HOME
The Info List - Angelo Sodano


--- Advertisement ---



Angelo Raffaele Sodano, GCC (born 23 November 1927) is an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Church who has served as Dean of the College of Cardinals
College of Cardinals
since 2005. He was Cardinal Secretary of State from 1991 to 2006. On 27 April 2005, he was elected Dean of the College of Cardinals. Sodano was the first person since 1828 to serve simultaneously as Dean and Secretary of State. On 22 June 2006, Benedict XVI accepted Sodano's resignation as Secretary of State, effective on 15 September 2006. He was succeeded by Tarcisio Bertone, then Archbishop of Genoa.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Apostolic nuncio 3 Secretary of State 4 Sex abuse cases 5 Honors and awards

5.1 Foreign honors 5.2 Dynastic Orders 5.3 Awards

6 References 7 External links

Early life[edit] The second of six children, Sodano was born on 23 November 1927 in Isola d'Asti, Piedmont, to Giovanni and Delfina Sodano. His father was a Christian Democrat deputy in the Italian Parliament for three terms from 1948 until 1963. After studying philosophy and theology at the seminary of Asti,[1] Sodano was ordained a priest by Bishop Umberto Rossi on 23 September 1950, and then did pastoral work and taught dogmatic theology at the Asti
Asti
seminary. He studied in Rome at the Pontifical Gregorian University, where he obtained a doctorate in theology, and at the Pontifical Lateran University, earning a doctorate in canon law. In 1959 he entered the diplomatic corps of the Holy See. He served as secretary in nunciatures in Latin America. In 1968 he was assigned to the Council for the Public Affairs of the Church in the Vatican.[1] Apostolic nuncio[edit] On 30 November 1977, Sodano, who speaks English, German, Spanish, French and Italian, was appointed titular archbishop of Nova Caesaris and apostolic nuncio to Chile, one of the countries where he had served as nunciature secretary.[1] He was consecrated in his native Asti
Asti
by Cardinal Antonio Samoré
Antonio Samoré
on 15 January 1978. He arrived at a difficult moment, with Chile
Chile
on the brink of war with Argentina
Argentina
over the Beagle Channel
Beagle Channel
and Augusto Pinochet
Augusto Pinochet
in power.[2] In 1980, together with Cardinal Raúl Silva Henríquez, he tried without success to get Pinochet to allow the return of certain political exiles, and in 1984 he obtained, at the cost of a dispute between the Holy See
Holy See
and the military government of Chile, safe conduct for four members of the Revolutionary Left Movement, who had sought diplomatic asylum in the nunciature, to leave for Ecuador.[2] In 1987, when Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
visited Chile, Pinochet availed of the visit that the Pope regularly paid to a country's head of state to get the Pope to appear with him at a balcony of the presidential palace, although this was not in the agreed program. On the other hand, Sodano arranged a meeting in the nunciature between the Pope and the leaders of the opposition.[2] The following year, the Pope appointed Sodano Secretary for Relations with States, a post corresponding to that of a foreign minister, and on 1 December 1990 named him Secretary of State, creating him Cardinal-Priest
Cardinal-Priest
of S. Maria Nuova
S. Maria Nuova
on 28 June 1991. Secretary of State[edit]

The two Secretaries of State: Cardinal Sodano (Secretary of State of the Holy See) with Condoleezza Rice
Condoleezza Rice
(Secretary of State of the U.S.).

On 29 June 1991, Sodano became Cardinal Secretary of State
Cardinal Secretary of State
succeeding Cardinal Agostino Casaroli
Agostino Casaroli
who had retired on 1 December 1990. On 10 January 1994, Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
named Sodano Cardinal Bishop of the suburbicarian see of Albano. Sodano retained his relationship to the church of Santa Maria Nuova no longer as titular but in commendam, that is, in trust or in his custody.[3] On 27 December 1998, he wrote, at the request of the democratic government of Chile, an official letter to the British Prime Minister Tony Blair
Tony Blair
stating that "the Chilean Government considers it an offence to its territorial sovereignty as a nation the fact of being deprived of the power to judge its own citizens" through the detention of Pinochet in Britain.[2] When in 2002 Sodano turned 75, John Paul invited him to stay on as Secretary of State, though this is the customary retirement age for heads of major Vatican departments. On 30 November 2002, exactly twenty-five years after he was first appointed a bishop, he was elected vice-dean of the College of Cardinals, succeeding Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, who became Dean. When Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
died on 2 April 2005, Sodano, who participated in the 2005 papal conclave, was not generally seen as one of the papabili, the cardinals likely to become the next pope. This was largely due to his advanced age (although he is seven months younger than the cardinal who was eventually elected, Joseph Ratzinger, who took the name Benedict XVI), and his lack of experience outside the Roman Curia. During the conclave, because Cardinal Ratzinger, the pope-elect, was the Dean, Sodano as the Sub-Dean exercised the duties normally allotted to the Dean in asking the pope-elect if he accepted his election and by what name he would be called. Also as the Sub-Dean and the most senior Cardinal-Bishop, Cardinal Sodano discharged the duties normally allotted to the Dean at the new pope's papal inauguration. At the papal inauguration, Sodano presented Pope Benedict XVI with the Ring of the Fisherman, and along with the protopriest Stephen Kim Sou-hwan
Stephen Kim Sou-hwan
and the protodeacon Jorge Arturo Medina Estévez, was one of the three cardinals who made the public profession of obedience to the new pope. Sodano's position as Secretary of State expired upon the death of John Paul II. Benedict XVI reappointed him to the position on 21 April 2005, despite the fact that he was past the customary retirement age. On 30 April Benedict ratified Sodano's election to the position of Dean of the College of Cardinals
Dean of the College of Cardinals
by the suburbicarian Cardinal Bishops, adding as was customary the suburbicarian see of Ostia to his honorary titles. At the same time, Sodano retained in commendam the cardinal-priest title to the church of S. Maria Nuova.[3] On 22 June 2006, Benedict XVI appointed Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone
Tarcisio Bertone
to replace Sodano as the Secretary of State. On 18 September 2012, Sodano was named by Pope Benedict XVI
Pope Benedict XVI
as one of the Synod Fathers of the 13th Ordinary General Assembly of the Catholic Synod of Bishops. When Pope Benedict XVI
Pope Benedict XVI
resigned, Sodano as Dean of the College of Cardinals summoned the cardinals for the conclave during the sede vacante and was the principal concelebrant of the Pro eligendo Pontifice mass on the morning the conclave opened. He was not eligible to participate in the conclave, which elected Pope Francis. At the inauguration of the new pope, Sodano, as Dean of the College, presented the Ring of the Fisherman to Francis. Sex abuse cases[edit] Jason Berry writes that Sodano, as John Paul II's secretary of state, "pressured Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, the future Pope Benedict, in two notorious cases," the Hans Hermann Groër
Hans Hermann Groër
case and the Marcial Maciel case, to stop investigations into abuse.[4] In his address as Dean of the College of Cardinals
College of Cardinals
to Pope Benedict XVI
Pope Benedict XVI
at Easter 2010, Sodano told him: "The people of God are with you and do not allow themselves to be impressed by the petty gossip of the moment, by the trials that sometimes assail the community of believers." Victims of clerical sex abuse interpreted the "petty gossip" remark as a highly inappropriate reference to their complaints.[5][6] On 8 May 2010, the Austrian Catholic news agency Kathpress published remarks made by Cardinal Christoph Schönborn
Christoph Schönborn
in what was supposed to be a private conversation with newspaper editors. The Austrian cardinal criticized Sodano's "petty gossip" comment, and indicated that Sodano had blocked actions of then-Cardinal Ratzinger, who was serving as head of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, had intended to investigate accusations against Schönborn's predecessor Cardinal Hans Hermann Groër. Schönborn added: "The days of cover-up are over. For a long while the Church's principle of forgiveness was falsely interpreted and was in favour of those responsible and not the victims."[7][8] Honors and awards[edit] Foreign honors[edit]

1990 –  Portugal : Grand Cross of the Order of Christ [9] 1995 –  Malta : Honorary Companion of Honour of the National Order of Merit (04.02.1995[10]) 1988 –  Italy : Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana) 1997 –  Slovakia : Grand Cross (or 1st Class) of the Order of the White Double Cross[11] 2001 –  Sovereign Order of Malta : Collar of the Order Pro Merito Melitense 2004 –  Romania : Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Star of Romania 2006 –  Poland : Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland

Dynastic Orders[edit]

2002:  House of Savoy: Order of the Most Holy Annunciation (Ordine Supremo della Santissima Annunziata)

Awards[edit]

2004: International Vittorino Colombo Prize (Fondazione Vittorino Colombo – Prizes)

References[edit]

Catholicism portal

^ a b c "Sodano Card. Angelo". Holy See
Holy See
Press Office. Archived from the original on 19 September 2016. Retrieved 4 November 2017.  ^ a b c d Sodano, el contacto de Chile
Chile
en el Vaticano in El Mercurio on 21 November 2004. Retrieved 22 September 2008 ^ a b Miranda, Salvador. "SODANO, Angelo". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Retrieved 23 February 2014.  ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/12/opinion/the-pope-could-still-right-the-wrongs.html?_r=0 ^ Reuters, 4 April 2010: Cardinal defends pope, denounces 'petty gossip'" ^ Cardinal tells Pope not to be distracted by 'petty gossip’ ^ Reuters, 9 May 2010: "Cardinal accuses Vatican official of abuse cover-up" ^ Vatican cardinal attacks fellow cardinal for 'covering up' abuse case ^ Website of Portuguese Presidency of the Republic ^ Prime Minister of Malta
Malta
Website, Honorary Appointments to the National Order of Merit Archived 7 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Slovak republic website, State honours : 1st Class received in 1997 (click on "Holders of the Order of the 1st Class White Double Cross" to see the holders' table)

External links[edit] Media related to Angelo Sodano
Angelo Sodano
at Wikimedia Commons

"Sodano Card. Angelo". Holy See
Holy See
Press Office. Archived from the original on 19 September 2016. Retrieved 4 November 2017.  Cardinal Sodano – "Look Upwards"

Diplomatic posts

Preceded by Sotero Sanz Villalba Apostolic Nuncio to Chile 30 November 1977 – 23 May 1988 Succeeded by Giulio Einaudi

Political offices

Preceded by Achille Silvestrini Secretary for Relations with States 1 March 1989 – 1 December 1990 Succeeded by Jean-Louis Tauran

Preceded by Agostino Casaroli Cardinal Secretary of State 29 June 1991 – 22 June 2006 Succeeded by Tarcisio Bertone, SDB

Catholic Church
Catholic Church
titles

Preceded by Joseph Ratzinger Dean of the College of Cardinals 30 April 2005 – present Incumbent

v t e

Deans of the College of Cardinals

R. d'Elci (1670–1761) (1737, 1755) G. Spinelli (1694–1763) (1735, 1761) C. Cavalchini (1683–1774) (1743, 1763) G. Albani (1720–1803) (1747, 1774) H. Stuart (1725–1807) (1747, 1803) L. Antonelli (1730–1811) (1775, 1807) A. Mattei (1744–1820) (1779, 1814) G. della Somaglia (1744–1830) (1795, 1820) B. Pacca (1756–1844) (1801, 1830) L. Micara (1775–1847) (1824, 1844) V. Macchi (1770–1860) (1826, 1847) M. Mattei (1792–1870) (1832, 1860) C. Naro (1798–1876) (1834, 1870) L. di San Filippo e Sorso (1796–1878) (1837, 1876) C. di Pietro (1806–1884) (1853, 1878) C. Sacconi (1808–1889) (1861, 1884) R. Monaco La Valletta (1827–1896) (1868, 1889) L. Oreglia di Santo Stefano (1828–1913) (1873, 1896) S. Vannutelli (1834–1915) (1887, 1913) V. Vannutelli (1836–1930) (1889, 1915) G. Granito Pignatelli di Belmonte (1851–1948) (1911, 1930) F. Marchetti-Selvaggiani (1871–1951) (1930, 1948) E. Tisserant (1884–1972) (1936, 1951) A. G. Cicognani (1883–1973) (1958, 1972) L. Traglia (1895–1977) (1960, 1974) C. Confalonieri (1893–1986) (1958, 1977) A. Rossi (1913–1995) (1965, 1986) B. Gantin (1922–2008) (1977, 1993) J. Ratzinger (1927–) (1977, 2002) A. Sodano (1927–) (1991, 2005)

Catholicism portal

v t e

Living cardinals of the Catholic Church

By order of precedence in the College of Cardinals
College of Cardinals
under Pope Francis

Cardinal bishops

Sodano Re Etchegaray Arinze Bertone Saraiva Martins Sfeir Naguib Raï

Cardinal priests

Kitbunchu do Nascimento Danneels Williams Obando Bravo Gulbinowicz Tomko Poupard Wetter Simonis Martínez Somalo Silvestrini Freire Falcão dos Santos Tumi Cassidy López Rodríguez Mahony Ruini Schwery Ortega y Alamino Darmaatmadja Wamala Maida Puljić Sandoval Íñiguez Medina Estévez Castrillón Hoyos Stafford De Giorgi Fernandes de Araújo Rouco Varela Pengo Schönborn Rivera Carrera Jaworski Pujats Cacciavillan Sebastiani Grocholewski Sepe Kasper Agnelo Rubiano Sáenz McCarrick Bačkis Errázuriz Ossa Napier Rodríguez Maradiaga Cipriani Thorne Álvarez Martínez Hummes Poletto Tauran Herranz Casado Lozano Barragán Scola Okogie Zubeir Wako Amigo Vallejo Rigali Scheid Antonelli Turkson Toppo Pell Bozanić Mẫn Barbarin Erdő Ouellet Levada Rodé Vallini Urosa Savino Rosales Ricard Cañizares Llovera Cheong O'Malley Dziwisz Zen Vanhoye Brady Martínez Sistach Vingt-Trois Bagnasco Sarr Gracias Robles Ortega DiNardo Scherer Njue Karlic Vela Chiriboga Monsengwo Pasinya Romeo Wuerl Damasceno Assis Nycz Patabendige Don Marx Estepa Llaurens Alencherry Collins Duka Eijk Betori Dolan Woelki Tong Mureșan Thottunkal Onaiyekan Salazar Gómez Tagle Parolin Nichols Brenes Solórzano Lacroix Kutwa Tempesta Bassetti Poli Yeom Ezzati Andrello Ouédraogo Quevedo Langlois Sebastián Aguilar Felix Macário do Nascimento Clemente Souraphiel Dew Menichelli Nhơn Suárez Inda Bo Kovithavanij Montenegro Sturla Berhouet Blázquez Pérez Lacunza Maestrojuán Gomes Furtado Mafi Pimiento Rodríguez Villalba Langa Nzapalainga Osoro Sierra da Rocha Cupich D'Rozario Porras Cardozo De Kesel Piat Aguiar Retes Ribat Tobin Fernandez Corti Khoarai Zerbo Omella Omella Arborelius Mangkhanekhoun Rosa Chávez

Cardinal deacons

Martino Sandri Lajolo Cordes Comastri Ryłko Farina Amato Sarah Monterisi Burke Koch Sardi Piacenza Ravasi Sgreccia Brandmüller Filoni Monteiro de Castro Abril y Castelló Vegliò Bertello Coccopalmerio Braz de Aviz O'Brien Calcagno Versaldi Grech Harvey Baldisseri Müller Stella Mamberti De Magistris Rauber Zenari Farrell Simoni

Cardinals ineligible to participate in a papal conclave are displayed in italics

Category Media Catholicism portal

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 85457471 ISNI: 0000 0001 2096 5289 GND: 12044819X SUDOC: 033456526 BNF: cb12432022j (da

.