The Info List - Ann Smith Franklin

Ann Smith Franklin (October 2, 1696 – April 16, 1763) was an American colonial newspaper printer and publisher. She inherited the business from her husband, James Franklin, brother of Benjamin Franklin.[1] She published the Newport, Rhode Island
Newport, Rhode Island
Mercury, printed an almanac series, and printed Rhode Island
Rhode Island
paper currency. She was the country’s first female newspaper editor,[2] the first woman to write an almanac, and the first woman inducted into the University of Rhode Island's Journalism
Hall of Fame.[3][4]


1 Personal life 2 Career 3 Later years 4 Posthumous awards 5 Partial works 6 References

Personal life[edit] Ann was born in Boston
to Samuel and Anna Smith. She married James Franklin in Boston
on February 4, 1723.[3][5] Career[edit] Ann Smith Franklin was the wife of the printer James Franklin and sister-in-law to Benjamin Franklin. After experiencing harsh censorship in Boston—including a jail term—for the supposedly "wicked" articles he published in The New England Courant, James decamped for the freer atmosphere of the colony of Rhode Island. He and Ann brought the first printing press to the colony and published its first newspaper, The Rhode Island
Rhode Island
Gazette. They had five children while in Newport, including daughters Mary and Elizabeth, and son James Jr. (c.1730-1762). James Jr. attended Philadelphia Academy with his cousin William, Benjamin's son, before James Jr. was apprenticed in the printing trade to his uncle Benjamin.[6] After a long illness, James died in Newport in 1735, leaving Ann a widow, aged 39, with three young children to support, one child having preceded him in death.[3][7][8] In 1736, Ann petitioned the General Assembly of Rhode Island, seeking printing work in order to support her family. She was awarded the contract, becoming the General Assembly's official printer to the colony,[2] a position she held until she died.[4] In this official capacity, she printed the colony's charter granted by Charles II of England.[7] To supplement her income, she printed sermons for ministers, advertisements for merchants, as well as popular British novels. Ann's most notable work was compiling and publishing five editions of the Rhode Island
Rhode Island
Almanack, for the years 1737-1741. In 1741, she began selling her brother-in-law Benjamin's alamanac, Poor Richard's Alamanac, and in 1745, she printed 500 copies of the Acts and Laws of Rhode Island
Rhode Island
as a folio edition, her largest commission.[2] Though a second child died young, Mary, Elizabeth, and James Jr. worked in the family business. The daughters performed typesetting while James Jr. ran the business, now called "Ann and James Franklin", with his mother. During this time, however, some of Ann's imprints continued to bear the name "Widow Franklin".[9] In 1758, they published the Newport Mercury, Rhode Island's first newspaper.[4] Later years[edit] As Ann grew older, she turned over many business responsibilities to son James Jr. After the deaths of her remaining children, Ann, then age 65, returned to the printing press. She took on the printer Samuel Hall, who had been her son-in-law,[10] as her business partner in 1761, forming "Franklin & Hall".[9] Under this imprint, they printed a folio of Rhode Island
Rhode Island
schedules.[10] Ann Smith Franklin died in 1763 and was buried in the Newport Common Burying Ground and Island Cemetery.[11] Posthumous awards[edit]

Hall of Fame, University of Rhode Island Yankee Quill Award, 2008[12] Rhode Island
Rhode Island
Heritage Hall of Fame, 1998[13]

Partial works[edit]


Stafford, J. (1736). The Rhode Island
Rhode Island
almanack for the year, 1737. ... Fitted to the meridian of Newport, on Rhode-Island, whose latitude north is 41 gr. 30 m. longitude from London, 72 grs. Newport [R.I.]: Printed and sold by the Widow Franklin, at the town school-house. OCLC 62819626 Stafford, J. (1737). The Rhode-Island almanack for the year, 1738. ... Fitted to the meridian of Newport, on Rhode-Island, whose latitude north is 41 gr. 30 m. longitude from London, 72 grs. but may without sensible error, serve from New Found-land [sic] to South Carolina. Tides excepted. Newport [R.I.]: Printed and sold by the Widow Franklin, at the town school-house. OCLC 62819627 The Rhode-Island almanack for the year, 1739 ... Fitted to the meridian of Newport, on Rhode-Island, whose latitude north is 41 gr. 30 m. longitude from London, 72 grs. But may without sensible error, serve from New-Found-Land to South Carolina. (1738). Newport [R.I.]: Printed and sold by the Widow Franklin at the town school-house. OCLC 55834986 Franklin, A. (1739). The Rhode-Island almanack for the year, 1740.: ... Fitted to the meridian of Newport, on Rhode-Island, whose latitude north is 41 gr. 30 m. longitude from London, 72 grs. But may without sensible error, serve from New Found-land to South Carolina. Tides excepted. Newport [R.I.]: Printed and sold by the Widow Franklin, at the town school-house. OCLC 207876385 The Rhode-Island almanack for the year, 1741. ... Fitted to the meridian of Newport, on Rhode-Island, whose latitude north is 41 gr. 30 m. longitude from London, 72 grs. But may without sensible error, serve from New Found-land to South Carolina. Tides excepted. (1740). Newport [R.I.]: Printed and sold by the Widow Franklin at the town school-house. OCLC 70091132

General Assembly of Rhode Island

(1744). Acts and laws, of His Majesty's colony of Rhode-Island, and Providence-Plantations, in New-England, in America [1 March 1663 - 27 May 1745]. Newport: Printed by the Widow Franklin, and to be sold at the Town School-House. OCLC 18555959 (1744). The charter granted by His Majesty, King Charles II to the Governor and company of the English Colony of Rhode-Island and Providence-Plantations, in New-England in America. Newport: Printed by the Widow Franklin. OCLC 5076592 Franklin, J., & Franklin, A. S. (1759). An act for vesting and distributing intestate estates. Newport, R.I.: Printed by James Franklin. OCLC 5261454


Deloney, T. (1746). Fai[r Rosamond] Ga[?...] who wa[s King Henry] the Seco[nd's concubine], and put [to death] by Queen [Elinor, i]n the bower of Woodstock, near Oxford. Newport [R.I.]: Printed and sold by the Widow Franklin, at the town school-house. OCLC 68587011 Nathan ben Saddi, Dodsley, R., & Chesterfield, P. D. S. (1741). The chronicle of the kings of England, Written in the manner of the ancient Jewish historians. London, printed: Re-printed and sold by the Widow Franklin. OCLC 62565273


Aplin, J. (1737). John Walton's religion, proved not to be the religion of Jesus. Or A confutation of sundry errors published by John Walton, gent. in his book entituled, the religion of Jesus vindicated. Newport [R.I.]: Printed by the Widow Franklin, for the author. OCLC 55821240 Bowler, C., Franklin, J., & Franklin, A. S. (1758). Reflections on the conduct and principles of the Quakers in North-America. Newport, R.I.: Printed by James Franklin. OCLC 5215041

Franklin & Hall

(1761). At the General Assembly of the governor and Company of the English colony of Rhode-Island, and Providence Plantations, in New-England, in America Begun and holden by adjournment, at Newport, within and for the said colony, on Tuesday the twenty-first day of September, in the year of our Lord, one thousand seven hundred and sixty-two, and second of the reign of His Most Sacred Majesty George the Third, by the grace of God, King of Great-Britain, and so forth. : An act for supplying the general treasury with the sum of eight thousand pounds lawful money, by levying a tax upon the inhabitants of this colony. OCLC 55828992 (1762) Remarks on a late performance, sign'd, a freeman of the colony, in answer to a dialogue between the governor of the colony of Rhode-Island, and a freeman of the same colony. OCLC 55827610


^ "Children of Josiah Franklin (1657-1745)". ushistory.org. Archived from the original on 2009-02-09. Retrieved 2008-11-12.  ^ a b c "Famous Rhode Islanders". reed.senate.gov. Archived from the original on 31 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-11.  ^ a b c Fleming, Arline A. "Ann Franklin (1696-1763)". projo.com. Archived from the original on 2011-06-28. Retrieved 2008-11-11.  ^ a b c Mays, Dorothy A. (2004). Women in Early America: Struggle, Survival, and Freedom in a New World. Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-CLIO. pp. 148–149. ISBN 1-85109-429-6.  ^ The National cyclopaedia of American biography Being the history of the United States as illustrated in the lives of the founders, builders, and defenders of the Republic. New York: J.T. White. 1898. p. 17. OCLC 19333907.  ^ Franklin, B.; Labaree, L.W.; Morgan, E.S. (2003). The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin: Second Edition. Yale University Press. p. 282. ISBN 0-300-09858-8.  ^ a b Davidson, Rebecca W. (2004-02-16). "Ann Smith Franklin". Princeton University Library. Retrieved 2008-11-11.  ^ "Colonial Newspaper Printer and Publisher". History of American Women. Retrieved 2008-11-16.  ^ a b Field, Edward (1902). State of Rhode Island
Rhode Island
and Providence Plantations at the End of the Century: A History. Mason Pub. Co. p. 565.  ^ a b Hammett, Charles Edward (June 1887). A Contribution to the Bibliography and Literature of Newport, R. I.: Comprising a List of Books Published Or Printed, in Newport, with Notes and Additions. Newport, R.I.: C. E. Hammett. pp. 6, 128. OCLC 3288133.  ^ https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/59963655/ann-franklin ^ "Four New England journalists, including a pioneer from the Colonial-era, will receive the Yankee Quill Award this fall for their contributions to the betterment of journalism in the region". bostonherald.com. 2008. Retrieved 2011-08-25.  ^ "James & Ann Smith Franklin". Rhode Island
Rhode Island
Heritage Hall of Fame. Heritage Harbor Museum. Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 

v t e

Rhode Island
Rhode Island
Women's Hall of Fame


Glenna Collett Vare Eileen Farrell Ruth Hussey E. Doris Brennan Paula Deubel Carole Garnett-Wheeler Clara LaMore Janet Moreau Albina Osipowich Lois Ann Testa JoAnne Carner June Rockwell Levy Mary Tucker Thorp


Jean Madeira Ruth Buzzi Ida Silverman Margaret F. Ackroyd Catherine S. Robinson Gertrude Meth Hochberg Matilda Sissieretta Joyner Jones Antoinette Downing Frances G. Knight Princess Red Wing


Diane L. Coutu Florence K. Murray Anna Tucker Katherine Urquhart Warren Eleanor Slater Katharine Gibbs Olive F. Wiley Eleanor M. McMahon Sister Mary Bernard Sister Eileen Murphy Marion F. Avarista


Ade Bethune Gladys Williams Brayton Mary P. Brennan Nancy A. J. Potter Mary Crowley Mulvey Lizzie Murphy Barbara-Jeanne Seabury Helen A. Bert Catherine Tilley Hammett Helen Adelia Rowe Metcalf Arlene Violet Mary Dyer Sylvia Hassenfeld Anne Hutchinson Margaret Langdon-Kelly Maria Spacagna Helen Metcalf Danforth Ann Smith Franklin Sarah Updike Goddard Beatrice Oenslager Chace


Doris Holloway Abels Prudence Crandall Doris Duke Mary Elizabeth Sharpe Harriet Ware Elizabeth Buffum Chace Leona McElroy Kelly Mary Francis Xavier Warde Catharine R. Williams Christiana Carteaux Bannister Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis Julia Ward Howe Victoria Lederberg Sara DeCosta-Hayes Lynne Jewell Helen Johns Katie King-Crowley Frances Harriet Whipple Green McDougall Harriet Metcalf Aileen Riggin Lila Sapinsley Sarah Helen Whitman Sarah Elizabeth Doyle Norma Ann Garnett Ida Lewis Alice A. Sullivan Therese Antone Nancy Gewirtz Barbara H. Roberts Anna Garlin Spencer Mary Emma Woolley Maud Howe Elliott Marjorie Joy Vogel Annie Smith Peck


Kathleen S. Connell Susan Farmer Caroline Hazard Jane Stuart Karen Adams Eileen Slocum Mary C. Wheeler Wilma Briggs Billie Ann Burrill Martha McSally Lucy Rawlings Tootell Catherine O'Reilly Collette Isabelle Ahearn O'Neill Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Margaret McKenna Noreen Stonor Drexel

v t e

Benjamin Franklin

January 6, 1706 – April 17, 1790 President of Pennsylvania (1785–1788), Ambassador to France (1779–1785) Second Continental Congress
Second Continental Congress

Founding of the United States

Join, or Die
Join, or Die
(1754 political cartoon) Albany Plan
Albany Plan
of Union

Albany Congress

Hutchinson Letters Affair Committee of Secret Correspondence Committee of Five Declaration of Independence Model Treaty

Franco-American alliance Treaty of Amity and Commerce Treaty of Alliance

Staten Island Peace Conference Treaty of Paris, 1783 Delegate, 1787 Constitutional Convention Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly Postmaster General Founding Fathers

Inventions, other events

Franklin's electrostatic machine Bifocals Franklin stove Glass armonica Gulf Stream exploration, naming, and chart Lightning rod Kite experiment Pay it forward Associators

111th Infantry Regiment

Junto club American Philosophical Society Library Company of Philadelphia Pennsylvania Hospital Academy and College of Philadelphia

University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia Contributionship Union Fire Company Early American currency Fugio Cent United States Postal Service President, Pennsylvania Abolition Society Master, Les Neuf Sœurs Other social contributions and studies Gravesite


Silence Dogood
Silence Dogood
letters (1722) A Dissertation on Liberty and Necessity, Pleasure and Pain (1725) The Busy-Body
The Busy-Body
letters (1729) Pennsylvania Gazette
Pennsylvania Gazette
(1729–1790) Poor Richard's Almanack
Poor Richard's Almanack
(1732–1758) The Drinker's Dictionary (1737) "Advice to a Friend on Choosing a Mistress" (1745) "The Speech of Polly Baker" (1747) Observations Concerning the Increase of Mankind, Peopling of Countries, etc. (1751) Experiments and Observations on Electricity
Experiments and Observations on Electricity
(1751) Birch letters (1755) The Way to Wealth
The Way to Wealth
(1758) Pennsylvania Chronicle
Pennsylvania Chronicle
(1767) Rules by Which a Great Empire May Be Reduced to a Small One (1773) Proposed alliance with the Iroquois (1775) A Letter To A Royal Academy (1781) Remarks Concerning the Savages of North America (1784) The Morals of Chess (1786) An Address to the Public (1789) A Plan for Improving the Condition of the Free Blacks (1789) The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
(1771–90, pub. 1791) Bagatelles and Satires
Bagatelles and Satires
(pub. 1845) Franklin as a journalist


Franklin Court Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
House Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
Institute of Technology Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
National Memorial Franklin Institute Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
Medal Depicted in The Apotheosis of Washington Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
statue, Washington D.C. In popular culture

Ben and Me (1953 short) Ben Franklin in Paris
Ben Franklin in Paris
(1964 musical play) 1776 (1969 musical 1972 film) Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
(1974 miniseries) Liberty! (1997 documentary series) Liberty's Kids
Liberty's Kids
(2002 animated series) Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
(2002 documentary series) John Adams (2008 miniseries) Sons of Liberty (2015 miniseries) Sons of Ben (supporters group for the Philadelphia Union soccer club

Refunding Certificate Franklin half dollar One-hundred dollar bill Washington-Franklin stamps

other stamps

Cities, counties, schools named for Franklin Franklin Field State of Franklin Ships named USS Franklin Ben Franklin effect


Age of Enlightenment American Enlightenment The New-England Courant The American Museum magazine American Revolution


Syng inkstand


Deborah Read
Deborah Read
(wife) Sarah Franklin Bache
Sarah Franklin Bache
(daughter) Francis Franklin (son) William Franklin
William Franklin
(son) Richard Bache Jr. (grandson) Benjamin F. Bache (grandson) Louis F. Bache (grandson) William Franklin
William Franklin
(grandson) Andrew Harwood (great-grandson) Alexander Bache (great-grandson) Josiah Franklin (father) Jane Mecom (sister) James Franklin (brother) Mary Morrell Folger (grandmother) Peter Folger (grandfather) Richard Bache
Richard Bache
(son-in-law) Ann Smith Franklin (sister-in-law)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 43371871 LCCN: n87913802 ISNI: 0000 0000 2690 552X ULAN: 500121350 SN