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The Info List - Angela Buxton





Angela Buxton (born 16 August 1934) is an English former tennis player. She won the women's doubles title at both the French Championships and Wimbledon in 1956 with Althea Gibson.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Tennis
Tennis
accomplishments

2.1 Judaism and anti-Semitism in her career

3 Later life and legacy 4 Grand Slam finals

4.1 Singles (1 runner-up) 4.2 Doubles (2 titles)

5 Grand Slam singles tournament timeline 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Early life[edit] Buxton was born in Liverpool
Liverpool
on 18 August 1934, one of two children born to Harry and Violet Buxton.[1] Her grandparents on both sides were Jews
Jews
who had immigrated to England
England
from Russia. She was raised partly in South Africa. Buxton's father owned a successful cinema chain in northwestern England, which allowed her to attend boarding school at Gloddaeth Hall. While there, a coach noticed her tennis ability and urged her to acquire more training. Tennis
Tennis
accomplishments[edit] Buxton began playing tennis at a young age.[2] After spending time undergoing training in London and Los Angeles, in 1954 she earned the British No. 4 ranking. Buxton then reached the 1955 Wimbledon singles quarterfinals and climbed to World No. 9 in the rankings. She played in Wightman Cup
Wightman Cup
competition for the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
in 1954, 1955 and 1956. Buxton had her most successful tennis year in 1956. She won the women's doubles title and reached the singles final at Wimbledon. She won the English Indoor and London Grass Court singles championships and the English Hard Court doubles crown (with Darlene Hard). At the French Championships, she reached the singles semifinals and won the women's doubles title with Althea Gibson, who was the first African-American champion. Buxton was ranked World No. 5 by World Tennis
Tennis
Magazine and World No. 6 by Lance Tingay of The Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail.[3] Buxton also won the women's singles title at the 1953 Maccabiah Games. After suffering a serious hand condition in late 1956 (tenosynovitis), Buxton was forced to retire following the 1957 season at the age of 22. Judaism and anti-Semitism in her career[edit] Buxton's Judaism played a role throughout her career. Her religious background prevented full acceptance within the tennis world from an early age.[2] Regarding her experience at the Cumberland Club, she said:

I had to fill in a form: name, address, telephone number and then religion. I had several lessons there with a guy called Bill Blake, and I kept asking him about membership. Eventually he turned round to me and said, "Look, Angela, please don't keep asking me, you're not going to be able to join the club." I said, "Why not? I'm not good enough?" "No, because you're Jewish." And that was the beginning. It was the first time it (prejudice) had hit me in this country.[2]

Buxton was repeatedly refused access to training facilities because of her ethnicity. From the mid-1950s, she was able to practise at the private indoor court of Simon Marks, the Jewish owner of department store chain Marks and Spencer, who had become aware of the difficulties which Buxton faced.[4] No Jewish tennis players were admitted to the All England
England
Lawn Tennis Club until 1952.[5] Buxton said in 2004: "I think the anti-Semitism is still there. The mere fact that I'm not a member is a full sentence that speaks for itself." The Chairman of the Club said he could not comment until he investigated further.[6] "I wish it still wasn't such an elite sport", Buxton said. "I wish we could bring it down to a common baseline. It's going that way. It's still not there."[2][7][8] After Gibson and Buxton won the doubles at Wimbledon, one British newspaper reported the event with a story titled "Minorities Win". "It was in very small type", said Buxton, "lest anyone should see it".[9] Later life and legacy[edit] Buxton was inducted into the International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame in 1981.[2] In 2014, she was inducted into the National Jewish Sports Hall of Fame.[10][11] In 2015, the Black Tennis
Tennis
Hall of Fame inducted Buxton, honoring her for her doubles partnership and friendship with Althea Gibson
Althea Gibson
as well as her efforts to raise funds for the ailing Gibson near the end of her life.[12] Buxton wrote the tennis books Tackle Tennis
Tennis
This Way, Starting Tennis, and Winning Tennis
Tennis
and Doubles Tactics. Grand Slam finals[edit] Singles (1 runner-up)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score

Runner-up 1956 Wimbledon Grass Shirley Fry 3–6, 1–6

Doubles (2 titles)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score

Winner 1956 French Championships Clay Althea Gibson Darlene Hard Dorothy Head Knode 6–8, 8–6, 6–1

Winner 1956 Wimbledon Grass Althea Gibson Fay Muller Daphne Seeney 6–1, 8–6

Grand Slam singles tournament timeline[edit]

Key

W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH

(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held.

Tournament 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 Career SR

Australian Championships A A A A A 0 / 0

French Championships A A QF 3R SF 0 / 3

Wimbledon 1R 4R 4R QF F 0 / 5

U.S. Championships A A A 3R A 0 / 1

SR 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 2 0 / 3 0 / 2 0 / 9

SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played. See also[edit]

Performance timelines for all female tennis players who reached at least one Grand Slam final List of select Jewish tennis players

References[edit]

^ Blas, Howard (9 September 2014). "Doubles partners smash prejudice as 1956 Wimbledon champs". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 9 July 2016.  ^ a b c d e "Buxton, Angela," Jews
Jews
in Sports, accessed 12 March 2014. ^ Collins, Bud (2008). The Bud Collins History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book. New York, N.Y: New Chapter Press. pp. 695, 703. ISBN 0-942257-41-3.  ^ Davis, David. "Justice, Served: A Tennis
Tennis
Story". Forward.com. Retrieved 9 July 2016.  ^ Siriginia, Saraswathi, "Wimbledon Rewind: How Angela Buxton and Althea Gibson
Althea Gibson
Broke Barriers in 1956", Bleacher Report, 6/16/09, accessed 6/29/09 ^ [Schoenfeld, Bruce, "The Match: Althea Gibson
Althea Gibson
& Angela Buxton: How Two Outsiders—One Black, the Other Jewish—Forged a Friendship and Made Sports History"] (2004), pp. 279–80, Amistad, ISBN 0-06-052652-1, ISBN 978-0-06-052652-8, accessed 6/29/09 ^ Slater, Robert, "Great Jews
Jews
in Sports", Jonathan David Publishers, 2005, ISBN 0-8246-0453-9, ISBN 978-0-8246-0453-0 ^ Giles, Juanita, "No Jews
Jews
allowed: UAE bows to 'neighborhood' pressure" The Hook, 2/26/09, accessed 6/29/09 ^ Henderson, Jon; O'Donnell, Matthew (8 July 2001). "Triumphing over prejudice". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 March 2016.  ^ [1] ^ [2] ^ [3]

External links[edit]

Jewish Sports bio "Recalling a tennis pioneer: Angela Buxton pays a visit," 9/3/06

v t e

French Championships women's doubles champions

(1907) Adine Masson / Yvonne de Ploffel (1908) Kate Gillou-Fenwick / Cecile Matthey (1909) Jeanne Matthey
Jeanne Matthey
/ Daisy Speranza (1910) Jeanne Matthey
Jeanne Matthey
/ Daisy Speranza (1911) Jeanne Matthey
Jeanne Matthey
/ Daisy Speranza (1912) Jeanne Matthey
Jeanne Matthey
/ Daisy Speranza (1913) Blanche Amblard / Suzanne Amblard (1914) Blanche Amblard / Suzanne Amblard (1915–1919) No competition (due to World War I) (1920) Élisabeth d'Ayen / Suzanne Lenglen (1921) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Geramine Pigueron (1922) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Geramine Pigueron (1923) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Julie Vlasto (1924) Marguerite Broquedis
Marguerite Broquedis
/ Yvonne Bourgeois (1925) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Julie Vlasto (1926) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Julie Vlasto (1927) Irene Bowder Peacock
Irene Bowder Peacock
/ Bobbie Heine (1928) Phoebe Holcroft Watson
Phoebe Holcroft Watson
/ Eileen Bennett (1929) Lilí Álvarez
Lilí Álvarez
/ Kea Bouman (1930) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody / Elizabeth Ryan (1931) Eileen Bennett Whittingstall
Eileen Bennett Whittingstall
/ Betty Nuthall (1932) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody / Elizabeth Ryan (1933) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1934) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1935) Margaret Scriven
Margaret Scriven
/ Kay Stammers (1936) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Billie Yorke (1937) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Billie Yorke (1938) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Billie Yorke (1939) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Jadwiga Jędrzejowska (1940–1945) No competition (due to World War II) (1945) Paulette Fritz / Simone Lafargue (1946) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
/ Margaret Osborne (1947) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
/ Margaret Osborne duPont (1948) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Patricia Canning Todd (1949) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
/ Margaret Osborne duPont (1950) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Shirley Fry (1951) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Shirley Fry (1952) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Shirley Fry (1953) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Shirley Fry (1954) Maureen Connolly
Maureen Connolly
/ Nell Hall Hopman (1955) Beverly Baker Fleitz / Darlene Hard (1956) Angela Buxton / Althea Gibson (1957) Shirley Bloomer / Darlene Hard (1958) Rosie Reyes / Yola Ramírez Ochoa (1959) Sandra Reynolds / Renée Schuurman (1960) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Darlene Hard (1961) Sandra Reynolds / Renée Schuurman (1962) Sandra Reynolds Price / Renée Schuurman (1963) Ann Haydon-Jones / Renée Schuurman (1964) Margaret Smith / Lesley Turner (1965) Margaret Smith / Lesley Turner (1966) Margaret Smith / Judy Tegart (1967) Françoise Dürr
Françoise Dürr
/ Gail Chanfreau

v t e

Pre Open Era Wimbledon ladies' doubles champions

(1913) Winifred McNair / Dora Boothby (1914) Agnes Morton / Elizabeth Ryan (1915-18) No competition (due to World War I) (1919) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1920) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1921) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1922) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1923) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1924) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
/ Helen Wills (1925) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1926) Mary Browne
Mary Browne
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1927) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1928) Peggy Saunders Michel / Phoebe Holcroft Watson (1929) Peggy Saunders Michel / Phoebe Holcroft Watson (1930) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody / Elizabeth Ryan (1931) Phyllis Mudford / Dorothy S. Barron (1932) Doris Metaxa / Josane Sigart (1933) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1934) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Elizabeth Ryan (1935) Freda James
Freda James
/ Kay Stammers (1936) Freda James
Freda James
/ Kay Stammers (1937) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Billie Yorke (1938) Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
/ Alice Marble (1939) Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
/ Alice Marble (1940-45) No competition (due to World War II) (1946) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
/ Margaret Osborne duPont (1947) Patricia Canning Todd / Doris Hart (1948) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
/ Margaret Osborne duPont (1949) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
/ Margaret Osborne duPont (1950) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
/ Margaret Osborne duPont (1951) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Shirley Fry (1952) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Shirley Fry (1953) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Shirley Fry (1954) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
/ Margaret Osborne duPont (1955) Angela Mortimer Barrett / Anne Shilcock (1956) Angela Buxton / Althea Gibson (1957) Althea Gibson
Althea Gibson
/ Darlene Hard (1958) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Althea Gibson (1959) Jeanne Arth / Darlene Hard (1960) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Darlene Hard (1961) Karen Hantze Susman / Billie Jean Moffitt (1962) Karen Hantze Susman / Billie Jean Moffitt (1963) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Darlene Hard (1964) Margaret Court
Margaret Court
/ Lesley Turner Bowrey (1965) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Billie Jean Moffitt (1966) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Nancy Richey (1967) Rosemary Casals / Billie Jean King

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 97712842 LCCN: n2003093980 SN

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