The Info List - Aleksander Tõnisson

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Russo-Japanese war World War I Estonian War of Independence

Battle of Krivasoo

Awards Cross of Liberty

Aleksander Tõnisson
Aleksander Tõnisson
VR I/1 (April 17, 1875 – June 30, 1941) was an Estonian military commander (Major General) during the Estonian War of Independence. In 1899 he graduated from Vilnius Military Academy. Tõnisson participated in Russo-Japanese war
Russo-Japanese war
and in World War I. In 1917 he participated in formation of Estonian national units and as commander of 1st Estonian regiment participated in battles at Riga front. In 1918 he escaped from German occupation to Finland, returned in autumn and became commander of 1st Division of Estonia. During Estonian Liberation War Tõnisson fought successfully at Viru Front. After war he served twice as minister of defence, in 1934 he retired from military and was mayor of Tartu
1934–1939 and Lord Mayor (ülemlinnapea) of Tallinn
1939–1940. In 1940 Soviet occupation authorities arrested Tõnisson and executed him the following year. Honours and awards[edit]

Order of St. Vladimir, 4th class; for distinguished service Cross of Liberty, first-class, first degree. Commander of the Order of the Cross of the Eagle

See also[edit]

Estonian War of Independence


Ülo Kaevats et al. 2000. Eesti entsüklopeedia 14. Tallinn: Eesti Entsüklopeediakirjastus, ISBN 9985-70-064-3

Political offices

Preceded by August Hanko Minister of War 1920 Succeeded by Ants Piip

Preceded by August Kerem Minister of Defence 1932–1933 Succeeded by August Kerem

Preceded by Hans Ainson Mayor
of Tartu 1934–1939 Succeeded by Robert Sinka

Preceded by Jaan Soots Lord Mayor
of Tallinn 1939–1940 Succeeded by Aleksander Kiidelmaa

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 23241