It is likely that Klimaitis was an officer in the Lithuanian Army . During the pre-war years he was editor of the tabloid Dešimt centų (Ten Cents). His attitudes shifted to anti-communism and anti-semitism . He joined the Voldemarininkai movement.
When the Nazi Germans occupied Lithuania in June 1941, at the start
Operation Barbarossa , Klimaitis formed a military unit of roughly
600 members, which was not subordinate to the Lithuanian Activist
Front or the
Provisional Government of Lithuania , and engaged in
firefights with the Soviet army for the control of
On the night of 25–26 June,
Kaunas pogrom led by Klimaitis' unit
was instigated by SS
Franz Walter Stahlecker ,
commanding officer of
Einsatzgruppe A . By 28 June 1941, according to
Stahlecker, 3,800 people had been killed in
After the war, Klimaitis moved to
* ^ In non-Lithuanian texts he is sometimes incorrectly referred to as Jonas Klimaitis. Stahlecker's report did not supply his first name.
* ^ Baltic News * ^ A B C Voren, Robert van (2011). Undigested Past: The Holocaust in Lithuania. On the Boundary of Two Worlds: Identity, Freedom, and Moral Imagination in the Baltics. Rodopi. p. 78. ISBN 9789401200707 . * ^ A B Bubnys, Arūnas (1997). "Vokiečių ir lietuvių saugumo policija (1941–1944) (German and Lithuanian security police: 1941–1944)". Genocidas ir rezistencija (in Lithuanian). I. ISSN 1392-3463 . Retrieved 2006-06-09. * ^ A B C Gitelman, Zvi (1998). Bitter Legacy: Confronting the Holocaust in the USSR. Indiana University Press. pp. 97, 102. ISBN 0-253-33359-8 . * ^ "The Einsatzgruppen: Report by Einsatzgruppe A in the Baltic Countries (October 15, 1941)". Jewish Virtual Library. American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise. Retrieved 2008-08-06. * ^ Milkeraitis, Kęstutis (2007-12-05). "Vestuvių generolai ir Lietuvos saugumas". XXI amžius (in Lithuanian). 90 (1587). ISSN 2029-1299 .
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Victims and resistance
* Kazys Binkis * Alexander Bogen * Josef Glazman * Jay M. Ipson * Zelig Kalmanovich * Abba Kovner * Ephraim Oshry * Karl Plagge * Ona Šimaitė * Chiune Sugihara * Abraham Sutzkever * Elchonon Wasserman * Yitzhak Wittenberg * Jacob Wygodzki * See also: List of Lithuanian Righteous Among the Nations * Songs of the Vilna Ghetto
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