Mosque (Classical Arabic: ٱلْـمَـسْـجِـدُ
ٱلـنَّـبَـوِيّ, Al-Masjidun-Nabawiyy; Modern Standard
اَلـنَّـبَـوِي, Al-Masjid An-Nabawī) is a mosque
established and originally built by the Islamic prophet Muhammad,
situated in the city of
Medina in the Hejazi region of Saudi Arabia.
It was the third mosque built in the history of Islam,[a] and is now
one of the largest mosques in the world. It is the second-holiest site
in Islam, after the Great
Mosque in Mecca. It is always open,
regardless of date or time.
The site was originally adjacent to Muhammad's house; he settled there
after his migration from
Medina in 622 CE. He shared in the
heavy work of construction. The original mosque was an open-air
building. The mosque served as a community center, a court, and a
religious school. There was a raised platform for the people who
taught the Quran. Subsequent Islamic rulers greatly expanded and
decorated it. In 1909, it became the first place in the Arabian
Peninsula to be provided with electrical lights. The mosque is
under the control of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques. The mosque
is located in what was traditionally the center of Medina, with many
hotels and old markets nearby. It is a major pilgrimage site. Many
pilgrims who perform the
Hajj go on to
Medina to visit the mosque, due
to its connection to Muhammad.
After an expansion during the reign of the Umayyad caliph al-Walid I,
it now incorporates the final resting place of
Muhammad and the first
two Rashidun caliphs
Abu Bakr and Umar. One of the most notable
features of the site is the
Green Dome in the south-east corner of the
mosque, originally Aisha's house, where the tomb of Muhammad
is located. In 1279, a wooden cupola was built over the tomb which was
later rebuilt and renovated multiple times in late 15th century and
once in 1817. The current dome was added in 1818 by the Ottoman sultan
Mahmud II, and it was first painted green in 1837, hence becoming
known as the "Green Dome".
1.1 Early days
1.2 Middle years
2.2 Green Dome
3 See also
6 Bibliography and further reading
7 External links
Part of a series on
Life in Mecca
Migration to Medina
Life in Medina
Milestones and records
Conquest of Mecca
Isra and Mi'raj
Splitting of the moon
Miracles of Muhammad
Hadith (Pen and Paper)
Muhammad in the Bible
Mosque of the prophet
View of Masjid-e-Nabawi Gate 21, 22
The mosque was built by
Muhammad in 622, after his arrival in the city
of Medina. Riding on a camel called Qaswa he arrived at the place
where this mosque was built. The land was owned by Sahal and Suhayl,
partly as a place for drying dates, and at one end had been previously
used as a burial ground. Refusing to "accept the land as a gift",
he bought the land and it took seven months to complete the
construction of the mosque. It measured 30.5 m
× 35.62 m (100.1 ft × 116.9 ft). The
roof which was supported by palm trunks was made of beaten clay and
palm leaves. It was at a height of 3.60 m (11.8 ft). The
three doors of the mosque were Bab-al-Rahmah to the south,
Jibril to the west and Babal-Nisa to the east.
After the Battle of Khaybar, the mosque was "enlarged". The mosque
extended for 47.32 m (155.2 ft) on each side and three rows
of columns were built beside the west wall, which became the place of
praying. The mosque remained unaltered during the reign of the
first Rashidun caliph Abu Bakr. The second caliph
all the houses around the mosque except that of
Muhammad's wives to
expand it. The new mosque's dimensions became 57.49 m
× 66.14 m (188.6 ft × 217.0 ft). Sun-dried
mud bricks were used to construct the walls of the enclosure. Besides
strewing pebbles on the floor, the roof's height was increased to
5.6 m (18 ft).
Umar moreover constructed three more gates
for entrance. He also added the Al-Butayha for people to recite
The third caliph
Uthman demolished the mosque in 649. Ten months were
spent in building the new rectangular shaped mosque whose face was
turned towards the
Kaaba in Mecca. The new mosque measured
81.40 m × 62.58 m (267.1 ft
× 205.3 ft). The number of gates as well as their names
remained the same. The enclosure walls were made of stones laid in
mortar. The palm trunk columns were replaced by stone columns which
were joined by iron clamps.
Teakwood was used in reconstructing the
Al-Masjid an-Nabawi during the Ottoman Era, 19th Century
In 707, Umayyad caliph Al-Walid ibn Abd al-Malik renovated the mosque.
It took three years for the work to be completed. Raw materials were
procured from the Byzantine Empire. The area of the mosque was
increased from 5094 sq. metre of Uthman's time to 8672 sq metre. A
wall was built to segregate the mosque and the houses of the wives of
Muhammad. The mosque was reconstructed in a trapezoid shape with a
length of 101.76 metres (333.9 ft). For the first time, porticoes
were built in the mosque connecting the northern part of the structure
to the sanctuary. For the first time, minarets were built in
he constructed four minarets around it.
Al-Mahdi extended the mosque to the north by 50 metres
(160 ft). His name was also inscribed on the walls of the mosque.
He also planned to remove six steps to the minbar, but abandoned this
idea, owing to this causing damage of the woods on which they were
built. According to an inscription of Ibn Qutaybah, the third
Al-Mamun did "unspecified work" on the mosque. Al-Mutawakkil
lined the enclosure of Muhammad's tomb with marble. Al-Ashraf
Qansuh al-Ghawri built a dome of stone over his grave in 1476.
The Green Dome, in Richard Francis Burton's Pilgrimage, ca. 1850 CE.
The Rawdah (referred to as al-Rawdah al-Mutaharah), covered by the
dome over the south-east corner of the mosque, was constructed in
1817C.E. during the reign of Sultan Mahmud II. The dome was painted
green in 1837 C.E. and came to be known as the "Green Dome".
The Sultan Abdul Majid I took thirteen years to rebuild the mosque,
which started in 1849. Red stone bricks were used as the main
material in reconstruction of the mosque. The floor area of the mosque
was increased by 1293 square metre. On the walls, verses from the
Quran were inscribed in Islamic calligraphy. In the northern side of
the mosque, a madrasah was built for "teaching Quranic lessons".
When Saud bin Abdul-Aziz took
Medina in 1805, his followers, the
Wahhabis, demolished nearly every tomb dome in
Medina in order to
prevent their veneration, and the
Green Dome is said to have
narrowly escaped the same fate. They considered the veneration of
tombs and places thought to possess supernatural powers as an offence
against tawhid. Muhammad's tomb was stripped of its gold and jewel
ornaments, but the dome was preserved either because of an
unsuccessful attempt to demolish its hardened structure, or because
some time ago
Ibn Abd al-Wahhab wrote that he did not wish to see the
dome destroyed despite his aversion to people praying at the tomb.
Similar events took place in 1925 when the Saudi ikhwans retook—and
this time managed to keep—the city.
After the foundation of the Kingdom of
Saudi Arabia in 1932, the
mosque underwent several major modifications. In 1951 King Ibn Saud
(1932–1953) ordered demolitions around the mosque to make way for
new wings to the east and west of the prayer hall, which consisted of
concrete columns with pointed arches. Older columns were reinforced
with concrete and braced with copper rings at the top. The
Suleymaniyya and Majidiyya minarets were replaced by two minarets in
Mamluk revival style. Two additional minarets were erected to the
northeast and northwest of the mosque. A library was built along the
western wall to house historic Qurans and other religious
In 1974, King Faisal added 40,440 square metres to the mosque. The
area of the mosque was also expanded during the reign of King Fahd in
1985. Bulldozers were used to demolish buildings around the
mosque. In 1992, when it was completed, the area of the mosque
became 1.7 million square feet. Escalators and 27 courtyards were
among the additions to the mosque.
A $6 billion project for increasing the area of the mosque was
announced in September 2012. RT reported that after the end of the
work, it would accommodate 1.6 million people. In March of the
Saudi Gazette wrote "95 percent of the demolition work
has been completed. About 10 hotels to the eastern side of the
expansion were leveled to the ground in addition to a number of houses
and other utilities to make way for the expansion."
The two tiered mosque has a rectangular plan. The Ottoman prayer hall
faces towards the south. It has a flat paved roof topped with 27
sliding domes on square bases. Holes pierced into the base of each
dome illuminate the interior. The roof is also used for prayer during
peak times, when the domes slide out on metal tracks to shade areas of
the roof, creating light wells for the prayer hall. At these times,
the courtyard of the Ottoman mosque is also shaded with umbrellas
affixed to freestanding columns. The roof is accessed by stairs
and escalators. The paved area around the mosque is also used for
prayer, equipped with umbrella tents. Sliding Domes and
retractable umbrella-like canopies were designed by the German
architect Mahmoud Bodo Rasch, his firm SL Rasch GmbH, and Buro
The Rawḍah (Arabic: رَوْضَـة, literally "Garden") is an
area between the minbar and burial chamber of Muhammad. It is regarded
as one of the riyāḍ al-
Jannah (Arabic: رِيَـاض
الْـجَـنَّـة, gardens of Paradise). A green
carpet distinguishes the area from the rest of the mosque, which is
covered in a red carpet.
Pilgrims attempt to visit the confines of the area, for there is a
tradition that supplications and prayers uttered here are never
rejected. Access into the area is not always possible, especially
Hajj season, as the space can only accommodate a few
Main article: Green Dome
The chamber adjacent to the Rawdah holds the tombs of
Muhammad and two
of his companions, father-in-laws and caliphs,
Abu Bakr and
al-Khattab. A fourth grave is reserved for ‘Īsā (Arabic:
عِـيـسَى, Jesus), as it is believed that he will return and
will be buried at the site. The site is covered by the Green Dome. It
was constructed in 1817 CE during the reign of the Ottoman sultan
Mahmud II and painted green in 1837 CE.
There are two mihrabs in the mosque, one was built by
another was built by the third Rashidun caliph Uthman. The one built
by the latter was larger than that of Muhammad's and act as the
functional mihrab, whereas Muhammad's mihrab is a "commemorative"
mihrab. Besides the mihrab, the mosque also has other niches which
act as indicators for praying. This includes the miḥrâb Fâṭimah
(Arabic: مِـحْـرَاب فَـاطِـمَـة) or miḥrāb
aṫ-Ṫahajjud (Arabic: مِـحْـرَاب
الـتَّـهَـجُّـد), which was built by
the Ṫahajjud (Arabic: تَـهَـجُّـد).
Minbar in use at the Masjid
The original minbar (Arabic: مِـنـۢبَـر) used by Muhammad
was a "wood block of date tree". This was replaced by him with a
tamarisk one, which had dimensions of 50 cm × 125 cm
(20 in × 49 in). Also in 629, a three staired ladder
was added to it. The first two caliphs,
Abu Bakr and Umar, did not use
the third step "due to respect for the Prophet", but the third caliph
Uthman placed a fabric dome over it and the rest of the stairs were
covered with ebony. The minbar was replaced by
Baybars I in 1395, and
later by Shaykh al-Mahmudi in 1417. This was also replaced by a marble
one by Qaitbay in the late fifteenth century, which as of August 2013,
is still used in the mosque.
The first minarets (four in number) of 26 feet (7.9 m) high were
constructed by Umar. In 1307, a minaret titled Bab al-Salam was added
Muhammad ibn Kalavun which was renovated by Mehmed IV. After the
renovation project of 1994, there were ten minarets which were 104
metres (341 ft) high. The minarets' upper, bottom and middle
portion are cylindrical, octagonal and square shaped respectively.
Entrance of the mosque with umbrella tents open
The main Mihrab
Details on the main entrance
The mosque at night
Saudi Arabia portal
Burial places of founders of world religions
Destruction of early Islamic heritage sites in Saudi Arabia
History of Medieval Arabic and Western European domes
Holiest sites in
Holiest sites in
List of mosques
^ Google maps. "Location of Masjid an Nabawi". Google maps. Retrieved
24 September 2013.
^ Esposito, John (1998). Islam: The Straight Path (3rd ed.). Oxford
University Press. pp. 9, 12. ISBN 978-0-19-511234-4.
^ Esposito (2002b), pp. 4–5.
^ Peters, F.E. (2003). Islam: A Guide for
Jews and Christians.
Princeton University Press. p. 9. ISBN 0-691-11553-2.
^ Quran 2:127 (Translated by Yusuf Ali)
^ Quran 3:96 (Translated by Yusuf Ali)
^ Quran 17:1–7
^ Trofimov, Yaroslav (2008), The Siege of Mecca: The 1979 Uprising at
Islam's Holiest Shrine, New York, p. 79,
^ The History of Electrical lights in the Arabian Peninsula
^ a b c d e f Ariffin, Syed
Ahmad Iskandar Syed (2005). Architectural
Conservation in Islam : Case Study of the Prophet's Mosque.
Penerbit UTM. pp. 88–89,109. ISBN 978-983-52-0373-2.
^ a b c Petersen, Andrew (2002-03-11). Dictionary of Islamic
Architecture. Routledge. p. 183.
^ "The Prophet's
Mosque [Al-Masjid An-Nabawi]".
Islam Web. Retrieved
17 June 2015.
^ a b c Ariffin, p. 49.
^ "Gates of Masjid al-Nabawi". Madain Project. Retrieved 18 March
^ Ariffin, p. 50.
^ a b Ariffin, p. 51.
^ Atiqur Rahman.
Umar Bin Khattab: The Man of Distinction. Adam
Publishers. p. 53. ISBN 978-81-7435-329-0.
^ Ariffin, p. 54.
^ Ariffin, p. 55.
^ Ariffin, p. 56.
^ NE McMillan. Fathers and Sons: The Rise and Fall of Political
Dynasty in the Middle East. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 33.
^ Ariffin, p. 62.
^ Munt, p. 116.
^ Munt, p. 118.
^ Wahbi Hariri-Rifai, Mokhless Hariri-Rifai. The Heritage of the
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. GDG Exhibits Trust. p. 161.
^ Ariffin, p. 64.
^ a b Ariffin, p. 65.
^ a b Mark Weston (2008). Prophets and princes:
Saudi Arabia from
Muhammad to the present. John Wiley and Sons. pp. 102–103.
^ Doris Behrens-Abouseif; Stephen Vernoit (2006).
Islamic art in the
19th century: tradition, innovation, and eclecticism. BRILL.
p. 22. ISBN 978-90-04-14442-2.
^ Peskes, Esther (2000). "Wahhābiyya". Encyclopaedia of Islam. 11
(2nd ed.). Brill Academic Publishers. pp. 40, 42.
^ "History of the Cemetery Of Jannat Al-Baqi". Al-Islam.org.
^ Mark Weston (2008). Prophets and princes:
Saudi Arabia from Muhammad
to the present. John Wiley and Sons. p. 136.
^ Vincent J. Cornell (2007). Voices of Islam: Voices of the spirit.
Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 84.
^ Carl W. Ernst (2004). Following Muhammad: Rethinking
Islam in the
Contemporary World. Univ of North Carolina Press. pp. 173–174.
^ "New expansion of Prophet's
Mosque ordered by king".
Retrieved 19 June 2015.
Mosque to accommodate two million worshippers after
Arab News. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
^ "Expansion of the Prophet's
Mosque in Madinah (3 of 8)". King Fahd
Abdulaziz. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 19
^ "Expansion of the two Holy Mosques". Saudi Embassy. Archived from
the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
Saudi Arabia plans $6bln makeover for second holiest site in
Islam". RT. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
Mosque to house 1.6m after expansion". Saudi Gazette.
Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 19 June
^ "Holy places: The Prophet's Mosque, Medina". Daily Monitor.
Retrieved 19 June 2015.
^ Frei Otto, Bodo Rasch: Finding Form: Towards an Architecture of the
Minimal, 1996, ISBN 3-930698-66-8
^ "Archnet". archnet.org.
^ MakMax (Taiyo Kogyo Group). "Large scale umbrellas (250 units)
completed, covering the pilgrims worldwide with membrane
architecture : MakMax". makmax.com.
^ Walker, Derek (1998). The Confidence to Build. p 69: Taylor &
Francis. p. 176. ISBN 0-419-24060-8.
^ Malik ibn Anas. "14.5.11". Muwatta Imam Malik.
^ a b ""Islamic Guidelines for Visitors to the Prophet's Mosque"".
Islam-QA. It is prescribed for the one who visits the Prophet's Mosque
to pray two rakats in the Rawdah or whatever he wants of supplementary
prayers, because it is proven that there is virtue in doing so. It was
narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet said, "The area between my
house and my mimbar is one of the gardens of Paradise, and my mimbar
is on my cistern (hawd)." Narrated by al-Bukhari, 1196; Muslim,
^ Ariffin, p. 57.
^ a b c "The Prophet's Mosque". Last Prophet. Retrieved 19 June
^ Assuming that
Islam started with Muhammad. Muslims believe that
Islam did not start with him, but that it represents even previous
Prophets, such as Jesus, David, Moses, Abraham,
Adam. In addition, the
Quran treats the Masjidayn (Arabic:
مَـسْـجِـدَيْـن, literally "two places of
prostration") of Al-Haram and Al-Aqsa as being no less old.
Ahmad Iskandar Syed. Architectural Conservation in
Islam : Case Study of the Prophet's Mosque. Penerbit UTM.
Munt, Harry. The Holy City of Medina: Sacred Space in Early Islamic
Arabia. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-04213-1.
Bibliography and further reading
Fahd, Salem Bahmmam. Pilgrimage in Islam: A description and
explanation of the fifth pillar of Islam. Modern Guide, 2014.
Muhammad the Prophet of Islam.
Muhammad, Asad. The Road To Mecca. The Book Foundation, 1954.
Sir, Richard Francis Burton. Personal Narrative of a Pilgrimage to
Al-Madinah & Meccah, Volume 2. ISBN 978-0-486-21218-0.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Al-Masjid an-Nabawi.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Medina.
Wikinews has related news: Annual Islamic pilgrimage takes place
Complete compendium of Masjid al-Nabawi on Madain Project
Watch Live Al-Masjid an-Nabawi
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The curious tale of the Abyssinian Guardians of Masjid Nabawi SAW
Visiting the Prophet’s Mosque
prophet muhammad's mosque 360º Virtual Tour
People and things in the Quran
Allâh ("The God")
Allah found in the Quran
Beings in Paradise
Ghilmān or Wildān
The baqarah (cow) of Israelites
The dhi’b (wolf) that
Jacob feared could attack Joseph
The fīl (elephant) of the Abyssinians)
Ḥimār (Domesticated donkey)
The hud-hud (hoopoe) of Solomon
The kalb (dog) of the sleepers of the cave
The nāqaṫ (she-camel) of Saleh
The nūn (fish or whale) of Jonah
Ḥimār (Wild ass)
Qaswarah ('Lion', 'Beast of prey' or 'Hunter')
‘Ifrîṫ ("Strong one")
Mârid ("Rebellious one")
Iblīs the Shayṭān (Devil)
‘Imrān (Joachim the father of Maryam)
Isma'il Ṣādiq al-Wa‘d (Fulfiller of the Promise)
Shu‘ayb (Jethro, Reuel or Hobab?)
Sulaymān ibn Dāwūd (
Solomon son of David)
Yaḥyā ibn Zakariyyā (
John the Baptist
John the Baptist the son of Zechariah)
Dhūn-Nūn ("He of the
Fish (or Whale)" or "Owner of the
Ṣāḥib al-Ḥūṫ ("Companion of the Whale")
Yūsuf ibn Ya‘qūb (
Joseph son of Jacob)
Other names and titles of Muhammad
Al-Masīḥ (The Messiah)
Ibn Maryam (Son of Mary)
Mūsā Kalīmullāh (
Moses He who spoke to God)
Ibrāhīm Khalīlullāh (
Abraham Friend of God)
Dhūl-Qarnain (Cyrus the Great?)
Ṭâlûṫ (Saul or Gideon?)
Yūsha‘ ibn Nūn (Joshua, companion and successor of Moses)
People of Prophets
Āzar (possibly Terah)
Pharaoh of Moses' time)
Qārūn (Korah, cousin of Moses)
Slayers of Saleh's she-camel (Qaddar ibn Salif and Musda' ibn Dahr)
Adam's immediate relatives
Believer of Ya-Sin
Family of Noah
Mother Shamkhah bint Anush or Betenos
People of Aaron and Moses
Believer of Fir'aun Family (Hizbil/Hizqil ibn Sabura)
Imra’aṫ Fir‘awn (Âsiyá bint Muzâḥim or Bithiah)
Magicians of the Pharaoh
People of Abraham
Mother Abiona or Amtelai the daughter of Karnebo
People of Jesus
Disciples (including Peter)
People of Joseph
Brothers (including Binyāmin (Benjamin) and Simeon)
‘Azîz (Potiphar, Qatafir or Qittin)
Malik (King Ar-Rayyân ibn Al-Walîd))
Wife of ‘Azîz (Zulaykhah)
People of Solomon
Queen of Sheba
Implied or not specified
Caleb or Kaleb the companion of Joshua
Rahmah the wife of Ayyub
People of Paradise
People of the Burnt Garden
Aş-ḥāb as-Sabṫ (Companions of the Sabbath)
Ḥawāriyyūn (Disciples of Jesus)
Companions of Noah's Ark
Aş-ḥāb al-Kahf war-Raqīm (Companions of the Cave and Al-Raqaim?
Companions of the Elephant
People of al-Ukhdūd
People of a township in Surah Ya-Sin
People of Yathrib or Medina
Qawm Lûṭ (People of Sodom and Gomorrah)
Nation of Noah
Tribes, ethnicities or families
A‘rāb (Arabs or Bedouins)
ʿĀd (people of Hud)
Companions of the Rass
Qawm Ṫubba‘ (People of Tubba')
People of Saba’ or Sheba
Thamûd (people of Saleh)
Aṣ-ḥâb al-Ḥijr ("Companions of the Stoneland")
Rûm (literally "The Romans")
Banî Isrâ’îl (Children of Israel)
Mu’ṫafikāṫ (The overthrown cities of Sodom and Gomorrah)
People of Ibrahim
People of Ilyas
People of Nuh
People of Shuaib
Ahl Madyan People of Madyan)
Aṣ-ḥāb al-Aykah ("Companions of the Wood")
Qawm Yûnus (People of Jonah)
Ya'juj and Ma'juj/Gog and Magog
Ahl al-Bayṫ ("People of the Household")
Household of Abraham
Brothers of Yūsuf
Daughters of Abraham's nephew Lot (Ritha, Za'ura, et al.)
Progeny of Imran
Household of Moses
Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim
Daughters of Muhammad
Wives of Muhammad
Household of Salih
People of Fir'aun
Current Ummah of
Islam (Ummah of Muhammad)
Aṣ-ḥāb Muḥammad (Companions of Muhammad)
Anṣār Muslims of
Medina who helped
Muhammad and his Meccan
followers, literally 'Helpers')
People of Mecca
Umm Jamil (wife of Abu Lahab)
Children of Ayyub
Dead son of Sulaiman
Qabil/Cain (son of Adam)
Wali'ah or Wa'ilah/Waala (wife of Nuh)
Walihah or Wahilah (wife of Lut)
Ya’jūj wa Ma’jūj (Gog and Magog)
Yam or Kan'an (son of Nuh)
Ahl al-Suffa (People of the Verandah)
Aus & Khazraj
People of Quba
Ahl al-dhimmah (Dhimmi)
People of the Book (Ahl al-Kiṫāb)
Naṣārā (Christian(s) or People of the Injil)
Ahbār (Jewish scholars)
Meccan polytheists at the time of Muhammad
Mesopotamian polytheists at the time of
Abraham and Lot
Al-Arḍ Al-Mubārakah ("The Land The Blessed")
Al-Arḍ Al-Muqaddasah ("The Land The Holy")
Arabian Peninsula (excluding Madyan)
Al-Aḥqāf ("The Sandy Plains," or "the Wind-curved Sand-hills")
Iram dhāṫ al-‘Imād (Iram of the Pillars)
Al-Madīnah (formerly Yathrib)
Maqām Ibrāhīm (Station of Abraham)
Safa and Marwah
‘Arim Saba’ (Dam of Sheba)
Jannah (Paradise, literally 'Garden')
Munzalanm-Mubārakan ("Place-of-Landing Blessed")
Qaryaṫ Yūnus ("Township of Jonah," that is Nineveh)
Door of Hittah
Miṣr (Mainland Egypt)
Salsabîl (A river in Paradise)
Sinai Region or Tīh Desert
Al-Wād Al-Muqaddas Ṭuwan (The Holy Valley of Tuwa)
Al-Wādil-Ayman (The valley on the 'righthand' side of the Valley of
Tuwa and Mount Sinai)
Mount Sinai or Mount Tabor
Barrier of Dhul-Qarnayn
Bayt al-Muqaddas & 'Ariha
Bilād ar-Rāfidayn (Mesopotamia)
Cave of Seven Sleepers
Al-Ḥijāz (literally "The Barrier")
Black Stone (Al-Ḥajar al-Aswad) & Al-Hijr of Isma'il
Hira & Ghar al-Thawr (Cave of the Bull)
Paradise of Shaddad
Masjid (Mosque, literally "Place of Prostration")
Al-Mash‘ar Al-Ḥarām ("The Monument the Sacred")
Al-Masjid Al-Aqṣā (Al-Aqsa Mosque, literally "The
Place-of-Prostration The Farthest")
Al-Masjid Al-Ḥarām (The Sacred
Mosque of Mecca)
Mosque in the area of Medina, possibly:
Masjid Qubâ’ (Quba Mosque)
The Prophet's Mosque
Ḥabb dhul-‘aṣf (Corn of the husk)
Ukul khamṭ (Bitter fruit or food of Sheba)
Forbidden fruit of Adam
Bushes, trees or plants
Plants of Sheba
Līnah (Tender palm tree)
Nakhl (date palm)
Rayḥān (Scented plant)
Gospel of Jesus)
Al-Qur’ân (The Book of Muhammad)
Ṣuḥuf-i Ibrâhîm (Scroll(s) of Abraham)
Aṫ-Ṫawrâṫ (The Torah)
Ṣuḥuf-i-Mûsâ (Scroll(s) of Moses)
Tablets of Stone
Psalms of David)
Umm al-Kiṫâb ("Mother of the Book(s)")
Objects of people or beings
Heavenly Food of
Staff of Musa
Ṫābūṫ as-Sakīnah (Casket of Shekhinah)
Throne of Bilqis
Trumpet of Israfil
Idols of Israelites:
The ‘ijl (golden calf statue) of Israelites
Idols of Noah's people:
Idols of Quraysh:
Jibṫ and Ṭâghûṫ
Maṣābīḥ (literally 'lamps'):
Al-Qamar (The Moon)
Al-Arḍ (The Earth)
Ash-Shams (The Sun)
Water or fluid)
River or sea)
Battle of al-Aḥzāb ("the Confederates")
Battle of Badr
Battle of Hunayn
Battle of Khaybar
Battle of Tabouk
Battle of Uhud
Conquest of Mecca
Incident of Ifk
Sayl al-‘Arim (Flood of the Great Dam of
Marib in Sheba)
Farewell Pilgrimage (Hujja al-Wada')
Treaty of Hudaybiyyah
Event of Ghadir Khumm
Note: The names are sorted alphabetically. Standard form: Islamic name
/ Biblical name (title or relationship)
Mosques in Saudi Arabia
Al Jum'ah Mosque
Bani Bayadhah Mosque
Bani Haritsah Mosque
Grand mosque of Masjid al-Haram
King Saud Mosque
Masjid e Taneem
Mosque of Al-Fadeekh
Mosque of Al-Ghamama
Mosque of Al-Saqiya
Mosque of Atban Bin Malik
Mosque of Bani Haram
Mosque of the Jinn
The Seven Mosques
Islam in Saudi Arabia
Mosques by country
Every year, from the eighth to the twelfth day of Dhu al-Hijjah.
Safa and Marwa
Mosque of Mecca