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The Ambracian Gulf, also known as the Gulf of Arta or the Gulf of Actium, and in some official documents as the Amvrakikos Gulf (Greek: Αμβρακικός κόλπος), is a gulf of the Ionian Sea
Ionian Sea
in northwestern Greece. About 40 km (25 mi) long and 15 km (9 mi) wide, it is one of the largest enclosed gulfs in Greece. The towns of Preveza, Amphilochia
Amphilochia
(formerly Karvassaras), and Vonitsa lie on its shores.

Contents

1 Name 2 Geography 3 History 4 Transportation 5 References

5.1 Notes

6 External links

Name[edit] The gulf takes its name from the ancient city of Ambracia
Ambracia
located near its shores. Its alternative name comes from the medieval (and modern) city of Arta, located in the same place as ancient Ambracia. Geography[edit] The entrance to the gulf is through a 700-meter wide channel between Aktio (ancient Actium) on the south and Preveza
Preveza
on the north; a recent road tunnel connects the two. The gulf is quite shallow, and its shore is broken by numerous marshes, large parts of which form an estuary system. The Louros and Arachthos (or Arta) rivers drain into it; for this reason it is warmer and less salty than the Ionian, and a current flows from the gulf into the sea. It is rich in grey mullet[disambiguation needed], sole, and eel. History[edit] The Ambracian Gulf
Ambracian Gulf
was the site of the Battle of Actium, in which Augustus' forces defeated those of Mark Antony
Mark Antony
and Cleopatra. From Greek independence (Treaty of Constantinople, 1832) until the Second Balkan War (Treaty of Bucharest, 1913), the gulf formed part of the border between the Kingdom of Greece
Greece
and the Ottoman Empire. The remains of numerous ancient cities lie on its shores: Actium
Actium
at the entrance, where the famous Battle of Actium
Actium
was fought in 31 BC; Nicopolis, Argos Ippatum, Limnaea, and Olpae. Transportation[edit] Since 2002, the northern and southern sides at the mouth of the gulf are connected by the Aktio- Preveza
Preveza
Undersea Tunnel. The tunnel greatly shortens the travel distance across the gulf, which used to be possible only by ferry. Coordinates: 38°58′21″N 20°58′09″E / 38.97250°N 20.96917°E / 38.97250; 20.96917 References[edit] Notes[edit]

James Wolfe, "Observations on the Gulf of Arta, Made in 1830" Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London 3:77-94 (1833) at JSTOR  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Arta, Gulf of". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

External links[edit]

Preveza
Preveza
Weather Station SV6GMQ - Live Weather Conditions (in English and Greek)

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