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Ambrose Madison (January 17, 1696 – August 27, 1732) was an American planter and politician in the Piedmont of Virginia. He married Frances Taylor in 1721, daughter of James Taylor, a member of the Knights of the Golden Horseshoe Expedition across the Blue Ridge Mountains
Blue Ridge Mountains
from the Tidewater. Through her father, Madison and his brother-in-law Thomas Chew were aided in acquiring 4,675 acres in 1723, in what became Orange County.[1] There he developed his tobacco plantation known as Mount Pleasant (and later as Montpelier.) The Madisons were parents of James Madison Sr.
James Madison Sr.
and grandparents of President James Madison. After Madison died of a short illness in August 1732, three slaves were convicted of poisoning him, and one was executed for the crime. It was the first time in Virginia
Virginia
that slaves were convicted of killing a planter.[2]

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Marriage and family 3 Development of Mount Pleasant and murder 4 References 5 External links

Early life and education[edit] Ambrose Madison was born in 1696 in Virginia, He was the son of sheriff, planter, politician and major landowner John Madison Jr. and Isabella Minor Todd. He was tutored and trained by his father to be a planter. Marriage and family[edit] In 1721, Madison married Frances Taylor, daughter of James Taylor, a wealthy and influential man in the colony. As a member of the Knights of the Golden Horseshoe Expedition across the Blue Ridge Mountains, Taylor later acquired 8,000 acres of land in the Piedmont. With his help, in 1723 Madison and his brother-in-law Thomas Chew acquired 4,657 acres of land in present-day Orange County, Virginia, where planters from the Tidewater were moving for new land to support tobacco cultivation. Development of Mount Pleasant and murder[edit] Frances and Ambrose Madison's share of land was the basis of their plantation, which they called Mount Pleasant (later to be known as Montpelier (Orange, Virginia). To clear the land to secure title, Madison bought 29 African slaves, likely Igbo, who worked under white overseers for five years before the Madisons moved to the property.[2][3] The Madison family moved to the plantation in 1732 after a house had been built and tobacco cultivation had started. They had several children, and their oldest son was James Madison, Sr., the future father of U.S. President
U.S. President
James Madison. Ambrose Madison died that summer at age 36 after a short illness, on August 27, 1732. The family or the sheriff believed he was poisoned by slaves, and three were charged in the case.[2] As the historian Douglas B. Chambers notes in his 2005 book on the Igbo in Virginia, historic evidence was severely limited. There is no way for historians to assess what the charges were based on, and if they arose more out of planter fears of slaves than slave actions.[2] According to the brief court records, three African slaves were charged and convicted by the justices of the Commission of Peace of poisoning the planter. The justices apparently believed Dido and Turk, owned by the widow Frances Taylor Madison, had lesser roles and, after punishing them by whipping, returned the slaves to her for continued labor.[2] Pompey, owned by a neighboring planter, was believed the ringleader and was executed.[2] As Chambers notes, they were the first slaves convicted in Virginia
Virginia
of a planter's murder.[2] Unusually, the widow Frances Taylor Madison never remarried; the tobacco plantation yielded revenue and she may have received support from her extensive Taylor family, who were also in Orange County.[4] Her eldest son James Madison, Sr.
James Madison, Sr.
inherited the plantation when he came of age at 21 in 1744. By the 1750s, the Madison plantation was referred to as "Home House." During his tenure, Madison acquired more land, so that he eventually owned 5,000 acres. By 1780, James Madison, Jr had become steward of Home House and called it Montpelier. It became famous after he was elected to two terms as president. References[edit]

^ Taylor, Elizabeth Dowling. A Slave in the White House: Paul Jennings and the Madisons, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, Chapter 1 ^ a b c d e f g Chambers, Douglas B., Murder at Montpelier: Igbo Africans in Virginia, Oxford, Mississippi: University Press of Mississippi, 2005, pp. 5-9 ^ Note: A total of 37,000 Africans arrived in Virginia
Virginia
from Calabar in the slave trade of the 1700s, during the period of planter expansion into the Piedmont, and 30,000 were Igbo. Chambers (2005), "Murder at Montpelier", p. 23 ^ Taylor (2012), "Slave in the White House", Chapter 1

External links[edit]

Chambers, Douglas B., Murder at Montpelier: Igbo Africans in Virginia, Jackson, Mississippi: University Press of Mississippi, 2005 Montpelier, home of James Madison Madison Biography, James Madison
James Madison
University

v t e

James Madison

4th President of the United States
President of the United States
(1809–1817) 5th U.S. Secretary of State (1801–1809) United States House of Representatives
United States House of Representatives
(1789–1797) Congress of the Confederation
Congress of the Confederation
(1781–1783) Virginia
Virginia
House of Delegates (1776–1779, 1784–1786)

"Father of the Constitution"

Co-wrote, 1776 Virginia
Virginia
Constitution 1786 Annapolis Convention 1787 Constitutional Convention

Virginia
Virginia
Plan Constitution of the United States Notes of Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787

The Federalist Papers

written by Madison No. 10 No. 51

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Virginia
Ratifying Convention United States Bill of Rights

27th amendment

Constitution drafting and ratification timeline Founding Fathers

Presidency

First inauguration Second inauguration Tecumseh's War

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Other noted accomplisments

Co-founder, American Whig Society Supervised the Louisiana Purchase Anti-Administration party Residence Act

Compromise of 1790

Democratic-Republican Party

First Party System republicanism

Library of Congress Virginia
Virginia
and Kentucky Resolutions Report of 1800

Other writings

The Papers of James Madison

Life

Early life and career Belle Grove Plantation, birthplace Montpelier

Elections

U.S. House of Representatives election, 1789 1790 1792 1794 U.S. presidential election, 1808 1812

Legacy and popular culture

James Madison
James Madison
Memorial Building James Madison
James Madison
University James Madison
James Madison
College Madison, Wisconsin Madison Square Madison River Madison Street U.S. postage stamps James Madison
James Madison
Memorial Fellowship Foundation James Madison
James Madison
Freedom of Information Award James Madison
James Madison
Award James Madison
James Madison
Institute A More Perfect Union (1989 film) Liberty's Kids
Liberty's Kids
(2002 miniseries) Hamilton (2015 musical)

Related

Age of Enlightenment American Enlightenment Marbury v. Madison National Gazette Paul Jennings Madisonian Model American Philosophical Society The American Museum magazine Virginia
Virginia
dynasty

Family

Dolley Madison
Dolley Madison
(wife) John Payne Todd
John Payne Todd
(stepson) James Madison, Sr.
James Madison, Sr.
(father) Nelly Conway Madison
Nelly Conway Madison
(mother) William Madison (brother) Ambrose Madison (paternal grandfather) James Madison
James Madison
(cousin) George Madison
George Madison
(paternal second-cousin) Thomas Madison (paternal second-cousin) John Madison (great-grandfather) Lucy Washington (sister-in-law)

← Thomas Jefferson James Monroe
James Monroe

Category

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 61241320 LCCN: no2003096328 SUDOC: 108949737 SN

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