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The Info List - Alapaha River





The Alapaha River
River
/əˈlæpəhɑː/ is a 202-mile-long (325 km)[1] river in southern Georgia and northern Florida
Florida
in the United States. It is a tributary of the Suwannee River, which flows to the Gulf of Mexico.

Contents

1 History 2 Course 3 Intermittent river 4 Variant names 5 Crossings

5.1 Georgia 5.2 Florida

6 References 7 External links

History[edit] The Hernando de Soto expedition narrative records mention a "Yupaha" village they encountered after they left Apalachee, "the sound of which is suggestive of the Alapaha, a tributary of the Suwanee."[2] Another reference to a village of "Atapaha" "so closely resembles Alapaha that it is reasonable to suppose they are the same, and that the town was on the river of that name."[3] John Reed Swanton's landmark Indian Tribes of North America places the Indian village of Alapaha near where the Alapaha River
River
met the Suwanee, and also noted that an Indian village of "Arapaja" was 70 leagues from St. Augustine, Florida, probably on the Alapaha River.[4] In the 1840s a German travel writer, Friedrich Gerstäcker
Friedrich Gerstäcker
wrote a dime novel called Alapaha, or the Renegades of the Border, giving the name to a noble Cherokee "squaw." A translation of this novel was published in the 1870s as #67 in a series of American narratives published by Beadle.[5] During the American Civil War, the swamps along the Alapaha River
River
in Berrien, Irwin, and Echols counties became a refuge for a number of gangs of Confederate deserters.[6] Course[edit] The Alapaha River
River
rises in southeastern Dooly County, Georgia, and flows generally southeastwardly through or along the boundaries of Crisp, Wilcox, Turner, Ben Hill, Irwin, Tift, Berrien, Atkinson, Lanier, Lowndes and Echols Counties in Georgia, and Hamilton County in Florida, where it flows into the Suwannee River
River
10 miles (16 km) southwest of Jasper. Along its course it passes the Georgia towns of Rebecca, Alapaha, Willacoochee, Lakeland, and Statenville. Near Willacoochee, Georgia, the Alapaha collects the Willacoochee River. In Florida, it collects the Alapahoochee River
River
and the short Little Alapaha River, which rises in Echols County, Georgia, and flows southwestward. Intermittent river[edit] The Alapaha River
River
is an intermittent river for part of its course. During periods of low volume, the river disappears underground and becomes a subterranean river. At approximately 2.3 miles (3.7 km) downstream from Jennings, Florida
Florida
the Dead River
River
enters the Alapaha River. It is a usually dry river bed with a number of sinkholes, including the Dead River
River
Sink. During periods of low water flow, the Alapaha River
River
downstream from the confluence of the Dead River
River
and the Alapaha River
River
flows upstream into the Dead River.

The Dead River
River
Sink

A few more miles downstream is a second sinkhole variously known as the Alapaha River
River
Sink, Suck Hole, or the Devil's Den on the western bank of the river. At the latter point during the periods of low water flow, the Alapaha River
River
disappears underground leaving a dry bank for much of the remainder of its course. The Alapaha River
River
later reappears at the Alapaha River
River
Rise, which is about a half mile upstream from the confluence of the Alapaha River
River
and the Suwanee River (30°26′46″N 83°05′51″W / 30.446044°N 83.097483°W / 30.446044; -83.097483). During a period of low rainfall over 11 miles (18 km) of the riverbed can be dry as the river goes underground.

Image of the entire surface water flow of the Alapaha River
River
near Jennings, Florida
Florida
going into a sinkhole leading to the Floridan Aquifer groundwater.

Variant names[edit] The United States
United States
Board on Geographic Names settled on "Alapaha River" as the stream's name in 1891. According to the Geographic Names Information System, it has also been known as:

Alabaha River Alapa Haw River Alapa Hawchu River Alla-pa-ha River Allallehaw River Allapacoochee River Allapaha River

Allapauhau River Allaphaw River Allappaha River Allopohaw River Alloppehaw River Alopaha River Elapaha River

Lappahaw River Lop Haw River Lopaha River Lopahatchy River Loppahaw River Low Haw River Popaha River

Crossings[edit]

Crossing Carries Image Location ID number Coordinates

Georgia[edit]

Griffin Road

32°01′27″N 83°36′37″W / 32.0243°N 83.6103°W / 32.0243; -83.6103

Buzzard Bridge Willford Crossing Road

32°01′27″N 83°36′37″W / 32.0243°N 83.6103°W / 32.0243; -83.6103

County Line Road

32°01′11″N 83°36′37″W / 32.0198°N 83.6103°W / 32.0198; -83.6103

Seville Road

32°00′32″N 83°36′06″W / 32.0089°N 83.6016°W / 32.0089; -83.6016

Seville Road

32°00′32″N 83°36′06″W / 32.0089°N 83.6016°W / 32.0089; -83.6016

Seville-Pleasantview Road

31°59′50″N 83°35′27″W / 31.9973°N 83.5908°W / 31.9973; -83.5908

Old Cordele Road

31°59′07″N 83°34′40″W / 31.9853°N 83.5778°W / 31.9853; -83.5778

Flowers Road

31°58′39″N 83°34′34″W / 31.9775°N 83.5761°W / 31.9775; -83.5761

Watson Road

31°58′01″N 83°34′38″W / 31.9670°N 83.5771°W / 31.9670; -83.5771

Dowley Road

31°56′52″N 83°33′37″W / 31.9478°N 83.5604°W / 31.9478; -83.5604

Rail bridge CSX Transportation Line formerly known as Savannah, Americus and Montgomery Railway

31°56′52″N 83°33′37″W / 31.9478°N 83.5604°W / 31.9478; -83.5604

US 280 SR 30

Pitts, Georgia
Pitts, Georgia
to Seville, Georgia

31°55′52″N 83°33′10″W / 31.9312°N 83.5527°W / 31.9312; -83.5527

Highway later replaced by SR 159

31°55′52″N 83°33′10″W / 31.9312°N 83.5527°W / 31.9312; -83.5527

SR 159

31°55′49″N 83°33′07″W / 31.9303°N 83.5519°W / 31.9303; -83.5519

Hawkinsville and Florida
Florida
Southern Railway (Abandoned 1920s)

31°55′24″N 83°32′43″W / 31.9234°N 83.5453°W / 31.9234; -83.5453

SR 112

31°51′31″N 83°28′47″W / 31.8587°N 83.4797°W / 31.8587; -83.4797

Jay Calhoun Road

31°51′31″N 83°28′47″W / 31.8587°N 83.4797°W / 31.8587; -83.4797

SR 90

Rebecca, Georgia

31°46′17″N 83°27′17″W / 31.7714°N 83.4547°W / 31.7714; -83.4547

Rail bridge CSX Transportation Line formerly known as Atlanta, Birmingham and Atlantic Railway

31°46′17″N 83°27′17″W / 31.7714°N 83.4547°W / 31.7714; -83.4547

Hawkinsville and Florida
Florida
Southern Railway (Abandoned since before the 1920s)

31°46′17″N 83°27′17″W / 31.7714°N 83.4547°W / 31.7714; -83.4547

SR 107

31°41′24″N 83°27′41″W / 31.6899°N 83.4615°W / 31.6899; -83.4615

Walker Ford

31°41′24″N 83°27′41″W / 31.6899°N 83.4615°W / 31.6899; -83.4615

Flat Ford

31°40′53″N 83°27′44″W / 31.6814°N 83.4621°W / 31.6814; -83.4621

Crystal Lake Road

31°40′38″N 83°27′37″W / 31.6772°N 83.4602°W / 31.6772; -83.4602

SR 125 SR 132

31°31′58″N 83°23′56″W / 31.5327°N 83.3989°W / 31.5327; -83.3989

Tifton and Northeastern Railroad (Line abandoned in the 1960s, defunct)

31°32′59″N 83°24′54″W / 31.5497°N 83.4151°W / 31.5497; -83.4151

Lennon Bridge US 319 SR 35

31°31′58″N 83°23′56″W / 31.5327°N 83.3989°W / 31.5327; -83.3989

5 Bridge Road

31°28′45″N 83°20′41″W / 31.4791°N 83.3447°W / 31.4791; -83.3447

McMillan Bridge US 129 SR 11

31°25′49″N 83°14′44″W / 31.4303°N 83.2456°W / 31.4303; -83.2456

Sgt. James E. Jones Memorial Bridge US 82 SR 50

31°22′17″N 83°10′17″W / 31.3714°N 83.1713°W / 31.3714; -83.1713

Rail bridge CSX Transportation Line formally known as the Brunswick and Albany Railroad

31°22′17″N 83°10′17″W / 31.3714°N 83.1713°W / 31.3714; -83.1713

PVT. George W. Lee Memorial Bridge SR 135

31°18′11″N 83°03′12″W / 31.302988°N 83.053354°W / 31.302988; -83.053354

Norfolk Southern Railway Line formerly known as Ocilla, Pinebloom and Valdosta Railroad

31°03′14″N 83°02′23″W / 31.053811°N 83.039627°W / 31.053811; -83.039627

Mud Creek Bridge SR 168 SR 64

31°09′25″N 83°02′22″W / 31.156844°N 83.039514°W / 31.156844; -83.039514

Waycross and Western Railroad (Closed 1925, defunct)

31°03′14″N 83°02′23″W / 31.053811°N 83.039627°W / 31.053811; -83.039627

Knight's Bridge

Captain Henry Will Jones Bridge US 129 SR 11

Lakeland, Georgia
Lakeland, Georgia
to Homerville, Georgia

31°02′46″N 83°02′36″W / 31.046217°N 83.043361°W / 31.046217; -83.043361

Carters Ferry/Bridge (Defunct)

Lakeland, Georgia
Lakeland, Georgia
to Magnolia, Georgia.

Hotchkiss Bridge Old State Road/Old River/Hotchiss Road (Built 1895, defunct)

30°56′11″N 83°02′26″W / 30.936513°N 83.040614°W / 30.936513; -83.040614

US 84 SR 38

Naylor, Georgia
Naylor, Georgia
to Stockton, Georgia

30°55′28″N 83°02′14″W / 30.924563°N 83.037216°W / 30.924563; -83.037216

Rail bridge CSX Transportation Line formerly known as the Atlantic and Gulf Railroad (1856–79)

30°55′27″N 83°02′13″W / 30.924074°N 83.036841°W / 30.924074; -83.036841

Lee Bridge (Defunct)

30°51′30″N 83°01′25″W / 30.858398°N 83.023588°W / 30.858398; -83.023588

Howells Ferry/Bridge Howell Road (Old route, defunct)

Mayday, Georgia

30°49′43″N 83°01′07″W / 30.828749°N 83.018640°W / 30.828749; -83.018640

Howell Road

Mayday, Georgia

30°49′41″N 83°01′07″W / 30.828193°N 83.018549°W / 30.828193; -83.018549

Rail bridge Norfolk Southern Railway Line formerly known as the Atlantic, Valdosta and Western Railway

Mayday, Georgia

30°49′37″N 83°01′06″W / 30.826888°N 83.018458°W / 30.826888; -83.018458

Formally the location of Troublesome Ford SR 94

Statenville, Georgia

30°42′14″N 83°01′58″W / 30.703908°N 83.032683°W / 30.703908; -83.032683

Florida[edit]

SR 150

Jennings, Florida
Florida
to Jasper, Florida

30°35′54″N 83°04′24″W / 30.598471°N 83.073230°W / 30.598471; -83.073230

Rail bridge Norfolk Southern Railway Line formerly known as Georgia Southern and Florida
Florida
Railway

30°35′53″N 83°04′24″W / 30.598135°N 83.073226°W / 30.598135; -83.073226

NW 14th Terrace (Defunct)

30°35′37″N 83°03′55″W / 30.593586°N 83.065301°W / 30.593586; -83.065301

US 41

Jennings, Florida
Florida
to Jasper, Florida

30°31′44″N 83°02′18″W / 30.528814°N 83.038319°W / 30.528814; -83.038319

Interstate 75

30°29′57″N 83°02′27″W / 30.499170°N 83.040930°W / 30.499170; -83.040930

(Defunct)

30°27′12″N 83°05′22″W / 30.453340°N 83.089351°W / 30.453340; -83.089351

SW County Road 751

Alapaha River
River
Rise

30°26′55″N 83°05′49″W / 30.448605°N 83.096923°W / 30.448605; -83.096923

References[edit]

^ U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map Archived 2012-04-05 at WebCite, accessed April 18, 2011 ^ George Ransford Fairbanks, History of Florida
Florida
from its discovery by Ponce de Leon, in 1512 to the close of the Florida
Florida
War in 1842. Philadelphia: J.P. Lippincott & Co., 1871, p. 60. ^ Fairbanks, p. 76. ^ John Reed Swanton, Indian Tribes of North America, p. 147. ^ Alapaha, the squaw or, The renegades of the border [WorldCat.org] ^ "Disgraceful". Albany Patriot. Albany, Georgia. 23 February 1865. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alapaha River.

Columbia Gazetteer of North America entry DeLorme (2003). Georgia Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-253-6. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Alapaha River U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Little Alapaha River Underground: The Alapaha River
River
as an Intermittent River

v t e

Significant waterways of Florida

Larger rivers

Alapaha Apalachicola Aucilla Blackwater Caloosahatchee Chattahoochee Chipola Choctawhatchee Econlockhatchee Escambia Hillsborough Indian River Kissimmee Myakka Ochlockonee Ocklawaha Pea Peace Perdido Santa Fe St. Johns St. Marys Suwannee Withlacoochee (North) Withlacoochee (South) Yellow

Lakes

Apopka Crescent Blue Cypress East Tohopekaliga George Harney Harris Iamonia Istokpoga Jackson Jesup Kissimmee Manatee Miccosukee Monroe Okeechobee Poinsett Rodman Rousseau Seminole Talquin Tohopekaliga Tsala Apopka Ward Washington Weir

Smaller rivers

Alafia Alapahoochee Anclote Banana River Braden Carrabelle Chassahowitzka Crooked Crystal Dead East East Bay Eau Gallie Econfina Estero Homosassa Hontoon Dead Ichetucknee Imperial Little (Biscayne Bay) Little (Ochlockonee) Little Econlockhatchee Little Manatee Little Wekiva Loxahatchee Manatee Matanzas Miami Mosquito Lagoon New (Broward) New (Carabelle) New (Santa Fe) Oleta Orange Pithlachascotee Rainbow Ribault Shark Silver Sopchoppy St. Lucie St. Marks St. Sebastian Steinhatchee Tomoka Trout Waccasassa Wacissa Wakulla Weeki Wachee Wekiva

Creeks and streams

Billy's Black Blackwater (Hillsborough) Blackwater (Lake) Crane Cross Econfina Fisheating Myakkahatchee Orange Pottsburg Shingle Snapper Turkey

Canals

Canaveral Barge Canal Cross Florida
Florida
Barge Canal Haulover Canal Hillsboro Canal Miami Canal Mud Lake Canal St. Johns-Indian River
River
Barge Canal Tamiami Canal Tampa Bypass Canal

See also

Coastal waters of Florida Everglades Intracoastal Waterway Indian River
River
Lagoon List of Florida
Florida
rivers List of major springs in Florida Okeechobee Waterway Okefenokee Swamp Outstanding Florida
Florida
Waters Paynes Prairie

v t e

Significant waterways of Georgia

Larger rivers

Alapaha Alcovy Altamaha Apalachee Aucilla Broad Chattahoochee Chattooga (Coosa River) Chattooga (Tugaloo River) Canoochee Conasauga Coosa Etowah Flint Hiwassee Little (Oconee River) Little (Savannah River) Little (Withlacoochee River) Little Tallapoosa Little Tennessee Nottely Ochlockonee Ocmulgee Oconee Ogeechee River Ohoopee Satilla Savannah South (Ocmulgee River) St. Marys Suwannee Tallapoosa Toccoa Towaliga Withlacoochee Yellow

Lakes

Allatoona Blackshear Burton Carters Chatuge Chehaw George W. Andrews Goat Rock Harding Hartwell Jackson Lanier Nottely Oconee Oliver Rabun Richard B. Russell Seminole Sinclair Strom Thurmond Tugalo Walter F. George West Point

Smaller rivers

Alabaha Alapahoochee Black (Okefenokee Swamp) Cartecay Coleman Coosawattee Dog Ellijay Hudson Jacks Jerico Little (Etowah River) Little Ochlockonee Little Ogeechee (Hancock County) Little Satilla (Satilla River) Mulberry River New (Chattahoochee River) New (Withlacoochee River) Oostanaula Soque South Newport Tallulah Tugaloo Willacoochee

Tidal rivers

Bear Belfast Broro Brunswick Buffalo Bull Chestatee Crescent Crooked Cumberland Darien Duplin Frederica Halfmoon Hampton Herb Laurel View Little Ogechee (Chatham County) Little Satilla (Atlantic Ocean) Mackay Medway Mud North (Darien River) North (St. Marys River) North Newport Odingsell Sapelo Shad Skidaway Sope Tivoli Turtle Vernon Wilmington

Creeks and streams

Alligator (Little Ocmulgee River) Big Satilla Ebenezer Ichawaynochaway Kettle Kinchafoonee Little Satilla Muckalee Noonday Okapilco Peachtree Rocky Comfort Spring (Flint River) Suwannoochee Sweetwater (Chattahoochee River) Tobesofkee Williamson Swamp

Canals

Augusta Canal Brunswick–Altamaha canal Savannah–Ogeechee Canal Suwannee Canal

See also

Intracoastal Waterway Okefenokee Swamp List of Georgia rivers

Coordinates: 30°26′12″N 83°05′47″W / 30.4366062°N 83.0965262°W / 30.4366062;

.