Al-‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
Al-‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib (Arabic: العباس بن عبد
المطلب) (c.568 – c.653 CE) was a paternal uncle and
Sahabi (companion) of Muhammad, just three years older than his
nephew. A wealthy merchant, during the early years of
Muhammad while he was in Mecca, but only became a convert
Battle of Badr
Battle of Badr in 624 CE (2 AH). His descendants
Caliphate in 750.
1 Early years
2 Conversion to Islam
6 Ancestors and family tree
7 See also
Abbas, born in 568, was one of the youngest sons of Abdul-Muttalib.
His mother was
Nutayla bint Janab of the Namir tribe. After his
father's death, he took over the
Zamzam Well and the distributing of
water to the pilgrims. He became a spice-merchant in Mecca, a
trade that made him wealthy.
Conversion to Islam
During the early years, while the Muslim religion was gaining
adherents (610-622), Abbas provided protection to his kinsman but did
not adopt the faith. He acted as a spokesman at the Second Pledge of
Aqaba, but he was not among those who emigrated to Medina.
Having fought on the side of the polytheists, Abbas was captured
during the Battle of Badr. He was a large man while his captor,
Abu'l-Yasar, was small. The Prophet asked Abu'l-Yasar how he had
managed the capture, and he said he was assisted by a person whom he
Muhammad identified as a noble angel.
al-Abbas to ransom himself and his nephew.
Ibn Hisham says that Abbas had become a secret Muslim before the
Battle of Badr; but the clear statement is missing from Tabari's
citation of the same source. It is sometimes said that he
Islam shortly after Badr.
It is elsewhere implied that Abbas did not formally profess Islam
until January 630, just before the fall of Mecca, twenty years after
his wife Lubaba.
Muhammad then named him "last of the migrants"
(Muhajirun), which entitled him to the proceeds of the spoils of the
war. He was given the right to provide Zamzam water to pilgrims, which
right was passed down to his descendants.
Abbas immediately joined Muhammad's army, participating in the
Conquest of Mecca, the
Battle of Hunayn
Battle of Hunayn and the Siege of Ta'if. He
Muhammad at Hunayn when other warriors deserted him.
After these military exploits, Abbas brought his family to live in
Muhammad frequently visited them and even proposed
marriage to his daughter.
Later Abbas fought in the expedition to Tabuk.
Abbas had at least five wives.
Lubaba bint al-Harith (Arabic: لبابة بنت الحارث), also
known as Umm al-Fadl, was from the
Banu Hilal tribe. Umm al-Fadl
claimed to be the second woman to convert to Islam, the same day as
her close friend Khadijah, the first wife of Muhammad. Umm al-Fadl's
traditions of the Prophet appear in all canonical collections of
hadiths. She showed her piety by supernumerary fasting and by
attacking Abu Lahab, the enemy of the Muslims, with a tent pole.
Fatima bint Junayd, from the Al-Harith clan of the Quraysh tribe.
Hajila bint Jundub ibn Rabia, from the Hilal tribe.
Musliya, a Greek concubine.
Tukana, a Jewish woman from the
Qurayza tribe and a former concubine
of Muhammad, whom Abbas married after 632. It is not known whether
any of the children were hers.
The known children of Abbas were:
Al-Faraa, who married Qatn ibn Al-Harith, a brother of Lubaba. Her
mother is not named.
Ubaydullah. Ubaydullah's daughter Lubaba married al-Abbas ibn
had Ubaydullah ibn al-Abbas ibn Ali, who is the famous Ubaydullah ibn
Umm Habib. These seven were all the offspring of Lubaba.
Al-Harith. His mother is variously said to have been either Fatima
Aown, whose mother is not named.
Mushir, whose mother is not named.
Kathir, son of Musliya.
Amina, probably the daughter of Musliya.
Safiya, probably the daughter of Musliya.
Tammam, the youngest, son of Musliya.
Abbas died in February 653 at the age of 85. He is buried at the
Jannatul Baqee' cemetery in Medina, Saudi Arabia.
Abbasid dynasty founded in 750 by Abu al-`Abbās `Abdu'llāh
as-Saffāh claimed the title of caliph (literally "successor") through
their descent from Abbas's son Abdullah.
Many other families claim direct descent from Abbas, including the
Kalhora's of Sindh, the Berber Banu Abbas, and the modern-day
Bawazir of Yemen and
Ja'Alin of Sudan. and Awan,
Sararra Abbasi of Abbottabad (Union Council Kukmang, Patan, and Boi)
and Mansehra, Dhund Abbasi & Jasgam of
Murree & Kahuta
Ancestors and family tree
Waqida bint Amr
Abd Manaf ibn Qusai
Ātikah bint Murrah
Nawfal ibn Abd Manaf
Muṭṭalib ibn Abd Manaf
Salma bint Amr
Umayya ibn Abd Shams
ʾAbī Sufyān ibn Harb
Affan ibn Abi al-'As
Khadija bint Khuwaylid
Khawlah bint Ja'far
Uthman ibn Affan
Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
Ali bin ʿAbd Allāh
Uthman ibn Abu-al-Aas
Husayn bin Ali
("Imām" of al-Mukhtār & Abû‘Amra`Kaysan’îyyah)
Ibrāhim bin ʿ
Ali bin ′Abd Allah bin Al-‘Abbas
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^ a b
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^ a b See also Majlisi (Rizvi) p. 1208.
Tabari (Landau-Tasseron) vol. 39 p. 25.
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^ Brett, Michael Fentress (1997), The Berbers, Oxford: Blackwell,
^ Web Site of the Bawazir
Abbasid Hashimite Family
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of the History of Dongola Province from the XIVth to the XIXth