Algiers (Arabic: الجزائر العاصمة (
city), Berber languages: ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻ, French: Alger) is the
capital and largest city of Algeria. In 2011, the city's population
was estimated to be around 3,500,000. An estimate puts the population
of the larger metropolitan city to be around 5,000,000.
located on the
Mediterranean Sea and in the north-central portion of
Sometimes nicknamed El-Behdja (البهجة) or alternatively Alger la
Algiers the White") for the glistening white of its
buildings as seen rising up from the sea,
Algiers is situated on the
west side of a bay of the Mediterranean Sea. The modern part of the
city is built on the level ground by the seashore; the old part, the
ancient city of the deys, climbs the steep hill behind the modern town
and is crowned by the casbah or citadel, 122 metres (400 ft)
above the sea. The casbah and the two quays form a triangle.
2.1 Ottoman rule
2.2 French rule
2.3 Algerian War
2.5 Crisis of the 1990s
3.1 Districts of Algiers
5 Local architecture
9 Tourist installations
11 Public transport
12 Province projects
13.1 Football clubs
14 International relations
14.1 Twin towns – Sister cities
14.2 Cooperation agreements
15 Films about Algiers
16 See also
The city name is derived (via French Alger and Catalan Alger) from
the Arabic name الجزائر al-Jazā’ir, which translates as "The
Islands", referring to the four islands which used to lie off the
city's coast until becoming part of the mainland in 1525.
Al-Jazā’ir is itself a truncated form of the city's older name
جزائر بني مزغانة Jaza'ir Bani Mazghana, "The Islands of
the Sons of Mazghana", used by early medieval geographers such as
al-Idrisi and Yaqut al-Hamawi.
See also: Timeline of Algiers
A Phoenician commercial outpost called Ikosim which later developed
into a small Roman town called
Icosium existed on what is now the
marine quarter of the city. The rue de la Marine follows the lines of
what used to be a Roman street. Roman cemeteries existed near
Bab-el-Oued and Bab Azoun. The city was given Latin rights by Emperor
Vespasian. The bishops of
Icosium are mentioned as late as the 5th
The present-day city was founded in 944 by
Bologhine ibn Ziri, the
founder of the Berber Zirid–
Sanhaja dynasty. He had earlier (935)
built his own house and a
Sanhaja center at Ashir, just south of
Algiers. Although his
Zirid dynasty was overthrown by Roger II of
Sicily in 1148, the Zirids had already lost control of
their cousins the Hammadids in 1014. The city was wrested from the
Hammadids by the
Almohads in 1159, and in the 13th century came under
the dominion of the
Ziyanid sultans of Tlemcen. Nominally part of the
sultanate of Tlemcen,
Algiers had a large measure of independence
under amirs of its own due to
Oran being the chief seaport of the
The Peñón of Algiers, an islet in front of
Algiers harbour had been
occupied by the Spaniards as early as 1302. Thereafter, a considerable
amount of trade began to flow between
Algiers and Spain. However,
Algiers continued to be of comparatively little importance until after
the expulsion of the
Moors from Spain, many of whom sought asylum in
the city. In 1510, following their occupation of
Oran and other towns
on the coast of Africa, the Spaniards fortified the islet of Peñon
and imposed a levy intended to suppress corsair activity.
Abraham Duquesne delivering Christian captives in
Algiers after the
bombing in 1683.
In 1516, the amir of Algiers, Selim b. Teumi, invited the corsair
Aruj and Hayreddin Barbarossa to expel the Spaniards. Aruj
came to Algiers, ordered the assassination of Selim, and seized the
town and ousted the Spanish in the Capture of
Aruj after the latter was killed in battle
against the Spaniards in the Fall of
Tlemcen (1517), was the founder
of the pashaluk, which subsequently became the beylik, of Algeria.
Algiers in 1524 but regained it with the Capture of
Algiers (1529), and then formally invited the Sultan Suleiman the
Magnificent to accept sovereignty over the territory and to annex
Algiers to the Ottoman Empire.
Historic map of
Algiers by Piri Reis
Algiers from this time became the chief seat of the Barbary pirates.
In October 1541 in the
Algiers expedition, the King of
Spain and Holy
Roman Emperor Charles V sought to capture the city, but a storm
destroyed a great number of his ships, and his army of some 30,000,
chiefly made up of Spaniards, was defeated by the Algerians under
their Pasha, Hassan.
The bombardment of
Algiers by Lord Exmouth, August 1816, painted by
Ornate Ottoman cannon found in
Algiers on 8 October 1581 by Ca'fer
el-Mu'allim. Length: 385 cm, cal:178 mm, weight:
2910 kg, stone projectile. Seized by
France during the invasion
Algiers in 1830. Musée de l'Armée, Paris.
Formally part of the
Ottoman Empire but essentially free from Ottoman
control, starting in the 16th century
Algiers turned to piracy and
ransoming. Due to its location on the periphery of both the Ottoman
and European economic spheres, and depending for its existence on a
Mediterranean that was increasingly controlled by European shipping,
backed by European navies, piracy became the primary economic
activity. Repeated attempts were made by various nations to subdue the
pirates that disturbed shipping in the western Mediterranean and
engaged in slave raids as far north as Iceland. The United States
fought two wars (the First and Second Barbary Wars) over Algiers'
attacks on shipping.
Among the notable people held for ransom was the future Spanish
novelist Miguel de Cervantes, who was captive in
Algiers almost five
years, and who wrote two plays set in
Algiers of the period. The
primary source for knowledge of
Algiers of this period, since there
are no contemporary local sources, is the Topografía e historia
general de Argel (1612, but written earlier), published by Diego de
Haedo, but whose authorship is disputed. This work describes in
detail the city, the behavior of its inhabitants, and its military
defenses, with the unsuccessful hope of facilitating an attack by
Spain so as to end the piracy.
A significant number of renegades lived in
Algiers at the time,
Christians converted voluntarily to Islam, many fleeing the law or
other problems at home. Once converted to Islam, they were safe in
Algiers. Many occupied positions of authority, such as Samson Rowlie,
an Englishman who became Treasurer of Algiers.
The city under Ottoman control was enclosed by a wall on all sides,
including along the seafront. In this wall, five gates allowed access
to the city, with five roads from each gate dividing the city and
meeting in front of the Ketchaoua Mosque. In 1556, a citadel was
constructed at the highest point in the wall. A major road running
north to south divided the city in two: The upper city (al-Gabal, or
'the mountain') which consisted of about fifty small quarters of
Andalusian, Jewish, Moorish and Kabyle communities, and the lower city
(al-Wata, or 'the plains') which was the administrative, military and
commercial centre of the city, mostly inhabited by Turkish dignitaries
and other upper-class families.
In August 1816, the city was bombarded by a British squadron under
Lord Exmouth (a descendant of Thomas Pellew, taken in an Algerian
slave raid in 1715), assisted by Dutch men-of-war,
destroying the corsair fleet harboured in Algiers.
Algiers depot and station grounds of Algerian Railway, 1894
The history of
Algiers from 1830 to 1962 is bound to the larger
Algeria and its relationship to France. On July 4, 1830,
under the pretext of an affront to the French consul—whom the dey
had hit with a fly-whisk when the consul said the French government
was not prepared to pay its large outstanding debts to two Algerian
merchants—a French army under General de Bourmont attacked the city
in the 1830 invasion of Algiers. The city capitulated the following
Algiers became the capital of French Algeria.
Many Europeans settled in Algiers, and by the early 20th century they
formed a majority of the city's population. During the 1930s, the
Le Corbusier drew up plans for a complete redesign of the
Le Corbusier was highly critical of the urban style of
Algiers, describing the European district as "nothing but crumbling
walls and devastated nature, the whole a sullied blot". He also
criticised the difference in living standards he perceived between the
European and African residents of the city, describing a situation in
which "the 'civilised' live like rats in holes" whereas "the
'barbarians' live in solitude, in well-being". However, these
plans were ultimately ignored by the French administration.
During World War II,
Algiers was the first city to be seized from the
Germans by the Allies during Operation Torch.
City and harbour of Algiers, c. 1921
In 1962, after a bloody independence struggle in which hundreds of
thousands (estimates range between 350,000 and 1,500,000) died (mostly
Algerians but also French and Pieds-Noirs) during fighting between the
French Army and the Algerian Front de Libération Nationale, Algeria
gained its independence, with
Algiers as its capital. Since then,
despite losing its entire pied-noir population, the city has expanded
massively. It now has about five million inhabitants, or 10 percent of
Algeria's population—and its suburbs now cover most of the
surrounding Mitidja plain.
The "tense truce" between Algerian rebels, French army and the OAS in
Algiers also played a pivotal role in the
Algerian War (1954–1962),
particularly during the Battle of
Algiers when the 10th Parachute
Division of the French Army, starting on January 7, 1957, and on the
orders of the French Minister of Justice
François Mitterrand (who
authorized any means "to eliminate the insurrectionists"[citation
needed]), led attacks against the Algerian fighters for independence.
Algiers remains marked by this battle, which was characterized by
merciless fighting between FLN forces which carried out a guerrilla
campaign against the French military and police and pro-French
Algerian soldiers, and the
French Army which responded with a bloody
repression, torture and blanket terrorism against the native
population. The demonstrations of May 13 during the crisis of 1958
provoked the fall of the Fourth
Republic in France, as well as the
return of General de Gaulle to power.
Algeria achieved independence on July 5, 1962. Run by the FLN that had
Algiers became a member of Non-Aligned Movement
during the Cold War. In October 1988, one year before the fall of the
Algiers was the site of demonstrations demanding the end
of the single-party system and the creation of a real democracy
baptized the "Spring of Algier". The demonstrators were repressed by
the authorities (more than 300 dead), but the movement constituted a
turning point in the political history of modern Algeria. In 1989, a
new constitution was adopted that put an end to the one-party rule and
saw the creation of more than fifty political parties, as well as
official freedom of the press.
Crisis of the 1990s
The city became the theatre of many political demonstrations of all
descriptions until 1993. In 1991, a political entity dominated by
religious conservatives called the
Islamic Salvation Front
Islamic Salvation Front engaged in
a political test of wills with the authorities. In the 1992 elections
for the Algerian National Assembly, the Islamists garnered a large
amount of support in the first round, helped by a massive abstention
from disillusioned Algerian voters by the turn of events. Fearing an
eventual win by the Islamists, the army canceled the election process,
setting off a civil war between the State and armed religious
conservatives which would last for a decade.
On December 11, 2007, two car bombs exploded in Algiers. One bomb
targeted two United Nations buildings and the other targeted a
government building housing the Supreme Court. The death toll was at
least 62, with over two hundred injured in the attacks. However,
only 26 remained hospitalized the following day. As of
2008[update], it is speculated that the attack was carried out by the
Al Qaida cell within the city.
Indigenous terrorist groups have been actively operating in Algeria
since around 2002.
Districts of Algiers
Notre Dame d'Afrique, built by European settlers in 1872
Casbah (of Al Qasbah, “the Citadel”), Ier District of Algiers:
called Al-Djazaïr Al Mahroussa (“Well Kept Algiers”), it is
founded on the ruins of old Icosium. It is a small city which, built
on a hill, goes down towards the sea, divided in two: the High city
and the Low city. One finds there masonries and mosques of the 17th
century; Ketchaoua mosque (built in 1794 by the
Dey Baba Hassan)
flanked by two minarets, mosque el Djedid (built in 1660, at the time
of Turkish regency) with its large finished ovoid cupola points some
and its four coupolettes, mosque El Kébir (oldest of the mosques, it
was built by
Almoravid Youssef Ibn Tachfin and rebuilt later in 1794),
mosque Ali Betchnin (Raïs, 1623), Dar Aziza, palate of Jénina. In
the Kasbah, there are also labyrinths of lanes and houses that are
very picturesque, and if one gets lost there, it is enough to go down
again towards the sea to reposition oneself.
Bab El Oued: Literally the River's Gate, the popular district which
extends from the
Casbah beyond "the gate of the river". It is the
capital's darling and best liked borough. Famous for its square with
“the three clocks” and for its “market Triplet”, it is also a
district of workshops and manufacturing plants.
Edge of sea: from 1840, the architects Pierre-August Guiauchain and
Charles Frédéric Chassériau
Charles Frédéric Chassériau designed new buildings apart from the
Casbah, town hall, law courts, buildings, theatre, palace of the
Governor, and casino, to form an elegant walk bordered by arcades
which is today the boulevard
Che Guevara (formerly the Boulevard of
Kouba (will daira of Hussein-dey): Kouba is an old village which was
absorbed by the expansion of the town of Algiers. Of village, Kouba
quickly developed under the French colonial era then continued growing
due to formidable demographic expansion that
Algiers saw after the
Algeria in 1962. It is today a district of Algiers
which is largely made up of houses, villas and buildings not exceeding
El Harrach, a suburb of Algiers, is located about 10 kilometres (6
miles) to the east of the city.
The communes of Hydra, Ben Aknoun,
Bouzareah form what the
Algiers call the heights of Algiers. These communes
shelter the majority of the foreign embassies of Algiers, of many
ministries and university centers, which makes it one of the
administrative and policy centers of the country.
The Didouche Mourad street is located in the 3rd district Of Algiers.
It extends from the Grande Post office to the Heights of Algiers. It
crosses in particular the place Audin, the Faculty of Algiers, The
Crowned Heart and the park of Galland. It is bordered by smart stores
and restaurants along most of its length. It is regarded as the heart
of the capital.
Astronautical view of Algiers
Algiers has a
Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification
Csa). Its proximity to the
Mediterranean Sea aids in moderating the
city's temperatures. As a result,
Algiers usually does not see the
extreme temperatures that are experienced in the adjacent interior
Algiers on average receives roughly 600 millimetres
(24 in) of rain per year, the bulk of which is seen between
October and April. The precipitation is very similar to coastal
Spain as opposed to the interior North African arid
Snow is very rare; in 2012, the city received 10 centimetres
(3.9 in), its first snowfall in eight years.
Climate data for
Dar El Beïda
Dar El Beïda international airport)
1976–2005 averages, extremes 1838–present
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Mean daily sunshine hours
World Meteorological Organization
World Meteorological Organization (average temperatures and
Source #2: Arab Meteorology Book (humidity and sun), Meteo Climat
(record highs and lows)
Algiers politics and administration (fr) and List of mayors
There are many public buildings of interest, including the whole
Kasbah quarter, Martyrs Square (Sahat ech-Chouhada ساحة
الشهداء), the government offices (formerly the British
consulate), the "Grand", "New", and Ketchaoua Mosques, the Roman
Catholic cathedral of Notre Dame d'Afrique, the Bardo Museum (a former
Turkish mansion), the old Bibliothèque Nationale d'Alger—a Turkish
palace built in 1799–1800—and the new National Library, built
in a style reminiscent of the British Library.
The main building in the
Kasbah was begun in 1516 on the site of an
older building, and served as the palace of the deys until the French
conquest. A road has been cut through the centre of the building, the
mosque turned into barracks, and the hall of audience allowed to fall
into ruin. There still remain a minaret and some marble arches and
columns. Traces exist of the vaults in which were stored the treasures
of the dey.
Mosque (Jamaa-el-Kebir الجامع الكبير) is the
oldest mosque in Algiers. It was first built by Yusuf ibn Tashfin, but
reconstructed many times. The pulpit (minbar منبر) bears an
inscription showing that the building existed in 1097. The minaret was
built by the sultan of Tlemcen, in 1324. The interior of the
mosque is square and is divided into aisles by columns joined by
Mosque (Jamaa-el-Jedid الجامع الجديد), dating from
the 17th century, is in the form of a Greek cross, surmounted by a
large white cupola, with four small cupolas at the corners. The
minaret is 27 metres (89 ft) high. The interior resembles that of
the Grand Mosque.
The church of the Holy Trinity (built in 1870) stands at the southern
end of the rue d'Isly near the site of the demolished Fort Bab Azoun
باب عزون. The interior is richly decorated with various
coloured marbles. Many of these marbles contain memorial inscriptions
relating to the British residents (voluntary and involuntary) of
Algiers from the time of John Tipton, the first English consul, in
1580 (NB Some sources give 1585). One tablet records that in 1631 two
Algerine pirate crews landed in Ireland, sacked Baltimore, and
enslaved its inhabitants.
The Ketchaoua Mosque
The Ketchaoua mosque (Djamaa Ketchaoua جامع كتشاوة), at the
foot of the Casbah, was before independence in 1962 the cathedral of
St Philippe, itself made in 1845 from a mosque dating from 1612. The
principal entrance, reached by a flight of 23 steps, is ornamented
with a portico supported by four black-veined marble columns. The roof
of the nave is of Moorish plaster work. It rests on a series of
arcades supported by white marble columns. Several of these columns
belonged to the original mosque. In one of the chapels was a tomb
containing the bones of San Geronimo. The building seems a curious
blend of Moorish and Byzantine styles.
Algiers possesses a college with schools of law, medicine, science and
letters. The college buildings are large and handsome. The Bardo
Tunisia holds some of the ancient sculptures and mosaics
discovered in Algeria, together with medals and Algerian money.
The port of
Algiers is sheltered from all winds. There are two
harbours, both artificial—the old or northern harbour and the
southern or Agha harbour. The northern harbour covers an area of 95
hectares (235 acres). An opening in the south jetty affords an
entrance into Agha harbour, constructed in Agha Bay. Agha harbour has
also an independent entrance on its southern side. The inner harbour
was begun in 1518 by
Khair-ad-Din Barbarossa (see History, below),
who, to accommodated his pirate vessels, caused the island on which
was Fort Penon to be connected with the mainland by a mole. The
lighthouse which occupies the site of Fort Penon was built in
Algiers was a walled city from the time of the deys until the close of
the 19th century. The French, after their occupation of the city
(1830), built a rampart, parapet and ditch, with two terminal forts,
Bab Azoun باب عزون to the south and
Bab-el-Oued اد to the
north. The forts and part of the ramparts were demolished at the
beginning of the 20th century, when a line of forts occupying the
Bouzareah بوزريعة (at an elevation of 396 metres
(1,299 ft) above the sea) took their place.
Notre Dame d'Afrique, a church built (1858–1872) in a mixture of the
Roman and Byzantine styles, is conspicuously situated overlooking the
sea, on the shoulder of the
Bouzareah hills, 3 km (2 mi) to
the north of the city. Above the altar is a statue of the Virgin
depicted as a black woman. The church also contains a solid silver
statue of the archangel Michael, belonging to the confraternity of
Villa Abd-el-Tif, former residence of the dey, was used during the
French period, to accommodate French artists, chiefly painters, and
winners of the Abd-el-Tif prize, among whom Maurice Boitel, for a
while of two years. Nowadays, Algerian artists are back in the villa's
The Monument of the Martyrs (Maquam E’chahid)
Grand Post Office
Notre Dame d'Afrique, accessible by one cable car, is one of the
city's most outstanding monuments: located in the district of Z' will
ghara, the basilica was built around 1858.
Monument des Martyrs
Monument des Martyrs (Marquand E' chahid): an iconic concrete monument
commemorating the Algerian war for independence. The monument was
opened in 1982 on the 20th anniversary of Algeria's independence. It
is fashioned in the shape of three standing palm leaves which shelter
the "Eternal Flame" beneath. At the edge of each palm leaf stands a
statue of a soldier, each representing a stage of Algeria's struggle.
The El Jedid mosque at the Place des Martyrs
The El Jedid mosque at the Place des Martyrs near the port.
Place of the Emir Abdelkader (formerly Bugeaud): in memory of the
famous emir Abd El-Kader, resistant during French conquest of Algeria.
Grand Post Office (1910, by Voinot and Tondoire): construction of the
neo-Moorish type which is in full centre town of Algiers.
The Jardin d'essai (Garden of Test; El-Hamma): situated in the east of
Algiers, it extends over 80 hectares (198 acres) and contains exotic
plants and gardens. It was created in 1832 by A. Hardy.
Villa Abd-el-Hair, with the top of the Garden of test, one of the old
residences of the dey, where until 1962, were placed the artists
prizes winner of Price Abd-el-Hair, and in particular Maurice Boitel
and Andre Hamburg.
Riadh El-Feth (shopping centre and art gallery).
Ketchaoua Mosque (This mosque became the Saint-Philippe cathedral
during colonization before becoming again a mosque).
National Library, is in the district of El HAMMA and was built in the
Algiers at the Rue de la Marine. It is the oldest
Algiers and was built during the reign of the Almoravid
sultan Yusuf ibn Tashfin.
Le Bastion 23 - Palais des Rais, built in 1576 by
Dey Ramdhan Pacha
and located in the lower
Casbah in the
Bab El Oued
Bab El Oued neighborhood.
Algiers has a population of about 3,335,418(2012 estimate).
The ethnic distribution is 53% from an Arabic-speaking background, 44%
from a Berber-speaking background and 3% foreign-born.
1940 – 300,000 people lived in Algiers.
1960 – 900,000 people lived in Algiers.
1963 – 600,000 people lived in Algiers.
"Centre Commercial Al Qods" in Algiers
Ministry of Finance of Algeria
Algiers is an important economic, commercial and financial center,
with in particular a stock exchange with a capitalisation of 60
million euros. The city has the highest cost of living of any city in
North Africa, as well as the 50th highest worldwide, as of March 2007,
having gained one position compared to the previous year.
Mohamed Ben Ali El Abbar, president of the Council of Administration
of the Emirate Group EMAAR, presented five "megaprojects" to Algerian
President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, during a ceremony which took place
Saturday, July 15, within the Palace of the People of Algiers. These
projects will transform the city of
Algiers and its surroundings by
equipping them with a retail area and restoration and leisure
The first project will concentrate on the reorganization and the
development of the infrastructures of the railway station "Aga"
located in the downtown area. The ultramodern station intended to
accommodate more than 80.000 passengers per day, will become a center
of circulation in the heart of the grid system, surrounded by
commercial offices and buildings and hotels intended for travelers in
transit. A shopping centre and three high-rise office buildings rising
with the top of the commercial zone will accompany the project.
The second project will not relate to the bay of
Algiers and aims to
revitalize the sea front. The development of the 44 km
(27 mi) sea front will include marinas, channels, luxury hotels,
offices, apartments of great standing, luxury stores and leisure
amenities. A crescent-shaped peninsula will be set up on the open sea.
The project of the bay of
Algiers will also comprise six small
islands, of which four of round form, connected to each other by
bridges and marinas and will include tourist and residential
Air Algérie head office in Place Audin near the University of
Algiers, in Alger-Centre
The third project will relate to restructuring an area of Algiers,
qualified by the originators of the project of "city of wellness". El
Abbar indicated to the journalists that the complex would be
"agreeable for all those which will want to combine tourism and
well-being or tourism and relaxation". The complex will include a
university, a research center and a medical centre. It should also
include a hospital complex, a care centre, a hotel zone, an urban
centre and a thermal spa with villas and apartments. The university
will include a medical school and a school for care male nurses which
will be able to accommodate 500 students. The university campus will
have the possibility of seeing setting up broad ranges of buildings of
research laboratories and residences.
Another project relates to technological implantation of a campus in
Sidi Abdellah, 25 km (16 mi) south-east from Algiers. This
90 hectares (222 acres) site will include shopping centres,
residential zones with high standard apartments and a golf course
surrounded by villas and hotels. Two other residential zones,
including 1.800 apartments and 40 high standard villas, will be built
on the surrounding hills.
The fifth project is that of the tourist complex Colonel Abbès, which
will be located 25 km (16 mi) west from Algiers. This
complex will include several retail zones, meeting places, and
residential zones composed of apartments and villas with views of the
Currently there is another project under construction, by the name of
Algiers Medina. The first step of the project is nearly complete.
Hewlett Packard office for French-speaking countries in
Africa is in
Panorama of the city as seen from
Some 20 km (12 mi) to the west of
Algiers are such seaside
resorts as Sidi Fredj (ex-Sidi Ferruch), Palm Beach, Douaouda,
Zéralda, and the Club of the Pines (residence of State); there are
tourist complexes, Algerian and other restaurants, souvenir shops,
supervised beaches, and other amenities. The city is also equipped
with important hotel complexes such as the hotel Hilton, El-Aurassi or
Algiers also has the first water park in the country. The
Algiers is growing but is not as developed as that of the
larger cities in
Morocco or Tunisia.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January
International schools for foreign residents include:
Lycée International Alexandre Dumas
Lycée International Alexandre Dumas (French school)
Roma Italian School of Algiers
Russian Embassy School in Algiers
El Kalimat School (English-language school)
There was formerly the École japonaise d'Alger
(アルジェ日本人学校 Aruje Nihonjin Gakkō), a school for
Public transport of Algiers
ETUSA (urban and suburban bus transportation for Algiers) operates bus
Algiers and the surrounding suburbs. 54 lines are currently
operating, with service from 5:30 a.m. to 12:45 a.m.
SNTF (national railroad company) operates commuter-rail lines
connecting the capital to the surrounding suburbs.
Algiers Metro, opened November 1, 2011.
Algiers tramway, opened on May 8, 2011.
Houari Boumediene Airport
Houari Boumediene Airport is located 20 km (12 mi) from the
city. The airport serves domestics, many European cities, West Africa,
the Middle East,
Asia and North America. On July 5, 2006, a new
international air terminal was opened for service. The terminal is
managed by Aéroports de Paris.
4 urban ropeways:
El Madania – Belouizdad
Notre Dame d’Afrique – Bologhine
Memorial des Martyres/Riad el Feth – Jardin d’essais
Palais de la culture – Oued Kniss
Several ongoing projects aim to solve
Algiers deficit and
transportation problems. A tram connecting the downtown area to
Dergana is expected to open by the end of 2010. Subway lines
connecting Tafourah-Large Harrach Post office-El were expected in
2008, in addition to three Regional Express Network (RER) lines:
Algiers-Aga-Thenia, Algiers-Aga-Elafroun, Algiers-Aga-Zeralda. Three
new cable cars, reconstruction of roads and restoration of the city
station—which will accommodate the
High-speed rail line connecting
Algiers and Oran—are also ongoing. Congestion control
measures including new roundabouts and motorways are also being added
to the city.
New residential developments aim to solve
Algiers current housing
Algiers is the sporting centre of Algeria. The city has a number of
professional clubs in the variety of sports, which have won national
and international titles. Among the sports facilities within the city,
there is an enormous sporting complex – Complex of OCO – Mohamed
Boudiaf. This includes the
Stade 5 Juillet 1962
Stade 5 Juillet 1962 (capacity 80,000), a
venue for athletics, an Olympic swimming pool, a multisports room (the
Cupola), an 18-hole golf course, and several tennis courts.
The following major sporting events have been held in Algiers
Mediterranean Games 1975.
Africa Games 1978, 2007.
African Cup of Nations
African Cup of Nations 1990.
African Handball Nations Championship
African Handball Nations Championship 1989, 2001.
Pan Arab Games
Pan Arab Games 2004.
Africa Championship 2005.
Men's U19 World Championship 2005.
Major association football club based in
NA Hussein Dey
USM El Harrach
OMR El Annasser
JH Djazaïr (now defunct)
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See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Algeria
Twin towns – Sister cities
Algiers is twinned with:
Pyongyang, North Korea
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
London, United Kingdom
São Paulo, Brazil
Indonesia (Since 2011)
Algiers has cooperation agreements with:
In addition, many of the wards and cities within
sister-city relationships with other foreign cities.
Films about Algiers
Algiers, 1938, directed by John Cromwell;
The Battle of Algiers, 1966, directed by Gillo Pontecorvo;
Tahya ya Didou, Alger Insolite, 1970, Mohammed Zinet;
Bab El-Oued City, 1994, directed by Merzak Allouache;
Viva Laldjérie, 2003, directed by Nadir Moknèche, with
Bab el Web, 2004, directed by Merzak Allouache, with Samy Naceri,
Julie Gayet, Faudel;
Once upon a time in the Oued, 2005, directed by Djamel Bensalah;
Beur, White, Red, 2005, directed by Mahmoud Zemmouri.
Delice Paloma, 2007, directed by Nadir Moknèche, with
Abbott and Costello in the Foreign Legion, 1950, Bud Abbott and Lou
Botanical Garden Hamma
List of Ottoman governors of Algiers
This article incorporates text from a publication now in
the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Algiers".
Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
This article was originally based on a translation of the French
Wikipedia's article of the same name.
^ "Population of the city proper according to the 2008 census".
Citypopulation.de. Archived from the original on 15 June 2010.
^ a b "UN World Urbanization Prospects". Esa.un.org. Archived from the
original on 2009-12-23. Retrieved 2010-06-27.
^ Chisholm 1911, p. 653.
^ Origins of
Algiers by Louis Leschi, speech delivered June 16, 1941
published in El Djezair Sheets, July 1941 History of
^ a b c d e f Chisholm 1911, p. 655.
^ Ruedy, John Douglas (2005) Modern Algeria: The origins and
development of a nation Indiana University Press, Bloomington, Indiana
page 13, ISBN 978-0-253-21782-0
^ Celik, Zeynep, Urban Forms and Colonial Confrontations: Algiers
Under French Rule, University of California Press, 1997, p. 13.
^ "Tyrkjaránið – Heimaslóð" (in Icelandic). Heimaslod.is.
^ Daniel Eisenberg, Cervantes, autor de la Topografía e historia
general de Argel publicada por Diego de Haedo, Cervantes: Bulletin of
the Cervantes Society of America 16.1 (1996): 32–53,
11/22/2014. Others have disputed Eisenberg's attribution of the work
^ Daniel Eisenberg, "“¿Por qué volvió Cervantes de Argel?" ("Why
Did Cervantes return from Algiers?", in Ingeniosa invención: Essays
on Golden Age Spanish Literature for Geoffrey L. Stagg in Honor of his
Eighty-Fifth Birthday, Newark, Delaware: Juan de la Cuesta, 1999,
dead link]. 241–253,
^ "The First Muslims in England - BBC News". BBC News. Retrieved
^ Celik, Zeynep, Urban Forms and Colonial Confrontations: Algiers
Under French Rule, University of California Press, 1997, pp. 13–14.
^ Albert Habib Hourani, Malise Ruthven (2002). "A history of the Arab
peoples". Harvard University Press. p.323. ISBN 0-674-01017-5
^ Celik, Zeynep, Urban Forms and Colonial Confrontations: Algiers
Under French Rule, University of California Press, 1997, p. 5.
^ "Les autorités accusent al-Qaïda". RFI. Archived from the original
on 13 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-11.
^ "Toll in
Algiers bombings rises to 31". Associated Press. Archived
from the original on 2007-12-14. Retrieved 2007-12-12.
^ "Al Qaeda blamed for
Algeria bombs". CNN. 2007-12-12. Archived from
the original on 12 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-11.
Notre Dame d'Afrique
Notre Dame d'Afrique and Carmelite Convent, Algiers, Algeria".
World Digital Library. 1899. Retrieved 2013-09-25.
^ Balmforth, Richard (4 February 2012). "European Chill Moves West,
122 Die in Ukraine". Reuters.
^ "World Weather Information Service–Algiers". World Meteorological
Organization. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
^ "Appendix I: Meteorological Data" (PDF). Springer. Retrieved 16
^ "Station Alger" (in French). Meteo Climat. Retrieved 16 October
^ a b c d e f g h i Chisholm 1911, p. 654.
^ "Fountain in
Mosque of El Kebir, Algiers, Algeria". World Digital
Library. 1899. Retrieved 2013-09-24.
Algiers in the World Gazetteer". World-gazetteer.com. Retrieved
^ "MERCER Human Resources Consulting –
Moscow tops Mercer's cost of
London is close behind". Mercerhr.com. Archived from the
original on 1 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-27.
^ "HP Office locations". Welcome.hp.com. Retrieved 2010-06-27.
^ Kobori, Iwao (Conseiller aupres del'Universite des Nations Unies).
"L'Algerie et moi" ( Archived 2015-01-16 at WebCite). Japan-Algeria
Center. Retrieved on 16 January 2015.
^ "過去に指定・認定していた在外教育施設" ( Archived
2015-01-14 at WebCite). Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports,
Science and Technology. Retrieved on January 15, 2015.
Tram testing starts in Alger". Railway Gazette. 2010. Retrieved
^ "Anniversary of sister-city relations". KCNA. 6 January 2000.
Archived from the original on 8 September 2017. Retrieved 3 December
^ "Sherlock, banque d'information de la Ville de Montréal".
1.ville.montreal.qc.ca. Archived from the original on 2009-02-23.
^ "Lisboa – Geminações de Cidades e Vilas" [
Lisbon – Twinning of
Cities and Towns]. Associação Nacional de Municípios Portugueses
[National Association of Portuguese Municipalities] (in Portuguese).
^ "Acordos de Geminação, de Cooperação e/ou Amizade da Cidade de
Lisbon – Twinning Agreements, Cooperation and Friendship].
Camara Municipal de Lisboa (in Portuguese). Archived from the original
on 2013-10-31. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
^ "Friendship and cooperation agreements". Paris: Marie de Paris.
Archived from the original on 2016-07-01. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
See also: Bibliography of the history of Algiers
Nacéra Benseddik, Chronique d’une cité antique, dans Alger.
Lumières sur la ville, Actes du colloque de l’EPAU 4–6 May 2001,
Alger 2004, p. 29–34.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Algiers.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Algiers.
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