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Al-‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
Al-‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
(Arabic: العباس بن عبد المطلب‎) (c.568 – c.653 CE) was a paternal uncle and Sahabi (companion) of Muhammad, just three years older than his nephew. A wealthy merchant, during the early years of Islam
Islam
he protected Muhammad
Muhammad
while he was in Mecca, but only became a convert after the Battle of Badr
Battle of Badr
in 624 CE (2 AH). His descendants founded the Abbasid
Abbasid
Caliphate
Caliphate
in 750.[1]

Contents

1 Early years 2 Conversion to Islam 3 Family 4 Death 5 Descendants 6 Ancestors and family tree 7 See also 8 References

Early years[edit] Abbas, born in 568, was one of the youngest sons of Abdul-Muttalib. His mother was Nutayla bint Janab of the Namir tribe.[2] After his father's death, he took over the Zamzam Well
Zamzam Well
and the distributing of water to the pilgrims.[3] He became a spice-merchant in Mecca,[4] a trade that made him wealthy.[5] Conversion to Islam[edit] During the early years, while the Muslim religion was gaining adherents (610-622), Abbas provided protection to his kinsman but did not adopt the faith. He acted as a spokesman at the Second Pledge of Aqaba,[6] but he was not among those who emigrated to Medina. Having fought on the side of the polytheists, Abbas was captured during the Battle of Badr. He was a large man while his captor, Abu'l-Yasar, was small. The Prophet asked Abu'l-Yasar how he had managed the capture, and he said he was assisted by a person whom he described and Muhammad
Muhammad
identified as a noble angel. Muhammad
Muhammad
allowed al-Abbas to ransom himself and his nephew.[7] Ibn Hisham says that Abbas had become a secret Muslim before the Battle of Badr;[8] but the clear statement is missing from Tabari's citation of the same source.[9][10] It is sometimes said that he converted to Islam
Islam
shortly after Badr.[11] It is elsewhere implied that Abbas did not formally profess Islam until January 630, just before the fall of Mecca, twenty years after his wife Lubaba.[12] Muhammad
Muhammad
then named him "last of the migrants" (Muhajirun), which entitled him to the proceeds of the spoils of the war. He was given the right to provide Zamzam water to pilgrims, which right was passed down to his descendants.[1] Abbas immediately joined Muhammad's army, participating in the Conquest of Mecca, the Battle of Hunayn
Battle of Hunayn
and the Siege of Ta'if. He defended Muhammad
Muhammad
at Hunayn when other warriors deserted him.[13] After these military exploits, Abbas brought his family to live in Medina, where Muhammad
Muhammad
frequently visited them[14] and even proposed marriage to his daughter.[15] Later Abbas fought in the expedition to Tabuk.[13] Family[edit] Abbas had at least five wives.

Lubaba bint al-Harith (Arabic: لبابة بنت الحارث), also known as Umm al-Fadl, was from the Banu Hilal
Banu Hilal
tribe. Umm al-Fadl claimed to be the second woman to convert to Islam, the same day as her close friend Khadijah, the first wife of Muhammad. Umm al-Fadl's traditions of the Prophet appear in all canonical collections of hadiths. She showed her piety by supernumerary fasting and by attacking Abu Lahab, the enemy of the Muslims, with a tent pole.[16] Fatima bint Junayd, from the Al-Harith clan of the Quraysh tribe.[17] Hajila bint Jundub ibn Rabia, from the Hilal tribe.[18] Musliya, a Greek concubine.[19][20] Tukana, a Jewish woman from the Qurayza tribe and a former concubine of Muhammad, whom Abbas married after 632.[21] It is not known whether any of the children were hers.

The known children of Abbas were:

Al-Faraa, who married Qatn ibn Al-Harith, a brother of Lubaba. Her mother is not named.[22] Al-Fadl. Abdullah. Ubaydullah. Ubaydullah's daughter Lubaba married al-Abbas ibn Ali
Ali
and had Ubaydullah ibn al-Abbas ibn Ali, who is the famous Ubaydullah ibn al-Abbas. Quthum. Maabad. Abdulrahman. Umm Habib. These seven were all the offspring of Lubaba.[23] Al-Harith. His mother is variously said to have been either Fatima[17] or Hajila.[18] Aown, whose mother is not named.[24] Mushir, whose mother is not named.[25] Kathir, son of Musliya.[26] Amina, probably the daughter of Musliya.[19][27] Safiya, probably the daughter of Musliya.[19][27] Tammam, the youngest, son of Musliya.[26]

Death[edit] Abbas died in February 653 at the age of 85. He is buried at the Jannatul Baqee' cemetery in Medina, Saudi Arabia.[28][29] Descendants[edit] The Abbasid
Abbasid
dynasty founded in 750 by Abu al-`Abbās `Abdu'llāh as-Saffāh claimed the title of caliph (literally "successor") through their descent from Abbas's son Abdullah.[30] Many other families claim direct descent from Abbas, including the Kalhora's of Sindh,[31] the Berber Banu Abbas,[32] and the modern-day Bawazir of Yemen[33] and Shaigiya
Shaigiya
and Ja'Alin of Sudan.[34] and Awan, Sararra Abbasi of Abbottabad (Union Council Kukmang, Patan, and Boi) and Mansehra, Dhund Abbasi & Jasgam of Murree
Murree
& Kahuta Pakistan. Ancestors and family tree[edit]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quraysh tribe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Waqida bint Amr

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abd Manaf ibn Qusai

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ātikah bint Murrah

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nawfal ibn Abd Manaf

 

 

‘Abd Shams

 

Barra

 

Hala

 

Muṭṭalib ibn Abd Manaf

 

Hashim

 

Salma bint Amr

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Umayya ibn Abd Shams

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

‘Abd al-Muttalib

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Harb

 

Abu al-'As

 

 

 

ʿĀminah

 

ʿAbd Allāh

 

Hamza

 

Abī Ṭālib

 

Az-Zubayr

 

Al-‘Abbas

 

Abū Lahab

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ʾAbī Sufyān ibn Harb

 

Al-Hakam

 

 

Affan ibn Abi al-'As

 

 

MUHAMMAD (Family tree)

 

Khadija bint Khuwaylid

 

`Alī al-Mûrtdhā (Family tree)

 

Khawlah bint Ja'far

 

ʿAbd Allāh

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Muʿāwiyah

 

Marwan I

 

 

Uthman ibn Affan

 

 

Ruqayyah

 

Fatima Zahra

 

 

 

 

 

 

Muhammad
Muhammad
ibn al-Hanafiyyah

 

ʿ Ali
Ali
bin ʿAbd Allāh

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Umayyad
Umayyad
Caliphate

 

 

 

Uthman ibn Abu-al-Aas

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hasan al-Mûjtabâ

 

Husayn bin Ali (Family tree)

 

Abu Hashim ("Imām" of al-Mukhtār & Abû‘Amra`Kaysan’îyyah)

 

Muhammad
Muhammad
"al-Imām" (Abbasids)

 

Ibrāhim bin ʿ Ali
Ali
bin ′Abd Allah bin Al-‘Abbas

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See also[edit]

Sahabah Muhammad

References[edit]

^ a b Huston Smith, Cyril Glasse (2002), The new encyclopedia of Islam, Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press, ISBN 0-7591-0190-6  ^ al-Tabari, Muhammad
Muhammad
ibn Jarir (1998). Tarikh al-Rusul wa'l-Muluk: Biographies of the Prophet's Companions and Their Successors. 39. Albany: State University of New York Press. p. 24.  ^ Ibn Ishaq, Sirat Rasul Allah. Translated by Guillaume, A. (1955). The Life of Muhammad, p. 79. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ^ Ibn Ishaq/Guillaume, p. 113. ^ Ibn Ishaq (Guillaume) pp. 309-310. ^ Ibn Ishaq (Guillaume) p. 203. ^ Wahba, al-Mawardi Translated by Wafaa H (2000), The ordinances of government = Al-Aḥkām al-sulṭāniyya w'al-wilāyāt al-Dīniyya, Reading: Garnet, ISBN 1-85964-140-7  ^ Ibn Ishaq (Guillaume) p. 309. ^ Alfred Guillaume's footnote to Ibn Ishaq (1955) p. 309. ^ Tabari, Tarikh al-Rusul wa'l-Muluk. Translated by McDonald, M. V. (1987). Volume 7: The Foundation of the Community, p. 68. Albany: State University of New York Press. ^ Annotated (1998), The history of al-Ṭabarī = (Taʼrīkh al-rusul waʼl mulūk), Albany: State University of New York Press, ISBN 0-7914-2820-6  ^ Ibn Ishaq (Guillaume) pp. 546-548. ^ a b Tabari (Landau-Tasseron) pp. 24-25. ^ Ibn Saad, Tabaqat vol. 8. Translated by Bewley, A. (1995). The Women of Madina, p. 194. London: Ta-Ha Publishers. ^ Ibn Ishaq (Guillaume) p. 311. ^ Roded, Ruth (1994), Women in islamic biographical collections : from Ibn Saʻd to Who's who. P37-38, Boulder u.a.: Rienner, ISBN 1-55587-442-8  ^ a b Ibn Hajar, Isaba vol. 8 #11586. ^ a b Ibn Hajar, Isaba vol. 2 #1904. ^ a b c Ibn Saad, Tabaqat vol. 4. “Al-Abbas ibn Abdalmuttalib.” ^ Beheshti, M. (1967). Background of the Birth of Islam, chapter 5. Translated by Ayoub, M. M. (1985). Tehran: International Publishing Co. ^ Majlisi, Hayat Al-Qulub vol. 2. Translated by Rizvi, A Detailed Biography of Prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
(saww), p. 1180. ^ Ibn Hajar, Isaba vol. 5 #7129. ^ Tabari (Landau-Tasseron) p. 201. ^ Ibn Hajar, Isaba vol. 5 #6279. ^ Ibn Hajar, Isaba vol. 6 #8329. ^ a b Tabari (Landau-Tasseron) vol. 39 pp. 75-76. ^ a b See also Majlisi (Rizvi) p. 1208. ^ Tabari (Landau-Tasseron) vol. 39 p. 25. ^ Faruk Aksoy, Omer Faruk Aksoy (2007), The blessed cities of Islam, Makka-Madina, Somerset, NJ: Light Pub., ISBN 1-59784-061-0  ^ Ira Lapidus. A History of Islamic Societies. Cambridge University Press. 2002 ISBN 0-521-77056-4 p.54 ^ History of Daudpota's, Altaf Daudpota, retrieved 2009-04-12  ^ Brett, Michael Fentress (1997), The Berbers, Oxford: Blackwell, ISBN 0-631-20767-8  ^ Web Site of the Bawazir Abbasid
Abbasid
Hashimite Family ^ Nicholls, W (1913), The Shaikiya: an Account of the Shaikiya Tribes, of the History of Dongola Province from the XIVth to the XIXth Century 

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 3646525

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