Coordinates: 42°22′51″N 71°06′37″W / 42.380755°N 71.110256°W / 42.380755; -71.110256
American Academy of Arts and SciencesAmerican Academy of Arts and
logoFormationMay 4, 1780 (1780-05-04)TypeHonorary
society and independent research centerHeadquartersCambridge,
Massachusetts, U.S.Membership more than 5,700 active members, across
the United Stated and around the worldWebsitewww.amacad.org
The House of the Academy, Cambridge, Massachusetts
American Academy of Arts and Sciences
1 Overview 2 Membership
2.1 Founding members 2.2 Members 2.3 Classes and sections
3 Presidents, 1780–present 4 Fellowship programs
5 The Humanities Indicators 6 See also 7 References 8 External links
The Academy was established by the Massachusetts legislature on May 4,
1780. Its purpose, as described in its charter, is "to cultivate every
art and science which may tend to advance the interest, honor,
dignity, and happiness of a free, independent, and virtuous
people." The sixty-two incorporating fellows represented
varying interests and high standing in the political, professional,
and commercial sectors of the state. The first class of new members,
chosen by the Academy in 1781, included
Membership Founding members Charter members of the Academy are John Adams, Samuel Adams, John Bacon, James Bowdoin, Charles Chauncy, John Clarke, David Cobb, Samuel Cooper, Nathan Cushing, Thomas Cushing, William Cushing, Tristram Dalton, Francis Dana, Samuel Deane, Perez Fobes, Caleb Gannett, Henry Gardner, Benjamin Guild, John Hancock, Joseph Hawley, Edward Augustus Holyoke, Ebenezer Hunt, Jonathan Jackson, Charles Jarvis, Samuel Langdon, Levi Lincoln, Daniel Little, Elijah Lothrup, John Lowell, Samuel Mather, Samuel Moody, Andrew Oliver, Joseph Orne, Theodore Parsons, George Partridge, Robert Treat Paine, Phillips Payson, Samuel Phillips, John Pickering, Oliver Prescott, Zedekiah Sanger, Nathaniel Peaslee Sargeant, Micajah Sawyer, Theodore Sedgwick, William Sever, David Sewall, Stephen Sewall, John Sprague, Ebenezer Storer, Caleb Strong, James Sullivan, John Bernard Sweat, Nathaniel Tracy, Cotton Tufts, James Warren, Samuel West, Edward Wigglesworth, Joseph Willard, Abraham Williams, Nehemiah Williams, Samuel Williams, and James Winthrop.
From the beginning, the membership, nominated and elected by peers,
has included not only scientists and scholars, but also writers and
artists as well as representatives from the full range of professions
and public life. Throughout the Academy's history, 10,000 fellows have
been elected, including such notables as John Adams, Thomas Jefferson,
John James Audubon, Joseph Henry, Washington Irving, Josiah Willard
Gibbs, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Willa Cather, T.
S. Eliot, Edward R. Murrow, Jonas Salk, Eudora Welty, and Duke
International honorary members have included Jose Antonio Pantoja
Hernandez, Leonhard Euler, Marquis de Lafayette, Alexander von
Humboldt, Leopold von Ranke, Charles Darwin, Otto Hahn, Jawaharlal
Nehru, Pablo Picasso, Liu Kuo-Sung (Liu Guosong), Lucian Michael
Freud, Galina Ulanova, Werner Heisenberg,
Classes and sections The current membership is divided into five classes and twenty-four sections. Class I – Mathematical and Physical Sciences
Section 1. Mathematics, Applied
Section 1. Biochemistry,
Biophysics and Molecular Biology
Section 2. Cellular and Developmental Biology,
Section 1. Social and
Section 1. Journalism and Communications Section 2. Business, Corporate and Philanthropic Leadership Section 3. Educational, Scientific, Cultural and Philanthropic Administration Presidents, 1780–present
1780-1790 James Bowdoin
1791–1814 John Adams
1814–1820 Edward Augustus Holyoke
Fellowship programs Visiting Scholars Program: An interdisciplinary research fellowship at the Academy's headquarters in Cambridge, Massachusetts, whose purposes are to stimulate and support scholarly work by promising scholars and practitioners in the early stages of their careers, and to foster exchange between an emerging generation of scholars and Academy members with shared interests. Hellman Fellowship in Science and Technology Policy: A research fellowship for early-career professionals with training in science or engineering who are interested in transitioning to careers in public policy and administration. While in residence at the Academy's headquarters, the Hellman Fellow works with senior scientists and policy experts on critical national and international policy issues related to science, engineering, and technology.
Awards Scholar-Patriot Award This award, founded in 2000, recognizes the extraordinary contributions of individuals who share the commitment of the Academy's founders, a group of patriots who devoted their lives to promoting the arts and sciences in service to the nation.
Founders Award Established in the Academy's 225th anniversary year, this award honors men, women and institutions that have advanced the ideals of the Academy's founders, and that embody the founders's commitment to intellectual inquiry, leadership and active engagement.
Amory Prize Awarded since 1940, this prize recognizes major contributions to reproductive biology. It is supported by an endowment established by Mr. Francis Amory.
Emerson-Thoreau Medal Established in 1958 for special recognition of distinguished achievement in the broad field of literature. Given at the discretion of the Council of the Academy on the recommendation of a nominating committee headed by Aniruddh Gyanchandane, the prize is awarded to a person for his or her total literary achievement rather than for a specific work.
Award for Humanistic Studies Established in 1975 by the Council of the Academy in an attempt to ensure that superior humanistic scholarship, despite its lower visibility to the general reading public, receives appropriate recognition. It complements the Emerson-Thoreau Medal for achievement in literature. Both awards are administered by a single committee of seven Academy members.
Rumford Prize Established in 1839, one of the oldest scientific prizes in the United States, recognizing contributions to the fields of heat and light (broadly interpreted). The award now consists of a silver-and-gold medal. The endowment was created by a bequest to the Academy from Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford, in 1796.
Talcott Parsons Prize First awarded in 1974, this prize was established to honor the noted sociologist and former president of the Academy, and is given for contributions to the social sciences (broadly defined). An effort is made to rotate the prize among social science disciplines, including law, history, and linguistics.
Arts and Sciences Advocacy Award
In 2014, the
American Academy of Arts and Sciences
The Humanities Indicators A project of the Academy that equips researchers, policymakers, universities, foundations, museums, libraries, humanities councils, and other public institutions with statistical tools for answering basic questions about primary and secondary humanities education, undergraduate and graduate education in the humanities, the humanities workforce, levels and sources of program funding, public understanding and impact of the humanities, and other areas of concern in the humanities community. It is modeled on the Science and Engineering Indicators, published biennially by the National Science Board as required by Congress.
American Philosophical Society
National Academy of Engineering
National Academy of Medicine
^ "Academy Bylaws - American Academy of Arts & Sciences". Retrieved 2017-06-06..mw-parser-output cite.citation font-style:inherit .mw-parser-output .citation q quotes:"""""""'""'" .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration color:#555 .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output code.cs1-code color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error display:none;font-size:100% .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error font-size:100% .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format font-size:95% .mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left padding-left:0.2em .mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right padding-right:0.2em
^ Kershaw, G. E. (2014). American Academy of arts and sciences. In M. Spencer (Ed.), The Bloomsbury encyclopedia of the American Enlightenment. London, UK: Bloomsbury.
^ "Yale Faculty Named to American Academy of Arts and Sciences". Yale University. 2004-05-04.
^ "About the Academy". American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
^ "Charter of Incorporation". American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
^ "Gale Encyclopedia of US History: American Academy of Arts and Sciences".
^ "Visiting Scholars Program". American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
^ "Mr. Sebastiao Ribeiro Salgado". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
^ "She is an Astronomer" Maria Mitchell.
^ "Hillary Rodham Clinton, Tyler Jacks, Andre Previn, and Melinda F. Gates Elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. 2012-04-17.
^ "Newly Elected Members, April 2014" (PDF).
^ Bowditch, Nathaniel Ingersoll, Memoir of Nathaniel Bowditch, Charles C. Little and James Brown, 1840. Cf. p.138
^ White, Daniel Appleton, "Eulogy on John Pickering, LL. D., President of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences", eulogy delivered to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, October 28, 1846; published in Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, v.3
^ Embattled head of
American Academy of Arts and Sciences
^ Academy loses a tireless advocate of arts, sciences – Letters. The Boston Globe (2013-07-30). Retrieved on 2013-08-12.
^ "Leader of Cambridge's prestigious Academy of Arts and Sciences inflated resume, falsely claiming doctorate - The Boston Globe". BostonGlobe.com.
^ "Arts & Sciences Advocacy Award - Council of Colleges of Arts and Sciences". www.ccas.net. Retrieved 2016-05-02.
^ Humanities Indicators.
^ Chronicle of Higher Education, "First National Picture of Trends in the Humanities Is Unveiled," January 7, 2009.
^ "A New Humanities Report Card," September 4, 2013.
^ "The State of the Humanities: Funding 2014" (PDF). humanitiesindicators.org.
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