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The Info List - Alaska Day


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Alaska Day is a legal holiday in the U.S. state of Alaska, observed on October 18.[1] It is the anniversary of the formal transfer of the Territory of Alaska from Russia to the United States, which occurred on Friday, October 18, 1867.

Contents

1 Background 2 Observance 3 Protest 4 References

Background[edit] On March 30, 1867, the United States purchased Alaska from the Russian Empire for the sum of $7.2 million.[2] It was not until October of that year that the commissioners arrived in Sitka and the formal transfer was arranged. The formal flag-raising took place at Fort Sitka on October 18, 1867. The original ceremony included 250 uniformed U.S. soldiers, who marched to the governor's house at "Castle Hill". Here the Russian troops lowered the Russian flag and the U.S. flag was raised.[citation needed] The official account of the affair as presented by General Lovell Rousseau to Secretary of State William H. Seward:

... The troops being promptly formed, were, at precisely half past three o'clock, brought to a 'present arms', the signal given to the Ossipee ... which was to fire the salute, and the ceremony was begun by lowering the Russian flag ... The United States flag ... was properly attached and began its ascent, hoisted by my private secretary [and son], George Lovell Rousseau, and again salutes were fired as before, the Russian water battery leading off. The flag was so hoisted that in the instant it reached its place the report of the big gun of the Ossipee reverberated from the mountains around ... Captain Pestchouroff stepped up to me and said, 'General Rousseau, by authority from his Majesty the Emperor of Russia, I transfer to the United States the Territory of Alaska' and in a few words I acknowledged the acceptance of the transfer, and the ceremony was at an end."[1]

Due to the 11-hour time difference between Sitka and St. Petersburg, and the fact that Russia still used the Julian calendar, the date is sometimes given as Saturday, 7 October.[citation needed] Observance[edit] Alaska's territorial legislature declared Alaska Day a holiday in 1917. It is a paid holiday for state employees.[3][4] The official celebration is held in Sitka, where schools release students early, many businesses close for the day, and events such as a parade and reenactment of the flag raising are held. It should not be confused with Seward's Day, the last Monday in March, which commemorates the signing of the treaty for the Alaska Purchase in which the U.S. purchased Alaska from Russia on March 30, 1867.[citation needed] Protest[edit] Alaska Day is protested[5] by Alaska Native people who view the holiday as an uncritical celebration of the violence used to take their land away[6][7] and a confirmation of colonial aggression.[8] References[edit]

^ a b Finkenbinder, Maria (2012). "Alaska Day Festival". Shelter Cove Publishing. Retrieved October 18, 2014.  ^ "Treaty with Russia for the Purchase of Alaska". Library of Congress. April 18, 2012. Archived from the original on March 29, 2015. Retrieved October 18, 2014.  ^ "Happy Alaska Day, Great Land!". Alaska Dispatch. October 18, 2011. Retrieved October 18, 2014.  ^ "State Calendar". Alaska Department of Administration. 2011. Retrieved October 18, 2014.  ^ Russell, Emily (26 October 2016). "Alaska Day Dilemma: celebrating history without colonialism". KCAW News. Sitka, United States: KCAW. Retrieved 17 October 2017.  ^ Gibson, Sarah (18 October 2017). "Clans Give Views On Events of 1867". Sitka Sentinel (subscription required). Sitka, United States. Retrieved 17 October 2017.  ^ Kwong, Emily (17 October 2017). "150 years in the making, Kiks.ádi gather to commemorate loss of land". KCAW News. Sitka, United States: KCAW. Retrieved 17 October 2017.  ^ Kwong, Emily (24 November 2017). "Indigenous voices call for a new kind of Alaska Day". KCAW News. Sitka, United States: KCAW. Retrieved 24 November 2017. 

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Holidays, observances, and celebrations in the United States

January

New Year's Day (federal) Martin Luther King Jr. Day (federal)

Confederate Heroes Day (TX) Fred Korematsu Day (CA, FL, HI, VA) Idaho Human Rights Day (ID) Inauguration Day (federal quadrennial, DC area) Kansas Day (KS) Lee–Jackson Day (formerly Lee–Jackson–King Day) (VA) Robert E. Lee Day (FL) Stephen Foster Memorial Day (36) The Eighth (LA, former federal)

January–February

Super Bowl Sunday

February American Heart Month Black History Month

Washington's Birthday/Presidents' Day (federal) Valentine's Day

Georgia Day (GA) Groundhog Day Lincoln's Birthday (CA, CT, IL, IN, MO, NJ, NY, WV) National Girls and Women in Sports Day National Freedom Day (36) Primary Election Day (WI) Ronald Reagan Day (CA) Rosa Parks Day (CA, MO) Susan B. Anthony Day (CA, FL, NY, WI, WV, proposed federal)

February–March

Mardi Gras

Ash Wednesday (religious) Courir de Mardi Gras (religious) Super Tuesday

March Irish-American Heritage Month National Colon Cancer Awareness Month Women's History Month

St. Patrick's Day (religious) Spring break (week)

Casimir Pulaski Day (IL) Cesar Chavez Day (CA, CO, TX, proposed federal) Evacuation Day (Suffolk County, MA) Harriet Tubman Day (NY) Holi (NY, religious) Mardi Gras (AL (in two counties), LA) Maryland Day (MD) National Poison Prevention Week (week) Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole Day (HI) Saint Joseph's Day (religious) Seward's Day (AK) Texas Independence Day (TX) Town Meeting Day (VT)

March–April

Easter (religious)

Palm Sunday (religious) Passover (religious) Good Friday (CT, NC, PR, religious) Easter Monday (religious)

April Confederate History Month

420 Day April Fools' Day Arbor Day Confederate Memorial Day (AL, MS) Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust (week) Earth Day Emancipation Day (DC) Thomas Jefferson's Birthday (AL) Pascua Florida (FL) Patriots' Day (MA, ME) San Jacinto Day (TX) Siblings Day Walpurgis Night (religious)

May Asian Pacific American Heritage Month Jewish American Heritage Month

Memorial Day (federal) Mother's Day (36) Cinco de Mayo

Harvey Milk Day (CA) Law Day (36) Loyalty Day (36) Malcolm X Day (CA, IL, proposed federal) May Day Military Spouse Day National Day of Prayer (36) National Defense Transportation Day (36) National Maritime Day (36) Peace Officers Memorial Day (36) Truman Day (MO)

June Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Pride Month

Father's Day (36)

Bunker Hill Day (Suffolk County, MA) Carolina Day (SC) Emancipation Day In Texas / Juneteenth (TX) Flag Day (36, proposed federal) Helen Keller Day (PA) Honor America Days (3 weeks) Jefferson Davis Day (AL, FL) Kamehameha Day (HI) Odunde Festival (Philadelphia, PA) Senior Week (week) West Virginia Day (WV)

July

Independence Day (federal)

Lā Hoʻihoʻi Ea (HI, unofficial) Parents' Day (36) Pioneer Day (UT)

July–August

Summer vacation

August

American Family Day (AZ) Barack Obama Day (IL) Bennington Battle Day (VT) Hawaii Admission Day / Statehood Day (HI) Lyndon Baines Johnson Day (TX) National Aviation Day (36) Service Reduction Day (MD) Victory over Japan Day (RI, former federal) Women's Equality Day (36)

September Prostate Cancer Awareness Month

Labor Day (federal)

California Admission Day (CA) Carl Garner Federal Lands Cleanup Day (36) Constitution Day (36) Constitution Week (week) Defenders Day (MD) Gold Star Mother's Day (36) National Grandparents Day (36) National Payroll Week (week) Native American Day (CA, TN, proposed federal) Patriot Day (36)

September–October Hispanic Heritage Month

Oktoberfest

Rosh Hashanah (religious) Yom Kippur (religious)

October Breast Cancer Awareness Month Disability Employment Awareness Month Filipino American History Month LGBT History Month

Columbus Day (federal) Halloween

Alaska Day (AK) Child Health Day (36) General Pulaski Memorial Day German-American Day Indigenous Peoples' Day (VT) International Day of Non-Violence Leif Erikson Day (36) Missouri Day (MO) National School Lunch Week Native American Day (SD) Nevada Day (NV) Sweetest Day White Cane Safety Day (36)

October–November

Diwali (religious)

November Native American Indian Heritage Month

Veterans Day (federal) Thanksgiving (federal)

Day after Thanksgiving (24) Election Day (CA, DE, HI, KY, MT, NJ, NY, OH, PR, WV, proposed federal) Family Day (NV) Hanukkah (religious) Lā Kūʻokoʻa (HI, unofficial) Native American Heritage Day (MD, WA) Obama Day (Perry County, AL)

December

Christmas (religious, federal)

Alabama Day (AL) Christmas Eve (KY, NC, SC) Day after Christmas (KY, NC, SC, TX) Festivus Hanukkah (religious, week) Indiana Day (IN) Kwanzaa (religious, week) National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day (36) New Year's Eve Pan American Aviation Day (36) Rosa Parks Day (OH, OR) Wright Brothers Day (36)

Varies (year round)

Eid al-Adha (religious) Eid al-Fitr (religious) Ramadan (religious, month)

Legend: (federal) = federal holidays, (state) = state holidays, (religious) = religious holidays, (week) = weeklong holidays, (month) = monthlong holidays, (36) = Title 36 Observances and Ceremonies Bold indicates major holidays commonly celebrated in the United States, which often represent the major celebrations of the month. See also: Lists of holidays, Hallmark holidays, public holidays in the United States, New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico and the United Stat

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