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Angelo Scola
Angelo Scola
(Italian pronunciation: [ˈandʒelo ˈskɔːla]) (born 7 November 1941) is an Italian Cardinal of the Catholic Church, philosopher and theologian. He was appointed Archbishop of Milan
Milan
by Pope Benedict XVI
Pope Benedict XVI
on 28 June 2011.[1] He had served as Patriarch of Venice from 2002 to 2011. He was elevated to the rank of cardinal in 2003.

Contents

1 Biography

1.1 Early life 1.2 Bishop of Grosseto 1.3 Rector of Lateran University and offices in Roman Curia 1.4 Patriarch of Venice 1.5 Archbishop of Milan

2 Works 3 References 4 External links

Biography[edit] Early life[edit] Scola was born in Malgrate, Milan, to Carlo Scola, a truck driver,[2] and Regina Colombo. He was the younger of two sons; Pietro, his elder brother, died in 1983. He attended high school at the Manzoni Lyceum in Lecco,[2] where he participated in the youth movement Gioventù Studentesca (Student Youth). He studied philosophy at the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart from 1964 to 1967, obtaining his doctorate with a dissertation on Christian philosophy. During this time served as vice-president and thereafter President of the Milanese diocesan chapter of the Federazione Universitaria Cattolica Italiana, the university student wing of Catholic Action. At the university Scola met Luigi Giussani, the founder of the Catholic movement Communion and Liberation. After earning his degree in philosophy and teaching in high schools, Scola decided to become a priest and entered in the Archiepiscopal seminary of Milan, studying one year in Saronno
Saronno
and the others in Venegono. In 1969 Scola asked to the Seminary of Venegono to be ordained Subdeacon
Subdeacon
ahead of time but he was not allowed to. Following the advice of Luigi Giussani, in summer 1969 Scola moved to the seminary of the Diocese of Teramo-Atri where he studied one year.[3] On 18 July 1970 Scola was ordained to the priesthood in Teramo
Teramo
by Bishop Abele Conigli. He then attained a second doctorate in theology from the University of Fribourg in Switzerland. He wrote his dissertation on the works of St. Thomas Aquinas. An active collaborator in the Communion and Liberation movement from the early 1970s, Scola was the Italian editor of the journal Communio
Communio
founded by Henri de Lubac, Hans Urs von Balthasar, and Joseph Ratzinger (later to become Pope Benedict XVI).[2] He conducted book-length interviews with de Lubac and von Balthasar.[2] After periods of study in Munich
Munich
and Paris and time spent in pastoral work, Scola returned to Fribourg to work as research assistant to the chair of political philosophy at Friburg from 1979 and thereafter Assistant Professor of Fundamental Moral Theology, a position he held until 1982 when he was appointed Professor of Theological Anthropology at the Pontifical John Paul II Institute for Studies on Marriage and Family in Rome and Professor of Contemporary Christology at the Pontifical Lateran University. He founded the Studium Generale Marcianum, an academic institute, and the journal Oasis, published in Italian, English, French, Arabic and Urdu as an outreach to Christians in the Muslim world.[2] From 1986 to 1991 Scola served the Roman Curia
Roman Curia
as consultor to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. At the various institutes where he taught he promoted the establishment of bursaries to enable foreign students, particularly those from poorer countries, to study in Italy. Bishop of Grosseto[edit] Scola was named Bishop of Grosseto on 18 July 1991, and was consecrated by Cardinal Bernardin Gantin
Bernardin Gantin
(with Bishops Abele Conigli and Adelmo Tacconi serving as co-consecrators) on the following 21 September. As Bishop of Grosseto he promoted a renewal of catechesis in the diocese. Scola chose as his episcopal motto Sufficit gratia tua ("Your grace suffices", 2 Corinthians 12:9). Among Scola's chief pastoral concerns in Grosseto were the education of children and youths, vocations and clergy formation (he reopened the diocesan seminary), new approaches to parish life, the pastoral care of labourers (particularly during the difficult period of the dismantling of mines in Grosseto), culture and the family, and the opening of a diocesan mission in Santa Cruz, Bolivia. During this period he wrote and published a book aimed at young people on the subject of the educative mission of the Church. In his pastoral capacity as bishop, Scola paid particular attention to the issues of education, youth, clergy formation, renewal of parish life, pastoral care of workers, culture and the family. Rector of Lateran University and offices in Roman Curia[edit]

Arms of Cardinal Scola of Venice

Scola in 1995 resigned as bishop of Grosseto to serve as rector of the Pontifical Lateran University
Pontifical Lateran University
in Rome and President of the Pontifical John Paul II Institute for Studies on Marriage and Family in Rome, with a term spent as visiting professor at the counterpart Institute in Washington, D.C., during which time he wrote a monograph on the theology of von Balthasar. In 1995 he became a member of the Congregation for the Clergy. He also served as member of the Episcopal Commission for Catholic Education of the Italian Bishops' Conference and, from 1996, as president of the Committee for Institutes of Religious Studies which addresses questions of the theological formation of the laity in Italy. From 1996 to 2001 Scola was a member of the Pontifical Council for Health Workers and wrote several texts on issues around health care. In 1996 he was named a member to the Pontifical Council for the Family. On 17 January 2009 he was appointed a member of the Pontifical Council for Culture by Pope Benedict.[4] On 5 January 2011 he was appointed among the first members of the newly created Pontifical Council for the Promotion of the New Evangelisation.[5] He is also a member of the Congregation for Divine Worship. Patriarch of Venice[edit]

Cardinal Scola blessing the faithful with the Blessed Sacrament
Blessed Sacrament
in Venice, 2005.

Scola was appointed Patriarch of Venice
Patriarch of Venice
on 5 January 2002, elected President of the Bishops' Conference of the Triveneta region on 9 April 2002 and created Cardinal-Priest
Cardinal-Priest
of Santi XII Apostoli
Santi XII Apostoli
on 21 October 2003. As patriarch Scola developed a reputation of openness and pastoral concern. In Venice, for instance, he set aside Wednesday mornings to meet anyone who wanted to see him, whether or not they had an appointment.[6] After the death of Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
in 2005, Scola was considered to be among the papabili in the 2005 papal conclave
2005 papal conclave
that elected Joseph Ratzinger, Pope Benedict XVI.[2] Archbishop of Milan[edit] On 28 June 2011 he was appointed to replace Cardinal Dionigi Tettamanzi as Archbishop of Milan, and he left the office of Patriarch of Venice. On 9 September 2011 he took possession of the Archdiocese of Milan
Milan
by proxy, becoming the Archbishop of Milan
Milan
to all intents and purposes.[7] Cardinal Scola received from Pope Benedict XVI
Pope Benedict XVI
the pallium of Metropolitan Archbishop of Milan
Milan
on 21 September 2011 at Castel Gandolfo. The new Archbishop entered the city of Milan
Milan
on 25 September 2011 and on that date he was enthroned in his Cathedral with a solemn Mass for the beginning of his pastoral ministry in the See of Milan.[8] On 7 March 2012 he was appointed a member of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches.[9] On 21 April he was appointed a member of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. Cardinal Scola knows Italian (as well as Lecchese dialect), English, German, French and little Spanish.[10] In 2013, Scola again was a leading candidate to be elected pope[11]—and one Italian representative mistakenly announced Scola's election[12]—in the conclave that elected Cardinal Jorge Bergoglio, Pope Francis. Pope Francis
Pope Francis
accepted Scola's resignation on 7 July 2017 and appointed Bishop Mario Delpini
Mario Delpini
as his successor.[13] In retirement, Scola plans to live in Imberido, a village near Lake Annone.[14] Works[edit] Scola is the author of numerous theological and pedagogical works on topics such as bio-medical ethics, theological anthropology, human sexuality and marriage and the family, which have been translated into several languages. In addition, he is the author of more than 120 articles published in scholarly journals of philosophy and theology.

Published works

Hans Urs Von Balthasar: A Theological Style. Eerdmans Publishing Company. 1 September 1995. ISBN 0-8028-0894-8.  The Nuptial Mystery. Eerdmans Publishing Company. 15 February 2005. ISBN 0-8028-2831-0. 

Online texts

Which Foundation? (PDF file) The Nuptial Mystery: A Perspective for Systematic Theology? (PDF file) Christian Experience and Theology Satanic Rites in the Church's Judgement

References[edit]

^ "Rinuncia dell'Arcivescovo Mentropolita di Milano (Italia) e nomina del successore" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 28 June 2011. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2011.  ^ a b c d e f "Scholarly Venice cardinal intent on raising church's profile". Catholic News Service (via AmericanCatholic.org). 1 April 2005. Archived from the original on 27 September 2015. Retrieved 27 September 2015. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ Tornielli, Andrea (6 November 2011). "Scola, ecco perchè lasciò il seminario di Milano". La Stampa. Archived from the original on 18 April 2015. Retrieved 12 February 2013.  ^ "Nomina di membri e di consultori del Pontificio Consiglio della Cultura" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 17 January 2009. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2011.  ^ "Nomina di membri del Pontificio Consiglio per la Promozione della Nuova Evangelizzazione" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 5 January 2011. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2011.  ^ Allen Jr., John L. (1 July 2011). "Meet the new Crown Prince of Catholicism". National Catholic Review. Retrieved 12 March 2013.  ^ "La presa di possesso del nuovo Arcivescovo" (Press release) (in Italian). Chiesa di Milano. 9 September 2011. Archived from the original on 2 August 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2011.  ^ "Angelo Cardinal Scola". Catholic Hierarchy. Retrieved 30 September 2011.  ^ "Rinunce E Nomine". Catholica.va. 7 March 2012. Archived from the original on 25 September 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2013.  ^ Barry, Colleen (6 March 2013). "Scola Reaches Youth Through Kerouac and McCarthy". ABC News. Retrieved 10 March 2013.  ^ Taylor, Adam (8 March 2013). "The Archbishop Of Milan
Milan
Is Emerging As A Clear Papal Favorite". Business Insider. Retrieved 21 June 2017.  ^ Drew, Mark (25 March 2013). "Did the pundits get this year's conclave spectacularly wrong?". Catholic Herald. Retrieved 21 June 2017.  ^ O'Connell, Gerard (7 July 2017). " Pope Francis
Pope Francis
accepts Scola's resignation, appoints native son Delpini to Milan". America. Retrieved 7 July 2017.  ^ Allen Jr., John L. (7 July 2017). "Pope's move in Milan
Milan
confirms that a 'Francis bishop' doesn't have to mean rupture". CRUX. Retrieved 7 July 2017. 

External links[edit]

"Scola Card. Angelo". Holy See Press Office. Archived from the original on 4 September 2017. Retrieved 26 November 2017.  Official website Salt+Light Media: Habemus Papabili – John Allen on Cardinal Angelo Scola on YouTube International Journal Oasis

Catholic Church
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titles

Preceded by Adelmo Tacconi Bishop of Grosseto 20 July 1991 – 14 September 1995 Succeeded by Giacomo Babini

Preceded by Marco Cé Patriarch of Venice 5 January 2002 – 28 June 2011 Succeeded by Francesco Moraglia

Preceded by Giovanni Battista Re Cardinal-Priest
Cardinal-Priest
of Santi XII Apostoli 21 October 2003 – present Succeeded by Incumbent

Preceded by Dionigi Tettamanzi Archbishop of Milan 9 September 2011 – 7 July 2017 Succeeded by Mario Delpini

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Bishops and Archbishops of Milan

Ancient age

St Barnabas
Barnabas
(1st-century, his coming to Milan
Milan
is probably legendary) St Anathalon St Caius St Castricianus St Calimerius
Calimerius
(about 270 – 280) St Monas (283–313?) St Mirocles (313–316?) St Maternus (316–328?) St Protasius (328–343?) St Eustorgius I
Eustorgius I
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Ambrose
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Simplician
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Marolus
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Eustorgius II
(512–518) St Magnus (518–530?) St Dacius (530–552) Vitale (552–556) St Ausanus (556–559?)

Genoa period

St Honoratus (560–571?) Frontone (571–573?) Lawrence II (573–592) Constantius (593–600) Deodatus (601–628) Asterius (629–639) Forte (639–641)

Middle Ages

St John the Good (641–669) St Antonino (669–671) St Maurilio (671) St Ampelius (671–676) St Mansuetus (676–685) St Benedict (685–732) Theodorus II (732–746) St Natalis (746–747) Arifred (747–748) Stabile (748–750) Leto (751–755) Thomas (755–783) Peter (784–803) Odelpert (803–813) St Anselm I (813–818) St Buono (818–822) Angilbert I (822–823) Angilbert II Pusterla (824–859) Tadone (860–868) Anspert (868–881) Anselmo II Capra (882–896) Landulf I (896–899) Andrea of Canciano (899–906) Aicone (906–918) Gariberto of Besana (918–921) Lambert (921–931) Elduin (931–936) Arderico (936–948) Adelman (948–953) Walpert (953–970) Arnulf I (970–974) Gotofredo I (974–979) Landulf II of Carcano (980–998) Arnolfo II da Arsago (998–1018) Ariberto da Intimiano (1018–1045) St Guido da Velate (1045–1069) Attone (1070–1075) Gotofredo II da Castiglione (1070–1075, antibishop) Tebald da Castiglione (1075–1080) Anselmo III da Rho (1086–1093) Arnolfo III (1093–1097) Anselmo IV da Bovisio (1097–1101) Grosolanus (1102–1112) Giordano da Clivio (1112–1120) Ulrich da Corte (1120–1126) Anselmo della Pusterla (1126–1135) Robaldo (1135–1145) Umberto I da Pirovano (1146–1166) St Galdino della Sala
Galdino della Sala
(1166–1176) Algisio da Pirovano (1176–1185) Umberto II Crivelli (1185–1187, elected Pope Urban III) Milone da Cardano (1187–1195) Umberto III da Terzago (1195–1196) Filippo I da Lampugnano (1196–1206) Umberto IV da Pirovano (1206–1211) Gerardo da Sessa (1211–1212) Enrico I da Settala (1213–1230) Guglielmo I da Rizolio (1230–1241) Leon da Perego (1241–1257) Ottone Visconti
Ottone Visconti
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Cassone della Torre
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Roberto Visconti
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Gabriele Sforza
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Giovanni Arcimboldi
(1484–1488) Guido Antonio Arcimboldi (1488–1497) Ottaviano Arcimboldi (1497) Ippolito d'Este
Ippolito d'Este
(1497–1520) Ippolito II d'Este
Ippolito II d'Este
(1520–1550) Giovan Angelo Arcimboldi (1550–1555) Filippo II Archinto (1556–1558) vacant

Modern age

St. Carlo Borromeo (1564–1584) Gaspare Visconti
Gaspare Visconti
(1584–1595) Federico I Borromeo (1595–1631) Cesare Monti
Cesare Monti
(1632–1650) Alfonso Litta
Alfonso Litta
(1652–1679) Federico II Visconti (1681–1693) Federico III Caccia (1693–1699) Giuseppe Archinto (1699–1712) Benedetto II Erba Odescalchi (1712–1737) Carlo Gaetano Stampa (1737–1742) Giuseppe II Pozzobonelli (1743–1783) Filippo Maria Visconti (1784–1801) Giovanni Battista Caprara
Giovanni Battista Caprara
(1802–1810) vacant Carlo Gaetano Gaisruck (1818–1846) Bartolomeo Carlo Romilli
Bartolomeo Carlo Romilli
(1847–1859) Paolo Angelo Ballerini
Paolo Angelo Ballerini
(1859–1867) Luigi Nazari di Calabiana
Luigi Nazari di Calabiana
(1867–1893) Bl. Andrea Ferrari (1894–1921) Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti (1921–1922, elected Pope Pius XI) Eugenio Tosi
Eugenio Tosi
(1922–1929) Bl. Ildefonso Schuster
Ildefonso Schuster
(1929–1954) Giovanni Battista Montini (1954–1963, elected Pope Paul VI) Giovanni Colombo
Giovanni Colombo
(1963–1979) Carlo Maria Martini, SJ (1979–2002) Dionigi Tettamanzi
Dionigi Tettamanzi
(2002–2011) Angelo Scola
Angelo Scola
(2011–2017) Mario Delpini
Mario Delpini
(2017-present)

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Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 22157098 LCCN: n82142922 ISNI: 0000 0001 1022 4217 GND: 129473766 SUDOC: 028471601 BNF: cb120300420 (data) ICCU: ITICCURAVV63002 B

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