inc. portal
Apple Park – One More Thing: Inside Apple’s Insanely Great (Or
Just Insane) New Mothership article, Wired.com
Apple Park – cycling the Infinite Loop with interactive map, Kinomap
Steve Jobs Presents to the
Cupertino City Council (6/7/11) - Steve
Jobs presenting his plans for the
Apple Park at the Cupertino
Community Hall, YouTube
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