The Ambracian Gulf, also known as the Gulf of Arta or the Gulf of
Actium, and in some official documents as the Amvrakikos Gulf (Greek:
Αμβρακικός κόλπος), is a gulf of the
Ionian Sea in
northwestern Greece. About 40 km (25 mi) long and 15 km
(9 mi) wide, it is one of the largest enclosed gulfs in Greece.
The towns of Preveza,
Amphilochia (formerly Karvassaras), and Vonitsa
lie on its shores.
6 External links
The gulf takes its name from the ancient city of
Ambracia located near
its shores. Its alternative name comes from the medieval (and modern)
city of Arta, located in the same place as ancient Ambracia.
The entrance to the gulf is through a 700-meter wide channel between
Aktio (ancient Actium) on the south and
Preveza on the north; a recent
road tunnel connects the two. The gulf is quite shallow, and its shore
is broken by numerous marshes, large parts of which form an estuary
system. The Louros and Arachthos (or Arta) rivers drain into it; for
this reason it is warmer and less salty than the Ionian, and a current
flows from the gulf into the sea. It is rich in grey
mullet[disambiguation needed], sole, and eel.
Ambracian Gulf was the site of the Battle of Actium, in which
Augustus' forces defeated those of
Mark Antony and Cleopatra. From
Greek independence (Treaty of Constantinople, 1832) until the Second
Balkan War (Treaty of Bucharest, 1913), the gulf formed part of the
border between the Kingdom of
Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
The remains of numerous ancient cities lie on its shores:
the entrance, where the famous Battle of
Actium was fought in 31 BC;
Nicopolis, Argos Ippatum, Limnaea, and Olpae.
Since 2002, the northern and southern sides at the mouth of the gulf
are connected by the Aktio-
Preveza Undersea Tunnel. The tunnel greatly
shortens the travel distance across the gulf, which used to be
possible only by ferry.
Coordinates: 38°58′21″N 20°58′09″E / 38.97250°N
20.96917°E / 38.97250; 20.96917
James Wolfe, "Observations on the Gulf of Arta, Made in 1830" Journal
of the Royal Geographical Society of London 3:77-94 (1833) at JSTOR
This article incorporates text from a publication now in
the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Arta, Gulf of".
Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Preveza Weather Station SV6GMQ - Live Weather Conditions (in English
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