HOME
The Info List - Amiens

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Amiens
Amiens
(French pronunciation: ​[amjɛ̃]) is a city and commune in northern France, 120 km (75 mi) north of Paris
Paris
and 100 km (62 mi) south-west of Lille. It is the capital of the Somme department in Hauts-de-France. The city had a population of 136,105 according to the 2006 census. It has one of the biggest university hospitals in France
France
with a capacity of 1,200 beds. Amiens
Amiens
Cathedral, the tallest of the large, classic, Gothic churches of the 13th century and the largest in France
France
of its kind, is a World Heritage Site. The author Jules Verne
Jules Verne
lived in Amiens
Amiens
from 1871 until his death in 1905, and served on the city council for 15 years. During December, the town hosts the largest Christmas market
Christmas market
in northern France. Amiens
Amiens
is known for a few local foods, including "macarons d'Amiens", almond paste biscuits; "tuiles amienoises", chocolate and orange curved biscuits; "pâté de canard d'Amiens", duck pâté in pastry; "la ficelle Picarde", an oven-baked cheese-topped crêpe; and "flamiche aux poireaux", a puff pastry tart made with leeks and cream.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Location 2.2 Geology and relief 2.3 Hydrography: Somme and canal, Avre and Selle 2.4 Climate 2.5 Transport

2.5.1 Roads 2.5.2 Parking 2.5.3 Public transport 2.5.4 Cycle networks 2.5.5 Railways 2.5.6 Air transport 2.5.7 Waterways

3 Urbanism

3.1 Urban morphology

3.1.1 Saint-Leu quarter 3.1.2 Saint-Maurice quarter 3.1.3 Henriville quarter 3.1.4 Saint-Acheul
Saint-Acheul
quarter 3.1.5 Other neighbourhoods

3.2 Housing 3.3 Development projects

4 Toponymy 5 Politics and administration

5.1 Political trends and results 5.2 Municipal administration 5.3 The cantons 5.4 Deputies 5.5 List of mayors 5.6 Judicial and administrative authorities 5.7 Environmental policy 5.8 Twin towns – sister cities

6 Population and society

6.1 Demography

6.1.1 Demographic evolution 6.1.2 Age structure

6.2 Education

6.2.1 Primary and secondary education 6.2.2 Higher education

6.3 Health 6.4 Sport 6.5 Media

6.5.1 Newspapers and news magazines 6.5.2 Audiovisual

6.5.2.1 Television
Television
channels 6.5.2.2 FM radio stations 6.5.2.3 Digital terrestrial radio stations

6.5.3 Telecommunications

6.6 Worship

6.6.1 Buddhist worship 6.6.2 Catholic worship 6.6.3 Jewish worship 6.6.4 Mormon worship 6.6.5 Muslim worship 6.6.6 Protestant worship

7 Economy

7.1 Income of the population and taxation 7.2 Employment 7.3 Businesses and shops

8 Culture, tourism and heritage

8.1 Places and monuments

8.1.1 Notre-Dame d'Amiens 8.1.2 The belfry 8.1.3 Cirque Jules-Verne 8.1.4 The house of Jules-Verne 8.1.5 Tour Perret 8.1.6 The Church of Saint-Leu 8.1.7 Other notable buildings or monuments

8.1.7.1 Architecture from antiquity 8.1.7.2 Architecture from the Middle Ages 8.1.7.3 Architecture from the Renaissance 8.1.7.4 Architecture from the 17th and 18th centuries 8.1.7.5 Architecture from the 19th century 8.1.7.6 Architecture from the 20th century 8.1.7.7 Architecture from the 21st century

8.2 Environmental heritage

8.2.1 The Hortillonages 8.2.2 Amiens
Amiens
Metropolitan Zoo 8.2.3 The main parks and gardens

8.3 Cultural heritage

8.3.1 Museums 8.3.2 Concert halls 8.3.3 Theatres 8.3.4 Cultural centres 8.3.5 Libraries 8.3.6 Cinemas

8.4 Cultural events and festivals 8.5 Amiens
Amiens
and music 8.6 Amiens
Amiens
and literature 8.7 Amiens
Amiens
and cinema 8.8 Amiens
Amiens
and comics 8.9 Regional culture

8.9.1 Gastronomic specialities

8.10 Personalities and athletes linked to the commune

8.10.1 Personalities linked to the commune 8.10.2 Sportspeople linked to the commune 8.10.3 Other personalities linked to the city

8.11 Heraldry, logo and motto

9 See also 10 Notes 11 References

11.1 INSEE 11.2 Other references

12 Further reading 13 External links

History[edit] Main articles: History of Amiens
History of Amiens
and Timeline of Amiens The first known settlement at this location was Samarobriva
Samarobriva
("Somme bridge"), the central settlement of the Ambiani, one of the principal tribes of Gaul. The town was given the name Ambianum by the Romans, meaning settlement of the Ambiani
Ambiani
people. Amiens
Amiens
was part of Francia from the 5th century. Normans
Normans
sacked the city in 859 and again in 882. In 1113, the city was recognized by King Louis VI of France
France
and joined to the Crown of France
France
in 1185. In 1597, Spanish soldiers held the city during the six-month Siege of Amiens, before Henry IV regained control. During the 18th and 19th century, the textile tradition of Amiens
Amiens
became famous for its velours. In 1789, the provinces of France were dismantled and the territory was organised into departments. Much of Picardy
Picardy
became the newly created department of Somme with Amiens
Amiens
as the departmental capital. During the industrial revolution, the city walls were demolished, opening up space for large boulevards around the town centre. The Henriville neighbourhood in the south of the city was developed around this time. In 1848, the first railway arrived in Amiens, linking the city to Boulogne-sur-Mer. During the 1870 Battle of Amiens
Amiens
when the Somme was invaded by Prussian forces, Amiens
Amiens
was occupied. The town was fought over during both the First and Second World Wars, suffering much damage and being occupied several times by both sides. The 1918 Battle of Amiens
Amiens
was the opening phase of the Hundred Days Offensive which led directly to the Armistice with Germany
Armistice with Germany
that ended the war. It was heavily bombed by the Royal Air Force during the Second World War. The city was rebuilt according to Pierre Dufau's plans with a focus on widening the streets to ease traffic congestion. These newer structures were primarily built of brick, concrete and white stone with slate roofs. The architect Auguste Perret
Auguste Perret
designed the Gare d'Amiens
Gare d'Amiens
train station and nearby Tour Perret. Geography[edit] Location[edit]

Map of the Amiens
Amiens
and its surrounding communes

Amiens, the regional prefecture of Picardy, is also the prefecture of the Somme, one of the three departments (with Oise
Oise
and Aisne) in the region. Located in the Paris
Paris
Basin, across the country the city benefits from a privileged geographical position (proximity to Paris, Lille, Rouen, London
London
and Brussels). At the crossroads of major European routes of movement (A1, A16 and A29), the city is also at the heart of a major rail star. As the crow flies, the city is 115 kilometres (71 mi) from Paris, 97 kilometres (60 mi) from Lille, 100 kilometres (62 mi) from Rouen, 162 kilometres (101 mi) from Le Havre
Le Havre
and 144 kilometres (89 mi) from Reims. At the regional level, Amiens
Amiens
is located 53 kilometres (33 mi) north of Beauvais, 71 kilometres (44 mi) west of Saint-Quentin, 66 kilometres (41 mi) from Compiègne
Compiègne
and 102 kilometres (63 mi) from Laon. In area, it is the third in the Somme, after Crécy-en-Ponthieu
Crécy-en-Ponthieu
and Hornoy-le-Bourg. Geology and relief[edit] The area of the commune is 4,946 hectares (12,220 acres); the altitude varies between 14 and 106 metres (46 and 348 ft).[1] Hydrography: Somme and canal, Avre and Selle[edit]

The Somme in the old town at the beginning of the 20th century

The Becquet Bridge, at the start of the 20th century

Amiens
Amiens
is crossed by the main stem of the River Somme
River Somme
and is generally quiet, except during exceptional floods, several weeks long (such as spring 2001). It is also, on its southeastern outskirts, close to Camon and Longueau, the confluence with its main tributary on the left bank (to the south), the Avre. The Selle
Selle
enters from the northwest of Amiens, with two arms (including the Haute Selle) passing behind the Unicorn Stadium, the exhibition park, the megacity and horse racing track, then passing the end of the Promenade de la Hotoie and the zoo of Amiens, and to the right of the water treatment plant, in front of the island Sainte-Aragone, opposite the cemetery of La Madeleine in Amiens. The city developed in a natural narrowing of the river at the level of the hortillonnages (fr), due to the advance of the rim of the Picard plateau in Saint-Pierre (ford crossing). The Amiens
Amiens
citadel is built on this limestone butte and Rue Saint-Pierre is a slightly inclined path to leave the city from the north. At this narrowing, a network of narrow canals led to the construction of bridges and buildings including textile mills in the Middle Ages. The hydrographic network has always been an important asset operated by the city. The river helped shape the identity of the landscape, urban and economic territory. It is around the quarters of Saint-Leu, Saint-Maurice bordering the River Somme
River Somme
and most of the administrative and civil area of the current city centre which the city has developed since antiquity. The Canal de la Somme
Canal de la Somme
dates from the beginning of the 19th century and the bridge at the foot of the citadel was built after World War II. Climate[edit] Amiens
Amiens
has a typical oceanic climate in the north of France, with relatively mild winters, cool summers, and rainfall well distributed throughout the year.

Transport[edit] Amiens
Amiens
is a hub between the Île de France
France
and the rest of the north of France; Normandy
Normandy
and Benelux; and France
France
and Great Britain. Amiens is not directly on principal European road and rail arteries, such as the A1 motorway and the Paris- Lille
Lille
TGV
TGV
train line, at present. However, at halfway between the urban areas of Lille
Lille
and Paris, Amiens has good conditions of service and accessibility, including motorways (at the junction of the A16 and A29). A regular bus link with the TGV
TGV
Haute-Picardie station also provides access to the Charles-de-Gaulle Airport station. On the horizon of 2022,[2] the Roissy–Picardie Link will put Amiens
Amiens
55 minutes from Paris
Paris
Charles-de-Gaulle Airport and its TGV
TGV
station. By train, Amiens
Amiens
is located at:

1 hour 5 minutes from Paris
Paris
(16 round-trip trains per day) 1 hour 15 minutes from Lille 1 hour 15 minutes from Rouen

2 hours 30 minutes from Brussels 3 hours 30 minutes from Lyon 3 hours from London

Roads[edit] See also: [[:Rocade d'Amiens (fr)]] Since antiquity, Amiens
Amiens
has been a crossroads of important routes. The contemporary city is served by the A16 and A29 autoroutes. The Jules Verne Viaduct (fr), 943 metres (3,094 ft) long, crosses the River Somme
River Somme
to the east of the city and allows circumvention of the city by motorway-type roads. The A16 and A29 autoroutes, the RN1 and the RN25 form a bypass-type motorway around the city that the population has called the Rocade d' Amiens
Amiens
[ring road of Amiens]. Initially constituting national roads which are downgraded today, mostly as departmental roads, the greater urban area of Amiens
Amiens
is served by:

RN 1 to Beauvais
Beauvais
and Paris, to the South, and towards Abbeville, Calais, Dunkirk
Dunkirk
and the Belgian border, northwest. RN 25 towards Doullens, Saint-Pol-sur-Ternoise
Saint-Pol-sur-Ternoise
and Arras RD 1029 towards Yvetot
Yvetot
and Neufchâtel-en-Bray
Neufchâtel-en-Bray
to the west, Saint-Quentin and La Capelle
La Capelle
in the east.

RD 929 to Albert and Bapaume
Bapaume
and Cambrai. RD 935 (fr) towards Compiègne. RD 919 (fr) to Mailly-Maillet
Mailly-Maillet
and Arras. RD 933 (fr) to Bernaville
Bernaville
and Auxi-le-Château. RD 934 (fr) to Roye and Noyon.

Amiens
Amiens
is served by several motorways:

A16 to Calais
Calais
via Abbeville
Abbeville
and Boulogne-sur-Mer A16 to Paris
Paris
via Beauvais A29 to Rouen
Rouen
and Le Havre
Le Havre
via Neufchâtel-en-Bray A29 to Reims
Reims
via Saint-Quentin and Laon The proposed A24 autoroute from Amiens
Amiens
to Lille
Lille
via Doullens
Doullens
was cancelled in 2006.

Parking[edit]

Map of parking in the city centre of Amiens
Amiens
in 2009.

  Town Hall   Halles   Jacobins   Trois Cailloux   Saint-Leu    Amiens
Amiens
2   Perret   Free outdoor parking

According to the urban transport plan (fr) (PDU) approved 19 December 2013 for the period 2013-2023 parking supply is considered abundant in Amiens.[3] Although important, demand for parking is less than what is available (capacity reserves are still 20% minimum: If the road is sometimes saturated, the occupancy rate of the underground parking remains globally less than 100%).[3] In 2013, the city counted approximately 70,000 public parking spaces, including 8,400 in the city centre and in its immediate vicinity, where 70% of places are paid.[3]

4,400 spaces on highways (1,950 in the inner city, including 1,600 paid) 4,000 spaces in underground parking (620 other new places are programmed in a project for the Gare La Vallée development zone).

The underground car parks in the city centre are organised thus:

Name Accessible by Close to Number of spaces

Halles Rue du Général-Leclerc Commercial Centre of Halles, belfry 468

Centrum Rue Frédéric Petit Coliseum 190

Hôtel de ville Rue de Beauvais Espace piétonnier, town hall 80

Jacobins Rue des Jacobins Espace piétonnier, prefecture 587

Saint-Leu Rue des Huchers Faculties of law, political science and economy management; cathedral 585

Trois Cailloux Rue Robert de Luzarches Espace piétonnier, courthouse, cathedral 486

Amiens
Amiens
2 Boulevard d'Alsace-Lorraine, rue de la Vallée Amiens
Amiens
2 commercial centre, bus station, SNCF railway station 724

Perret Boulevard de Belfort, rue Vulfran-Warmé Cinema, SNCF railway station 490

Gare La Vallée Rue de la Vallée SNCF railway station, Gare La Vallée development zone 840

As of 2007[update], a residential parking system is deployed in Saint-Anne ward to cope with congestion in the streets by cars of users from the SNCF railway station. During the campaign for the municipal election of 2008, parking was one of the important topics of debate.[4] A year after the change of majority, the Gilles Demailly (fr) team launched a consultation with the population.[5] From 2011, the residential parking was extended to the quarters of Gare-La-Vallée and Riolan, then in 2012 the Noyon
Noyon
and the area east of the Riolan sector. In 2014, 2,600 parking spaces[6] were affected by this system which is designed to allow city residents more parking near their homes, to promote a better rotation of vehicles in the streets and reduce permanent occupation of public space by the cars cluttering the highway. Public transport[edit] Main articles: [[:Former tramway of Amiens (fr)]], [[:Tramway of Amiens (fr)]], and [[:Public transport in Amiens (fr)]] Two tram lines over 10.7 kilometres (6.6 mi) were opened in 1887. The two intersect at Place Gambetta, one linking La Madeleine Cemetery (fr), the Church of Saint-Acheul, Cagnard bridge, Rue de Noyon
Noyon
and Rue Jules-Barni; the other from the Church of Saint-Pierre at the racecourse, by the streets of Saint-Leu, Frédéric-Petit and Colbert. Electrified in 1899, the network grew to seven lines totalling 19 kilometres (12 mi) in 1906. From 1932, Longueau
Longueau
was linked to Amiens
Amiens
by a bus service. The terrible German bombing in 1940 which destroyed most of the city centre also hit the Jules-Ferry Road tram depot (fr) and totally destroyed the tram fleet. Only the Longueau
Longueau
bus survived. Amiens
Amiens
remained without transport. A few old Parisian buses were then used for an extremely reduced service. These buses as well as the survivor bus were then converted to city gas and equipped with tanks on the roof covered by a huge white dome. This service continued with this extraordinary material until approximately 1946. There were only two urban lines: An east-west line (Saint-Acheul - Montieres) and a northeast-southwest line (Beauville - road to Rouen). It was decided after war to serve the city by trolleybus with one bus route to Longueau. This programme was only in part realised (serving Saint-Acheul), road to Rouen, La Madeleine and Saint-Pierre. In 1964, trolleybuses were abandoned and the bus became ubiquitous in Amiens
Amiens
transportation.[7] The bus network is today managed by the Ametis mixed economy company (fr), whose network covers Amiens
Amiens
Métropole, the agglomeration of Amiens. The establishment of dedicated bus lanes began in 2006. Former Mayor Gilles de Robien
Gilles de Robien
had envisioned the creation of a tram, but the choice of dedicated bus lanes had been preferred for reasons of cost and attendance. His successor, Mayor Gilles Demailly (fr), had been considering the development of a TSCP in the metropolitan area. As a result of numerous studies and conferences, elected representatives voted for the creation of a tram at the municipal Council of 15 November 2012. The project had been endorsed by the Communauté d'agglomération Amiens Métropole on 18 December 2012 and the commissioning of a first north-south tram route (fr) was scheduled for 2018/2019.[8] Following the elections of 2014 (fr), which were a defeat for most municipal and community carriers of the project, the new mayor of Amiens Brigitte Fouré
Brigitte Fouré
and by extension the new president of Amiens Métropole Alain Gest decided to suspend the project at least during the time of their respective mandates, thus applying a campaign promise (the tram was at the heart of debate)[9] and despite a project announcement of trams on tyres (of TVR type).[10][11] Improvement of public transit would then be only by that of the bus network. Indeed, in December of the same year, the Community Council approved funding for a study (the sixth in 20 years)[12] relating to the establishment of a rapid transit bus network (fr) (BHNS), which should enter into service in March 2019, and whose vehicles could be electric.[13]

The Place Gambetta: An important hub of the former tram network of Amiens
Amiens
at the beginning of the 20th century.

The lycée de jeunes filles and tramway, Rue des Otages, now Lycée Madeleine-Michelis.

A bus of the network of public transport in Amiens (fr).

Cycle networks[edit]

Vélam public bicycle sharing system in Amiens.

Amiens
Amiens
has developed two bike services: Buscyclette and Velam (fr).

Buscyclette is a service of rental bikes on demand, created in May 1999. In 2014, nearly 2,400 "green bikes" are available for rent, essentially city bikes but also electric bikes (VAE), folding bicycles and specific bikes (kids bikes, child trailers, mountain bikes, freight bikes, tandems, etc.). The rental period varies from half a day to one year. Velam (fr) is a bike sharing system (VLS) created on 16 February 2008, an adaptation of the Cyclocity (fr) system managed by JCDecaux, similar to Vélo'v
Vélo'v
in Lyon
Lyon
and Vélib'
Vélib'
in Paris. Vélam (fr) offers 313 bikes distributed every 300 to 400 metres in the centre of Amiens
Amiens
and 26 stations.

In 2012, Amiens
Amiens
Métropole had 100 kilometres (62 mi) of routes for cyclists.[3] Despite the development of a bicycle plan in 1997 which was planning the development of 500 kilometres (310 mi) of equipped cycleways, the network of the territory in terms of paths is still incomplete. The blueprint of the bicycle facilities of the agglomeration (SDAC) provides, over a period of 10 years (2014-2024),[3] for 188 kilometres (117 mi) of cycle routes and equips 490 sites for the parking of bikes. This plan also includes the deployment of parking facilities over the entire territory of the city, close to the facilities frequented by bikers, as well as cyclist right-turns (fr) at traffic lights or even the maintenance of existing facilities. Railways[edit]

Gare du Nord and its canopy in August 2012

There are three railway stations:

Two stations on the Paris- Boulogne
Boulogne
and Amiens
Amiens
- Rouen
Rouen
lines:

The Amiens
Amiens
station, main station, known as Gare du Nord, in memory of the Compagnie du Nord who created it. Every day, 15,000 travellers use its seven lines.[14]

The station of Saint-Roch

Connections from these two stations include to Lille
Lille
via Arras
Arras
and Douai, to Boulogne
Boulogne
via Abbeville, to Paris-Nord via Creil
Creil
or Compiègne, to Reims
Reims
via Tergnier, and to Rouen.

A station located on the Paris
Paris
- Lille
Lille
line in Longueau
Longueau
serving south of Amiens
Amiens
and the communes of Longueau, Cagny, Boves, etc.

Longueau
Longueau
station, a passenger station of the historic railway hub in Longueau. Every day, 2,500 travellers use its two lines.[14]

Montieres station (fr), station assigned to the freight traffic, it serves only the industrial zone of Amiens. This station is located on the former railway line of Doullens.

Many regional and extra regional links (Haute-Normandie, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Champagne-Ardenne and île-de-France) pass through Amiens, especially by TER Picardie. A station located 45 kilometres (28 mi) from Amiens, the Haute-Picardie TGV
TGV
station, allows access to the TGV
TGV
network. It is served by buses from Amiens. Its isolated character earned it the name of gare des betteraves, or gare betteraves, at the time of its construction.[15]

Gare du Nord (old postcard published by Caron No. 328, postmarked in 1909).

Inside Saint-Roch railway station (postcard postmarked in 1905).

Gare Saint-Roch.

Gare de Longueau.

Air transport[edit] In addition to Amiens
Amiens
Glisy
Glisy
Aerodrome, bordering the town's eastern edge 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) from the centre, there are several airports nearby.

Albert – Picardie Airport
Albert – Picardie Airport
is located 20 minutes northeast of the city. Beauvais-Tillé Airport, the ninth largest French airport by usage, located 45 minutes by car south of the city, and served by a bus service from Amiens. Lille
Lille
Airport, reachable by train or by road using the A29 and A1. Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport, reachable by train or by road using the A29 and A1, or A16 and N104. The creation of a railway between Creil
Creil
and Roissy will put Amiens
Amiens
55 minutes from Paris
Paris
Charles de Gaulle airport by 2020.[16]

Waterways[edit] The Somme canal runs through the town to the English Channel. This canal is linked to the Canal
Canal
du Nord ( Paris
Paris
to Lille
Lille
metropolitan area) Urbanism[edit] Urban morphology[edit] Amiens
Amiens
comprises a number of neighbourhoods ("quartiers" in French) with their own characteristics, including Saint-Leu, St-Maurice, Henriville, and Saint-Acheul. Saint-Leu quarter[edit] St-Leu is a part of Amiens
Amiens
north of the city centre. It has many older wooden and brick houses and several canals. At the foot of the cathedral, traversed by canals, this picturesque area was largely rehabilitated during the 1990s. It extends to the Somme canal, located more to the north, at the foot of the Coteau Saint-Pierre on which the fortress of Jean Errard (fr), called Citadelle, was built. Historically, it was the poor quarter of the city, where butchers, tanners and dyers gathered. Amiens
Amiens
University's Faculty of Sciences, present since the 1960s, has been renovated and expanded on occasion. The Faculty of Law and Economics has also been transferred since the mid-1990s from the campus (offset to the south of the city) to its new location at the foot of the cathedral.[note 1] The open-air parking it replaces was a "gap" in the landscape dating from World War II. Nonetheless, it allowed an unobstructed view of the cathedral. Most of the buildings have been renovated and transformed into housing much of which is for students, many of whom are in the quarter. The area became the heart of the Amiens
Amiens
people's evenings, with many establishments (bars, restaurants, etc.) on Place du Don and Quai Bélu. At Rue Saint-Leu is found the church, located just between the Faculty of Science and Law-Economy (UPJV). Two theatres were established in the quarter, that of the Chés Cabotans (puppet shows in the Picard language) and the Maison du Théâtre at the foot of the Saint-Leu Church. There is also La Lune des Pirates, a concert hall.

Place du Don: The River Somme
River Somme
and cathedral

Saint-Leu: Rue du Hocquet

Saint-Leu: Rue d'Engoulvent and Rue des Majots

Saint-Leu: Rue d'Engoulvent

Saint-Leu : Place Aristide Briand

Canal
Canal
in the Saint-Leu quarter

Quai Bélu on the banks of the Somme, near the old market on the waterside

The Samarobriva
Samarobriva
footbridge towards the Saint-Pierre Park

Saint-Maurice quarter[edit] Located to the west of the Citadelle, and east of the La Madeleine Cemetery (fr), this very old working-class quarter of Amiens, and industrial centre of the 18th century, is undergoing rehabilitation with the construction, rearrangement and renovation of much housing. Bordered by the Canal
Canal
de la Somme, it offers a stopover for leisure boats, which must go through a lock. The walls of the city's former dye factory are now those of the École supérieure d'art et de design d'Amiens (fr) (ESAD) as well as those of the Faculty of Arts. The École supérieure d'ingénieurs en électronique et électrotechnique (ESIEE) is in the same quarter. As the Citadelle, it will be renovated by the architect Renzo Piano
Renzo Piano
to accommodate the university departments (UFR) of letters, of history and geography, of languages, the École supérieure du professorat et de l'éducation (fr) (ESPE), the House of Languages, the House of Research and the University Library in 2015. The Jardin des plantes (fr), known as the Jardin du Roy within the city, is also located in this quarter.

The River Somme
River Somme
from the Boulevard de Beauvillé

Henriville quarter[edit] The Henriville neighbourhood was mostly built during the 19th century after the demolition of the city wall. It lies at the south of the town centre. It has numerous bourgeois houses and townhouses, predominantly in brick, blending architectural styles of the period, including neoclassical, troubadour and neo-Gothic. There are also private mansions, such as the Acloque mansion and the house of Jules Verne. Saint-Acheul
Saint-Acheul
quarter[edit] The Saint-Acheul
Saint-Acheul
quarter (IPA: [aʃoel]) existed before Amiens, as people have lived there since prehistoric times. This is where archaeological excavations in the nineteenth century discovered prehistoric tool sets typical of the "Acheulean" prehistorical era, named after this neighbourhood (also spelled Acheulian, pronounced [əˈʃuːliən]). An archaeological garden can be freely visited there. Not to be confused with the commune of Saint-Acheul
Saint-Acheul
situated 37 km (23 mi) to the north, the quarter of Saint-Acheul
Saint-Acheul
is the site of a military cemetery from the First World War (1914–1918). It also contains the Church of Saint-Acheul, and the former normal school of teachers which became the Lycée Robert-de-Luzarches. A number of famous people are buried in the former Saint-Acheul
Saint-Acheul
cemetery such as J.-P. Pinchon (creator of Bécassine) and many resistance fighters. Part of the quarter includes a so-called "English neighbourhood," with typical English style houses. At the feet of this area lie the hortillonnages (fr), a marshy area criss-crossed by canals. Other neighbourhoods[edit] Amiens, like other big cities, has its large HLM
HLM
high-rise tower blocks:

North of the city the quarters du Pigeonnier, which is famous for its weekend market, Messenger, Mozart, Fafet-Brossolette-la Cité, Balzac, Léo Lagrange-Schweitzer, etc.; Southeast of the city: Victorine-Autier, Philéas Lebesgue, Condorcet, Pierre-Rollin. West: Etouvie and Montieres (an ecodistrict is provided in this industrial space, where there are buildings of the 19th century, in brick).[17] East: Saint-Acheul-la-Cité and the Clos de l'Avre.

These areas experience a lot of social troubles and have regularly been the place for riots. The northern quarters were the scene of violent events in 1994, 1999 and 2000 (clashes between several districts of the city and between the neighbourhoods of Amiens
Amiens
and the districts of Creil), in 2006 and 2008 (in the wake of incidents in the Paris
Paris
suburbs)[citation needed] and more recently in August 2012 following a conflict between youth and the police. The cost of the latest vandalism to occur in the north of Amiens
Amiens
would amount, according to Gilles Demailly (fr), to between four and six million euros. These extremely violent riots caused sixteen police officers to be injured.[18] An extensive programme of redevelopment of these neighborhoods began recently, demolished HLM
HLM
tower blocks and new infrastructure have been built, especially for schools. In 2009, the public transport network of the Amiens
Amiens
agglomeration was significantly modified. Housing[edit]

Houses in the Saint-Leu quarter.

In 2009, the total number of dwellings in the municipality was 68,145, while it was 63,201 in 1999.[Insee 1] Among this housing, 91.7% were primary residences, 1.0% of secondary residences and 7.4% vacant housing. These dwellings were 38.7% of detached houses and 60.2% of apartments.[Insee 2] The proportion of principal residences, which were the properties of occupants, was 34.0%, down from 1999 (35.3%). The share of empty rented HLM
HLM
homes (social housing) was also down: 29.0% against 32.5% in 1999, their number decreased from 18,692 to 18,103. However, this percentage remains much greater than the rate of 20% required by the law on solidarity and urban renewal (fr) (SRU) for cities and agglomerations of more than 50,000 inhabitants.[Insee 3] The identity of the city is strongly marked by the specificity of its housing stock consisting in a large proportion of detached houses, semi-detached, single or bourgeois: the amiénoises. These traditional houses in the suburbs, in brick and floor(s), were intrinsically linked to the expansion of the city during and after the Industrial Revolution. The amiénoise simple includes a window on the ground floor and floors for attic and basement. It is built on a plot of a few metres wide but is very deep, and includes a garden, forming hearts with green islets and sparse areas. The amiénoise double has two windows at each level. The grandes amiénoises and townhouses rise to at least two floors with large rooms. They can have a gate opening onto a paved courtyard.[19] The official buildings or mansions regularly use brick façades on a sandstone base, decorated by stone window and door frames. The Chanoines quarter has stone façades exclusively. In historic areas such as the Saint-Leu (fr) quarter, façades widely use wood, half-timbered or siding, and wattle and daub. Development projects[edit]

Amiens
Amiens
2030: Amiens, in the context of the Communauté d'agglomération Amiens
Amiens
Métropole, is developing a master plan of development called Amiens
Amiens
2030.[20] This strategic outreach project shapes around priority issues of economic, social and cultural development of the agglomeration. The whole process of reflection will determine the development of the metropolis by the 2030. La Citadelle (fr): This flagship project for the agglomeration involves the amalgamation of units of training and research from the University of Picardie in letters, languages, history, geography, philosophy, sociology, psychology and the College teaching and education (fr) (ESPE) on the site of La Citadelle; set of 18 acres (7.3 ha) on the outskirts of downtown. This university construction programme should strengthen regional competitiveness and the development of higher education and research. The project, entrusted to the Italian architect Renzo Piano, provides an opening of the campus on the city and will be accessible to all its inhabitants. ZAC Gare-la-Vallée: The project must strengthen Amiens
Amiens
in his role as regional capital and allow the creation of a genuine business district in the heart of the city. With a budget of €157 million, the project combines tertiary activities, shops and habitat walk from the station and the inner city. The first buildings were inaugurated in 2008. A second phase of development extends from 2012 to 2017. Under the control of the Chief Architect, Paul Chemetov, the quarter must especially accommodate 2,000 homes, 200,000 square metres (2,200,000 sq ft) of offices and two urban parks creating a visible link between downtown, the Somme and the Hortillonnages (fr).[21] ZAC Intercampus: This new housing and services quarter in the south of the city is to host 1,900 housing by 2030.[22] A first tranche of 850 dwellings must be delivered in 2015. Located in the immediate vicinity of the campus and the CHU d'Amiens, it will be served by a future TCSP. The ecodistrict of 80 hectares (200 acres) must provide beautiful green spaces and gardens (60% of its total area will be not be built). It will include 12 hectares (30 acres) of gardens.[23] ZAC Paul Claudel: This new housing and services quarter of 40 hectares (99 acres) is located at the southern entrance to the city. Intended as a small neighbourhood, it must accommodate 1,400 units and 1,800 square metres (19,000 sq ft) of commercial space. Designed in 4 slices, together with its inhabitants, it entered the final phase of development in 2013.[24] ZAC Renancourt: This new quarter must ensure the development of the city to the west. Located between the Grâce Valley, the Selle
Selle
Valley, the Renancourt quarter and its suburb, this planning area is a natural viewpoint over the city. It is also adjacent to emblematic facilities of the city: The Zenith of Amiens, the Stade de la Licorne
Stade de la Licorne
and the megacity (fr). By 2018, this residential area must accommodate 1,400 houses but also a hotel, facilities and shops.[25] Bus rapid transit
Bus rapid transit
(BRT): A project of three BRT lines is under consideration for commissioning in 2019, at the end of two years of work. Estimated at €85 million excluding taxes for 44 kilometres (27 mi), the project would include the construction of a new bus depot and four park and ride stops.[26] This project follows the cancellation of a tram project, which was endorsed by the municipal team in place between 2008 and 2014.

Toponymy[edit] The toponym is derived from the name of the local Gallic people, the Ambiani, which was replaced in the 4th century to the old name of the town Samarobriva (fr) (the bridge on the Samara - Somme). Amiens then became the episcopal headquarters.[27] In Picard, Amiens
Amiens
is called Anmyen. Politics and administration[edit] Political trends and results[edit] Main article: [[:Municipal elections in Amiens (fr)]]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2015)

Municipal administration[edit] The number of inhabitants at the last census being between 100,000 and 149,999, the number of members of the municipal council is 55.[28] As a result of the French municipal elections of 2014, the distribution of seats is as follows:

Municipal council of Amiens
Amiens
(2014-2020)[29]

List Party President Seats Status

Groupe "Rassemblés pour Amiens" (RPA) [Group "Gathered for Amiens"] UDI-UMP-MoDem Brigitte Fouré 42 Majority

Groupe des élus socialistes [Group of Socialist elected officials] PS Didier Cardon 5 Opposition

Groupe Europe
Europe
Écologie Les Verts [Group Europe
Europe
Ecology - The Greens] EELV Thomas Hutin and Marion Lepresle (joint presidents) 2 Opposition

Groupe des élus municipaux communistes [Group of communist elected officials] PCF Jacques Lessard 2 Opposition

Groupe Amiens
Amiens
Bleu Marine [Group Amiens
Amiens
Navy Blue] FN Yves Dupille 4 Opposition

The cantons[edit] Main articles: Cantons of the Somme department and [[:2015 departmental elections in Somme (fr)]] Amiens
Amiens
is divided into seven cantons:

Canton Constituency Departmental councillors Party Population Cantonal code

Canton of Amiens-1 Fully within the commune of Amiens Claude Chaidron and Dolorès Esteban FG 26,762 80 06

Canton of Amiens-2 Formed from a part of Amiens
Amiens
and the communes of Allonville, Bertangles, Cardonnette, Coisy, Montonvillers, Poulainville, Querrieu, Rainneville, Saint-Gratien, Villers-Bocage Zohra Darras and Francis Lec DVG - PS 23,827 80 07

Canton of Amiens-3 Formed from a part of Amiens
Amiens
and the communes of Aubigny, Bussy-lès-Daours, Camon, Daours, Lamotte-Brebière, Rivery, Vecquemont Marion Lepresle and Jean-Claude Renaux EELV -PCF 27,020 80 08

Canton of Amiens-4 Formed from a part of Amiens
Amiens
and the communes of Blangy-Tronville, Cachy, Gentelles, Glisy, Longueau, Villers-Bretonneux Nathalie Marchand and Jean-Louis Piot PCF - PS 24,853 80 09

Canton of Amiens-5 Formed from a part of Amiens
Amiens
and the communes of Boves, Cagny Philippe Casier and Blandine Denis PS - EELV 24,535 80 10

Canton of Amiens-6 Formed from a part of Amiens
Amiens
and the communes of Dury, Hébécourt, Rumigny, Sains-en-Amiénois, Saint-Fuscien Hubert de Jenlis and France
France
Fongueuse UDI 25,969 80 11

Canton of Amiens-7 Formed from a part of Amiens
Amiens
and the communes of Pont-de-Metz, Saleux, Salouël, Vers-sur-Selles Margaux Delétré and Olivier Jardé UMP - UDI 27,188 80 12

Deputies[edit]

Main article: 2012 legislative elections in Somme (fr)

Amiens
Amiens
is divided into two legislative districts:

1st district of the Somme (fr) (including Amiens
Amiens
II North-West, Amiens
Amiens
IV East, Amiens
Amiens
VIII North): Pascal Demarthe
Pascal Demarthe
(PS) (he succeeded Pascale Boistard, named Secretary of State for the rights of women of the Second Valls Government
Second Valls Government
on 26 August 2014) 2nd district of the Somme (fr) (including Amiens
Amiens
I West, Amiens III North-East, Amiens
Amiens
V South-East, Amiens
Amiens
VII South-West, Amiens
Amiens
VI South): Barbara Pompili
Barbara Pompili
(EELV)

List of mayors[edit] Main articles: [[:List of mayors of Amiens (fr)]], [[:Municipal elections in Amiens (fr)]], and [[:2014 municipal elections in Amiens (fr)]] On 4 April 2014, Brigitte Fouré
Brigitte Fouré
(IDU (NC)) succeeded Gilles Demailly (fr) (PS). Her list was elected in the second round on 30 March 2014 with 50.39% of the votes.[30]

List of successive mayors since 1944

Start End Name Party Other details

24 September 1944 27 May 1950 Maurice Vast (fr) SFIO Industrialist, he ran the oils and fats business of "Igol". Mayor from 24 September 1944. Resigned on 27 May 1950. Councillor acting as Mayor until 7 June 1950.

7 June 1950 7 July 1950

Following the resignation of Maurice Vast (fr), who was outvoted, the city was administered by a special delegation led by Eugène Jolibois.

7 July 1950 7 May 1953 Maurice Vast (fr) SFIO

7 May 1953 22 March 1959 Camille Goret SFIO Lawyer

22 March 1959 28 March 1971 Maurice Vast (fr) SFIO then DVG allied to the UNR

28 March 1971 24 March 1989 René Lamps PCF Teacher
Teacher
and Professor of general education of college (fr)

24 March 1989 27 June 2002 Gilles de Robien UDF-PR then UDF Insurance broker and loan officer. Resigned in 2002 to join the Government.

27 June 2002 29 March 2007 Brigitte Fouré UDF Maître de conférence in private law. Resigned on the return of Gilles de Robien.

29 March 2007 21 March 2008 Gilles de Robien UDF then NC

21 March 2008 4 April 2014 Gilles Demailly (fr) PS Teacher-researcher (fr), specialist in the chemistry of sugars

1 April 2015 In progress Brigitte Fouré UDI (NC)

Judicial and administrative authorities[edit] Amiens
Amiens
is a city marked by a strong judicial tradition, with the historical presence of its Court of Appeal, the Cour d'appel d'Amiens (fr), as well as all courts of first and second degree of judicial order (fr). The Court of Appeal of Amiens
Amiens
has jurisdiction over the three departments of Picardy, with nine high courts (fr). More recently, Amiens
Amiens
has become the seat of:

The national court of disability and the pricing of insurance for work accidents (fr).[31] An administrative tribunal (fr) whose rulings may be appealed (fr) to the administrative court of appeal (fr) of Douai. The Regional Chamber of Auditors (fr) of Picardy.

Environmental policy[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2015)

Twin towns – sister cities[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France According to the official database of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs dated 11 November 2013, Amiens
Amiens
is twinned with four municipalities, with Nafplio
Nafplio
not listed:[32]

Dortmund, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany[33] since 1960. It was the first Franco-German pairing formalised in France.[34] Exchanges are artistic and cultural. Görlitz, Saxony, Germany[33] since 1971. Darlington, England, United Kingdom,[35] since 1973. Bergen, Norway, since 2005. Nafplio, Greece[citation needed]

Furthermore, the municipality has signed contracts of cultural and economic partnerships with several communes:[32]

Brussels, Belgium M'bam, Cameroon Rome, Lazio, Italy Baia Mare, Romania, since 2000. Howden-le-Wear, Durham, England, United Kingdom

Finally, Amiens
Amiens
participates in partnerships signed by the agglomeration community:[32]

Santa Catarina, Cape Verde. The cities include partners in the field of water and sanitation. Lviv, Ukraine: Draft exchange of apprentices and teachers in the catering industry. Brighton and Hove, England, United Kingdom, since 2006. Cities shall cooperate in particular through the Nuit blanche and the European project "Beyond the blue - Woad".

It should be noted that on the same date, the site of the Communauté d'agglomération does cite only three twinnings with Dortmund, Görlitz
Görlitz
and Darlington
Darlington
and does not cite the twinning with Bergen. Similarly, it cited the contract of partnership with Lviv, but none of the other partnerships, and adds a partnership with Tulsa in the United States.[36] Furthermore, in 1997, a cooperation agreement and a twinning charter signed between Amiens
Amiens
and the Chinese city of Mianyang. These were renewed in 2014 with aims to bring the two cities closer on various levels: economic, cultural, scientific, etc.[37] Population and society[edit] Demography[edit] The inhabitants of Amiens
Amiens
are called the Amiénois[38] and their blason populaire is Chés maqueux d'gueugues (the eaters of nuts). The population of Amiens
Amiens
has risen sharply since the mid-19th century: Its population doubled between 1850 and 1960, from 50,000 to 100,000 inhabitants, i.e. a gain of 50,000 people over this period of 110 years, and gaining about 30,000 others since (over 50 years only this time). Demographic evolution[edit] In 2012, the commune had 132,727 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses carried out in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, the communes with more than 10,000 inhabitants census takes place every year as a result of a sample survey, unlike the other communes which have a real census every five years.[note 2][note 3]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1793 40,000 —    

1800 41,279 +3.2%

1806 39,853 −3.5%

1821 41,107 +3.1%

1831 45,001 +9.5%

1836 46,129 +2.5%

1841 47,117 +2.1%

1846 49,591 +5.3%

1851 52,149 +5.2%

Year Pop. ±%

1856 56,587 +8.5%

1861 58,780 +3.9%

1866 61,063 +3.9%

1872 63,747 +4.4%

1876 66,896 +4.9%

1881 74,170 +10.9%

1886 80,288 +8.2%

1891 83,654 +4.2%

1896 88,731 +6.1%

Year Pop. ±%

1901 90,758 +2.3%

1906 90,920 +0.2%

1911 93,207 +2.5%

1921 92,780 −0.5%

1926 91,576 −1.3%

1931 90,211 −1.5%

1936 93,773 +3.9%

1946 84,761 −9.6%

1954 92,506 +9.1%

Year Pop. ±%

1962 105,433 +14.0%

1968 117,888 +11.8%

1975 131,476 +11.5%

1982 131,332 −0.1%

1990 131,872 +0.4%

1999 135,501 +2.8%

2006 136,105 +0.4%

2011 133,327 −2.0%

2012 132,727 −0.5%

From 1962 to 1999: Population without double counting; for the years following: municipal population. Source: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1999[39] then INSEE from 2004[40]

Age structure[edit] Amiens
Amiens
is distinguished by the youthfulness of its population. Indeed, in 2012, more than 25% of the population of the city was less than 20 years old. The rate of people of an age over 60 years (16.9%) is also lower than the national rate (21.6%) and the departmental rate (21%). Like national and departmental allocations, the female population of the municipality is greater in number to the male population, with a rate of 52.9 percent, whereas the national rate is 51.6%. In 2007, the distribution of the population of the town by age group was as follows:

47.1% of men (0–14 years = 19.3%, 15–29 years = 30%, 30–44 years = 20.4%, 45–59 years = 16.3%, more than 60 years = 14%) 52.9% of women (0–14 years = 16%, 15–29 years = 28.4% 30-44 year olds = 18.6%, 45–59 years = 17.4%, more than 60 years = 19.5%)

Population by age of Somme, 2009 (%)

90+

0.65

75-89

7.85

60-74

13.4

45-59

20.05

30-44

19.85

15-29

19.7

0-14

18.5

Total: 100

male

female

Source: INSEE [41]

Population by age of Amiens, 2009 (%)

90+

0.6

75-95

6.35

60-74

10.35

45-59

16.8

30-44

19.15

15-29

29.3

0-14

17.5

Total: 100.05

male

female

Source: INSEE [Insee 4]

Education[edit] Primary and secondary education[edit] Educational institutions of the city fall under the supervision of the Academy of Amiens (fr)[42] which develops according to the Inspection académique la Somme. On 1 September 2010, 10,658 children were enrolled in the Amiens public schools: 4,341 in nursery school and 6,317 in elementary school (fr).[43] In 2011, the Amiens
Amiens
agglomeration included 46 nursery schools, six elementary schools and 54 primary schools including eleven private. It had nine public colleges and six private colleges. Amiens
Amiens
has 24 schools:

Vocational high schools: Acheuléen, Édouard-Branly, Edouard-Gand, La Providence (private), Montaigne, Romain Rolland, Sacré-Cœur (fr) (private), Saint-Martin (private), Saint-Rémi (private) and Saint-Riquier
Saint-Riquier
(private). General and technological high schools: Robert de Luzarches, La Hotoie, Jean Baptiste Delambre, La Providence (private), Sacré-Cœur (fr) (private), Saint-Martin (private), Saint-Rémi (private), Saint-Riquier
Saint-Riquier
(private) and Sainte-Famille (private). General secondary schools: Louis Thuillier (fr), Madeleine Michelis (former high school for girls, established in 1883 by Marie Hugonin, wife of Charles Eugène Bertrand, mother of Paul Bertrand and niece of Bishop
Bishop
Flavien-Abel-Antoine Hugonin (fr), Bishop
Bishop
of Bayeux and Lisieux - the inaugural speech was delivered by Jules Verne.) Technological lycées: Édouard-Branly, Edouard-Gand.

Higher education[edit] The Amiens
Amiens
metropole welcomes one of the largest student populations in France. In 2013, the city has 26,000 students (3,300 in short-term)[44] and 800 researchers[45] who are divided into some 40 institutions of higher education, 32 laboratories, 10 units associated with the National scientific Research Centre or the French Institute of Health and Medical Research.

The University of Picardie Jules Verne
Jules Verne
(UPJV) headquartered in Amiens and has a broad range of courses:

Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy Faculty of Law, Politics and Economics Faculty of Sciences IUP MIAGE (computing in companies) Faculty of Human Sciences, Literature, Languages, Sport Sciences IUT (Institut Universitaire Technique) of Management, Administration, Computing, Mechanical Engineering, Biological Engineering, Commercial Management. Faculty of Arts

Preparatory courses for sciences, economics, biology schools and others ESIEE
ESIEE
(Engineering School of Electronics and Electrical Technology) Business school ESC Amiens
Amiens
(Business school) ESAD (School of Art and Design) Brevet de technicien supérieur (advanced vocational diploma) in audio-visual methods School of Nursing Midwifery
Midwifery
college Physiotherapy
Physiotherapy
and Massage School Teacher
Teacher
training college

Health[edit] The CHU (Centre Hospitalier Universitaire) of Amiens
Amiens
Picardie is organized around four sites:

South Hospital, Avenue René-Laënnec North Hospital, Place Victor-Pauchet Saint-Victor Centre, 354 Bis Boulevard de Beauville Obstetrics and Gynaecology Centre, 124 Rue Camille-Desmoulins

From 2014, the four sites were gradually gathered on the current site of the South Hospital, with the exception of the long stay units for the elderly remaining in the Saint-Victor Centre. This merger will be completed in 2016 and allow the CHU of Amiens
Amiens
to increase its national and inter-regional dimension. This group represents the largest hospital construction of France
France
and one of the most important in Europe
Europe
(more than €630 million of work and equipment). At the end of the work, the total space of the CHU of Amiens
Amiens
will be 172,000 square metres (1,850,000 sq ft). It will count three blocks of hospitalisation with 400 beds each. The CHU of Amiens
Amiens
is the largest employer in the Picardy
Picardy
region. At the end of the merger, there will be 6,700 employees, 1,300 students of the professions of health and 1,250 consultants who will go there each day.[46] In order to maintain a supply of health to the north of the city, a health centre will open its doors in the first quarter of 2016, at the crossroads of the Avenue de l' Europe
Europe
and the Rue Maurice-Ravel. This health space of 1,200 square metres (13,000 sq ft) will host general practitioners and specialists of the CHU (cardiologist, a service of gynaecology-obstetrics, psychologists, dentist, masseurs-physiotherapists, etc.) with the promise of a permanence of care (fr) (7 days a week and 24 hours a day).[47] Alongside the CHU, there are three private clinics, resulting from the consolidation of old clinics in the city. These care and hospitalisation institutions for medical, surgical, and obstetrics came together to create a private hospital centre in the Vallée des Vignes quarter, south of the city.

Polyclinic of Picardy, 43 Rue Alexandre Dumas Clinic of Europe, 5 Allée des Pays-Bas Victor Pauchet Heath Group, 2 Avenue Irlande

The CHU of Amiens
Amiens
figured in 11th place in the 2013 awards of the hospitals and clinics of the magazine Le Point.[48] In this ranking, the CHU stands out for ankle surgery (3rd), hip prosthesis (5th), foot surgery (7th) and paediatrics (14th). In this same classification, the Victor Palmer Health Group, equipped with a solid "mother-to-child hub", gained a 5th place in the table for the gynaecological clinics and an 8th place for breast cancers. In 2005, the CHU of Amiens
Amiens
became of international renown thanks to Professor Bernard Devauchelle, a native of the city, where his team performed the first partial face transplant in the world.[49] Sport[edit] Main article: [[:Sport in Amiens (fr)]] Thanks to the youth of its population, the dynamism and the success of its sports clubs, Amiens
Amiens
has been awarded the title of "Sportiest city of France" (fr) by the L'Equipe
L'Equipe
newspaper in 1999. She had already won the title in 1969. In 2013, Amiens
Amiens
Métropole has nearly 300 sports associations and Sports Recreation: approximately 150 associations are grouped within the Office of Amiens
Amiens
Metropole Sports[50] and 150 others are referenced without being adherents.[51] According to this same Office for Sports, Amiens
Amiens
has 25,000 members of sports clubs (excluding school and university members).

American Football

The Amiens
Amiens
Spartiates, operating in the Casque de diamant (D1), champions of France
France
in 2004, 2010 and 2012. Created in 1987, the club has more than 400 licensees.

Athletics

AUC Athlétisme (fr) is a multidisciplinary athletic club which particularly developed Stella Akakpo, specialist of the sprint and the relay. Bertrand Moulinet
Bertrand Moulinet
specialist of the 20 km and 50 km walk.

Badminton

The AUC Badminton
Badminton
( Amiens
Amiens
University Badminton
Badminton
Club) was founded in 1986. Labeled "French school of badminton" by the French Federation of badminton (fr), the club had 205 members in 2014.[52] The city hosted the French National Badminton
Badminton
Championships in 2011.

Fencing

The Circle of Fencing
Fencing
of Amiens
Amiens
Métropole is one of the oldest French clubs. It was succeeded in the Hall of arms of Amiens
Amiens
opened in 1886. The circle has approximately 150 members and remains a major club of French fencing with many qualifications and results at the Championships of France
France
of fencing (fr). The club held the Elite French Championships in 2001 and 2011.

Hockey

The Amiens
Amiens
Sports Club (fr), currently playing in League Elite (fr) D1), champions of France
France
men in 1981, 1982, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989 and champions France
France
women in 1983, 1984, 1993, 1995.

Floorball

The Hoplites d'Ambiani (fr), D1 (fr). A second team is evolving in D2 (fr).

Football

The Amiens
Amiens
SC, for National (D3). The team was a finalist of the Coupe de France
France
in 2001 and semi-finalists in 1930 and 2008. CSA Club, Amiens SC
Amiens SC
women's team plays in Division 2 (fr). Before the 2012-2013 season, the team was known under the name of CS Amiens Montieres Etouvie. The Amiens
Amiens
AC, currently playing in the CFA (D4).

Golf

The Golf
Golf
Club D'amiens was founded in 1924. The men's team plays in D1 (fr), women team in D2. The club has 530 members in 2013.[53]

Handball

The Amiens
Amiens
Picardie Hand (fr) (APH), currently playing in National 2 (fr) (D4). The club, result of the merger of several clubs Amiens, was created in 1991.

Ice hockey

The Gothiques d'Amiens, currently playing in Ligue Magnus
Ligue Magnus
(D1), champions of France
France
in 1999 and 2004 runners-up France
France
in 1989, 1997, 1998, 2003 and 2006. The team plays at the Coliséum
Coliséum
on the largest area of permanent ice of France
France
(3800 seats). Amiens
Amiens
hosted the Division I of the 2006 Ice Hockey World Championships.

Longue paume

Amiens
Amiens
won 10 times the Championship of France
France
in 6/6.

Ballon au poing

Each 15 August at the Parc de la Hotoie, Amiens
Amiens
receives the final stages of Ballon au poing.

Roller in-line hockey

The Écureuils d'Amiens (fr), Elite League (fr) (D1), runners-up France
France
in 2010, finalists of the Coupe de France
France
in 2007 and finalists of the European Cup of clubs in 2008.[54]

Rowing

The Sport Nautique d' Amiens
Amiens
(SNA) was founded in 1866. Located on the edge of the Parc Saint-Pierre, it is labeled "French rowing school 3 stars" by the French Federation of rowing (fr). With 465 members in 2013,[55] the club currently competes in the 2nd division.

Rugby union

The Rugby Club Amiénois (RCA) was founded in 1900. The men's first team plays in Fédérale 3.

Swimming

The Amiens
Amiens
Métropole (fr) swimming, club of Jérémy Stravius, triple world champion of swimming and Olympic champion in the 4 × 100 m relay. The club hosted the French Youth Championships in 2012 at the Coliséum

Table tennis

The Amiens
Amiens
Sport Table Tennis (fr) (ASTT) was founded in 1945. It was twice crowned champion of France
France
in 1968 and 1969. The men's first team also won the Coupe de France
France
in 1966 and 1967.

Tennis

Amiens
Amiens
Athletic Club (AAC) was founded in 1904. It is one of the 10 biggest clubs in France
France
with almost 1,000 members in 2013.[56]

Volleyball

The Amiens
Amiens
Longueau
Longueau
Métropole Volley-Ball (fr) (ALMVB) including women's first team plays in Women's Elite Division (fr) (D2) and the Amiens
Amiens
Métropole Volley-Ball (fr) (AMVB) including the men's first team plays in Nationale 1 (fr) (D3).

The Coliséum

Stade de la Licorne.

The Gothiques d'Amiens
Gothiques d'Amiens
in 2008

Jérémy Stravius, member of the Amiens
Amiens
Métropole Natation (fr) club

Since the start of the Tour de France
France
in 1903, Amiens
Amiens
has hosted the start of a stage on ten occasions (1932, 1962, 1964, 1967, 1970, 1971, 1975, 1979, 1999, 2004) and the stage finish nine times (1932, 1962, 1964, 1967, 1970, 1971, 1975, 1993, 1999). Amiens
Amiens
will host the finish of Stage 5 of the 2015 Tour de France
France
on 8 July. On 29 April 2006, Amiens
Amiens
hosted the French Federation of ice hockey created during the World Cup of Ice Hockey of Group B (antechamber of the world elite) organised in Amiens
Amiens
at the same time. It is now installed at Issy-les-Moulineaux. Each 15 August at the Parc de la Hotoie, the city receives the final stages of the Picardy
Picardy
sports and in particular those of the most emblematic, traditional Picard sport: The Ballon au poing. This Picard game is played by teams of six. To be able to hit the ball, players surround their hand and their wrist with a strip of canvas or leather. Media[edit] Newspapers and news magazines[edit]

Le Courrier picard (fr), principal regional newspaper, founded in 1944. Its headquarters are located at 29 Rue de la République (it sold 64,587 copies in 2013).[57] Fakir (fr), an independent journal, founded in Amiens
Amiens
in 1999 by François Ruffin. Le Télescope d'Amiens, pure player of local information, in publication from September 2012 to April 2014.[58]

Free newspapers Metro and 20 minutes are distributed in the city, including in Amiens
Amiens
railway station. Since 7 February 1996,[59] the Communauté d'agglomération Amiens Métropole distributes a free weekly local newspaper: JDA (Journal des Amiénois). This publication, which appears every Wednesday, is distributed to all homes in the metropolitan area and is made available in public places (taken at about 95,000 copies)[59] as well as on the internet site of the city in its digital version. Over time, the journal has evolved through various forms. Carried out by the Directorate of communication of Amiens
Amiens
Métropole, the latest form dates to 16 January 2015.[59] In addition to the JDA which is attached to information on the whole of the territory of Amiens
Amiens
Métropole, the city has also had monthly publications specific to the city, which no longer exist today: Amiensville then Amiens
Amiens
Forum[59] (from April 2009 to June 2014). The people of Amiens
Amiens
have other sources of information on their territory, such as the monthly publication of the Picardy
Picardy
regional Council (fr), Agir en Picardie. The Departmental Council of the Somme (fr) also sees its magazine distributed each month to the samariens homes, Vivre en Somme. Since 2006, the regional tourism committee (fr) of Picardy
Picardy
publishes Esprit de Picardie (fr), a travel magazine on the Picardy
Picardy
region, every six months. Several associative journals and specialised magazines are also distributed free of charge in public places: L'Écho des Amphis (student monthly), Bon Temps (quarterly magazine dedicated to the culture of Amiens
Amiens
and the art of living), Style & Co Amiens
Amiens
(deco magazine, trends and lifestyle), Night Clubbing Magazine (magazine of the nightlife in Amiens), Picardie la Gazette (economics weekly), Entreprises 80 (monthly of the Chamber of commerce and industry of Amiens-Picardie (fr)). Audiovisual[edit] Television
Television
channels[edit]

The headquarters of France
France
3 Picardie

The headquarters of France
France
3 Picardie (channel among other broadcasting programming Picardie Matin [ Picardy
Picardy
Morning]) is located on Rue Roger Martin du Gard, to the north of the city. Canal
Canal
Nord, local channel created in the mid-1980s in the northern districts, now extended to the entire city via the Wibox network; Wéo Picardie (fr), (broadcast suspended since 8 January 2014). TV Amiens (fr), a local television channel on the internet. WebTV Picardie, an internet television channel of the Regional Council of Picardie (fr).

FM radio stations[edit] Most of the national radio stations broadcast their programmes in the Amiens
Amiens
area. Can be added to France
France
Bleu Picardie (fr) (100.2 MHz) and local stations Radio Campus Amiens (fr) (87.7 MHz) and Radio Galaxie programme Évasion (fr) (97.7 MHz).

FM radio stations broadcast to Amiens, as of 27 February 2015

Frequency Station RDS Transmitter Power

87.7 MHz Radio Campus Amiens (fr) CAMPUS Amiens/Campus 500W

88.4 MHz Radio Nova NOVA Amiens/Dury Towercast (fr) 1 kW

89.3 MHz France
France
Musique MUSIQUE Amiens/Dury Towercast (fr) 2 kW

90 MHz Radio Métropolys (fr) METRO Amiens/Dury 3 500W

91 MHz Mouv' MOUV' Amiens/Dury TDF 1 kW

91.4 MHz Rire & Chansons RIRE & Amiens/Dury Towercast (fr) 1 kW

91.8 MHz Fun Radio F U N Amiens/Dury TDF 1 kW

92.2 MHz Nostalgie NOSTALGI Amiens/Dury Towercast (fr) 1 kW

92.6 MHz France
France
Inter INTER Amiens/Dury Towercast (fr) 2 kW

93.6 MHz Virgin Radio (Amiens) VIRGIN Amiens/Dury TDF 1 kW

94.2 MHz Contact (fr) CONTACT Amiens/Dury Towercast (fr) 1 kW

95.4 MHz France
France
Inter INTER Amiens/Saint-Just (fr) TDF 20 kW

96.3 MHz Radio FG RADIO FG Amiens/Dury Towercast (fr) 1 kW

97 MHz France
France
Culture CULTURE Amiens/Dury Towercast (fr) 2 kW

97.7 MHz Radio Galaxie programme Évasion (fr) EVASION Amiens/Dury TDF 500W

98.4 MHz Skyrock (Amiens) SKYROCK Amiens/Dury Towercast (fr) 1 kW

99 MHz NRJ
NRJ
(Amiens-Abbeville) NRJ Amiens/Dury Towercast (fr) 1 kW

99.4 MHz France
France
Musique MUSIQUE Amiens/Saint-Just (fr) TDF 20 kW

99.8 MHz TSF Jazz TSF JAZZ Amiens/Dury Towercast (fr) 400W

100.2 MHz France
France
Bleu Picardie (fr) BLEU.PIC Amiens/Dury Towercast (fr) 2 kW

101 MHz Chérie FM (Amiens-Abbeville) CHERIEFM Amiens/Dury Towercast (fr) 1 kW

101.4 MHz Radio Classique CLASSIQ Amiens/Dury TDF 1 kW

102.5 MHz France
France
Culture CULTURE Amiens/Saint-Just (fr) TDF 20 kW

103.2 MHz RTL2 RTL2 Amiens/Dury TDF 1 kW

104.3 MHz RTL RTL Amiens/Dury Towercast (fr) 1 kW

104.7 MHz Europe
Europe
1 EUROPE 1 Amiens/Dury Towercast (fr) 1 kW

105.5 MHz France
France
Info INFO Amiens/Dury Towercast (fr) 1 kW

106.1 MHz France
France
Maghreb 2 (fr) FMAGHREB Amiens/Dury TDF 1 kW

107.3 MHz RMC RMC INFO Amiens/Dury TDF 500W

107.7 MHz Sanef 107.7 (fr) 107.7 FM Péage d'Argœuves 200W

107.7 MHz Sanef 107.7 (fr) 107.7 FM Péage de Dury 200W

107.7 MHz Sanef 107.7 (fr) 107.7 FM Guignemicourt/Le Poirier 200W

107.7 MHz Sanef 107.7 (fr) 107.7 FM Péage de Glisy 200W

107.7 MHz Sanef 107.7 (fr) 107.7 FM Péage de Saleux 200W

Digital terrestrial radio stations[edit] As of 1 March 2015, the CSA has not selected Amiens
Amiens
for broadcast or experimentation of this broadcasting standard. Telecommunications[edit] The city of Amiens
Amiens
is covered with:

Cable by Wibox/Cityplay (fr) since 2002.[60] Fibre optic by Wibox/Cityplay (fr) since 2007[61] and by Orange since 2013.[62] ADSL, with five telephone exchanges, the majority of which are unbundled, by SFR, Free, Bouygues Telecom
Bouygues Telecom
and Completel (fr).[63]

Worship[edit] Buddhist worship[edit] The Zen Sōtō
Sōtō
Zen centre affiliated with the international Zen Association, on Rue Vulfran Warmé. Catholic worship[edit]

Notre-Dame Cathedral, Place Notre-Dame Chapelle du Bon Pasteur (first of the name): Situated on Rue Daire, it belonged to the Conseil général de la Somme (fr). Leased to the Society of St. Pius X
Society of St. Pius X
from 1983 to 2007, it was sold, with the property complex to which it belonged, to Picardy
Picardy
in May 2007. Chapelle Saint-Vincent-de-Paul (fr), situated on Rue Jules Barni, the offices are run by the Society of St. Pius X
Society of St. Pius X
according to the Tridentine Mass
Tridentine Mass
(an extraordinary form the Roman rite). The church of Saint
Saint
Honoré known as the église de Beauvais,[64] Rue Dom Bouquet The church of Saint-Acheul, Chaussée Jules Ferry The church of Saint-Firmin-le-Martyr, 137 Rue du Faubourg du Hem The church of Saint-Germain-l'Écossais (fr), Rue Pingre The church of Sacré-Cœur, Rue de Mareuil The church of Saint-Jacques, 'Rue Saint-Jacques The church of Saint-Leu (fr), Rue Saint-Leu The church of Saint-Martin, Rue Morgan The church of Saint-Maurice, Rue Turgot The church of Saint-Pierre, Rue St Pierre The church of Saint-Rémi (fr), Rue des Cordeliers The church of Saint-Roch, Rue de l'Abbaye The church of Sainte-Anne (fr), Rue Vulfran Warmé The church of Sainte-Jeanne-d'Arc, Route de Rouen The church of Saint-Paul, Rue de l’Île-de-France The church of Saint-Pierre in the Montières quarter The church of Sainte-Marie-Madeleine in the Renancourt quarter The church of Sainte-Thérèse, Avenue de la Paix The church of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Rue de Cagny

The church of Saint-Acheul

Door of the church of Saint-Germain-l'Écossais

The Gothic façade of the church of Saint-Leu

The church of Saint-Remi

The church of Sainte-Anne

The bell tower of the church of Saint-Pierre

The church of Saint-Honoré, Esplanade Branly

Jewish worship[edit] The synagogue is located at 12 Rue du Port d'Amont, near Pont-Beauville. Mormon worship[edit] The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
has a place of worship on the Doullens
Doullens
road. Muslim worship[edit] The city of Amiens
Amiens
concentrates the largest Muslim community of Picardy
Picardy
and one of the largest in the north of the France. Places of worship are evolving, several mosques are in phase of expansion or relocation. Thus the city has fifteen Muslim places of worship: Eight independent prayer rooms and seven mosques:[65]

The An-Nour mosque where sits the Institute of the Arab-Muslim world of Picardy
Picardy
in Rue de la Hotoie. The Al-Fath mosque (currently moving premises), also the Association of Worship and Culture of Muslims in Picardy
Picardy
located at 375 Boulevard Beauvillé. The Al Badr mosque, also the Association of workers and Moroccan traders of Amiens, located at 33 Rue Winston-Churchill. The Masjid Al Muhsinin mosque located on the Rue de l'île-de-France. The Sounnahs mosque located Rue Victorine-Autier. The Chekkar mosque, also Association of the Committee of the Briqueterie located at 40 Rue Ronsard. The Mosque of the "19" is located at 19 Avenue de l' Europe
Europe
and is home to the Association of Muslims in Picardy.

Several independent prayer rooms are present in the urban community. On the other hand, Muslim committees and associations exist in the image of the Islamic Cultural Centre of Amiens
Amiens
in the Rue de Savoie, the Muslim Cultural Freedom Association - Institute of Enlightenment and also the Association of residents of the home at 21 Route d'Allonville. Protestant worship[edit] The temple is adjacent to the Church of Saint-Jacques. Economy[edit] Both industrial hub and services centre, Amiens
Amiens
enjoys a large pool of workers, a labour pool of over 350,000 inhabitants and many professional training courses. Proof of dynamism, the magazine L'Entreprise (fr) elected Amiens "Most attractive city of France" for businesses (category less than 200,000 inhabitants) in 2009 and 2007. The city finished second in 2010, 2008 and 2006. The strengths of the city include a developed real estate business and taxation around the average for French cities. In addition, its geographical position square in the centre of the triangle " Paris
Paris
- London
London
- Brussels", that is at the heart of the richest Europe. The magazine Challenges has also designated Amiens
Amiens
as "Best managed city of France" (category large cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants) in 2011, 2010 and 2008. Income of the population and taxation[edit] In 2010, the median taxable household income was €22,539, which placed Amiens
Amiens
at 177th place among the 31,525 communes with more than 39 households in metropolitan France.[66] In 2009, the proportion of taxable households was 48.1%.[Insee 5] Employment[edit] In 2009, the population aged 15 to 64 years amounted to 93,256 persons, among which there were 66.5% of assets including 54.9% having a job and 11.6 per cent of unemployed.[Insee 6] There were 81,405 jobs in the employment area, against 72,058 in 1999. The number of assets employed residing in the area of employment being 51,539, the concentration of job indicator[note 4] is 158.0%, which means that the employment area offers three jobs for every two active inhabitants.[Insee 7]

Distribution of employment[when?]

Tertiary sector Industry Construction Agriculture

Amiens 79.3% 17.4% 3.0% 0.2%

National average 71.5% 18.3% 6.1% 4.1%

Source: Insee[citation needed]

Agriculture
Agriculture
has very little representation among Amiens
Amiens
jobs with only 0.2%, just as the construction sector which represents 3.0% of jobs. Unlike these two sectors whose share is below the national average, the tertiary sector represents a significant part of the Amiens workforce, 19.8%, and is more important than at the national level. Industry
Industry
includes 17.4% of jobs. The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company
Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company
announced more than 400 job cuts (fr) in May 2008 at the Amiens
Amiens
plant, which has had 1,450 employees; in March 2009, the management announced new collective redundancies (fr) of a thousand jobs.[67] Businesses and shops[edit]

Chamber of commerce and industry of Amiens (fr) and Chartier-Corbasson architectes (fr), in 2012

On 31 December 2010, at Amiens, there were 9,166 businesses: 69 in agriculture, forestry and fisheries, 402 in industry, 533 in construction, 6,111 in trade, transportation and various services and 2,051 were related to the administrative sector.[Insee 8] In 2011, 743 companies were established at Amiens,[Insee 9] including 417 by of sole proprietors.[Insee 10] Philatelic publishers Yvert et Tellier
Yvert et Tellier
(catalogues of quotes) and l'Écho de la timbrologie (magazine) have their management in Amiens, even if they have more of their services in the Paris
Paris
region. The Gueudet
Gueudet
Group, one of the largest car dealers in France, was established at Amiens
Amiens
in 1918. The old textile tradition of the city remains with the factory of Lee Cooper
Lee Cooper
France
France
(122 employees). Since the end of World War II, much of the city's economy was related to automotive equipment with companies such as Valeo, Goodyear and Sumitomo-Dunlop tyres. In 2003, Dunlop was bought by the American Goodyear company, these two companies through late 2007 and early 2008 had a deep crisis, the headquarters in the United States having "offered" to workers a change of their working hours and the number of posts, which was refused by the staff at a high percentage. Procter & Gamble, settled at Amiens
Amiens
in 1964 to produce soap and inaugurated its new detergents unit in 1966. Established over more than 45 hectares (110 acres), it is one of the largest factories in the world for laundry cleaning products (Ariel, Dash, Bonux, Gama) and for around the house (Mr. Clean, Febreze). More than 85% of its production is intended for export. The Amiens
Amiens
plant employs approximately 930 people. Since the mid-1990s, the city has tried to convert to the economy of the internet and telephony. Many call centres (Intracall center, Coriolis France, Médiamétrie)[68] have opened mainly within the city, region or state. The Unilog (now Logica) computer service company has installed a service centre in Amiens
Amiens
(the CSA). Amiens
Amiens
is the seat of the Regional Chamber of commerce and industry of Picardy (fr). It is also the seat of the Chamber of commerce and industry of Amiens (fr). It manages the Amiens
Amiens
- Glisy
Glisy
Aerodrome. Culture, tourism and heritage[edit] Main article: [[:List of historic monuments of Amiens (fr)]] The strategic position of Amiens
Amiens
makes it an attractive destination for a weekend or a few days, from Paris, Lille
Lille
or Brussels. Amiens also benefits from the proximity of the Baie de Somme, a tourist hotspot registered at the Club des plus belles baies du monde (fr) and labelled Great Site of France (fr). Amiens
Amiens
has the label of Towns and Lands of Art and History since 1992. Within this framework, the host of the heritage organises guided tours to themes intended for an audience of adults and children with educational workshops. A signposted circuit allows an independent tour of the town, with information panels offering comment on places and notable buildings. Amiens
Amiens
has an important historical and cultural heritage, an accessible and varied natural heritage, on which tourism is based. The main attractions are the cathedral, which is included in the world heritage of UNESCO, the hortillonnages (fr), Jules Verne House (fr), the Tour Perret, the Musée de Picardie, the zoo (fr), and the quarters of Saint-Leu and Saint-Maurice. Places and monuments[edit] The commune has an exceptional heritage: 53 monuments listed in the inventory of monuments historiques[69] and 126 places and monuments listed in the general inventory of cultural heritage (fr);[70] and on the other hand, 263 objects listed in the inventory of monuments historiques[71] and 122 objects listed in the general inventory of cultural heritage.[72] The information given below is relative only to a brief selection. Notre-Dame d'Amiens[edit] Main article: Amiens
Amiens
Cathedral

Façade of Notre-Dame Cathedral

“ It's a lovely woman, this Cathedral is a Virgin. ... Point of vain confusion, here, point of exaggeration or swelling. It is absolutely empirical of supreme elegance. ”

— Auguste Rodin

Amiens Cathedral
Amiens Cathedral
deserves the name given by M. Viollet-le-Duc, 'the Parthenon
Parthenon
of Gothic architecture'. ”

— John Ruskin, The Bible of Amiens

The city is famous for its Notre-Dame Cathedral, masterpiece of Gothic art and the largest cathedral in the world by its interior volume (200,000 cubic metres (7,100,000 cu ft)).[73] The largest religious and medieval building of France, its interior could twice hold Notre Dame de Paris.[74] The cathedral measures 145 metres (476 ft) long and its spire rises 112 metres (367 ft) high. The vaults of the central nave, finished in 1247, are 42.3 metres (139 ft) (close to the maximum limit for this architecture). Dating back to the 13th century, its construction is due to the wealth of the city in the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
and the fire of the Romanesque cathedral which stood previously. Three architects, including Robert of Luzarches succeeded to complete the construction. Amiens Cathedral
Amiens Cathedral
is notable for the coherence of its plan, the beauty of its three-tier interior elevation, the particularly fine display of sculptures on the principal façade and in the south transept, and other inlays of its floor. It is also described by John Ruskin
John Ruskin
as "Gothic, clear of Roman tradition and of Arabian taint, Gothic pure, authoritative, unsurpassable, and unaccusable." Regarded as the archetype of the classic Gothic style, the cathedral also presents some elements of the radiant Gothic style and flamboyant Gothic. The speed of construction, barely 70 years for the shell (1220 to 1269), explains this remarkable homogeneity of style. Its façade is decorated with more 3,000 statues, gargoyles and chimeras. Registered since 1981 as a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
of UNESCO
UNESCO
as a "masterpiece of world heritage", it is a second time in 1998 as a monumental step on the Camino de Santiago. Despite the two World Wars of the 20th century, which severely affected the city, it managed to stay intact. A show of the reproduction of the original polychromy[75] of façades, discovered as a result of recent laser cleaning, is given annually for free in December and during the summer period. The show is a projection on the façade of slides in color. The zodiac (fr) is a set of reliefs on the foundations of the western façade formed series of quatrefoil medallions, carved in a representative agrarian calendar and the signs of the zodiac. The statue of the weeping Angel (fr) (on a tomb carved by Nicolas Blasset (fr)) and the reliefs evoking Saint-Firmin and St. John the Baptist are some of the well-known works of the Cathedral. At ground level lies the intact labyrinth (fr) of 234 metres (768 ft) long. On the north side of the cathedral is the former Palace of the Bishop of Amiens (fr), occupied by the École supérieure de commerce (fr) in Amiens.

The cathedral seen from the Rue André

West entrance

Entrance

The labyrinth

The choir

Columns

Mausoleum of Charles de Vitry

Tomb of Canon Lucas

The belfry[edit]

The belfry of Amiens

Main article: [[:Belfry of Amiens (fr)]] Its origin dates back to the establishment of the commune of Amiens
Amiens
by Louis VI. It is mentioned for the first time in an arbitral award issued by the chapter of Amiens
Amiens
in 1244. Symbolising the independence of the commune, it was formerly used for meetings of the notables of the city and then as archive rooms, weapons store and prison. A spotter nearby monitored arrivals and warned the population of the external dangers. During the Middle Ages, the building was repeatedly engulfed by fire. The belfry is composed of a base in white cut stone, built in the 15th century between 1406 and 1410, a stone superstructure bell tower built from 1749 with Baroque volutes at its base, and a dome covered with slate and then an arrow and a weather vane with a renown. At the time, a huge 11-ton bell was installed inside, it was later destroyed along with the dome (as a result of the melting of the copper component) in the bombardment and fire of the city on 19 May 1940. Abandoned and devoid of a roof since World War II, the monument was fully restored between February 1989 and July 1990. Located on the Place au Fil, the old central square of the city before the arrival of the railway and the rise of the Rue des Trois Calloux, the belfry is adjacent to Les Halles and the back of the city hall.[76] At a height of 52 metres (171 ft), it rings every hour of the day. Since July 2005, the belfry of Amiens
Amiens
(recorded in the inventory of Historic Monuments) is, as Notre Dame Cathedral, classed among the world heritage of UNESCO. Cirque Jules-Verne[edit] Main article: [[:Cirque Jules-Verne (fr)]]

The municipal circus of Amiens
Amiens
in 1912, on the festival of Saint
Saint
Jean.

The municipal circus of Amiens
Amiens
in 2006.

In 1845, the traditional fair of Saint-Jean, formerly held at Place René Goblet, was transferred to Place Longueville, a wide esplanade taking the place of the Longueville bastion since the demolition of the walls of the city in the early 19th century. Each year, a temporary circus was established on this occasion. In 1865, a circus company emerged to claim a permanent circus, which would be built in wood by the Schytte contractor in 1874. However, expensive maintenance prompted the municipality to consider the construction of a new building. The decision was taken in 1886 under the leadership of Mayor Frédéric Petit and the work began. The Chief Architect of the Somme, Émile Ricquier (fr), a disciple of Gustave Eiffel, was responsible for its construction. It was inspired by the Cirque d'hiver
Cirque d'hiver
of Paris
Paris
but chose a cast metal frame, supplemented by brick from the local countryside. The architect of civil buildings, Charles Garnier, claimed that the frames should be hidden with a plaster imitating stone. The "moderninst" design of Ricquier, who chose to display the structure, and to favour local material such as brick, is visible at the rear of the monument. With its 16-sided polygonal shape, with a diameter of 44 metres (144 ft), it includes lodges and stalls in its enclosure. Modern, it hosts two steam engines dedicated fully electric lights and central heating. Since its construction, it has also been the first circus which included a buffet and a refreshment bar. The cost of the construction of the building finally reached double the forecast.[77] In 1888, the new city councillor responsible for festivals and celebrations, Jules Verne, was responsible for monitoring the work, and it was he who opened it on Sunday 23 June 1889, for the opening of the fair and the centenary of the French Revolution:[78]

“ The new circus is a work of art that your municipal administration wanted to build with all of the enhancements of the modern industry. It is the most best, undoubtedly, it is also the most comprehensive with its facilities and equipment which have been built in France
France
and abroad. ”

— Jules Verne

The roof was damaged by a shell in 1916. The circus was the setting for Federico Fellini's The Clowns (1971), and the film by Jean-Jacques Beineix, Roselyne et les lions (1989), with Isabelle Pasco as lead actress. The largest of the circuses of the province with its 3,000-seats, the building has acquired a multidisciplinary use for decades of performances of theatre, dance, concerts, galas, sports and public meetings. Renovated in 2003, it now bears the name of Cirque Jules Verne. After hosting the performances of Cirque Rancy (fr), it hosts resident Cirque Arlette Gruss (fr). Since 1 January 2011, the circus has been labelled "national hub circus and street arts", managed by an EPCC (fr). It is one of seven in France
France
and is still in use today.[79] The house of Jules-Verne[edit] Main article: [[:Maison de Jules Verne (fr)]] In 1882, Jules Verne
Jules Verne
and his wife, Honorine, rented the house at the corner of Rue Charles-Dubois and Boulevard Longueville until 1900. Acquired in 1980 by the city, the house is labeled Maisons des Illustres (fr) by the Ministry of Culture. Restored in 2006, thanks to the work of the Centre international Jules-Verne (fr), this 19th-century mansion, listed in the supplementary inventory of historic monuments (fr), traces through the exhibition of more than 700 objects, the personality, the sources of inspiration and memories of Jules Verne. Tour Perret[edit] Main article: Tour Perret (Amiens) Opposite the Gare d'Amiens, the neighborhood was rebuilt after having been razed by bombing in 1944, is located the Tour Perret (from the name of its architect Auguste Perret). Over 100 metres (330 ft) high, it was one of the first skyscrapers built in Europe, and the highest for a long time.[80] The Church of Saint-Leu[edit] Main article: [[:Église Saint-Leu d'Amiens (fr)]] This church was built at the end of the 15th century, on the model of the hall-churches. It is dedicated, as its district, to Saint
Saint
Leu, referring to the 7th century bishop who was exiled to the Vimeu (fr). It has three naves. A flamboyant portal adorns the base of the steeple. The latter, struck by lightning, had to be rebuilt at the beginning of the 16th century. The ends of beams are carved. Stone and wood statues date from the 17th century. The choir houses the glory of the Duthoit brothers (fr). Other notable buildings or monuments[edit] Architecture from antiquity[edit]

Numerous archaeological excavations have uncovered remains from proto-historic times to the Roman era. Two skylights cut in the last development of Place Gambetta allow observation of a few remains of the forum while important remnants of a large Gallo-Roman theatre uncovered in early 2007 have been dismantled and stored in accordance with the rules of archaeological conservation, during the redevelopment of the Gare quarter (March 2007).[81] The archaeological garden of Saint-Acheul
Saint-Acheul
testifies to the presence of Paleolithic man in the Somme Valley some 450,000 years ago. A stratigraphic cut, classified as an historic monument since 1947, allows visualisation of successive strata of the Somme Valley.

See also: [[:Archaeological garden of Saint-Acheul (fr)]] Architecture from the Middle Ages[edit]

The Church of Saint-Germain, disused but where exhibitions are regularly held on the colourisation of the cathedral and the St-Germain quarter, historical competitor of the Saint-Leu quarter. The animosity, between the populations of the two districts, has marked the history of Amiens. This church has a high and oddly leaning tower. Affected by the bombing of 1940, it was returned temporarily for worship in October 1965, after a thorough restoration.

Main article: [[:Église Saint-Germain-l'Écossais d'Amiens (fr)]]

The remains of the Hôtel-Dieu (Saint-Leu district, between the CRDP and the Faculty of Sciences), The mills Passe avant and Passe arrière[82] (at Saint-Leu).

Architecture from the Renaissance[edit]

The renaissance façade of the Maison du Sagittaire (moved to adjoin the Logis du Roy). The Logis du Roy (Faculty of Arts until 2003).[83] The House of the Bailiwick or Malmaison. The Citadelle: First ravelin, erected north of the Montrescu gate, the fortress was located in 1531 by F. di Giorgio on the order of Francis I (Francis I gate, with sculpted salamanders). After the capture by the Spaniards and its takeover by Henry IV (1597), Jean Errard (fr) received the charge to rebuild the defences of the city.

The Logis du Roy and the Maison du Sagittaire.

The Maison du bailliage ou Malmaison, former residence of the bailli of Amiens, constructed in 1541.

Gate of the Ravelin
Ravelin
of Montrescu constructed from 1524 to 1531.

Architecture from the 17th and 18th centuries[edit]

Abbey of Saint-Jean-des-Prémontrés of Amiens (fr) (cloister Dewailly) Abbey of Saint-Acheul
Saint-Acheul
(17th and 18th centuries) and the Church (built in 1760 on the vault of Fermin
Fermin
of Amiens) The water tower and fountains of Amiens
Amiens
(1753) The façade of the former theatre (now a bank). It was moved 4 metres (13 ft) to the line of the Rue des Trois-Cailloux. The façade of the Stengel barracks (fr) (currently an apartment building) The Palace of the Bishop (fr) of the 17th and 18th centuries. The Seminary of the Lazarists: located on Rue Jules-Barni, it was built between 1736 and 1741 and benefitted from several extensions of which the last was built under the aegis of François-Auguste Cheussey (fr) in 1828. Seized by the State (fr), following the Act of 1905, the seminary was the barracks office (named after the general assigned to the Committee of fortifications, Pierre Charles Dejean) from 1909 to 1993. During this period, it housed the headquarters of the 8th infantry division. The city hall (partly 18th century and partly 19th century). Regional style of stone and brick, with bedrock of sandstone, and stone pavilions. On the pediment is found the statues of King Louis VI and Bishop
Bishop
Geoffroi, which granted freedom to Amiens
Amiens
in 1115.[84]

The city hall

The former Stengel barracks converted into apartments (18th century, historic monuments, 1992).

Façade of the former theatre of Amiens, bank Rue des Trois-Cailloux.

Fountain of Rue Saint-Jacques.

Convent of the grey sisters (18th century, historic monuments, 1992).

Abbaye Saint-Jean-des-Prémontrés (fr) (18th century, historic monuments, 1992).

Hôtel Blin de Bourdon (18th century: 1 Rue des Augustins (historic monuments, 1993).

Maison Cozette (18th century) : 26 Place Vogel (historic monuments, 1992).

Hôtel de la Préfecture (18th and 19th centuries, historic monuments, 1992).

Architecture from the 19th century[edit]

The Palace of Justice was built from 1865 to 1880[85] on the site of the Abbey of Saint-Martin-les-Jumeaux (1073 to 1634) established at the supposed place of the sharing of the cloak of Saint
Saint
Martin and the convent of Célestins (1634 to 1781). Les Célestins, whose order was abolished in 1778, left the premises in 1881.[86] Henriville quarter, including the hotel Acloque (neo-Louis XIII style) and the Saint-Martin Church (neo-Gothic, built by Louis Antoine in 1874). The home of Jules Verne (fr),[87][88] which was reopened after renovation, in 2006, including the present neo-Gothic dining room and antique desk. The tower was covered with an armillary sphere commissioned from artist François Schuiten, who also signed the mural extending the imaginary garden of yesteryear. The Madeleine Cemetery (Cimetière de la Madeleine)[89][90] contains a number of listed monuments including the sculpture on the grave of Jules Verne. His tomb is decorated with a sculpture by Albert Roze (fr) symbolising the resurrection: Jules Verne
Jules Verne
lifting the slab to glimpse the modern world. Saint-Acheul
Saint-Acheul
cemetery (fr) where various Amiens
Amiens
personalities are buried and where there is a domed tomb with a sculpture by Auguste Rodin. The Dewailly clock, by Emile Ricquier (fr) (completely redone in 1999), supplemented by the statue of Marie-sans chemise of Albert Roze, originally in the Place Gambetta. The former insurance house, Rue Marotte, built by E. Ricquier in 1893 (now a bar). The Louis Aragon library (fr), Rue de la République, built by François-Auguste Cheussey (fr) in 1823, neoclassical style with a peristyle with columns in Tuscan drums.[91] The monastery of the visitation, built between 1839 and 1841 by Herbault. The Palace of Justice, new buildings constructed by Cheussey in 1834 and 1846. The renovations by Cheussey (1816-1848) of the cathedral. Place Saint-Denis (now place René Goblet) is designed in 1839 by the architect François Auguste Cheussey. The parish church Saint-Firmin-le-Martyr by Cheussey in 1843.[92] The Church of Sainte-Anne (fr) of the architect Victor Delefortrie (fr). The Church St-Rémi (fr) of architect Paul Delefortrie (fr).

Palace of Justice (19th century, historic monuments).

Hôtel Acloque (19th century, historic monuments, 1999).

The convent of the Visitation-Sainte-Marie (19th century, historic monuments).

Architecture from the 20th century[edit]

The hotel Bouctot-Vagniez (seat of the Regional Chamber of commerce and industry), built by Louis Duthoit in 1909, a rare Art Nouveau building in Amiens.[93] The English quarter, located on the road from Longueau, including a British phone box. An island of London
London
in the heart of Amiens. The ESIEE
ESIEE
Amiens, designed by the architects Jean Dubus and Jean-Pierre Lott. A modern building identified by its saucer. Complex of Art Deco
Art Deco
buildings on Rue Cauvin, as well as the Gueudet garages[94] (Rue des Otages). Église Saint-Honoré, rebuilt between 1957 and 1961, by Paul Tournon, on the plans of the pontifical pavilion of the universal exhibition in Paris (fr) in 1937.[95][96] The hotel Vagniez-Renon (current headquarters of the administrative tribunal): A former residence of Henriville, it houses a Moorish-style hydrotherapy room, designed by Émile Ricquier (fr). The Saint-Pierre church, destroyed in 1940 and rebuilt in 1949 by Evrard, in glass and concrete, with a brick bell tower. Le Courrier Picard (fr): The headquarters of the daily life of Amiens, first Progrès de la Somme, belongs to a set of Art Deco buildings. The monument of Philippe Leclerc de Hautecloque
Philippe Leclerc de Hautecloque
by Jan and Joël Martel in 1950. The Carmel of the Holy Spirit, on the Montjoie Hill, built in 1965 by architect Pierre Pinsard (fr). The House of culture of Amiens (fr), inaugurated on 19 March 1966 by André Malraux, built by Jean Duthilleul (fr).[97] The Coliséum, inaugurated on 5 January 1996, built by the architect Pierre Parat (fr) (designer of the Palais omnisports de Paris-Bercy). The Stade de la Licorne, built in 1999 by architects Philippe Chaix (fr) and Jean-Paul Morel.

Architecture from the 21st century[edit]

The Cinema Gaumont Amiens
Amiens
opened in 2005. It is the work of architects Philippe Chaix and Jean-Paul Morel (fr). The interior decoration is the work of Christian Lacroix
Christian Lacroix
and artists Alain Balzac and François Michel. The Verrière de la place de la gare d'Amiens, also called the Canopy. It is the work of architect Claude Vasconi, known especially for the Forum des Halles
Forum des Halles
in Paris. Subject of a controversy when it opened in March 2008, the canopy is designed to create a link between the pedestrian zone of the city centre and the ZAC Gare la Vallée, to become the business district of Amiens. Criticised[98] for its massive and imposing area of more than 10,000 square metres (110,000 sq ft), the canopy rises to 15 metres (49 ft) in height and is composed of pixellated glass panels created by Bernard Pictet (fr).[99] This is one of the largest canopies in Europe. The Zenith of Amiens
Amiens
by Massimiliano Fuksas, in the Renancourt quarter between the Mégacité and the Hippodrome. Construction
Construction
was completed in 2008.

Environmental heritage[edit] With 270 hectares (670 acres) of green space (excluding communal woodland)[100] 118,300 hectares (292,000 acres) of hortillonnages (fr), 300 hectares (740 acres) of forests, 30 hectares (74 acres) of marshland, its river and its streams, Amiens proves to be green and blue city. Floral City awarded the maximum score of 4 flowers in the floral contest of cities and villages of France,[101] it offers a particularly rich wooded heritage. 38,650 trees (excluding woodland),[102] of which 17,000 are situated on highways,[103] allowed it to win the national tree award. In 2014, the city ranked in the top 10 greenest cities of France.[104] Presenting itself as a city concerned with the environment, Amiens
Amiens
has made the link between the city and nature a central axis of its metropolitan development project called Amiens
Amiens
2030.[105] The Hortillonages[edit] Amiens
Amiens
is also known for the hortillonnages (fr), gardens on small islands in over 300 hectares (740 acres) of marshland between the River Somme
River Somme
and River Avre, surrounded by a grid network of man-made canals (locally known as "rieux"). They are also known as the "floating gardens of Amiens".[106] The hortillonnages are sometimes called "Little Venice of the North", because of the canals. Hortillon means market garden in Picard, and derives from the Latin hortillus, small garden. It is circulated in flat bottom boats, formerly called barque à cornet [Cornet boat], due to the very raised front, which allows the boats to easily dock on the fragile shores of the cultivated fields. It is the port of upstream, located at the foot of the cathedral where a weekly market is held on the water, although the arrival by boat of the growers can be accomplished only once a year, in summer.

On a boat

Hortillonnages

Bridges

Hortillonnages

Bridge

Hortillonages

Boat

Amiens
Amiens
Metropolitan Zoo[edit] Prior to its opening in May 1952, the Amiens
Amiens
Zoo (fr) is a green space bordering the basin of the Park of the Hotoie (fr). It was the mayor of the time, Maurice Vast (fr), who decided to develop the site in 1949. Originally for entertainment venue, the zoo began its mission of conservation, education and research between 1970 and 1980. Between 1990 and 2000, the zoo was completely renovated and became a permanent member of the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA) in 2001 and the National Association of Zoological Parks (fr) (ANPZ) in 2002. Today, there are 300 animals, representing approximately 75 species from all continents, cohabiting on 6.5 hectares (16 acres).[107] They live in environments, which are close to their natural environment, favouring their well-being. In 2014, the zoo received 161,128 visitors.[108] Traditionally, entry is free on July 14, Bastille Day.

Red ruffed lemur
Red ruffed lemur
(Varecia rubra)

Lar gibbons (Hylobates lar)

Red panda
Red panda
(Ailurus fulgens)

South American coati
South American coati
(Nasua nasua).

Jena and Praya, the two Asian elephants (Elephas maximus).

California sea lion
California sea lion
(Zalophus californianus)

Humboldt penguins (Spheniscus humboldti)

The main parks and gardens[edit]

The principal parks and gardens in the city.

Parc Saint-Pierre (fr), between the quarter of Saint-Leu and the Hortillonnages (fr), poumon vert de 22 hectares (54 acres) in the heart of the city, which was awarded the Prix du Paysage (fr) in 2005.[109] Parc du Grand Marais (fr), along the Somme Canal, to the west of the city. Covering over 25 hectares (62 acres), this park has many sports facilities: American football stadium, skate bowl, football field, play structures. Jardin des plantes (fr) originally called the Jardin du Roy. Created in 1751, it is the oldest garden of Amiens
Amiens
on the Boulevard du jardin des plantes Square Pierre Marie Saquez on Rue des Cordeliers Parc de l'Evéché d'Amiens (fr), at the foot of the cathedral on Place Saint-Michel Jardin médiéval on Impasse Joron Square Beauregard on Rue Louis Thuillier Parc Jean Rostand (fr) on Rue Vulfran Warmé Parc du Château de Montières (fr) on Rue Baudoin d'Ailly Parc du Petit Marais on the Avenue des cygnes Square Paul Gauguin on the Avenue de la paix Parc de la Hotoie (fr) Marais des trois vaches Parc du Château blanc, on the Route de Rouen Bois Bonvallet (fr) Square de la rose des vents on Rue du Docteur Fafet Plaine Saint
Saint
Ladre Parc Léon Pille on Rue de l'Agrappin Zoo d'Amiens (fr) on the Esplanade de la Hotoie Cimetière de la Madeleine (fr), on Rue Saint
Saint
Maurice Le Square Saint-Denis (fr) Square Montplaisir, on Place Joffre Square Aimé Césaire, on Boulevard de Belfort Clos Alexandre (fr), jardin floral et paysager privé Cimetière Saint-Acheul (fr), on Rue de Cagny Jardin archéologique de Saint-Acheul (fr), on Rue de Boutillerie

Floral city: 4 flowers attributed since 2013 by the National Council of Cities and Villages of France
France
for the competition of floral cities and villages.[110] The national Council of Cities and Villages awarded the 2012 National Tree Prize to the city for "its exceptional and innovative management of its wooded heritage" (37,000 trees, some more than a century old).[111] Cultural heritage[edit] Museums[edit]

Musée de Picardie

The Musée de Picardie
Musée de Picardie
is a key site in the history of the National Museum since it is the first building to have been built in France
France
to serve as a museum as such.[112] Built under the Second Empire on the model of the new Louvre of Napoleon III, it opened its doors to the public in 1867 after the visit of the emperor. Considered the French model of a 19th-century museum, it was nicknamed the "Little Louvre of the Province".[113] It hosted very early rich collections which are now divided into four departments:[114] Archaeology
Archaeology
in the basement, the Medieval art
Medieval art
on the ground floor, fine arts on the ground floor and the first floor, and modern and contemporary art on the first floor. Rooms are also devoted to temporary exhibitions. The department of fine arts brings together paintings by Van Dyck, Jordaens, Ruysdael, El Greco, Ribera, Tiepolo, Guardi, Fragonard, Chardin, Boucher, Quentin de La Tour, Vouet, Corot and Courbet. The modern and contemporary collection is represented by Picasso, Picabia, Balthus, Dubuffet, Hélion, Bacon, Miró and Manessier. Access to the picture galleries of the first floor is by a mounumental staircase in a setting dedicated to the famous wall compositions of Pierre Puvis de Chavannes.[115]

Musée de l'Hôtel de Berny (fr)

The Hotel de Berny Museum (fr) is a regional museum of local art and history. This building, typical of the Louis XIII architecture, was built in 1634 as a mansion of the treasurers of France. Property of Gérard de Berny (fr), Senator of the Somme, in the first half of the 20th century, the latter restored the façades and settled its collections. Located a few metres from the Cathedral, this Museum of France (fr) retains an exceptional collection of woodwork, furniture and objets d'art (tapestries, ceramics, ironworks) and memories (objects and arrays) of Amiens
Amiens
personalities:[116] Jules Verne, Choderlos de Laclos, Édouard Branly, Jean-Baptiste Gresset, Vincent Voiture, Joseph Pinchon, Maréchal Leclerc. The museum is currently undergoing a complete renovation of its buildings and an overhaul of the installation of its museum collections.

The House of Jules Verne (fr) from the Mail Albert 1st

The House of Jules Verne (fr), labeled Maisons des Illustres (fr), is the home of the most translated writer in the world after Agatha Christie:[117] Jules Verne. He lived here from 1882 to 1900 with his wife Honorine, and wrote part of his work in this mansion of the 19th century. Its visit proposes to enter into the intimate and creative universe of the author. The building largely retains its original decor and opens almost all of its rooms, from the ground floor to the attic. The permanent collections are presented on two floors, in the attic, the tower and the belvedere of the house: Approximately 700 collected objects evoke the personality, sources of inspiration and memories of Jules Verne.[118] Costumed tours, performances, parties and literary encounters of thematic conferences are also regularly organised.[119] Gallery of stained glass is located in the workshop of master glassmaker Claude Barre, in a house of the 16th century near to the cathedral. It presents a large collection to the public of religious stained-glass windows and interior from the 11th to the 19th century. The gallery also offers demonstrations on the techniques of stained glass. The House of culture of Amiens (fr) (also known by the acronym MCA or MACU) was inaugurated on 19 March 1966 by André Malraux. Major cultural institution (fr) in the region, it has two exhibition halls for contemporary art, the Matisse Hall and the Giacometti Room, which regularly host exhibitions of sculptures, photographs and plastic arts. The Fonds régional d'art contemporain of Picardie (FRAC Picardie), created in 1983, aims the promotion of contemporary art in partiular through dissemination actions. As early as 1985, FRAC Picardie had specialised its action in the field of the design and its contemporary dimensions. It is also interested in the media, on and off paper, since artists are now working through the video medium. This allowed it to acquire a good reputation in France
France
and abroad.[120] In 30 years, the FRAC has brought together a unique collection of a thousand drawings which include major names of contemporary art, such as Basquiat, Dubuffet, Oppenheim, Twombly, Matta, Manessier, etc.[121] Since 2001, discussions are underway to construct a new building to accommodate the fonds and its collections.[122]

Amiens
Amiens
was strongly tipped to host the Louvre II.[123] Concert halls[edit] The city has a number of concert spaces, mostly small venues, and pubs also host numerous concerts throughout the year.

The Zenith of Amiens
Amiens
was inaugurated in September 2008. With a capacity of 6,000 seats, it is the work of the Italian architect Massimiliano Fuksas.[124] Holder of the required Zénith label, this facility allows the hosting of national and international headline acts and ensures a high level of services and organisation. The accessibility of the place by motorway (A16, A29, A1), and the possibilities of free parking, radiates to Belgium
Belgium
and to the Paris region.[125] The megacity (fr) is the Park of the Congress and Exhibitions of Amiens. Located in immediate proximity of the Zenith of Amiens
Amiens
and the Stade de la Licorne, there are two auditoriums of 350 and 1,000 places[126] where concerts and comedy shows (fr) are programmed. Cirque Jules-Verne (fr), the biggest grand circus of France, has about 1,700 seating spaces since its renovation in 2003. It welcomes, among other shows, concerts. The House of culture of Amiens (fr) offers many live shows and concerts. It manages also New Dreams, a room for 120 seated or 300 standing, which also hosts concerts. The Auditorium Henri Dutilleux is the auditorium of the Conservatoire à rayonnement régional d'Amiens (fr). With high acoustic quality, it offers 370 seats on three levels. It offers mainly classical concerts. La Lune des Pirates (fr) is the stage of contemporary music (fr) (SMAC) of the city. Created in 1987 in a former banana warehouse of the Belu Wharf, La Lune has a capacity of 250 seats.

Theatres[edit]

The House of Culture of Amiens (fr)

The House of Culture of Amiens (fr) has the Scène nationale (fr) accreditation from the Ministry of Culture. Cultural place of the city, its mission is broad and covers many disciplines: theatre, music, dance, cinema and visual arts. It brings together two theatres: the Grand Théâtre (1,070 seats) and the Petit Théâtre (300 seats). The Comédie de Picardie (fr) (ComDePic) is one of the city's main theatres. This Scène conventionnée (fr) was founded in 1989 by the Regional Council of Picardie (fr) and offers fifteen plays every year. The theatre has a room of 400 places and houses its own company. The Maison du Théâtre was established in April 1988 in the historic quarter of Saint-Leu (fr). Its activities range from creation to dissemination, training and theatrical information. Focused on contemporary theatre, the Maison du Théâtre also hosts local theatrical companies and their creations.[127] The puppet theatre "Chés cabotants of Amiens", founded in 1933, is the heir of some eighty cabotan theatres which were created in Amiens, in the 19th century, the French capital of the puppet son.[128] Since 1997, a theatre is dedicated to Chés Cabotans
Chés Cabotans
of Amiens
Amiens
and his popular hero Lafleur (fr). It is located in the heart of the Saint-Leu quarter. The Boîte à Rire is a café-théâtre, created in September 2012.[129] This 48-seat hall is located near to Amiens
Amiens
Cathedral, and proudly displays a one-man show and Boulevard theatre.

Cultural centres[edit] Amiens
Amiens
Métropole has nine cultural centres which cover much of the metropolitan area: Six in various districts of Amiens, and three in the neighbouring communes of Longueau, Camon and Glisy. These outreach facilities working in the field of art and creation are openly oriented "venues". Open to all, they offer an eclectic programme: Parts of theatre and concerts, shows for young people and dance, projections of films, exhibitions, meetings and debates, etc. In 2013, they accommodated 48,000 people.[130]

The Briqueterie is installed, since 2001, on the site of the former Friant military barracks in the Elbeuf quarter.[131] As part of its programming, it hosts concerts, as well as exhibitions, public theatre and shows for youths. To this end, it has a room that can accommodate 120 people. The Jacques Tati cultural centre is located in the heart of the Pierre Rollin.[132] Opened in January 2008, the Jacques Tati theatre has 198 seats[133] and hosts plays, public youth performances, concerts, etc. The Léo-Lagrange cultural centre is located in Saint
Saint
Germain district.[134] Venue of exhibitions, meetings and performances (music, theatre, dance, circus), it has a room of 85 seats named the chapel. The CSC is installed in the heart of the Etouvie quarter.[135] Its missions include the dissemination of exhibitions and performances. To this end, it has a room of 150 seats. The Étoile du sud is located in the neighbourhood Victorine-Autier. This cultural centre is specialised in urban cultures and has the peculiarity of having a computer (MAO) recording studio. The Safran is located in the north quarter of Amiens. This 'multidisciplinary and experimental' Scène Conventionnée (fr) offers diverse programming:[136] Drama, public youth shows, dance and exhibitions. Its theatre hall, known as Gérard-Philipe has 220 spaces.[137] Saffron also hosts a music complex, the Cité Carter, which offers rehearsal studios, recording sessions and organises concerts of contemporary music in its 250-seat hall.[138]

Libraries[edit] Main article: [[:Bibliothèques d' Amiens
Amiens
Métropole (fr)]] Libraries currently constitute a network of 28 facilities spread over the whole territory of the metropolis. The heart of this network is the Louis Aragon library, located on Rue de la République. Built between 1823 and 1826, it is one of the oldest municipal libraries in France.[139] It experienced several improvements, including campaigns of work between 1982 and 1993, which have endowed it with new spaces: Two auditoriums, a youth space, a library and an art library.[140] Registration and borrowing is free for all of the people of Amiens
Amiens
in all libraries. Two libraries also provide service to quarters and the communes of the agglomeration, as well as the home delivery of documents for people with reduced mobility. Cinemas[edit] There are three cinemas:

The Cinema Gaumont Amiens
Amiens
(12 rooms, 2,700 seats) was inaugurated in September 2005. Located just steps from the Amiens
Amiens
railway station, it has a large lobby and a 600-seat room. A 500-space car park is located under the cinema. It is the work of the architects Philippe Chaix and Jean-Paul Morel (fr) and its interior decoration was entrusted to Christian Lacroix.[141] In 2011, this multiplex received 887,000 cinemagoers.[142] The Cine-Saint-Leu (one room with 250 seats) was inaugurated in October 2000,[143] after the closure of the Regent Cinema located near the railway station. An arthouse cinema, it is part of the major cultural facilities of the Cathedral Centre. Its eclectic and cinephile programming offers the possibility to see the original version of contemporary films. The Studio Orson Welles (one room with 180 seats in the Maison de la culture d'Amiens (fr)). An arthouse cinema operated by the Maison de la culture d'Amiens (fr), it offers arthouse films as well as retrospectives of great names of the seventh art, old or contemporary.[144]

Cultural events and festivals[edit] Throughout the year, Amiens
Amiens
is the seat of many cultural, traditional or economic events.

The Royal de luxe
Royal de luxe
company during the 28th Fête dans la ville in 2005.

The Festival
Festival
Art, city and landscape in the Hortillonnages

Detail of the son et lumière show of Amiens, la cathédrale en couleurs.

The Grande Réderie d'Amiens

Amiens, la cathédrale en couleurs.

The Fête au bord de l'eau

The 13th Rendez-Vous de la Bande Dessinée d'Amiens (fr) in 2008.

The Gilles of Binche at the inauguration of the Christmas market
Christmas market
in 2013.

The Un été en musique event at the Jules Bocquet bandstand.

Annual Events

Month Event Subject Number of editions (In 2015)

January Festival
Festival
Tendance Europe This festival, organised by the Maison de la culture d'Amiens (fr), is dedicated to contemporary creation. Programming highlights emerging European artists in a variety of areas: Theatre, dance, music, circus arts and visual arts. 9

February Salon des Antiquaires The Salon des Antiquaires of the city is held, every year, at the Megacity (fr). Its reputation makes it one of the most important events of its kind in the north of the France. 12

March Festival
Festival
du jeu et de l'imaginaire : À toi de Jouer This festival is dedicated to fun activities: Board games, card games, role plays, video games, comics, manga, etc. Many tournaments are organized during this event which takes place at Megacity (fr). The first edition was held on 12 and 13 May 2012 with Simon Astier (fr) for sponsor. 4

Salon du chocolat et gourmandises en Picardie For three days at the Megacity (fr), the fair offers demonstrations, parades, contests around the theme of chocolate and food in general. 5

April Grande réderie de printemps (fr) The Grande réderie de printemps (fr) (jumble sale) is a popular event that takes place twice a year: in spring (the last Sunday in April) and autumn (the first Sunday in October). After the Braderie de Lille, the Réderie of Amiens
Amiens
is the second largest event of its kind in France. It hosts more than 2,000 professional traders and individuals as well as 80,000 to 100,000 visitors to each edition.[145] -

May Leitura furiosa This festival, organized by the association "Cardan", offers various free activities relating to the world of words: Workshops calligraphy, typography, games writing, slam and shows. 23

June Foire Exposition de Picardie It takes place at the park of the congress and exhibitions of Amiens, the Megacity (fr). During nine days, it hosts approximately 50,000 visitors, 300 exhibitors and more than 20 activities.[146] 76

Rendez-Vous de la Bande Dessinée d'Amiens (fr) This comic strip festival, organised by the association "Explorers on the bubble", is one of the most important comic strip festivals in France.[147] Created in 1996, it takes place each first weekend in June, in the University Library of the Cathedral hub. Various activities in connection with the festival are also organized at different places in the city. 20

Fête dans la ville This international festival of street theatre is also known under the name of "The street is in Amiens". Created in 1977, it invited 20 companies for four days of performances, parades, fairground theatre, circus, etc. in the streets of the city. 38

Marché sur l'eau Once a year, in the context of the " Festival
Festival
in the city", the walking on water takes place as formerly. Growers (gardeners) in traditional costumes down the Somme with their boats loaded with fruit and vegetables from the hortillonnages. -

June to July Foire de la Saint
Saint
Jean It is the largest funfair in the north of the France.[148] It takes place during 3 weeks between mid-June and mid-July on the esplanade of Hotoie (fr). -

June to September Amiens, la cathédrale en couleurs Created in 1999, this son et lumière show is the first world.[149] Daily from mid-June to mid-September as well as in December, in the dark, the medieval colors of the portals of the façade of the cathedral are reborn thanks to projections of digital images. Since its inception, nearly two million people have attended the free event. 15

Un été en musique This summer event, conducted from June to September, offers a series of free concerts outdoors (at Place René Goblet and Place Gambetta, and the Jules Bocquet bandstand). Programming is mainly of local artists. -

June to October Festival
Festival
Art, villes et paysage - Hortillonnages Amiens This festival, organized by the Maison de la culture d'Amiens (fr), was born in 2010 under the heading "Imagine it now". He invited from young landscape, visual artists, architects and designers involved in the hortillonnages. In total, twenty artists facilities and landscaped gardens are located in several places in the "hortillonnages" (fr). These unusual works (floating sculptures, reinvented huts, diverted gardens, revisited gardens etc.) are visible either by walking track, boats from June to October. 6

July Voyage au cœur de l'été The event, which takes place every July in the Espace Dewailly. The programming consists of live performances around world cultures, traditions, folklore and modernity. 11

Bal du 14 juillet This ball takes place on the Place de l'hôtel de ville. It is followed by a fireworks display at the parc de la Hotoie (fr). -

July to August Un été à Amiens This summer event, conducted by the city hall of Amiens, brings together four concepts spread across three sites in the city: "Amiens-les-Bains" (children) and "Beach Attitude" (adolescents) in the Parc Saint
Saint
Pierre, "Zen Attitude" in Place Gambetta and "Sportez-vous bien" at Grand Marais. 2

August Défi Jules Verne This event, also known as "Montgolfiade", commemorates the first balloon flight (1873) of the most illustrious of the Amiens
Amiens
adoption: Jules Verne. Its uniqueness lies in the take-off of many balloons and unusual machines (between 20 and 30) from the Parc de la Hotoie (fr). Music and readings of excerpts from novels by Jules Verne accompany their flight in the sky of the city. Subject to favourable weather conditions, this event takes place every month of August. 10

Bal de la libération This festive event, which is held at the Place de l'hôtel de ville, celebrates the liberation of the city on 31 August 1944. It joins the various commemorations and tributes traditionally organised there on this day. 6

September Fête au bord de l'eau This traditional festival, organised by the association "Jacobins Traditions and history", plunges the historic quarter of Saint-Leu into a medieval atmosphere for two days: Market and medieval camps, trades of yesteryear, parades in the streets and on the water, activities, etc. It is on this occasion that runs the popular tournament of water jousting of the city. Created in 1990, this free event takes place every second weekend of September and gathers an average of 80,000 visitors. 25

October Grande réderie d'automne (fr) The autumn edition of the Grande réderie d'Amiens (fr) is held every first Sunday in October. -

Ô mon Cloître Evolution of the Nuit Blanche
Nuit Blanche
(9 editions), this event is dedicated to the performing arts and visual arts and is held in the cloister of the grey nuns. 1

Festiv'Art This festival, held since 2006 by the association of "Free radicals", allows regional, national and international artists to find themselves on the same stage for an evening which is followed by street arts and circus, theatre, concerts and graphic services. 8

November Amiens
Amiens
International Film Festival This international film festival ranks among the five largest film festivals in France.[150] Created in 1980, it is held for nine days in November and records more than 60,000 entries each year. 35

Picardie Mouv This festival of musiques actuelles (fr), organized by the Picardy
Picardy
regional Council (fr), offers eclectic programming that mixes a collage of artists of international, national and local groups. 10

December Christmas Market of Amiens The largest Christmas market
Christmas market
in the north of France,[151] it attracts over one million visitors each year.[152] The market consists of approximately 135 chalets in the city center and offers various animations (a Son et lumière show, Amiens, la cathédrale en couleurs, Ferris wheel, ice rink, village of Santa Claus, parades, rides, etc.). 18

Amiens, la cathédrale en couleurs Winter Edition of the Son et lumière show of the cathedral. -

Multi-annual Events

Month Event Subject Regularity Last edition (Number)

March Rencontres internationales Jules Verne These meetings, organised by the Centre international Jules-Verne (fr), are held every two years since 1997. Biannual 2015 (10)

Amiens
Amiens
and music[edit]

The Rabeats

Even if it rarely achieves national notoriety (with the notable exceptions of Les Fatals Picards, The Rabeats (fr), Olympe, Albin de la Simone, Disiz and Rokia Traoré), the Amiens
Amiens
music scene is active and developed. In this dynamic, the New French Rock (fr) scene holds a central place and is organised around a collective as Amiens
Amiens
Burning, which is responsible for networking the breeding ground for the local rock scene, to accompany it in its projects, and organise concerts.[153] Since their creation, La Lune des Pirates (fr) or Cité Carter also provide support to the local scene. For example, the Cité Carter each year produces a compilation with the groups which repeat within its structure.[154] Here is an overview of the Amiens
Amiens
music scene:

Rock: The Rabeats (cover band of The Beatles), The Beyonders, Molly's, Sobo, The Void, Violent Scaredy Cats, Elegant Fall, Gene Trio Electro: The Name (who created the soundtrack of the series Bref), The Blue Pop: Olympe, Nathaniel Isaac Smog, Ribo (fr) Metal: Anorak, DSK, Vakarm, Decline Of Humanity, Altered beast, Infected Society Hip Hop/Rap: Disiz (born in Amiens), D.S.C. (Dirty South Crew), Lj Crackus French singers: Albin de la Simone (born in Amiens), EmilieAnneCharlotte World Music: Rokia Traoré
Rokia Traoré
(Malian-born singer who lived in Amiens
Amiens
in the 1990s) Multiple genres: Les Fatals Picards, Zic Zazou (group of nine musicians created in 1982 and winner of La Grande Battle in November 2012)

Classical music is represented by the Orchestre de Picardie (fr) and the University Orchestra of Picardy. Vocal practice is represented by the Regional Choir of Picardy, the University Choir of Picardie, and the Choir of France
France
Picardy. Once can also include the Harmony Saint-Pierre, a fanfare of 70 musicians, which has become a local institution since its inception in 1894.[155] The city has the Conservatoire à rayonnement régional d'Amiens (fr), seat of strong musical activity (framed by 70 teachers, an administrative and technical team with an additional 20 people).[156] Amiens
Amiens
and literature[edit] Amiens
Amiens
saw rise, over the centuries, major writers.[157] In the first half of the 17th century, Vincent Voiture, poet and letter writer, was the darling of the Précieuses for the fluidity of his style. In 1634, he was member of the 1st Académie française. In 1678, Charles du Fresne, sieur du Cange, nicknamed "the French Varro", published his Glossarium in 3 volumes. This glossary of medieval Latin is still authoritative today. In 1750, Jean Baptiste Gresset, playwright and poet, celebrated in his time and member of the Académie française, founded the Academy of Amiens (fr) which is still active today and he was named perpetual president. In 1782, the Amiens
Amiens
native Choderlos de Laclos published Les Liaisons dangereuses where he staged a depraved nobility. Considered one of the masterpieces of 18th-century literature, the book has toured the world and is known as an Oscar-winning film adaptation.

“ Here I am quite citizen of Amiens. It seems to me that I was born. I live very happy, although uncomfortable to work. Amiens
Amiens
is a wise city, even-tempered, and the company is friendly and literate. It is near Paris, close enough to have the highlights without unbearable noise and bustle. ”

— Jules Verne

The signature of Jules Verne

In the 19th century, there was a brilliant literary life around the Académie des sciences, des lettres et des arts d'Amiens (fr) with historian Albéric de Calonne and the Yvert family. However, the great name of Amiens
Amiens
literary life is Jules Verne. He animated all intellectual activity, giving balls and parties, while his wife held a famous salon. He often attended the library of the industrial society, which subscribed to numerous scientific journals. A member of the Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts of Amiens
Amiens
from 8 March 1872, he was elected Director in 1875, and in 1881 and, on this occasion, he delivered several speeches of welcome, especially for one of his friends, Amiens
Amiens
cartoonist Gédéon Baril (fr), who signed illustrations of Dix heures en chasse (fr) with Hetzel. Engaged in local life, he was Councillor of Amiens
Amiens
from 1888 to 1904. He was closely interested in the affairs of the city, wrote many reports on the theatre and brought its support to the construction of the municipal circus (fr). Amiens
Amiens
does appear explicitly in his novels but there are however characteristic elements of the city such as the cathedral and the river. This is the case, for example, for the imaginary city of Ragz in Le secret de Wilhem Storitz. In the novel Une fantaisie du docteur Ox, the inhabitants of the fictional town of Virgamen, the Virgamenois, refer directly to the Amiénois and their prudent nature.[158] In 1875, he delivered before the Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts of Amiens
Amiens
a speech entitled "An ideal city: Amiens
Amiens
in the year 2000" where he portrays himself wandering in a forward-thinking city of Amiens. Since then, the city has built a tourist route from this text. He died in Amiens
Amiens
in 1905, and he deeply marked the town's footprint, so that today many places, monuments and events bear his name. He rests at La Madeleine cemetery (fr) where one can read on his tomb: Vers l'immortalité et l’éternelle jeunesse. [Towards immortality and eternal youth].

“ Such as it is with his distinctive smile, how much I love the Golden Virgin, with her smile of heavenly hostess; how much I love its home at the door of the Cathedral in its adornment exquisite and simple of hawthorns. ”

—  Marcel Proust
Marcel Proust
(about the portal of the Virgin Golden of the Cathedral of Amiens)

In 1885, Englishman John Ruskin
John Ruskin
published the Bible of Amiens, which was translated into French, extensively annotated and prefaced, in 1904, by Marcel Proust. This book dedicated to Notre-Dame d' Amiens
Amiens
was the opportunity for Proust to recall his admiration for the English author and the Cathedral of Amiens.

“ I would like to give the reader the desire and the means to spend a day at Amiens
Amiens
in a sort of Ruskinesque pilgrimage. It was not worth starting by asking him to go to Florence or Venice, when Ruskin wrote a whole book on Amiens. ”

— Marcel Proust

In the second half of the 19th century, Jules Barni (fr), Member of Parliament for the Somme (fr), Associate Professor of philosophy and brilliant scholar translated Kant's work in French and thus enabled its dissemination in France. A native of Amiens, Paul Bourget
Paul Bourget
published Le Disciple (fr) in 1889, novel today considered his major work. He was elected, 5 years later, to the Académie française. Born in Sainte-Anne district in 1885, Roland Dorgelès
Roland Dorgelès
published Les Croix de bois (fr) in 1919. A masterpiece written from his notes taken at the Front, the novel won the Prix Femina the same year. Though capable of obtaining the Prix Goncourt, it was beaten by À l'ombre des jeunes filles en fleurs (fr) of Marcel Proust, 6 votes against 4. A member of the Académie Goncourt
Académie Goncourt
in 1929, he was elected president in 1954 until his death in 1973.[159] In 1926, the Amiens
Amiens
native Henri Deberly, won the Prix Goncourt
Prix Goncourt
with Le Supplice de Phèdre (fr), a novel inspired by his home city. Amiens
Amiens
and cinema[edit] Several films or scenes from films were shot in Amiens
Amiens
and its surroundings.[160]

1946: Jéricho by Henri Calef with Nadine Alari, Pierre Brasseur and Jacques Charon 1959: Head Against the Wall, film of Georges Franju, with Pierre Brasseur and Jean-Pierre Mocky 1970: The Clowns of Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
around the Cirque Jules-Verne (fr) 1973: La Rose de Fer
La Rose de Fer
of Jean Rollin
Jean Rollin
with Françoise Pascal, Hugues Quester and Nathalie Perrey 1976: La Saga des Français: La Rumeur, film of Michel Pamart and Marcel Trillat 1980: La femme enfant, film of Raphaële Billetdoux, with Klaus Kinski 1989: Roselyne et les lions of Jean-Jacques Beineix, with Isabelle Pasco filmed around Cirque Jules-Verne 1991: Walking a Tightrope of Nico Papatakis, with Michel Piccoli
Michel Piccoli
also filmed around Cirque Jules-Verne 1994: Sister My Sister
Sister My Sister
of Nancy Meckler with Julie Walters
Julie Walters
and Joely Richardson 1997: Arlette of Claude Zidi, with Josiane Balasko
Josiane Balasko
and Christopher Lambert 1999: Je suis né d'une cigogne, film of Tony Gatlif, with Romain Duris 2000: Elle et lui au 14e étage of Sophie Blondy (fr), with Guillaume Depardieu
Guillaume Depardieu
and Benoît Magimel[161][162] 2000: Confort moderne (fr) of Dominique Choisy (fr) 2002: Carnage of Delphine Gleize 2002: Paris
Paris
selon Moussa, film of Cheik Doukouré (fr) 2008: Paul Rondin est...Paul Rondin, short film of Frédéric Vin, with François Berland (fr) 2008: Blanche, short film of Eric Griffon du Bellay, with Romane Bohringer and Clémence Poésy 2008: Louise Hires a Contract Killer, film of Gustave Kervern
Gustave Kervern
and Benoît Delépine, with Yolande Moreau
Yolande Moreau
and Benoît Poelvoorde
Benoît Poelvoorde
filmed around the Tour Bleue (before its destruction), in the Étouvie quarter. 2008: Française, film of Souad El-Bouhati (fr), with Hafsia Herzi 2009: Ricky of François Ozon
François Ozon
with Alexandra Lamy 2010: Copacabana, film of Marc Fitoussi, with Isabelle Huppert 2012: Les Fraises des bois (fr), film of Dominique Choisy (fr) 2013: La Tête la première (fr), film of Amélie Van Elmbt

Amiens
Amiens
and comics[edit] Amiens
Amiens
is a stronghold of comics in France. A whole generation of designers and Amiens
Amiens
writers make the city an important creative centre of the 9th art. The main actors in this generation, include Régis Hautière (fr), Norédine Allam (fr) who notably led the recolouring of the 33 Asterix
Asterix
albums in the framework of the project "The great collection" and also Antoine Dodé (fr), David François (fr), Fraco, Hardoc (fr), Greg Blondin, Nicolas Hitori De, etc.[163] The city was also the birthplace or home of big names in the comic strip universe, such as the Amiens
Amiens
native Joseph Pinchon, creator of the character of Bécassine; Paul Gillon, winner of the Grand Prix de la ville d' Angoulême
Angoulême
and also Philippe Thirault (fr). Actor
Actor
of this dynamic around the BD, the association On a marché sur la bulle [Explorers on the bubble] organises the Rendez-vous de la bande dessinée d'Amiens (fr), one of the greatest French comic book festivals.[164] Active throughout the territory, the structure also manages a resource centre and has an editorial department with the Éditions de la Gouttière (fr). Regional culture[edit] Main articles: Picard language
Picard language
and [[:Literature in Picard (fr)]]

Chés Cabotans
Chés Cabotans
d'Anmien or the Cabotins of Amiens
Amiens
is a small Picardy traditional puppet theatre founded in 1933. Lafleur (fr), the hero, was created around 1811 at Saint-Leu (fr). He talks in Picard, exclusively. Traditionally a lackey costume (wearing a red velvet tricorne hat) dressed, Lafleur is cheerful, dynamic, independent and resourceful; its motto is: "bin mier, bin boere, pis did rin foere!" (Drink well, eat well and then do nothing). The Picard language
Picard language
is recognised regional language. It is spoken in France
France
in the Picardy
Picardy
and Nord-Pas-de- Calais
Calais
regions, and in Belgium in the Province of Hainaut. Various associations work for the promotion and development of Picardy
Picardy
culture expressed in theatre, song, in spoken tales but also in writing: Novels, journals, poetry, etc. Since 1993, the Conseil régional de Picardie (fr) has developed within the "Office Culturel Régional de Picardie" a cultural policy for the language and the Picardy
Picardy
culture. "The Agency for Picard", created in 2008, is headquartered in Amiens.[165] Picard is taught at the University of Amiens. The blasons populaires are surnames or the nicknames given to the inhabitants of cities and the Picardy
Picardy
villages. These surpitchets sometimes come from the history of the city, sometimes a verbal game, sometimes through a mockery of people. The nickname of the inhabitants of Amiens
Amiens
is: Chés Maqueus d'gueugues d'Anmien [ Amiens
Amiens
nut eaters] in reference to an episode of the Spanish invasion. On 11 March 1597, the Spanish armies developed a ploy to seize the city: The soldiers of Hernán Tello de Portocarrero, Governor of Doullens, disguised as peasants, came to the gates of the walls with nuts. The Amiens
Amiens
hungry then opened the doors and the Spaniards took the city.

Gastronomic specialities[edit] During December, the town hosts the largest Christmas market
Christmas market
in northern France.[166] Amiens, in the image of the Picardy
Picardy
region, has a rich gastronomic heritage.[167] Here are some of the specialities:[168] Amiens
Amiens
is known for a few local foods, including "macarons d'Amiens", small, round-shaped biscuit-type macaroons made from almond paste, fruit and honey, which were first recorded in 1855;[169] "tuiles amienoises" (fr), chocolate and orange curved "tuiles" or biscuits; Pâté de canard d'Amiens (fr) - duck pate in pastry, made since the 17th century;[170] and "la ficelle Picarde", an oven-baked cheese-topped crêpe with ham and mushroom filling,[166][171] then topped with fresh cream flavoured with nutmeg, white pepper, and sprinkled with grated cheese before being browned in the oven. The region is also known for "flamiche aux poireaux", a puff pastry tart made with leeks and cream.[172] Other dishes include:

The soup des hortillons: A spring soup which, as its name suggests, originated in the hortillonnages (fr) and their vegetable wealth. The bisteu or bigalan: Potatoes, onions and bacon pie. The Andouillette amiénoise (fr): Pork dumpling mixed with a panade and onions. Beignet d'Amiens (fr) so-called pets d'âne [donkey pets]: Small round doughnuts and fried fresh goat's cheese and beef marrow. The Gâteau battu (fr): Golden yellow brioche crumbs and with an aerated texture, it is rich in eggs and butter. The galopin: A French toast
French toast
made from brioche bread cooked like a big pancake. The Picardy
Picardy
rabotte: Apple wrapped and baked in a puff pastry. The Dariole of Amiens: A popular pastry from the 18th century, topped with a cream with almonds. Amiens
Amiens
barley sugar.

The Summer Rambo apple cultivar originated near Amiens
Amiens
in the 16th century. Personalities and athletes linked to the commune[edit] Personalities linked to the commune[edit]

Statue of Peter the Hermit
Peter the Hermit
by Gédéon de Forceville (fr), near to the cathedral.

Jean-Baptiste Gresset

Choderlos de Laclos

Jules Verne

Olivier Blanchard

Jean-Pierre Pernaut
Jean-Pierre Pernaut
and his wife

Laurent Delahousse
Laurent Delahousse
in 2013

Emmanuel Macron
Emmanuel Macron
in 2017

The minister Najat Vallaud-Belkacem
Najat Vallaud-Belkacem
in June 2012

Magnentius
Magnentius
(303-11 August 353), usurper of the imperial title 18 January 350 to 11 August 353 Ansgar
Ansgar
(8 September 801-3 February 865 at Bremen), known as Oscar or Ansgar, evangeliser of Scandinavia, Ansgar
Ansgar
is the patron saint of Denmark Peter the Hermit
Peter the Hermit
(?-1115), preacher of the First Crusade André d'Ypres (fr), (before 1428-1450), painter and illuminator; La Crucifixion du Parlement de Paris (fr) is attributed to him Simon Marmion
Simon Marmion
(1425-1489), painter and illuminator Michel de Vascosan (fr) (1500-1576), king's printer (fr) and the University of Paris, bookseller Jean Bullant (1515-1578), architect notably of the Château d'Écouen François Dubois
François Dubois
(1529-1584), painter Jean Riolan the Elder (fr) (1539-1605), physician, professor of anatomy and Dean of the Faculté de médecine de Paris (fr) François de Louvencourt (fr) (1569-1638), writer, poet and historian Nicolas Cornet (1592-1663), Catholic theologian who was one of the main opponents of Jansenism Vincent Voiture
Vincent Voiture
(1597-1648), known as « le bel esprit » [the beautiful spirit], poet of Un Précieux and academic Nicolas Blasset (fr) (1600-1659), sculptor Antoine de Cousu
Antoine de Cousu
(beginning of the 17th–1658), music theorist and composer of church music Charles du Fresne, sieur du Cange
Charles du Fresne, sieur du Cange
(1610-1688), historian and philologist Claude François, known in religion as Brother Luc, (1614-1685), painter Jacques Rohault
Jacques Rohault
(1618-1672), physician and proselyte of Mechanism Nicolas Barré
Nicolas Barré
(1621-1686), religious, beatified in 1999 by John Paul II[173] Charles Aubert de La Chesnaye, (1632-1702), businessman the richest and largest landowner of New France Charles Varlet known as La Grange, (1639-1692), comedian who belonged to Molière's company and was one of the most renowned Charles Cressent
Charles Cressent
(1685-1768), master cabinetmaker, main representative of Regency style Jean-Baptiste Dupuis (fr) (1698-1790), sculptor Jean-Baptiste Gresset
Jean-Baptiste Gresset
(1709-1777), poet (author of Vert-Vert (fr) and Le Méchant), member of the Académie française Jean-Baptiste Vaquette de Gribeauval
Jean-Baptiste Vaquette de Gribeauval
(1715-1789), officer and engineer who reformed the field artillery of the French army Père Féry (1716-1773), engineer of the château-d'eau Joseph Dinouart (1716-1786), preacher, polemicist, compiler of sacred sciences and apologist for French feminism Noël François de Wailly (1724-1801), grammarian Louis Antoine Vimeux (fr) (1737-1814), general of the Revolution and First Empire, Knight of the Royal order and military of Saint-Louis, Commander of the Légion d'honneur, hereditary baron, Governor of the Place de Luxembourg (from 1802 to 1814) Jacques-Firmin Vimeux (fr) (1740-1728), sculptor in the Cathedral of Amiens[174] Choderlos de Laclos (1741-1803), writer, author of Les Liaisons dangereuses Pierre Morand du Puch cadet (fr), (1742-1822), general of the armies of the Revolution, died in Amiens Jean-Baptiste Delambre
Jean-Baptiste Delambre
(1749-1822), author of the definition of the metre Charles Dallery (fr) (1754-1835), mechanical engineer, inventor of the steam engine to tubular boiler Jacques-Polycarpe Morgan (fr) (1759-1843), general of the armies of the Republic and the Empire, born in Amiens
Amiens
and died at Chamarande (Essonne) Charles Guillaume Alexandre Bourgeois
Bourgeois
(1759-1832), painter, engraver, physicist and chemist Pierre Amable Jean-Baptiste Trannoy (fr) (1772-1833), botanist, physician and hygienist François Marie Clément de La Roncière (fr) (1773-1854), general of the armies of the Republic and the Empire (name engraved under the Arc de Triomphe of the Star: 11th column) Pierre-François-Marie-Auguste Dejean
Pierre-François-Marie-Auguste Dejean
(1780-1847), general and entomologist François-Alexandre Desprez (fr) (1778-1833), general of the armies of the Republic and the Empire Aimé et Louis Duthoit (fr) sculptors of the 19th century who, among other things, helped the restoration of the cathedral alongside Eugène Viollet-le-Duc
Eugène Viollet-le-Duc
which qualified them for this "last image of the Middle Ages" Charles Alexandre (1797-1870), hellenist and lexicographer Gédéon de Forceville (fr) (1799-1886), sculptor Pierre Thuillier (fr), (1799-1859), landscape painter associated with the Barbizon school Alphonse Sagebien (1807-1892), engineer, inventor of a type of water wheel, alderman from 1878 to 1888 Édouard Paris (fr) (1814-1874), translator in Picard of the Gospel of Matthew Antoine Daveluy, (1818-1866), Catholic saint, missionary Bishop
Bishop
in Korea Jules Barni (fr) (1818-1878), philosopher and politician, Member of Parliament for the Somme Eugène Jolibois
Eugène Jolibois
(1819–1896), politician Pierre Puvis de Chavannes
Pierre Puvis de Chavannes
painter (1824-1898), idealistic murals (Panthéon, Sorbonne) Ferdinand Pouy (1824–1891), bibliographer died in Amiens Albert Dauphin (1827-1898), politician, Minister of Finance in the Government of René Goblet (fr) René Goblet (1828-1905), journalist and politician, head of the Government, President of the Council, Minister of) the Interior in the Second Government of Charles de Freycinet (fr), Minister for Foreign Affairs in the Government of Charles Floquet (fr) Jules Verne
Jules Verne
(1828-1905), city councillor from 1888 to his death, and before all a writer known to all; he rests in the Cemetery of La Madeleine (fr)[note 5] Charles Tellier
Charles Tellier
(1828-1913), inventor of artificial refrigeration Gédéon Baril (fr) (1832-1906), cartoonist Frédéric Petit (1836-1895), former Mayor of Amiens
Amiens
and former Third Republic Senator of the Somme Édouard Lucas
Édouard Lucas
(1842-1891), inventor of mathematical games and puzzles Édouard Branly
Édouard Branly
(1844-1940), physicist, inventor of the coherer, the first very sensitive detector of radio waves and physician. A high school as well as a lecture hall, one of the ESIEE, bear his name Victorine Autier (fr) (1840-1874), heroic nurse of the War of 1870 Paul Bourget
Paul Bourget
(1852-1935), writer and member of the Académie française Marie-Georges Picquart (fr) (1854-Amiens, 1914), general, Minister of War and French politician. He played a central role in the Dreyfus affair
Dreyfus affair
and provides evidence of the innocence of Alfred Dreyfus. Louis Thuillier (1856-1883) physicist and biologist, born and studied at Amiens, buried in the cemetery of La Madeleine Albert Roze (fr) (1861-1952), sculptor Eugène Cosserat (1866-1931) mathematician and astronomer Lucien Lecointe
Lucien Lecointe
(1867-1940), politician Victor Pauchet (fr) (1869-1936), surgeon; a clinic founded in 1896 and a square bear his name Victor-Ferdinand Bourgeois
Bourgeois
(1870-1957) [175] Joseph Pinchon (1871-1953), cartoonist, creator of Bécassine Charles Vérecque (fr) (1872-1933), journalist and writer Auguste Sérieyx (1865–1949), musicologist, composer Germaine Dulac
Germaine Dulac
(1882-1942), film director, film theorist Henri Deberly
Henri Deberly
(1882-1947), writer, winner of the Prix Goncourt
Prix Goncourt
in 1926 Clovis Brunel
Clovis Brunel
(1884-1971), philologist Roland Dorgelès
Roland Dorgelès
(1885-1973), writer Clovis Trouille (1889-1975), painter Alphonse Métérié (1887–1967), poet Jean Catelas
Jean Catelas
(1894-1941), member of Amiens
Amiens
in 1936, guillotined on 24 September 1941, under the regime of Philippe Pétain Alfred Georges Regner (1902-1987), painter, engraver Pierre Garet (fr) (1905-1972), politician Odette Hallowes
Odette Hallowes
(née Brailly) (1912-1995) GC, MBE, Chevalier de la légion d'honneur 1912–1995, Second World War Allied heroine Léon Lamotte (fr) (1912-2011), sculptor François Spoerry
François Spoerry
(1912-1999), architect, originally behind the construction of the tower created by Auguste Perret
Auguste Perret
in Amiens Dolorès Vanetti (1912-2008), actress, poet, lover of Jean-Paul Sartre born in Amiens Madeleine Michelis (fr) (1913-1944), French World War II resistant Maurice Boitel
Maurice Boitel
1919-2007, painter, lived at 65 Rue Richard de Fournival Jeanne Joulain
Jeanne Joulain
(1920–2010), classical organist Florien Decodavaine (1920-1942), painter hermit, resistant during the World War II Philippe Pinchemel (1923-2008), geographer, winner of the Vautrin Lud Prize (equivalent of the Nobel Prize for geography) Roger Agache
Roger Agache
(1926-2011), archaeologist, pioneer of aerial archaeology Pal Benko
Pal Benko
(1928-), chess grandmaster Pierre Garnier (fr), (1928-2014), poet, creator of spatialism (fr) Véronique Silver
Véronique Silver
(1931-2010), actress Michou (1931-), director of the Cabaret Michou in Paris Jacques Darras (fr) (1939-), poet, essayist and translator Sylvain Cambreling (1948-), conductor Olivier Blanchard
Olivier Blanchard
(1949-), Chief Economist
Economist
at the International Monetary Fund, Professor at the MIT Philippe Dessaint (fr) (1953-), journalist, former director of FR3 Picardie Jean-Pierre Pernaut
Jean-Pierre Pernaut
(1950-), journalist, television host Bernard Devauchelle (1950-), professor of medicine Geneviève Fioraso
Geneviève Fioraso
(1954-), Minister of Higher Education and Research in the Jean-Marc Ayrault Governments I and II, Secretary of State responsible for Higher Education and Research in the First and Second Valls Government Ivar Ch'Vavar (fr) (1951-), creative poet of the L'Invention de la Picardie Éric Carreel (1959-), engineer and entrepreneur Freddy Mini (1960-), CEO of Netvibes Christophe Tison (fr) (1961-), journalist and writer Catherine Sauval (fr) (1962-), comedian, Sociétaire of the Comédie-Française Christine François (fr) (1962-), director Frank Berton (fr) (1962-), lawyer (particularly in the Outreau trial, the case of Florence Cassez, and the case of the Carlton Lille (fr)) Liêm Hoang Ngoc
Liêm Hoang Ngoc
(1964-), economist and politician Anne Brochet
Anne Brochet
(1966-), actress, winner of the César Award for Best Supporting Actress in 1992 Jean-Michel Dhuez (fr) radio journalist Christophe Léotard (1966-), grandmaster of chess, correspondence chess world champion Jeanne Savary (fr) (1966-), comedian. Known for her roles on television (Camera Café, Nestor Burma (fr), En famille (fr), etc.) Philippe Vasseur (fr) (1966-), actor in Hélène et les Garçons, Le Miracle de l'amour (fr), Les Vacances de l'amour, he played the role of José Pierre Notte (fr) (1969-), playwright, Director and former Secretary general of the Comédie-Française Éric Berger (1969-), actor, famous for his roles as Tanguy in the film of the same name Laurent Delahousse
Laurent Delahousse
(1969-), journalist and television presenter, grew up in Amiens Albin de la Simone (1970-), musician, singer-songwriter Lionel Olenga (fr) (1972-), screenwriter for television and film Mathieu Delahousse (fr) (1973-), journalist and reporter Antoine Gavory (fr) (1975-), writer and journalist Emmanuel Macron
Emmanuel Macron
(1977-), President of France Najat Vallaud-Belkacem
Najat Vallaud-Belkacem
(1977-), Minister of Women's Affairs and spokesperson for the Government[176] in the Government of Jean-Marc Ayrault; grew up in Amiens[177] and is a graduate of the University of Picardie Disiz (1978-), rapper, writer and actor Raphaël Poulain (1980-), actor and former professional Rugby Union player Julien Benedetto (1981-), television reporter on France
France
2 François-Henri Désérable
François-Henri Désérable
(1987-), writer and professional ice hockey player Olympe (1989-), singer Théo Gosselin (1990-), photographer

Sportspeople linked to the commune[edit]

Pierre Baruzy (fr), (1897-1994), boxer and Savate
Savate
coach; between 1922 and 1935, he was crowned 11 times as middleweight champion of France Urbain Wallet, (1899-1973), footballer, played in team of France Robert Marchand, (1911-), world record holder of the fastest centenarian cycling 100 km Alfred Letourneur, (1907-1975), racing cyclist, world speed record holder of bicycle on flat ground and behind shelter Georges Vallerey, (1927-1954), swimmer of backstroke events, freestyle; 3×100m triple medley world record holder in 1946, bronze medal in 100m backstroke at the 1948 Summer Olympics
1948 Summer Olympics
in London Jacky Braun (fr), (1928-), football coach and player Gisèle Vallerey, (1930-2010), swimmer; holder of the world record in the 100m butterfly in 1950 Bernard Quennehen, (1930-), cyclist, he won a stage of the Tour de France
France
1953 Michel Macquet, (1932-2002), javelin athlete, 10 times France
France
champion and finalist in the Olympic Games of 1956 Jean-Luc Van Den Heede, (1945-), sailor, sailing single-handed world record holder Pierre Mankowski, (1951-), former player and current football coach. Selector of the France
France
national under-20 football team, world champions in 2013 Daniel Senet, (1953-), weightlifter, silver medal for the sub-67.5 kg (149 lb) category at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal Chantal Langlacé, (1955-), long-distance runner, former holder of the world record for the marathon Antoine Richer (fr), (1961-), ice hockey player, entered the Hall of Fame of French hockey François Farout (fr), (1963-), player of table tennis, triple champion of France (fr) and European champion by team in 1984 Cathy Fleury, (1966-), judoka, 1989 world champion and 1992 Olympic Champion in the sub-61 kg (134 lb) category; head of the "pôle Espoirs" of Amiens
Amiens
from 1998 to 2005 Étienne Thobois (fr), (1967-), player of badminton, member of the team of France
France
from 1987 to 1996, former French No.1 and member of the European 'top 12' Gérald Baticle, (1969-), football manager and former player Nicolas Chatelain (fr), (1970-), player of table tennis, champion of Europe
Europe
by team in 1994 and 1998 Philippe Gaumont, (1973–2013), cyclist Marie Collonvillé, (1973-), heptathlete Éric Chaulvet, (1974-), basketball player Franck Perque, (1974-), cyclist, double world track cycling champion Mélanie Briche (fr), (1975-), footballer, played in team of France Amélie Cocheteux, (1978-), from 1993 to 2001 professional tennis player Mathieu Mille (fr), (1981-), hockey player, played in team of France Julie Coin, (1982-), professional tennis player Sabrina Reghaïssia (fr), (1983-), basketball player, played in team of France Cédric Ouattara, (1983-), footballer Yannick Salem, (1983-), footballer Kévin Hecquefeuille, (1984-), hockey player, played in team of France Lucie Louette (fr), (1985-), judoka, 2013 champion of Europe
Europe
in the under 78 kg (172 lb) category Thomas Roussel, (1985-), hockey player, played in team of France Brian Henderson, (1986-), hockey player, played in team of France Morgane Ribout (fr), (1988-), judoka, 2009 champion of the world in the under 57 kg (126 lb) category, trained in part at the "pôle Espoirs" of Amiens Caroline Loir, (1988-), canoeist, double champion of Europe's canoe single-seater, bronze medallist at the World Championships Pierre Soudry (fr), (1988-), handball player Loïc Korval, (1988-), judoka, 2014 champion of Europe, the World Championships bronze medallist in the category of less than 66 kg (146 lb), trained in part at the "pôle Espoirs" of Amiens Pénélope Bonna (fr), (1988-), judoka, 2011 champion of Europe in the under 52 kg (115 lb) category, trained in part at the "pôle Espoirs" of Amiens Jérémy Stravius, (1988-), swimmer of backstroke, freestyle and butterfly events; triple world champion and Olympic swimming champion ( London
London
2012) Greg Houla, (1988-), footballer Yohan M'Vila, (1988-), footballer Landry Matondo (tr), (1988-), footballer Dorian N'Goma, (1988-), born in Amiens,[178] footballer Grégory Beron (fr), (1989-), hockey player, played in team of France Princesse Goubo, (1991-), professional basketball player Yann M'Vila, (1990-), footballer, played in team of France Rudy Gobert, (1992-), basketball player, member of the team of France and NBA player, trained in part at the "pôle Espoirs" of Amiens Clément Chevrier, (1992-), cyclist Mélanie Henique, (1992), butterfly swimmer Corentin Ermenault, (1996-), cyclist

Other personalities linked to the city[edit]

Saint
Saint
Martin, Roman soldier, shared his coat with a beggar in Amiens in a gesture which has been remembered Saint
Saint
Honoré, Bishop
Bishop
of Amiens
Amiens
and Patron Saint
Saint
of bakers Lafleur, hero and main character of puppet Amiens
Amiens
"Chés cabotans". Jean-Marie Roland de La Platière (1734-1793), Economist
Economist
and statesman, lived in Amiens
Amiens
and was Inspector of factories in the city Antoine Parmentier, (1737-1813), military pharmacist, agronomist, nutritionist and hygienist. Member of the Academy of sciences of Amiens,[179] he popularized the consumption of potatoes Jacques Delille
Jacques Delille
or Abbé Delille, (1738-1813), poet and translator, a member of the French Academy, was a professor at the college of Amiens Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
(1744-1829), naturalist who laid the foundations of the theory of the evolution of species Jean-Baptiste Cousin de Grainville, (1746-1805), philosopher, poet, priest in Amiens
Amiens
and pioneer of fantasy literature Madame Roland
Madame Roland
(1754-1793), figure of the French Revolution, face of the Girondist
Girondist
party, lived in Amiens Marguerite Georges, (1787-1867), famous actress, lived at Amiens
Amiens
and began her career there Bishop
Bishop
Jacquenet (fr), (1816-1892), Bishop
Bishop
of Amiens Antoine Louis de Romance (fr), (1819-1881), Counsellor at the Court of Appeal of Amiens (fr) Camille Léon de Chassepot de Beaumont (fr), (1808-1893), colonel in the National Guard who, under his command, distinguished himself on 17 November 1870[180] Jules Lefebvre, (1836-1911), painter, student of the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts of Amiens[181] Athanase Fossé (fr), (1851-1923), sculptor, student of the École des beaux-arts of Amiens Jón Sveinsson (nicknamed "Nonni"), (1857-1944), Icelandic priest and author of popular children's books, studied and did his novitiate in Amiens Auguste Perret, (1874-1954), architect, creator of the Tour Perret Jean Moulin
Jean Moulin
(1899-1943), prefect and resistant, was Secretary general of the prefecture of Somme Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque
Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque
(1902-1947), Marshal of France, began his studies at the college of the Providence[182] Alfred Manessier, (1911-1993), painter, pupil of the École des beaux-arts of Amiens Robert Mallet (fr), (1915-2002), civil servant, writer and man of French radio, founder and Rector of the Academy of Amiens (fr) Jacques Le Goff, (1924-2014), medievalist historian, he taught at the Lycée Louis-Thuillier (fr) Alain Bombard, (1924-2005), medical biologist and navigator, lived in Amiens
Amiens
for twenty years André Crépin (1928-2013), essayist, linguist and medievalist, Member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, lived in Amiens Gilbert Richard (fr), (1928-), television producer and host on the first television channel (1960-1992) Vladimir Volkoff, (1932-2005), writer, lived in Amiens Stéphane Le Foll, (1960-), politician, Minister of agriculture in Jean-Marc Ayrault I and II, Manuel Valls I and II Governments, graduated from the agricultural college of Amiens
Amiens
Le Paraclet Catherine Matausch (fr), (1960-), journalist, presented the regional journal on France
France
3 Picardie Grégoire Delacourt, (1960-), writer, had part of his studies at the school of Providence in Amiens Thierry Adam (fr), (1967-), sports journalist, resides in Amiens Frédéric Cuvillier, (1968-), politician, Deputy Minister of transport and maritime economy in Jean-Marc Ayrault I and II, Manuel Valls I Governments, graduated in law at the University of Picardy Pascale Boistard, (1971-), politician, Secretary of State for the rights of women in the Second Valls Government, Member of Parliament for Somme's 1st constituency
Somme's 1st constituency
(Northern Amiens) Benjamin Biolay, (1973-), singer-songwriter and singer, lived in Amiens[183] Miss Kittin
Miss Kittin
(Caroline Hervé), (1973-), DJ star of the electro scene, studied at the school of art and design of Amiens (fr) Fabrice Éboué (fr), (1977-), comedian and actor, has made part of his studies at the school of Providence in Amiens Élodie Gossuin-Lacherie, (1980-), television presenter, radio host, Miss France
France
and Miss Europe
Europe
2001, registered at the Picardy
Picardy
regional Council (fr) since 2004.[184] Nicolas Duvauchelle, (1980-), actor and model, has lived in Amiens.[185] Édouard Louis, (1992-), writer and academic, studied at the Lycée Madeleine Michelis and the University of Picardy

Heraldry, logo and motto[edit]

The arms of Amiens
Amiens
are blazoned : "Of gules to ivy of argent, the chief azure sown of fleurs-de-lis Or."

Motto: "Liliis tenaci vimine jungor",[186] which means 'a strong bond unites the lilies'.

Amiens, a fortress city, suffered attacks and resisted, staying French. Its coat of arms symbolise this attachment to France, commitment symbolised by ivy, the France
France
being symbolised by the seedlings of fleurs-de-lis authorised by the Kings of France.[187]

In the full arms of the city, holding and support are two unicorns, support is of acanthus leaves, while the crest is a castle keep of five parts. The two figures emblazoned in the arms of Amiens
Amiens
are lily and ivy, which today still decorate the city logo. The unicorn is a symbol of the knightly virtues of purity and attraction to beauty and delicacy. Even today, the unicorn makes a number of references in the city: The eponymous stadium, the coat of arms of the Amiens
Amiens
football team as well as the award of the Amiens
Amiens
International Film Festival.[188]

Logo of the city of Amiens

In 1991, the municipality formed around Gilles de Robien
Gilles de Robien
designed a new logo, incorporating the Fleur-de-lis and the Ivy leaf present on the coat of arms, placed side by side in red with a background of grey or white, depending on usage.

A stamp representing the arms of the city was issued in 1962, this issue fitted into one of the Arms of cities. Its power of postage was five cents. It was issued on 23 January 1962 and withdrawn from sale on 23 January 1977. A first day was arranged in Amiens
Amiens
on 21 July 1962. It was designed by Robert Louis (fr). Artist Arman
Arman
made a board collage of this stamp.[189]

See also[edit]

Culture

Académie des sciences, des lettres et des arts d'Amiens (fr) Bibliothèques d' Amiens
Amiens
Métropole (fr) Centre international Jules Verne (fr) Cirque Jules-Verne (fr) Amiens
Amiens
International Film Festival Lafleur et les Théâtres Amiénois de Cabotins La Lune des Pirates (fr) Maison de Jules Verne (fr) Maison de la culture d'Amiens (fr) Musée de l'Hôtel de Berny (fr) Musée de Picardie Rendez-vous de la bande dessinée d'Amiens (fr) Zénith d'Amiens (fr)

Economy

Chambre de commerce et d'industrie d'Amiens (fr) Devred 1902 (fr) Gueudet Velours
Velours
d'Utrecht (fr) Yvert et Tellier

Education

Académie d'Amiens (fr) Conservatoire à rayonnement régional d'Amiens (fr) École supérieure d'art et de design d'Amiens (fr) École supérieure de commerce d'Amiens (fr) ESIEE
ESIEE
Amiens University of Picardie (or University of Picardie Jules-Verne, UPJV)

History

Acheulean Ambiani Anciens maïeurs d'Amiens (fr) Battle of Amiens
Amiens
(1870) Battle of Amiens
Amiens
(1358) (fr) Battle of Amiens
Amiens
(1918) Battle of Amiens
Amiens
(1940) (fr) Charter of Amiens Roman Catholic Diocese of Amiens Mise of Amiens History of Amiens List of counts of Amiens (fr) List of bishops of Amiens (fr) List of vidames of Amiens (fr) Operation Jericho Treaty of Amiens Samarobriva (fr) Sayetterie (fr) Siege of Amiens
Amiens
(1597) Treaty of Amiens
Treaty of Amiens
(1279) (fr) Treaty of Amiens
Treaty of Amiens
(1423)

Parks and gardens

Bois Bonvallet (fr) Cimetière de La Madeleine (Amiens) (fr) Cimetière Saint-Acheul (fr) Clos Alexandre (Amiens) (fr) Hortillonnages d'Amiens (fr) Archaeological garden of Saint-Acheul (fr) Jardin des plantes d'Amiens (fr) List of memorials and military cemeteries of Somme (fr) Parc de l'Evéché d'Amiens (fr) Parc de la Hotoie (fr) Parc du château de Montières (fr) Parc du Grand Marais d'Amiens (fr) Parc Jean-Rostand (fr) Parc Saint-Pierre (Amiens) (fr) Square Saint-Denis d'Amiens (fr) Zoo d'Amiens (fr)

Architectural heritage

Beffroi d'Amiens (fr) Amiens
Amiens
Cathedral Château de Montières (fr) Citadelle d'Amiens (fr) Église Saint-Germain-l'Écossais d'Amiens (fr) Église Saint-Leu d'Amiens (fr) Église Saint-Rémi d'Amiens (fr) Église Sainte-Anne d'Amiens (fr) Hôtel particulier Bouctôt Vagniez (fr) List of historic monuments in Amiens (fr) Moulin Passe-Avant (fr) Tour Perret

Politics and administration

Urban area of Amiens (fr) Arrondissement of Amiens Communauté d'agglomération Amiens
Amiens
Métropole Communes of the Somme department List of former communes of Somme (fr) Somme Picardy

Sport

Amiens
Amiens
SC Amiens
Amiens
AC Amiens
Amiens
Métropole Natation (fr) Coliséum Hockey Club Amiens
Amiens
Somme Spartiates d'Amiens (fr) Stade de la Licorne

Transport

Amiens
Amiens
Glisy
Glisy
Aerodrome Ametis (fr) (bus network) Gare d'Amiens Gare Saint-Roch LGV Paris
Paris
- London
London
via Amiens Roissy–Picardie Link Rocade d'Amiens (fr) Tramway of Amiens (fr) Former tramway of Amiens (fr) Public transport in Amiens (fr) Trolleybus
Trolleybus
of Amiens (fr) Vélam (fr) (bike sharing system)

Notes[edit]

^ Work had also been delayed, because some people wanted to "preserve the cathedral", the situation was exceptional. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the terms of census have been amended by Act No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, called "grassroots democracy law" on the democracy of proximity and in particular Title V "of census operations", in order, after a power transition period from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with populations greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is carried out annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is included at the end of the same period of five years. The first post-legal population from 1999, and fitting in the new system which came into force on 1 January 2009, is the census of 2006. ^ In the census table, by convention, the principle was retained for subsequent legal populations since 1999 not to display the census populations in the table corresponding to the year 2006, the first published legal population calculated according to the concepts defined in Decree No. 2003-485 of 5 June 2003, and the years corresponding to an exhaustive census survey for municipalities with less than 10,000 inhabitants, and the years 2006, 2011, 2016, etc. For municipalities with more than 10,000, the latest legal population is published by INSEE for all municipalities. ^ The concentration of employment indicator equals the number of jobs in the area per 100 people in active employment residing in the area, according to the Insee definition. ^ He lived for 18 years in a mansion located in Henriville, which includes an observatory atop a tower. His house, now classified as an Historical Monument, was acquired by the city of Amiens
Amiens
in 1980. Reopened on 24 March 2006 after a year of work, the Jules Verne
Jules Verne
House is a museum. The University of Picardie is called "Jules Verne". A viaduct east of the city and a lecture hall of ESIEE
ESIEE
also bear his name.

References[edit] INSEE[edit]

^ LOG T1M - Évolution du nombre de logements par catégorie ^ LOG T2 - Catégories et types de logements ^ LOG T7 - Résidences principales selon le statut d'occupation ^ POP T3 - Population par sexe et âge en 2009. ^ REV T1 - Impôts sur le revenu des foyers fiscaux. ^ EMP T1 - Population de 15 à 64 ans par type d'activité. ^ EMP T5 - Emploi et activité. ^ CEN T1 - Active establishments by sector of activity on 31 December 2010. ^ DEN T1 - Créations d'entreprises par secteur d'activité en 2011. ^ DEN T2 - Créations d'entreprises individuelles par secteur d'activité en 2011.

File
File
relating to the commune, "Évolution et structure de la population" [Evolution and structure of the population] (PDF) (in French). 

Other references[edit]

^ "Répertoire géographique des communes 2012". Institut géographique national. Retrieved 1 June 2015.  ^ Tissot, Nathalie (20 February 2015). "SNCF : quels sont les chantiers prévus en Picardie en 2015 ?". France
France
3 Picardie.  ^ a b c d e "PDU - Plan de déplacements urbains - Amiens
Amiens
Métropole - 2013-2023". amiens.fr. 19 December 2013. Archived from the original on 23 May 2014.  ^ Trentesaux, Jacques (16 October 2008). "Le difficile pari de Demailly". L'Express.  ^ Richard, Delphine (9 March 2009). "Le stationnement en huit questions". Le Courrier picard. Archived from the original on 2 June 2015.  ^ "Stationnement résidentiel". amiens.fr. 21 August 2014.  ^ Jean-Marie Fouré, Amiens, du tram au bus, édition du Moulin-Alidor. ^ "Le TCSP, atout majeur de qualité de vie et d'attractivité pour Amiens
Amiens
Métropole". amiens.fr. Archived from the original on 29 July 2012.  ^ "ALe tramway amiénois toujours au cœur des débats". Le Courrier picard. 8 April 2014. Archived from the original on 11 April 2014.  ^ " Amiens
Amiens
(80): "Aucune forme de tram pendant mon mandat" selon Brigitte Fouré". picardie.france3.fr. 11 April 2014.  ^ "AMIENS Pas de tramway durant le mandat de Brigitte Fouré
Brigitte Fouré
selon un tweet". courrier-picard.fr. 11 April 2014. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015.  ^ Richard, Delphine (28 December 2014). "AMIENS Tant d'études pour rester à quai". courrier-picard.fr. Archived from the original on 4 January 2015.  ^ Thiébault, Estelle (19 December 2014). "AMIENS Le bus à haut niveau de service avance". courrier-picard.fr. Archived from the original on 25 December 2014.  ^ a b Benoit Delespierre, Longueau, l'autre gare d'Amiens, Courrier picard, 11 avril 2013. ^ This expression, which dates from before 2004, is due to a Socialist politician from the Haute-Vienne, Jacques Santrot (fr), the expression which was then adopted by a geographer, Jean-François Troin, which also cited the TGV
TGV
stations of Vendôme, Mâcon, and Le Creusot. "Analyse de l'impact du TGV-Est sur les agglomérations de Metz, Nancy, Épinal
Épinal
et Thionville" (PDF). 16 November 2004. p. 33. rapport de phase 2, I.S.I.S. Ingénierie.  ^ " TGV
TGV
Picardie-Roissy: le ministre des Transports valide le projet". Le Courrier picard. 1 May 2013. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015.  ^ "Amiens, Un écoquartier en projet à Montières". Le Moniteur (5510). 3 July 2009. E.G.  ^ Gaetner, Gilles (20 September 2012). "La guerre d' Amiens
Amiens
a bien eu lieu". Valeurs actuelles. Archived from the original on 30 June 2013.  ^ Boulnois, Alain (2008). "L'Amiénoise". le site du centre régional de documentation pédagogique de l’académie d’Amiens.  ^ "Le projet métropolitain Amiens
Amiens
2030". amiens.fr. Archived from the original on 3 September 2014.  ^ " Amiens
Amiens
Gare La Vallée". projet Gare-la-Vallée. Archived from the original on 16 June 2012.  ^ Boudard, Alexandre (5 October 2014). " Construction
Construction
de logements revue à la baisse à la ZAC Intercampus d'Amiens". Le Courrier picard. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015.  ^ "ZAC Intercampus sur le site d' Amiens
Amiens
Aménagement".  ^ "ZAC Paul Claudel sur le site d' Amiens
Amiens
Aménagement".  ^ "ZAC Renancourt". Amiens
Amiens
Aménagement.  ^ Fouquet, Jean-Christophe (11 February 2015). "Transport : le BHNS, cerise sur le gâteau des Assises". amiens.fr.  ^ Chaurand, Jacques; Lebègue, Maurice (1990). Noms de lieux de Picardie. Condé-sur-Noireau: Bonneton. p. 35. ISBN 978-2-86253-265-3.  ^ "L2121-2". legifrance.gouv.fr.  ^ "Liste des élus au conseil municipal d'Amiens".  ^ "Résultats municipales 2014: Amiens
Amiens
rebascule une nouvelle fois". Huffington Post. 30 March 2014.  ^ Code de la sécurité sociale (fr), art. R. 143-16, issued with the décret (fr) no.2003-614 of 3 July 2003. ^ a b c "Atlas français de la coopération décentralisée et des autres actions extérieures". Ministère des Affaires étrangères. Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013.  ^ a b "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr District" (PDF). Twins2010.com. 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 November 2009. Retrieved 28 October 2009.  ^ Cazé, Candice (April 2012). "Un pont entre deux cultures. Jumelage Amiens-Dortmund" (PDF). Amiens
Amiens
Forum n°30. Retrieved 24 April 2013.  ^ "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2013.  ^ "Villes jumelles". Communauté d'agglomération. Retrieved 12 November 2013.  ^ " Amiens
Amiens
et Mianyang
Mianyang
renouent leurs relations". amiens.fr. Retrieved 25 October 2014.  ^ "Nom des habitants des communes françaises". habitants.fr of Lionel Delvarre.  ^ "Amiens". EHESS. Retrieved 26 May 2015.  ^ "80021- Amiens
Amiens
2006" [80021- Amiens
Amiens
2006] (in French). Retrieved 26 May 2015. , "80021- Amiens
Amiens
2011" [80021- Amiens
Amiens
2011] (in French). Retrieved 26 May 2015.  and "80021- Amiens
Amiens
2012" [80021-Amiens 2012] (in French). Retrieved 26 May 2015.  ^ "Évolution et structure de la population" (PDF). INSEE.  ^ "Académie d'Amiens".  ^ "Écoles". amiens.fr. Archived from the original on 10 February 2014. Retrieved 16 February 2014.  ^ "Vie étudiante". Ville d’Amiens. Archived from the original on 30 March 2013. Retrieved 31 March 2013.  ^ "Etudier et vivre à Amiens". Amiens
Amiens
forum n°43. July 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013. [permanent dead link] ^ "Quel accès pour notre hôpital ?" (PDF). Amiens
Amiens
Forum. February 2012. Retrieved 16 May 2013.  ^ Voisin, Lysiane. "Des soins au plus près des habitants". JDA (140). Retrieved 9 December 2014.  ^ "Le CHU d' Amiens
Amiens
bien noté dans le classement des hôpitaux du " Point "". Le Courrier picard. 27 August 2013. Archived from the original on 12 November 2013. Retrieved 27 August 2013.  ^ Gorman, Christine (4 December 2005). "Medicine: A Transplant First". Time. Retrieved 7 April 2013.  ^ "Liste des clubs". osam.fr. Office des Sports d' Amiens
Amiens
Métropole. Retrieved 5 May 2014.  ^ "Liste des autres clubs d' Amiens
Amiens
Métropole". osam.fr. Office des Sports d' Amiens
Amiens
Métropole. Retrieved 5 May 2014.  ^ "AUC Badminton : Convivialité et formation !". gazettesports.fr. 3 March 2014. Retrieved 4 March 2014.  ^ "Bienvenue au golf club d'Amiens". golfamiens.fr. Retrieved 10 July 2013.  ^ Châble, Maxence (28 January 2012). "Connaissez-vous les écureuils d'Amiens". culturesport.info. Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 13 April 2013.  ^ "Les bons résultats de l'aviron amiénois". Le Courrier picard. 20 January 2014. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 20 January 2014.  ^ Pujebet, Béatrice (7 March 2013). "Des club-houses très huppés". Le Point. Retrieved 7 March 2013.  ^ "Le Courrier Picard". OJD.  ^ "Le Télescope d'Amiens". Le Télescope d'Amiens.  ^ a b c d "Le JDA 743 est en ligne". amiens.fr. 15 January 2015.  ^ "Notre présence". CityPlay. Archived from the original on 19 September 2014.  ^ " France
France
CitéVision choisit la solution d'accès optique GPON d'Alcatel-Lucent". Alcatel-Lucent.  ^ "On va surfer dix fois plus vite". Le Courrier picard. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015.  ^ "L'ADSL à Amiens". Ariase.  ^ "Inventaire général du patrimoine culturel". Retrieved 15 June 2015.  ^ The Muslim Directory - Directory of products and services to Francophone Muslims ( France
France
and Belgium) "L'Annuaire musulman".  ^ "Fichier RFDM2010COM : Revenus fiscaux localisés des ménages - Année 2010". Insee.  ^ "Goodyear Amiens : la restructuration se durcit". Le Figaro. 18 March 2009.  ^ Insee, Picardie : diagnostic et perspectives, chapitre Dynamiques économiques, p.36, 2006. ^ "Architecture". Merimee. Retrieved 9 June 2015.  ^ "Architecture". Merimee. Retrieved 9 June 2015.  ^ "Mobilier". Palissy. Retrieved 9 June 2015.  ^ "Mobilier". Palissy. Retrieved 9 June 2015.  ^ "Amiens, la cathédrale en couleurs". France
France
Télévisions. 18 June 2011. Retrieved 6 May 2013.  ^ "Cathédrale Notre-Dame d'Amiens". Guide du routard. Retrieved 6 May 2013.  ^ Unlike most cathedrals in France, Notre Dame Amiens
Amiens
has substantially retained all of its original statues and ornaments, which even today allows one to admire some of the colours used in Middle Ages. ^ "Architecture". Merimee. Retrieved 9 June 2015.  ^ "Inventaire général du patrimoine culturel". Retrieved 16 June 2015.  ^ Jules Verne, extrait du "discours d'inauguration".  du 23 juin 1889. ^ "The Cirque Jules Verne
Jules Verne
Website". Cirquejulesverne.com. Retrieved 1 March 2013.  ^ "Architecture". Merimee. Retrieved 9 June 2015.  ^ Lessard, Jacques (10 April 2007). "THEATRE GALLO-ROMAIN". Archived from the original on 3 September 2014. Retrieved 30 August 2014.  ^ "Architecture". Merimee. Retrieved 9 June 2015.  ^ Le logis du Roy ^ "Inventaire général du patrimoine culturel". Retrieved 16 June 2015.  ^ "Monuments historiques". Retrieved 16 June 2015.  ^ "Le Palais de Justice".  ^ "Monuments historiques". Retrieved 16 June 2015.  ^ Hélène Rochette, Maisons d'écrivains et d'artistes. Paris
Paris
et ses alentours, pp.258-263, Parigramme, Paris, 2004 ISBN 978-2-84096-227-4. ^ "Somme Tourism Website (in French)" (in French). Somme-tourisme.com. Retrieved 2013-03-01.  ^ Madeleine Cemetery in the French (in French) ^ "Inventaire général du patrimoine culturel". Retrieved 16 June 2015.  ^ "Inventaire général du patrimoine culturel". Retrieved 16 June 2015.  ^ "Monuments historiques". Retrieved 15 June 2015.  ^ "Inventaire général du patrimoine culturel". Retrieved 15 June 2015.  ^ "Inventaire général du patrimoine culturel". Retrieved 15 June 2015.  ^ Barbedor, Isabelle; Mette, Nathalie (1996). "Amiens, faubourg de Beauvais, rue Dom-Bouquet : église paroissiale Saint-Honoré". inventaire.picardie.fr/. Archived from the original on 9 July 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2011.  ^ "Inventaire général du patrimoine culturel ; Label XXe". Retrieved 15 June 2015.  ^ " Amiens
Amiens
La verrière : Une réalisation qui fait toujours débat".  ^ "Bernard Pictet avec Claude Vasconi, la verrière de la gare d'Amiens". Archived from the original on 11 November 2013.  ^ "Amiens, Ville fleurie". amiens.fr. Retrieved 10 July 2013.  ^ "Une 4ème fleur pour Amiens". amiens.fr. 17 October 2013. Archived from the original on 17 October 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2013.  ^ Bescond, Stéphanie (14 October 2014). "Parcs et jardins : Au fil des saisons". JDA n°733. Retrieved 14 October 2014.  ^ "Les arbres - Inventaire". amiens.fr. Retrieved 10 July 2013. [permanent dead link] ^ Bouleau, Claire (19 February 2014). "Environnement: vivez-vous dans l'une des 10 villes les plus vertes de France ?". Challenges. Retrieved 6 March 2014.  ^ "Projet Métropolitain – Bilan de la deuxième phase". amiens.fr. Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 10 July 2013.  ^ "The Visit Amiens
Amiens
Website" (in French). Visit-amiens.com. Retrieved 2013-03-01.  ^ "Zoo Amiens
Amiens
Métropole" (PDF). Communauté d'agglomération Amiens Métropole. 5 April 2013. Retrieved 6 April 2013.  ^ "Le zoo rouvre le 1er février pour une saison pleine de surprises !". Communauté d'agglomération Amiens
Amiens
Métropole. 27 January 2015. Retrieved 8 February 2015.  ^ "Prix du paysage 2005".  ^ "Amiens, ville fleurie". amiens.fr.  ^ Lemaire, Ingrid (July 2012). "Auprès de mon arbre". Amiens
Amiens
Forum (33).  ^ Collectif, «  Amiens
Amiens
Ville d’Art et d’Histoire – le guide ». « Musée de Picardie », éditions du patrimoine, centre des monuments nationaux, 2007, pp.116-121. ^ Berlemont, Henri; Pellay, Maryvonne (28 January 2013). "Naissance du musée de Picardie, le " Petit Louvre " amiénois". encyclopedie.picardie.fr. Archived from the original on 1 July 2013. Retrieved 2 May 2013.  ^ "Musée de Picardie". Ville d’Amiens. Archived from the original on 23 January 2013. Retrieved 17 February 2013.  ^ "Architecture". Merimee. Retrieved 9 June 2015.  ^ "Le Musée de l'Hôtel de Berny". Ville d’Amiens. Archived from the original on 23 January 2013. Retrieved 17 February 2013.  ^ "Top 50 Authors of All Time". Index Translationum. Unesco. Retrieved 17 February 2013.  ^ "Maison de Jules Verne". Office de tourisme d’Amiens. Retrieved 17 February 2013.  ^ "La Maison de Jules Verne". Centre international Jules Verne. Archived from the original on 23 October 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2013.  ^ "FRAC Picardie". Evene.fr. Retrieved 17 February 2013.  ^ Thiébault, Estelle (2 May 2013). "Le dessin, l'art du trait et de la ligne". Courrier picard. Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 4 May 2013.  ^ "FRAC Picardie, un projet de développement". Frac Picardie. Retrieved 17 February 2013.  ^ Brazeau, Mathilde (30 November 2004). "Pas de Louvre II en Picardie". Le Parisien. Retrieved 31 January 2014.  ^ "Présentation : Amiens
Amiens
Métropole". zenith-amiens.fr. Retrieved 25 January 2014.  ^ "Comment se rendre au Zénith Amiens
Amiens
Métropole ?". zenith-amiens.fr. Retrieved 25 January 2014.  ^ "Mégacité, un espace performant". megacite.fr. Retrieved 25 January 2014.  ^ "Maison du Théâtre". amiens.fr. Archived from the original on 10 February 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2014.  ^ "Chés Cabotans, marionnettes à fil". somme-tourisme.com. Retrieved 25 January 2014.  ^ " Amiens
Amiens
inaugure son nouveau café-théâtre : la Boîte à Rire". France
France
Télévisions. 21 September 2012. Retrieved 25 January 2014.  ^ "Ces centres ont la culture de proximité". JDA (706). 29 January 2014. amiens.fr. Retrieved 20 April 2014.  ^ "La Briqueterie". amiens.fr. Archived from the original on 2 February 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2014.  ^ "Centre culturel Jacques Tati". amiens.fr. Archived from the original on 2 February 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2014.  ^ "Le théâtre". Centre Culturel Jacques Tati. Archived from the original on 27 August 2013. Retrieved 25 January 2014.  ^ "Centre Culturel Léo Lagrange". amiens.fr. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014.  ^ "Centre Social et Culturel Etouvie". amiens.fr. Archived from the original on 21 February 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014.  ^ "Safran". amiens.fr. Archived from the original on 10 February 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2014.  ^ "THÉÂTRE GERARD-PHILIPE". Petit Futé. Retrieved 25 January 2014.  ^ "Cité Carter, studio d'enregistrement à Amiens
Amiens
(80)". webrankinfo.com. Retrieved 25 January 2014.  ^ "Amiens". Association des directeurs des bibliothèques municipales et intercommunales des grandes villes de France. 2 February 2012. Retrieved 2 May 2013.  ^ "Historique des bibliothèques". bibliotheques.amiens.fr. Retrieved 2 May 2013.  ^ " Amiens
Amiens
- Cinéma Gaumont". Centre régional de documentation pédagogique d'Amiens. Retrieved 25 January 2014.  ^ Demilly, Jeanne (9 January 2012). "AMIENS Le Gaumont, la super production de 2011". Le Courrier picard. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2014.  ^ "Présentation : Le ciné St Leu". Ciné Saint-Leu. Retrieved 25 January 2014.  ^ "Le cinéma Orson Welles". maisondelaculture-amiens.com. Archived from the original on 26 January 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2014.  ^ "La Réderie d'Amiens". destination-somme.com.  ^ "La Foire Exposition de Picardie".  ^ "La BD en 2012, toujours plus". Le Courrier picard. 30 December 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2014.  ^ "La foire Saint
Saint
Jean rendez-vous incontournable à Amiens". JT de 13H de TF1. TF1. 29 June 2012. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2013.  ^ "Colorisation cathédrale Amiens". JT de 20H de France
France
2. Institut national de l'audiovisuel. 25 December 1999. Retrieved 22 December 2013.  ^ Thiébault, Estelle (8 November 2013). "Un des 4 rendez-vous qui comptent". Le Courrier picard. Archived from the original on 10 November 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2014.  ^ "Le marché de noël d'Amiens". www.marchedenoel.fr.  ^ "Amiens : au marché de Noël". JT de 13H de France
France
2. France 2. 18 December 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2013.  ^ "Association Amiens
Amiens
Burning". Maison des associations d'Amiens Métropole. Retrieved 19 November 2012.  ^ "Discographie de la Cité Carter". Ville d'Amiens. Archived from the original on 29 February 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2012.  ^ "Harmonie Saint
Saint
Pierre". Retrieved 20 November 2012.  ^ "Conservatoire à Rayonnement Régional". amiens.fr. Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2014.  ^ Collectif, «  Amiens
Amiens
Ville d’Art et d’Histoire – le guide ». « Vie littéraire à Amiens
Amiens
sous l’ancien Régime » et « La vie littéraire au siècle XIX », éditions du patrimoine, centre des monuments nationaux, 2007, p.26 and p.35. ^ Cojez, Anne-Marie (7 August 2009). "Dans les pas de Jules Verne
Jules Verne
à Amiens". encyclopedie.picardie.fr. Retrieved 16 March 2013.  ^ Andreani, Jean-Louis. "Roland Dorgeles". Les éditions du trotteur ailé. Retrieved 16 March 2013.  ^ "Liste des films tournés en Picardie". ACAP Pôle Image Picardie. Archived from the original on 3 September 2013. Retrieved 4 December 2012.  ^ Tour Perret ^ Saint-Leu quarter ^ Larrède, Christian (January 2012). "Amiens, ville de BD" (PDF). Amiens
Amiens
Forum. Retrieved 10 January 2013.  ^ "Faites des bulles!". Collectif des habitants de Thiers/Thève. 15 May 2007. Retrieved 10 January 2013.  ^ "DRAVIE.net". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016.  ^ a b Hugh McKnight (1 Sep 2005). Cruising French Waterways. Sheridan House, Inc. p. 35.  ^ Cuisine en Picardie, Cuisine à la française, retrieved 10 December 2012  ^ Zégierman, Frédéric. "L'Amiénois". keldelice.com. Retrieved 29 April 2013.  ^ Nick Rider (1 May 2005). Short Breaks Northern France. New Holland Publishers. p. 135.  ^ Michelin (16 Apr 2010). Michelin Green Guide Northern France
France
& Paris
Paris
Region. Michelin. p. 62.  ^ Russel Cousins; Ron Hallmark; Ian Pickup (15 Dec 1994). Studying and Working in France: A Student Guide. Manchester University Press ND. p. 111.  ^ Alan Rogers (1 Jan 2007). Alan Rogers France
France
2007. Alan Rogers Guides Ltd. p. 88.  ^ "Consacré à Nicolas Barré". Archived from the original on 16 October 2015.  ^ Dictionnaire des sculpteurs de l'école française au siecle XVIII, Stanislas Lami ^ "Biographie de Victor-Ferdinand Bourgeois". Archived from the original on 2013-11-11.  ^ "Décret du 16 mai 2012 relatif à la composition du Gouvernement". Journal officiel de la République française. 7 May 2012.  ^ Jacques Bertoin, « Najat Belkacem, la vie en rose » Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine., Jeune-afrique.com, 18 March 2007. ^ "Ngoma, Dorian". National Football
Football
Teams. Retrieved 10 June 2015.  ^ "La ville est tout à fait fondée à parler de Parmentier". Le Courrier picard. 10 February 2013. Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 24 April 2013.  ^ Battle of Amiens
Amiens
(1870) ^ "LADY GODIVA Amiens
Amiens
Musée de Picardie" (PDF). culturecommunication.gouv.fr. 20 June 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 September 2015. Retrieved 21 May 2013.  ^ José Brice, Patton-Leclerc, éd. Société des Ecrivains, 2014, ISBN 978-2-342-02324-4, 190 p., p. 21 ; Christine Levisse-Touzé et Musée Jean Moulin, Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque, 1902-1947: la légende d'un héros, éd. Paris-Musées, 2002, ISBN 978-2-84734-033-4, 159 p., p. 19 ; Michel Marmin, Leclerc, Éditions Chronique, 2013, ISBN 979-10-90871-96-0, 136 p., Philippe fait ses études chez les Jésuites ^ "Vite dit". Amiens
Amiens
Forum n°40. April 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-06-28. Retrieved 29 April 2013.  ^ "LACHERIE-GOSSUIN Elodie". Conseil Régional de Picardie. 2010. Archived from the original on 22 October 2014. Retrieved 22 October 2014.  ^ Romain Blondeau (26 March 2011). "J'ai rendu visite à la mamie d' Amiens
Amiens
de Nicolas Duvauchelle". Les Inrockuptibles. Retrieved 29 April 2013.  ^ "Mémoires de la Société des..." Google Books.  ^ "Les armoiries de la ville d'Amiens". espritdepicardie.com. Retrieved 22 April 2013.  ^ "Les armoiries d'Amien". amiens.fr. Archived from the original on 23 April 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2013.  ^ Œuvre listed under the No. APA #8005.62.010 Arman
Arman
archives in New York.

Further reading[edit]  : Document used as a source for the drafting of this article.

Estienne, Jean; Vasselle, François (1967). Le Bel Amiens
Amiens
[The beautiful Amiens]. Picardie (in French). Amiens: Martelle éditions. p. 203. ISBN 2-87890-014-6.  Roy, Paule; Duvanel, Maurice (1988). Amiens : De Daguerre à Jules Verne, 1849-1905 [Amiens: De Daguerre to Jules Verne, 1849-1905] (in French). Amiens: Éditions Poiré-Choquet. p. 155. ISBN 978-2-9502147-2-0.  Breitman, Marc; Krier, Rob (1989). Le Nouvel Amiens
Amiens
[The new Amiens]. Villes (in French). Bruxelles: Mardaga/Institut Français d'Architecture. p. 471. ISBN 2-87009-368-3.  Trogneux, Alain (1991). Amiens
Amiens
entre deux guerres : Fêtes, spectacles et distractions [ Amiens
Amiens
between two wars: parties, performances and entertainments]. Hier (in French). Amiens: Encrage Éditions. p. 208. ISBN 2-906389-29-3.  Barbier, Bruno (1992). La grande guerre à Amiens
Amiens
[The great war in Amiens]. Hier (in French). Amiens: Encrage Éditions. p. 192. ISBN 2-906389-39-0.  Cultru, Hervé (1994). Amiens
Amiens
"Belle Epoque". Vie culturelle et artistique [ Amiens
Amiens
"Belle Époque". Cultural and artistic life]. Hier (in French). Amiens: Encrage Éditions. p. 160. ISBN 2-906389-56-0.  Mabire, Pierre; Ropars, Claude; Héritier, Jacques (1995). Amiens Mémoire [ Amiens
Amiens
memory]. mémoire (in French). Edi Loire. p. 128. ISBN 978-2-84084-030-5.  Bondois, Olivier (1996). Les banques à Amiens
Amiens
à l'époque de Jules Verne [ Amiens
Amiens
banks at the time of Jules Verne]. Revue Jules Verne
Jules Verne
(in French). Centre International Jules Verne. pp. 90–103.  Trogneux, Alain (1997). Amiens, années 50 : De la Libération à la Ve République [Amiens, 50s: from Liberation until the Fifth Republic]. Hier (in French). Amiens: Encrage Éditions. p. 224. ISBN 2-906389-83-8.  Curie, Michel; Cry, Didier (1999). Amiens
Amiens
au fil du regard [Amiens over look] (in French). Amiens: Martelle éditions. p. 111. ISBN 978-2-87890-074-3.  Trogneux, Alain (2000). Amiens, années 60 : Naissance d'une capitale régionale [Amiens, 1960s: birth of a regional capital]. Hier (in French). Amiens: Encrage Éditions. p. 224. ISBN 2-911576-25-X.  Delattre, Daniel; Delattre, Emmanuel (2005). Amiens, ses rues, ses faubourgs [Amiens, its streets, its suburbs] (in French). Éditions Delattre. p. 192. ISBN 978-2-915907-15-5.  Carpi, Olivier (2005). Une République imaginaire : Amiens pendant les troubles de religion (1559-1597) [An imaginary Republic: Amiens
Amiens
during the troubles of religion (1559-1597)]. Histoire et société (in French). Belin. p. 254. ISBN 2-7011-3239-8.  Groseil, Véronique (2005). Amiens
Amiens
Jardins [ Amiens
Amiens
Gardens] (in French). Amiens: Éditions Librairie du Labyrinthe. p. 144. ISBN 2-9523061-2-5.  Beauvalet, Scarlett; Hurpin, Gérard (2005). Amiens
Amiens
à l'époque moderne (1500-1850) : Aspects d'une société urbaine en Picardie [ Amiens
Amiens
at the modern era (1500-1850): Aspects of an urban society in Picardy]. Hier (in French). Amiens: Encrage Éditions. p. 336. ISBN 2-911576-60-8.  Ruffin, François (2006). Quartier Nord [North quarter] (in French). Fayard. p. 517. ISBN 2-213-62901-3.  Lando, Pascal; Poiret, Emmanuelle (2007). Amiens
Amiens
et le pays de Somme [ Amiens
Amiens
and the Lands of Somme]. Tranches de France
France
(in French). Paris: Éditions Déclics. p. 80. ISBN 2-84768-098-5.  Bailly, Xavier; Gauthier, Karine (2007). Amiens, ville d'art et d'histoire [Amiens, city of art and history] (in French). Éditions du patrimoine, Centre des monuments nationaux. p. 144. ISBN 2-85822-933-3. 

style="vertical-align:top; width:50%;"

Barbedor, Isabelle; Lefébure, Thierry (2008). Églises et chapelles des siecles XIXe et XXe ( Amiens
Amiens
métropole) [Churches and chapels of the 19th and 20th centuries ( Amiens
Amiens
metropole)]. Parcours du Patrimoine (in French). Lyon: Éditions lieux-Dits. p. 72. ISBN 2-914528-47-7.  Duvanel, Maurice; Mabire, Pierre (2008). Les Amiénois : De la terre et de l'eau [Amiens: of the earth and water] (in French). Crèvecœur-le-Grand: Éditions du Moulin-Alidor. p. 143. ISBN 978-2-917190-03-6.  Duvanel, Maurice; Mabire, Pierre (2008). Les Amiénois : A pied, à cheval, en avion [The Amiens: On foot, on horseback, by plane] (in French). Crèvecœur-le-Grand: Éditions du Moulin-Alidor. p. 143. ISBN 978-2-917190-05-0.  Duvanel, Maurice; Mabire, Pierre (2009). Les Amiénois : Des rires, du sang, des larmes [Amiens: Laughs, blood, tears] (in French). Crèvecœur-le-Grand: Éditions du Moulin-Alidor. p. 144. ISBN 978-2-917190-06-7.  Duvanel, Maurice; Mabire, Pierre (2009). Les Amiénois : De l'ombre à la lumière [Amiens: Shadow in the light] (in French). Crèvecœur-le-Grand: Éditions du Moulin-Alidor. p. 143. ISBN 978-2-917190-08-1.  Fouré, Jean-Marie (2009). Amiens : du Tram
Tram
au Bus [Amiens: Of the tram to Bus] (in French). Crèvecœur-le-Grand: Éditions du Moulin-Alidor. p. 96. ISBN 2-917190-07-8.  Dourouri, Kaltoume (2009). Amiens
Amiens
d'Antan : Amiens
Amiens
à travers la carte postale ancienne [Yesteryear Amiens: Amiens
Amiens
through old postcards]. La France
France
d'antan (in French). HC Éditions. p. 110. ISBN 2-35720-007-3.  Tillier, Claude; Delautre, Franck (2011). Amiens
Amiens
à l'heure bleue [ Amiens
Amiens
to the blue hour] (in French). Engelaere Éditions. p. 72. ISBN 2-917621-11-7.  Delattre-Arnould, Nathalie; Delattre, Daniel (2012). Les rues d'Amiens, promenade dans le temps, Tome 1, les rues de A à D [The streets of Amiens, walk in time, volume 1, the streets of A to D] (in French). Éditions Delattre. p. 96. ISBN 2-364640-16-4.  Leleux, Philippe (2012). Hortillonnages et hortillons [Vegetable farming and farms] (in French). Amiens: Éditions Librairie du Labyrinthe. p. 80. ISBN 978-2-918397-07-6.  Bou, Pierre (2012). 12 juillet 1913 : Le Grand Prix de l'Automobile Club de France
France
[July 12, 1913: The Grand Prix of the Automobile Club of France]. Amiens
Amiens
un jour (in French). Amiens: Encrage Éditions. p. 96. ISBN 978-2-36058-034-7.  Roger, Delphine (2013). Histoire d'une ville: Amiens
Amiens
[History of a city: Amiens]. série parcours d'Histoire (in French). Centre régional de documentation pédagogique d'Amiens. p. 161. ISBN 2-86615-391-X.  Tixier, Nicolas (2013). Amiens
Amiens
2030 : Le quotidien en projets [ Amiens
Amiens
2030: The daily projects] (in French). Bazar Urbain éditions. p. 490. ISBN 978-2-9545249-0-0.  Sanchez, Manuel; Bouton, Solène; Dourouri, Kaltoume (2013). Amiens : Grand Amiénois - Circuit du souvenir 1914-1918 [Amiens: Grand Amiénois - Circuit of remembrance 1914-1918]. Cartoville (in French). Paris: Gallimard Loisirs. p. 52. ISBN 978-2-7424-3527-2.  Trogneux, Alain (2014). Amiens, années 70 : La fin des Trente Glorieuses [Amiens, 1970s: The end of the "Glorious Thirty"]. Hier (in French). Amiens: Encrage Éditions. p. 224. ISBN 978-2-36058-040-8. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
has media related to: Amiens
Amiens
(category)

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Amiens.

Official website INSEE Directory of City Councils (in French) Amiens Cathedral
Amiens Cathedral
at Structurae The Cathedral of Amiens
Amiens
colored ! Columbia University Media Center for Art History – Amiens
Amiens
Cathedral Website Amiens
Amiens
– Business Directory Pictures of Amiens
Amiens
and the Somme

Places adjacent to Amiens

Vaux-en-Amiénois Poulainville Rivery

Dreuil-lès-Amiens

Amiens

Camon Longueau

Salouël Pont-de-Metz Saint-Fuscien Dury Cagny Boves

v t e

Prefectures of departments of France

Bourg-en-Bresse
Bourg-en-Bresse
(Ain) Laon
Laon
(Aisne) Moulins (Allier) Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
(Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) Gap (Hautes-Alpes) Nice
Nice
(Alpes-Maritimes) Privas
Privas
(Ardèche) Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
(Ardennes) Foix
Foix
(Ariège) Troyes
Troyes
(Aube) Carcassonne
Carcassonne
(Aude) Rodez
Rodez
(Aveyron) Marseille
Marseille
(Bouches-du-Rhône) Caen
Caen
(Calvados) Aurillac
Aurillac
(Cantal) Angoulême
Angoulême
(Charente) La Rochelle
La Rochelle
(Charente-Maritime) Bourges
Bourges
(Cher) Tulle
Tulle
(Corrèze) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corse-du-Sud) Bastia
Bastia
(Haute-Corse) Dijon
Dijon
(Côte-d'Or) Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc
(Côtes-d'Armor) Guéret
Guéret
(Creuse) Périgueux
Périgueux
(Dordogne) Besançon
Besançon
(Doubs) Valence (Drôme) Évreux
Évreux
(Eure) Chartres
Chartres
(Eure-et-Loir) Quimper
Quimper
(Finistère) Nîmes
Nîmes
(Gard) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Haute-Garonne) Auch
Auch
(Gers) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Gironde) Montpellier
Montpellier
(Hérault) Rennes
Rennes
(Ille-et-Vilaine) Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(Indre) Tours
Tours
(Indre-et-Loire) Grenoble
Grenoble
(Isère) Lons-le-Saunier
Lons-le-Saunier
(Jura) Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
(Landes) Blois
Blois
(Loir-et-Cher) Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
(Loire) Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(Haute-Loire) Nantes
Nantes
(Loire-Atlantique) Orléans
Orléans
(Loiret) Cahors
Cahors
(Lot) Agen
Agen
(Lot-et-Garonne) Mende (Lozère) Angers
Angers
(Maine-et-Loire) Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô
(Manche) Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Champagne
(Marne) Chaumont (Haute-Marne) Laval (Mayenne) Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
(Meuse) Vannes
Vannes
(Morbihan) Metz
Metz
(Moselle) Nevers
Nevers
(Nièvre) Lille
Lille
(Nord) Beauvais
Beauvais
(Oise) Alençon
Alençon
(Orne) Arras
Arras
(Pas-de-Calais) Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
(Puy-de-Dôme) Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Tarbes
Tarbes
(Hautes-Pyrénées) Perpignan
Perpignan
(Pyrénées-Orientales) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Bas-Rhin) Colmar
Colmar
(Haut-Rhin) Lyon
Lyon
(Rhône) Vesoul
Vesoul
(Haute-Saône) Mâcon
Mâcon
(Saône-et-Loire) Le Mans
Le Mans
(Sarthe) Chambéry
Chambéry
(Savoie) Annecy
Annecy
(Haute-Savoie) Paris
Paris
(Paris) Rouen
Rouen
(Seine-Maritime) Melun
Melun
(Seine-et-Marne) Versailles (Yvelines) Niort
Niort
(Deux-Sèvres) Amiens
Amiens
(Somme) Albi
Albi
(Tarn) Montauban
Montauban
(Tarn-et-Garonne) Toulon
Toulon
(Var) Avignon
Avignon
(Vaucluse) La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(Vendée) Poitiers
Poitiers
(Vienne) Limoges
Limoges
(Haute-Vienne) Épinal
Épinal
(Vosges) Auxerre
Auxerre
(Yonne) Belfort
Belfort
(Territoire de Belfort) Évry (Essonne) Nanterre
Nanterre
(Hauts-de-Seine) Bobigny
Bobigny
(Seine-Saint-Denis) Créteil
Créteil
(Val-de-Marne) Cergy, Pontoise
Pontoise
(Val-d'Oise)

Overseas departments

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Saint-Denis (Réunion) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte)

v t e

Prefectures of the regions of France

Metropolitan France

Lyon
Lyon
(Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes) Dijon
Dijon
(Bourgogne-Franche-Comté) Rennes
Rennes
(Brittany) Orléans
Orléans
(Centre-Val de Loire) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corsica) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Grand Est) Lille
Lille
(Hauts-de-France) Paris
Paris
(Île-de-France) Rouen
Rouen
(Normandy) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Nouvelle-Aquitaine) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Occitanie) Nantes
Nantes
(Pays de la Loire) Marseille
Marseille
(Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur)

Overseas regions

Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte) Saint-Denis (Réunion)

v t e

Communes of the Somme department

Abbeville Ablaincourt-Pressoir Acheux-en-Amiénois Acheux-en-Vimeu Agenville Agenvillers Aigneville Ailly-le-Haut-Clocher Ailly-sur-Noye Ailly-sur-Somme Airaines Aizecourt-le-Bas Aizecourt-le-Haut Albert Allaines Allenay Allery Allonville Amiens Andainville Andechy Argœuves Argoules Arguel Armancourt Arquèves Arrest Arry Arvillers Assainvillers Assevillers Athies Aubercourt Aubigny Aubvillers Auchonvillers Ault Aumâtre Aumont Autheux Authie Authieule Authuille Avelesges Aveluy Avesnes-Chaussoy Ayencourt Bacouel-sur-Selle Bailleul Baizieux Balâtre Barleux Barly Bavelincourt Bayencourt Bayonvillers Bazentin Béalcourt Beaucamps-le-Jeune Beaucamps-le-Vieux Beauchamps Beaucourt-en-Santerre Beaucourt-sur-l'Ancre Beaucourt-sur-l'Hallue Beaufort-en-Santerre Beaumetz Beaumont-Hamel Beauquesne Beauval Bécordel-Bécourt Becquigny Béhen Béhencourt Bellancourt Belleuse Belloy-en-Santerre Belloy-Saint-Léonard Belloy-sur-Somme Bergicourt Bermesnil Bernâtre Bernaville Bernay-en-Ponthieu Bernes Berneuil Berny-en-Santerre Bertangles Berteaucourt-les-Dames Berteaucourt-lès-Thennes Bertrancourt Béthencourt-sur-Mer Béthencourt-sur-Somme Bettembos Bettencourt-Rivière Bettencourt-Saint-Ouen Beuvraignes Biaches Biarre Biencourt Billancourt Blangy-sous-Poix Blangy-Tronville Boisbergues Le Boisle Boismont Bonnay Bonneville Bosquel Bouchavesnes-Bergen Bouchoir Bouchon Boufflers Bougainville Bouillancourt-en-Séry Bouillancourt-la-Bataille Bouquemaison Bourdon Bourseville Boussicourt Bouttencourt Bouvaincourt-sur-Bresle Bouvincourt-en-Vermandois Bouzincourt Bovelles Boves Braches Brailly-Cornehotte Brassy Bray-lès-Mareuil Bray-sur-Somme Breilly Bresle Breuil Brévillers Brie Briquemesnil-Floxicourt Brocourt Brouchy Brucamps Brutelles Buigny-l'Abbé Buigny-lès-Gamaches Buigny-Saint-Maclou Buire-Courcelles Buire-sur-l'Ancre Bus-la-Mésière Bus-lès-Artois Bussu Bussus-Bussuel Bussy-lès-Daours Bussy-lès-Poix Buverchy Cachy Cagny Cahon Caix Cambron Camon Camps-en-Amiénois Canaples Canchy Candas Cannessières Cantigny Caours Cappy Cardonnette Le Cardonnois Carnoy Carrépuis Cartigny Caulières Cavillon Cayeux-en-Santerre Cayeux-sur-Mer Cerisy Cerisy-Buleux Champien Chaulnes La Chaussée-Tirancourt Chaussoy-Epagny La Chavatte Chépy Chilly Chipilly Chirmont Chuignes Chuignolles Citerne Cizancourt Clairy-Saulchoix Cléry-sur-Somme Cocquerel Coigneux Coisy Colincamps Combles Condé-Folie Contalmaison Contay Conteville Contoire Contre Conty Corbie Cottenchy Coullemelle Coulonvillers Courcelette Courcelles-au-Bois Courcelles-sous-Moyencourt Courcelles-sous-Thoix Courtemanche Cramont Crécy-en-Ponthieu Crémery Cressy-Omencourt Creuse Croix-Moligneaux Croixrault Le Crotoy Crouy-Saint-Pierre Curchy Curlu Damery Dancourt-Popincourt Daours Dargnies Davenescourt Démuin Dernancourt Devise Doingt Domart-en-Ponthieu Domart-sur-la-Luce Domesmont Dominois Domléger-Longvillers Dommartin Dompierre-Becquincourt Dompierre-sur-Authie Domqueur Domvast Doudelainville Douilly Doullens Dreuil-lès-Amiens Driencourt Dromesnil Drucat Dury Eaucourt-sur-Somme L'Échelle-Saint-Aurin Éclusier-Vaux Embreville Englebelmer Ennemain Épagne-Épagnette Épaumesnil Épécamps Épehy Épénancourt Éplessier Eppeville Équancourt Équennes-Éramecourt Erches Ercheu Ercourt Ergnies Érondelle Esclainvillers Esmery-Hallon Essertaux Estrébœuf Estrées-Deniécourt Estrées-lès-Crécy Estrées-Mons Estrées-sur-Noye Étalon Ételfay Éterpigny Étinehem-Méricourt L'Étoile Étréjust Étricourt-Manancourt La Faloise Falvy Famechon Faverolles Favières Fay Ferrières Fescamps Feuillères Feuquières-en-Vimeu Fieffes-Montrelet Fienvillers Fignières Fins Flaucourt Flers Flers-sur-Noye Flesselles Fleury Flixecourt Fluy Folies Folleville Fonches-Fonchette Fontaine-le-Sec Fontaine-lès-Cappy Fontaine-sous-Montdidier Fontaine-sur-Maye Fontaine-sur-Somme Forceville Forceville-en-Vimeu Forest-l'Abbaye Forest-Montiers Fort-Mahon-Plage Fossemanant Foucaucourt-en-Santerre Foucaucourt-Hors-Nesle Fouencamps Fouilloy Fouquescourt Fourcigny Fourdrinoy Framerville-Rainecourt Framicourt Francières Franleu Franqueville Fransart Fransu Fransures Franvillers Fréchencourt Frémontiers Fresnes-Mazancourt Fresnes-Tilloloy Fresneville Fresnoy-Andainville Fresnoy-au-Val Fresnoy-en-Chaussée Fresnoy-lès-Roye Fressenneville Frettecuisse Frettemeule Friaucourt Fricamps Fricourt Frise Friville-Escarbotin Frohen-sur-Authie Froyelles Frucourt Gamaches Gapennes Gauville Gentelles Gézaincourt Ginchy Glisy Gorenflos Gorges Goyencourt Grandcourt Grand-Laviers Gratibus Grattepanche Grébault-Mesnil Grécourt Grivesnes Grivillers Grouches-Luchuel Gruny Guerbigny Gueschart Gueudecourt Guignemicourt Guillaucourt Guillemont Guizancourt Guyencourt-Saulcourt Guyencourt-sur-Noye Hailles Hallencourt Hallivillers Halloy-lès-Pernois Hallu Ham Le Hamel Hamelet Hancourt Hangard Hangest-en-Santerre Hangest-sur-Somme Harbonnières Hardecourt-aux-Bois Hargicourt Harponville Hattencourt Hautvillers-Ouville Havernas Hébécourt Hédauville Heilly Hem-Hardinval Hem-Monacu Hénencourt Herbécourt Hérissart Herleville Herly Hervilly Hesbécourt Hescamps Heucourt-Croquoison Heudicourt Heuzecourt Hiermont Hombleux Hornoy-le-Bourg Huchenneville Humbercourt Huppy Hypercourt Ignaucourt Inval-Boiron Irles Jumel Laboissière-en-Santerre Lachapelle Lafresguimont-Saint-Martin Lahoussoye Laleu Lamaronde Lamotte-Brebière Lamotte-Buleux Lamotte-Warfusée Lanchères Lanches-Saint-Hilaire Languevoisin-Quiquery Laucourt Laviéville Lawarde-Mauger-l'Hortoy Léalvillers Lesbœufs Liancourt-Fosse Licourt Liéramont Liercourt Ligescourt Lignières Lignières-Châtelain Lignières-en-Vimeu Lihons Limeux Liomer Loeuilly Long Longavesnes Longpré-les-Corps-Saints Longueau Longueval Longuevillette Louvencourt Louvrechy Lucheux Machiel Machy Mailly-Maillet Mailly-Raineval Maisnières Maison-Ponthieu Maison-Roland Maizicourt Malpart Mametz Marcelcave Marché-Allouarde Marchélepot Marestmontiers Mareuil-Caubert Maricourt Marieux Marlers Marquaix Marquivillers Martainneville Matigny Maucourt Maurepas Le Mazis Méaulte Méharicourt Meigneux Le Meillard Méneslies Méréaucourt Mérélessart Méricourt-en-Vimeu Méricourt-l'Abbé Mers-les-Bains Le Mesge Mesnil-Bruntel Mesnil-Domqueur Mesnil-en-Arrouaise Mesnil-Martinsart Mesnil-Saint-Georges Mesnil-Saint-Nicaise Métigny Mézerolles Mézières-en-Santerre Miannay Millencourt Millencourt-en-Ponthieu Miraumont Mirvaux Misery Moislains Molliens-au-Bois Molliens-Dreuil Monchy-Lagache Mons-Boubert Monsures Montagne-Fayel Montauban-de-Picardie Montdidier Montigny-les-Jongleurs Montigny-sur-l'Hallue Montonvillers Morchain Morcourt Moreuil Morisel Morlancourt Morvillers-Saint-Saturnin Mouflers Mouflières Moyencourt Moyencourt-lès-Poix Moyenneville Muille-Villette Nampont Namps-Maisnil Nampty Naours Nesle Nesle-l'Hôpital Neslette Neufmoulin Neuilly-le-Dien Neuilly-l'Hôpital Neuville-au-Bois Neuville-Coppegueule La Neuville-lès-Bray Neuville-lès-Loeuilly La Neuville-Sire-Bernard Neuvillette Nibas Nouvion Noyelles-en-Chaussée Noyelles-sur-Mer Nurlu Occoches Ochancourt Offignies Offoy Oisemont Oissy Oneux Oresmaux Oust-Marest Outrebois Ovillers-la-Boisselle Pargny Parvillers-le-Quesnoy Pendé Pernois Péronne Picquigny Piennes-Onvillers Pierregot Pierrepont-sur-Avre Pissy Plachy-Buyon Le Plessier-Rozainvillers Poeuilly Poix-de-Picardie Ponches-Estruval Pont-de-Metz Ponthoile Pont-Noyelles Pont-Remy Port-le-Grand Potte Poulainville Pozières Prouville Prouzel Proyart Puchevillers Punchy Puzeaux Pys Quend Querrieu Le Quesne Le Quesnel Quesnoy-le-Montant Quesnoy-sur-Airaines Quevauvillers Quiry-le-Sec Quivières Raincheval Rainneville Ramburelles Rambures Rancourt Regnière-Écluse Remaisnil Remaugies Remiencourt Rethonvillers Revelles Ribeaucourt Ribemont-sur-Ancre Riencourt Rivery Rogy Roiglise Roisel Rollot Ronssoy Rosières-en-Santerre Rouvrel Rouvroy-en-Santerre Rouy-le-Grand Rouy-le-Petit Roye Rubempré Rubescourt Rue Rumigny Saigneville Sailly-Flibeaucourt Sailly-Laurette Sailly-le-Sec Sailly-Saillisel Sains-en-Amiénois Saint-Acheul Saint-Aubin-Montenoy Saint-Aubin-Rivière Saint-Blimont Saint-Christ-Briost Sainte-Segrée Saint-Fuscien Saint-Germain-sur-Bresle Saint-Gratien Saint-Léger-lès-Authie Saint-Léger-lès-Domart Saint-Léger-sur-Bresle Saint-Mard Saint-Maulvis Saint-Maxent Saint-Ouen Saint-Quentin-en-Tourmont Saint-Quentin-la-Motte-Croix-au-Bailly Saint-Riquier Saint-Sauflieu Saint-Sauveur Saint-Vaast-en-Chaussée Saint-Valery-sur-Somme Saisseval Saleux Salouël Sancourt Saulchoy-sous-Poix Sauvillers-Mongival Saveuse Senarpont Senlis-le-Sec Sentelie Seux Sorel Sorel-en-Vimeu Soues Sourdon Soyécourt Surcamps Suzanne Tailly Talmas Templeux-la-Fosse Templeux-le-Guérard Terramesnil Tertry Thennes Thézy-Glimont Thiepval Thieulloy-l'Abbaye Thieulloy-la-Ville Thièvres Thoix Thory Tilloloy Tilloy-Floriville Tilloy-lès-Conty Tincourt-Boucly Le Titre Tœufles Tours-en-Vimeu Toutencourt Le Translay Treux Tully Ugny-l'Équipée Vadencourt Vaire-sous-Corbie Valines Varennes Vauchelles-lès-Authie Vauchelles-lès-Domart Vauchelles-les-Quesnoy Vaudricourt Vauvillers Vaux-en-Amiénois Vaux-Marquenneville Vaux-sur-Somme Vecquemont Velennes Vercourt Vergies Vermandovillers Verpillières Vers-sur-Selle La Vicogne Vignacourt Villecourt Ville-le-Marclet Villeroy Villers-aux-Érables Villers-Bocage Villers-Bretonneux Villers-Campsart Villers-Carbonnel Villers-Faucon Villers-lès-Roye Villers-sous-Ailly Villers-sur-Authie Villers-Tournelle Ville-sur-Ancre Vironchaux Vismes Vitz-sur-Authie Voyennes Vraignes-en-Vermandois Vraignes-lès-Hornoy Vrély Vron Wargnies Warloy-Baillon Warlus Warsy Warvillers Wiencourt-l'Équipée Wiry-au-Mont Woignarue Woincourt Woirel Y Yaucourt-Bussus Yonval Yvrench Yvrencheux Yzengremer Yzeux

v t e

European Youth Capitals

2009 Rotterdam 2010 Turin 2011 Antwerp 2012 Braga 2013 Maribor 2014 Thessaloniki 2015 Cluj-Napoca 2016 Ganja 2017 Varna 2018 Cascais 2019 Novi Sad 2020 Amiens

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 162797643 LCCN: n79116223 GND: 4085690-2 SUDOC: 028085027 BNF: cb1527