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Anasuya
Anasuya
(IAST: Anusūyā, अनसूया "free from envy and jealousy"), also known as Anusuya, was wife of an ancient Indian rishi (sage) named Atri, in Hindu mythology. In Ramayana, she appears living with her husband in a small hermitage in the southern periphery of the forest of Chitrakuta. She was very pious and always practiced austerities and devotion. This allowed her to attain miraculous powers. When Sita
Sita
and Rama
Rama
visited her during their exile, Anusuya was very attentive to them and gave Sita
Sita
an ointment which could maintain her beauty forever.[1] She was mother of Dattatreya, the sage-avatar of Trimurti
Trimurti
Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, the irascible sage Durvasa, avatar of Shiva
Shiva
and Chandraatri, avatar of Brahma. She is also mother of Chandra Dev Moon. She was daughter of Sage Kardama and his wife Devahuti. Sage Kapila
Kapila
was her brother and teacher. She is extolled as Sati Anusuya – Anusuya, the chaste wife.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Stories Of Anusuya and Atri

2.1 The Divine Trinity Tests Anasuya

3 Sati Anusuya Ashrama 4 Popular culture 5 Notes 6 References

Etymology[edit] Anasuya
Anasuya
is made up of two parts: An and Asuya. An is a negative prefix and Asuya means jealousy. Hence, Anasuya
Anasuya
could be translated into English as one who is free from jealousy or envy. Stories Of Anusuya and Atri[edit] The story of Anusuya's family is mentioned in Bhagavata Purana
Bhagavata Purana
Skanda III. Sage Kardama married Devahuti, daughter of Swayambhu Manu and had one son avatar Kapila
Kapila
and nine daughters, including Anusuya, who married various Saptarishis.[2] The Divine Trinity Tests Anasuya[edit]

Anasuya
Anasuya
feeding the Hindu Trinity

Sage Narada
Narada
praised Anusuya in his hymns and verses, making the wives of Brahma, Vishnu
Vishnu
and Shiva
Shiva
jealous. They requested their husbands go and tempt her away from her husband, breaking her pativrata. The Divine Trinity went to Anusuya as guests when Atri
Atri
was not at home and asked her to serve them lunch in the nude. She agreed, but first splashed them each with enchanted water, turning them into small children. The three goddesses waited for their husbands to return and when they didn't, travelled to Anusuya’s cottage to find them transformed. The Goddesses repented and at request of Anusuya, the three Gods agreed to be born as her sons. According to one version, the gods merged turning into Anasuya's three headed son Dattatreya.[1]

A Bhagavata Purana
Bhagavata Purana
manuscript page depicting the story of Atri
Atri
and Anasuya
Anasuya
meeting the Trimurti(PhP 4.1.21–25).(Paper, late 18th century, Jaipur).

A Brahmin named Kaushik from Pratishthan
Pratishthan
used to visit a prostitute, in spite of being a Brahmin and having a devoted wife. When he later became infected with leprosy, the prostitute stopped seeing him, forcing him to return to his wife who still cared for him. He still longed for the affections of the prostitute and one day asked his wife to take him to her. In that town, sage Mandavya
Mandavya
had been impaled in lieu of a criminal and was lying on a spike in the forest. While being led by his wife through the deep forest at night, Kaushik happened to trip on the sage, who cursed him to death before the next sunrise. To stop the curse, Kaushik's wife stopped the sunrise with the power of her love, creating havoc in the heavens. The gods went to Brahma
Brahma
for help, who in turn went to Anasuya, asking her to convince Kaushik's wife to allow the sunrise. Anasuya
Anasuya
not only convinced Kaushik's wife to allow the sun to rise, but also brought Kaushik back to life after the curse had run its course. Brahma
Brahma
was very happy with Anusuya and was then born to her as Chandraatri. Some time later, Rahu
Rahu
masked Sun, cloaking the whole world in darkness. Atri, with powers granted by many years of austerity, wrested Sun
Sun
out of Rahu's hands, restoring light to the world. The Gods were pleased and Shiva
Shiva
and Vishnu
Vishnu
were born to Atri
Atri
and Anusuya as Durvasa
Durvasa
and Dattatreya. According to another legend, Atri
Atri
performed a great tapascharya on Kula Mountain that set the whole world on fire. Brahma, Vishnu
Vishnu
and Shiva
Shiva
were impressed with him and granted him a boon. Atri
Atri
asked them to be born as his children. In Brahma
Brahma
Purana, Atri
Atri
asked for three sons and one daughter, Shubhatreyi. Sati Anusuya Ashrama[edit]

View of Mandakini River
Mandakini River
at Anusuya Ashrama

Sati Anusuya ashram is in Chitrakoot, Madhya Pradesh, located further upstreams the Mandakini River, 16 km from the town, set amidst thick forests that round to the melody of birdsong all day. It was here that sage Atri, his wife Anusuya and their three sons(who were three incarnations of Brahma, Vishnu
Vishnu
and Shiva), lived and are said to have meditated. Valmiki
Valmiki
describes in the epic Ramayana
Ramayana
that at one time there was no rain in Chitrakuta for ten years. There was a severe famine and nothing was left to eat or drink for animals and birds. Sati Anusuya performed hard and intensive austerities and got the river Mandakini down on earth. This led to the greenery and forests to grow which removed the sufferings of all sages and the animals.[3] Sati Anusuya ashrama, at present is a very peaceful place where various streams from the hills converge and form the Mandakini River. It is said that Rama
Rama
along with Sita
Sita
had visited this place to meet Maharishi Atri
Atri
and Sati Anusuya. It is here Sati Anusuya explained to Sita, the grandeur and importance of satitva. The dense forests of Dandaka start from this place. It was ruled by Ravana. Ravana
Ravana
had appointed strong rakshasas like Khara and Viradha
Viradha
as its rulers. The place was infected by the terror of rakshasas.[4] Popular culture[edit] The story of Anasuya
Anasuya
is made into films in different languages in India. The Telugu film is made entitled Sati Anasuya in 1957 and 1971. The 1957 film was directed by Kadaru Nagabhushanam[5] and starring Anjali Devi
Anjali Devi
and Gummadi Venkateswara Rao. The 1971 film was directed by B. A. Subba Rao.[6] Jamuna Ramanarao played the role of Anasuya, Sharada as Sumati and Tadepalli Lakshmi Kanta Rao
Tadepalli Lakshmi Kanta Rao
as Atri
Atri
Maharshi. Music score provided by P. Adinarayana Rao. Notes[edit] ^ The word pativrata used in the above composition should be replaced by the word pativratya because pativrata means a chaste woman who is devoted to her husband and the word pativratya means chastity.Thus the sentence should actually read 'They requested their husbands .... breaking her pativratya'. References[edit]

^ Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam, ed. India through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 66.  ^ Purnendu Narayana Sinha (1950). A Study of the Bhagavata Purana: Or, Esoteric Hinduism. Library of Alexandria. pp. 96–. ISBN 978-1-4655-2506-2.  ^ Ramayana, Ayodhya kanda – sarga 117 shloka 9, 10. ^ Ramayana, Ayodhya kanda – sarga 116 shloka 11, 12. ^ Sati Ansuya (1957). IMDb ^ Sati Ansuya (1971). IMDb

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