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Altun Tash (died 1032) was Khwarazm- Shah
Shah
from 1017 until his death.[1] Altun Tash was originally a slave commander serving the Ghaznavid Sebük Tigin.[1] In 1008 he played a leading role in a battle against the Karakhanids
Karakhanids
at Sharkhiyan near Balkh, in which the Ghaznavids were victorious. By 1011 he had been made governor of Herat
Herat
by Sebük Tigin's son, Mahmud. In 1017 Mahmud conquered Khwarazm
Khwarazm
from its Ma'munid rulers, and made Altun Tash its governor.[1] Altun Tash's tenure as Khwarazm-Shah consisted of preventing the Oghuz and Qarluqs from making raids into the region. He also participated in Mahmud's 1025 campaign against the Karakhanid ruler of Transoxiana, 'Ali-tigin, in which Samarkand
Samarkand
was temporarily occupied, and was present at the meeting between Mahmud and his ally, the Karakhanid ruler of Kashgar, Qadir-khan Yusuf. In 1032 Mahmud's successor, Mas'ud struck a new alliance with Qadir-khan Yusuf against 'Ali-tigin, who had recovered his realm shortly after the Ghaznavids had left Transoxiana. Mas'ud ordered Altun Tash to undertake a campaign against 'Ali-tigin, and he dutifully responded, invading Transoxiana. He met up with the Karakhanid army near Bukhara
Bukhara
and engaged them in battle, but was mortally wounded. His lieutenant Ahmad Sirazi was able to conclude a peace with 'Ali-tigin, and shortly afterwards Altun Tash died. Altun Tash never wavered in his loyalty to the Ghaznavids and in 1032 led an army at the battle of Dabusiyya against the Kara-Khanid
Kara-Khanid
ruler, Ali Tigin Bughra Khan.[2] Though he was able to extricate his army from the indecisive battle, Altun died of wounds received in the conflict.[3] Harun was not made Khwarazm- Shah
Shah
following his death, although he was effectively ruler of Khwarazm. Notes[edit]

^ a b c The Political and Dynastic History of the Iranian World, C.E. Bosworth, The Cambridge History of Iran, Vol. 5, Ed. J. A. Boyle, (Cambridge University Press, 1968), 8. ^ The Political and Dynastic History of the Iranian World, C.E. Bosworth, The Cambridge History of Iran, 19. ^ The Ghaznavids, C.E. Bosworth, History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Vol.4, (Unesco, 1998), 108.

References[edit]

"Altuntas." Encyclopaedia Iranica. 18 August 2006. [1] The Cambridge History of Iran: The Saljuq and Mongol Period, Vol. 5, ed. J.A. Boyle, Cambridge University Press, 1968.

Preceded by Muhammad Khwarazm-Shah 1017–1032 Succeeded by Harun

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