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Alternative Songs (also called Alternative and formerly known as Modern Rock Tracks and Hot Modern Rock Tracks) is a music chart in the United States that has appeared in Billboard magazine since September 10, 1988. It lists the 40 most-played songs on alternative and modern rock radio stations. The chart was introduced as a companion to the Mainstream Rock Tracks chart and its creation was prompted by the explosion of alternative music on American radio in the late 1980s. During the first several years of the chart, it regularly featured music that did not receive commercial radio airplay anywhere but on a few modern rock and college rock radio stations. This included many electronic and post-punk artists. Gradually, as alternative rock became more "mainstream" (particularly spearheaded by the grunge explosion in the early 1990s), the Alternative Songs and Mainstream Rock Songs charts began featuring more of the same songs. However, the formats would differentiate themselves by the late 2000s. Today, the Alternative Songs chart favors more indie rock, indie pop, and synth-pop bands while the Mainstream Rock Songs chart favors more hard rock and heavy metal music. The chart is based solely on radio airplay. As of 2012, approximately 80 radio stations are electronically monitored 24 hours a day, seven days a week by Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems.[1] Songs are ranked by a calculation of the total number of spins per week with its "audience impression", which is based upon exact times of airplay and each station's Arbitron
Arbitron
listener data. The chart had 30 positions when it was introduced in September 1988, and was expanded to 40 positions on September 10, 1994.[2] The chart was renamed Alternative Songs beginning with the June 20, 2009 issue after Billboard fully absorbed Radio & Records, whose similar chart was called "Alternative" instead of "Modern Rock".[3] The first number-one song on the Modern Rock Tracks chart was "Peek-a-Boo" by Siouxsie and the Banshees. The current number-one song, for the issue dated March 31, 2018 is "Live in the Moment" by Portugal. The Man.[4] The Red Hot Chili Peppers
Red Hot Chili Peppers
hold the record for most number-one songs at thirteen, a record they have held since 2016.[5]

Contents

1 History 2 Chart achievements

2.1 Artists with the most number-one songs 2.2 Acts who've reached No. 1 in at least three decades 2.3 Songs that debuted at number one 2.4 Band with the most charted songs 2.5 Songs charting for at least 52 weeks 2.6 Songs with most weeks at number one 2.7 Albums with at least three Alternative Songs number ones

3 Other chart achievements 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit] The first Alternative Songs chart appeared in the September 10, 1988 edition of Billboard magazine, then known as "Modern Rock Tracks".[6] The first song to reach the chart's No. 1 position was Siouxsie and the Banshees' "Peek-a-Boo", which topped the charts for two weeks.[7] In the chart's early years, the chart was closely associated with college rock, new wave, post-punk and electronic genres with a large presence of British, Irish and Australian artists, as only 24 of the chart's first 82 number-one hits were by American acts.[8] Bands including Depeche Mode, Pixies, The Cure, New Order and R.E.M.
R.E.M.
were amongst the most popular acts on Alternative radio in the late 1980s and early 1990s.[8] Many rock artists do not release commercial singles in the United States. Several popular songs which were not released as commercial singles did not qualify for the Hot 100 before December 1998, but performed very well on the Modern Rock Tracks chart. In 1991, with the release of "Smells Like Teen Spirit" by Nirvana (which reached No. 1 on November 23, 1991),[9] grunge became a new form of alternative rock to chart. However, grunge did not have a dominating presence on the chart in its heyday; over time, grunge would grow into popularity as a representation of alternative rock in the mainstream. Iconic grunge songs fared decently on the Alternative Songs chart but better on the Mainstream Rock Songs.[8] For example, "Black" by Pearl Jam
Pearl Jam
peaked only at No. 20 on the former but No. 3 on the latter.[10][11] This was because the college rock and new wave of the 1980s remained the dominant styles of the format, while grunge became an alternative rock style that was popular on the Mainstream Rock format. In the mid-1990s, alternative rock songs began to crossover to Pop radio, with acts such as Green Day, The Offspring
The Offspring
and Alanis Morissette being played on Pop stations after establishing hits on the Alternative chart.[8] Dominant genres included pop punk and softer alternative rock, as grunge acts such as Soundgarden
Soundgarden
and Stone Temple Pilots did not reach No. 1, while Britpop, a form of alternative rock from England, was represented only by Oasis.[8] By the late-1990s, the Alternative Songs chart was ruled by relatively lighter alternative rock bands such as Third Eye Blind, Matchbox Twenty
Matchbox Twenty
and Sugar Ray
Sugar Ray
and a plethora of one-hit wonders.[8][12] At the turn of the century, alternative radio embraced nu-metal/rap rock with bands including Korn, Limp Bizkit
Limp Bizkit
and most famously, Linkin Park. Chris Molanphy of Pitchfork stated that "possibly the most loathed period for music of the last half-century, the rap-rock years-- when looked through the prism of the Modern Rock chart’s evolution-- are a logical endpoint to a decade when alt-culture steadily de-wussified itself."[8] Garage rock from the likes of The White Stripes and The Strokes
The Strokes
also became hits in the early-2000s as a counter to the over-aggression of rap rock.[8] In the mid-2000s, the Alternative charts were ruled at the top by its most dominant members. From 2003 to 2008, the No. 1 song was by either Foo Fighters, Green Day, Incubus, Linkin Park
Linkin Park
or Red Hot Chili Peppers 49% of the time - 152 out of 313 weeks.[8] During this time, classic '90s alternative groups such as Nine Inch Nails
Nine Inch Nails
and Weezer
Weezer
enjoyed their biggest success, while emo (Jimmy Eat World), indie rock (Modest Mouse) and pop punk (Fall Out Boy) also were popular.[8] In 2009, Billboard renamed the chart to "Alternative Songs".[3] In the 2010s, the Alternative charts were led by softer indie pop and folk, and crossed over new acts to pop radio for the first time since the late-'90s; these acts being Foster the People, Imagine Dragons, fun., and Gotye.[8] The chart also began to diverge from the Mainstream Rock chart, as only 10 of 40 songs were shared between the two in November 2012, compared to 23 of 40 in November 2002.[13] Only six bands have charted in all four decades of the chart's existence - Nine Inch Nails, Depeche Mode, Jane's Addiction, Red Hot Chili Peppers, U2 and Beastie Boys.[14] For the chart's 25th anniversary in 2013, Billboard published a list of the 100 biggest hits in the history of the Alternative chart. "Uprising" by Muse was listed at No. 1, having spent 17 weeks on the top of the chart and 53 weeks in total. "Savior" by Rise Against
Rise Against
was listed at No. 2, peaking at #3 but staying on the chart for a record-breaking 65 weeks.[15] Chart achievements[edit] Artists with the most number-one songs[edit] Source: [16]

Red Hot Chili Peppers
Red Hot Chili Peppers
(13) Linkin Park
Linkin Park
(11) Green Day
Green Day
(11) Foo Fighters
Foo Fighters
(10) U2 (8)

Acts who've reached No. 1 in at least three decades[edit] Source: [17]

Beck
Beck
(1990s, 2000s, 2010s) blink-182 (1990s, 2000s, 2010s) Foo Fighters
Foo Fighters
(1990s, 2000s, 2010s) Green Day
Green Day
(1990s, 2000s, 2010s) Red Hot Chili Peppers
Red Hot Chili Peppers
(1990s, 2000s, 2010s) U2 (1980s, 1990s, 2000s)

Songs that debuted at number one[edit]

"What's the Frequency, Kenneth?" by R.E.M.
R.E.M.
(1994)[18] "Dani California" by Red Hot Chili Peppers
Red Hot Chili Peppers
(2006)[19] "What I've Done" by Linkin Park
Linkin Park
(2007)[20]

Band with the most charted songs[edit] Source: [21]

U2 (42) Pearl Jam
Pearl Jam
(38) Red Hot Chili Peppers
Red Hot Chili Peppers
(33) Foo Fighters
Foo Fighters
(33) Green Day
Green Day
(33)

Songs charting for at least 52 weeks[edit]

"Savior" by Rise Against
Rise Against
(65 weeks)[22] "First" by Cold War Kids
Cold War Kids
(64 weeks)[23] "Do I Wanna Know?" by Arctic Monkeys
Arctic Monkeys
(58 weeks)[24] "1901" by Phoenix (57 weeks)[25] "Wish I Knew You" by The Revivalists
The Revivalists
(56 weeks)[26] "Feel It Still" by Portugal. The Man
Portugal. The Man
(53 weeks)[27] "Uprising" by Muse (53 weeks)[28] – Uprising slipped out of the chart the week after its 52nd week, then returned for its 53rd and final week at #10.[29]

Songs with most weeks at number one[edit] Source: [30]

20 weeks

"Feel It Still" – Portugal. The Man
Portugal. The Man
(2017)[31]

19 weeks

"Madness" – Muse (2012–13)

18 weeks

"The Pretender" – Foo Fighters
Foo Fighters
(2007)

17 weeks

"Uprising" – Muse (2009–10)

16 weeks

"Scar Tissue" – Red Hot Chili Peppers
Red Hot Chili Peppers
(1999) "It's Been Awhile" – Staind
Staind
(2001) "Boulevard of Broken Dreams" – Green Day
Green Day
(2004–05)

15 weeks

"Sex and Candy" – Marcy Playground
Marcy Playground
(1997–98) "What I've Done" – Linkin Park
Linkin Park
(2007)

14 weeks

"By the Way" – Red Hot Chili Peppers
Red Hot Chili Peppers
(2002) "Dani California" – Red Hot Chili Peppers
Red Hot Chili Peppers
(2006)

Albums with at least three Alternative Songs number ones[edit] Source:[32]

5 songs

Meteora – Linkin Park
Linkin Park
("Somewhere I Belong," "Faint," "Numb," "Lying from You," "Breaking the Habit," 2003-04)

3 songs

Evolve – Imagine Dragons
Imagine Dragons
("Believer," "Thunder," "Whatever It Takes," 2017-18) Only By the Night – Kings of Leon
Kings of Leon
("Sex on Fire," "Use Somebody," "Notion," 2008-09) Echoes, Silence, Patience & Grace – Foo Fighters
Foo Fighters
("The Pretender," "Long Road to Ruin," "Let It Die," 2007-08) Stadium Arcadium – Red Hot Chili Peppers
Red Hot Chili Peppers
("Dani California," "Tell Me Baby," "Snow ((Hey Oh))," 2006-07) With Teeth – Nine Inch Nails
Nine Inch Nails
("The Hand That Feeds," "Only," "Every Day Is Exactly the Same," 2005-06) American Idiot – Green Day
Green Day
("American Idiot," "Boulevard of Broken Dreams," "Holiday," 2004-05) Californication – Red Hot Chili Peppers
Red Hot Chili Peppers
("Scar Tissue," "Otherside," "Californication," 1999-2000) Jagged Little Pill – Alanis Morissette
Alanis Morissette
("You Oughta Know," "Hand in My Pocket," "Ironic," 1995-96) Dookie – Green Day
Green Day
("Longview," "Basket Case," "When I Come Around," 1994-95) Achtung Baby – U2 ("The Fly," "Mysterious Ways," "One," 1991-92)

Other chart achievements[edit]

Linkin Park's 2003 album Meteora has generated the most number one modern rock hits, with five.[32] The song that has taken the longest time to reach number one is "Out of My League" by Fitz and The Tantrums
Fitz and The Tantrums
(33 weeks)[33] in 2013, followed by "Animal" by Neon Trees
Neon Trees
in 2010 and "Mountain at My Gates" by Foals in 2016 (both 32 weeks), "1901" by Phoenix (31 weeks) in 2010, "Feel Good Drag" by Anberlin
Anberlin
(29 weeks) in 2009, "Wasteland" by 10 Years (27 weeks) in 2006, and "No Roots" by Alice Merton
Alice Merton
(26 weeks) in 2018. Beck
Beck
has had the longest time between number-ones (12 years, 8 months and 2 weeks), with "E-Pro" (2005) and "Up All Night" (2017).[34] Eighteen songs released on an independent record label have reached number one on this chart: "Come Out and Play" by The Offspring, "What It's Like" by Everlast, "Panic Switch" by Silversun Pickups, "1901" by Phoenix, "Lay Me Down" by The Dirty Heads
The Dirty Heads
featuring Rome Ramirez, "Little Lion Man" by Mumford & Sons, "Ho Hey" by The Lumineers, "I Will Wait" by Mumford & Sons, "Do I Wanna Know?" by Arctic Monkeys, "Hollow Moon (Bad Wolf)" by Awolnation, "The Sound of Winter" by Bush, "First" by Cold War Kids, "Ophelia" by The Lumineers, "Bored to Death" by Blink-182, "Take It All Back" by Judah & the Lion, "Cleopatra" by The Lumineers, "No Roots" by Alice Merton, and "Sober Up" by AJR featuring Rivers Cuomo.[35][36] Although Soundgarden's "Black Hole Sun" did not hit number one on the chart where it only peaked at number two on July 2, 1994,[37] it actually became the Modern Rock Tracks year-end number one single of 1994,[38] the only song to do so without ever being number one on the weekly chart. In August 2013, Lorde
Lorde
became the first woman to top the Alternative Songs chart since Tracy Bonham
Tracy Bonham
in 1996 when her song "Royals" reached the top of the chart in August 2013;[39] the second woman to do the same was Elle King
Elle King
with her song "Ex's & Oh's" which reached the top of the chart in September 2015.[40] In September 2013, Lorde surpassed Alanis Morissette
Alanis Morissette
to become the woman with the longest-running single at number one on the Alternative Songs chart when "Royals" spent its sixth week at number one.[41]

See also[edit]

List of number one alternative hits (United States) List of artists who reached number one on the U.S. Modern Rock chart

References[edit]

^ "The charts" (fee required). The Sun Herald. 2005-08-25. Retrieved 2008-01-18.  ^ "Alternative Songs: Top Alternative Songs Chart: September 10, 1994". Billboard.  ^ a b Gary Trust (2009-06-10). "Chart Beat: Pink, Black Eyed Peas, Shinedown". Billboard. Archived from the original on 14 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-13.  ^ "Alternative Songs: Top Alternative Songs Chart". Billboard. Retrieved March 27, 2018.  ^ "Red Hot Chili Peppers' 'Dark Necessities' Only 4th Song to Top Mainstream Rock, Alternative & Adult Alternative Charts". Billboard. Retrieved 2017-08-08.  ^ "Alternative Chart 25th Anniversary: Top 50 Artists, Most Top 10s, Most No. 1s & More". Billboard. Retrieved 2017-08-07.  ^ "Siouxsie & The Banshees". www.popradiotop20.com. Retrieved 2017-08-07.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Radio-Friendly Unit Shifters Pitchfork". pitchfork.com. Retrieved 2017-08-07.  ^ "Nirvana - Chart history Billboard". www.billboard.com. Retrieved 2017-08-07.  ^ " Pearl Jam
Pearl Jam
- Chart history Billboard". www.billboard.com. Retrieved 2017-08-07.  ^ " Pearl Jam
Pearl Jam
- Chart history Billboard". www.billboard.com. Retrieved 2017-08-07.  ^ Hyden, Steven (2013-10-01). "Indie Rock's Tuneful Death Rattle". Grantland. Retrieved 2017-08-08.  ^ "Jangle All The Way: New Acts Soften Alternative Airwaves". Billboard. Retrieved 2017-08-08.  ^ " Nine Inch Nails
Nine Inch Nails
Extend Alternative Songs Streak With 'Less Than'". Billboard. Retrieved 2017-08-08.  ^ "Alternative Chart 25th Anniversary: Top 100 Songs". Billboard. Retrieved 2017-08-08.  ^ Rutherford, Kevin (January 24, 2017). " Green Day
Green Day
Lands 11th No. 1 on Alternative Songs With 'Still Breathing'". Billboard. Retrieved January 28, 2017.  ^ Rutherford, Kevin (7 December 2017). " Beck
Beck
Scores Record-Breaking No. 1 on Alternative Songs with 'Up All Night'". billboard.com. Billboard Magazine. Retrieved 22 January 2018.  ^ "Alternative Songs: Top Alternative Songs Chart September 24, 1994". Billboard. Retrieved 2018-01-22.  ^ "Alternative Songs: Top Alternative Songs Chart April 22, 2006". Billboard. Retrieved 2018-01-22.  ^ "Alternative Songs: Top Alternative Songs Chart April 21, 2007". Billboard. Retrieved 2018-01-22.  ^ "U2's 'You're the Best Thing About Me' Debuts on Rock Charts". Billboard. Retrieved 2017-09-18.  ^ " Rise Against
Rise Against
- Savior - Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved March 21, 2018.  ^ " Cold War Kids
Cold War Kids
- First - Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved March 21, 2018.  ^ " Arctic Monkeys
Arctic Monkeys
- Do I Wanna Know?
Do I Wanna Know?
- Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved March 21, 2018.  ^ "Phoenix - 1901- Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved March 21, 2018.  ^ " The Revivalists
The Revivalists
- Wish I Knew You
Wish I Knew You
- Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved March 21, 2018.  ^ " Portugal. The Man
Portugal. The Man
- Feel It Still
Feel It Still
- Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved March 21, 2018.  ^ "Muse - Uprising - Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved March 21, 2018.  ^ "Alternative Songs, August 28, 2010". Billboard. Retrieved March 21, 2018.  ^ "Muse's 'Madness' Rewrites Record For Longest-Reigning Alternative Songs No. 1". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved February 11, 2013.  ^ "Portugal. The Man's 'Feel It Still' Breaks Record for Most Weeks at No. 1 on Alternative Songs Chart". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. November 28, 2017. Retrieved March 21, 2018.  ^ a b Rutherford, Kevin (13 March 2018). "Imagine Dragons' 'Evolve' Is First Album With 3 Alternative Songs No. 1s This Decade". billboard.com. Billboard Music. Retrieved 15 March 2018.  ^ Trust, Gary (September 30, 2013). "Chart Highlights: Rihanna Returns, Fitz And The Tantrums Rule Rock, Yandel Leads Latin Airplay". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved September 30, 2013.  ^ Rutherford, Kevin (December 7, 2017). " Beck
Beck
Scores Record-Breaking No. 1 on Alternative Songs with 'Up All Night'". Billboard. Retrieved December 8, 2017.  ^ Trust, Gray. "Kenny Chesney Scores A Perfect 10". Billboard. Archived from the original on 28 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-29.  ^ Bush Back Atop Alternative Songs With Self-Released 'The Sound of Winter'. Billboard. Retrieved on 2013-08-25. ^ "Modern Rock Tracks". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media. 106 (27): 102. July 2, 1994. Retrieved June 13, 2013.  ^ Macdonald, Patrick (December 23, 1994). "Music Notes". The Seattle Times. Retrieved June 13, 2013.  ^ " Lorde
Lorde
First Woman in 17 Years to Top Alternative with 'Royals'". Billboard. 16 August 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013.  ^ White, Emily (September 8, 2015). " Elle King
Elle King
Is Just Second Woman to Top Alternative Songs Chart in Two Decades". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved September 9, 2015.  ^ " Lorde
Lorde
Links Longest Alternative Songs Reign By A Woman With 'Royals'". Billboard. 16 September 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2013. 

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