Jean Alexandre Joseph Falguière (also given as Jean-Joseph-Alexandre
Falguière, or in short Alexandre Falguière) (7 September
1831 – 20 April 1900) was a French sculptor and painter.
2 See also
4 External links
Falguière's Victor of the Cockfight, book engraving c. 1900, with
Falguière was born in Toulouse. A pupil of the École des
Beaux-Arts, he won the
Prix de Rome
Prix de Rome in 1859; he was awarded the medal
of honor at the
Paris Salon in 1868 and was appointed Officer of the
Legion of Honor in 1878.
Falguière's first bronze statue of importance was Le Vainqueur au
Combat de Coqs (Victor of the Cockfight) (1864), and
Christian Boy-Martyr followed in 1867; both were exhibited in the
Luxembourg Museum and are now in the Musée d'Orsay. His more
important monuments are those to
Admiral Courbet (1890) at Abbeville
and the famous Joan of Arc. Other works include Eve (1880), Diana
(1882 and 1891), Woman and Peacock (a. k. a. Juno and The Peacock),
and The Poet, astride his
Pegasus spreading wings for flight. He
sculpted The Dancer, based on
Cléo de Mérode
Cléo de Mérode which today is also in
the Musée d'Orsay. In 1870 he helped create the snow sculpture, La
statue de la Résistance.
To these works should be added his monuments to
Cardinal Lavigerie and
to General de La Fayette (in Washington, DC), and his statues of
Alphonse de Lamartine
Alphonse de Lamartine (1876) and St
Vincent de Paul
Vincent de Paul (1879), as well as
the Honoré de Balzac, which he executed for the Société des gens de
lettres on their rejection of that by Auguste Rodin; and the busts of
Ernest Alexandre Honoré Coquelin
Ernest Alexandre Honoré Coquelin (1896).
Falguière was a painter as well as a sculptor, but somewhat inferior
in merit. He displays a fine sense of colour and tone, added to the
qualities of life and vigour that he instils into his plastic work.
His Wrestlers (1875) and Fan and Dagger (1882; a defiant Spanish
woman) were in the Luxembourg, and other pictures of importance are
The Beheading of St
John the Baptist
John the Baptist (1877), The
Sphinx (1883), Acis
and Galatea (1885), Old Woman and Child (1886) and In the Bull
Falguière also taught; among his students were Francis Edwin Elwell,
Ernest Henri Dubois, Julien Caussé, Laurent Marqueste, Henri Crenier
and Théophile Barrau.
Falguière became a member of the
Institut de France
Institut de France (Académie des
Beaux-Arts) in 1882.
Falguière died in Paris in 1900 and was interred there in the Père
Lachaise Cemetery, where his monument is by his pupil Marqueste.
Léonce Bénédite (biographer)
List of works by Alexandre Falguière
This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain
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^ a b c d e One or more of the preceding
sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public
domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Falguière, Jean Alexandre
Joseph". Encyclopædia Britannica. 10 (11th ed.). Cambridge University
Press. p. 147.
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 October 2006.
Retrieved 28 November 2006.
^ Eckstein, Bob. "The Revolution of 1870: The Snowman's French Roll".
The History of the Snowman. ISBN 978-1-4169-4066-1.
Media related to
Alexandre Falguière at Wikimedia Commons
Works by or about
Alexandre Falguière at Internet Archive
(in French) Insecula: index to pages displaying Falguière's work (it
may be necessary to close an advertising window to view this page)
Alexandre Falguière in American public collections, on the French
Sculpture Census website
ISNI: 0000 0000 6654 4001
BNF: cb14005799r (data)