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Antonia's Line
Antonia's Line
(Original title: Antonia) is a 1995 Dutch film written and directed by Marleen Gorris. The film, described as a "feminist fairy tale,"[3][4][5] tells the story of the independent Antonia (Willeke van Ammelrooy) who, after returning to the anonymous Dutch village of her birth, establishes and nurtures a close-knit matriarchal community. The film covers a breadth of topics, with themes ranging from death and religion to sex, intimacy, lesbianism, friendship and love. Antonia's Line
Antonia's Line
was made after challenges in finding locations and funding in the 1980s and 1990s. It enjoyed critical success and several awards, including the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film at the 68th Academy Awards.

Contents

1 Plot 2 Cast 3 Production 4 Reception

4.1 Box office 4.2 Critical reception 4.3 Accolades

5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Plot[edit] Following World War II, the widow Antonia and her daughter Danielle arrive at Antonia's home town where her mother is dying. Antonia turns down an offer of marriage from Farmer Bas, but develops a romance with him anyway. Danielle becomes an artist and expresses interest in raising a child, while rejecting the idea of having a husband. Antonia and Danielle visit the city to find a man to impregnate Danielle, resulting in the birth of Therèse, an unusually intelligent girl. Danielle also develops a lesbian relationship with Therèse's tutor. Years later, Therèse is raped by a man named Pitte, who had earlier raped his mentally handicapped sister Deedee. Antonia places a curse on him, after which he is drowned. Therèse is unable to find her intellectual match but eventually has a relationship with a childhood friend, resulting in her pregnancy. She decides to keep the baby and gives birth to Sarah, the film's narrator. Antonia later dies of old age, in the company of friends and family. Cast[edit]

Willeke van Ammelrooy
Willeke van Ammelrooy
as Antonia Els Dottermans
Els Dottermans
as Danielle Jan Decleir
Jan Decleir
as Farmer Bas Victor Löw as Harry Johan Heldenbergh
Johan Heldenbergh
as Tom

Production[edit]

Director Marleen Gorris
Marleen Gorris
wrote the screenplay and won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.

Director and screenwriter Marleen Gorris
Marleen Gorris
envisioned the story as distinct from her previous work, such as A Question of Silence (1982), which she referred to as "indictments against society." She referred to Antonia as "a celebration of life," incorporating fairy tale elements and cruel details.[6] Gorris finished the screenplay in 1988. However, making the film took three attempts, with challenges stemming from putting together a large cast and finding a village that could be portrayed as realistic for a 50-year period. It was eventually filmed in Belgium.[7] Another major challenge was finding investors.[8] Funding ultimately came from the Netherlands, Belgium
Belgium
and the UK.[7] With the help of producer Hans de Weers, Gorris found investors and also worked with British producer Judy Counihan of Red Hot Organization.[8] The budget was £1.5 million.[1] Filming finished in November 1994.[9] Reception[edit] Box office[edit] In the U.S., Antonia's Line
Antonia's Line
opened in 99 theatres, and made $1.8 million in its first 10 days. After 164 days, it crossed the $4 million mark.[1] According to Box Office Mojo, the film completed its run grossing $4,228,275 in North America and $21,046 in South Korea.[10] In the European Union, it had 1,660,901 admissions.[1] Critical reception[edit]

Actress Willeke van Ammelrooy
Willeke van Ammelrooy
received positive reviews and the Golden Calf for Best Actress for her performance.

According to Dutch director Mike van Diem, the film received more positive reviews in the United States than in its native Netherlands, saying "We thought it was a good film, but nobody thought it was that good."[11] Dutch writer Hans Kroon suggested the U.S. reception was out of a need for escapism.[12] Roger Ebert
Roger Ebert
gave the film four stars, saying the film showed "the everyday realities of rural life, a cheerful feminism, a lot of easygoing sex and a gallery of unforgettable characters."[13] Emanuel Levy, writing for The Advocate, wrote "It's easy to see why" the film was winning awards in festivals, calling it "an enchanting fairy tale that maintains a consistently warm, lighthearted feel," and Willeke van Ammelrooy
Willeke van Ammelrooy
wonderful.[14] Janet Maslin of The New York Times
The New York Times
called it "a work of magical feminism."[15] Alan A. Stone of the Boston Review
Boston Review
called it an "astonishingly beautiful film" representing "a truce in the gender war."[8] Kevin Thomas of The Los Angeles Times
The Los Angeles Times
said Antonia's Line
Antonia's Line
is "Beautiful, tender, hearty and poetic," and Van Ammelrooy is warm.[16] Conversely, Edward Guthmann of the San Francisco Chronicle
San Francisco Chronicle
called the film "an odd mix of schmaltz and anti-male orneriness" and the character of Antonia a "sour pickle."[17] Jonathan Rosenbaum of the Chicago Reader called it "humorless" "feminist rage."[18] In his 2002 Movie & Video Guide, Leonard Maltin
Leonard Maltin
called it "a treat from start to finish."[19] On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 69%, based on 45 reviews.[20] Women's studies professor Linda López McAlister commented that "It seems to me that Gorris's accomplishment in this film is to have created a sense of place and characters full of life, full of quirks and idiosyncrasies and peccadillos, full of love, and rage, and desire."[21] Anneke Smelik analyzed the film, writing "It is Oedipal in the sense that it is about a family, but instead of featuring the triangle of father, mother and child, the film establishes a line of mothers and daughters." She goes on to write, "Female desire is represented in all of its diverse manifestations: Antonia's wish for independence, Danielle's quest for artistic creativity, Therèse's pursuit of knowledge, and Sarah's curiosity about life in general."[22] Accolades[edit] Antonia's Line
Antonia's Line
won the 1996 Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film,[19] the Toronto International Film Festival
Toronto International Film Festival
People's Choice award,[17] and two Nederlands Film Festival
Nederlands Film Festival
Golden Calf awards.[23] Gorris also won for Best Director at the Hamptons International Film Festival and Best Screenplay at the Chicago International Film Festival.[9]

Award Category Recipient(s) Result Ref(s)

Academy Awards Best Foreign Language Film Marleen Gorris Won [24]

BAFTA Awards Film Not in the English Language Hans de Weers and Marleen Gorris Nominated [25]

Chicago International Film Festival Best Screenplay Marleen Gorris Won [26]

Audience Choice Award Marleen Gorris Won

GLAAD Media Award Outstanding Film– Limited Release Antonia's Line Nominated [27]

Hamptons International Film Festival Best Director Marleen Gorris Won [9]

Joseph Plateau Awards Best Actress Els Dottermans Won [28]

Netherlands Film Festival Best Director Marleen Gorris Won [23]

Best Actress Willeke van Ammelrooy Won

Toronto International Film Festival People's Choice Award Marleen Gorris Won [17]

See also[edit]

List of submissions to the 68th Academy Awards
68th Academy Awards
for Best Foreign Language Film List of Dutch submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

References[edit]

^ a b c d C. Bainbridge, A Feminine Cinematics: Luce Irigaray, Women and Film, Roehampton University, 2008, p. 199. ^ Tino Balio, The Foreign Film Renaissance on American Screens, 1946–1973, University of Wisconsin Press, 2010, p. 310. ^ Kerr, Sarah. "Antonia's Line". The New Yorker. Retrieved 20 January 2013.  ^ Hunter, Stephen (26 July 1996). " Fairy tale
Fairy tale
for feminists sparkles in 'Antonia's Line'". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 20 January 2013.  ^ Strangeways, Sam (18 March 2011). "Feminist fairy tale is a lovely, meandering film". The Royal Gazette. Retrieved 30 January 2013.  ^ Alan Frutkin, "In Profile," The Advocate, March 5, 1996, p. 64. ^ a b Baumgarten, Marjorie. " Antonia's Line
Antonia's Line
Is a Dutch Treat". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved 20 January 2013.  ^ a b c Stone, Alan A. (Summer 1996). "A Second Nature". Boston Review. Retrieved 21 January 2013.  ^ a b c " Antonia's Line
Antonia's Line
(1995): Miscellaneous Notes". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 21 January 2013.  ^ "Antonia's Line". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 4 September 2016.  ^ Hans Krabbendam, Cornelis A. van Minnen and Giles Scott-Smith, Four Centuries of Dutch-American Relations: 1609-2009, Roosevelt Study Center, 2009, p. 1066. ^ Jaap Kooijman, Fabricating the Absolute Fake: America in Contemporary Pop Culture, Amsterdam University Press, 2004, p. 97. ^ Ebert, Roger (14 February 1996). "Antonia's Line". rogerebert.com. Retrieved 20 January 2013.  ^ Emanuel Levy, "A fairy tale," The Advocate, March 5, 1996, p. 64. ^ Maslin, Janet (2 February 1996). "A Line of Strong Women With Faith in Destiny". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 September 2016.  ^ Thomas, Kevin (2 February 1996). "'Antonia's Line' Draws on Strength of Family, Women". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 4 September 2016.  ^ a b c Guthmann, Edward (14 February 1996). "Antonia's' Tangled Line". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 20 January 2013.  ^ Rosenbaum, Jonathan (8 October 1998). "The Reader's Guide to the 34th Annual Chicago International Film Festival". Chicago Reader. Retrieved 4 September 2016.  ^ a b Leonard Maltin, ed., Leonard Maltin's 2002 Movie & Video Guide. A Signet Book, 2001, p. 53. ^ "Antonia (Antonia's Line) (1995)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 4 October 2016.  ^ McAlister, Linda Lopez (20 April 1996). "Antonia's Line". The Women's Show, WMNF-FM 88.5, Tampa, Florida. Retrieved 20 January 2013.  ^ Smelik, Anneke. "Feminist Film Theory". The Feminist eZine. Retrieved 20 January 2013.  ^ a b Barra, Allen (14 February 1996). "'Antonia's Line' sets a new mark for feminism". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 20 January 2013.  ^ "The 68th Academy Awards
68th Academy Awards
(1996) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 4 October 2015.  ^ "Film Not in the English Language in 1997". British Academy of Film and Television Arts. Retrieved 4 September 2016.  ^ Petrakis, John; Wilmington, Michael (27 October 1995). "`Maborosi' Captures Top Film Fest Prize". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 4 September 2016.  ^ Blokker, Bas (4 February 1997). "Ellen' nominated for GLAAD Award". United Press International. Retrieved 4 September 2016.  ^ Blokker, Bas (14 April 2004). "Els Dottermans". NRC Handelsblad. Retrieved 4 September 2016. 

External links[edit]

Antonia's Line
Antonia's Line
on IMDb Antonia's Line
Antonia's Line
at Rotten Tomatoes Analysis of Themes

v t e

Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

1947–1955 (Honorary)

1947: Shoeshine – Vittorio De Sica 1948: Monsieur Vincent
Monsieur Vincent
– Maurice Cloche 1949: Bicycle Thieves
Bicycle Thieves
– Vittorio De Sica 1950: The Walls of Malapaga – René Clément 1951: Rashomon
Rashomon
– Akira Kurosawa 1952: Forbidden Games
Forbidden Games
– René Clément 1953: No Award 1954: Gate of Hell – Teinosuke Kinugasa 1955: Samurai, The Legend of Musashi – Hiroshi Inagaki

1956–1975

1956: La Strada
La Strada
– Federico Fellini 1957: Nights of Cabiria
Nights of Cabiria
– Federico Fellini 1958: My Uncle – Jacques Tati 1959: Black Orpheus
Black Orpheus
– Marcel Camus 1960: The Virgin Spring
The Virgin Spring
– Ingmar Bergman 1961: Through a Glass Darkly – Ingmar Bergman 1962: Sundays and Cybele
Sundays and Cybele
– Serge Bourguignon 1963:
– Federico Fellini 1964: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
– Vittorio De Sica 1965: The Shop on Main Street
The Shop on Main Street
Ján Kadár & Elmar Klos 1966: A Man and a Woman
A Man and a Woman
– Claude Lelouch 1967: Closely Watched Trains
Closely Watched Trains
– Jiří Menzel 1968: War and Peace – Sergei Bondarchuk 1969: Z – Costa-Gavras 1970: Investigation of a Citizen Above Suspicion
Investigation of a Citizen Above Suspicion
– Elio Petri 1971: The Garden of the Finzi Continis – Vittorio De Sica 1972: The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie
The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie
– Luis Buñuel 1973: Day for Night – François Truffaut 1974: Amarcord
Amarcord
– Federico Fellini 1975: Dersu Uzala – Akira Kurosawa

1976–2000

1976: Black and White in Color
Black and White in Color
– Jean-Jacques Annaud 1977: Madame Rosa
Madame Rosa
– Moshé Mizrahi 1978: Get Out Your Handkerchiefs
Get Out Your Handkerchiefs
– Bertrand Blier 1979: The Tin Drum – Volker Schlöndorff 1980: Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears
Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears
– Vladimir Menshov 1981: Mephisto – István Szabó 1982: Volver a Empezar ('To Begin Again') – José Luis Garci 1983: Fanny and Alexander
Fanny and Alexander
– Ingmar Bergman 1984: Dangerous Moves
Dangerous Moves
– Richard Dembo 1985: The Official Story
The Official Story
– Luis Puenzo 1986: The Assault – Fons Rademakers 1987: Babette's Feast – Gabriel Axel 1988: Pelle the Conqueror
Pelle the Conqueror
– Bille August 1989: Cinema Paradiso – Giuseppe Tornatore 1990: Journey of Hope – Xavier Koller 1991: Mediterraneo – Gabriele Salvatores 1992: Indochine – Régis Wargnier 1993: Belle Époque – Fernando Trueba 1994: Burnt by the Sun
Burnt by the Sun
– Nikita Mikhalkov 1995: Antonia's Line
Antonia's Line
– Marleen Gorris 1996: Kolya
Kolya
– Jan Svěrák 1997: Character – Mike van Diem 1998: Life Is Beautiful
Life Is Beautiful
– Roberto Benigni 1999: All About My Mother
All About My Mother
– Pedro Almodóvar 2000: Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
– Ang Lee

2001–present

2001: No Man's Land – Danis Tanović 2002: Nowhere in Africa – Caroline Link 2003: The Barbarian Invasions
The Barbarian Invasions
– Denys Arcand 2004: The Sea Inside
The Sea Inside
– Alejandro Amenábar 2005: Tsotsi
Tsotsi
– Gavin Hood 2006: The Lives of Others
The Lives of Others
– Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck 2007: The Counterfeiters – Stefan Ruzowitzky 2008: Departures – Yōjirō Takita 2009: The Secret in Their Eyes
The Secret in Their Eyes
– Juan J. Campanella 2010: In a Better World
In a Better World
– Susanne Bier 2011: A Separation – Asghar Farhadi 2012: Amour – Michael Haneke 2013: The Great Beauty
The Great Beauty
– Paolo Sorrentino 2014: Ida – Paweł Pawlikowski 2015: Son of Saul
Son of Saul
– László Nemes 2016: The Salesman – Asghar Farhadi 2017: A Fantastic Woman
A Fantastic Woman
– Sebastián Lelio

v t e

Films directed by Marleen Gorris

A Question of Silence (1982) Antonia's Line
Antonia's Line
(1995) Mrs Dalloway (1997) The Luzhin Defence
The Luzhin Defence
(2000) Carolina (2003) Within the Whir

.