Altun Tash (died 1032) was Khwarazm-
Shah from 1017 until his death.
Altun Tash was originally a slave commander serving the Ghaznavid
Sebük Tigin. In 1008 he played a leading role in a battle against
Karakhanids at Sharkhiyan near Balkh, in which the Ghaznavids were
victorious. By 1011 he had been made governor of
Herat by Sebük
Tigin's son, Mahmud.
In 1017 Mahmud conquered
Khwarazm from its Ma'munid rulers, and made
Altun Tash its governor. Altun Tash's tenure as Khwarazm-Shah
consisted of preventing the Oghuz and Qarluqs from making raids into
the region. He also participated in Mahmud's 1025 campaign against the
Karakhanid ruler of Transoxiana, 'Ali-tigin, in which
temporarily occupied, and was present at the meeting between Mahmud
and his ally, the Karakhanid ruler of Kashgar, Qadir-khan Yusuf.
In 1032 Mahmud's successor, Mas'ud struck a new alliance with
Qadir-khan Yusuf against 'Ali-tigin, who had recovered his realm
shortly after the Ghaznavids had left Transoxiana. Mas'ud ordered
Altun Tash to undertake a campaign against 'Ali-tigin, and he
dutifully responded, invading Transoxiana. He met up with the
Karakhanid army near
Bukhara and engaged them in battle, but was
mortally wounded. His lieutenant Ahmad Sirazi was able to conclude a
peace with 'Ali-tigin, and shortly afterwards
Altun Tash died.
Altun Tash never wavered in his loyalty to the Ghaznavids and in 1032
led an army at the battle of Dabusiyya against the
Ali Tigin Bughra Khan. Though he was able to extricate his army
from the indecisive battle, Altun died of wounds received in the
conflict. Harun was not made Khwarazm-
Shah following his death,
although he was effectively ruler of Khwarazm.
^ a b c The Political and Dynastic History of the Iranian World, C.E.
Bosworth, The Cambridge History of Iran, Vol. 5, Ed. J. A. Boyle,
(Cambridge University Press, 1968), 8.
^ The Political and Dynastic History of the Iranian World, C.E.
Bosworth, The Cambridge History of Iran, 19.
^ The Ghaznavids, C.E. Bosworth, History of Civilizations of Central
Asia, Vol.4, (Unesco, 1998), 108.
"Altuntas." Encyclopaedia Iranica. 18 August 2006. 
The Cambridge History of Iran: The Saljuq and Mongol Period, Vol. 5,
ed. J.A. Boyle, Cambridge University Press, 1968.
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